Your Driver's Licence - Government Of Prince Edward Island

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1
Chapter 1:
Your Driver’s Licence
2
Chapter 1: Class 5 Driver ’s L icence Checklist
Class 5 Driver’s Licence
Checklist Form
3
Chapter 1: Your Driver ’s L icence
INTRODUCTION
There are a number of things you should know about
your Driver’s Licence and you should read this section
very carefully so that you will understand them.
You need a valid Driver’s Licence to drive a motor
vehicle in Prince Edward Island. It must not be expired,
suspended, cancelled or invalidated. Your Driver’s
Licence gives you the privilege of driving only as long
as you are careful, considerate and obey the traffic
laws; otherwise, it will be suspended.
Drivers’ licences are valid only for the operation of the
class(es) of the vehicle(s) shown on the licence and
are always subject to any restrictions shown on the
licence.
WHO MAY APPLY FOR AN INSTRUCTION PERMIT
If you are 16 years of age or older, you may apply for
an Instruction Permit if your driving privilege is not
under suspension. An Instruction Permit will allow
you to operate a motor vehicle under supervision to
receive instruction. The Instruction Permit is called
a Stage 1 or Class 7 licence and is valid for two years
from date of issue.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED
Every person applying for a first Instruction Permit,
or Driver’s Licence, must produce a birth certificate,
passport, or Immigration papers before a Driver’s
Licence or Instruction Permit will be issued.
If your previous address was outside of Canada, you
must show your Canadian Immigration Identification
Record of Entry form when you apply. The PEI
Association for Newcomers to Canada can assist you
with the translation of your home country’s Driver’s
Licence. There may be a fee for this service.
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Chapter 1: Your Driver ’s L icence
In addition, Acceptable Residency/Address
Information is required. Two pieces of the following
must be shown:
• current utility bills (electric, cable, phone,etc)
• formal rental or lease agreement
• letter of employment on company letterhead or
pay stub with name and address
• mail from Federal or Provincial Government (tax,
GST, correspondence, etc.)
• bank cheque with name and address
• mortgage documents
• credit card bill/bank statement
All of the above must have a name and current Prince
Edward Island address.
INSTRUCTION PERMIT (CLASS 7)
If you are a beginning driver and have reached 16
years of age, you may apply for an Instruction Permit.
To get this permit you must:
• study this Driver’s Handbook carefully;
• make an appointment for your written test and pay
the applicable fee;
• appear at the Highway
Safety office in your
area for written and
sign-recognition tests
based on the Driver’s
Handbook;
• if you are less than 18 years of age,
have your application approved by your parents or
legal guardians by their signing the parents’ consent
form found in the “Co-Pilot” brochure, and present
this consent form along with a birth certificate.
The parents or legal guardian may withdraw such
consent and if notice of withdrawal is given in
writing to the registrar, the permit or licence will be
cancelled at once;
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Chapter 1: Your Driver ’s L icence
• complete a vision test conducted by Highway
Safety Staff; and
• pay Permit Fee.
Driver education schools conduct the Instruction
Permit (Class 7) tests as well as the Driver’s Licence
(Class 5) road tests.
GRADUATED DRIVER LICENSING RESTRICTIONS:
Congratulations! You now have your Instruction
Permit (Class 7, Stage 1) and have become part of
the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Program. The
following restrictions apply:
• You may drive a motor vehicle only when a licensed
driver, who has held a Driver’s Licence for at least
four years, and who does not have a blood alcohol
count of 0.05 or more, occupies the seat beside you.
• The only passengers permitted in the vehicle are the
person providing the instruction and that person’s
immediate family.
• If you are enrolled in a driver education program,
you may take your first road test after waiting 275
days. If you are not enrolled in a driver education
program, you must wait 365 days before taking a
road test.
• Drivers in the GDL Program must have zero blood
alcohol content (BAC).
• Law enforcement has the explicit authority to ask to
see the driver’s licence of the individual providing
the instruction.
• The vehicle operated by the beginner must display
a decal on the vehicle that identifies the operator of
the vehicle as a beginner. (The decal is bright yellow
in colour with a black letter L which is placed just
above the Motor Vehicle Inspection sticker.) It is
made of a material that allows it to be removed so it
can be placed on other vehicles.
• Drivers in the GDL Program may not drive between
the hours of 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. This does not apply to
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Chapter 1: Your Driver ’s L icence
individuals who have an Instruction Permit (Class 7)
and are 21 years old or older.
• Any violation that results in demerit points will
result in the suspension of the Instruction Permit
(Class 7).
• Any conviction you receive for failure to wear a seat
belt while you are in the GDL Program will result
in the suspension of your driver’s licence. The first
offence will result in a suspension of 30 days and
second offence will result in a suspension of 90 days.
In addition, while you are in the GDL Program, and
any passenger fails to wear a seat belt, you may be
issued a fine.
• The use of handheld communication devices such
as cell phones and MP3 players is prohibited for an
individual who is in the Graduated Driver Licensing
Program.
• You must fulfill the requirements of the Novice
Driver Course.
FARM TRACTOR PERMIT
If you are14 years old, you may be licensed to drive a
farm tractor on the highway under the supervision of
a licensed operator with four years experience.
DRIVER EDUCATION LICENSING CERTIFICATION
PROGRAM
If you are a student enrolled in a Driver Education
Course, you will write your Instruction Permit (Class 7)
examination at the driving school. After completion of
the Driver Education Program, the driving school will
also conduct the road test to certify you for a Class
5 Driver’s Licence unless randomly selected to be
evaluated by Highway Safety.
The Province monitors the Driver Education Licensing
Certification Program. You may be required to have
a second road test during your newly licensed driver
probationary period. There is no fee for this evaluation
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Chapter 1: Your Driver ’s L icence
and it will be conducted by a Highway Safety
examiner.
STUDENTS ENROLLED IN A DRIVER EDUCATION
COURSE
If you are a beginning driver enrolled in a licensed
Driver Education Program, to receive your Instruction
Permit (Class 7) you need to:
• successfully complete the written examinations at
an authorized driving school;
• go to the Highway Safety/Access PEI office in your
area for a vision test; and
• if you are less than 18 years of age, have your
application approved by your parents or legal
guardians by their signing the parents’ consent
form found in the “Co-Pilot” brochure, and present
this consent form along with a birth certificate.
