Orbits 4

Copy and paste this link to your website, so they can see this document directly without any plugins.



Keywords

will, competitor, that, Orbits, with, competitors, Page, this, transponder, from, This, number, your, results, passing, When, program, click, decoder, result, select, starting, flag, time, Select, points, when, competitor,, loop, system

Transcript

Page 1 of 127
© 2005 AMB i.t. All Rights Reserved
Page 2 of 127
© 2005 AMB i.t. All Rights Reserved
Disclaimer
This publication is to be used for version 4.0 of Orbits. This publication has been written with great
care. However, the manufacturer cannot be held responsible, either for any errors occurring in the
publication or for their consequences. Information in this document is subject to change without
notice.
Copyright © 2007 by AMB i.t. B.V.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
otherwise, without the prior written consent of the publisher.
AMB i.t. BV
Zuiderhoutlaan 4
2012 PJ Haarlem
The Netherlands
Phone: +31 23 529 1893
Fax: +31 23 529 0156
Email: support@amb-europe.com
Web: www.amb-it.com
Printed in the Netherlands.
Page 3 of 127
© 2005 AMB i.t. All Rights Reserved
Table of Contents
DISCLAIMER ....................................................................................................................................................... 2
WELCOME............................................................................................................................................................ 6
ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT ...................................................................................................................................... 6
WHO ARE WE? ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
BASIC CONCEPTS .............................................................................................................................................. 7
SYSTEM OVERVIEW .............................................................................................................................................. 8
SINGLE LOOP SYSTEM .......................................................................................................................................... 8
MULTILOOP SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................ 9
TIMELINES ........................................................................................................................................................... 9
SECTION............................................................................................................................................................... 9
TRANSPONDER ..................................................................................................................................................... 9
DETECTION LOOP ............................................................................................................................................... 10
DECODER ........................................................................................................................................................... 10
HARDWARE INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................................ 11
POSITIONING THE DETECTION LOOP ................................................................................................................... 12
INSTALLING THE DETECTION LOOP ..................................................................................................................... 13
SILICONE............................................................................................................................................................ 13
CONNECTING THE DETECTION LOOP TO A TRANX3 DECODER ........................................................................... 14
TRANX2 EXTENDED LOOP DECODER INSTALLATION ........................................................................................ 14
CONNECTING ..................................................................................................................................................... 14
DETECTION LOOPS TO TRANX2 EXTENDED LOOP DECODER .............................................................................. 14
TRANSPONDER POSITIONS .................................................................................................................................. 15
MAIN AND BACKUP ............................................................................................................................................ 16
Main and backup configuration I ................................................................................................................. 16
Main and backup configuration II................................................................................................................ 17
HARDWARE PERFORMANCE TESTING .................................................................................................... 18
TESTING THE LOOP ............................................................................................................................................. 19
SIGNAL, NOISE AND HITS .................................................................................................................................... 20
GETTING STARTED ......................................................................................................................................... 21
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................................................... 22
ADMINISTRATOR................................................................................................................................................ 22
INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................................................... 22
ACTIVATE THE PROGRAM................................................................................................................................... 22
Activate Online ............................................................................................................................................. 23
Activate with another computer ................................................................................................................... 24
FIREWALLS ........................................................................................................................................................ 25
LANGUAGE SETUP .............................................................................................................................................. 26
HELP .................................................................................................................................................................. 26
OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 27
STARTING ORBITS.............................................................................................................................................. 28
ORBITS............................................................................................................................................................... 28
ORBITS SERVER ................................................................................................................................................. 29
REMOTE CONSOLE ............................................................................................................................................. 30
REMOTE CONSOLE CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................... 30
MANAGING DATA .............................................................................................................................................. 32
Create a backup ........................................................................................................................................... 32
Restore a backup .......................................................................................................................................... 32
After the sessions .......................................................................................................................................... 32
GENERAL SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................................... 33
EVENT SETUP .................................................................................................................................................... 35
OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 36
EVENT MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................................................................ 36
CREATE AN EVENT ............................................................................................................................................. 36
Event settings ............................................................................................................................................... 36
System Setup ................................................................................................................................................. 36
Page 4 of 127
© 2005 AMB i.t. All Rights Reserved
Track Details ................................................................................................................................................ 37
Track configuration ...................................................................................................................................... 38
1 Timeline ..................................................................................................................................................... 38
2 Timelines ................................................................................................................................................... 38
3 Timelines ................................................................................................................................................... 39
Sections ........................................................................................................................................................ 39
DECODERS ......................................................................................................................................................... 40
Connect to a decoder.................................................................................................................................... 40
Connection issues ......................................................................................................................................... 42
CHECK TIMING SYSTEM SETUP ........................................................................................................................... 42
SYNCHRONIZATION ............................................................................................................................................ 43
Time-zone ..................................................................................................................................................... 43
GPS Status.................................................................................................................................................... 43
Warnings and errors .................................................................................................................................... 43
TIMING SYSTEM STATUS .................................................................................................................................... 45
Timeline status ............................................................................................................................................. 46
Show passings .............................................................................................................................................. 46
Noise............................................................................................................................................................. 46
Track records ............................................................................................................................................... 48
REGISTRATION ................................................................................................................................................ 49
OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 50
COMPETITOR DATABASE ................................................................................................................................... 50
Competitor classes ....................................................................................................................................... 50
Competitor Details ....................................................................................................................................... 51
MANAGING COMPETITORS ................................................................................................................................. 52
Import competitors ....................................................................................................................................... 53
Export competitors ...................................................................................................................................... 53
CLUB TRANSPONDERS ........................................................................................................................................ 54
GROUPS ............................................................................................................................................................. 54
Create a group ............................................................................................................................................. 55
Run settings .................................................................................................................................................. 56
Adding competitors to groups ...................................................................................................................... 58
Modifying competitors.................................................................................................................................. 59
TIMING ................................................................................................................................................................ 60
OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 61
TIMING A RUN .................................................................................................................................................... 62
Starting a run ............................................................................................................................................... 62
Flag situations .............................................................................................................................................. 62
Stop a run ..................................................................................................................................................... 63
TRACK CHART.................................................................................................................................................... 64
Markers and colors ...................................................................................................................................... 65
PASSINGS SCREEN .............................................................................................................................................. 65
Indications in the passing screen ................................................................................................................. 66
Delete passings............................................................................................................................................. 66
Invalidate passings ....................................................................................................................................... 66
Moving flags and manual passings .............................................................................................................. 67
LAPCHART ......................................................................................................................................................... 67
Lapchart colors ............................................................................................................................................ 68
RESULT SCREEN ................................................................................................................................................. 69
Official/Hidden results ................................................................................................................................. 69
Result status ................................................................................................................................................. 70
Corrections and penalties ............................................................................................................................ 70
MANUAL PASSINGS ............................................................................................................................................ 71
UNRELATED TRANSPONDERS ............................................................................................................................. 72
TRANSPONDER SWITCH ...................................................................................................................................... 73
ANNOUNCEMENTS ............................................................................................................................................. 73
DRIVER ID ......................................................................................................................................................... 74
Edit a competitor .......................................................................................................................................... 75
Result and passing screen ............................................................................................................................ 75
OVAL FEATURES ................................................................................................................................................ 76
Single car qualifying .................................................................................................................................... 76
Lineup creation ............................................................................................................................................ 77
Page 5 of 127
© 2005 AMB i.t. All Rights Reserved
Sandbagging................................................................................................................................................. 78
SECTION TIMES .................................................................................................................................................. 78
PROCESSING RESULTS .................................................................................................................................. 81
OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 82
MERGE RESULTS ................................................................................................................................................ 82
Create a merged result ................................................................................................................................. 82
Solve ties ...................................................................................................................................................... 84
Calculate merged result ............................................................................................................................... 84
STARTING GRID .................................................................................................................................................. 84
Create a starting grid (Quick) ...................................................................................................................... 85
Create a starting grid (Wizard) .................................................................................................................... 85
Modify the starting grid................................................................................................................................ 87
Print the starting grid................................................................................................................................... 88
COPY COMPETITORS........................................................................................................................................... 88
POINTS ............................................................................................................................................................... 89
Assign points ................................................................................................................................................ 89
Manage point schemes ................................................................................................................................. 90
Point schemes settings .................................................................................................................................. 90
PUBLISHING RESULTS ................................................................................................................................... 91
OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 92
MYLAPS.COM..................................................................................................................................................... 92
Upload: Computer is connected to the internet............................................................................................ 92
Upload: Computer is not connected to the internet ..................................................................................... 93
EXPORT RESULTS ............................................................................................................................................... 93
EXPORT LAPTIMES ............................................................................................................................................. 93
PRINT RESULTS .................................................................................................................................................. 94
Edit the printout ........................................................................................................................................... 95
SCOREBOARD ..................................................................................................................................................... 97
RMonitor ...................................................................................................................................................... 97
MyLaps Monitor ........................................................................................................................................... 98
CHAMPIONSHIP ADMINISTRATION .......................................................................................................... 99
OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................................................... 100
CHAMPIONSHIP MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................................................ 100
CREATE A CHAMPIONSHIP ................................................................................................................................ 100
EDIT OR DELETE A CHAMPIONSHIP ................................................................................................................... 100
CHAMPIONSHIP SETTINGS ................................................................................................................................ 101
CHAMPIONSHIP DISPLAY OPTIONS .................................................................................................................... 102
ADDING A RESULT TO THE CHAMPIONSHIP ....................................................................................................... 103
EDIT THE EVENT RESULT .................................................................................................................................. 104
CHAMPIONSHIP LAYOUT .................................................................................................................................. 105
SOLVE TIES MANUALLY ................................................................................................................................... 106
PRINT THE CHAMPIONSHIP STANDINGS ............................................................................................................ 106
EXPORT CHAMPIONSHIPS TO FILE ..................................................................................................................... 106
UPLOAD CHAMPIONSHIP STANDINGS TO MYLAPS.COM ................................................................................... 107
HOW TO ............................................................................................................................................................ 113
COMMON QUESTIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 114
Decoders .................................................................................................................................................... 114
Transponder ............................................................................................................................................... 114
Runs............................................................................................................................................................ 114
Competitors ................................................................................................................................................ 115
Results ........................................................................................................................................................ 115
APPENDICES .................................................................................................................................................... 117
APPENDIX A – PHOTOCELLS ............................................................................................................................ 118
Using photocells ......................................................................................................................................... 118
Positioning photocells ................................................................................................................................ 118
APPENDIX B – FILE FORMATS .......................................................................................................................... 119
INDEX ................................................................................................................................................................ 123
NOTES ................................................................................................................................................................ 125
Welcome
Thank you for choosing Orbits 4 as your timing and scoring solution!
This manual is intended to familiarize you with the Orbits software and
to help you handle different race situations.
About this document This document explains the basics in using Orbits 4 to perform timing
and scoring using single or multiple detection points. This document
can be used as a reference manual in your day-to-day operations at the
racetrack.
Who are we? AMB i.t. B.V specializes in the development of timing and scoring
solutions for different kinds of racing sports. The software is developed
for use in combination with AMB i.t. timing hardware.
AMB i.t. B.V. is staffed by the same group of engineers who have
developed programs like Timegear, ChronX, PractiX and Orbits, the
software supplied with AMB i.t. timing and scoring systems. AMB i.t.
B.V. software is distributed by AMB i.t. offices in The Netherlands, the
USA, Japan and Australia.
Page 7 of 127
Basic Concepts
This chapter describes the basic concepts of timing and scoring. These
concepts are essential for everyone involved in timing and scoring.
Page 8 of 127
System overview
AMB i.t. timing systems are designed to time and score different kinds of
racing events. A transponder is mounted on, by example, a car or
motorcycle. The signal sent by a transponder is picked up by a detection
loop installed in the track surface. The detection loop is connected to an AMB
i.t. decoder. The decoder timestamps the received transponder signals and
sends this data to a connected computer.
The figure below shows the basic overview of an AMB system, and the
following is a brief description for each of the system‟s components.
Single loop system All race organizations use a finish line to score a race. The type of timing
and scoring where only one „timing line‟ or „detection point‟ is involved is
commonly referred to as: single loop timing and scoring.
Note: when using an extended loop decoder the system may include a
separate detection point in the pit lane.
Page 9 of 127
Multiloop system Timing and scoring with a multiloop system can add great value to a race,
due to the multiple loops installed. Much more information will be available,
like split times, speeds and differential times at various parts of the circuit.
Installing multiple loops and therefore multiple decoders makes both the
hardware and the software part of the system more complex. The
complexity of the system will be handled for the most part by the Orbits
system. Therefore operating a multiloop system is, in general, as simple as
operating a single loop system.
Timelines The start/finish line plays a major role in timing a race. In a multiloop
environment there are more lines on the track where competitors are timed.
Throughout this manual we will refer to these physical lines by the term:
Timelines.
The picture above shows an example track with 3 timelines.
- Start/Finish
- Start/Finish Pits
- Start/Finish speed trap
Section
Let‟s define a section “Start/Finish Speed” which will be from timeline
Start/Finish to timeline Start/Finish Speed in the track layout in above
picture. The description of this section will be „Start/Finish Speed‟ and the
short description will be „SF Spd‟. The entry decoder of this section is
decoder Start/Finish (Start/Finish speed trap).
Entry timeline – The timeline, a car will cross when entering this section.
Exit Timeline – The timeline, a car will cross when exiting this section.
Transponder
AMB transponders enable you to give each competitor a unique
identification. The transponder is affixed to the vehicle with a transponder
holder that is secured with bolts, screws, rivets or zip ties. When passing
over the detection loop in the track, the transponder sends its signal to the
loop.
Page 10 of 127
Detection loop The detection loop is embedded into the track surface and picks up each
transponder passing. The unique signal of the transponder is picked up by
the loop and transferred to the AMB decoder. Several transponders can be
picked up at exactly the same time. This ensures no transponders will be
missed, even if 7 or 8 vehicles pass the loop at exactly the same time.
Decoder The AMB decoder is connected to the detection loop via a coax cable and
receives the transponder passing data from the detection loop. It reads the
unique transponder signal and gives the transponder an exact passing time.
When received, it sends the passing information to the computer running the
Orbits 4 program.
Page 11 of 127
Hardware Installation
Orbits is a single loop timing and scoring system. The installation of a
single loop system consists of three main components: loop installation,
decoder installation and transponder installation. This chapter describes
these components that are used in combination with the Orbits 4
software program.
Page 12 of 127
Positioning the
detection loop
All wiring of the detection loop must be installed according to the drawing
below in order to avoid a serious degradation in the performance of the
system.
Step 1 > The detection loop must be positioned in such a way that the
transponder is above the center of the detection loop when the front of the
cars/motorcycle crosses the finish line. Make sure cars/motorcycle cannot
pass outside the detection loop. Extend the detection loop outside the track
if necessary.
Step 2 > Depending on the type of decoder, a loop can be used for a track
width of max. 20m (66ft). For wider tracks use 2 or 3 (max.) loops. When 2
or 3 detection loops need to be installed, make them of even length with 10
cm (4”) overlap.
Step 3 > With a separate loop installed in the pit lane, connect it to the BNC
connector marked loop 3 (PIT) on the decoder. Passings registered in the
pit lane will be identified as such by the decoder.
Step 4 >The detection loop is sensitive to interference, sometimes emitted
by nearby power cables. When possible, keep other cables 5 m (15 ft) away.
Also, make sure cars/motorcycles or other parts on the track will not get
closer than 5 m (15 ft) to the detection loop, to avoid false inputs.
