Operating Manual

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Transcript

O
perating M
anual
• Specifications and external dimensions are subject to change without notice.
57988 Copyright © PENTAX Corporation 2008
02-200802 Printed in Philippines
PENTAX Corporation 2-36-9, Maeno-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8639, JAPAN
(http://www.pentax.co.jp/)
PENTAX Europe GmbH
(European Headquarters)
Julius-Vosseler-Strasse, 104, 22527 Hamburg,
GERMANY
(HQ - http://www.pentaxeurope.com)
(Germany - http://www.pentax.de)
PENTAX U.K. Limited PENTAX House, Heron Drive, Langley, Slough, Berks
SL3 8PN, U.K.
(http://www.pentax.co.uk)
PENTAX France S.A.S. 112 Quai de Bezons, B.P. 204
95106 Argenteuil Cedex, FRANCE
(http://www.pentax.fr)
PENTAX Italia S.r.l. Via Dione Cassio 15, 20138 Milano, ITALY
(http://www.pentaxitalia.it)
PENTAX (Schweiz) AG Widenholzstrasse 1, 8304 Wallisellen, Postfach 367,
8305 Dietlikon, SWITZERLAND
(http://www.pentax.ch)
PENTAX Scandinavia AB P.O. Box 650, 75127 Uppsala, SWEDEN
(http://www.pentax.se)
PENTAX Imaging Company
A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc.
(Headquarters)
600 12th Street, Suite 300 Golden, Colorado 80401, U.S.A.
(PENTAX Service Department)
12000 Zuni Street, Suite 100B
Westminster, Colorado 80234,
U.S.A. (http://www.pentaximaging.com)
PENTAX Canada Inc. 1770 Argentia Road Mississauga, Ontario L5N 3S7,
CANADA
(http://www.pentax.ca)
PENTAX Trading
(SHANGHAI) Limited
23D, Jun Yao International Plaza, 789 Zhaojiabang Road,
Xu Hui District, Shanghai, 200032 CHINA
(http://www.pentax.com.cn)
http://www.pentax.co.jp/english
Operating Manual
For optimum camera performance, please read
the Operating Manual before using the camera.
SLR Digital Camera
Thank you for purchasing this PENTAX u Digital Camera. Please read
this manual before using the camera in order to get the most out of all the
features and functions. Keep this manual safe, as it can be a valuable tool in
helping you to understand all the camera capabilities.
Lenses you can use
In general, lenses that can be used with this camera are DA, D FA and FA J lenses and
lenses that have an Aperture s (Auto) position.
To use any other lens or accessory, see p.50 and p.251.
Regarding copyrights
Images taken using the u that are for anything other than personal enjoyment
cannot be used without permission according to the rights as specified in the Copyright
Act. Please take care, as there are even cases where limitations are placed on taking
pictures even for personal enjoyment during demonstrations, performances or of items
on display. Images taken with the purpose of obtaining copyrights also cannot be used
outside the scope of use of the copyright as laid out in the Copyright Act, and care
should be taken here also.
Regarding trademarks
PENTAX and smc PENTAX are trademarks of PENTAX Corporation.
SD logo and SDHC logo are trademarks.
This product includes DNG technology under license by Adobe Systems Incorporated.
The DNG logo is either a registered trademark or trademark of Adobe Systems
Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.
All other brands or product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
To users of this camera
• There is a possibility that recorded data may be erased or that the camera may not
function correctly when used in surroundings such as installations generating strong
electromagnetic radiation or magnetic fields.
• The liquid crystal panel used in the monitor is manufactured using extremely high
precision technology. Although the level of functioning pixels is 99.99% or better, you
should be aware that 0.01% or fewer of the pixels may not illuminate or may illuminate
when they should not. However, this has no effect on the recorded image.
This product supports PRINT Image Matching III. PRINT Image Matching enabled
digital still cameras, printers and software help photographers to produce images more
faithful to their intentions. Some functions are not available on printers that are not
PRINT Image Matching III compliant.
Copyright 2001 Seiko Epson Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
PRINT Image Matching is a trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
The PRINT Image Matching logo is a trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
Regarding PictBridge
PictBridge allows the user to connect the printer and digital camera directly, using the
unified standard for the direct printout of images. You can print images directly from the
camera through a few simple operations.
• There is a possibility that the illustrations and the display screen of the monitor in this
manual are different from the actual product.
1
We have paid close attention to the safety of this product. When using this
product, we request your special attention regarding items marked with the
following symbols.
Warning
• Do not disassemble or modify the camera. High voltage areas are present
inside the camera, with the risk of electric shock.
• If the camera interior is exposed due to dropping or otherwise damaging the
camera, never touch the exposed portion. There is the risk of electric shock.
• To avoid the risk of it being swallowed by mistake, keep the SD Memory
Card out of the reach of small children. Seek medical attention immediately
if a memory card is accidentally swallowed.
• Wrapping the strap around your neck is dangerous. Take care that small
children do not hang the strap over their necks.
• Do not look directly at the sun through the camera with a telephoto lens
attached, as viewing the sun may damage your eyes. Viewing the sun
directly with a telephoto lens may lead to a loss of eyesight.
• Be sure to store the battery out of the reach of children. Placing in mouth may
cause an electrical shock.
• Always use the AC adapter exclusively developed for this product, with the
specified power and voltage. Using an AC adapter not exclusive to this
product, or using the exclusive AC adapter with an unspecified power or
voltage can cause a fire, electric shock, or camera breakdown.
• If any irregularities occur during use, such as smoke or a strange odor, stop
use immediately, remove the battery or the AC adapter, and contact your
nearest PENTAX Service Center. Continued use could cause a fire or
electric shock.
• During thunderstorms, unplug and discontinue use of the AC adapter.
Continued use could cause equipment failure, a fire, or electric shock.
FOR USING YOUR CAMERA SAFELY
Warning This symbol indicates that violating this item could cause serious personal injuries.
Caution This symbol indicates that violating this item could cause minor or medium personal injuries, or material losses.
ABOUT THE CAMERA
2
Caution
• Do not short the battery or dispose of the battery in fire. Do not disassemble
the battery. The battery could explode or catch fire.
• Remove the battery from the camera immediately if they become hot or
begin to smoke. Be careful not to burn yourself during removal.
• Some portions of the camera heat up during use. There is the risk of low
temperature burns when holding such portions for long periods.
• Do not place your finger over or cover the flash with clothing when
discharging the flash. Fingers or clothing may be burned.
• Depending on a user's physical condition, some users may experience
itching, break out in a rash or suffer from eczema. If an abnormality occurs,
immediately discontinue using the camera and seek medical attention.
• Only use the specified battery with this camera. Use of other batteries can
cause a fire or explosion.
• Keep wires, hairpins, and other metal objects away from the + and – contacts
of the battery. When storing a battery removed from the camera, be sure to
attach the included protective cap to avoid shorting.
• Do not disassemble the battery. Disassembling the battery can cause
explosion or leakage.
• If any leakage from the battery should come in contact with your eyes, do not
rub them. Flush your eyes with clean water and get medical attention
immediately.
• If any leakage from the battery should come in contact with skin or clothes,
wash the affected areas thoroughly with water.
• Do not disassemble or short circuit the battery case. Do not dispose of the
battery in a fire or leave the battery in a place with high temperatures. Doing
so may cause the battery to become hot, catch fire or explode.
• Be sure to charge the battery with the specified battery charger.
• Remove the battery from the camera immediately if it becomes hot or begins
to smoke. Be careful not to burn yourself during removal.
• Storing the battery fully charged may decrease the battery performance.
Avoid storing in high temperatures.
If the battery is left inserted and the camera is not used for a long time, the
battery will over-discharge and shorten the battery's usage span.
• Charging the battery a day before use or on the day of use is recommended.
PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY USAGE
3
• Only use the battery charger D-BC50 supplied with the camera. Do not use
the product at a voltage other than the specified voltage. Use with a power
source or voltage other than that designed can cause a fire or electrical
shock. The specified voltage is 100 - 240V AC.
• Do not use the battery charger to charge batteries other than rechargeable
lithium-ion battery D-LI50. This can cause explosion or a fire or breakdown
of the battery charger.
• Do not disassemble or modify the product. This can cause a fire or electrical
shock.
• If the generation of smoke or strange odor from the product or other
abnormality occurs, immediately discontinue using and consult a PENTAX
Service Center. Continued use could cause a fire or electric shock.
• If water should happen to get inside the product, consult a PENTAX Service
Center. Continuing to use the product can cause a fire or electrical shock.
• If thunderstorm should be present during use of the battery charger, unplug
the power cord and discontinue use. Continuing to use the product can
cause damage to the equipment, fire or electrical shock.
• Wipe off the plug of the power cord if it should become covered with dust.
This can cause a fire.
• To reduce the risk of hazards, use only CSA/UL Certified power supply cord
set, cord is Type SPT-2 or heavier, minimum NO.18 AWG copper, one end
with a molded-on male attachment plug cap (with a specified NEMA
configuration), and the other is provided with a molded-on female connector
body (with a specified IEC nonindustrial type configuration) or the equivalent.
• The AC plug cord supplied with the camera is for exclusive use with the
battery charger D-BC50. Do not use it with any other equipment.
• When traveling, take the Worldwide Service Network that is included in the
package. This will be useful if you experience problems abroad.
• When the camera has not been used for a long time, confirm that it is still
working properly, particularly prior to taking important pictures (such as at a
wedding or during traveling). Pictures cannot be guaranteed if recording,
playback or transferring your data to a computer, etc. is not possible due to
a malfunction of your camera or recording media (SD Memory Card), etc.
PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY CHARGER
USAGE
Care to be Taken During Handling
4
• Do not clean the product with organic solvents such as thinner or alcohol
benzene.
• Do not subject the camera to high temperatures or high humidity. Do not
leave the camera in a vehicle, as the temperature can get very high.
• Do not store the camera with preservatives and chemicals. Storage in high
temperatures and high humidity can cause mold to grow on the camera.
Remove from the case and store in a dry and well-ventilated location.
• Do not subject the camera to strong vibrations, shocks, or pressure. Use a
cushion to protect the camera from vibrations of motorcycles, automobiles,
or ships.
• The temperature range for camera use is 0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F).
• The monitor may appear black under high temperatures, but will return to
normal as temperatures normalize.
• The monitor may respond more slowly at low temperatures. This is due to
liquid crystal properties, and is not a fault.
• Periodic inspections are recommended every one to two years to maintain
high performance.
• Sudden temperature changes will cause condensation on the inside and
outside of the camera. Place the camera in your bag or a plastic bag, removing
the camera after temperature of the camera and surroundings are equalized.
• Avoid contact with garbage, mud, sand, dust, water, toxic gases, or salts.
These could cause a camera breakdown. Wipe dry any rain or water drops
on the camera.
• Refer to “Precautions When Using the SD Memory Card” (p.41) regarding
the SD Memory Card.
• Use a lens brush to remove dust accumulated on the lens or viewfinder.
Never use a spray blower for cleaning as it may damage the lens.