Once you have passed the written and vision exams,
you will get an Instruction Permit (Class 7) that has
been certified by your driver education instructor. You
will be issued an Instruction Permit valid for two years.
DRIVER EDUCATION PASSENGER RESTRICTIONS
• During this time the holder of an instruction
permit is accompanied by a licensed instructor
giving instruction to persons enrolled in a
recognized motor vehicle driver instruction course
and no more than four persons not including the
instructor are in the motor vehicle.
• You may also operate a motor vehicle if a licensed
operator, who has held a valid Driver’s Licence for at
least four years, occupies the seat beside you, and
no other people, except members of the immediate
family of the licensed driver, are allowed in the
vehicle.
• You must wait a minimum 275 days before a road
test can be conducted by the driving school for
certification of a Class 5 Driver’s Licence.
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Chapter 1: What the Tests Are All About
• When you successfully complete the road test by
the driver education school instructor, you must
return to the Highway Safety/Access PEI office to get
your photo Driver’s Licence.
NOTE:
The Instruction Permit (Class 7) is not a Class 5 Driver’s
Licence. It remains an Instruction Permit until a
photo driver licence has been issued. You must get
your Class 5 photo licence within 30 days after you
successfully complete the road test. If you do not,
you may have to be retested by a Highway Safety
examiner and pay the appropriate fees.
These tests are to protect the general public from
incapable drivers. They are not designed to keep you
off the road but to point out areas where you
can improve. The tests represent the minimum
requirements for safe and courteous driving practices.
Passing the tests does not guarantee that you will
never become involved in a collision. As the number of
cars on the road increases, the risk of collision
increases. There are many traffic signs and controls
that you must recognize and obey. Driving makes
great demands on drivers. You must be skillful, alert
and always practise care, caution and courtesy.
THE KNOWLEDGE TEST
You will take a written or oral test which examines
your knowledge of traffic laws and safe driving
practices. This test includes recognition of standard
road signs. All of this information can be found in this
handbook.
If you can’t read and understand the written test, you
may ask for an oral test. You will be asked about the
rules of the road and safe driving practices,
recognition of road signs by their shape, and your
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Chapter 1: What the Tests Are All About
ability to read and understand the meaning of the
signs. If you do not successfully complete the written
or oral test, you may make an appointment and take
another test at a later date.
THE VISION TEST
You must meet certain vision
standards. If you cannot meet these
standards, you may be referred to an
eye specialist (ophthalmologist or
optometrist) to have the findings
checked. If you cannot meet the
vision standards without the aid of
corrective lenses (glasses or contact
lenses), you must obtain and wear corrective lenses
while driving. Your Instruction Permit and Driver’s
Licence will contain a condition allowing you to drive
a motor vehicle only while wearing corrective lenses.
You will also be given:
• a colour vision test;
• a distance judgment test; and
• a field of vision test.
Any deficiencies uncovered by these tests will be
carefully explained to you so that you can compensate
for them in your driving. For example, if you are colour
blind, you will have to learn the relative positions of
the traffic signal lights. You will also have to exercise
greater care when visibility is poor and certain
coloured cars may blend into the background, making
them invisible to you.
If your field of vision is very narrow, you may be
refused a licence until the defect is corrected. In some
cases you may get a licence if your vehicle is equipped
with mirrors which give the driver a clear view to
the rear and both sides. In this case your licence will
restrict you to driving with this kind of equipment at
all times. If you cannot meet the minimum vision
standard, even with glasses, you will be refused a
licence.
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Chapter 1: What the Tests Are All About
THE NOVICE DRIVER COURSE
If you have an Instruction Permit (Class 7), you must
complete the Novice Driver Course before you are
eligible for a road test. This material is covered in
the classroom component of the Driver Education
Program. It is the beginning of the most important
stage of your driving experience - learning how to
operate a motor vehicle properly and safely.
The Novice Driver Course
explains:
• the Graduated Driver
Licensing Program;
• the demerit point system;
• impaired driving aspects
of the Criminal Code;
• alcohol and drug education; and
• how to handle certain driving conditions.
The course lasts about five hours and is usually taught
in two separate sessions. You must register in
advance. Bring your Instruction Permit to the first class.
To inquire about a course location and to register, call
a Highway Safety/Access PEI office near you.
THE ROAD TEST
You must provide the vehicle for your road test, and
you must be accompanied by a licensed driver. Motor
vehicles used for the driving test will be checked
before your test for:
• valid licence plates;
• lights;
• horn;
• a rear-view mirror;
• seat belts;
• windshield wipers;
• muffler;
• brakes;
• tires;
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Chapter 1: What the Tests Are All About
• windshield;
• window glass;
• valid inspection sticker; and
• speedometer.
A driving test will not be given in any vehicle which
is unsafe or does not meet equipment requirements.
All vehicles for road tests must be covered by public
liability insurance. Proof of insurance, in the form of
a pink insurance card, must be produced before the
road test. A valid copy of the vehicle registration is also
required.
THE PURPOSES OF THE ROAD TEST ARE:
• to measure your ability to operate the vehicle
properly and safely under typical driving conditions;
• to determine whether or not retraining is necessary;
• to serve as a basis for additional training; and
• to assist you in correcting errors uncovered during
the test.
Your examiner will tell you
about the procedure of the
road test. Simply follow the
instructions of the
examiner who will ride with
you. During the driving test,
do not talk unnecessarily
with the examiner, as this may distract your attention
from your driving. The examiner will not coach you
during the driving test. If there are questions you
would like to ask, do so before the start of the test. No
other person will be permitted to ride in the vehicle
during the test.
The road test is a sample of your ability to perform
certain maneuvres properly and safely, you will be
checked on:
• starting;
• stopping;
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
• turning;
• parking;
• traffic signs and signals;
• travelling through controlled, partly controlled and
uncontrolled intersections;
• anticipation of potentially hazardous conditions,
• attitude toward others; and
• other safe driving practices given throughout this
handbook.
The examiner will analyse your driving and make
suggestions about ways to improve your driving skills.
Please cooperate with the examiner as he or she is
trying to assist you in obtaining a Driver’s Licence.
NOTE: Drivers must comply with all conditions on
their Driver’s Licence. Failure to do so is an offence
under the Highway Traffic Act.
