NATO Heading To The Warsaw Summit - Future Forces Forum

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ESD Spotlight
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The NATO Summit in Wales in 2014 was defined by the challenge to find rapid and effective responses to the Russian use of military
means to persue political aims beyond the
limits set by international law. The Wales
Summit also signalled NATO’s ability and preparedness to address all other challenges to
Alliance security with an emphasis on the
threats stemming from non-state actors emanating from the Middle East and Northern
Africa. The Warsaw summit is expected to
complete this work and to show NATO’s
way ahead in a world of dynamic security
In hindsight, Russia’s use of the military instrument of power to advance her political ambitions two years ago was not truly surprising in
view of the messages given before. The Russian leadership had repeatedly stated in public that Russia’s interests were in opposition
to those they perceived as the Western (i.e.
US, NATO and EU) ambitions in her so-called
near abroad. Consequently, Russia had two
options – to see her influence drastically diminished by the allure of Western successful
societal and economic models, or to deploy
her competitive advantages to this quest,
which are rapid decision making, the use of
military means through hybrid tactics, and
effective state orchestrated domestic media
The speed of Russia’s actions in Crimea and
Eastern Ukraine caused much attention,
specifically for those nations in Russia’s geographical vicinity. In view of their concerns,
the Alliance’s adaptation decisions in Wales,
including the emblematic Readiness Action
Plan (RAP), followed two purposes: to assure
Eastern Allies of
Alliance solidarity and unity
through enhanced, albeit rotational presence,
and to deter
potential aggressors via increased Alliance’s responsiveness.
Finding the right
balance between
these elements forward presence and responsive forces - has
been an ongoing debate within the Alliance
since then. Naturally, those nations geographically exposed to potential Russian military
aggression strongly advocate deterrence via a
multinational forward presence.
Clear message of strength
As NATO’s Chiefs of Defence recently recommended a forward presence of four battle
groups, one for each of the Baltic States and
one in Poland, there is agreement on the shape of this presence. This sends a clear message of strength, decisiveness and, at the same
time, of unprovocative modesty in order to
leave the door open for dialogue to Russia.
There is also a domestic element in this message, of solidarity and cohesion among all Allies, the core of the Alliance’s strength.
Regardless of the value of forward presence,
the most credible deterrence against the entirety of the dynamic threats surrounding
NATO is through the ability to provide moNATO heading to the Warsaw Summit
General Petr Pavel, Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
ISSUE 35 / 2016
dern, highly-trained, rapidly mobile forces
operating at a very high state of readiness.
A reinvigorated increased responsiveness
model has been implemented and tested
with the Very High Readiness Joint Task
Force, or VJTF. Established in 2015 shortly
after the Wales Summit it is composed of
Air, Land, Maritime and Special Forces elements.
A component of the complexity in the contemporary security environment lies in the
fact that actors may have simultaneous
competing, adversarial, and partially compatible interests. Subsequently, NATO’s
posture towards the challenges in the East
is not only based on deterrence. Deterrence is not a replacement for a strategy,
it is just one of several strategic effects. So
it is not as clear as “deter or engage” and
NATO is not preparing for a new Cold War.
NATO is adapting to a security environment
in which the use of military means for political purposes is no longer excluded by
some members of the international system
and in which non-state actors have the
ability to locally challenge the security of
well-established state actors.
Victories by inferior competitors
Another part of NATO’s adaptation has
focused on ways to deal with the so called
hybrid warfare. Hybrid confronts us with
the paradox of being challenged by weaker
competitors or adversaries. Many scholars
and military strategists have presented the
hybrid nature of Russian military activity in
Crimea and Eastern Ukraine as a new phenomenon.
But hybrid warfare is designed just as all
other forms of warfare, in line with the traditional Clausewitzian definition of war as
“an act of violence intended to compel our
opponent to fulfil our will”. So it is more
a symptom of the changed security environment rather than something genuinely
innovative to be addressed separately by a
strategy. An aggressor using hybrid means
is just bringing his competitive advantages
into a conflict.
Hybrid is the way for an inferior competitor to achieve what would have been untenable if he had played according to the
rules of international law. Subsequently,
he aims to avoid a large-scale response
by other actors and conducts his activities
below the threshold of open war. It has
been said on various occasions that hybrid
needs fruitful ground; it finds breeding
ground in places where state and society
offer vulnerabilities to be exploited by the
hybrid aggressor. Counter hybrid is consequently first and foremost a domestic responsibility.