• Please contact PENTAX Service Center for professional cleaning of the
CMOS sensor. (This will involve a fee.)
• Please do not press forcefully on the monitor. This could cause breakage or
malfunction.
• Precautions for D-LI50 Battery Usage:
- DO NOT INCINERATE, DISASSEMBLE, SHORT CIRCUIT, DISPOSE OF
IN FIRE OR HEAT ABOVE 140°F / 60°C. MAY CAUSE BURST OR BURN.
- USE DESIGNATED CHARGER ONLY.
Regarding Product Registration
In order to better serve you, we request that you complete the product registration,
which can be found on the CD-ROM supplied with the camera or on the PENTAX
website. Thank you for your cooperation.
Refer to the PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating
Manual (Windows users: p.9, Mac OS users: p.10) for more information.
Memo
5
6
FOR USING YOUR CAMERA SAFELY ...............................................1
ABOUT THE CAMERA.........................................................................1
PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY USAGE............................................2
PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY CHARGER USAGE.........................3
Care to be Taken During Handling .......................................................3
Contents ...............................................................................................6
Composition of the Operating Manual ................................................11
Before Using Your Camera 13
u Camera Characteristics ................................................ 14
Checking the Contents of the Package...................................... 16
Names and Functions of Working Parts .................................... 17
Camera ...............................................................................................17
Capture Mode.....................................................................................18
Playback Mode ...................................................................................20
Display Indicators ........................................................................ 22
Monitor................................................................................................22
Viewfinder ...........................................................................................27
LCD Panel ..........................................................................................29
How to Operate the Menu............................................................ 30
Using the Mode Dial..................................................................... 32
Getting Started 33
Attaching the Strap...................................................................... 34
Using the Battery ......................................................................... 35
Charging the Battery...........................................................................35
Inserting/Removing the Battery ..........................................................36
Battery Level Indicator ........................................................................38
Approximate Image Storage Capacity and Playback Time
(Exclusive Battery Fully Charged) ......................................................38
Using the AC Adapter (Optional) ........................................................39
Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card ................................. 40
Recorded Pixels and Quality Level.....................................................42
Turning the Camera On and Off.................................................. 44
Initial Settings .............................................................................. 45
Setting the Display Language.............................................................45
Setting the Date and Time..................................................................48
Attaching the Lens....................................................................... 50
Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter ............................................... 52
Contents
7
Basic Operations 53
Basic Shooting Operation........................................................... 54
Holding the Camera............................................................................54
Letting the Camera Choose the Optimal Settings ..............................55
Using a Zoom Lens...................................................................... 59
Using the Built-in Flash............................................................... 60
Taking Pictures Using the Shake Reduction Function............. 65
Turning On the Shake Reduction Function.........................................66
Setting the Shake Reduction Function ...............................................67
Playing Back Still Pictures.......................................................... 68
Playing Back Images ..........................................................................68
Deleting Images ........................................................................... 70
Deleting a Single Image......................................................................70
Shooting Functions 71
How to Operate the Shooting Menus ......................................... 72
[A Rec. Mode] Menu Setting Items ...................................................72
[A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items.............................................73
Shooting Fn Menu Setting Items ........................................................75
Setting the Exposure ................................................................... 76
Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed.................................................76
Setting the Sensitivity .........................................................................78
Changing the Exposure Mode ............................................................80
Selecting the Metering Method ...........................................................98
Adjusting the Exposure.....................................................................100
Shooting in Multi-exposure Mode .....................................................103
Focusing ..................................................................................... 104
Using the Autofocus..........................................................................104
Selecting the Focusing Area (AF Point)............................................107
Fixing the Focus (Focus Lock)..........................................................108
Adjusting the Focus Manually (Manual Focus).................................110
Using the = Button ........................................................................112
Shooting in Catch-in Focus Mode.....................................................112
Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus Before
Shooting ..................................................................................... 113
Selecting the Preview Method ..........................................................113
Displaying the Preview .....................................................................114
Continuous Shooting................................................................. 117
Interval Shooting........................................................................ 120
Self-Timer Shooting................................................................... 122
Remote Control Shooting (Remote Control F:
Sold Separately) ......................................................................... 125
8
Using Mirror Up Function to Prevent Camera Shake ............. 128
Changing the Shooting Conditions Automatically when
Shooting (Auto Bracket)............................................................ 129
Storing User Settings ................................................................ 133
Using the Flash 135
Compensating Flash Output ..................................................... 136
Allowing Shooting while Charging Flash ................................ 137
Flash Characteristics in Each Exposure Mode ....................... 138
Distance and Aperture when Using the Built-in Flash ........... 141
DA, D FA, FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility
with the Built-in Flash................................................................ 142
Using an External Flash (Optional) .......................................... 143
Shooting Settings 153
Setting the Image Processing Method in Capture Mode
(Custom Image) .......................................................................... 154
Setting the File Format .............................................................. 156
Setting the JPEG Recorded Pixels ...................................................156
Setting the JPEG Quality Level ........................................................157
Setting the File Format .....................................................................158
Setting the RAW Button Function .....................................................159
Setting the White Balance ................................................................160
Setting the Color Space....................................................................167
Playback Functions 169
How to Operate the Menus During Playback........................... 170
[Q Playback] Menu Setting Items...................................................170
[A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items...........................................170
Playback Fn Menu Setting Items ......................................................171
Rotating Images ......................................................................... 172
Enlarging Playback Images ...................................................... 173
Displaying Multiple Images....................................................... 175
Displaying a Folder.................................................................... 177
Comparing Images..................................................................... 178
Slideshow ................................................................................... 179
Setting the Slideshow Display Interval..............................................181
Changing Playback Display Method ........................................ 182
9
Deleting Multiple Images........................................................... 185
Deleting All Images...........................................................................185
Deleting Selected Images (from Multi-image Display)......................186
Deleting a Folder ..............................................................................188
Protecting Images from Deletion (Protect) .............................. 189
Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment............................... 191
Processing Images 193
Processing Images with Digital Filters .................................... 194
Editing RAW Images.................................................................. 197
Editing One RAW Image...................................................................197
Editing All RAW Images....................................................................198
Specifying the Parameters................................................................200
Printing from the Camera 203
Setting the Printing Service (DPOF)......................................... 204
Printing Single Images......................................................................204
Settings for All Images......................................................................205
Printing Using PictBridge.......................................................... 207
Setting Transfer Mode ......................................................................208
Connecting the Camera to the Printer ..............................................209
Printing Single Images......................................................................210
Printing All Images............................................................................212
Printing Images Using the DPOF Settings........................................213
Disconnecting the USB Cable ..........................................................213
Camera Settings 215
How to Operate the [R Set-up] Menu ...................................... 216
[R Set-up] Menu Setting Items.........................................................216
Formatting the SD Memory Card .............................................. 218
Setting the Beep Setting, Date and Time, and Display
Language .................................................................................... 219
Turning the Beep On and Off............................................................219
Changing the Date and Time and the Display Style .........................220
Setting the World Time .....................................................................221
Setting the Display Language...........................................................224
Adjusting the Monitor and the Menu Display.......................... 225
Setting the Text Size.........................................................................225
Setting the Guide Display Time ........................................................225
Adjusting the Brightness of the Monitor ............................................226
Adjusting the Color of the Monitor (LCD Color Tuning) ....................226
Setting the Display for Instant Review, Live View and Digital
Preview .............................................................................................227
10
Setting the Image File Naming Convention............................. 230
Selecting the Folder Name ...............................................................230
Selecting the File Number Setting ....................................................230
Setting the File Name .......................................................................231
Selecting the Video Output Format and Power Settings........ 233
Selecting the Video Output Format...................................................233
Setting Auto Power Off .....................................................................233
Selecting a Battery............................................................................234
Using Pixel Mapping.................................................................. 235
Selecting Capture Mode Settings to Save in the Camera ...... 236
Resetting to Default Settings 237
Resetting Rec. Mode/Playback/Set-up Menu........................... 238
Resetting the Custom Function Menu ..................................... 239
Resetting Other Settings........................................................... 240
Resetting Saved USER Settings ......................................................240
Resetting the File Name ...................................................................241
Resetting the Saved AF Adjustment Value.......................................241
Appendix 243
Default Settings.......................................................................... 244
Functions Available with Various Lens Combinations .......... 249
Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring] ......................................... 251
Cleaning the CMOS Sensor....................................................... 252
Removing Dust by Shaking the CMOS Sensor ................................252
Detecting Dust on the CMOS Sensor (Dust Alert)............................252
Removing Dust with a Blower...........................................................254
Optional Accessories ................................................................ 256
Error Messages .......................................................................... 261
Troubleshooting......................................................................... 264
Main Specifications ................................................................... 266
Glossary...................................................................................... 270
Index............................................................................................ 275
WARRANTY POLICY.................................................................. 280
11
This Operating Manual contains the following chapters.
Composition of the Operating Manual
1 Before Using Your Camera
Explains camera characteristics, accessories and the names and functions of various
parts.
2 Getting Started
Explains your first steps from purchasing the camera to taking pictures. Be sure to read
it and follow the instructions.
3 Basic Operations
Explains the procedures for taking and playing back still pictures.
4 Shooting Functions
Explains the shooting-related functions.
5 Using the Flash
Explains how to use the built-in flash and the external flash.
6 Shooting Settings
Explains the procedures for configuring image processing and setting the save format.
7 Playback Functions
Explains the procedures for playing back, deleting, and protecting still pictures.
8 Processing Images
Explains the procedures for using image filters and processing pictures taken in RAW
format.
9 Printing from the Camera
Explains the procedures for setting the print settings and printing still pictures while
directly connected to a printer.
10 Camera Settings
Explains the procedures for changing the camera settings, such as the monitor settings
and the image file naming convention.
11 Resetting to Default Settings
Explains the procedure for resetting all settings to their default settings.
12 Appendix
Explains troubleshooting, introduces optional accessories and provides various
resources.
1
5
4
3
2
6
10
9
8
7
12
11
12
The symbols used in this Operating Manual are explained below.
1 Shows reference page number explaining a related operation.
Shows useful information.
Shows precautions to take when operating the camera.
1 Before Using Your
Camera
Check the package contents and names and functions of
working parts before use.
u Camera Characteristics ........................14
Checking the Contents of the Package ..............16
Names and Functions of Working Parts ............17
Display Indicators ................................................22
How to Operate the Menu ....................................30
Using the Mode Dial .............................................32
When using menus and Fn menu, items which cannot be changed due
to camera settings appear gray and cannot be selected.
14
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u Camera Characteristics
• Features a 23.4×15.6 mm CMOS sensor with approximately 14.6 million
effective pixels for high precision and a wide dynamic range.
• Features Shake Reduction (SR), an image sensor shifting shake
reduction system. This enables you to capture sharp pictures with
minimal camera shake regardless of the lens type.
• Features an AF sensor with 11 focusing points. The central 9 are wide
cross area sensors.
• Provides high-speed continuous shooting up to a maximum of
approximately 21 frames per second.