The growth in the number and variety of motor
vehicles requires frequent updating of the
qualifications of drivers. Under the Classified Licence
System, drivers are licensed for the class or classes
of vehicles for which they are qualified to operate.
Drivers must meet vision, physical fitness, knowledge
and skill standards for the particular class or classes of
vehicles they wish to operate.
Drivers who are learning to operate vehicles in Classes
5, 6 and 9 must obtain an Instruction Permit (Class 7).
Drivers applying to learn to operate vehicles in Classes
1, 2, 3 or 4 must have a valid Class 5 Driver’s Licence
for a minimum of two years as an Instruction Permit
for the class of vehicle for which they wish to take
instruction. They must be accompanied by a licensed
driver who has held a valid class of licence for at least
four years for the vehicle in which instruction is being
given.
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
NOTE: All Driver’s Licences expire at midnight on the
birthday of the licensed driver.
NOTE: Instruction Permits (Class 7) are valid for two
years from the date of issue.
ALLOWING SOMEONE TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
Make sure anyone who drives your vehicle holds a
valid Driver’s Licence or Instruction Permit (in which
case, he or she is accompanied by a licensed driver
who has held a valid Driver’s Licence for at least four
years).
MOTORCYCLE OPERATORS’ LICENCES
To qualify for a Motorcycle
Operator’s Licence a motorcycle
operator must successfully
complete a knowledge test, a
vision test and a road test on a
motorcycle. The procedures for
obtaining a Motorcycle Operator’s Licence are very
similar to those for obtaining a Class 5 Driver’s Licence.
The holder of an Instruction Permit who takes a road
test on a motorcycle but not in a car, will be issued a
licence specifying motorcycle operation only. During
the 356 days after receiving an Instruction Permit to
practise driving a motorcycle, a small, yellow learner’s
decal will be reqired to be placed on the back of the
motorcycle operator’s helmet.
Drivers who hold a valid Class 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 licence may
apply for a Motorcycle Instruction Permit. This permit
has the following conditions:
• daytime use only within 30 km of residence;
• NO passengers; and
• valid for 30 days from the date of endorsement.
CHANGE OF NAME OR ADDRESS
If you change your name by marriage or other legal
process, you must have your licence endorsed with a
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
change of name or address within 10 days from the
effective date of the change. There is no charge for
this service.
Change of an address must be reported to the
registrar of motor vehicles within 30 days from the
effective day of the change. Failure to notify the
registrar of a change of name or address is an offence
under the Highway Traffic Act.
Change of name or address may be reported to any of
the Highway Safety/Access PEI offices.
LOST, DESTROYED OR ILLEGIBLE LICENCES
If you lose or misplace your Driver’s Licence or if it
becomes illegible, you must apply for a duplicate
licence. There is a fee for this service. Bring the number
of the licence to be replaced and the date that licence
was issued. If you don’t have this information, bring
your birth certificate with you.
Duplicate licences may be applied for at any Highway
Safety/Access PEI office.
OUT-OF-PROVINCE DRIVERS’ LICENCES
If you are 16 years or older and you hold a valid
Driver’s Licence from another province, state, territory
or country, you may drive in PEI for up to 120 days if
you have not been prohibited from driving under the
laws of any province, state, territory or country. You are
subject to any limitations or restrictions on the licence.
You may only drive a vehicle of the class for which you
are authorized to drive under the licence held.
Seasonal workers (as defined in Highway Safety Act
Section 80(3) ) to drive vehicles in PEI require a Class 5
driver’s license and may drive for a period of 8 months
if they have in their possession a valid Foreign Driver’s
License that does allow for the operation of vehicles
that would require a Class 5 in PEI and an International
Driving Permit (IDP)
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
This does not apply if you are attending university or
college full-time.
LICENCE EXCHANGE
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick:
• A former resident of Nova Scotia or New Brunswick
who holds a valid Class 5 Driver’s Licence and is now
a resident of Prince Edward Island may exchange
their Class 5 Driver’s Licence at no charge.
• The PEI licence will be issued up to the amount of
time allowed on a PEI driver’s licence.
• The out-of-province licence must be surrendered
when you get your PEI licence or Class 7.
All other residents:
• A valid Driver’s Licence from other Canadian
provinces and territories and the United States
expired less than three years may be exchanged
without written, vision or driving tests (immigration
visa and passport required if applicant was born
outside of Canada).
• Most foreign licences are not acceptable for
exchange. Written, vision and driving tests must be
successfully completed.
• Any person applying for a PEI Driver’s Licence with
a previous address outside of Canada must produce
a Canadian Immigration Identification Record of
Entry form and a passport at the time of application.
• Where no proof can be shown of previous licensing,
all applicants must undergo a normal Instruction
Permit (Class 7) procedure including successful
completion of written and vision tests, issuance of
an Instruction Permit (Class 7), and successfully
complete the driving test.
• The out-of-province licence must be surrendered at
the time of issue of the PEI licence.
• International licences are not proof of previous
licence and are not exchangeable.
16
Chapter 1: Classified Licences
INSTRUCTION PERMIT(CLASS 7) EXCHANGE
• The Instruction Permit (Class 7) must be valid.
• You must have residency on PEI.
• A Driver Education Program must have been
completed with proof, i.e., Driver Education
Certificate, or a letter from a recognized driving
school. If no Driver Education Program was
completed, you must take the Novice Driver Course.
• Valid Canadian Instruction permits (Class 7) are
exchangeable. Waiting periods and required
courses may apply prior to taking a road test.
• Only Instruction permits from Canada are
exchangeable.
EXPIRED INSTRUCTION PERMITS
Applicants with Instruction Permits expired less than
one year may be re-issued for two years without
waiting period. Permits expired more than one year
but less than three years successfully complete a
written exam without a waiting period. Permits
expired more than three years successfully complete
a written exam and the 365-day waiting period will
apply. Fees will apply.
RENEWING OR OBTAINING A DRIVER’S LICENCE
You may apply for a Driver’s Licence:
• if you have never been licensed as a driver;
• if you allow your Driver’s Licence to expire over an
allotted time; and
• if the only licence you hold is a licence from another
country which is not honoured in this province.
Anyone who holds a valid licence may be required
to be retested. You may be retested if you have had a
number of collisions and/or convictions, your licence
has been suspended for any cause or you suffer from a
medical condition that may affect your driving.