Hybrid is, as most of the publicly disputed
security developments of the recent past,
an operational phenomenon, not a strategic one. Per se it does not require a new
NATO Strategic Concept.
Strategic Concept
In essence, the 2010 Concept provided for
the Alliance’s ability to adapt. The Strategic Concept as it stands offers a proper
framework for the four Military Strategic
Effects that the 28 NATO CHODs agreed to
be necessary to translate NATO’s strategic
superiority into the desired political outcomes. These Military Strategic Effects are:
Deter, Contain, Protect and Project. They
can be used in isolation, in tandem, or collectively; however, they are always to be
embedded in a wider strategic approach levering all instruments of power to achieve
a political goal.
The optimal employment of the military
strategic effects in concert with all instruments of power would require a strategic
framework like the one recently agreed
for NATO’s further adaptation to the challenges from the South. Such a framework
is indeed the link between the Strategic
Concept and the existing and potential individual measures that provide granularity to NATO’s posture towards the security
challenges the alliance is facing.
Challenging NATO-EU relations
There has been consensus for a long time
that in a modern world we cannot address security issues country by country.
We need a regional and comprehensive approach. Complementarity is a must
especially with the European Union, which
has impressive, wide ranging diplomatic,
economic and financial tools at its disposal. However, complementarity is already a
challenge inside the EU, given the complex
relationship between the European Union
External Action Service responsible for the
EU Foreign Policy and the EU Commission
which directs, amongst others, the powerful instruments of development and trade.
NATO-EU relations, in addition, continue to
be overshadowed by the fact that the EU
member Cyprus is not recognized as a state
by Turkey.
NATO’s projecting stability initiative to be
launched at the Warsaw Summit will follow this complementary approach. Based
ISSUE 35 / 2016
on the principle that it is more sustainable
to enable local forces to protect their own
countries than it is to deploy large numbers
of own troops, this initiative will focus on
building local capacity. The Warsaw Summit will decide if a responsive ready-to-go
capability can be built up so that NATO
can plan, coordinate and deploy advisory
support and training missions faster able
to bring together all the necessary tools for
capacity building and training.
Resolute Support in Afghanistan
NATO’s Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan is already projecting stability.
Since January 2015 NATO has switched
to supporting local forces by providing
training, assistance and advice to the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces
(ANDSF). This recognizes the importance of
ANDSF performance in building up Afghan
peoples’ trust in the future of their state
and society. In May 2016 NATO Foreign
Ministers endorsed the Chief of Defence’s
recommendation for an extension of the
mission into 2017, acknowledging that the
conditions for a significant change of the
mission’s footprint have not been met.
There is also a growing acknowledgement
of the Resolute Support Mission’s importance in the strategic context of fighting
non-state terrorism. The understanding is
that any security vacuum would give terrorism the space to grow, any local reduction in pressure will increase leeway to gain
the initiative in other places, as has been
clearly demonstrated in Iraq, Syria and
Libya. Subsequently, regional and sometimes global repercussions need to be assessed not only where NATO engages but also
where the Alliance disengages.
The strategic impact of NATO’s operations
and missions and their linkage to the other
international aims is also reflected through
the planned change of NATO’s Operation
Active Endeavor into a non-article V type
of operation. In doing so NATO will be
able to complement EU Operation Sofia’s
efforts in the central Mediterranean with
the desired political effect of a more stable
Libya and subsequent reduction of migration. Even the long standing KFOR mission in
Kosovo has to be seen in the wider aspect
of its contribution to regional stability and
not narrowed down to the immediate impact it has on Kosovo itself.
On a final note, the focus on operations,
enhanced forward presence and high readiness forces should not distract from the
fact that supporting NATO’s three core
tasks – collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security - will always
require full spectrum capabilities. The full
spectrum includes the totality of joint warfare, all components of land, sea, air, and
special operations as well as nuclear and
cyber capabilities.