• Features a viewfinder similar to that of a conventional 35 mm camera,
with a magnification of approximately 0.95 and field of view of
approximately 95%, for easier manual focusing. Also features a
superimpose function in which the AF points on the viewfinder illuminate
red.
• Features a large 2.7-inch monitor with approximately 230,000 dots, a
wide viewing angle and brightness and color adjusting function for highprecision viewing performance.
• Features a live view function for shooting while viewing the subject in
real-time on the monitor.
• A user-friendly design has been implemented in various parts of the
camera. The large text, high-contrast monitor and easy-to-use menus
make the camera easier to operate.
• Dials, buttons, body joints, and retractable parts of the camera are
splash and dust resistant.
• The CMOS sensor features a special SP coating against dust deposit.
The Dust Removal function also shakes the CMOS for removing
collected dust.
• Supports the optional Battery Grip D-BG2 with vertical shutter release
button. If a battery (D-LI50) is inserted in both the camera and grip, the
battery with more power is prioritized. This enables you to get the best
camera performance for an extended period. A menu item also allows
you to prioritize a battery and use its full power before switching to the
other battery.
• Features Custom Image with options such as Fine Sharpness and Filter
Effect. These options allow you to make detailed settings, enabling a
wider range of expression.
• Records in the versatile JPEG format or the high quality and fully
editable RAW format. You can also select JPEG+RAW and record in
both formats. Pictures taken in RAW format can be easily processed
internally by the camera.
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15
• Features Hyper-program and Hyper-manual modes that let you take
pictures with the intended exposure. Also features Sensitivity Priority
mode K that automatically adjusts aperture and shutter speed
according to the set sensitivity, and Shutter & Aperture Priority mode
L that automatically adjusts sensitivity according to the set aperture
and shutter speed.
Shake Reduction (SR)
Shake Reduction (SR) on the u features a PENTAX original
system which uses magnetic force to move the image sensor at high
speeds, compensating camera shake.
The camera may generate some operating noise when it is shaken, such
as when changing the composition of a picture. It is not a malfunction.
The captured area (view angle) will differ between the u and 35 mm SLR
cameras even if the same lens is used because the format size for 35 mm film
and CMOS sensor are different.
Sizes for 35 mm film and CMOS sensor
35 mm film : 36×24 mm
u CMOS sensor : 23.4×15.6 mm
Angles of view being equal, the focal length of a lens used with a 35 mm camera
must be approximately 1.5 times longer than that of u. To obtain an angle of
view framing the same area, divide the focal length of the 35 mm lens by 1.5.
Example) To capture the same image as a 150 mm lens attached to a 35 mm
camera
150÷1.5=100
Use a 100 mm lens with the u.
Inversely, multiply the focal length of the lens used with u by 1.5 to
determine the focal length for 35 mm cameras.
Example) If 300 mm lens is used with u
300×1.5=450
Focal length is equivalent to a 450 mm lens on a 35 mm camera.
16
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Checking the Contents of the
Package
The following accessories are packaged with your camera.
Check that all accessories are included.
Hot shoe cover FK
(Installed on camera)
Eyecup FP
(Installed on camera)
ME Viewfinder cap
Sync socket 2P cap
(Installed on camera)
Body mount cover
(Installed on camera)
USB cable
I-USB17
Video cable
I-VC28
Software (CD-ROM)
S-SW74, S-SW75
Strap
O-ST53
Rechargeable lithium-ion
D-LI50 battery
Battery charger
D-BC50
AC plug cord
Operating Manual
(this manual)
Quick Guide PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/
PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory
3 Operating Manual
PENTAX REMOTE
Assistant 3
Operating Manual
17
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Names and Functions of Working
Parts
Camera
Tripod socket
Battery cover
Self-Timer lamp/
Remote control receiver
AF coupler
Mirror
Lens unlock button
Lens information
contacts
Card cover
Battery cover
unlock lever
Battery grip connector
terminal cover
Strap lug
Hot shoe
Lens mount index
Card access
lamp
Built-in Flash
USB/Video terminal
DC input terminal
LCD panel
Terminal cover
Cable switch
terminal
Viewfinder
Monitor
Card cover
unlock lever
Self-timer lamp/
Remote control
receiver
X-sync socket
Diopter adjustment lever
18
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Functions of buttons, dials and levers used during shooting are noted.
* The factory default settings are explained here. Depending on the button
or dial, these settings can be changed in the [A Custom Settings] menu
(p.73).
Capture Mode
1 Green button
Sets the Exposure mode to
Automatic Exposure (p.85,
p.92, p.95) and resets the
settings (p.101, p.136).
2 Shutter release button
Press to capture images.
(p.57)
3 Main switch
Move to turn the power on/off
(p.44) or to preview (p.114).
4 Front e-dial
Sets shutter speed and EV
compensation values.
5 Lens unlock button
Press to detach lens. (p.51)
3
5
2
a b c 6
k j i h g e 4
7
8
d 0
l m 9
f 1
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6 Focus mode lever
Switches between autofocus
mode (k, l) (p.104)
and manual focus mode (\)
(p.110).
7 | button
Saves JPEG and RAW file by
default. (p.158, p.159)
8 K button
Press to pop up the built-in
flash. (p.60)
9 Mode dial
Changes the Exposure mode.
(p.32)
0 Metering mode lever
Changes the Metering mode.
(p.98)
a ] button
Sets Exposure bracket
shooting. (p.129)
b 3 button
Displays the [A Rec. Mode]
menu (p.72). Next, press the
four-way controller (5) to
display [Q Playback] menu
(p.170), [R Set-up] menu
(p.216) and [A Custom
Setting] menu (p.73).
c M button
Press to show shooting
information on the monitor.
(p.23)
d Q button
Switches to the Playback
mode. (p.68)
e { button
Press to display the Fn menu.
(p.75)
f Shake Reduction switch
Turns the Shake Reduction
function on or off. (p.65)
g 4 button
Saves the setting you selected
in the menu.
Press when menu is not
displayed to display the
currently selected sensitivity in
the LCD panel and viewfinder.
h Four-way controller
(2345)
Use this to move cursor or
change items in menus and
Fn menu.
i AF point switching dial
Sets focus area. (p.107)
j = button
Focuses on the target before
metering. (p.104)
k L button
Locks the exposure before
shooting. (p.102)
l Rear e-dial
Sets the aperture and
sensitivity values.
m m button
Turn the front e-dial while
pressing this button to set the
EV compensation value. (p.100)
Press to illuminate the LCD
panel. (p.29)
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Functions of buttons, dials and levers used during playback are noted.
* The factory default settings are explained here. Depending on the button
or dial, these settings can be changed in the [A Custom Settings] menu
(p.73).
Playback Mode
3
5
2
6
7
8
0
c d b a 4
1
9
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1 Green button
Press in Enlarged view to
increase the magnification.
(p.173)
2 Shutter release button
Press halfway to switch to
Capture mode.
3 Main switch
Move to turn the camera on
and off. (p.44) Set to the |
position to switch to Capture
mode and preview.
4 Front e-dial
Use it to display the previous
or next image during playback
(p.69, p.173) or adjust the
digital filter (p.194).
5 3 button
Press to display the
[Q Playback] menu (p.170).
Next, press the four-way
controller (45) to display
[R Set-up] menu (p.216),
[A Custom Setting] menu
(p.73) and [A Rec. Mode]
menu (p.72).
6 i button
Press to delete images. (p.70)
7 M button
Press to show shooting
information on the monitor.
(p.25)
8 Q button
Press to switch to Capture
mode.
9 m button
Press in Enlarged view to
decrease the magnification.
(p.173)
0 Z button
Press to protect images from
being accidentally erased.
(p.189)
a Rear e-dial
Use it to enlarge an image
(p.173) or display multiple
images at the same time
(p.175).
b 4 button
Saves the setting you selected
in the menu or playback
screen.
c Four-way controller
(2345)
Use it to move cursor or
change items in menus, Fn
menu and playback screen.
d { button
Press to display the Fn menu.
(p.171)
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Display Indicators
The following indicators appear
on the monitor depending on
the status of the camera.
Guides appear on the monitor for 3 seconds when the camera is switched
on or the mode dial is turned.
* Indicators 3, 5, 6 and 7 only appear when a setting other than the default
setting is selected. 8 only appears when Shake Reduction is Off. 13 only
appears when World Time is On.
Monitor
At Start-up or when Operating the Mode Dial
Select Off for [Guide display] in [R Set-up] menu to not show indicators.
(p.216)
1 Flash mode
(Active mode appears) (p.61)
8 Shake Reduction (p.65)
9 Exposure mode name (p.32)
2 Drive mode/Auto bracket/
Multi-exposure (p.75)
10 e-dial guide
11 Battery level
3 AE metering (p.98) 12 Date and time (p.220)
4 Focus mode (p.104) 13 World Time (p.221)
5 AF point position (p.107) 14 Button guide
6 White balance (p.160) 15 Exposure mode
7 Sensitivity (p.78) 16 USER mode
Monitor
1600MF
02 02/ 2008 10: 39AM
AF
USER
P LINERAW RAW+
/
Shutter & Aperture
Pr ior i ty Automat ic
Exposure
Enable AF
1
15
14
16
2 3 4 5 6 7
8
10
13 12 11
9
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23
Press the M button in Capture mode to display the capture function
settings on the monitor for 30 seconds.
Press the four-way controller (23) while displayed to switch to Detailed
information display.
Detailed information display (p.1)
Capture Mode
1 Exposure mode (p.32) 16 ISO correction in AUTO (p.78)
2 USER mode (p.133) 17 White balance (p.160)
3 AE metering (p.98) 18 GM compensation (p.162)
4 Flash mode (p.61) 19 BA compensation (p.162)
5 Drive mode (p.75) 20 Color Space
6 Exposure bracket (p.129)/
Multi-exposure (p.103)
21 File format (p.158)
22 JPEG recorded pixels (p.156)
7 Extended bracket (p.131) 23 JPEG quality (p.157)
8 Focus mode (p.104) 24 Shake Reduction (p.65)
9 AF point position (p.107) 25 Image Tone (p.154)
10 Lens focal length (p.65) 26 Saturation/Filter Effect (p.154)
11 Shutter speed (p.76) 27 Hue/Toning (p.154)
12 Aperture (p.77) 28 Contrast (p.154)
13 EV compensation (p.100) 29 Sharpness/Fine Sharpness
(p.154)14 Flash exposure compensation
(p.136) 30 World Time (p.221)
15 Sensitivity (p.78) 31 Date and time (p.220)
32 Battery power (p.38)
1
6 8
9
7
13 14
18 27
26
25
2423
15 16
17 19
29
20
30 31 32
21 22
28
2 3 4 5
10
11
12
RAW+
ISO
10000K G2 A1 AdobeRGB
AUTO
AF.C
200-1600
USER
1/2000
+1.3F2.8 - 1 .0
10
10 : 39 AM
400 mm
±0
±0
±0
±0
g / 200802 02/
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Detailed information display (p.2)
1 Battery usage condition (p.234)
2 Camera battery power (p.38, p.234)
3 Grip battery power (p.38, p.234)
4 Button guide
5 e-dial guide
AF Enable AF
P LINERAW RAW+
1
54
3
2
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Every time you press the M button during playback, the camera switches
screen displays in the following order: Standard display, Histogram display,
Detailed information display and No information display (image only).