Page 13 of 127
Step 5 > For dirt tracks, the detection loop is best installed in plastic
conduits at a maximum depth of 30cm (1ft) below the surface. The
maximum depth should be chosen in a way that the cars/motorcycles cannot
dig out the detection loop. However please respect the maximum distance
between loop and transponder, which is 60cm (2ft) for cars and 120cm (4ft)
for motorcycles.
Note: When pulling the detection loop wire through the plastic conduit, it is a
good idea to pull another non-metal wire through. This wire then can be
used to install a new loop wire in the event it gets damaged.
Installing the detection
loop
Step 1 >Cut the slots in the track a maximum of 2 cm (3/4 in) deep and 60
cm (2 ft) apart. Make sure the slots are clean and dry. This will ensure a
perfect seal when the silicon is applied after the installation of the wiring. Put
the wires of the detection loop in the slots and cut the excess length of the
detection loop wires.
Step 2 > Widen the slot with a chisel where the small connection box of the
loop is to be installed. Place the connection box vertically into the slot.
Step 3 > When all wires are installed, put the heat shrinkage sleeve over a
detection loop wire end. Then solder the loop wire to the short wire end of
the connection box. When soldering the wires together, the solder should
flow through the entire connection and not only around it. Now put the
shrinkage sleeve over the soldered connection and hold it over a heat source
to shrink the sleeve (also see the drawing below). Repeat this procedure for
the second wire of the detection loop.
Step 4 > Fill the slot with silicone. Before doing this, please test the loop as
described in Chapter 3. Make sure not to overfill the slots and that the
silicone is fully under the surface of the track, otherwise tires may pull out
the silicone.
Step 5 > If any silicone spills out of the slot, remove the excess silicone by
scraping the top with a small piece of cardboard. This also ensures that the
silicone is pressed into the slot for a perfect seal.
Silicone
There is a wide variety of silicone types available in hardware stores; it is
important that the right type is used. Silicone that can withstand different
temperatures as well as both wet and dry conditions (since weather
situations can vary), should be used. If you are unsure, check the
specifications of the silicone.
The following types of silicone have been shown to yield lasting results and
are recommended by AMB:
• Dow Corning 890SL is a self-leveling silicone kit. It is applied as a
liquid and fills the slot completely.
• Purflex is a polyurethane-based silicone that retains its elasticity
under a wide range of temperatures.
Page 14 of 127
Connecting
the detection
loop to a
TranX3
Decoder
The detection loop is connected to the connector at the back of the decoder.
TranX2
Extended
Loop
Decoder
Installation
With the TranX2 Extended Loop decoder it is possible to connect up to three loops
to one decoder. Two detection loops can be used on the track, while the third is
identified as a pit loop. In the Orbits program passings detected on this detection
loop are marked with a „P‟ from pit passing in the results pane and marked in blue
in the passing list.
Connecting
detection
loops to
TranX2
Extended
Loop
Decoder
The detection loops are connected to the connectors at the back of the decoder.
1
D ecoder 1
Loop 1
Loop 2
Loop 3 Pits
Track
Page 15 of 127
Transponder positions The transponder position on a car or bike influences whether the
transponder will be received with sufficient signal strength and whether
the system will be able to determine an accurate passing time. A
transponder position therefore should be determined with great care and
should obey the following restrictions:
- Metal or carbon fiber parts may absorb or block the magnetic
transponder signal; therefore the transponder should be mounted
with no metal or carbon fiber parts beneath it.
- For the decoder to be able to determine an accurate passing time
from the received transponder signal, the transponder should be
mounted vertically. Whether the printed transponder number actually
is pointed forwards, backwards or to the side is not important.
For cars and motorcycles
The figure above shows the recommended transponder positions and
their maximum heights. Since the transponder signal is limited in
strength a maximum mounting height should be obeyed. Higher
transponder positions (or positions blocking the signal) will dramatically
reduce the received signal strength.
Page 16 of 127
For motocross
Main and backup When you score a race the result must be available after the race at all
costs. For important races, many organizations have two systems to do
the timekeeping: one main Orbits system and one backup Orbits system
in the rare event where the main system fails.
Orbits 4 does not support this main and backup configuration by itself;
each separate system needs an operator for starting/stopping the race.
Main and backup
configuration I
The latest type of decoders are equipped with both a serial (RS232)
and a network (TCP/IP) connection for communication.
Therefore it is possible to connect two computers running the Orbits
program to one decoder, giving a back-up for the timekeeping. If one
computer fails, one can still continue timekeeping on the second
computer.
Note: This back-up configuration does not give any back-up solution for
the decoder or detection loop. See the next paragraph for a this type of
back-up configuration.
Page 17 of 127
Main and backup
configuration II
When connecting a Main and Back-up decoder, the signal from coming
from the detection loops is split with help of a custom coax T-splitter
available from AMB. The coax T-splitter is best placed close near the
decoder. See the depiction below.
Splitting the signal coming from the detection loop will result in loosing
approximately 10 points in signal strength from the transponder. Check
the transponder passing whether the decoder receives a sufficient
strong transponder signal. (strength min. 100, or 60 points above the
background noise. Also see Signal Strength, Hits and Noise)
Note: When two or three detection loops are used, they are split and
connected to the main and back-up decoder in the same way.
TR ACK
M AIN DECO DER
CO AX C ABLE
CO AX T-SPLITTER
B AC K-UP DECO DER
Page 18 of 127
Hardware Performance testing
Once the system has been installed, it should be tested to make sure that
it is functioning correctly. We also recommend repeating the same
procedure at the start of each race event. This chapter describes the
tests to perform to ensure your timing system is functioning properly.
Page 19 of 127
Testing the loop Step 1 > Connect the detection loop(s) to a decoder and computer
running Orbits. Check the background noise, which is updated every 5
seconds in the Timing tab of Orbits 4. The background noise level
should be between 0 and 40. A higher value may indicate interference
by other electrical equipment in the area or a bad loop installation
(broken wiring, bad soldering connection, oxidized connections, etc).
Try switching off any suspected equipment or removing nearby objects
and check for improvements. Especially at night, short-wave radios may
cause a slightly increased background noise.
Step 2 > If no signal is received and the detection loop installation
seems to be correct, the coax to the connection box or BNC connector
may be faulty. Both can be easily checked. Take a multimeter and set it
to measure resistance. Connect or hold one probe to the center pin of
the coax cable and connect or hold the other probe to the shielding of
the BNC connector. This measurement should read about 100 kOhm.
When this value is measured it still does not give any assurance that
the connection box itself is OK, however tells that the connection to the
connection box is OK.
Step 3 > If a detection loop has been correctly installed, a transponder
should be picked up at the same distance from the detection loop at all
positions along the detection loop. To test this, stand at one end of the
detection loop about 8m (25 ft) away and hold a transponder
approximately 60cm (2 ft) off the ground. Walk slowly towards the
detection loop. You will hear a beep in the headphones attached to the
decoder when the transponder is detected. Mark the spot where the
transponder was detected. Repeat the process for the middle and other
end of the detection loop and do the same coming from the other
direction. The detection distance from the loop should be approximately
the same for all positions.
Step 4 > Check the signal strengths of the transponders as they are
picked up by the system during a reality test. A good loop will yield
consistent transponder signal strengths of at least 100 with a hit rate of
at least 20. The hit rate may vary depending on the speed of the
transponder passings (slower passings will yield higher hit counts) but
the signal strength should be consistent (< 10 points variation) for the
same car.
Page 20 of 127
Signal, noise and hits The parameters signal strength; background noise and number of hits
describes the overall performance of decoders and transponders.
During the crossing of transponders the signal is repeatedly received by
the decoder. The number of repeated contacts is the number of hits. On
each hit the transponder number and status is received by the decoder.
Since the number of hits may vary a lot depending on the speed when
passing the detection loop, a typical value cannot be given. However
normally values of 20 and higher are seen.
The average background noise is sent by the decoder every 5 seconds.
The background noise indicates the amount of interference received in
the TranX frequency range. Since mobile communications do not
interfere with the TranX system, a person standing near the detection
loop, using a mobile phone will not result in an increase of background
noise. Typical values are in the range of 0 to 40.
If the noise level is higher, the received transponder signal strength
should be 60 above the noise level to ensure a perfect functioning of
the system.
The transponder signal strength normally is quite constant between
passings of the same transponder. For all TranX systems the received
transponder signal strength always should have a minimum of 100.
Page 21 of 127
Getting started
This chapter guides you through the installation process of Orbits.
Page 22 of 127
System requirements The minimum hardware specifications to run the Orbits program are:
 IBM Compatible Pentium III processor or better (1 GHz)
 512 MB Memory, 1024 MB Recommend
 Approximately 100 MB of hard disk space and a free COM Port
 CD-Rom player
 Network adapter
 Operating systems:
o Windows 2000
o Windows XP
o Windows Vista
Administrator You need to have administrator rights in order to install and run the
program.
Installation The Orbits program is supplied on a CD-ROM. To install the Orbits
program:
 Put the CD-ROM in your CD-ROM player
 The setup program will start automatically (if your computer
does not support this Auto run function, please run the
Orbits_4_Setup.exe program in the Orbits directory on the CDROM)
 Follow the instructions of the installation program
Shortcuts to Orbits are added under the Start menu and on your
desktop.
Activate the program When you start Orbits for the first time, you will see the Activation
wizard that will help you to activate and personalize your copy of Orbits.
To perform the activation, an Internet-connection is required.
You can activate Orbits in two ways:
 Activate online > This will perform the activation on the
computer Orbits is installed on. This way of activating is
recommended.
 Activate with help of another computer > Use this option
only, when it is not possible to connect the main computer – the
one you installed Orbits on - to the Internet.
Page 23 of 127
Activate Online
To activate online, enter your unique serial number and click „Next >>‟.
The serial number can be found on the back of the Orbits manual.
In the page that follows, you have to enter login-information from an
existing AMB account. This can be one of the following accounts:
 Account for the AMB support website
 Mylaps.com account that you have used for uploading results to
the internet.
If you don‟t have either of these accounts, you can also create a new
AMB account here.
On the next screen, you can enter your registration information for
Orbits.
Important: The organization name you enter, cannot be changed
afterwards, and will be visible on the bottom of your print-outs.
Once you‟ve entered the registration information, the wizard is complete.
You can start Orbits by clicking the „Finish‟ button.
Page 24 of 127
Activate with another
computer
To activate with another computer, choose „Activate with help of another
computer‟ in the 2nd step of the wizard and click „Next >>‟.
The wizard will provide you with a computer code that you will need
during the activation process. Write down that computer code, and visit
http://activate.amb-it.com/ on a computer with Internet-connectivity.
On the website, enter your serial number and the generated computer
code. The file that contains your license information can be saved on a
USB storage device or a floppy disk. The website will provide a small
license file. With that file, return to the computer with Orbits 4, and
import the generated file into the wizard by clicking the „Browse‟ button.
If the file is OK, the „Next >> „ button will be enabled. Click it to
complete the activation process. Orbits is now fully registered and will be
started as soon as you press the finish button.
Page 25 of 127
Firewalls You may experience problems if you have a firewall in place that does
not allow the Orbits 4 to pass through the firewall.
Open the following holes in your firewall for Orbits 4:
Port 51604 TCP – to communicate with an Orbits Remote
Port 5400 TCP/UDP – to communicate with the decoder
Port 5403 TCP/UDP – to communicate with the decoder
Port 80 TCP -- HTTP protocol (For uploading results to Mylaps.com)
For Windows XP users:
There is an Internet connection firewall on the Windows XP system. By
default it is disabled. But it may be enabled so requests may be blocked
by the firewall. To configure the Internet connection firewall of Windows
XP, please follow these steps:
Open Network Connections (Click Start, click Control Panel, and then
double-click Network Connections.)
Click the Dial-up, LAN or High-Speed Internet connection, and then,
under Network Tasks, click Change settings of this connection.
On the 'Advanced' tab, click the 'Settings...' button.
Click on the 'Exceptions...' button.
Click the 'Add Port...' button to add a service.
Page 26 of 127
Language setup Orbits supports multiple languages. The choice of language can be
changed before, or after the race. The language can be changed by
selecting Help – Change Language, followed by selecting the required
language from the drop-down list. If your language is not listed, please
contact AMB i.t. for the availability.
Help Orbits features an in-depth built-in Windows Help File accessible by
selecting Help – Contents or pressing „F1‟ in the program.
Page 27 of 127
Overview
This chapter deals with the configuration and setup of Orbits.
Page 28 of 127
Starting Orbits The Orbits program can be started by double-clicking the Orbits
shortcut icons on the Windows desktop or via the Windows Start
button. Orbits can be found under Programs –> Orbits 4.
Orbits consists of two programs, the Orbits interface and the Orbits
server. The Orbits server is running in the background and is started
automatically when you start the Orbits program.
Orbits The Interface consists of five sections:
 Event Setup > In this section you can schedule race events
and perform the system setup, monitor the system status and
connect to your decoder(s).
 Registration > In this section you can manage your time
schedule and enter competitor data. Orbits uses a database to
store all known competitors.
 Timing > The timing section gives access to functions that are
relevant during different stages of a timed run, e.g. functions
related to runs, competitors in a run and passing data.
 Processing > This section includes the functionality to
organize run results and is used after a run has finished. The
processing section hosts different functions like printing results,
creating starting grids, assigning points to a run and merging
results.
 Championship > This championship section includes the
functionality to organize and manage the championship
standings.
Page 29 of 127
Orbits Server The Orbits Server is a separate program running in the background. It
handles the communication with the AMB decoder, stores the passings
and calculates the results. When the Orbits server is running, the
following icon will appear on the Windows taskbar at the bottom right
part of your screen. This server should always be running when you use
Orbits.
The Orbits server icon.
Note: The visible parts of the program, the Orbits user interface, are
separate from the Orbits Server. This means that if the Orbits interface
is accidentally shut down, the server is still running and decoder records
will continue to be stored and processed. After restarting Orbits, the
race can be continued without loss of data. The server is started
automatically when the Orbits program is started. When the Orbits
program is shut down, the Orbits server will keep running. Shutting
down the server is only possible by clicking the right mouse button on
the server icon and selecting Exit Orbits Server.
Page 30 of 127
Remote console In Orbits it‟s possible to make a remote connection with an Orbits Server
that‟s running on a different computer. The remote connection is created
to allow you to do remote race administration including
registration/results processing. The Remote Console offers the following
features:
 Registration screen
 Processing screen
 Championship screen
Installation
The installation for the remote Orbits computer can be found on the
Orbits 4 cd in Orbits\Orbits_4_Remote_Setup.exe.
Remote console
configuration
Setting up a connection between Orbits (Main, with timekeeping tab) and
maximum 2x Orbits Remote can be done as follows:
Setup of 1 Orbits main program and 2x Orbits Remote programs
This means you can connect maximum 2x Orbits Remote computers to
the Orbits main computer in parallel. To setup a connection between the
Orbits main and Orbits Remote program, the Orbits main program needs
to be started first.
Note: be aware that a connection between an Orbits main and Orbits
Remote computer requires the same version of the Orbits program on
Page 31 of 127
both computers!
Network connections
If 2 or more computers are connected with each other via a switch,
please make sure they are operating within the same network range.
Start up Orbits Main first (PC3) and then start up Orbits Remote on the
2nd computer (e.g. PC2). Then double click on the name of the computer
or select the computer by clicking and press connect in the „Orbits
Remote Connection‟-dialog (see example).
Check if there is an Orbits pc in the network to connect to with your
Orbits Remote computer. If the computer name or IP address doesn‟t
appear automatically, click on “Server not in list” and enter the IP address
of the Orbits main pc (e.g. IP address of PC3, 192.168.1.25) in the
textbox that appears.