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
CLASS 1
CLASS 2
CLASS 3
CLASS 4
CLASS 5
CLASS 6
CLASS 7
CLASS 8
CLASS 9
CLASS 1
CLASS 1 VEHICLES are any combinations of a trucktractor and trailer, fifth wheel with air brakes, but not
a bus carrying passengers.
A CLASS 1 Licence permits the holder to operate all
motor vehicles in Classes 1, 3, 5, 8 and 9.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 1 Licence:
Have successfully completed the GDL Program;
minimum age: 19 years; a medical certificate is
required; you must meet prescribed
vision standards; pass written
tests on air brake
operation; and pass a
road test in a Class 1
vehicle.
NOTE:
Drivers in the Graduated Driver Licensing Program
must exit Stage 3 before they are eligible to obtain a
Class 1, 2, 3, or 4 Drivers Licence.
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
CLASS 3
CLASS 3 VEHICLES are trucks exceeding 14,000 kgs
gross mass or any combination of such vehicles;
any special mobile equipment; and gooseneck trailers.
A CLASS 3 Licence permits the holder to operate all
motor vehicles in Classes 3, 5, 8 and 9.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 3 Licence
Have successfully completed the GDL Program;
minimum age: 19 years; a medical certificate is
required; you must meet prescribed vision standards;
pass written tests on air brake operation where
required; and pass a road test in a Class 3 vehicle, or
Class 5 with a gooseneck trailer.
CLASS 2
CLASS 2 VEHICLES are buses carrying more than 24
passengers, including school buses.
A CLASS 2 Licence permits the holder to operate all
motor vehicles in Classes 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 9.
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CLASS 2 Licence:
Have successfully completed the GDL Program;
minimum age: 19 years (21 years for a school bus)
a medical certificate is required; you must meet
prescribed vision standards; pass written tests on air
brake operation; and pass a road test in a
Class 2 vehicle. School bus operators
must have held a Class
1, 3, 4 or 5 licence for
at least five years
preceding
application.
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
CLASS 4
CLASS 4 VEHICLES are any motor vehicles used as
ambulance, taxis or buses carrying 24 passengers
or less.
A CLASS 4 Licence permits the holder to operate all
motor vehicles in Classes 4, 5, 8 and 9.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 4 Licence
Have successfully completed the GDL Program;
minimum age: 19 years; a medical certificate is
required; you must meet prescribed vision standards;
and pass a road test in a Class 4 vehicle.
CLASS 5
CLASS 5 VEHICLES are any motor vehicles not
exceeding 14,000 kgs gross mass, and any
combination of such vehicles and a towed vehicle not
exceeding a gross mass of 4,500 kg, but excluding
(a) a motorcycle; or
(b) a bus carrying passengers.
A CLASS 5 Licence permits the holder to operate all
motor vehicles in Classes 5, 8 and 9.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 5 Licence
Have successfully completed the GDL Program;
minimum age: 17; a medical certificate is required
when requested; you must meet prescribed vision
standards; pass written or oral tests on basic rules and
signs (not required if a holder of a Class 6 or 7 licence);
and pass a road test in a Class 5 vehicle.
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
CLASS 6 are motorcycles.
A CLASS 6 Licence permits the holder to operate all
motor vehicles in Classes 6 and 8 only.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 6 Licence
Minimum age: 17 years; a medical certificate is
required when requested; you must meet prescribed
vision standards; pass written or oral tests on this class
of vehicle; pass a road
test in a Class 6 vehicle;
parental approval if
under age 18; and
a birth certificate is
required (not required
if a holder of any
other class of
licence).
Less than
4,500 kgs
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Chapter 1: Classified Licences
CLASS 7 is an instruction permit.
A CLASS 7 Licence permits the holder to operate
a motor vehicle in Classes 5, 6, 8 and 9 when
accompanied by a licenced driver for that class of
vehicle.
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CLASS 7 Licence (Instruction
Permit):
Minimum age: 16 years; a medical certificate is
required when requested; you must meet prescribed
vision standards; pass written or oral and sign
recognition tests; and parental approval is
required if less than 18 years; a
birth certificate or passport
is required.
CLASS 8
CLASS 8 VEHICLES are mopeds (pedal-assisted).
A CLASS 8 Licence permits the holder to operate Class
8 vehicles only.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 8 Licence
Minimum age: 17 years; a medical certificate is
required when requested; you must meet prescribed
vision standards; pass
written or oral and sign
recognition tests; pass
a road test on a Class 8
vehicle; parental approval
is required if less than
18 years; and a birth
certificate is required
(not required if a holder
of any other class of
licence).
22
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
You may not operate, or being the owner, allow
another person to operate a motor vehicle on a
highway in Prince Edward Island unless:
• the motor vehicle is registered;
• any trailer drawn by the motor vehicle is registered;
• the vehicle and trailer have a licence according
to its class; and
• the motor vehicle and trailer have the proper
number plates, valid inspection stickers or markers
which have been issued under the Highway Traffic
Act.
IN-TRANSIT PERMITS
Permits for single journeys of unregistered unladen
vehicles may be issued by the registrar of motor
vehicles, for a fee, for such purposes as movement to a
registration office for registration of the vehicle or
movement of the vehicle from one place to another
for repairs or for inspection prior to registration, etc.
CLASS 9
CLASS 9 VEHICLES are farm tractors.
A CLASS 9 Licence permits the holder to operate Class
9 vehicles only.
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CLASS 9 Licence
Minimum age: 14 years; a medical certificate is
required when requested; you must meet prescribed
vision standards; pass written or oral and sign
recognition tests; and a birth certificate is required and
parental approval required if less
than 18 years. There is no road test
required for this class.
23
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
Proof of public liability must be shown when making
application for in-transit permits.
APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION
To apply for registration, you need:
• the proper application form from your Highway
Safety/Access PEI office;
• the public liability insurance card; and
• a successful motor vehicle inspection report form.
An application for registration of a vehicle owned by a
corporate body should be signed by a signing officer,
on behalf of that body.
A Highway Safety official may require that the vehicle
be re-examined at your expense to confirm its
condition. An inspector may ask you to dismantle and
expose any part of the vehicle.
NUMBER PLATES
Highway Safety issues one number plate only for all
vehicles including trailers, motorcycles and mopeds.
Validation stickers may be issued to put on the
number plate. Make sure the plate is always securely
fastened to the vehicle. It must be at least 200
millimetres (12 inches) from the ground measured
from the bottom of the plate.