Detailed information display
* Indicators 6 (Flash mode) and 14 (Flash exposure compensation) only appear
for images in which the flash was discharged.
Playback Mode
You can change the information initially displayed by pressing the Q button.
1 Rotation information 17 AF point position
2 Captured image 18 Lens focal length
3 Protect 19 Image Tone
4 Exposure mode 20 Saturation/Filter Effect
5 Metering mode 21 Hue/Toning
6 Flash mode 22 Contrast
7 Drive mode 23 Sharpness/Fine Sharpness
8 Shutter speed 24 Sensitivity
9 Shake Reduction 25 White balance/Color temperature
10 Exposure bracket/Multi-exposure 26 GM compensation
11 Extended bracket 27 BA compensation
12 Aperture 28 File format
13 EV compensation 29 JPEG recorded pixels
14 Flash exposure compensation 30 JPEG quality
15 Folder No./File No. 31 Color Space
16 Focus mode 32 Shooting date/time
32
1 3
2
8 9
4
5
6
10 11
12
7 18
16 17
15
19
2013 14
24 25 26 27 21
28 29 30 31 22
23
RAW+
ISO 10000K G2 A1
AdobeRGB
200
AF.S
100-0001
1/1200
+1.5F2.8 - 0 .5
14.6
10 : 39AM
24 mm
±0
±0
±0
±0
g Av / 200802 02/
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Histogram Display
The u features two histogram displays. The “Brightness histogram”
shows the distribution of brightness and the “RGB histogram” shows the
distribution of color intensity. Press the four-way controller (23) to switch
between “Brightness histogram” and “RGB histogram”.
* Indicator 4 (DPOF settings) only appears for images with DPOF settings.
1 File Format 6 Switch Brightness histogram/
RGB histogram2 Folder No./File No. of the image
(p.230) 7 Histogram (R)
3 Protect icon (p.189) 8 Histogram (G)
4 DPOF settings (p.204) 9 Histogram (B)
5 Histogram (Brightness) (p.182)
Areas where blooming or dark portions blink if [Bright/Dark area] warning is set
to On in [Playback display] in the [Q Playback] menu. (p.182)
100-0001
RGB
100-0001
1 2
5
3
4
6
5
7
8
9
6
1 24 3
Brightness histogram RGB histogram
23
23
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Viewfinder
1 AF frame (p.52)
2 Spot metering frame (p.98)
3 AF point (p.107)
4 Flash status (p.60)
Appears when flash is available and blinks when flash is recommended but
not set or is being charged.
5 Shutter speed (p.76)
Shutter speed when capturing or adjusting (underlined when shutter speed
can be adjusted with the front e-dial).
6 Aperture (p.77)
Aperture when capturing or adjusting (underlined when aperture can be
adjusted with the rear e-dial).
7 Focus indicator (p.56)
Appears when image is focused.
Blinks when the subject is not in focus.
8 Manual focus (p.110)
Appears when focus mode is \.
9 EV bar (p.94, p.100)
Shows the EV compensation values or difference between the appropriate
and current exposure values when Exposure mode is set to a.
1
4 5 6 7
8 10 141211
9 13 15 16
2 3
1
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10 File format (p.158)
Displays the image save format in RAW/RAW+ format.
Not displayed in JPEG format.
11 EV compensation (p.100)
Appears when EV compensation is available or in use.
12 Flash exposure compensation (p.136)
Appears when Flash exposure compensation is in use.
13 Sensitivity display
Appears when sensitivity is displayed.
14 AE lock indicator (p.102)
Appears during AE lock.
15 Number of recordable images/EV compensation/Confirm sensitivity
Show the number of recordable images with current file format (p.158),
JPEG recorded pixels (p.156) and JPEG quality (p.157).
EV compensation value appears when EV compensation is being adjusted
(p.100).
ISO sensitivity appears if Sensitivity Priority Mode/Shutter & Aperture
Priority Mode is set.
16 Shake Reduction (p.65)
Appears during Shake Reduction.
• The AF point in use for autofocus is superimposed in red when the shutter
release button is pressed halfway. (p.107)
• When [13. AF Button Function] is set to [Cancel AF] in the [A Custom
Setting] menu, press the = button to display in the viewfinder.
• When set to a mode other than Sensitivity Priority Mode/Shutter & Aperture
Priority Mode, press the 4 button to display the ISO sensitivity in 15. (p.79)
• When set to Sensitivity Priority Mode/Shutter & Aperture Priority Mode, press
the 4 button to display the number of recordable images in 15.
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The following information appears in the LCD panel on top of the camera.
LCD Panel
1 Shutter speed (p.76) 6 Auto bracket (p.129)
2 Aperture (p.77) (blinks when Exposure Bracket and
Extended Bracket are both set)3 Flash mode (p.60)
b : Built-in flash is ready 7 Flash exposure compensation (p.136)
(when blinking, flash should
be used)
8 EV compensation (p.100)
9 Battery level
> : Red-eye reduction flash on 10 White balance (p.160)
(Not displayed when set to Auto)3 : Auto discharge
Q: Slow-speed sync O : White balance correction
w : Wireless 11 Sensitivity display
Appears when sensitivity is displayed.4 Drive mode (p.75)
9 : Single frame shooting 12 1 : RAW capture
j : Continuous shooting 1P : RAW+JPEG capture
g : Self-timer shooting 13 Recordable image no./
EV compensation/PC (Pb)W : Remote control shooting
5 EV bar (p.94, p.100) (PC: Personal Computer (mass
storage), Pb: PictBridge)
14 Multi-exposure (p.103)
Press the m button to illuminate the LCD panel. You can set it to not illuminate
in [27. Illuminate LCD panel] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
2
1
3
5
9
7
8
12
11
6
13104
14
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How to Operate the Menu
This section explains operation methods for [A Rec. Mode] menu,
[Q Playback] menu, [R Set-up] menu and [A Custom Setting] menu.
1 Press the 3 button in
Capture mode.
The [A Rec. Mode] menu appears on
the monitor.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The [Q Playback] menu, [R Set-up]
menu and [A Custom Setting] menu
appear in order each time the four-way
controller is pressed. (The screen for
the [R Set-up] menu is shown on the
right.)
Displaying the Menu screen
1/2
Rec. Mode
JPEG Rec. P ixe ls
JPEG Qual i ty
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
F i le Format
Off
Of f
PEF
JPEG
MENU
14.6M
Exi t
Set -up
MENU
Engl ishLanguage
1/4
Format
World Time
Date Adjust
Beep
Exi t
USER
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Procedure to set the [JPEG Quality] on the [A Rec. Mode] menu is
explained as an example.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to choose an item.
Turn the front e-dial to navigate the
menu a page at a time.
4 Press the four-way controller (5).
Quality levels available when recording
in JPEG format are displayed.
Press the four-way controller (5) to
move to the pop-up menu if there is one.
When the quality level is changed, the
number of recordable images at that quality
level appears at the top right of the screen.
5 Use the four-way controller (23) to select a setting.
6 Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the menu screen. Next, set other items.
Press the 3 button to return to Capture or Playback mode.
Selecting and Setting a Menu Item
Even after you press the 3 button and close the menu screen, your
settings will not be saved if the camera is turned off improperly (such as by
removing the battery while the camera is on).
• You can use the front e-dial to display the previous/next page and the rear e-dial to
switch among the [A Rec. Mode] menu, the [Q Playback] menu, [R Set-up] menu,
and [A Custom Setting] menu when no pop-up menu is displayed.
• If the 3 button is pressed in Capture mode, the [A Rec. Mode] menu
appears. If the 3 button is pressed in Playback mode, the
[Q Playback] menu appears.
Rec. Mode
JPEG Rec. P ixe ls
JPEG Qual i ty
MENU
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
F i le Format
Off
PEF
JPEG
14.6M
Off
Exi t 1/2
MENU
128
14.6MJPEG Rec. P ixe ls
JPEG Qual i ty
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
Fi le Format
Off
Cancel OKOK
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Using the Mode Dial
You can switch the Exposure mode by setting the icons on the mode dial
to the dial indicator.
Item Function Page
A (USER) Lets you capture images with settings that you set. p.133
B (Green)
Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture to the
proper exposure according to Program line when
taking pictures.
p.83
e (Hyperprogram)
Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture to the
proper exposure according to Program line when
taking pictures. You can use the front and rear edials to easily switch between shutter priority and
aperture priority.
p.84
K (Sensitivity
Priority)
Automatically sets the shutter speed and aperture to
the proper exposure according to the set sensitivity. p.85
b (Shutter
Priority)
Lets you set the desired shutter speed to freeze or
emphasize subject movement. p.87
c (Aperture
Priority) Set aperture for controlling the depth of field. p.89
L (Shutter &
Aperture Priority)
Automatically sets the sensitivity so that the
selected shutter speed and aperture will give the
proper exposure according to the brightness of the
subject.
p.91
a (Hyper-manual) Lets you set shutter speed and aperture to capture the picture with creative intent. p.93
p (Bulb) Lets you capture images that require slow shutter speeds such as fireworks and night scenes. p.96
M (Flash X-sync
speed)
The shutter speed is locked at 1/180 seconds. Use
this when using an External flash that does not
automatically change the shutter speed.
p.97
Dial indicator
2 Getting Started
This chapter explains your first steps from purchasing the
camera to taking pictures. Be sure to read it and follow the
instructions.
Attaching the Strap ..............................................34
Using the Battery ..................................................35
Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card .........40
Turning the Camera On and Off ..........................44
Initial Settings .......................................................45
Attaching the Lens ...............................................50
Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter ........................52
34
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2
Attaching the Strap
1 Pass the end of the strap
through the strap lug, then
secure it on the inside of the
clasp.
2 Pass the other end of the strap
through the other strap lug on
the camera, then secure it on
the inside of the clasp.
35
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2
Using the Battery
Insert the battery into the camera. Use only a D-LI50 battery.
When using the battery for the first time, or when the battery has not been
used in a long time, or when [Battery depleted] appears, recharge the
battery.
Note: AC plug cord “Listed, Type SPT-2 or NISPT-2, 18/2 flexible
cord, rated 125 V, 7A, minimum 6ft (1.8m)”
1 Connect the AC plug cord to the battery charger.
2 Plug the AC plug cord into the power outlet.
3 Face the mark on the exclusive battery up and insert it
into the battery charger.
The indicator lamp is lit red during charging.
The indicator lamp turns off when the battery is fully charged.
4 When the battery is fully charged, remove the battery from
the battery charger.
Charging the Battery
Battery D-LI50
Indicator lamp
Battery charger D-BC50
AC plug cord
36
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2
When using the battery for the first time, charge the battery and insert it into
the camera.
1 Open the battery cover.
Lift the battery cover unlock lever, turn
towards OPEN (1) to unlock, and then
pull the cover open (2).