Remaining a nuclear alliance
The issue of nuclear capabilities is gaining
importance as a result of Russia’s doctrinal incorporation of nuclear weapons
as a continuum of capabilities rather than
maintaining them separate due to their
specific nature. As stated in the 2010 Strategic Concept, “as long as nuclear weapons exist, NATO will remain a nuclear
alliance.” While the “supreme guarantee
of the security of the Allies … provided by
the strategic nuclear forces of the Alliance,
particularly those of the United States…” is
clearly expressed in that document, a subsequent conceptual framework regarding
the future composition was not addressed.
The Secretary General explicitly mentioned the need for such a framework at the
Munich Security Conference when he underlined that “Russia’s rhetoric, posture,
and exercises of its nuclear forces aimed at
intimidating its neighbors” cannot go unanswered.
The Alliance is challenged
In sum the Alliance is challenged. The Russian challenge is the more obvious one, defined by robust capabilities, but to a much
lesser extent by a clear intent. Subsequently, the military answer is easier to develop
and will consist of the modest but decisive
answers described above. Finding the right
strategic approach to Russia with its manifold character as opponent, competitor,
but also potential partner with its longstanding role as a major power is more a
political than a military question.
The southern challenge, in which the intent
outweighs the capabilities, is a way more
complex challenge – albeit that there is strategic consensus on the character of the
threat and the impossibility for dialogue
with the leaders behind. The potential military portion of a comprehensive approach
that stabilizes nations and their society and
economy in a way that encourages people
to believe in a future of their own countries
is not yet defined. Current engagements
are of tactical, local and short-term nature.
The debate for the years to come will be
about the development of an overarching
approach underpinned by strategic patience and levering all instruments of power
for the benefit of our mutual security.
NATO’s Military Committee is looking forward to substantially contribute to this debate.
This is an excerpt; please read the full article in ESD No 4, 2016. Order your free
copy here:
ISSUE 35 / 2016
Defence Data published by EDA
(df) The European Defence Agency (EDA)
has published their “Defence Data 2014”.
Just like NATO, which has presented their
“Defence Expenditures of NATO Countries
2015” on January 28, 2016, EDA has collected data from their member states
and presents it in unified and therefore
comparable statistics. As expected the
EDA specialists have also found a decline
in defence spending in 2014 with budget
decreasing to €195 billion, a loss of three
percent compared with the €201 billion in
“Since 2006, defence personnel (military
and civilian) has been steadily declining,
mainly due to internal restructuring processes,” the authors of Defence Data state.
“Between 2008 and 2011, this was more
evident (-4.9% annual average decrease),
possibly due to unfavorable economic
conditions. Thereafter personnel numbers
continued to fall, thought at a slower pace,
a rate of -1.7% per year on average. From
2013 to 2014, total civilian personnel reduced by almost 2% to 400,000, whereas
military personnel - by half that (almost
1%) to 1,423,000. During the entire period
from 2006 to 2014, total defence personnel shrank by almost 500,000 or 21.4%,
where civilian personnel decreased by almost 85,000 or 17.5%, and military personnel – by almost 411,000 or 22.4%.”
Even though the number of personnel
decreased, this is not reflected in budget.
According to the collected data costs per
soldier increased from €110,000 in 2006 to
€137,000 in 2014.
One interesting result of the data collection
is, that European cooperation in the area of
Research & Technology (R&T) is declining.
While in 2006 only 85.5% was pure national R&T, 9.6% European and 4.9% otherwise collaborative, the number of national
R&T rose to 90.7% in 2014, while only 8.6%
remained European and 0.6% others. This
was accompanied by still shrinking budgets in R&T: “A slight increase (+3.2%) in
R&T expenditure achieved in 2013, was
lost the year after, as R&T spending dropped by 4.6% (-6.1% in real terms) back to
2012 level of €2.0 billion, the lowest since
ISSUE 35 / 2016
Bids for Challenger 2
(df) BAE Systems announced a major strategic partnership with other defence companies to bid for the UK Ministry of Defence
Challenger 2 Life Extension Project. BAE
Systems has the design authority. BAE Systems, General Dynamics Land Systems-UK
and QinetiQ will be responsible for systems
integration and engineering with General
Dynamics Mission Systems-International,
Leonardo-Finmeccanica (formerly Selex
ES Ltd), Moog and Safran Electronics (formerly Sagem) adding their competence in
special technologies.