Motorcycle and trailer plates must be clearly visible
from the rear.
Keep your number plate clean and in good condition
so it is always clearly visible and legible. The vehicle
or its equipment or load must not obscure the view of
the plate. At night a rear light must shine on the plate.
Do not put a plate or number on your vehicle which
could be confused with your proper number plate.
24
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
PARKING PERMIT FOR THE PHYSICALLY
CHALLENGED
Hanging passes for the physically
challenged are also available
for use on vehicles. To obtain a
Parking Permit application contact
the Council of the Disabled or one
of the Access PEI sites. Application
forms must be completed by
a doctor and returned to the
Council of the Disabled. There is
an annual fee for the permit.
REGISTRATION PERMIT
The registration permit will be kept in the vehicle for
which it is issued and the driver of the vehicle will
produce the permit whenever a traffic officer or an
inspector asks for it.
Access for the
physically
challenged.
A traffic officer may seize the plate if he or she
suspects that:
• it was issued for a different vehicle;
• it was obtained by false pretenses; or
• it is being used contrary to the act or the
regulations.
The traffic officer may keep the number plate until the
facts about the plate have been determined.
PERSONALIZED PLATES
Personalized plates are available and may be used on
vehicles normally requiring
passenger vehicle or
commercial plates. There is
an additional fee for these
plates.
Applications for personalized plates may be obtained
from any Highway Safety/Access PEI office.
25
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
MOTORCYCLE REGISTRATION
All motorcycles and mopeds operated on public
streets and highways must be registered and must
display valid licence plates. Motorcycles and mopeds
must be covered by public liability insurance in order
to be registered.
NOTE: Minibikes are not registered for highway use on
Prince Edward Island. They cannot be used on public
roads or sidewalks. They MUST be registered for offhighway use according to the Off-Highway Vehicle Act
and display an off-highway vehicle plate.
OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES
Off-highway vehicles are important equipment to
farmers, wood lot operators, trappers and others
whose jobs require travel over rough terrain; however,
the vast majority of them are used for recreation –
sometimes by people who lack experience with either
the vehicle or the environment, or both.
Off-highway vehicles may be fun, but they are not
toys. With a capacity for speeds up to 100 kilometres
per hour, these machines can be dangerous in the
hands of inexperienced operators.
In addition to the risk of injury, off-highway vehicles
can do serious environmental damage, destroy crops
or harm private property. The restrictions placed on
the use of off-highway vehicles are intended to lessen
the potential for injury or property damage, without
26
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
recommended by the manufacturer for the age
and weight of the operator.
• No person shall operate an off-highway vehicle in
the ditch next to a highway.
• The owner of the off-highway vehicle is prohibited
from permitting a person to operate it, unless the
person holds a valid driver’s licence and the person
has held a driver’s licence for 24 months; or has
successfully completed an off-highway vehicle
safety training course approved by the registrar.
• No person shall operate an off-highway vehicle by
crossing a highway unless that person holds a
valid driver’s licence and that person has held a
driver’s licence for 24 months; or has successfully
completed an off-highway vehicle safety training
course approved by the registrar.
• Any person who is less than 14 years of age is
prohibited from operating an off-highway vehicle,
other than a snowmobile.
depriving responsible operators and their families
of the benefits and pleasures of using off-highway
vehicles.
The following is a list of all vehicles included in the PEI
Off-Highway Vehicle Act:
• four-wheel drive or low pressure tire vehicles,
• power motorcycles and related two-wheel vehicles,
• amphibious machines,
• all terrain vehicles, and
• snow vehicles.
NOTE:
Effective February 10, 2007, the following regulations
came into effect:
• No person shall operate an off-highway vehicle
without protective clothing and equipment.
• No person shall operate an off-highway vehicle
that has an engine size in excess of that
27
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
• No person who is 14 or 15 years of age shall
operate an off-highway vehicle, other than a
snowmobile, unless that person has successfully
completed an off-highway vehicle safety training
course approved by the registrar and that
person is supervised by an adult who meets
certain requirements.
• If you are16 years of age or older, you must have
held a driver’s licence for 24 months; or have
successfully completed an ATV safety training
course approved by the registrar.
• The owner of an off-highway vehicle is prohibited
from permitting the operation of the off-highway
vehicle by a person who is prohibited from
operating it.
REGISTRATION OF SNOWMOBILES
Registration is required for snowmobiles annually on
or before November 30. If a transfer of ownership
occurs, the snowmobile must be registered in the
new owner’s name within seven days from the date
of purchase. All other off-highway vehicles have to be
registered only once by the owner and have to be reregistered only if there is a transfer of ownership.
When a snowmobile is registered, a number plate is
provided which must be firmly attached to the rear of
the machine. If the number plate should become lost
or illegible, the owner must purchase a new plate
from any office of Highway Safety/Access PEI.
OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE REGISTRATION
All off-highway vehicles must be registered. You must
produce the certificate of registration if any peace
officer asks for it.
28
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
NON-RESIDENT PRIVILEGES
If you are a non-resident of Prince Edward Island,
you may operate your passenger vehicle which is
registered in your province, state, territory or country
for your own private use in Prince Edward Island for up
to four months in any year without registering the
vehicle here.
If you are a non-resident who enters Prince Edward
Island with the vehicle to solicit business, you may
operate the vehicle in this province for up to 10 days
in any year without registering the vehicle.
No commercial motor vehicle owned or operated by
or on behalf of a non-resident may be operated in
Prince Edward Island unless it is registered here.
Every vehicle owned or operated by a non-resident in
this province is subject to all the restrictions and
A peace officer is any police officer, a Highway Safety
officer or a park warden. The peace officer will give
the vehicle operator reasonable time to produce the
certificate of registration. If you do not follow this rule,
you may be found guilty of an offence and be fined.
CHANGE OF NAME OR ADDRESS
If a motor vehicle’s certificate of registration is issued
to you and you later change your name or address,
you must notify the Highway Safety office of the
change within 30 days.
EXPIRATION OF REGISTRATION
All vehicle registrations, including the licence or
identification plate, marker and permit expire on the
registered owner’s birthday or company’s registration
date.
29
Chapter 1: Vehicle Registration
The vehicle registration permit, the motor vehicle
inspection report form and proof of liability insurance
must be presented to the Highway Safety/Access PEI
Office, and the required fee paid.