• Do not use the provided battery charger to charge batteries other than
rechargeable lithium-ion battery D-LI50. Charging other batteries may cause
damage or heating.
• If the battery is correctly oriented and inserted into the battery charger but the
indicator lamp is not lit, the battery is faulty. Install a new battery in the
camera.
• The maximum charging time is approximately 180 minutes. Charge in a
location where the temperature is between 0°C and 40°C. (Charge time
depends on temperature and remaining battery power.)
• If usage time is reduced even when properly charged, the battery has
reached the end of its usage span. Install a new battery in the camera.
Inserting/Removing the Battery
• Do not open the battery cover or remove the battery while the power is on.
• Remove the battery when you will not use the camera for a long while. The
battery may leak.
• If the date and time settings have been reset when you insert a new battery
after a long time, follow the procedure for “Setting the Date and Time”. (p.48)
• Insert the battery correctly. If the battery is inserted incorrectly, it may cause
camera breakdown. Wipe the electrodes of the battery with a soft dry cloth
before inserting.
• Be careful as the camera or battery may become hot when the camera is
used continuously for a long period of time.
2
1
37
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2
2 Face the mark on the battery towards the monitor, push
the battery lock lever in the direction of the arrow (1) and
insert the battery.
Insert until the battery locks.
To remove the battery, push
the battery lock lever in the
direction of the arrow (1) with
your hand. The battery pops
out slightly. Remove it.
3 Close the battery cover (1)
and turn the battery cover
unlock lever towards CLOSE
(2) to lock.
Stow the battery cover unlock lever
when finished closing.
Use the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional) when using the camera for a prolonged
period. (p.39)
1
Battery lock lever
2
1
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2
You can confirm remaining battery level by checking the { displayed on
the LCD panel.
The picture storage capacity (flash use 50%) is based on measuring conditions in
accordance with CIPA standards and the others are based on PENTAX measuring
conditions. Some deviation from the above figures may occur in actual use
depending on shooting mode and shooting conditions.
Battery Level Indicator
{ lit : Battery is full.
} lit : Battery is running low.
? lit : Battery is almost empty.
? blink : The camera turns off after displaying a message.
• } may appear even when the battery level is sufficient if the camera is
used at low temperatures or when performing continuous shooting
consecutively. Turn the camera off and on again. If { appears, you can
use the camera.
• { does not appear on the LCD panel when using the AC adapter.
Approximate Image Storage Capacity and
Playback Time (Exclusive Battery Fully Charged)
Battery
(Temperature)
Normal
recording
Flash photography Playback
time50% use 100% use
D-LI50
(23°C) 740 530 420 330 minutes
( 0°C) 700 430 320 300 minutes
• Battery performance temporarily decreases as the temperature decreases.
When using the camera in cold climates, have extra batteries on hand and
keep them warm in your pocket. Battery performance will return to normal
when returned to room temperature.
• Have extra batteries ready when traveling overseas, taking pictures in cold
climates, or when you will be taking a lot of pictures.
• If usage time is reduced even when properly charged, the battery has
reached the end of its usage span. Install a new battery in the camera.
39
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2
We recommend using the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional) when using the
monitor for a long time or when connecting to your PC.
1 Make sure the camera is turned off and open the terminal
cover.
2 Face the mark on the DC terminal of the AC adapter
towards the mark on the camera, and connect the DC
terminal to the DC input terminal of the camera.
3 Connect the AC plug cord to the AC adapter.
4 Plug the AC cord into the power outlet.
Using the AC Adapter (Optional)
• Make sure the camera is turned off before connecting or disconnecting the
AC adapter.
• Make sure connections are secure between the camera, AC adapter, AC
plug cord terminal and the power outlet. SD Memory Card and data will be
corrupted if disconnected while camera is recording or reading data.
• Be sure to read the AC adapter D-AC50 operating manual when using the
AC adapter.
• The battery in your camera will not charge when connected to the AC
adapter.
1 2
40
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2
Inserting/Removing the SD Memory
Card
This camera uses either an SD Memory Card or an SDHC Memory Card. (Both
cards are referred to as SD Memory Cards hereafter.) Make sure the camera is
turned off before inserting or removing the SD Memory Card (market product).
1 Lift the card cover unlock lever
(1) and turn it towards OPEN
(2).
The card cover opens.
2 Insert the card all the way with
the SD Memory Card label
toward the monitor.
Push the SD Memory Card in once to
remove.
3 Close the card cover.
• Do not remove the SD Memory Card while the card access lamp is lit.
• Use this camera to format (initialize) an SD Memory Card that is unused or
has been used on other cameras or digital devices. Refer to “Formatting the
SD Memory Card” (p.218) for details on formatting.
Be sure to fully close the card cover. The
camera will not turn on if the card cover is
open.
1
2
41
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2
Precautions When Using the SD Memory Card
• The SD Memory Card is equipped with a
write-protect switch. Setting the switch to
LOCK protects the existing data by
prohibiting recording of new data, deletion
of existing data or formatting of the card.
• Care should be taken when removing the SD Memory Card immediately after
using the camera because the card may be hot.
• Do not remove the SD Memory Card or turn the camera off while data is being
saved to the card, images are being played back, or the camera is connected
to a computer with the USB cable. This may cause the data to be lost or the
card to be damaged.
• Do not bend the SD Memory Card or subject it to violent impact. Keep it away
from water and store away from high temperatures.
• Do not remove the SD Memory Card during formatting. The card may be
damaged beyond use.
• Data on the SD Memory Card may be deleted in the following circumstances.
PENTAX does not accept any liability for data that is deleted if
(1) the SD Memory Card is mishandled by the user.
(2) the SD Memory Card is exposed to static electricity or electrical
interference.
(3) the card has not been used for a long time.
(4) the card is ejected or the battery is removed while the data on the card is
being recorded or accessed.
• The SD Memory Card has a limited service life. If it is not used for a long time,
the data on the card may become unreadable. Be sure to regularly make a
backup of important data on a computer.
• Avoid using or storing the card where it may be exposed to static electricity or
electrical interference.
• Avoid using or storing the card in direct sunlight or where it may be exposed to
rapid changes in temperature or to condensation.
• For information on compatible SD Memory Cards, visit the PENTAX website.
• Format new SD Memory Cards. Also format SD Memory Cards used with other
cameras. 1 Formatting the SD Memory Card (p.218)
• Please note that formatting the SD Memory Card will not necessarily delete the
data so that it cannot be recovered using off the shelf data recovery software.
If you are going to discard, give away or sell your SD Memory Card you should
ensure that the data on the card is completely deleted or the card itself is
destroyed if it contains any personal or sensitive information. There are off the
shelf secure data deletion software programs available that will completely
delete the data.
In any case the data on your SD Memory Card should be managed at your own
risk.
Write-protect
switch
42
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2
Choose the number of pixels (size) and quality level (JPEG data
compression rate) of pictures according to how you intend to use the
pictures you have taken.
Pictures with larger recorded pixels or more Es are clearer when printed.
The number of pictures that can be taken (the number of pictures that can
be recorded on an SD Memory Card) decreases with larger file sizes.
The quality of the captured photo or printed picture depends on the quality
level, exposure control, resolution of the printer and a variety of other
factors so you do not need to select more than the required number of
pixels. For example, to print in postcard size, i (1824×1216) is
adequate. Set the appropriate recorded size and quality level depending
on purpose.
Choose the appropriate number of recorded pixels and quality level for
JPEG images on the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
1Setting the JPEG Recorded Pixels (p.156)
1Setting the JPEG Quality Level (p.157)
JPEG Recorded Pixels, JPEG Quality and Approximate Image
Storage Capacity
• The above table shows the approximate image storage capacity when using a
512 MB SD Memory Card.
• The above figures may vary depending on the subject, shooting conditions,
shooting mode and SD Memory Card, etc.
Recorded Pixels and Quality Level
When the File Format is JPEG
JPEG Quality
JPEG Rec. Pixels
Z
Premium
C
Best
D
Better
E
Good
X (4672×3104) 34 58 105 205
J (3872×2592) 50 84 148 308
P (3008×2000) 88 142 245 457
i (1824×1216) 230 368 616 1118
When the number of storable images exceeds 500, captured images are
divided into folders of 500 images each. However, in Auto Bracket, images will
be stored in the same folder until shooting is completed, even if the number of
images exceeds 500.
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With u, you can record in the versatile JPEG format or the high
quality and editable RAW format. For RAW file format, you can select the
PENTAX original PEF format or general-purpose DNG (Digital Negative)
format designed by Adobe Systems. On a 512 MB SD Memory Card, you
can record up to 20 images in PEF format or DNG format.
1Setting the File Format (p.158)
When the File Format is RAW
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Turning the Camera On and Off
1 Move the main switch to [ON]
position.
The camera will turn on.
Move the main switch to [OFF] position
to turn off the camera.
• Always turn the camera off when not in use.
• The power will automatically turn off when you do not perform any operations
within a set period of time. To reactivate the camera after the camera turns
off automatically, turn it on again or perform any of the following.
• Press the shutter release button halfway.
• Press the Q button.
• Press the M button.
• By default, the camera is set to power off automatically after 1 minute of
inactivity. You can change the setting with [Auto Power Off] on the [R Set-up]
menu. (p.233)
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Initial Settings
The first time the camera is turned on after
purchasing, the [Language/ ] screen
appears on the monitor. Follow the
procedure below to set the language
displayed on the monitor and the current
date and time. Once setting is done, these
will not need to be set again when turning
your camera on.
If the Date Adjust screen appears, set the
date and time by following the procedure in
“Setting the Date and Time” (p.48).
You can choose the language in which the menus, error messages, etc.
are displayed from the following: English, French, German, Spanish,
Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Czech,
Hungarian, Turkish, Russian, Korean, Chinese (traditional/simplified) and
Japanese.
1 Use the four-way controller
(2345) to select the desired
language.
The default setting is English.
Setting the Display Language
MENU OKCancel OK
24h
00 : 00
MENU OKOK
mm/dd/yy
2008/0101 /
Date Sty le
Date Adjust
Date
Time
Cancel
MENU OKCancel OK
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2 Press the 4 button.
The [Initial Setting] screen for the
selected language appears.
Press the four-way controller (3) twice
and proceed to Step 9 if [Hometown]
does not have to be adjusted.
3 Press the four-way controller (3).
The cursor moves to W.
4 Press the four-way controller (5) and use the four-way
controller (45) to select the city.
5 Press the four-way controller (3).
The cursor moves to DST (daylight saving time).
6 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P (Off).
7 Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the [Initial Setting] screen.
8 Press the four-way controller (3).
The cursor moves to [Text Size].
9 Press the four-way controller
(5) and use the four-way
controller (23) to select [Std.]
or [Large].
Selecting [Large] magnifies the
selected menu item.
10 Press the 4 button twice.
The screen for setting the date and time will be displayed.
In this manual, the menu screens hereafter are described with [Text Size] set
to [Std.].
Engl ish
New York
Text S ize Std.