Although it is only possible to connect to 1 Orbits main computer with a
Orbits Remote program, you might have 2 computers, which are running
the Orbits main program (see below example).
Setup of 2 Orbits main programs and 1 Orbits Remote program
If these 2 computers are connected within a network together with a
Orbits Remote computer, the Remote computer will scan both Orbits main
computers (see Orbits Remote program example). In this way you are
able to choose which Orbits main program you want to connect to.
Page 32 of 127
Managing data Orbits automatically save all data. If you want to make a backup of
your data use the Restore & Backup data wizard.
The Restore & Backup menu can be found under File – Backup or
Restore Data.
Create a backup To backup the data, click on the Create menu. Select the filename to
make a backup of your data.
Note: A Orbits backup file can be recognized by the extension “.obf”.
Restore a backup Select the folder that contains the backup file. Click on the Next button
to restore the data.
Note: If you want to restore Orbits 1 data files, select the folder that
contains the Orbits 1 data.
Important: When you restore data, all of your existing data will be
replaced with the restored data!
After the sessions When making a back-up of your computer, it is also a good idea to
make a back-up of the data after each event or day of the event. Orbits
will give a warning when you close the program to backup your data.
Page 33 of 127
General settings The Orbits Gerneral Settings options apply to all new subsequent events
and runs. The General Settings can be found under Tools - Options and
are divided up into different tabs:
 General
 Run Defaults
 Starting Grid
 Oval Defaults
 Driver ID Defaults
For each competitor in the competitor database, there are eight
additional data fields that can be used for data specified by the user. In
this tab you can name the headers of these data fields. Additional data
fields 1, 3, 5 and 7 are drop-down boxes that store previously entered
values, it is recommended that you use these for information that can
be the same for multiple competitors (e.g. nationality).
Run defaults
The run settings in this part will become the default values for all
successive runs. The settings can of course be changed for each
individual run.
Starting grid
In this part you can select the preferred layout of a starting grid.
Oval Defaults
When a yellow, yellow not counting or red flag situation occurs during a
race, the program automatically generates the lineup if the oval features
are enabled in the general settings. Depending on the lineup method
and the lineup scheme, the program automatically generates the lineup.
Lineup Method
Back to Last Completed Lap > The program will go back
to the last completed lap. Therefore all the passings in the
current lead lap will be marked as deleted. The program will
generate the lineup immediately.
Race up to the Yellow > The program allows the leader
to complete his lap. The program will make the lineup after
the leader completes the current lap.
Lineup Scheme
Current Track Order > The program will use the current
track order at the yellow or red flag situation for the lineup
scheme.
Race up to the Yellow > The program will use the
current race results at the yellow or red flag situation for
the lineup scheme.
Sandbagging
This feature will allow you to apply the „sandbagging rule‟ on
the qualify time. The time specified will be deducted from the
qualify time when creating a starting grid.
Driver ID Defaults
Enabling this feature, allows you to assign up to 6 transponders per
Page 34 of 127
„team‟. See timing for more information.
Page 35 of 127
Event Setup
This chapter describes how a race event can be prepared and how you
need to configure your timing system setup.
Page 36 of 127
Overview Open the event setup page of the program by clicking on the
Event Setup button at the top of the program or by pressing
CTRL + 1.
Event management
Orbits stores the race result per event. This means that prior to each
event you hold, a new event has to be created in Orbits. Since an event
is run at a track, you also need to specify your timing system setup.
The current selected event is displayed at the top left of the screen.
Create an event You can create a new event from the Event Setup page. Click on Create
a new event to start the „New Event wizard‟. Now the wizard will guide
you through this process.
Event settings You can specify the following info on the first page of the wizard.
Event Name:
The name of the event.
Description:
The description of an event. This information will also be displayed on
Mylaps.com when you upload the Event.
Sport:
The type of sport for this event. This information will also be displayed
on Mylaps.com when you upload the Event.
Begin Date and End Date:
The begin and the end date of the event.
Event Footer 1, 2, 3, 4
The text that should be displayed on the footer of the printouts.
System Setup The wizard will ask which timing system setup you are using. You have
to option to create a new system setup or to select a setup that was
used add a previous event. More information about track creation can be
found in the system setup section.
Page 37 of 127
Track Details Name
The name of the new track.
Length
The length of the track is used to calculate the speed shown on the
qualifying and race results. Depending on unit of the track length
specified (kilometers or miles), the speed (during the race and in the
results) will be shown in km/h or mph.
Driving direction
Select the driving direction of your track.
Use photocells
Select this option when you want to use photocells as backup time
keeping system. Connect the photocells to the start/finish decoder. More
information about photocells can be found in Appendix A of this manual.
Photocell timeout
When photocells are connected to the decoder, Obits uses the photocell
inputs as a back-up source for timing. If a competitor with a transponder
is passing the finish line, Orbits will receive both photocell time and
transponder time from the decoder, and assign them to the same
passing. If a competitor without a transponder passes the finish line,
Orbits only receives a photocell time and will ask you to identify the
competitor number.
The photocell timeout is used to set the time Obits will wait for a
transponder input after receiving a photocell input. The value is default
set to 2000msec. The lower this value, the sooner Obits will generate an
alarm if a competitor without a transponder is detected by the photocell.
Photocell separation
The separation is used by Orbits to determine whether a photocell time
can be assigned to a transponder passing time. The smaller this value,
the more accurate Orbits will be able to detect competitors without a
transponder. If the separation is set too small, a competitor with a
transponder, passing the finish line, will also generate a photocell time,
for which Orbits will ask you to identify the competitor number.
Page 38 of 127
Track configuration Next step is to select your track configuration. Depending on the number
of timelines on your track you can select your configuration from the list.
The following configurations are installed by default.
The track layout shows the timelines on the track. Each timeline has a
unique name in this configuration. Orbits have several built-in
configurations available.
If your configuration is not listed, please contact your local AMB office.
1 Timeline Orbits offers the following configurations with 1 timeline.
Start/Finish
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
2 Timelines Orbits offers the following configurations with 2 timelines.
Start/Finish, Start/Finish Pits
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Pits (Lap counter)
Start/Finish, Intermediate 1
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Intermediate 1
This configuration will create section 1 and section 2 times.
Start/Finish, Pits (No Lap counter)
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Pits (Pit counter, will not count for lap)
Start/Finish, Start/Finish Speed (Speed trap before
start/finish)
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Speed
This configuration will create a start/finish speed section.
Start/Finish, Start/Finish Speed (Speed trap after start/finish)
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Speed
This configuration will create a start/finish speed section
Page 39 of 127
3 Timelines Start/Finish, Start/Finish Pits
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Pits (Lap counter)
Start/Finish, Intermediate 1, Intermediate 2
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Intermediate 1
- Intermediate 2
This configuration will create section 1 and section 2 and section 3
times.
Start/Finish, Pits (No Lap counter), Intermediate 1
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Pits (Lap counter)
- Intermediate 1
This configuration will create section 1 and section 2 times.
Start/Finish, Start/Finish Pits, Start/Finish Speed (Speed trap
before start/finish)
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Pits (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Speed
This configuration will create a start/finish speed section.
Start/Finish, Start/Finish Pits, Start/Finish Speed (Speed trap
after start/finish)
- Start/Finish (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Pits (Lap counter)
- Start/Finish Speed
This configuration will create a start/finish speed section.
Sections Next step is to fill in the section names and length. Depending on your
selected configuration the program will ask you to fill in the section
names and section length.
Name
The description of a logical section.
Short Name
The short description of this logical section will be used in the result
screens. It can be 6 characters long.
Length
Length of the section. This number has to be very accurate, as it will be
used in speed calculations. This number will either be in kilometers or
miles depending on the used length unit (kilometers or miles).
Note: For a speed trap it is required to fill in the track length.
Page 40 of 127
Decoders After you have created your event and configured your timing system
setup, you can select your decoders. Orbits can be used with all TranX,
TranX2, Activ, AMB MX, ChipX and TranX Pro TranX3 compatible
decoders.
Note: Decoders other than the TranX3 decoder can only be used as a
start/finish decoder.
Connect to a decoder To connect to an AMB decoder, you can double click on a timeline, or
choose register a new decoder from the system setup tasks. Now the
„Decoder Connection Wizard‟ will open. The wizard first scans the
network for available decoders. On the first page all decoders that are
found in the network are listed on the screen. Select the decoder you
want to use and click on the Next button.
Now the program will try to make a connection to the decoder. If the
decoder is successfully connected, the decoder details screen will open.
If the decoder is marked with warning icon or if your decoder is not
displayed in the list, see Connection issues for more details.
COM Port
If the decoder is attached to the serial-port of the computer, you must
add the decoder manually by selecting the COM Port option from the
selection list.
Page 41 of 127
Now you need to select the COM Port from the choice list.
Network
If your decoder is connected to your network, but not in your list, you
must add the decoder manually by selecting Network option from the
selection list.
Now you need to enter the IP address of the decoder. See connection
issues for more info about the decoders IP address.
Page 42 of 127
Connection issues Serial number is red?
If the serial number is highlighted red, this means you need to upgrade
your decoder firmware. To update a decoder go to the support section
of the AMB i.t. website (http://support.amb-it.com) or click the button
Check for available updates (Online).
IP address has a warning icon?
If the IP Address is not in the same network range as the computer a
warning icon will appear. This means that you need to change the IP
Address of the decoder. You can do this by right clicking on the decoder
and select change decoder settings. You can now connect to your
decoder by selecting it from the list and hit the Next button.
My decoder is not in the list?
If your decoder is not listed first check if it is powered on and that all
connectors are firmly in place. If it still does not connect it is possible
that the decoder has an old firmware version. Manually connect to the
decoder by selecting the network option and hitting the next button.
You can now enter your IP Address, hit the Next button to connect. If it
connects it means that the decoder firmware needs to be updated. It is
possible to do timing in compatibility mode, but some new features will
not be supported.
Check timing system
setup
If all decoders seem to work properly, it is time to check the system
setup and generate passings on each decoder.
Therefore you can start the Timing System Setup Check. This can be
started by selecting Check timing system setup.
This wizard will guide you through some simple steps to check your
timing system setup. With this test you can verify that all decoder(s) are
connected and configured properly.
You need a transponder to check your timing system setup. Please
specify the number of the transponder that you will use for this test.
This transponder will be used to check of the decoders. With this you
can check if all decoders are working and if the timelines are configured
properly.
Page 43 of 127
Synchronization Each decoder has its own clock. These clocks are used for time stamping the
passings. When you have multiple decoders all clocks need to be
synchronized to one main clock. To synchronize the clocks of all decoders,
Orbits uses one of the following principles:
Track Side Box
If you have multiple decoders in a Track Side Box, the decoder clocks are
synchronized by the controller.
GPS
If you use multiple decoders for timing that are on several locations around
the track, all decoders needs to be synchronized by GPS. The accuracy of
the GPS system is well known. It is the highest quality time-transfer system
readily available and affordable. The only requirement is a clear view of the
sky. Once a decoder has an active GPS connection the internal clock of the
decoder is set to UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). The advantage of a
decoder with an active GPS connection is that the decoder handles its own
time synchronization. When all decoders in the network have active GPS
connections you can be sure that their clocks will be perfectly synchronized
at all times.
Time-zone If your decoders are synchronized by GPS, the current system time-zone
settings control how Orbits converts between GPS time to local time. Orbits
will use the system time-zone settings for selecting the time-zone. You can
see the system time-zone by opening the decoder details screen.
Note: If you change your system time-zone, you need to restart Orbits
before these settings take effect. Orbits will give a warning message when
you change the system time-zone.
GPS Status
Red icon means that a GPS module is attached to the decoder, but that the
module is not synchronized to GPS yet.
Yellow icon means that the decoder clock has been synchronized with GPS,
but the GPS module doesn‟t receive records at this time (lost GPSconnection).
Green icon means that the decoder clock is synchronized with GPS.
The number of satellites found is a good indication of the GPS signal quality.
You can see the number of satellites in the decoder details screen.
Warnings and
errors
Decoder is synchronized by GPS, but the signal is lost.
Make sure that the GPS module which is attached to the decoder has a clear
view of the sky. If the decoder is positioned between a lot of metal objects,
try moving it around a little. Sometimes you have to find a „sweet spot‟. The
number of satellites found is a good indication of the signal quality. You can
see the number of satellites in the decoder details screen.
Page 44 of 127
Decoder is not synchronized to a controller or by GPS
No GPS device is attached to the decoder or it is not recognized as such.
The decoder is now relying on its internal clock to retain timing accuracy.
Even though this clock is very accurate, a GPS connection is preferred. You
can check the connector of the GPS device. It may be loose or dirty, try
another GPS device on the same decoder, the device or the wire may be
broken.
No GPS device attached to the decoder
No GPS device is attached to the decoder or it is not recognized as such.
The decoder is now relying on its internal clock to retain timing accuracy.
Even though this clock is very accurate, a GPS connection is preferred.
- Check the connector of the GPS device. It may be loose or dirty.
- Try another GPS device on the same decoder, the device or the wire may
be broken.
Decoder is synchronized to a different controller
The decoder is synchronized by a different controller. When you don‟t use
GPS, make sure that all decoders are synchronized by the same controller.
Page 45 of 127
Timing system
status
On the system setup page you can see the status of your system setup.
The image displays your current system status.
There is an active connection with the decoder.
A question marks means that no decoder is selected for that timeline.
Double click on the timeline to select a decoder.
A red dot means that the connection to the decoder is lost. Right click on the
decoder to reconnect.
If you move the mouse pointer above the timeline you get an info tip with
detailed information.
Page 46 of 127
Timeline status In the timeline status screen you can see the status of each timeline and
find detailed information about a decoder if connected.
The left part of the screen displays the status of the timeline.
There is an active connection with the decoder.
A question marks means that no decoder is selected for that timeline.
Double click on the timeline to select a decoder.
A red dot means that the connection to the decoder is lost. Right click on the
decoder to reconnect.
Show passings To analyze the transponders on a timeline you can open the timeline
passings screen. You can open this screen by selecting the timeline and then
choose Show passings..
Hits
The number of hits of the last passing
Strength
The strength of the last passing for that transponder.
Noise
The noise during the last passing.
Noise The background noise in combination with the signal strength is the most
important indicator of the performance of the hardware system. If a decoder
is connected to the computer, the background noise will be indicated in the
timeline status screen, which can be found on the Event Setup page.
Page 47 of 127
The average background noise is sent to the computer by the decoder every
five seconds. The normal value for the background noise is between 0 and
30. An increased value of the background noise may indicate interference. If
the background noise is higher, the received transponder signal strength
should be 60 units above the background noise to ensure a reliable
detection of the transponder.
A high background noise level may be indicated for a longer period of time
than the actual duration of high noise levels. If no 5 second time interval
passes without any transponder passings occurring, the background noise
measurement is taken. Therefore the higher (and at that moment incorrect
value) is shown again. Any electrical switch in the area, or (usually at night)
short-wave radio stations can cause peaks in the background noise.
Electronic equipment or a bad hardware system installation may also cause
an increased background noise. Please refer to your AMB Hardware Manual
for further information.
Page 48 of 127
Track records Orbits support an automatic registration of track records per class. All
existing track records can be entered into Orbits by using the „Track
Records Editor‟. The editor can be shown by selecting the Track records
task found on the taskbar on the left side of the system setup page.
The Track Records Editor gives you an overview of all existing track
records. Track records that are not present in the Orbits system can be
added manually by selecting the New task on the left. If a new track
record is set during a race, the dialog below will be shown:
This allows the timekeeper to accept or deny a new track record. If the
new track record is accepted, it will replace the current track record. If
there is no track record defined for a class, the new track record dialog
will never appear for that class.