Most registered motor vehicles and trailers must have
a yearly safety inspection at an official inspection
station. These stations are situated all across the
province. An authorized inspection mechanic will
conduct a prescribed safety inspection in accordance
with Motor Vehicle Inspection Regulations. A motor
vehicle inspection approval sticker will be placed in
a prescribed area. It must be kept in good condition.
You will also receive a motor vehicle inspection report
that must be kept in good condition in the vehicle and
must be shown to a peace officer on request. Approval
stickers issued for the month in which a vehicle was
inspected will normally be valid until the end of that
month in the following year.
control which apply to a vehicle registered in the
province.
For all other non-Canadian residents, they are
permitted to drive in PEI with an immigration visa,
a valid passport and a valid foreign driver’s licence.
Foreign driver’s licences must be turned in before a PEI
driver’s licence is issued. Foreign driver’s licences are
valid to drive with for 120 days upon entry into PEI.
TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP
Whenever the owner of a registered vehicle transfers
or sells the vehicle the owner must, within seven days
of the transfer, notify Highway Safety of the transfer
on a Notification of Transfer form (contained on the
vehicle registration permit or available from any
Highway Safety/Access PEI office). The new owner
must within seven days of the transfer have the
registration permit transferred into his/her name.
30
Chapter 1: Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection
REJECTED VEHICLES
The owner or operator of a rejected vehicle has 10
days from the date of rejection to have the defects
corrected and the vehicle re-inspected. This does not
permit the operation of an unsafe vehicle during this
time.
The Highway Traffic Act
requires all equipment on your vehicle which must be
maintained in good working order.
Note:
While a rejected sticker is
valid for 10 days after it has
been punched, it will not be
accepted on a vehicle to be
used for a driving test.
You cannot register a vehicle that you have bought
unless it has a valid approval sticker. The registrar
or any peace officer may order a vehicle to be reinspected at any time.
When a registered owner takes up residence in Prince
Edward Island, a private passenger vehicle inspected
in either Nova Scotia or New Brunswick may be
registered without local inspection. Its provincial
inspection will be considered valid for one year from
the date of inspection. Prior to that expiry date, it
must have an inspection in Prince Edward Island.
Vehicles from all other places must be inspected in
Prince Edward Island before being registered here.
31
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
TIP: Check all your vehicle lights regularly and keep
them clean.
HEAD LAMPS
Every motor vehicle other than a motorcycle must be
equipped with at least two head lamps at the front
and on opposite sides of the vehicle. These lights
should produce a colourless driving light that is not
glaring or dazzling. The head lamps on a motor vehicle
will provide at least two beams, high and low, either of
which may be selected by the driver according to the
requirements of traffic.
TIP: Have your head lamps checked periodically by a
qualified mechanic to ensure they are properly aimed.
NOTE: Aftermarket headlight covers are not permitted.
HEAD LAMPS AND REAR LAMPS
Every vehicle on the highway must be equipped with
front and rear lamps as required for each class of
vehicle. These lamps must be lighted during the
period from sunset to sunrise, and at any other time
when visibility is limited by fog, rain, snow or other
atmospheric conditions, or when there is not sufficient
light to see a person or a vehicle on the highway 150
metres (500 feet) ahead. At times when lights are
required, it is illegal to use parking lights alone.
All vehicles 1990 and newer must be equipped with
daytime driving lights.
These lights will come
on automatically when
the vehicle engine is
started.
32
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
TAIL LAMPS
Every motor vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer that is being
towed must have at the rear two lamps which exhibit
a red light plainly visible under normal atmospheric
conditions at a distance of 150 metres (500 feet) to
the rear. A white light illuminating the number plate
which enables the plate to be read from a distance of
15 metres (50 feet) is also required.
FLASHING LIGHTS
The use of flashing or revolving lights on motor
vehicles is restricted. A flashing red light visible from
the front may only be used on:
• an ambulance (red);
• a police vehicle (red
and blue);
• fire department vehicle
(red);
• a school bus while taking
on or unloading passengers (red);
• the cars of voluntary fire department members,
when acting in an emergency (red); or
• hearses (purple).
A flashing/revolving/strobe AMBER light visible from
any direction may only be used on:
• service trucks or towing trucks which are equipped
for lifting and towing vehicles, when towing or
rendering service to a disabled motor vehicle;
• vehicles of the Department of Transportation and
Infrstructure Renewal, or of a city or town, being
used for removal of snow or maintenance of the
highway; and
• school buses, which must be equipped with flashing
red and amber lights.
In addition, flashing amber lights may be used on:
• a vehicle transporting explosives; or
• a motor vehicle towing an oversized load.
33
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
CLEARANCE LAMPS AND REFLECTORS
Every vehicle other than a standard passenger motor
vehicle having a width in excess of two metres (80
inches) must have:
• on the front, two amber clearance lamps, one at
each side;
• on the rear and as high as practical, two red
clearance lamps, one at each side, visible for
150 metres (500 feet);
• in the centre, three indicator lamps;
• on each side, two amber reflectors, one at or near
the front and one at or near the midpoint; and
• at the rear, a red marker light.
STOP LIGHTS
All motor vehicles required to be registered must be
equipped with two “stop” lights. These must give a red
signal to the rear of the vehicle that is plainly visible in
normal sunlight from a distance of 150 metres
(500 feet).
They must light up when the brakes are applied. They
may or may not be the same as the signal lamp unit.
SIGNAL LIGHTS
When a vehicle is equipped with signal lights to signal
the driver’s intention to turn, the signal lights must
give an amber or yellow signal to the front and a red
or an amber signal to the rear, on or toward the side of
the vehicle in the direction in which the turn is to be
made. A signal must not project a glaring or dazzling
light. Electric turn indicators must show a flashing
light to indicate a turn and must have a device within
the driver’s vision to indicate to the driver that the
turn indicators are working.
PARKING LIGHTS
Whenever a vehicle is stopped or parked along the
right side of the highway during the times when lights
are required, the vehicle must display its parking lights,
which are two amber lights visible from the front of
34
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
the vehicle and two red lights visible to the rear of the
vehicle from a distance of 150 metres (500 feet). If the
stopped vehicle presents a temporary hazard to other
traffic, its flashing hazard lights should be displayed.