Language
In i t ia l Set t ing
MENU OKOKCancel
MENU
Std.
Engl ish
New York
Text S ize Large
Language
In i t ia l Set t ing
OKOKCancel
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When an Incorrect Language is Set
When you mistakenly select a language in the [Language/ ] screen,
you can perform the following operations to set the correct language.
1 Press the 3 button once or
twice to display the guides
(p.22) on the monitor.
The screen shown on the right is an
example of the guides displayed. The
displayed screen will vary depending on
the selected language.
The guides appear on the monitor for 3
seconds. (Capture mode)
2 Press the 3 button once.
A is displayed in the upper tab. ([A Rec. Mode] menu)
3 Press the four-way controller (5) twice.
R is displayed in the upper tab. ([R Set-up] menu)
4 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Language/ ]
in the bottom row.
5 Press the four-way controller (5).
The [Language/ ] screen appears.
6 Use the four-way controller (2345) to select the
desired language and press the 4 button.
The [R Set-up] menu for the selected language appears.
Refer to the following pages and set the desired city for [Hometown]
and the current date and time as necessary.
• To change Hometown: “Setting the World Time” (p.221)
• To change date and time: “Changing the Date and Time and the Display
Style” (p.220)
When [Hometown] and the date and time are not set, the [Initial Setting] or
[Date Adjust] screen will be displayed when the camera is turned on again.
AF.S
01 01/2008 / 00: 00
AF
P
P LINERAW RAW+
9
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etting Started
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Set the current date and time and the display style.
1 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The frame moves to [mm/dd/yy].
2 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the date style.
3 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The frame moves to [24h].
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to select 24h (24-hour
display) or 12h (12-hour display).
5 Press the four-way controller (5).
The frame returns to [Date Style].
6 Press the four-way controller (3).
The frame moves to [Date].
Setting the Date and Time
24h
00 : 00
MENU OKOK
mm/dd/yy
2008/0101 /
Date Sty le
Date Adjust
Date
Time
Cancel
24h
00 : 00
MENU OKOK
mm/dd/yy
2008/0101 /
Date Sty le
Date Adjust
Date
Time
Cancel
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7 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The frame moves to the month.
8 Use the four-way controller (23) to set the month.
Set the day and year in the same manner.
Next, set the time.
If you select [12h] in Step 4, the setting switches between am and pm
depending on the time.
9 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture. If you set the date and time with
the menu operations, the screen will return to the [R Set-up] menu.
Press the 4 button again.
Pressing the 3 button while adjusting the date cancels the settings made
so far and switches the camera to Capture mode. If the power is turned on
without the date and time set, the Date Adjust screen is displayed if Initial
Setting has been performed. You can also set the date later by menu
operations. (p.220)
• When you finish the settings and press the 4 button, the camera clock is
reset to 00 seconds. To set the exact time, press the 4 button when the
time signal (on the TV, radio, etc.) reaches 00 seconds.
• You can change the language and date and time settings with the menu
operations. (p.220, p.224)
MENU
24h
00 : 00
OKOK
mm/dd/yy
2008/0101 /
Date Sty le
Date Adjust
Date
Time
Cancel
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Attaching the Lens
All camera exposure modes are available when using DA, D FA, FA J or
other lenses with an Aperture s (Auto) position. Some functions are
restricted when lenses are not set to the Aperture s position. Also see
“Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring]” (p.251). Other lenses and
accessories will not be available with factory default settings. To allow
shutter release with lenses or accessories not listed above, set [36. Using
aperture ring] in the [A Custom Settings] menu. (p.75)
1 Check that the camera is turned off.
2 Remove the body mount cover
(1) and lens mount cover (2).
Be sure to put the lens down with the
lens mount side facing upward to
protect the lens mount from damage
after removal.
3 Align the red dots on the
camera and the lens, and
secure by turning the lens
clockwise until it clicks.
After attaching, turn the lens
counterclockwise to check that the lens
is locked in place.
Turn the camera off before attaching or removing the lens to prevent
unexpected lens movement.
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4 Remove the front lens cap by
pushing the indicated portions
inward.
To detach the lens, hold down the lens
unlock button (3) and turn the lens
counterclockwise.
• The body mount cover (1) is a cover to prevent scratches and block dust
when shipped. Body Mount Cap K is sold separately and has a lock function.
• We assume no responsibility nor liability for accidents, damages and
malfunctions resulting from the use of lenses made by other manufacturers.
• The camera body and lens mount incorporate lens information contacts and
an AF coupler. Dirt, dust, or corrosion may damage the electrical system.
When necessary, clean the contacts with a soft dry cloth.
3
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Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter
Adjust the viewfinder to suit your eyesight.
If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly, slide the diopter
adjustment lever sideways.
You can adjust the diopter from approximately –2.5m-1 to +1.5m-1.
1 Look through the viewfinder and
point the camera at a white wall
or other bright and consistent
surface. Slide the diopter
adjustment lever left or right.
Adjust the lever until the AF frame in
the viewfinder is focused.
• The FP Eyecup is attached to the
viewfinder portion when camera leaves
the factory. Diopter adjustment is available
with the FP Eyecup attached. However,
adjustment is easier with the eyecup
removed. To remove the FP Eyecup, press
in one side and pull it out in the direction of
the arrow.
To attach the FP Eyecup, align it with the
groove on the viewfinder eyepiece and
push it into position.
• If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly even if you set the diopter
adjustment lever, use the diopter correction lens adapter M. However, the
eyecup must be removed to use this adapter. (p.258)
AF frame
3 Basic Operations
This chapter explains basic operations for shooting by
setting mode dial to Green mode (automatic exposure
according to the Normal program line) to ensure successful
capturing.
For information about advanced functions and settings for
taking pictures, refer to chapter 4 and onward.
Basic Shooting Operation ...................................54
Using a Zoom Lens ..............................................59
Using the Built-in Flash .......................................60
Taking Pictures Using the Shake Reduction
Function ................................................................65
Playing Back Still Pictures ..................................68
Deleting Images ....................................................70
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Basic Shooting Operation
How you hold the camera is important when taking pictures.
• Hold the camera firmly with both hands.
• Press the shutter release button gently when taking a picture.
Holding the Camera
• To reduce camera shake, support your body or the camera on a solid object
such as a table, tree, or wall.
• Although there are individual differences among photographers, the shutter
speed for a handheld camera is generally 1/(focal length ×1.5). For example,
it is 1/75 of a second for a focal length of 50 mm and 1/150 of a second for
100 mm. Use a tripod or the Shake Reduction function (p.65) when using a
lower shutter speed.
• When using a telephoto lens, a tripod that is heavier than the total weight of
the camera and lens is recommended to avoid camera shake.
• Do not use the Shake Reduction function when using the camera on a tripod.
Horizontal position Vertical position
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The u features various Capture modes, Focus modes, and Drive
modes suited for your intentions. This section explains how to take
pictures by simply pressing the shutter release button.
1 Set the mode dial to B.
The Exposure mode changes to B
(Green) mode. In B, proper
exposure is determined by the
camera and the shutter speed and
aperture are automatically set. (p.83)
2 Set the focus mode lever to
l. The Focus mode changes to l
(Autofocus/Single) mode. In l, the
lens automatically focuses when the
shutter release button is pressed
halfway. When the image is focused,
the shutter can be released. (p.104)
Letting the Camera Choose the Optimal
Settings
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3 Look through the viewfinder to
view the subject.
A zoom lens can be used to change the
size of the subject in the viewfinder.
1Using a Zoom Lens (p.59)
4 Position the subject inside the
AF frame and press the shutter
release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The
focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when the subject comes into
focus.
The flash does not pop up automatically.
If the flash is necessary, the flash status
E blinks. Press the K button (p.63) to
pop up the flash manually.
1Operating the shutter release button
(p.57)
1Subjects that are Difficult to Focus on
(p.58)
1Using the Built-in Flash (p.60)
1Selecting the Focusing Area (AF Point)
(p.107)
5 Press the shutter release
button fully.
The picture is taken.
You can preview the image in the monitor and check the composition,
exposure, and focus before taking the picture. (p.113)
Focus indicatorFlash
status
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6 Review the captured image on
the monitor.
Image appears for 1 second on the
monitor after capturing (Instant Review).
You can magnify the image during
Instant Review with the rear e-dial.
(p.174)
You can delete the image during Instant
Review by pressing the i button.
1 Setting the Instant Review (p.227)
1 Deleting Images (p.70)
1 Bright/Dark Area Display (p.227)
1 Histogram Display (p.227)
Delete
Operating the shutter release button
The shutter release button has two working positions.
Pressing it down halfway (first position) turns on the viewfinder and
LCD panel indicators and the autofocus system operates. Pressing it
fully (second position) takes the picture.
• Press the shutter release button gently when taking a picture to prevent
camera shake.
• Practice pressing the shutter release button halfway to learn where the
first position is.
• The viewfinder indicators stay on while shutter release button is
pressed halfway. The indications stay on for about 10 seconds (default
setting) while the exposure metering timer is on after the button is
released. (p.27, p.99)
Not pressed Pressed halfway
(first position)
Pressed fully
(second position)
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The autofocus mechanism is not perfect. Focusing may be difficult when
taking pictures under the following conditions ((a) to (f) below). These also
apply to manual focusing using the focus indicator ] in the viewfinder.
If the subject cannot be focused automatically, set the focus mode lever to
and use the manual focus mode to focus on the subject with the aid
of the matte field in the viewfinder. (p.111)
(a) Extremely low-contrast subjects such as a white wall in the
focusing area.
(b) Subjects which do not reflect much light within the focusing area.
(c) Fast moving objects.
(d) Strongly reflected light or strong backlighting (bright background).
(e) If repeating vertical or horizontal line patterns appear within the
focusing area.
(f) Multiple subjects in the foreground and background within the
focusing area.
Subjects that are Difficult to Focus on
Subject may not be focused even when ] (focus indicator) is displayed when
(e) and (f) above apply.
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Using a Zoom Lens
Enlarge the subject (telephoto) or capture a wider area (wide angle) with
a zoom lens. Adjust it to the desired size and take the picture.
1 Turn the zoom ring to the right
or left.
Turn the zoom ring clockwise for
telephoto and counterclockwise for
wide angle.
• The smaller the number of the displayed focal length, the wider the angle.
The larger the number, the more magnified the image appears.
• Power Zoom (Auto Zoom) is available if a Power Zoom compatible FA lens
is used with this camera.
Wide Angle Telephoto
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Using the Built-in Flash
If you wish to discharge the flash in a dark or backlit location, press the
K button to pop up the flash. Select a flash mode to suit your purpose
from the Flash options screen in the Fn menu. You can adjust the flash
output with the rear e-dial in any Exposure mode other than Green mode.
The built-in flash is optimum at about 0.7 m to 5 m from the subject.
Exposure will not be properly controlled and vignetting may occur when
used at a distance closer than 0.7 m (this distance varies slightly
depending on the lens being used and set sensitivity (p.141)).
C Auto discharge
Discharges the flash automatically in dark or backlit
locations.