As announced in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review, Challenger 2 will
form a key part of the British Army’s capability through to 2035. In order to achieve
this, several key systems will need to be replaced. “BAE Systems designed
and built Challenger 2, we are
now excited about the opportunity to use our expertise with
the rest of Team Challenger 2
to update and integrate new
technology to further extend
the capability for the British
Army,” said Jennifer Osbaldestin, Managing Director of BAE
Systems Land (UK).
The work to convert the tanks to the new
Challenger 2 Mark 2 standard would be
carried out at General Dynamics’ factory in
South Wales, where the British Army’s new
AJAX vehicle will start production in 2017.
General Dynamics Land Systems-UK is currently designing and manufacturing the
new AJAX vehicle for the British Army, the
largest vehicle production programme in
the UK. General Dynamics Mission Systems-International supplied systems for
the original Challenger 2 and is a major
provider to the US Army.
Supacat’s new light
reconnaissance vehicle
(df) Supacat’s all-new LRV400 Mk2 light
reconnaissance vehicle made its European
debut in Paris. Designed as a high performance off-road vehicle for rapid intervention operations in harsh environments
by special forces, border patrol or strike
forces, the LRV400 Mk2 is a highly versatile
tactical capability for special forces; it can
be transported inside a CH-47 Chinook fully
equipped and loaded, making it immediately deployable.
The vehicle also has the unique feature of
being convertible from 4x4 to 6x6 to provide a flexible alternative configuration that
increases payload, capacity and range to
meet different operational requirements.
Supacat designed the LRV400 Mk2 to fill
the gap for an agile off-road vehicle sized
between its HMT Series (GVW 7,600 kg)
and quad bikes.
The LRV400 Mk 2 carries a crew of 3 or 4
supported by an operational payload of
1,700 kg with a GVW of 4,200 kg. It can
achieve speeds of up to 100mph/160km
and operate up to 800 km from the point
of insertion, offering special forces a true
long range capability.
Having launched and proved the concept
in 2012, Supacat evolved the design to
develop the LRV400 Mk 2. The significant
design change is a move to a well-known,
mass produced base automotive platform, adapted by Supacat for specialist
military applications. The automotive platform delivers proven performance, reliability and cost efficiencies to the LRV400
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Predicting diseases
(df) DARPA has launched it’s new
Prometheus programme to predict disease
outspreads. Prometheus seeks to discover
a minimal set of molecular biomarkers that
would indicate, less than 24 hours after
exposure to a pathogen, whether an individual will become contagious. That window is narrow enough to allow for early
treatment or the initiation of other mitigating steps before a person begins infecting
“Many infections are spread by people who
haven’t yet displayed symptoms of their illness,” said Matt Hepburn, the Prometheus
program manager. “These people don’t
know they are sick, so they often end up
spreading the disease to close contacts.
Our goal with Prometheus is to develop
techniques that could alert people that
they are likely to become contagious, so
they can proactively take steps to keep the
disease from spreading.”
ISSUE 35 / 2016
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eo na rd o) New DIRCM unveiled
(df) BIRD Aerosystems unveiled their new
system: a Directional Infra-Red Counter
Measure (DIRCM) system called SPREOS
(Self Protection Radar Electro-Optic System). SPREOS is a joint development with a
large European Company, combining a radar based sensor (verification) and an active
laser (DIRCM) to provide enhanced protection against the threat of Man-portable
air defense systems (MANPADS). SPREOS
integrates into a single Line Replaceable
Unit (LRU) multiple functions, including
threat confirmation, tracking and jamming
of advanced IR guided missiles.
Upon receiving a warning from the onboard
Missile Warning System (MWS), SPREOS
slews to the direction and activates the
dual band radar function for confirmation
and high precision tracking. Following the
confirmation and tracking SPREOS deploys
the dual-band counter measure laser causing the missile to miss the aircraft.
APKWS laser-guided missiles
deployed on F-16s in Afghanistan
(df) The U.S. Air Force has acquired BAE
Systems’ Advanced Precision Kill Weapon
System (APKWSTM) laser-guided rockets
for use in ongoing operations in Iraq and
Afghanistan. The initial units were fielded
to fulfill an urgent operational need for
F-16 and A-10 aircraft, which have already
used the weapon in combat operations.