Note : If the laptime is below the minimum laptime, the lap will not
count for a track record.
Page 49 of 127
Registration
This chapter describes how you can enter your time schedule and
competitors and which tasks need to completed to begin timing your
event.
Page 50 of 127
Overview Open the registration page of the program by pressing the
Registration button at the top of the program.
Competitor Database All competitors are stored in one competitor database. This database,
which is organized by class, can be used for every race event. The
competitor database can be shown by clicking on the Show
competitor database option on the taskbar on the left from the
registration screen or by hitting the „F3‟ function key.
To create a new competitor, right click in the competitor screen and
select New Competitor.
You can search the database for specific competitors using the Search
bar. To show all competitors again, click the Show All button.
Competitor classes In the competitor database, the competitors are stored in classes. A
competitor can belong to only one class. If a competitor competes in
more than one class, he has to be entered separately for each class.
When a class is selected (on the left) in the class list, only the
competitors in that class are shown. When multiple classes are selected,
the competitors in the selected classes are shown. When you press
Show All, all competitors in the database are shown. A class is created
automatically when it is entered for a new or existing competitor. You
can also create a class by right mouse clicking on the list of classes and
selecting Make a new class.
To make identification easy, competitors that are in the same class are
marked with the same helmet.
Page 51 of 127
Competitor Details The following information can be entered for a competitor:
No Orbits accepts 4-digit alphanumeric car/bike numbers.
Class
In the Class drop down box, all classes from the Competitor Database
are listed. If a class was selected on selecting Add Competitor, this
class will be pre-selected. You can either select an existing class or fill
out a new one.
Transponder/2nd Transponder
It is only necessary to fill out the transponder number(s) if the
competitor has his/her own personal transponder(s). The 2nd
transponder field can be used in case a car is equipped with a new
transponder during a session.
Car/Bike Reg.
The car/bike registration number is a unique number for a car/bike (e.g.
chassis number). If you do not know this number you can let Orbits
generate a unique number for you by selecting Auto generate.
Note: The combination of car/bike registration number and driver
registration number is unique for each competitor. It is used by Orbits as
a key, and cannot be modified. Therefore it is important to enter this
information accurately.
First Name/Last Name
The first and last name fields must be filled out carefully to make the
sorting on name work correctly. If you want „Mc Donalds‟ to be sorted
on „Donalds‟, please place „Mc‟ in the first name field. In the results on
screen and on printouts, the full name will be printed as a combined
string, with first name and last name after each other. If you want the
program to first display the last name and then the first name, please
enter the last name in the First Name field and vice versa.
Driver Reg.
The driver registration number is a unique number for a driver (e.g.
license number). If you do not know this number you can let Orbits
generate a unique number for you by selecting Auto generate.
Note: The combination of car/bike registration number and driver
Page 52 of 127
registration number is unique for each competitor. It is used by Orbits as
a key, and cannot be modified. Therefore it is important to enter this
information accurately.
Additional data fields
In the additional data fields you can enter any necessary additional data
on the competitor. Headings for all additional data fields can be named
in the General Settings (Tools-> General Settings from the main menu).
For three of the additional data fields the value can either be entered by
hand or selected from a drop down box, which contains all previous
entries.
To enter another competitor select the Next button. Once all competitor
information is entered select the OK button.
Managing competitors By clicking the right mouse button on a competitor in the Competitor
database a pop-up menu will appear for adding, editing or deleting
competitors. Shortcut keys are indicated on the right side of the options
pop-up menu.
Adding new competitors:
To add a new competitor, click right mouse button anywhere on the
competitor database and choose Add competitor.
Editing existing competitors:
If you want to edit a competitor, highlight the corresponding row in the
competitor database, click the right mouse button and choose Edit. To
select more than one competitor, press and hold Shift or Ctrl while
highlighting them.
If you have selected multiple competitors to edit, the bottom part of the
Modify Competitor screen will show how many competitors you have
to go (e.g. „To do: 5‟).
Deleting competitors:
To delete one or more competitors, highlight them, click the right mouse
button and select Delete. You will be asked to confirm that you want to
delete the selected competitors.
Note: this question will only be asked once, even if you have selected
multiple competitors for deletion.
Page 53 of 127
Import competitors From the competitor database, you can start importing competitors from
a file. Click on Import competitors to start the import wizard.
The „Import competitors wizard‟ guides you trough this process.
After selecting the file you would like to import, you can set the relations
between the Orbits-fields and the fields in the file. Below the field
selection, the wizard shows a preview of how the competitors will be
imported.
It is possible to save the selected column setup as a template. This
makes it easier to import the same file format next time. If you import
an Orbits exported competitor file, the wizard automatically recognize
the fields in the file and will skip this page.
On the next page you can make a selection of the competitors you
would like to import. Use the checkboxes to select or deselect the
competitors.
The final page will give you an overview of all successfully imported
competitors
Export competitors From the Competitor database, you can export competitors to file. Click
on Export competitors to start the „Export competitors wizard’.
The „Export competitors wizard‟ guides you trough this process. After
selecting the file you like to export to, you can specify which competitors
you want to export. There are three options:
Export the selected competitors: Export the selected competitors only.
Export the competitors that are currently shown: Export the competitors
that are currently displayed
Export the complete competitor database: Export the complete
competitor database.
The final page will give you the option to open the exported file.
Page 54 of 127
Club transponders The Club Transponder Table is designed to facilitate race series that own
their own pool of rental transponders and assign them to a new
competitor before each event. Instead of typing the full transponder
number in the competitor information, a 1-3 digit number can be used.
The Club Transponder Table can be found under Tools – Club
Transponder Table. On the right side of the Club Transponder Table
window, the full transponder numbers are shown; on the left the
corresponding short reference numbers.
To enter a new club transponder, select the New task on the taskbar on
the left. A dialog will appear. Fill in the appropriate transponder and
reference number. Editing or deleting a club transponder can also be
done from the taskbar on the left.
Groups For each event Orbits has the possibility to define groups of competitors.
This makes it easier to organize the competitors in the event. When you
have an event where competitors from different classes race together,
you can define a group for these competitors.
So groups can be used to organize competitors in an event. The
registration screen shows competitors that have entered the current
event, divided into groups. If you select a group in the left part of the
screen, the right part of the screen will show the competitors in these
groups. An event must always contain at least one group.
The groups and runs tree expands and contracts like the directory
structure of a Windows computer.
Only competitors listed in a group can be timed during the current
event. If you do not know which competitors have entered the event,
but you do have all of them listed in your competitor‟s database, you can
copy the complete database to one group. Also if you do not want to
divide competitors into different groups, you still have to copy either all
competitors or just those competitors entered for the current event into
one group. When all competitors have been entered into groups, the
event schedule for each group can be created.
Page 55 of 127
Create a group You can create a new group by starting the group wizard. Start the
wizard by clicking on Create a new group under the group tasks. Now
the Group Wizard will start.
You first need to enter the group name and group description After
selecting this, you can enter the Time schedule for the group.
Each group prepared for an event can hold a series of runs. To add a
new run to this group, you can click on the Add Run button. Then
select the name, type and start time of the run. Click on the Advanced
button to enter the detailed run settings.
Page 56 of 127
Run settings
A new run can be created by right clicking on a group and select New
Run from the menu. To edit or delete a run, right click on a run and
select Modify or Delete .
A dialog box will appear with the following settings:
Name
The name of the timed session.
Short Name
This name is used when a merge result is created.
Date
The scheduled date of the session.
Time
The scheduled time of the session.
Type
Practice: The results are sorted on best laptime.
Single car qualifying: The results are sorted on best laptime.
Qualify: The results are sorted on best laptime.
Race: The results are sorted on laps and total time.
Start Method
This property indicates how the start of the race is defined. The
possibilities are:
 Start on First Passing > the elapsed time is measured from
the first passing after dropping the green or yellow flag.
 Start on Flag > the elapsed time is measured from the
dropping of the green or yellow flag. A session can also be
started using an external start pulse connected to the photocell
2 input of the AMB decoder. The external start pulse will result
in a green flag to be inserted. Run has to be in warm-up mode
in order to activate this function
 Staggered Start > Each competitor has his own starting time,
triggered by passing the start/finish line.
Count First Passing
If this option is set to Yes, the first passing of the start/finish line of
each vehicle will count as the first completed lap. Normally the first two
passings will count as one lap (one passing for starting and one passing
for completing the first lap). Whether or not to count the first passing is
dependent on several factors such as the distance between the starting
grid and the start/finish line (the detection loop). For instance, if the
starting grid is formed and is positioned close to the start/finish line, the
front-runners may already be detected by the system (as indicated by a
beep on the headphone) before Orbits is even started. In this case it
may be useful to set the Count First Passing option to Yes.
Note: You should try to grid the competitors at least 5m / 15 feet from
the detection loop to prevent premature detection.
Page 57 of 127
Auto Finish at Lap
When the first competitor reaches the number of laps specified in this
field, Orbits inserts a finish flag and marks all subsequent passings as
finished. Stopping the timing and scoring manually when all competitors
have finished is still required. When this setting is left at 0, Orbits will
not finish a session automatically.
Auto Finish at Time
When the race clock reaches the specified time entered in this field,
Orbits will automatically insert a finish flag and mark all subsequent
passings as finished. Stopping the timing and scoring manually when
all competitors have finished is still required. When this setting is left at
00:00, Orbits will not finish a session automatically. Note: When a
timeframe - measured in both laps and time - is specified, whichever
criteria are reached first is used to finish the race.
Auto Finish on time and laps
After the race clock reaches the specified time and after the first
competitor reaches the specified number of laps entered in these fields,
Orbits will automatically insert a finish flag and mark all subsequent
passings as finished. The race clock first has to reach the specified time
before the specified number of laps is starting to count down.
Auto Finish on time or laps
When the race clock reaches the specified time or the specified number
of laps entered in these fields, Orbits will automatically insert a finish
flag and mark all subsequent passings as finished.
Individual Finish on laps
Every competitor finishes individually after the given amount of laps.
Individual Finish on time
Every competitor finishes individually after the given amount of time.
Minimum laptime
Lap-times recorded below the specified minimum laptime will be
automatically invalidated and are displayed in red in the passing screen.
An invalidated passing will count as a lap, but will not be used for
determining best laptime. The minimum laptime value can be changed
at any time, also when timing a session.
Note: Passings with laptimes that are faster than 3 seconds will be
automatically deleted.
Qualification Requirements
This property indicates how competitors can qualify to appear on the
race results. The possibilities are:
 None > All competitors appear on the race result.
 Maximum Percentage of the best laptime > When
selected, you can specify a percentage of the best laptime of
this run. To appear on the results, a competitor must achieve a
laptime of no more than the specified percentage of the best
Page 58 of 127
laptime. This only applies to qualifying and practice results.
 Maximum % of the avg. best laptime of the top X > When
selected, you can specify a percentage and the number of
competitors from the top. To appear on the results, a competitor
must achieve a laptime of no more than the specified
percentage of the average best laptime of the specified top X
competitors. This only applies to qualifying and practice results.
 Minimum percentage of the leader total laps > When
selected you can specify a percentage. To appear on the results,
a competitor must complete at least the specified percentage of
laps of the leader. This only applies to printed results.
 Maximum number of competitors > When selected, you can
specify a position. All competitors from the specified position
down do not qualify. This applies to race, qualifying as well as
practice results.
Adding competitors to
groups
There are several ways to add competitors from the database to a
group. One way is to drag the competitors from the competitor
database. To add competitors from the competitor database (Hit „F3‟ to
show the competitor database) to the current group, highlight them,
hold the mouse button down and drag them onto the Competitors in
box on the bottom right part of the screen.
To add a new competitor you can also click the right mouse button on
the Competitors in box and select New competitor. This
way a new competitor can be added who is not in the competitor
database yet.
To remove competitors from the current group, highlight the
corresponding competitor in the Competitors in box,
click the right mouse button and select Delete. This will only remove the
competitor from this group.
To edit competitor information for the duration of the event, highlight
the corresponding competitor in the Competitors in box,
click the right mouse button and select Edit.
Competitors may also be moved or copied from one group to another,
by selecting them in the right part of the screen and dragging them to a
group in the left part of the screen.
Tip: Start an event by creating a group called “Event entries” and drag
all competitors that have entered the event to this group. Then you can
drag the competitors from this group to the different race groups.
Page 59 of 127
Modifying competitors When you drag a competitor from the competitor database into a group,
this competitor is now a copy of the original one. When you change a
competitor in the group, these changes are not automatically updated in
the competitor database; they only affect the current group. This allows
you to make temporary changes while a race is going on, e.g. when
somebody is using a different transponder or a different car number
during the event. The same applies to a competitor that you drag from a
group into a run. You can also add competitors to a group without
adding them to the database. When you want to update changes to a
higher or lower level, you can specify this by checking the corresponding
boxes in the competitor edit dialog while creating or modifying
competitors.
Page 60 of 127
Timing
This chapter describes the process of starting a race and the actual
timekeeping activities.
Page 61 of 127
Overview After preparing the race event, you can start racing. This part of the
manual describes the process of starting a race and the actual
timekeeping activities. All of this takes place in the Timing tab of the
program. When the Timing tab is selected, it will look like the figure
below. The screen is divided into three main sections: the Passings screen,
the Results Screen and the Lap Chart. The screens can be adjusted by
selecting the tool and dragging it to the preferred position. You
can hide and show the tool by clicking it with the left mouse
button.
Page 62 of 127
Timing a run To start a practice, qualifying or race session, check if the right track and
event are selected in the title bar. To change the selected track and/or
event go to the registration screen and select an event from the choice
box on the top screen. Before you can start a session you first have to
open the session. This can be done from the selection box on the top of
the timing screen.
Select the run from the selection list.
Starting a run
A run can be created by selecting Create new run from the taskbar.
After selecting the run, you can start it by clicking the green flag. You may
also use the F5 hotkey. Please note, however, that in order for the F5
hotkey to work, the Orbits program must be active and no other window
(another program) can be active.
Before starting to time the race, you may start that run in warm-up mode,
by clicking the purple warm-up flag. By doing this during the warm-up
laps, you may use these passing to check transponder relations (making
sure car number/driver in Orbits matches the car/driver on the track).
External start
After starting a session with a Warm-up flag, the green flag will be
initialized automatically when the decoder receives a Photocell 2 input
from the Auxiliary port. Please check you AMB hardware manual for wiring
details.
Flag situations The green, yellow, red and finish flag can be selected by clicking the flag
with the mouse or using the corresponding hotkeys. However, stopping
the actual timing of the race can only be done by clicking the stop button,
since no hotkey is made available.
A flag change is indicated in the passings screen by a separate line. For
each transponder passing the current flag situation is shown in the first
column of the passings screen. In the Passings Screen, flags may be
dragged into the correct position when dropped late or early.
Page 63 of 127
Warmup flag
Select the purple flag to start the warming up.
When the purple flag is active the laps will appear in
the Passing Screen, but will not count for the
results.
Green flag (F5)
Select the green flag to start the race or to change
from a yellow or red flag situation back to a green
flag. A stopped race can also be restarted by
selecting the green flag.
Yellow flag (F6)
Select the yellow flag when a full course yellow is
given. This flag will not affect the result.
Yellow flag Not Counting (Oval features only)
If the oval features are enabled, there is an option
to throw a yellow not counting flag. During this flag
situation the lap count is never increased but the
passings will still be registered.
Red flag (F7)
Select the red flag when a red flag situation occurs.
During a red flag situation the lap count is never
increased but the passings will still be registered.
Finish flag (F8)
After the finish flag is dropped, the next passing by
each competitor will be marked as finished and all
subsequent passings will be marked as extra and
will not affect the race/qualifying result.