D
Auto flash+
Redeye reduct Lights a red-eye reduction light before automatic flash.
E Flash On Discharges the flash each time.
F
Flash On+
Red-eye
Lights a red-eye reduction light before discharging the
flash with Flash On.
G Slow-speed sync
Sets the shutter speed slower depending on the
brightness. Use this when shooting a portrait in front of
a sunset or other scenery to capture both the person
and background clearly.
H
Slow-speed sync+
Red-eye
Lights a red-eye reduction light before discharging the
flash with Slow-speed sync.
I
k Trailing curtain
sync
Discharges flash immediately before closing the
shutter curtain. Capture moving images as if they are
leaving a trail behind.
r Wireless Mode
You can synchronize a dedicated external flash
(AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) without using a sync cord.
Compatibility of built-in flash and lens
Vignetting (darkening of the corners of the image due to a lack of
light) may occur depending on the lens being used and the capture
conditions. We recommend taking a test shot to confirm this.
1DA, D FA, FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility with the Built-in Flash
(p.142)
• When using the built-in flash, remove the lens hood before shooting.
• The built-in flash fully discharges for lenses without a function to set
aperture lens ring to s (Auto).
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1 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
When using Slow-speed sync or Slow-speed sync+Red-eye, the shutter speed
becomes slower depending on the brightness. Use Shake Reduction (p.65) or
fix the camera on a tripod to prevent camera shake.
Selecting Flash Mode
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
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2 Press the four-way controller (3).
The Flash options screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (45) to choose a flash mode.
When not in B (Green) mode, turn the rear e-dial to perform Flash
exposure compensation. (p.136)
4 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
• When the mode dial is set to B, C and D can be selected, when set to
b, L, a or p, you can select E, F, k and r, and when set to M,
you can select E, F and r. For any other mode, E, F, G, H, I and
r can be selected.
• When the mode dial is set to A, the available flash modes vary depending
on the settings that have been saved.
0.0 OKOK
Flash Mode
Flash On
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1 Press the K button.
The built-in flash pops up and begins
charging. When the flash is fully charged,
E appears in the LCD panel and
viewfinder.
(p.27, p.29)
2 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears in the viewfinder when focused.
3 Press the shutter release button fully.
The picture is taken.
4 Push down on the portion
indicated in the illustration to
retract the flash.
Using Built-in Flash
• When the mode dial is at B, the flash is not discharged when the lighting
conditions do not require flash for correction even if the flash is popped up.
• The Flash On is used when the flash is popped up if the mode dial is at a
setting other than B.
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“Red-eye” is the phenomenon where eyes look reddish in photographs
taken in dark environments with a flash. This is caused by the reflection of
the electronic flash in the retina of the eye. Red-eye occurs because pupils
are dilated in dark environments.
This phenomenon cannot be averted but the following measures can be
used to combat it.
• Brighten the surroundings when shooting.
• Set to wide angle and shoot from closer if a zoom lens is in use.
• Use a flash that supports red-eye reduction.
• Position the flash as far away from the camera as possible when using
an external flash.
The red-eye reduction function on this camera reduces red-eye by
discharging the flash twice. With the red-eye reduction function, the preflash is discharged just before the shutter is released. This reduces pupil
dilation. The main flash is then discharged while the pupils are smaller,
reducing the red-eye effect. To use the red-eye reduction function, set D
(Auto flash+Redeye reduct) in Green mode, or F (Flash On+Red-eye) or
H (Slow-speed sync+Red-eye) in other modes for Flash mode.
In daylight conditions, the flash will eliminate shadows when a portrait
picture is taken with a person’s face cast in shadow. Use of the flash in this
way is called Daylight-Sync Shooting. Flash On is used when shooting
with Daylight-Sync Shooting.
Taking pictures (Hyper-program)
1 Pop up the flash manually and confirm that the flash mode is set to E
(Flash On). (p.63)
2 Confirm that the flash is fully charged.
3 Take the picture.
Using Red-eye Reduction Flash
Daylight-Sync Shooting
The picture may be overexposed if the background is too bright.
Without Daylight-Sync With Daylight-Sync
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Taking Pictures Using the Shake
Reduction Function
You can easily take sharp pictures using the Shake Reduction function by
simply turning on the Shake Reduction switch.
Shake Reduction
The Shake Reduction function reduces camera shake that occurs
when the shutter release button is pressed. This is useful for taking
pictures in situations where camera shake is likely to occur. The Shake
Reduction function allows you to take pictures at approximately 4 steps
slower shutter speed without the risk of the camera shake.
The Shake Reduction function is ideal when taking pictures in the
following situations.
• When taking pictures in dimly lit locations, such as indoors, at night,
on cloudy days and in the shade
• When taking telephoto pictures
Shake Reduction Function and Lens Focal Length
The Shake Reduction function operates by acquiring the lens information
such as focal length.
If the camera uses a DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lens, the lens information is
automatically acquired when the Shake Reduction function is activated.
[Focal Length] cannot be set from [Input Focal Length] menu in the [A
Rec. Mode] (The menu items cannot be selected).
If another type of lens is used, the lens information cannot be automatically
acquired even when the Shake Reduction function is activated.
In this case, the [Input Focal Length] setting menu appears. Set [Focal
Length] manually on the [Input Focal Length] setting menu. 1 Setting the
Shake Reduction Function (p.67)
• The Shake Reduction function does not compensate for blurring caused by movement
of the subject. To take pictures of a moving subject, increase the shutter speed.
• The Shake Reduction function may not fully reduce camera shake when
taking close-up shots. In this case, it is recommended that the Shake
Reduction function be turned off and the camera be used with a tripod.
• The Shake Reduction function will not fully work when shooting with a
slower shutter speed, for example when shooting a moving subject or
night scenes. In this case, it is recommended that the Shake Reduction
function be turned off and the camera be used with a tripod.
Picture taken with
the Shake Reduction functionBlurred picture
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1 Turn on the Shake Reduction
switch.
When the shutter release button is
pressed halfway, k appears in the
viewfinder and the Shake Reduction
function turns on.
Turning On the Shake Reduction Function
• Be sure to turn off the Shake Reduction switch when using the camera with
a tripod.
• The Shake Reduction function automatically turns off in the following
situations.
When using self-timer, 2 sec. self-timer, remote control shooting, 3 sec. delay
shooting, bulb shooting, or wireless mode with an external flash
• If a type of lens that does not support automatic acquisition of lens
information such as focal length is used (p.65), the [Input Focal Length] menu
appears. Set [Focal Length] manually on the [Input Focal Length] setting
menu. 1 Setting the Shake Reduction Function (p.67)
• Turn the Shake Reduction switch off if you will not use the Shake Reduction
function.
• The Shake Reduction function will not fully work (for about 2 seconds) right
after turning on the camera or restoring from Auto Power Off. Wait for the
Shake Reduction function to become stable before gently pressing the
shutter release button to take a picture. Press the shutter release button
halfway. The camera is ready to take pictures when k appears in the
viewfinder.
• Shake Reduction is available with any u compatible PENTAX lens.
However, when the aperture ring is set at other than the s (Auto) position or
a lens without an s position is used, the camera does not operate unless [36.
Using aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (see
p.75; see p.30 - p.31 for operation method). Set this beforehand. Note that
some functions are restricted when [36. Using aperture ring] is set to
[Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. Refer to “Notes on [36. Using
Aperture Ring]” (p.251) for details.
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The [Input Focal Length] setting menu appears when the camera is turned
on with the Shake Reduction switch on and a type of lens that does not
support automatic acquisition of lens information such as focal length
(p.65) is mounted.
Set [Focal Length] manually on the [Input Focal Length] setting menu.
1 Use the four-way controller
(45) or the rear e-dial to set
[Focal Length].
Select from the following 34 focal length
values. (The default setting is 35.)
2 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
Setting the Shake Reduction Function
• The [Input Focal Length] setting menu does not appear when using a lens
that supports automatic acquisition of lens information such as focal length
because [Focal Length] is set automatically.
• When using a lens without the s position on the aperture or with the aperture
set to a position other than the s position, set [36. Using aperture ring] on
the [A Custom Setting] menu to [Permitted].
8 10 12 15 18 20 24 28 30 35
40 45 50 55 65 70 75 85 100 120
135 150 180 200 250 300 350 400 450 500
550 600 700 800
• If the focal length for your lens is not listed above, select the value closest to
the actual focal length (example: [18] for 17 mm and [100] for 105 mm).
• When using a zoom lens, select the actual focal length at the zoom setting in
the same manner.
• Effect of Shake Reduction is influenced by the shooting distance as well as
focal length information. The Shake Reduction function may not perform as
expected when shooting at close ranges.
To change the [Focal Length] setting, use [Input Focal Length] on the [A Rec.
Mode] menu. (p.72)
Input Focal Length
135120100
Focal Length
MENU OKCancel OK
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Playing Back Still Pictures
You can play back captured still pictures with the camera.
1 Press the Q button after
taking a picture.
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed on the monitor.
Press the M button during
playback to display information such as
the image data for the displayed image.
Refer to p.25 - p.26 for display
information details.
Playing Back Images
Use the included “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3” software to play back using a
PC. Refer to the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3
Operating Manual” for details.
100-0001
RGB
100-0001
1/2000
F2.8
JPEG
ISO 10000K G2 A1
AdobeRGB
200
AF.S
100-0001
1/2000
+1.5F2.8 - 0 .5
14.6
10 : 39AM
24 mm
±0
±0
±0
±0
g Av / 200802 02/
Standard display
M
M
M
M
Histogram display
No info. Display Detailed information display
69
B
asic O
perations
3
2 Press the four-way controller
(45).
4 : The previous image appears.
5 : The next image appears.
• You can display the next or previous image by turning the front e-dial.
• Refer to “Playback Functions” (p.169) for playback mode details.
70
B
asic O
perations
3
Deleting Images
You can delete one image at a time.
1 Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45)
to select an image to delete.
2 Press the i button.
The Delete screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Delete].
Select the file format to delete for
images saved in RAW+ format.
4 Press the 4 button.
The image is deleted.
Deleting a Single Image
• Deleted images cannot be restored.
• Protected images cannot be deleted.
Delete JPEG Deletes only the JPEG image.
Delete RAW Deletes only the RAW image.
Delete
RAW+JPEG
Deletes both file formats.
When deleting multiple images, refer to “Deleting Multiple Images” (p.185).
Delete
100-0046
OK
Cancel
Al l images OK
4 Shooting Functions
This chapter describes the various basic and advanced
shooting functions available with the u.
How to Operate the Shooting Menus .................72
Setting the Exposure ...........................................76
Focusing .............................................................104
Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus
Before Shooting .................................................113
Continuous Shooting .........................................117
Interval Shooting ................................................120
Self-Timer Shooting ...........................................122
Remote Control Shooting (Remote Control F: Sold
Separately) ..........................................................125
Using Mirror Up Function to Prevent Camera
Shake ...................................................................128
Changing the Shooting Conditions Automatically
when Shooting (Auto Bracket) ..........................129
Storing User Settings .........................................133
72
Shooting Functions
4
How to Operate the Shooting Menus
Press the 3 button in Capture mode. The [A Rec. Mode] menu
appears.