“The APKWS fixed-wing fielding has been
a true display of joint service and contractor teamwork to quickly deliver a capability
to meet Air Combat Command fielding requirements while also exceeding Air Force
should schedule timelines,” said Brigadier
General Shaun Morris, Programme Executive Officer for Weapons, Eglin Air Force
Base, Florida.
The deployment marks the first time these
systems have been used in combat operations from an Air Force fixed-wing platform.
Fighter trainer roll-out ceremony
(df) The roll-out ceremony for the first of
eight Polish Air Force M-346 aircraft took
place at Leonardo-Finmeccanica’s facility
in Venegono-Superiore (near Varese). The
first of 8 Aermacchi M-346 advanced trainers ordered by Poland in 2014 will now
undergo a flight test programme to certify
the systems chosen by the Polish Air Force.
It will then be delivered to the customer
by the end of the year along with a second
aircraft. Deliveries will be completed by
November 2017.
The Aermacchi M-346 is one of the most
advanced lead-in fighter trainer currently
produced and optimised for training pilots
to fly latest-generation, high-performance
military aircraft. The M-346s will enter into
service with the 4th Training Wing Squadron
at Poland’s Deblin base. With the M-346,
the base aims to become an international
hub for the training of military pilots.
The M-346 has been ordered by the Air
Forces of Italy (18), Singapore (12), Israel
(30) and Poland (8) for a total of 68 orders.
Denmark chooses F-35
(df) Denmark’s parliament agreed to buy
27 F-35 Joint Striker Fighter jets for a total
amount of €2.6 billion. The total cost for
the lifespan of the deal, assuming some
planes last as long as 30 years, would be
55 billion kroner (€7.4 billion), said Henrik
Dam Christensen, defense speaker for the
opposition Social Democrats. The F-35s will
replace old Lockheed Martin F-16s, which
Denmark has used since the early 1980s.
Denmark is revamping its fleet at a time
when the “world security map has changed,” Prime Minister Lars Loekke Rasmussen said when his government proposed
going with Lockheed Martin over Boeing’s
In a statement, Lockheed said it’s honored
by Denmark’s decision to go with the F-35.
“We stand ready to accommodate Denmark’s decision and will continue to work
with the U.S. government and the F-35 Joint Program Office to support the procurement of the F-35,” the company said.
Denmark is the 11th country to buy the
F-35. It has been a development partner
in the F-35 program along with the United
States and seven other countries: Australia, Canada, Britain, Italy, the Netherlands,
Norway and Turkey. Israel, Japan and South
Korea are also foreign military customers.
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ar tin
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am en )
New multi-role vessels
by Damen Shipyards
(df) During the Oceanographic Survey Vessel Conference in London, Damen Shipyards Group announced the introduction
of a new range of Multi-Role Auxiliary Vessels (MRAV).
The company wants to offer a basic platform and therefore reliable and cost-effective multi-role potential and hydrographic
survey capabilities.
“The idea behind these vessels is to create a basic platform that can assist in a variety of tasks through the selection of the
required mission configuration, e.g. coastal
transport, submarine support or coastal infantry operations,” said Damen Shipyards
Gorinchem’s Principal Naval Advisor Jan
van der Burg, a retired Vice Admiral of the Royal Netherlands
Navy. “The stimulus to switch
from traditional one-to-one replacement is to lower the total
cost of ownership without losing capability and capacity.”
With the addition of supplementary modular mission
equipment, this new family of Damen vessels should be able to be mobilised in numerous, mainly littoral, naval tasks such as:
explosive ordnance clearance and disposal,
diving operations, torpedo recovery and
overhaul, ROV and UAV deployment, SAR,
coastal infantry and submarine support.
The largest version will be able to operate
worldwide, ocean as well as littoral waters.
This ship has additional capabilities like disaster and humanitarian relief, oceanography and naval training support.
The new range of vessels consists of three
different designs: the MRAV 660, MRAV
1600 and MRAV 3600. Designed for different geographic profiles, these vessels are
respectively 43, 62 and 85 metres long.
Qatar buys Italian ships
(df) Fincantieri and the Qatari Ministry
of Defence have signed a contract for the
construction of seven new generation units
included in the national naval acquisition
The contract, amounting to approx. €4 billion, envisages the supply of seven surface
vessels, of which four corvettes of over 100
meters in length, one amphibious vessel
(LPD - Landing Platform Dock), and two patrol vessels (OPV - Offshore Patrol Vessel) as
well as support services in Qatar for
further 15 years
after the delivery
of the vessels.