Stop
Select the Stop button to stop the timing and
scoring for this session. Once a session is stopped,
successive transponder passings will not be
registered. The session can be restarted by
selecting the green flag (or pressing the F5 hotkey).
Stop a run Select the Stop button to stop the timing and scoring for this run. Once a
run is stopped, successive transponder passings will not be registered. The
run can be restarted by selecting the green flag (or pressing the F5
hotkey).
Page 64 of 127
Track chart The Track Chart is a graphical presentation of competitors that are on the
track. Each box represent a competitor and displays the following
information:
The car number
The expected time. This bar will update during the
lap. If a competitor is expected to pass start finish
the bar will be 100 % green.
When a competitor is running late, the green bar
will become red. This is an indication
that the competitor is in a slow lap, or that he is
out of the race.
The result marker.
The competitor is not active anymore.
The Track Chart can be sorted in 4 ways.
 On track position: This shows the order in which the
competitors have passed the detection loop in the last completed
lap. The leader is the first competitor.
 On result: This shows the order based on the current run results.
 On car number: Competitors are sorted on car number.
 On expected time: This shows the order in which competitors
are expected to pass start finish. The competitor at the top is
expected first.
To do this, right click in the Track Chart screen and choose the desired
option.
To show the passings of a specific competitor you can click on the
competitor box and select the Show Passings option. Now only the
passings of this competitor are shown in the Passings Screen. After you
selected this option, Clicking the Show All Passings button on the top of
the Passing Screen will show all passings of all competitors.
Page 65 of 127
Markers and colors The following markers can be shown at the right of the box. (Behind the
number)
Competitor passed in the current lap
Competitor missed one lap
Competitor missed 2 or more laps
Competitor improved position
Competitor is finished
Competitor is in the pits
The following icons can be shown at the left of the box. (In front of the
number)
Last passing of the competitor was a manual passing.
Last passing of the competitor was a photocell passing.
A battery indicates a transponder sending out a low battery
warning. The transponder of this competitor needs to be
recharged; the expected operating time left is between 0 and 12
hours and therefore the transponder needs to be charged before
the next run.
A yellow signal strength or number of hits indicates a value low.
Passings screen The Passings Screen displays all information from the start/finish and
start/finish pits timeline along with any manual additions to timing &
scoring (e.g. adding of a manual passing, inserting flags, etc.). A colored
horizontal line will appear each time a flag is activated. The color of the
flag corresponds with the color of the line.
Page 66 of 127
Indications in the
passing screen
Deleted passing: A deleted passing is marked gray
with a red cross in front of the passing. This passing is marked deleted;
the competitor will not be credited with a lap for this passing.
Low Battery Warning: A red competitor number indicates a
transponder sending out a low battery warning.
Laptime Violation: The laptime of this competitor is below the
indicated minimum laptime in the run properties. (If the laptime is faster
then 3 seconds, the laptime will be ignored)
Manual Passing: This is a manual passing and doesn‟t
have a photocell or transponder time associated with it.
Overall Best Laptime: A laptime in purple indicates an overall
best laptime for this competitor.
Personal Best Laptime: A laptime in green indicates a personal best
laptime for this competitor.
Pit passing: This passing was received on the pit detection loop
Delete passings Passings, which for some reason are not correct, can be deleted in the
Passings Screen; for instance when a technician walks past S/F with a
transponder in his pocket causing an unexpected passing. A deleted
passing will be interpreted as if it did not happen.
To delete one or more passings, select them in the Passings Screen, click
the right mouse button and select Delete Passing(s). All selected passings
are now marked deleted by a gray line with red characters and a red cross
before the line number.
Note: Deleted passings are not removed from the run - they are just
marked as deleted. Therefore it is still possible to undelete a deleted
passing (result): select the passing, click the right mouse button and
select Undelete (Passing).
Invalidate passings A passing that ends a lap, which for some reason (competitor took a
shortcut) should not be considered for best laptime, can be invalidated in
the Passings Screen. An invalidated passing will only be used to count a
lap
To invalidate a passing, select it in the Passings Screen, click the right
mouse button and select Invalidate Passing. The selected passing is now
marked invalid by a gray laptime with red characters.
When a laptime is lower that the minimum laptime specified for the run,
Orbits will popup a dialog to ask you if the passing should be deleted or
not.
Page 67 of 127
Moving flags and
manual passings
One of the main features of Orbits is the ability to change flag situations at
any time. Together with the ability to delete and undelete passings, add
and move manual passings, this makes the system very flexible and
powerful. To move a flag or a manual passing, click on it and drag the
passing to the new position.
The new time of the passing will be set to 0.001 seconds before or after
the passing it is dropped on. After a flag or manual has been moved, the
result of the race will be recalculated automatically.
Lapchart The Lapchart shows the passings in a way that is often used when
manually timing a race. At the top of the chart the lap count is displayed
and underneath in boxes the numbers of the passing competitors. The
colors of the boxes represent the color of the flag that was active at the
moment of the passing. In race mode each time the leader passes, a new
column is created. Clicking on a passing in the Lapchart, will select the
passing in the Passing Screen.
Page 68 of 127
Lapchart colors
Warmup flag
Green flag
Yellow flag
Red flag
Finish flag
Extra passings after finish
The content of a passing box gives extra information on the status of a
passing:
Pit
Indicates that this passing occurred on the pit start/finish
loop.
Low hits/strength
Indicates that this passing had a low hits and/or strength
warning.
Laptime violation
Indicates that the laptime of this passing is below the
minimum laptime or the passing has been invalidated.
Low battery
Indicates that the transponder is sending out a low battery
warning.
Manual Passing
Indicates that the passing is a manual passing.
Unlinked photocell
If a photocell „hit‟ cannot be linked to a transponder
passing it will appear as an unlinked photocell in the
lapchart.
Linked photocell
When a photocell has been assigned, the car number of
the competitor will appear in the box together with a small
yellow dot.
Deleted Passing
A red cross through the car number indicates that the
passing has been deleted.
Bold
Bold text indicates that this passing is in the same lap as
the leader. Car number 64 is at least one lap behind car
number 31, who is in the same lap as the leader.
Page 69 of 127
Result screen The Results Screen is used to display results during a practice,
qualification or race. This screen shows the current position of the drivers
and information like: lap count, total time, time difference with the leader
when they are in the same lap. When you right click in the results screen
you can modify the column settings by selecting the Choose Columns
option.
Official/Hidden results There are two ways to remove a competitor from the result. The first
option is to hide the competitor from the result by right mouse clicking the
competitor and selecting Hide competitor from result. When you hide a
competitor from the result, the data won't be lost and can easily be
recovered by selecting the Hidden Results button at the top of the results
screen. Select the competitor and right mouse click it to show the unhide
option Show Competitors on Result.
You can also permanently delete a competitor from the result when
necessary by right mouse clicking the competitor and selecting Remove
Competitor. If the removed competitor had passings, these will now
show as unrelated passings in the passing screen. The result of the
unrelated transponder is listed under hidden results.
Page 70 of 127
Result status When appropriate you can mark a competitor as Did not start (DNS), Did
not finish (DNF) or Disqualified (DQ) by right mouse clicking the
competitor and selecting the desired option. For the DNF and DQ status,
there is an option to send the competitor to the bottom of the results. On
the print-out the status of each competitor will be shown.
Active
The competitor is active.
DNS
The competitor wil be marked as Did Not Start and moved to the
bottom of the result.
DNF
The competitor wil be marked as Did Not Finish. If you don‟t
choose to move the competitor to the bottom of the result he will
keeps his position.
DQ
The competitor wil be marked as Disqualified. If you don‟t choose
to move the competitor to the bottom of the result he will keeps
his position.
Corrections and
penalties
Penalties can be given during and after timing a run. You can give
penalties to a competitor by selecting the competitor in the Results
Screen, right mouse clicking and selecting Corrections and Penalties. A
penalty on position can only be applied after the run is stopped.
A penalty can consist of a correction of Total time, Number of laps, Best
laptime, position and/or points. The penalized or corrected results will be
marked with an icon in the corresponding column of the result screen.
An overview of all penalties that have been given during a run can be seen
on the Process Page by clicking Penalties/Corrections on the left taskbar.
Page 71 of 127
Manual passings When the transponder of a competitor is not detected, that competitor
needs to be timed manually. Reasons for not detecting a transponder can
be an incorrect transponder position, a transponder that was not charged
or a completely missing transponder. If multiple transponders are not
detected, a bad loop installation may be a more likely cause for the
failures.
To insert a manual passing at the current race time you have to hit the
„F10‟ key. To insert a manual passing after a passing in the passing list, do
a right mouse click on the passing and select Insert a Manual Passing from
the pop-up menu. After inserting a manual passing you can drag it to
another position with your mouse.
A manual passing will show with a icon in the Passings Screen. You can
assign, or reassign it to a competitor by selecting it, clicking the right
mouse button and selecting Assign Competitor to Passing.
The Assign a Manual Passing dialog will pop up. It consists of two lists
sorted by Competitor number. The first list contains all competitors in the
current Run. The second list contains all competitors for which a manual
passing was previously added. A manual passing is assigned to a
competitor by selecting a name from one of the lists and clicking the
Assign button or hitting the Enter key. When you select Delete, the
manual passing will be deleted.
Note: The „F10‟ hotkey can be pressed at any time while a
race/qualification is running.
Laptimes from manual passings will always be invalidated and therefore
not count as best laptime. Multiple laps can also be added by right clicking
the competitor and selecting Corrections and Penalties. Photocell and
manual passings work similarly.
Page 72 of 127
Unrelated transponders If a transponder passes start/finish and the transponder number is
unknown in both the run and the group, the transponder will appear as an
unrelated transponder on screen.
A relation between transponder number and competitor can be created by
double clicking on the hidden competitor under “Unrelated competitors”.
In order to relate a competitor to a transponder you can choose one of
four options.
Quickly create a competitor
A new competitor with the given transponder number will be created.
Link transponder to an existing competitor
An existing competitor can be selected from the run, group or database.
The transponder will be linked to the selected competitor.
Keep unrelated, but show on results
No relation is created between a new or existing competitor but the
unrelated transponder number will be visible in the result.
Keep unrelated, don’t show on results
No relation is created between a new or existing competitor. The
unrelated transponder is not visible on the result. The unrelated
transponder will be visible under “Unrelated transponders” after clicking on
Page 73 of 127
the button “Show hidden competitors”.
Transponder switch When two competitors have accidentally switched their transponders, you
can manually switch them back. In the Passings Screen, select and right
mouse click a passing of one of the competitors. Select the Switch
Transponder(s) With… option and a list of competitors will appear.
Select the competitor the transponder needs to be switched with.
When more than two competitors have the wrong transponder you can
repeat the process.
Announcements Announcements can be used to make notes of official decisions made
during a run. E.g. Stop and Go Penalty for competitor, reason for red flag
etc. The announcements are printed in the official race result printout. To
add, modify or delete announcements by selecting Announcements from
the taskbar on the left of the screen and right click on the Announcement
Screen to select your task from the menu.
Note: Announcements will appear on Official Race Reports and on
Mylaps.com
Page 74 of 127
Driver ID Enabling this feature, allows you to assign up to 6 transponders per
„team‟. In the competitor details screen, you can specify the transponders
for the team by clicking on the Edit Transponders button.
There are 2 ways to support multiple drivers per team.
Unique transponder per competitor
Each driver per team has its own unique transponder. You can specify the
transponder number per driver.
Using the TranX pro driver id transponder
Using the TranX Pro system and its TranX Pro DriverID Transponders. The
TranX Pro DriverID transponders identify which of the teams‟ drivers are in
the car throughout the race. The driver data makes it easy for the
operator to keep track of who is on the track and what laptimes they are
turning.
Page 75 of 127
Edit a competitor Click on „Edit Transponders‟ button to assign the Transponder(s) for the
selected competitor.
If you use a transponder per competitor you need to fill in all the
transponder numbers.
If you use the TranX Pro DriverID transponder you only need to fill in one
transponder number.
Result and passing
screen
The program will display the name of the current driver in the resul screen
and in the passing screen. The name in the result screen will be updated
as soon as the new driver is detected by the decoder.As soon as a new
driver is detected the name.
Page 76 of 127
Oval features
Single car qualifying When the runtype is set to Single Car Qualifying, the program will switch
to Single Car Qualifying mode. This means that the program will time the
competitors individually. The number of competitors that are qualified on
best laptime, can be inputted in the run settings screen. This option is only
enabled if the run is a Single Car Qualifying run. The program will show
which competitor is qualifying at that moment.
Timing a Single Competitor
When a new competitor is on the track, insert the warm-up flag to start
timing the competitor. After the competitor has finished his warm-up laps
starts single car qualifying by inserting the green flag. Depending on the
number of laps stop the qualifying session of the competitor that is on the
track by inserting the finish flag. To start timing the next competitor insert
the warm-up flag again.
Note: when the number of laps is filled in, in the run settings screen (auto
finish laps), the program can automatically insert a finish flag. If the
option Automatically inserts a Finish Flag is checked and the number of
laps is reached, the program automatically inserts a finish flag.
Select other qualifier
The program will automatically select the first competitor after the
warmup flag as the current competitor. If there are two or more
competitors on the track at the same time you can pick the competitor
that should be times, by selecting the competitor form the menu. (Only
competitor after the warmup flag will be displayed in the menu.)
Tie on Best Laptime
When there is a tie on best laptime, this is indicated by a red background
color in the results screen. To change the qualify order for competitors
that have a tie on best laptime, drag and drop the competitor in the
proper position, within the competitors that have a tie. When the
scoreboard feed is enabled, the scoreboard feed will be automatically go
to hold, so there is the possibility to fix the tie on best laptime.
Provisional and Past Champion
When a competitor is not qualified on time, the program allows the
operator to mark a competitor as a provisonal or past champion. The
program allows the operator to mark 10 competitors as provisional and
one competitor as a
past champion. This can be done from the results screen, by right click on
a competitor and selecting the desired option from the menu. The
provisional and past champion will be placed on the qualify results behind
the qualified competitors.
Note: Competitors that are qualified on time will be marked in the results
screen with a white background color. Competitors that are not qualified
on time will be marked with a darkgray background color.
Page 77 of 127
Lineup creation When a yellow, yellow not counting or red flag situations occurs during a
race, the program automatically generates the lineup if the oval features
are enabled in the general settings. Depending on the lineup method and
the lineup scheme, the program automatically generates the lineup.
Lineup Method
 Back to Last Completed Lap > The program will go back to the
last completed lap. Therefore all the passings in the current lead
lap will be marked as deleted. The program will generate the
lineup immediately.
 Race up to the Yellow > The program allows the leader to
complete his lap. The program will wait with making the lineup
until the leader has completed his current lap.
Lineup Scheme
 Current Track Order > The program will use the current
track order at the yellow or red flag situation for the lineup
scheme.
 Race up to the Yellow > The program will use the current
race results at the yellow or red flag situation for the lineup
scheme.
To change the position of a competitor in the lineup, drag and drop the
competitor to the proper position. To set a competitor at the back of the
lineup, right click on the highlighted competitor and select Set to Back.
To mark a competitor that has caused an accident, right click on the
competitor and from the menu select Add Caused Accident.
If a competitor is has the position on the track the lineup request, he will
be marked green. If the competitor is not in the proper lineup position he
is marked red.
A lineup can be saved to HTML, CSV and txt file. To print the lineup, click
the print button. The program will print the columns in the selected order.
Page 78 of 127
Sandbagging Orbits will monitor the competitor laptimes during the race. If the laptime
in the race is faster than the qualify time – sandbagging time, the laptime
will be marked red.