BRAKES
Every motor vehicle including a motorcycle must be
equipped with adequate brakes, having two separate
means of application. Parking/emergency brakes must
be kept in effective working order.
HORN
Every motor vehicle must be equipped with a horn in
good working order capable of being heard at a
distance of 60 metres (200 feet). Sound your horn
whenever it is reasonably necessary to do so and
when passing another vehicle. It is an offence to use a
bell, siren, compression or exhaust whistle on a private
vehicle or to use the approved horn when
unnecessary.
MIRROR
Every motor vehicle must be equipped with a mirror
that reflects to the driver a view of the highway for
at least 60 metres (200 feet) behind the vehicle. An
outside rear-view mirror on both sides of a motor
vehicle is required when the view to the rear is
obstructed by a trailer being towed or by the load of
the vehicle.
WINDSHIELDS AND WINDOWS
Every motor vehicle operated on a highway, except a
motorcycle, construction equipment or farm
equipment, must be equipped with a windshield.
Windshields and windows must be kept clear of
all non-transparent material other than stickers or
devices required or permitted to be displayed by the
Highway Traffic Act and its Regulations. The glass in the
windshield or any window must not be broken,
shattered or otherwise damaged or discoloured,
35
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
and must be kept completely clear of snow, ice, dirt or
other matter that obstructs the driver’s vision.
TINTED GLASS OR WINDOW GLAZING
It is illegal to apply or operate a motor vehicle with
aftermarket vehicle glass darkening material to the
windshield and the front side windows. It is permitted
on the rear side windows and the rear window, if you
have two side mirrors.
WINDSHIELD WIPERS
Every motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or farm
tractor must be equipped with a device for cleaning
rain, snow or moisture from the driver’s and
passenger’s side of the windshield. The driver must be
able to control and operate the windshield wipers. The
wipers must be kept in good working order.
ORNAMENTS
Ornaments and decorations, either inside or outside of
the vehicle, must be located so that they do not
obstruct the vision or distract the attention of the
driver.
FLAG OR LIGHT AT END OF LOAD
Whenever the load of any motor vehicle extends more
than 1.2 metres (four feet) beyond the rear of the
body, a red flag not less than 0.3 metres (12 inches) in
length and width must be displayed during daylight
hours. A red light which is plainly visible for 150 metres
(500 feet) must be displayed during hours of darkness.
SLOW-MOVING VEHICLE SIGN
Any motor vehicle not capable of maintaining a rate of
speed in excess of 40 km/hr (25 mph) under normal
conditions and every farm tractor must display a slowmoving vehicle sign at the rear.
36
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
MUFFLER
No person may drive a motor vehicle on a highway
unless the vehicle is equipped with a muffler in good
working order so as to prevent excessive or unusual
noise. The use of a muffler cut-out bypass, straight
exhaust, gutted muffler, Hollywood muffler or similar
device is prohibited. In addition, the engine of any
vehicle may not emit excessive smoke or fumes.
SPEEDOMETER, BUMPERS, SAFETY GLASS, TIRES
Motor vehicles must be equipped with:
• a speedometer in good working order;
• front and rear bumpers (if the motor vehicle has
been so designed by the manufacturer); and
• tires must be replaced if their tread depth is less
than 1.6 mm (2/32 of an inch) when measured in
any three locations 120 degrees apart.
FLARES OR LANTERNS
A passenger vehicle with a seating capacity of eight
passengers or more and a vehicle having a capacity
of more than one-half ton of freight must be equipped
with at least two flares, reflectors or red lanterns,
and two red flags for warning other drivers of an
emergency breakdown.
A commercial vehicle of 2.05 metres (80 inches) or
more in width, a passenger bus with a seating capacity
of eight or more, and a motor vehicle towing a travel
trailer must be equipped with at least three flares or
three red electric lanterns, each of which is capable
of being seen at a distance of 150 metres (500 feet)
under normal nighttime conditions.
A truck tractor or vehicle carrying flammable liquids in
bulk or compressed flammable gases must be
equipped with at least three red electric lanterns.
37
Chapter 1: Required Vehicle Equipment
When any vehicle becomes disabled on the travelled
portion of any highway or shoulder at any time when
lighted lamps are required on vehicles, its driver
must display three lighted lanterns or flares, one at
a distance of 30 metres (100 feet) to the rear of the
vehicle, one at a distance of 30 metres (100 feet) to the
front of the vehicle and one on the traffic side of the
vehicle approximately three metres (10 feet) rearward
or forward. During daytime hours these vehicles are
required to display two red flags on the roadway in
the lane of traffic it occupies at distances of 30 metres
(100 feet) to the front and the rear of the vehicle. Flares
should be displayed in poor weather conditions or
when the vehicle has to be stopped where oncoming
drivers cannot easily see it.
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Every commercial vehicle transporting any explosives
as cargo must be equipped with not less than two fire
extinguishers, filled and ready for use. Every school bus
must be equipped with at least one fire extinguisher,
filled and ready for use.
WIDTH, HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF VEHICLE
No vehicle may exceed a total outside width, including
loads, of 2.6 metres (102 inches), or a height of
4.15 metres (14 feet, six inches) without a special
permit. A single motor vehicle may not exceed a
length of 12.5 metres (40 feet), and a combination
of vehicles coupled together may not exceed a total
length of 25 metres (81 feet) without a special permit.
TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS
Only qualified people may transport dangerous goods.
It is illegal to transport these materials in your vehicle.
Always make sure that you know the law and follow
all safety precautions when hauling these types of
materials.
38
Chapter 1: Transportation of Dangerous Goods
Class 1
Explosives
Class 2.1
Compressed Gas
Class 2.2
Non-flammable
Non-toxic
Class 3
Flammable Liquids
Class 6
6.1 Poisonous
Substances
Class 7
Radioactive
Class 4
Flammable Solids
and Spontaneous
Combustion
Class 5
Oxidizers and Organic
Peroxides
Class 8
Corrosives
Class 9
Misc. Products and
Substances
39
Chapter 1: Help Protect the Environment
SAVE ENERGY, SAVE MONEY
You can control the costs of operating a vehicle and
minimize the emissions it produces by making a
commitment to drive less and to drive more efficiently.
The following tips can improve your fuel efficiency by
helping you drive the Auto$mart way.