All the units will be
entirely built in Fincantieri Italian shipyards
starting from 2018, ensuring six years of
work and an important impact on the main
Italian defence companies.
This success was achieved based on the experience gained by Fincantieri in the construction of high-tech vessels for several
renowned foreign navies.
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New Dutch security and
surveillance system
(df) Thales and Unica have signed a performance based contract with the CDC (Commando Diensten Centrum) of the Dutch
Ministry of Defence for a new security and
surveillance system at approximately 170
locations in the Netherlands. The system
will replace the current 45 operational systems used across all parts of the defence
The security and surveillance system integrates access-control, intruder detection
and nationwide monitoring and control.
The new system lives up to the highest
standards in security and simplifies operations and maintenance. It will enable the
use of the Rijkspas which can be used for
access, authentication and identification.
“We are proud of this new contract with
the Dutch government and are happy to
respond to this challenge with Unica,” said
Patrice Caine, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Thales. “Thales develops
innovative, scalable solutions, integrating
them into existing infrastructures, even the
biggest and most complex systems. For example, Thales has provided the largest integrated urban security system in Mexico
City, and protects major airports worldwide such as in Dubai or Doha.”
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ha le s) CBRN system software
(df) Environics launched a new version of
its CBRN system software, EnviScreen Operix, at the 12th CBW Protection Symposium
in Stockholm. The EnviScreen Operix 2016
has been developed in the course of the
CBRUGS (Chemical, Biological and Radiological Unattended Ground Sensors) delivery
project for the Finnish Defence Forces in
close cooperation with the military.
The new, modernised software version
includes several features and tools that
improve the usability and functionality. For
instance, selectable application profiles
have been added to meet
the operator requirements
in different applications. The
new software release comes
with GeoServer map service
and some special features
related to use in wireless, mobile CBRN
detection systems.
The EnviScreen
Operix therefore provides real-time
situational awareness and guidance in fixed installed and mobile EnviScreen CBRN
detection systems. It incorporates sensor integrations,
data communication, databases, system services and
user interfaces and provides
system software solutions suitable both for a single site and
full nation covering monitoring
Other key features include selectable application profiles to
meet operator requirements in different applications.
DARPA goes Meta
(df) Popular search still lack the ability of
answering what-if or predictive questions,
especially questions that depend on multiple variables, such as “What are the major drivers of environmental stability?” In
many cases that shortcoming is not for lack
of relevant data. Rather, what’s missing
are empirical models of complex processes that influence the behaviour and impact of those data elements. The human
brain makes these analysis every day, from
choosing clothing to driving a car. To give
this intelligence to systems – not the human intelligence of course, but maybe that
of a cockroach – computers need reliable
models that can deliver insights from that
raw information which has become an acute limitation for planners.
In order to achieve these goals DARPA just
launched its Data-Driven Discovery of Models (D3M) programme. This programme
aims to help overcome the gap by enabling
non-experts to construct complex empirical models through automation of large
parts of the model-creation process. So researchers using D3M tools will have access
to an army of “virtual data scientists.”
“The construction of empirical models today is largely a manual process, requiring
data experts to translate stochastic elements, such as weather and traffic, into
models that engineers and scientists can
then ask questions of,” said Wade Shen,
program manager in DARPA’s Information
Innovation Office. “We have an urgent
need to develop machine-based modeling
for users with no data-science background.
We believe it’s possible to automate certain aspects of data science, and specifically to have machines learn from prior example how to construct new models.”
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New drone detection system
(df) ROBIN Radar Systems has selected
Dyneema Crystal Technology for the radome of its new Elvira drone detection system. With near-zero signal loss, Dyneema
Crystal Technology helps Elvira detect drones and classify them, distinguishing them
from birds or other flying objects, at longer
distances than traditional radar systems. In
fact, this radar technology can detect larger
fixed-wing drones at a range of nine kilometers and smaller multi-rotor drones at up to
three kilometers.