To view the „Sandbagging time‟ per competitor you can add the column
„Minimum Laptime‟ in the result screen.
After the qualify session is finished you need to create the starting grid for
the race. This can be done in the Processing screen. When the starting grid
for the race is created the program will automatically calculate the
„Minimum lap time‟ per competitor. It will take the qualify time and deduct
the time filled in the General Settings screen.
Section times If your system setup is configured with sections, Orbits will automatically
display the section results. For an intermediate the times will be displayed.
For a speed trap, the .speed. If a competitor set his best section time in
the current lap it will be marked with a purple background color. If a
competitor enters a section the previous section time will be cleared, so
you know that the competitor is in that section.
Page 79 of 127
Multiple active runs With the multiple active runs option enabled up to six runs can be active at
the same time. Runs can be selected in the same way as when timing a
single run, using the “Select a Run” drop down menu. After selecting each
run it can be started by inserting a flag (e.g. a green flag).
Starting multiple runs simultaneously (inserting a green flag for more than
one run) can be done by inserting a warm up flag for each run to start,
followed by pressing CTRL + F5 to insert a green flag.
By pressing the control key plus the key for a flag (F5, F6, F7 or F8) that
flag is inserted for each of the active runs.
Overview of active runs
An overview of all the active runs can be opened by clicking “Show active
runs monitor” (this option is available from the “Timing tasks”).
In the overview of all active runs a run can be selected by clicking. It is
also possible to switch between runs using the up and down keys.
Page 80 of 127
Unrelated transponders in case of multiple active runs
Unrelated transponders are handled differently when timing multiple active
runs. Therefore it is best to copy the competitors in a run to each run
before the run is started. In case of multiple active runs it is not possible to
automatically link a transponder to a competitor in a group.
Unrelated transponders can be found by clicking on the tab “Unrelated
transponders”. In case of an unrelated transponder the unrelated dialog
not will be displayed.
Photocells in case of multiple active runs
It is not possible to use photocells when timing multiple active runs.
Page 81 of 127
Processing Results
Orbits contain extensive features for processing your results. This section
describes the way you can assign points, merge results, create a starting
grid and copy competitors.
Page 82 of 127
Overview The processing page can be accessed by clicking on the Processing tab,
which can be found at the top of the screen.
Merge results In Orbits, the results of a series of runs may be combined in order to
calculate an overall result of a series of qualifying sessions or races. From
the merged results of qualifying sessions, a selection of qualified
competitors can be made and copied to the appropriate final group. A
merge can be based on best lap-time, race result, or points.
Create a merged result To create a merged result, click on Create a new merge, which can be
found under the Merged result tasks. Now the wizard will guide you
through this process.
Step 1> General merge settings
Name
Name of the merged result.
Sort method
Specify how the merged result should be sorted.
 Qualify sort: The merged result is sorted on best lap-time.
 Race sort: Results are sorted by highest number of laps and
then lowest total time.
 Most points sort: Result is sorted on most total points. The
competitor with the most points wins.
 Less points sort: Result is sorted on less total points.
Invert the result
Check this button when you want to.
Merge method
 Best: Take the best result. (This is default setting for a
merge sorted on best laptime)
 Sum: Calcutates the sum of the results. (This is default
setting for a merge sorted on points or sorted laps)
 Average: Calculates the average result.
Step 2> Select the runs to merge
Select the runs that are going to be merged. By using the arrow
buttons, runs can be added to the merge. To delete a run from this
merge use the corresponding buttons.
Results filter
The result filter allows you to exclude competitors from the merge.
The following filters are available:
 On Position: Only include competitors in the merge that
are in the specified range. (Minimum position,
Maximum position)
 On Class: Only include competitors in the merge that
are in the selected class(es).
 On Points: Only include competitors in the merge that
are in the specified range. (Minimum position,
Page 83 of 127
Maximum position)
 Qualified: Only include qualified competitors in the
merge.
To specify a filter on a result, select a run or merge from the list
and choose the filter from the choice list. Check „Use same filter for
all‟ if you want to apply the filter for all runs in the merge.
Step 3 > Options
Qualification requirements
This property indicates how competitors can qualify for the merged
result. The possibilities are:
 None: All competitors appear on the result.
 On best laptime: When selected, you can specify a
percentage. To appear on the results, a competitor must
achieve a laptime of no more than the specified percentage
of the best laptime. This only applies to merges sorted on
best lap-time.
 On average best laptime of top x: When selected, you can
specify a percentage. To appear on the results, a
competitor must achieve a laptime of no more than the
specified percentage of the best laptime. This only applies
to merges sorted on best lap-time.
 Minimum percentage of the leader total laps: When
selected you can specify a percentage. To appear on the
results, a competitor must complete at least the specified
percentage of laps of the leader. This only applies to
printed results. This only applies to merges sorted on laps.
 Maximum number of competitors: When selected, you can
specify a position. All competitors from the specified
position down do not qualify. This applies to race, qualifying
as well as practice results.
Keep not qualified competitors in the merge
If you apply a Qualification Requirement on this merge, not
qualified competitors will appear on the merged result. If this option
is off, a not qualified competitor will not appear on the result.
Unique Identifier
This is used to identify competitors with the same information in the
selected field.
Counting runs
Specify how many runs are counting for the merge. The program
will drop the worst result if a competitor appeared in more runs
then specified.
Step 4> Finish the wizard
Calculate the merged result: Check this button to calculate the
merged result.
Page 84 of 127
Solve ties When two or more competitors have the same number of points, the total
points column is marked with a red background.
You can change the
position, by selecting a competitor and drag an drop him on the preferred
position.
Calculate merged result A merged result can be calculated after all runs are finished (and points
are assigned). Click on „Calculate merged result‟ which can be found under
Merged result tasks‟ to calculate the result.
Note: The merged result is not automatically updated when the result of
one of the run changes. Click on „Calculate merged result‟ to apply the
changes.
Starting grid Select the preferred layout of the starting grid. The starting grid settings
can be found under Tools – Options and then the Starting grid task,
which can be found at the left part of the screen.
Ordering
The starting grid can be printed in ascending or descending order.
Pole Position
The layout can be one or more rows with a pole position either on the left
or right side.
Grid Layout
The starting grid can have a different number of competitors in the even
and odd rows. The maximum number of competitors in a row is 6.
Page 85 of 127
Create a starting grid
(Quick)
There are several ways to create a starting grid.
Select the run where you want to create the starting grid for
Select the run where you want to create the starting grid for. Now click on
„Starting grid‟ which can be found under Result tasks. The following menu
will be displayed:
Now select the run where you want to create the starting grid for. In this
example select Race.
Select the run that contains the results
Select the run that contains the results. Now click on „Starting grid‟ which
can be found under Result tasks. The following menu will be displayed:
Now select the run where this starting grid is based on. In this example
select Qualify.
Create a starting grid
(Wizard)
Select the run to create the starting grid for. Then open the „Starting Grid
wizard‟ by clicking on Starting grid button, which can be found under
Result tasks and select Use Starting Grid Wizard from the menu. Now the
wizard will guide you through this process.
Step 1> Select the run
Select the run where you want to create the starting grid for.
Create starting grid for competitors in
When you want to create a starting grid for a specific group of
competitors, copy the competitors to the run where you want to
make the starting grid for. Only competitors that where added to
this run will appear on the grid.
Step 2> Specify the starting grid options
The second step is to select how the starting grid should be
created. The starting grid can be created using the following
methods:
 Result, the starting grid is based on the result of a run: The
starting grid is based on the result of another run. Depending
on the type of that run, the starting grid will be sorted on best
laptime or laps. Select the run where the starting grid is based
on.
Page 86 of 127
 Even and odd row, the grid is based on the result of runs: The
starting grid is based on the result of 2 runs. Select a run for
the odd positions and select a run for the even positions.
 Manual starting grid, manually assign the start positions:
Manually assign the start positions. Select a group of run that
contains the competitors. Select a run or group that contains
the competitors that should be on the grid.
 Random starting grid, create a random starting grid: Create a
random starting grid. Select a run or group that contains the
competitors that should be on the grid.
 Inverted, grid is based on the inverted grid of another run: The
starting grid is based on the grid of another run. Select the run
where the grid is based on.
Sort the starting grid by class
The starting grid will be sorted on class.
Only add qualified competitors
Only add qualified competitors from the selected run.
Step 3> Finish the starting grid
The last page of the wizard displays the starting grid. Click on finish
to print or modify the starting grid.
Page 87 of 127
Modify the starting grid Once a starting grid is created you can easily modify the start positions
with the starting grid editor.
Modify the start positions
You can change the start position by selecting a competitor and drag an
drop him to the preferred position.
Invert starting grid
This will put all competitors on the grid in reverse order.
Invert top x competitors
This will put the top x competitors on the grid in reverse order.
Edit comment
When a competitor is selected you can change the text in the comment
column.
If you right click a competitor you get a menu with the following options:
Send to Back
Place the selected competitor at the back of the starting grid.
Insert/Delete Empty Place
Insert or delete an empty place at this position.
Delete Selected Competitor
Remove the selected competitor from the starting grid.
Edit comment
Edit the comment of the selected competitor.
Starting grid header comment
This text will be printed at the top of the starting grid.
Starting grid footer comment
This text will be printed at the bottom of the starting grid.
Select the additional data that should be displayed per
competitor
Select the additional information column you want to print per competitor.
Page 88 of 127
Print the starting grid
To print the starting grid, click on the Print button, which can be found
under the Other Tasks. This will open the printer selection dialog.
If you want to print a starting grid sorted on car number, you can click on
Print large numbers button, which can also be found under Other tasks.
Copy competitors From a run or merged result, qualified competitors can be selected and
copied to another group or run. Select the competitors you want to copy
to another run, in the results screen. Open the dialog by clicking on Copy
the competitors button, which can be found under results task.
In this dialog you can specify which competitors should be copied to
another group or run.
Copy Tasks
Select all Select all the competitors
Deselect all Deselect all competitors.
Select qualified Only copy competitors that are qualified. Qualified
competitors will be displayed with a block color.
Not qualified competitors will be
displayed with a dark gray color.
Select even rows Only copy competitors that are on a even position.
Select odd rows Only copy competitors that are on a odd position.
Select a group or run to copy to
Specify the group or run to copy the selected competitors to.
Reset competitors transponder during copy
When checked, the competitors transponder number will be set to zero
during copy.
Press the OK button to copy the competitors.
Page 89 of 127
Points Orbits allows you to assign points to the results of a run or merge
according to customized points schemes.
Assign points To start the Assign Points wizard, select the run or merged result and click
on „Assign points‟, which can be found under the Result Tasks. The Assign
Points Wizard will guide you through the process.
Step 1> Select the points scheme
The first step is to select the points scheme. Click on the class name
to select the point scheme.
There are different options when assigning points:
One class
In this situation select the point scheme for the class.
More classes
When you want to select a different point scheme per class, click on
a class to select the point scheme. Click on „Use on points scheme‟
when you don‟t want to distinguish on class.
It is also possible to combine classes when assigning points. Select
the classes to combine and click on „Combine classes‟
When you have selected a points scheme for this run or merge, you
can assign the corresponding points by clicking on the Next button.
The Next button will be disabled when no points scheme has been
selected.
Step 2> Points assigned
The page will display the assigned points. Click on finish to close the
wizard, or on back to select another point scheme.
Page 90 of 127
Manage point schemes To create a new points scheme click on the New button. Editing and
deleting a points scheme is done similarly.
Point schemes settings Points scheme name
Name of the points scheme.
Points
Here you enter the points to be assigned to the results of the run or
merge in ascending order. Follow each number by . It is also
possible to enter decimal point values.
The new points scheme will automatically be saved to disk in the directory
Points in the Orbits folder.
Enter the points scheme by clicking on the points column and fill in the
points for that position.
Other
Here you can specify the points for a specific result state.
DNS competitors
 Normal Points: Points according to position.
 Fixed points: Specify the points.
 No points: No points are assigned
DNF competitors
 Normal Points: Points according to position.
 Fixed points: Specify the points.
 No points: No points are assigned
DQ competitors
 Normal Points: Points according to position.
 Fixed points: Specify the points.
 No points: No points are assigned
Not classified
 Normal Points: Points according to position.
 Fixed points: Specify the points.
 No points: No points are assigned
Page 91 of 127
Publishing Results
Besides the timing and scoring functionality Orbits has several ways to
distribute the results to the outside world. This chapter describes this.
Page 92 of 127
Overview Besides the timing and scoring functionality Orbits has several ways to
distribute the results to the outside world. These options include a
Mylaps.com upload, RMonitor feed, export to Excel, export to CSV file and
exporting to HTML and printing of several results templates.
Mylaps.com Get your results and laptimes online in a few clicks
Using the AMB i.t. software packages you can upload your race results in a
few clicks. Putting your results online has never been easier.
Uploading to Mylaps.com is free of charge and offered as an extra service
with this timing-software. Give your racers the information they deserve
and start uploading today.
All your results on one page
All the events you uploaded can all be seen on one easy page on
Mylaps.com. You can even get your own Mylaps.com subdomain (This is
an address like: myraceclub.mylaps.com) to link directly to your uploaded
results. In this way, your racers can access their results, laptimes and
section times within 1 click.
To expose your organization in a professional way, you can also put on a
link to your own website, and put a logo on all the results that you upload!
Get the results on your own website
Mylaps.com offers organizations that upload, the possibility to put their
uploaded results live into their own website.
By copying a small piece of code into your own website, your site will stay
up-to-date while you upload results to Mylaps.com.
Upload: Computer is
connected to the
internet
To upload results to Mylaps.com, click the Upload to Mylaps.com button,
which can be found under Publish tasks. Now the wizard will guide you
through this process.
 Step 1> Login on Mylaps.com: In order to use the Mylaps.com
service you must login with the username and organization of your
Mylaps.com account. Enter the username and password which are
associated with your organization.
 Step 2> Specify the runs and merges: The program will select all
finished runs to upload to Mylaps.com. Once a run is uploaded to
Mylaps.com it will not be selected for upload until the result of the run
changed. Click the Next button to start uploading to Mylaps.com.
 Step 3> Uploading results The Upload wizard makes a connection
with the Mylaps.com server. Once the connection is made the results
are automatically uploaded.
Click on the link to view the results.
Page 93 of 127
Upload: Computer is not
connected to the
internet
The first 2 steps are the same as when the computer is connected to the
internet.
 Step 3 > Save the upload file: When there is no connection to the
internet, specify the location to save the upload file, so the results can
be uploaded to Mylaps.com from another computer.
 Step 4 > The upload is finished: The upload file is successfully
saved to the selected location. To upload the results to Mylaps.com,
bring the file to another computer that is connected to the internet
and open it there.
Export results Exporting results to TXT, CSV or HTML. To export results of a run or
merge, click on Export results to file, which can be found under Publish
tasks. Now the wizard will guide you through this process.
Export results
The results file can be exported in three different format:
 txt file; The results are exported to a tab delimited text file.
 csv file: The results are exported to a comma delimited text file.
 html file: The results are exported to a html file.
Select a file
Select the location where you want to save the export file.
Current selected columns
This will export the columns that are currently visible in the result screen.
Show class column
This will include the position in class and class column in the export file.
Show points column
This will include the points column in the export file
Export laptimes Exporting laptimes to TXT, CSV or HTML. To export the laptimes of a run,
click on Export laptimes to file, which can be found under Publish tasks.
Now the wizard will guide you through this process.
Export results
The laptimes file can be exported in three different format:
 txt file; The laptimes are exported to a tab delimited text file.
 csv file: The laptimes are exported to a comma delimited text file.
 html file: The laptimes are exported to a html file.