Maintain your vehicle. Give your car a full tune-up,
including an oil and oil filter change. Oil breaks down
under use and won’t lubricate, cool or protect as well.
A poorly tuned engine increases fuel consumption.
And a well-tuned engine minimizes engine wear.
Measure the inflation pressure of your tires at least
once a month when the tires are cold (i.e., when your
vehicle has not been driven for at least three hours or
when it has been driven for less than two kilometres).
Warm tires give an inaccurate reading because heat
buildup increases tire pressure during use.
Under-inflated tires wear faster, waste fuel and are
unsafe.
Idling consumes fuel. Ten seconds of idling can use
up more fuel than restarting the engine. Turn off the
ignition if you are waiting for someone.
Using an air conditioner in stop-and-go traffic can
increase fuel consumption by as much as 20 per
cent. To stay cool at highway speeds, use your car’s
flow-through ventilation. Open windows can be a
fuel-saving alternative to air conditioning at low city
speeds; however, at highway speeds open windows
increase drag and heighten fuel consumption.
A full roof rack can increase fuel consumption. Even
the most streamlined roof rack will increase fuel
consumption. If the carrier is not permanently affixed
to your automobile, remove it when it’s not needed.
40
Chapter 1: Help Protect the Environment
Cruise control allows you to set the car’s cruising
speed and take your foot off the gas pedal. By
maintaining a constant speed on long trips, your
cruise control feature will reduce fuel consumption,
provided the terrain is relatively flat.
Drive the posted speed limit. Increasing your
speed from 100 km/h to 120 km/h will increase fuel
consumption by about 20%.
Avoid “flooring” your gas pedal from a dead
stop. You’ll consume about 37% more fuel during a
“jackrabbit” start than if you pull away gradually.
Visit vehicles.gc.ca to get more information on how
to buy, drive and maintain your vehicle to save energy
and money, as well as protect the environment.
41
Chapter 1: Help Protect the Environment
WINTER TIPS FOR DRIVERS – DRIVING HABITS
Winter weather can increase your vehicle’s fuel
consumption by as much as 50%. Canadian drivers
that adopt these simple-to-do winter driving tips
highlighted below can save money, fuel, help protect
the environment, and improve road safety by
winterizing their vehicles.
To learn more visit: www.vehicles.gc.ca
Remote car starters result in unnecessary idling
and wasted fuel. Remote car starters may seem like
a convenient accessory however there are many
hidden costs associated with their regular use. People
with remote car starters tend to start their cars long
before they are ready to drive, which needlessly burns
fuel. Since car starters are significantly less effective
than block heaters in warming up your engine, cars
equipped with car starters will be more likely to
develop buildups of harmful sludge and deposits
in their engines and engine components from
improperly combusted fuel. Regular use of remote car
starters is also not an environmentally friendly practice
as they needlessly contribute to harmful greenhouse
gas emissions, which feed climate change.
Save fuel and save money by using a timed block
heater. Use an automatic timer to switch on the block
heater two hours before you plan to drive your vehicle.
A block heater enables the vehicle’s engine to start
more easily and reach its peak operating temperature
faster. In below-zero temperatures, block heaters can
improve overall fuel economy by as much as 10% or
more.
Prevent fogging. The sooner you can clear your
windows the sooner you can get on the road. Waiting
for your windows to defog is frustrating when you are
42
Chapter 1: Help Protect the Environment
in a hurry to go. There are two simple tricks to prevent
your car windows from fogging up. One is to open a
window as soon as you enter the vehicle. The second
is to clear all the snow from the air intake on top of the
hood. Otherwise, the defroster will draw moisture into
the system and fog the windshield, which will delay
you from getting on the road.
Clear away snow and ice. Fuel consumption increases
as snow and ice build up on and around the vehicle
you’re driving. Everyone knows that driving with
extra weight in your vehicle makes your engine work
harder and increases fuel consumption. As snow and
ice build in wheel wells and under bumpers, it adds
weight and rubs against tires, further increasing rolling
resistance. Snow piled on top of the vehicle increases
aerodynamic drag as well as vehicle weight. For safety
as well as fuel economy, clear all the snow and ice off
your vehicle before you drive away.
Combine your stops. The fewer stops you make
the better. Did you know that a vehicle operating
with a cold engine consumes 50% more fuel, until it
warms up many minutes later, compared to a vehicle
operating with a warm engine? By combining your
errands you not only save fuel by reducing your
travel but also ensure that your engine reaches its
optimal operating temperature – and stays that
way. Combining your trips minimizes your fuel
consumption and emissions.
Plan your trip. Trip planning is particularly important
in the winter. The less time you spend driving the less
fuel your vehicle will consume. Carefully planning
your trip before you head out on the road will help
ensure that you spend less time on the road and more
time doing things you enjoy. Plan your route to avoid
obstacles such as unplowed roads, hills and multiple
traffic lights. In many cases it is more fuel-efficient
43
Chapter 1: Help Protect the Environment
to take a slightly longer route if it is relatively free
of many traffic obstacles, which can slow you down.
When parking, try to park your vehicle downhill; and
if possible, try to park your vehicle in sheltered areas,
i.e., on the side of a building sheltered by the wind.
These simple tricks will help to ensure that it will be
easier to pull away from the parking spot.
Drive efficiently. Excessive acceleration and braking
dramatically increases fuel consumption. Drivers can
save fuel by driving at a smooth, even speed and by
anticipating lane changes and traffic obstructions.
Winter conditions make slowing down and stopping
more difficult. Drivers should be aware that winter
road conditions, such as wet, icy or snow covered
roads, increase braking distance. By increasing your
following distance between you and the vehicle in
front you will allow yourself more response time
which will help to save fuel and to make winter driving
easier on yourself and other drivers on the roadways.
Take it easy. Give yourself more time to get from A
to B in the winter. More thought and care are required
for driving in the winter season. The faster and more
aggressively you drive in the winter the more your
vehicle slips and slides and spins its wheels. Not only
will these actions use more fuel, but also you will be at
a higher risk of being involved in a serious collision.
Ski racks. Ski racks are a drag when not in use.
Avid skiers know well enough that drag affects
aerodynamics. Therefore, you should remove your
ski racks when not heading to the slopes. The
drag caused by mounted ski racks increases fuel
consumption, so consider using removable ski racks
that you can easily remove from your vehicle when
not needed.
44
Chapter 1: Help Protect the Environment

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