Elvira was specifically designed for drone detection. After winning a tender from
the Dutch Ministry of Justice, ROBIN Radar
applied its expertise in tracking small targets
to design the new system, which launched
in April 2016. Robin radars were also in use
with the German drone detection solution
at the G7 summit in 2015 in Elmau, Germany, with the German partners ESG (lead) and
Diehl Defence (effector)
Elvira provides military-grade radar capabilities, including advanced Doppler processing
that enables it to track even the most agile
drones. The system is offered at a competitive price that supports broad usage in professional security scenarios, such as protecting high-profile events, airports, harbors,
prisons and other critical infrastructures
against drones. By combining detection and
classification in just one sensor, the technology saves time in the decision process.
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Taking down the microdrones
(df) Radio-controlled microdrones repeatedly violate the privacy of people and
the boundaries of protected areas. Companies fear industrial espionage, security
personnel fears attacks with small pistols
attached to the drones. The flying objects
can interfere with the safe handling of
air traffic at airports. On the other hand
shooting down these microdrones can also
cause a risk to bystanders, maybe in some
cases more dangerous than the drones
Rohde&Schwarz (R&S) has invented the
R&S ARDRONIS radiomonitoring solution so solve this problem. It will allow law
enforcement agencies to locate the operator of a remote controlled microdrone
and intervene in time. Remote controls
for microdrones usually operate in the 2.4
GHz or 5.8 GHz ISM band, but also in other
frequency bands e.g. 433 MHz or 4.3 GHz.
The R&S ARDRONIS solution monitors the
signals in the relevant frequency bands. It
has an extensive library of drone control signal profiles in order to detect and classify
these types of signals.
R&S ARDRONIS can additionally be equipped with a DF function. The direction information obtained can be used to find
the person with the remote control. If the
drone transmits a video downlink, this signal will also be located. The information
is clearly displayed on a map. Other options are available for R&S ARDRONIS, that
for example purposefully interrupt drone
control signals to prevent the drone from
performing a safety-critical maneuver.
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op te rf ilm
s) Milan replacement starts 2017
(df) In line with the initial schedule defined by the DGA (the French procurement
agency) in 2013, MBDA has started series
production of the MMP (Missile Moyenne
Portée = medium-range missile) system.
First deliveries to the French armed forces
as a replacement for Milan will take place
in 2017.
The final development firing of the MMP
validated a complex scenario in which the
target was hidden at the time of firing and
then designated in flight by the gunner
by means of the seeker‘s feedback image
supplied via a fibre-optic link.
Since the programme was
launched some 20 test firings
and numerous ground tests
have validated the performance
required by the French armed
forces, such as system resistance
and employability in extreme
environment and temperature
conditions, shooting under infra-red guidance at a long-range target (4,100 metres)
or firing in confined spaces, just to name a
Notified by the DGA in 2013, the MMP
programme will provide 2,850 missiles and
400 firing posts to France starting from
2017. The MMP is a fifth generation land
combat missile system ensuring superiority in the battlefield through its versatile
warhead and its two firing modes (“direct
firing” with “fire-and-forget” or “man- inthe- loop” options, and “indirect firing”).
ho to : M
ISSUE 35 / 2016
ho to : T
ha le s)Fleet management services
(df) Thales and Soframe launched
MILFLEET, a set of fleet management services based on predictive maintenance for
military vehicles. Designed for land forces
in France and around the world, MILFLEET
aims to optimise the operational readiness of vehicle fleets, simplifying system
and equipment maintenance and reducing
operating expenditures for more cost-effective through-life support.
The introduction of latest-generation digital vehicles is speeding up the transition to
predictive maintenance practices and the
transfer of maintenance responsibilities to
industry. The platform-agnostic MILFLEET
services solution provides an optimised
vehicle support organisation and ensures the operational readiness of vehicle
With individualised management and
maintenance of vehicle equipment and
systems tailored to the exact requirements
of each customer, the services guarantee
end-to-end security of vehicle data capture, transfer and analysis.
Thales is contributing with their secure information management technologies by
implementing and operating a Health and
Usage Monitoring System (HUMS), which
collects data from embedded in-vehicle
sensors to allow predictive maintenance
and ensure that potential faults are detected. Soframe is responsible for weapon system maintenance, delivery of vehicles to
the point of deployment and supply chain
management for replacement parts.