Section Info
This will export the section times per lap.
Passing Info
This will export the passing info
Page 94 of 127
Print results Orbits has several pre-defined templates for printing results. To print the
results of a run or merge, click on Print, which can be found under
Publish tasks.
Print the results of a run
 You can choose the following templates:
 Race results
 Qualify results
 Laps of competitor
 Lapchart
 Points
If you choose the laptimes report, it will also print the section results per
lap.
The results templates can also be sorted on class.
Page 95 of 127
Edit the printout The race and qualify result templates can be customized. Select the template you
want to customize and choose Preview/Edit Template. Now the print preview
window appear which allows you to edit.
Customizing the table
In the preview window click on edit print out to set the template in edit mode.
Change the columns
Right click on the result and choose Change column settings.
Change font
To change the font right click in the table and choose Change font.
Logo and text objects
The print template editor offers several objects to place in the header of the
template (This are is marked by the rectangle, as displayed in the picture). The
available objects can be selected by using the toolbar shown at the top of the
screen.
Once you‟ve selected an object you can create it on the printout pushing the left
mouse button and hold it. Move your mouse to the right bottom of the printout to
enlarge it. When the object has reached the proper size you can release the left
mouse button.
Page 96 of 127
Line object
The line object is a simple object that shows a horizontal or vertical line in a color
or width that is defined by the user. Right click on the object and choose Properties
to change the line thickness.
Text object
The text object can display a user-defined text or a predefined value (date, time,
etc). With the buttons you can change the colors. By getting the properties of the
object (double click left button or right click and select properties from menu) you
can change the rest of the settings.
Picture object
The picture object can be used to display images in jpeg, gif, bitmap or iconformat. By default the image is displayed using its original proportions, by selecting
the “original size”-button the images keeps it original size.
Each object can be resized by using the arrow tool. Before you can resize or move
an object you must select it first. A selected object shows a border around the
object with eight squares. Now you can resize the button by pressing the left
mouse button on top of one of the squares and drag the mouse until it has
reached the proper size.
If you move the mouse over the object a moving cursor appears. If you hold the
left mouse button and move to mouse the object will follow the mouse.
The changes made to the selected template can be saved. The program will
prompt to save the changes.
Page 97 of 127
Scoreboard The Orbits program can supply a single information feed via RS232 (null modem)
and multiple information feeds via TCPIP (network) to other computers or
scoreboards. Both the AMB Rmonitor protocol and the Daktronics protocol are
supported. Please contact AMB if you want to receive the Rmonitor protocol. Via
Scoreboard – Scoreboard Settings, the communication settings for the
information feed(s) can be specified.
RS232
Set the correct COM port that the scoreboard is connected to. The following
settings should be filled in for the Rmonitor protocol: Baud rate=9600, Data
bits=8, Stop bits=1, Parity=None.
TCP/IP
The hostname and IP address will be automatically .given in the Host information
section. Specify the port that you want to use. Port 50000 normally always be
available.
Daktronics
The Daktronics protocol is built into the Orbits software. Choose to send
information about qualifying results and/or select to send information about the
race results. Select the appropriate feed and the number of lines that are used
on the scoreboard.
RMonitor
Once all appropriate settings are made in Orbits, the same settings (if necessary)
need to be made at the scoreboard side. Connect the scoreboard or scoreboard
computer running the Rmonitor software with either a network or RS232 null
modem cable.
If new information should not be sent to the scoreboard (e.g. when editing
results is in progress) the scoreboard feed can be stopped temporarily by
selecting Scoreboard – Hold. A refresh of the information can be forced by
selecting Scoreboard – Refresh, or by using the „F2‟ hotkey. This reset will force
all information to be resend to the scoreboard.
The RMonitor software can be used to display scoring information on another
computer and VGA screen. The RMonitor software can also run on the timing and
scoring computer itself to supply additional information, such as track positions
(use TCP/IP making connection between the Orbits and RMonitor software)
Page 98 of 127
To display the scoreboard information, the Orbits program must be started first.
Then start the RMonitor program and select the correct communication settings.
The RMonitor program should connect to the Orbits program. If the RMonitor
program is started before the Orbits program, the connection cannot be
established.
MyLaps Monitor MyLaps Monitor is a result viewer for the following AMB software programs:
Orbits and Sparc2. It allows you to display results on a (secondary) monitor such
as a computer screen or a TV. The results are displayed with easy-to-use layouts.
A layout is a definition of how and what kind of results are displayed. Please
contact AMB i.t. for more information.
Page 99 of 127
Championship Administration
This chapter describes how to do the championship administration
with Orbits.
Page 100 of 127
Overview Open the championship page of the program by pressing the
Championship button at the top of the program.
Championship
management
Orbits organizes the championship per season. The selected
championship is displayed on the top of the screen.
A championship consists of a number of events. Combined these events
will form a championship. There is no limit on the number of events per
championship.
Create a
championship
You can create a new championship from the championship page. Click
on Create a new championship to open the „Championship Settings‟
screen.
Edit or delete a
championship
To edit a championship click on „Edit championship‟ which can be found
under „Championship Tasks‟. Now you can modify the championship in
the Championship Details screen.
To delete a championship from the program click on „Delete
championship‟ under the Event Result Tasks.
Page 101 of 127
Championship
settings
A championship offers the following settings:
Name
The name of the championship.
Season
The championship season.
Sort method
Here you can choose how the championship should be sorted. There are
two options:
 Most points: The championship will be sorted on most points.
 Less points: The championship will be sorted on less points.
Tie solver
In case of a tie on points Orbits offers the following Tie solvers:
 Most 1,2,3 places per run: The competitor with the most 1st
places will win. In case this is the same, it will look to the most
2nd places. Etc. It will look at the run results.
 Most 1,2,3 places per event: The competitor with the most
1st places will win. In case this is the same, it will look to the
most 2nd places. Etc. It will look at the event results.
 Result of last run: The competitor with the best result in the
last run will win.
 Result of last event: The competitor with the best result in
the last event will win.
Valid results
In case of a tie on points Orbits offers the following Tie solvers:
 All points are counting: The competitor with the most 1st
places will win. In case this is the same, it will look to the most
2nd places. Etc. It will look at the run results.
 Maximum number of valid runs: Specify how many runs are
counting for the championship. The program will drop the worst
result if a competitor appeared in more runs then specified.
 Maximum number of valid events: Specify how many runs
are counting for the championship. The program will drop the
worst result if a competitor appeared in more events then
specified.
Page 102 of 127
Championship display
options
A championship offers the following settings display options:
Select the layout
Specify how a championship should be displayed. There are three
different layouts available.
 Points per run: The program will add a column for each run in
the championship.
 Points per event: The program will add a column for each
event in the championship.
 Points per run and event totals: The program will add a
column for each run in the championship. It will also displays
the totals per event.
Footer Text
This text will be displayed on the print out and on the web MyLaps.com
website. You can define 3 lines of footer text.
Page 103 of 127
Adding a result to the
championship
Click on „Add event result‟ to add a new result to the championship. This
will start the „Add Event Result‟ wizard which will guide you through the
process.
The first step is to select how to add the result. There are three options
here:
 Use points from a result: Add a run or merged result that contains
the points for the championship. Use this option when you the
results are available in the local version of Orbits.
 Load the points from file: Add the result from a points file, that was
exported from another Orbits program.
 Manually enter the points: Enter the points manually. Use this option
when the results are not available in Orbits.
Use points from a result
When this option is selected you need to specify which run or result is
counting for the championship. Select the run or merge and click next.
The points will now be added to the championship.
Load the points from file
When this option is selected you need to select the file that contains the
points for the championship. Click on next to import the file and add the
points to the championship.
Manually enter the points
When this option is selected you need to specify the name of the event.
Click on next to manually enter the results of the event.
Page 104 of 127
Edit the event result After a result is added to the championship. Select the event from the
Event List and click on „Edit event result‟ which can be found under
Event Result Tasks.
Change the competitor points
It is possible to edit the points or competitor info. Select the competitor
you want to modify and click on „Edit competitor‟ which can be found
under Competitor tasks. The following screen will appear.
Add a competitor
Add a competitor to the result by clicking on „Add competitor‟ which can
be found under Competitor tasks.
Page 105 of 127
Championship layout The championship standings will be displayed as following.
A column will be created for each event in the championship.
The points received for the runs in an event will be displayed in a
column. Besides the point per run there is also a column Total, which
displays the total pints received for a specific event.
1st place will be marked with a gold background color.
2nd place will be marked with a silver background color.
3rd place will be marked with a bronze background color.
Dropped points will be marked with a red text-color
The legend will display the date and the event name.
Page 106 of 127
Solve ties manually Click on Show ties to display competitors with the same number of total
points.
When a tie is automatically solved (according to the tie solve method in
the championship settings) the position column will be marked with a
green background color:
When the program was unable to solve the tie, the position column is
marked with a red background color:
You can now choose to change the position of a competitor by clicking
on „Place up‟.
Print the
championship
standings
Orbits has three pre-defined templates for printing the championship
standings. To print the championship, click on „Print‟, which can be
found under Publish tasks.
Available layouts
 Points per run: The program will print a column for each run
in the championship.
 Points per event: The program will print a column for each
event in the championship.
 Points per run and event totals: The program will print a
column for each run in the championship. It will also print the
totals per event.
Orientation
 Portrait: The championship standings will be printed portrait.
Choose this option when you have more then 40 competitors in
the championship.
 Landscape: The championship standings will be printed
landscape. Choose this option when there are many events in
the championship
Export championships
to file
The championship standings can be exported to a HTML file. To export
the championship standings, click on „Export to file‟ to file, which can be
found under Publish tasks.
Select the location where you want to save the championship.
Page 107 of 127
Upload championship
standings to
MyLaps.com
To upload your championship standings results to MyLaps.com, click the
Upload to Mylaps.com button, which can be found under Publish tasks.
Now the „Upload Championship‟ screen will guide you through this
process. An internet connection is required to publish the
championships.
Login on Mylaps.com
In order to use the Mylaps.com service you must login with the
username and organization of your Mylaps.com account. The
championship standings will be displayed under this account.
Username
Enter the username which are associated with your organization.
Password
Enter the password of your organization.
Select the championships to upload
Select the championships you want to publish on MyLaps.com.
Finally click on Ok to upload the championships. The program makes a
connection with the Mylaps.com server. Once the connection is made
the championships are automatically uploaded.
Page 108 of 127
TnetX Display
This chapter describes how the TnetX system is integrated in Orbits.
Page 109 of 127
Overview Open the TnetX Display page by pressing the
TnetX Display button at the top of the program.
The Timing System sends the official timing and position information,
generated by a Personal AMB Transponder to the TnetX Host system.
The Communicator installed on a vehicle receives this information and
updates the TnetX Display.
The TnetX Host System is an add-on to the AMB Transponder Timing
System operated by Timekeepers and/or Race Organizers.
System components The TnetX OnBoard Display system contains of the TnetX Display kit, the
TnetX Host and Orbits 4 software.
Racers need a Personal AMB Transponder and the display kit; this kit
contains of:
 TnetX OnBoard Display
 TnetX Communicator
 TnetX Breakout Box
Organizations that currently use AMB timing equipment just need the
TnetX Host and this software with the TnetX plugin. To check if the
plug-in is enabled, go to the About screen and verify that the TnetX
plug-in text is displayed. See the following picture.
Page 110 of 127
TnetX Display Easily installed, the TnetX OnBoard Display shows official qualify and
race results giving a competitor direct feedback on the performance
within each session. With its high quality and state-of-the-art OLED
display the most relevant information will be available clearly and
instantly.
TnetX Host The TnetX Host is the gateway for the official results.
The official information for each Personal Transponder will automatically
be sent while racers are crossing the 2nd loop antenna after the finish
line.
Connect to a TnetX
host
To connect to a TnetX Host, you can double click on the TnetX host box,
or choose register a new Host from the Host Taks.
Now the „Host Connection Wizard‟ will open. The wizard first scans the
network for all available TnetX Hosts. On the first page all hosts that are
found in the network are listed on the screen. Select the TnetX host you
want to use and click on the Next button.
Page 111 of 127
Now the program will try to make a connection to the host. If the host is
successfully connected, the Host details screen will open.
If the host is marked with a warning icon or if your host is not displayed
in the list, see Connection issues for more details.
Network
If your Host is connected to your network, but not in your list, you can
add the Host manually by selecting Network option from the selection
list. Now you need to enter the IP address of the host. See connection
issues for more info about the Hosts IP address.
Once the TnetX host is connected, the system is ready to sent results
Connection issues Serial number is red?
If the serial number is highlighted red, this means you need to upgrade
your TnetX Host firmware. To update a Host go to the support section of
the AMB i.t. website (http://support.amb-it.com) or click the button
Check for available updates (Online).
IP address has a warning icon?
If the IP Address is not in the same network range as the computer a
warning icon will appear. This means that you need to change the IP
Address of the TnetX Host. You can do this by right clicking on the
TnetX Host and select change TnetX Host settings. You can now connect
to your TnetX Host by selecting it from the list and hit the Next button.
My TnetX Host is not in the list?
If your TnetX Host is not listed first check if it is powered on and that all
connectors are firmly in place. If it still does not connect it is possible
that the TnetX Host has an old firmware version. Manually connect to
the TnetX Host by selecting the network option and hitting the next
button. You can now enter your IP Address, hit the Next button to
connect. If it connects it means that the TnetX Host firmware needs to
be updated. It is possible to do timing in compatibility mode, but some
new features will not be supported.
Page 112 of 127
Displays All displays are listed on the TnetX Display page. You can choose to
display all the displays and the displays that are present in the active
run.
You will find detailed information about the display status.
 Display temperature
 Communicator temperature
 Last contact time
 Competitor information (Number, name and class)
It will also give you the status of the display.
Possible error messages.
 Not linked to a result yet: There is no competitor in the active
run with a transponder number that match the communicator
number.
 No display found: The communicator reported that no display is
attached to the break out box.
 Updating layout set: Orbits is updating the display layout set of
the TnetX display
Virtual display The virtual display shows you the information that is on the drivers
display. Select a display from the selection list and choose Virtual display
from the display tasks.
Page 113 of 127
How to
This „How to..‟ guide has short descriptions of how to use certain
functions. For more information about those functions please refer to the
corresponding chapters in this manual.
Page 114 of 127
Common questions
Decoders The noise level is too high, what should I do ?
Check all the connections (BNC connectors make proper contact?) and
all cables (Are coax cables and loopwires damaged or cut?). If the
loopwire is cut and the track is wet, the noise level may go up to very
high levels. Reinstalling the loop solves this problem in 99.9% of the
cases.
Transponder What does the light on the transponder indicate?
 While being used > The number of green blinks is the
minimum days (24h) to go before the battery is empty.
The last 24 hours before the battery is empty the
transponder will blink red. A solid red LED indicates that it
can switch off at any moment!
 While connected to charger > A red blink means the
transponder is still charging When the led remains green,
the transponder has finished charging
Strength or hits on some or all transponders are low
When the signal strength is pretty consistent (within 10 points or so)
but is low, this indicates that the transponder is not properly mounted.
The transponder needs to be mounted within 2 ft. of the track with no
metal or carbon fiber between the track and the transponder. There
needs to be sufficient space around the transponder. The transponder
cannot be affixed with metal wire or hose clamps, since that will reduce
the signal coming out of the transponder significantly.
When signal strength is heavily fluctuating for 1 transponder (more
then 10 points), this indicates that there is a problem in the loop, coax
cable or the connections.
Runs How to restart a run.
After a run has been stopped, apply a green/yellow flag. The race will
now restart.
Page 115 of 127
Competitors How to open the competitor database?