New Stiletto mast by Will-Burt
(df) The Will-Burt Company has introduced
the Stiletto AL electro-mechanical telescoping mast. The Stiletto family of electro-mechanical telescoping masts provide
pointing accuracy and stability along with
high payload lifting capability.
The Stiletto and Stiletto HD are lightweight
due to the use of composite materials in
their construction and have been used
in military and commercial applications
around the world for a number of years.
The new alloy constructed Stiletto AL delivers the same precise pointing accuracy
and payload management capabilities as
the Stiletto composite mast and is therefore well-suited for military and commercial
The MIL-STD 810 compliant Stiletto AL
was designed with several new features,
like a low wind deflection delivered with
constricting wear bands or the capability
for quiet operation from a DC motor driving an environmentally sealed direct-drive
system. The mast does not require guying
and is self-supporting with high-strength
alloy construction. with this it offers a high
payload lifting capacity up to 158 kg with
patent pending automatic quiet locks and
can cover heights from 4 to 15 metres. This
comes together with a reduced maintenance from a clean air filter system.
ISSUE 35 / 2016
Industry & Trade
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the reference line to:
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eo na rd o) (G
ra ph ic : E
)Airbus DS Electronics and Border
Security becomes Hensoldt
(df) The new sensor house, that already
made a footprint with its name Airbus DS
Electronics and Border Security (EBS), unveiled at Eurosatory its new name Hensoldt. EBS is currently a wholly-owned subsidiary of Airbus Defence and Space.
The Airbus Group has concluded an agreement with the investment company KKR for
the sale of shares and will initially transfer
74.9% of the EBS shares to KKR. The agreement is already cleared by the European
Commission, and is subject to approvals
by the Governments of France and Germany. It is expected to take effect by the first
quarter of 2017 at the latest. Thereafter,
the company will appear under the brand
name “Hensoldt.”
EBS combines various Airbus activities
from the areas of security and defence
electronics and develops innovative products for reconnaissance and intelligence,
the protection of soldiers and the creation
of situation awareness, taking full advantage of the broad technology basis established by its predecessor companies such as
Aerospatiale-Matra, Telefunken, Zeiss and
“We bring together all the essential sensor
technologies irrespective of a platform under a single roof and, as a result, are able
to create exceptionally powerful products
in the area of reconnaissance and intelligence,” explained the managing director,
Thomas Müller, at the press conference in
Paris. “In this way, we ensure the operational capability of the Bundeswehr and the
allied armed forces and make a decisive
contribution to the protection of soldiers.”
Faced with the danger of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) the military needs a set
of specialized equipment to protect their
personnel while detecting, identifying and
addressing threats.
In order to achieve the required level of effectiveness, this equipment must be available, in perfect working order, and delivered on the ground, as close as possible to
the operations.
To meet these requirements, CEFA, ECA and
SCOPEX have grouped together to offer an
integrated solution created with effective
materials and systems to deal with IEDs. All
of these systems are stored in a deployable
shelter, meaning the EOD (Explosive Ordonance Disposal) & C-IED (Counter Improvised Explosive Device) equipment can be
transported directly by road, rail and air to
the military zones of operation.
Leonardo chairs European Land
Defence Industry Group
The European Land Defence Industry
Group, ELDIG, is now chaired by Leonardo-Finmeccanica. President and CEO of Patria Heikki Allonen passed the Presidency
to Roberto Cortesi, Managing Director of
Leonardo-Finmeccanica Defence Systems
Division. The ceremony took place at Eurosatory. ELDIG’s Presidency rotates within
the Group member companies every second year.
ELDIG serves as a forum for the land systems industry under the AeroSpace and
Defence Industries Association of Europe
(ASD), which represents more than 3,000
companies from over 20 nations with
792,000 employees. ELDIG is the common
voice of the European
land defence industry
and represents over
100,000 employees.
“ELDIG is an important
forum, which promotes
the importance of the
land sector and strengthens cooperation
among main industries,
organizations and European authorities
and administration. During Patria’s chairmanship we at ELDIG have achieved major goals with main stakeholders in the
defence sector. We have
also established policies
and created best practices
within the industry. This is
a good basis for LeonardoFinmeccanica to continue
the good, ongoing work,”
highlights Allonen, the former President of ELDIG.

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