In the Registration Page click the Show competitor database button or
press „F3‟
How to add competitors from the database to a run?
 Select a run in the Registration page.
o Open the Competitor Database.
o Select the driver(s) you wish to add.
o Right-click and select from the
menu.
 Select a run in the Operator Module.
o Open the Competitor Database
o Select the driver(s) you wish to add.
o Drag the selected drivers into the run/group> screen.
Updating competitor data
If the change is permanent, competitor data should be changed in the
Competitor Database. If the change applies only to this run/group, the
data should be changed in the run/group only.
Applying a change in the Competitor Database to a run/group.
If a change is permanent, but the competitor has already been added to
a run there are two different ways of synchronizing the data depending
on the circumstances:
1. The competitor has not passed yet >
Remove the competitor from the run and add him/her again.
2. The competitor has already passed >
As a safety it is not possible to change a competitor in a run
from the Competitor Database. The competitor has to be made
unrelated first and added again.
- Make the competitor unrelated in the run.
- Add the competitor again.
Results How to delete a result from a run?
 Open the screen.
 Select the competitor who‟s result you wish to remove.
 Right-click and select from the menu.
Don’t show the pace car on the results?
If the pace car has a transponder, the car will show up on the results.
To prevent the pace car from showing, you can mark the pace car result
as hidden. The pace car will still appear in the hidden results, but won't
show on the results (e.g. printout, RMonitor).
Page 116 of 127
The wrong competitor shows up after a passing
 Select the competitor, right-mouse click and select „Make
Unrelated‟ from the menu.
 Now double-click on the competitor and select a new competitor
from the Run, Group or Database or create a new competitor.
If the transponder numbers are switched between two competitors in a
run, you may also do the following:
 right-mouse click on one of the competitors with the wrong
transponder number.
 Select „Switch Transponder(s) with‟ from the menu and
select the competitor whom the transponder should be switched
with,
To make sure everything is alright from now on for following races, you
have to do some research.
 Find out what caused the wrong competitor to show up. Were
the transponders switched by accident? Was the wrong number
entered in the database? etc..
Adjust the transponder numbers in the database/group if needed.
The best laptime is not a valid lap
To make a laptime not count for best lap, you can right mouse click on
the incorrect passing and select „Invalidate passing‟. Now the passing
will still be used to credit the competitor with a lap, however the
passing will not be used for fastest laptimes.
Page 117 of 127
Appendices
The appendices contain information about photocells and file formats.
Page 118 of 127
Appendix A – Photocells
Using photocells For back-up purposes photocells and manual time keeping can be
used. The photocells can be connected to the decoder. The decoder
is triggered each time the light beam of the photocell is interrupted.
The transponder and photocell inputs can be related to each other.
Note that in Orbits the transponder system is used as primary
system and therefore the transponder time is taken for timing and
scoring.
Positioning photocells
When the hardware system is set up properly, the detection loop is
located before the actual finish line, in that way that the
transponder is in the middle of the detection loop when the front of
the vehicle is crossing the finish line.
For a correct match of transponder- and photocell passing times
(laptimes are not affected) the photocell should be positioned at the
finish line. When positioning of the photocells is not possible as
depicted in the picture on the right, the extra time difference should
be calculated in the maximum transponder, photocell time
separation. Make sure that when the photocells are installed, the
batteries are full and that the photocells are aligned and switched
on.
Setting Photocell delay
Each photocell transmitter is equipped with a selector switch for
setting the photocell delay. This time defines the maximum interval
between two interruptions of the light beam that will be considered
as one interruption. This setting is, among others, to avoid multiple
interruptions of the light beam generating multiple photocell hits.
Connecting Photocells to the decoder
Photocells are connected via an AMB photocell interface cable (AMB
No. 5503) to the auxiliary port of the AMB decoder. Please refer to
the hardware manual of your system for the exact pin specification
of the auxiliary connector.
Page 119 of 127
Appendix B – File Formats
Result file format
The exported results file contains the results of the competitors in the selected run.
Record layout
Depending on the selected file type the output file has the following record layout:
Txt file: - FIELD - - FIELD -
Csv file: - FIELD - - FIELD -
Fields can be numeric or alphanumeric depending on the field. Fields separator is a comma “,” (ASCII
code 44 decimal) or a tab (ASCII code 9 decimal). Record separator is a carriage return (cr) plus
linefeed(lf).
If you choose to export the selected columns the program will display the columns that are currently
selected in the result screen.
Record format for qualify columns (run only) Export format for a qualify result
Pos Finish position of the competitor, Numeric.
PIC Finish position of the competitor in his class, Numeric. (Only when show class
column is on)
No Car number of the competitor, Maximum 4, Alphanumeric.
Name Name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Class Class of the competitor, Alphanumeric. (Only when Show class column is on)
Best Tm Best laptime of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places.
Best Spd Average speed of best lap
In Lap Lap the best laptime was set, Numeric.
Diff Differential time or laps of the competitor with the leader, Floating point with 3
decimal places or numeric.
Gap Differential time or laps of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places or
numeric.
2nd Best Tm 2nd Best laptime of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places.
2nd Best Spd Average speed of 2nd best lap
2nd In Lap Lap the 2nd best laptime was set, Numeric.
Car Reg Car registration number of the competitor
Additional Data 1 Additional data 1 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 2 Additional data 2 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Points Points the competitor received, Numeric. (Only when Show points column is on)
Sample
PosPICNoNameClassBest TmBest SpdIn
LapDiffGap2nd Best2nd Spd2nd LapCar/Bike Reg
Additional 1 Additional 2Points
Page 120 of 127
Record format for race columns (run only) Export format for a race result
Pos Finish position of the competitor, Numeric.
PIC Finish position of the competitor in his class, Numeric. (Only when show class
column is on)
No Car number of the competitor, Maximum 4, Alphanumeric.
Name Name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Class Class of the competitor, Alphanumeric. (Only when Show class column is on)
Laps The number of laps of the competitor, Numeric.
Total Tm Total race time of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places.
Diff Differential time or laps of the competitor with the leader, Floating point with 3
decimal places or numeric.
Gap Differential time or laps of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places or
numeric.
Avg Spd Average speed of race
Best Tm Best laptime of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places.
Best Spd Average speed of best lap
In Lap Lap the best laptime was set, Numeric.
Car Reg Car registration number of the competitor
Additional Data 1 Additional data 1 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 2 Additional data 2 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Points Points the competitor received, Numeric. (Only when Show points column is on)
Sample
PosPICNo.NameClassLapsTotal
TmDiffGapAvg. SpeedBest TmBest SpdIn
LapCar/Bike RegAdditional 1Additional 2Points
Record format for qualify columns (merge only) Export format for a merged qualify result
Pos Finish position of the competitor, Numeric.
No Car number of the competitor, Maximum 4, Alphanumeric.
Name Name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Class Class of the competitor, Alphanumeric. (Only when Show class column is on)
Overall Best Tm Overall best laptime of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places.
In session The name of the session the best laptime was set.
For each session in the merge the following column(s) will be included
Best Tm Best laptime of the competitor in this session, Floating point with 3
decimal places.
2nd Best Tm 2nd Best laptime of the competitor in this session, Floating point with
3 decimal places.
Car Reg Car registration number of the competitor
Additional Data 1 Additional data 1 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 2 Additional data 2 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Points Points the competitor received, Numeric. (Only when Show points column is on)
Sample with 3 runs in the merge
PosNo.NameClassOverall BestTmIn SessionBest: Run
12nd: Run 1Best: Run 22nd: Run 2Best: Run 22nd: Run
2Car/Bike RegAdditional 1Additional 2Points
Page 121 of 127
Record format for race columns (merge only) Export format for a merged race result
Pos Finish position of the competitor, Numeric.
No Car number of the competitor, Maximum 4, Alphanumeric.
Name Name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Class Class of the competitor, Alphanumeric. (Only when Show class column is on)
Laps The number of laps of the competitor, Numeric.
Total Tm Total race time of the competitor, Floating point with 3 decimal places.
In Session Session where the result was set
For each session in the merge the following column(s) will be included
Laps The number of laps of the in the specific run/merge, Numeric.
Car Reg Car registration number of the competitor
Additional Data 1 Additional data 1 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 2 Additional data 2 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Points Points the competitor received, Numeric. (Only when Show points column is on)
Sample with 3 runs in the merge
PosNo.NameClassLapsTotal TmIn SessionLaps:
Run 1Laps: Run 2Laps: Run 3 Car/Bike RegAdditional 1Additional
2Points
Point columns for points (merge only) Export format for a merged points result
Pos Finish position of the competitor, Numeric.
No Car number of the competitor, Maximum 4, Alphanumeric.
Name Name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Class Class of the competitor, Alphanumeric. (Only when Show class column is on)
Total Points Total points, Numeric.
For each session in the merge the following column(s) will be included
Points Points for this session, Numeric.
Car Reg Car registration number of the competitor
Additional Data 1 Additional data 1 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 2 Additional data 2 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Points Points the competitor received, Numeric. (Only when Show points column is on)
Sample with 3 runs in the merge
PosNo.NameClassTotal Points Points: Run 1Points: Run
2Points: Run 3 Car/Bike RegAdditional 1Additional 2Points
Page 122 of 127
Competitor file format
The competitor file contains competitors from a run, group or from the database.
Record layout
Depending on the selected file type the output file has the following record layout:
Txt file: - FIELD - - FIELD -
Csv file: - FIELD - - FIELD -
Fields can be numeric or alphanumeric depending on the field. Fields separator is a comma “,” (ASCII
code 44 decimal) or a tab (ASCII code 9 decimal). Record separator is a carriage return (cr) plus
linefeed(lf). Alphanumeric data is started and ended with quotes. The first line of the export file
contains the header information.
Record format for competitor
No Car number of the competitor, Maximum 4, Alphanumeric.
Class Class of the competitor, Alphanumeric. (Only when Show class column
is on)
First name First name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Last name Last name of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Car Reg Car registration number of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Driver Reg Driver registration number of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Transponder 1 1st transponder number, can be numeric or Alphanumeric.
Transponder 2 2nd transponder number, can be numeric or Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 1 Additional data 1 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 2 Additional data 2 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 3 Additional data 3 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 4 Additional data 4 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 5 Additional data 5 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 6 Additional data 6 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 7 Additional data 7 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Additional Data 8 Additional data 8 of the competitor, Alphanumeric.
Sample
"No""Class""FirstName""LastName""CarRegistration""DriverRegistr
ation""Transponder1"
"Transponder2""Additional1""Additional2""Additional3""Additional4" >"Additional5""Additional6"
"Additional7""Additional8"
Page 123 of 127
Index
A
activate orbits .............................................. 21
connected to the internet ......................... 22
not connected to the internet ................... 23
AMB system ................................................... 8
auto finish .................................................... 53
B
backup data ................................................. 31
BNC ............................................................. 18
C
Car/Bike Reg ............................................. 48
carbon fiber.................................................. 14
championship ......................................... 94, 95
class........................................... 47, 48, 49, 50
club transponder .......................................... 51
coax splitter ................................................. 16
competitor
add to group ............................................ 55
class ...................................... 47, 48, 49, 50
database .................................................. 47
competitor file format ................................. 110
Connect...................................... 38, 40, 43, 44
connection box ....................................... 12, 18
copy competitors .......................................... 82
corrections ................................................... 66
count first passing ........................................ 53
D
decoder .......................................................... 9
installation ............................................... 13
Decoders ...................................................... 38
detection loop ................................................ 9
connect to the decoder ............................ 13
installing .................................................. 12
positioning ............................................... 11
testing ..................................................... 18
Driver Reg ................................................. 48
DriverID ....................................................... 70
E
event ..................................................... 34, 93
create ......34, 35, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99,
100
export
laptimes ................................................... 87
results...................................................... 87
extended loop .............................................. 13
external start ............................................... 58
F
file formats................................................. 107
finish flag ..................................................... 59
flag situations............................................... 58
G
GPS .............................................................. 41
green flag .................................................... 59
group ............................................... 51, 52, 55
H
help ............................................................. 25
hidden result ................................................ 65
hits .............................................................. 19
I
installation ................................................... 21
L
language ................................................ 24, 25
lapchart........................................................ 63
Length ........................................................ 35
lineup............................................... 72, 73, 74
lineup method .............................................. 32
lineup scheme .............................................. 32
M
main and backup.......................................... 15
configuration I ......................................... 15
configuration II ........................................ 16
manual passing ...................................... 63, 67
merge results ............................................... 76
create ...................................................... 76
solve tie ................................................... 78
metal ........................................................... 14
minimum lap time ........................................ 53
multiloop ........................................................ 8
Page 124 of 127
mylaps.com .................................................. 86
upload...................................................... 86
N
noise ...................................................... 18, 19
O
official result ................................................ 65
oval features ................................................ 32
P
passing
colors ....................................................... 64
delete ...................................................... 62
invalidate ................................................. 62
screen ................................................ 60, 61
passing colors .............................................. 62
penalties ...................................................... 66
photocell delay ........................................... 106
photocell passing.......................................... 67
Photocell separation ................................ 35
Photocell timeout ..................................... 35
photocells................................................... 106
picture object ............................................... 89
pit 13
pit lane......................................................... 11
points ........................................................... 83
assign ...................................................... 83
manage schemes ..................................... 84
print
results ...................................................... 87
processing .................................................... 27
Q
qualification requirements ............................ 53
R
red flag ........................................................ 59
registration................................................... 27
remote console............................................. 29
restore data ................................................. 31
result
screen ...................................................... 65
status ................................................. 61, 66
result file format......................................... 107
run ............................................................... 52
practice .................................................... 53
qualify ...................................................... 53
race ......................................................... 53
single car qualifying ................................. 53
run defaults ................................................. 32
S
Section times ............................................... 74
Sections ....................................................... 37
serial number ............................................... 22
server .......................................................... 28
signal strength ............................... 16, 19, 102
silicone ......................................................... 12
single loop ..................................................... 8
Sort method ................................................. 94
Sport .......................................................... 34
Staggered Start ............................................ 53
start method ................................................ 53
Start on First Passing ................................... 53
Start on Flag ................................................ 53
start timing .................................................. 58
starting grid ........................................... 32, 78
print ......................................................... 82
stop ............................................................. 59
Synchronization ............................................ 41
system requirements .................................... 21
T
template ...................................................... 50
text object ................................................... 89
Tie solver ..................................................... 94
Timeline ................................................. 36, 37
Timelines ....................................................... 9
Time-zone .................................................... 41
timing .......................................................... 27
Track Configuration ...................................... 36
track records ................................................ 45
transponder ................................................... 9
position .................................................... 14
Transponder .............................................. 48
transponder switch ....................................... 69
U
unrelated
transponder ............................................. 68
W
warmup flag ................................................. 59
Warnings and errors..................................... 41
Y
yellow flag ................................................... 59
yellow nc flag flag ........................................ 59
Page 125 of 127
Notes
Page 126 of 127
Page 127 of 127

PDF Document reader online

This website is focused on providing document in readable format, online without need to install any type of software on your computer. If you are using thin client, or are not allowed to install document reader of particular type, this application may come in hand for you. Simply upload your document, and Docureader.top will transform it into readable format in a few seconds. Why choose Docureader.top?

  1. Unlimited sharing - you can upload document of any size. If we are able to convert it into readable format, you have it here - saved for later or immediate reading
  2. Cross-platform - no compromised when reading your document. We support most of modern browers without the need of installing any of external plugins. If your device can oper a browser - then you can read any document on it
  3. Simple uploading - no need to register. Just enter your email, title of document and select the file, we do the rest. Once the document is ready for you, you will receive automatic email from us.

Previous 10

Next 10