Perform settings related to capturing in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
[A Rec. Mode] Menu Setting Items
Item Function Page
Exposure Mode Sets the Exposure mode.* Appears only when the mode dial is set to A. p.133
JPEG Recorded
Pixels
Sets the recording size of images for JPEG
shooting. p.156
JPEG Quality Sets the image quality for JPEG shooting. p.157
File Format Sets the file format. p.158
RAW file format Sets the file format for RAW shooting. p.158
Extended Bracket Sets Extended Bracket shooting. p.131
Multi-exposure Sets Multi-exposure shooting. p.103
Interval Shooting Sets interval shooting. p.120
Color Space Sets the color space to use. p.167
RAW button Sets the | button function. p.159
Memory Sets the settings to save when the power is turned off. p.236
Input Focal Length
Sets the [Focal Length] when using a lens for
which focal length information cannot be
acquired.
p.67
73
Shooting Functions
4
Set custom functions to fully use the functions of a SLR camera with the
Custom Setting Menu. The default setting does not change custom
function.
The [A Custom Setting] menu settings are activated when [Setting], the
first item, is O (On).
[A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items
Item Function Page
Setting Sets to change custom function. 1. Program Line Set the type of Program line. p.82
2. EV Steps Sets the adjustment steps for exposure. p.101
3. Sensitivity Steps Sets the adjustment steps for ISO sensitivity. p.78
4. Expand sensitivity Sets whether to increase the upper sensitivity limit to ISO 6400. p.78
5. Meter Operating
Time Sets the exposure metering time. p.99
6. AE-L with AF
locked
Sets whether to lock exposure value when focus
is locked. p.110
7. Link AF Point and
AE
Sets whether to link the exposure and AF point in
the focusing area during multi-segment metering. p.99
8. One-Push
Bracketing
Sets whether to shoot all frames with one release
when using Exposure Bracket. p.130
9. Auto Bracketing order Sets the order for bracket shooting. p.129
10. Auto EV
Compensation
Sets whether to compensate automatically when
proper exposure cannot be determined. 11. WB when using
flash
Sets whether to fix white balance when flash is
discharged. p.161
12. WB Adjustable
Range
Sets whether to automatically fine-tune the white
balance when specifying the light source on the
White Balance setting.
p.161
13. AF Button
Function
Sets the operation for when the = button is
pressed. When set to [Enable AF], AF is
performed when the = button is pressed.
When set to [Cancel AF], AF is not performed
when the shutter release button is pressed
halfway while the = button is pressed.
When set to [Center AF Point] with j (Select)
set on the AF point switching dial, the AF point is
set to the center when the = button is pressed.
p.107,
p.112
74
Shooting Functions
4
14. AF by Press
Halfway
Sets whether to perform AF when the shutter
release button is pressed halfway. 15. Superimpose AF
Area
Sets whether to display the selected AF point
(focus position) in the viewfinder. p.107
16. AF in remote
control
Sets whether to use Autofocus when shooting
with remote control.
Shutter releases after AF activates if shutter is
released from remote control when set to [On].
Shutter cannot be released until in focus.
AF does not activate at shutter release from
remote control when set to [Off].
-
17. Slow Shutter
Speed NR
Sets whether to allow the camera to select when
to reduce noise or to reduce noise only when
shooting at slow shutter speeds.
p.80
18. High-ISO Noise
Reduction
Sets whether to use Noise Reduction when
shooting with a high ISO. Select from three
levels.
p.80
19. Color temp. steps Sets the adjustment steps for color temperature. p.165
20. e-dial in Program Sets the e-dials in e (Hyper-program) mode. 21. e-dial in K
mode Sets the e-dials in K (Sensitivity Priority) mode. 22. e-dial in b mode Sets the e-dials in b (Shutter Priority) mode. 23. e-dial in c mode Sets the e-dials in c (Aperture Priority) mode. 24. e-dial in L & a Sets the e-dials in L (Shutter and Aperture Priority) mode and a (Hyper-manual) mode. 25. e-dial in p & M Sets the e-dials in p (Bulb) mode and M (Flash X-sync speed) mode. 26. Green button in
L & a
Selects the exposure adjustment method when
the Green button is pressed in L (Shutter and
Aperture Priority) mode or a (Hyper-manual)
mode.
p.95
27. Illuminate LCD
panel Sets whether to illuminate the LCD panel. p.29
28. Release when
Charging
Sets to release shutter while the built-in flash is
charging. p.137
29. Flash in Wireless
Mode
Sets the built-in flash discharge method in
wireless mode. p.146
30. Preview Method Sets Preview Method when the main switch is turned to the preview position (|). p.113
Item Function Page
75
Shooting Functions
4
Press the { button in Capture mode. The
Fn menu appears.
Press the four-way controller (2345)
or the 4 button to set the operation.
31. Display
Sensitivity
Sets whether to switch the number of recordable
images in the LCD panel and viewfinder to the
sensitivity display.
-
34. Catch-in focus
When set to [On], if the focus mode is set to l
and a manual focus lens is attached, catch-in
focus shooting is possible and the shutter is
released automatically when the subject comes
into focus.
p.112
35. AF Adjustment Performs AF adjustment. p.106
36. Using aperture
ring
Sets to enable shutter release when lens
aperture ring is set at other than s. p.251
Reset Custom
Function
Resets all the settings in the Custom Setting
menu to the defaults. p.239
Shooting Fn Menu Setting Items
Key or
Button Item Function Page
2 Drive Mode
Selects Continuous shooting, Self-timer
or Remote control.
p.117,
p.122,
p.125
3 Flash Mode Adjusts the method of flash discharge. p.61
4 White Balance
Adjusts the color balance to match the
type of the light source illuminating the
subject.
p.160
5 Sensitivity Sets the sensitivity. p.78
4 Custom Image Sets image processing. p.154
Item Function Page
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
76
Shooting Functions
4
Setting the Exposure
Correct exposure of the subject is determined by the combination of
shutter speed and aperture setting. There are many correct combinations
of shutter speed and aperture for a particular subject. Different
combinations produce different effects.
The shutter speed determines the length of time that light is allowed to
strike the CMOS sensor.
Using slower shutter speed
If the subject is moving, the image will be
blurred because the shutter is open
longer.
It is possible to enhance the effect of
motion (rivers, waterfalls, waves, etc.) by
intentionally using a slower shutter speed.
Using faster shutter speed
Choosing a faster shutter speed will allow
freezing the action of a moving subject.
A faster shutter speed also helps
preventing camera shake.
Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed
Effect of Shutter Speed
77
Shooting Functions
4
Adjust the amount of light hitting the CMOS sensor by changing the
aperture.
Opening the aperture (reduce the aperture value)
Objects closer and farther than the focused
subject will be more out of focus. For
instance, if you take a picture of a flower
against a landscape with the aperture open,
the landscape in front and behind the flower
will be blurred, emphasizing only the flower.
Closing the aperture (increase the aperture value)
The range in focus expands forward and
backward. For instance, if you take a picture
of a flower against a landscape with the
aperture narrowed, the landscape in front
and behind the flower will be in focus.
Effect of Aperture
Depth of Field
When you focus on a portion of the subject, there is a range in which
both objects closer and farther will also be in focus. This focused
range is called the depth of field.
• The depth of field for the u differs depending on the lens but
compared to a 35 mm camera, the value is roughly one aperture
setting lower (the focused range becomes narrower).
• The wider the wide-angle lens, and the farther away the subject, the
deeper the depth of field is (some zoom lenses do not have a scale
for depth of field because of their designs).
Depth of field Shallow Deep
Area of focus Narrow Wide
Aperture Open Close(Smaller value) (Larger value)
Lens focal length Longer Shorter(Telephoto) (Wide-angle)
Distance to the subject Near Far
78
Shooting Functions
4
You can set the sensitivity to suit the brightness of the surroundings.
The sensitivity can be set to [AUTO] or within a sensitivity range equivalent
to ISO 100 to 3200. The default setting is [AUTO].
Set [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu. (p.75)
Set range to automatically correct sensitivity when Sensitivity is set to
[AUTO]. The sensitivity is automatically corrected in the range of [ISO 100400] by default.
Turn the front or rear e-dial to set the range in [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu.
Setting the Sensitivity
• [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu cannot be used to set the sensitivity when the
exposure mode is set to K (Sensitivity Priority). Turn the rear e-dial in
Capture mode to make the setting. (p.85)
• Settings other than [AUTO] are not available in [Sensitivity] when the
exposure mode is set to L (Shutter & Aperture Priority).
• When the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb), the upper sensitivity limit is ISO
1600.
• The sensitivity range can be expanded to a range of ISO 100 to 6400 when
[4. Expand sensitivity] in the [A Custom Setting] menu is set to [On].
• Noise Reduction is set to [Strong] when shooting with a sensitivity of ISO
3200 or higher, regardless of the [18. High-ISO Noise Reduction] setting
(p.80) in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
• Captured images can show more noise if a higher sensitivity is set.
• You can set whether to lock the ISO sensitivity adjustment to increments of
1 EV or to coordinate it with the EV Steps (p.101) in [3. Sensitivity Steps] in
the [A Custom Setting] menu.
Setting the Range of Automatic Correction in AUTO
Front e-dial Sets the lower sensitivity limit.
Rear e-dial Sets the upper sensitivity limit.
AUTO
Sensi t iv i ty
AUTO 100-400
D-RangeFn OKOK
800
1600
400
200
100
3200
79
Shooting Functions
4
Press the 4 button in Capture mode. The set sensitivity is displayed on
the LCD panel and in the viewfinder. Turn the front e-dial while pressing
the 4 button to change the sensitivity.
Dynamic range is the ratio that indicates the light level expressed by the
CMOS sensor pixels from bright areas to dark areas.
By using the Expand Dynamic Range function, you can expand the light
level expressed by the CMOS sensor pixels, making it more difficult for
bright areas to occur in the image.
Press the { button for the [Sensitivity] setting in the Fn menu to turn this
function on or off.
When the exposure mode is set to a (Hyper-manual), p (Bulb) or M (Flash Xsync speed), the sensitivity cannot be set to [AUTO].
Changing the Sensitivity in Capture Mode
• You can set the sensitivity to ISO AUTO by pressing the Green button while
pressing the 4 button when the exposure mode is set to e (Hyperprogram), b (Shutter Priority), or c (Aperture Priority).
• You can display the number of recordable images by pressing the 4 button
when the exposure mode is set to K (Sensitivity Priority) or L (Shutter
and Aperture Priority).
Expanding the Dynamic Range
When the dynamic range is expanded, the sensitivity range is reduced to ISO
200 to 3200.
AUTO
Sensi t iv i ty
AUTO 200-400
200%
D-Range
D-RangeFn OKOK
800
1600
400
200
3200
80
Shooting Functions
4
This camera features the following nine exposure modes.
Use the mode dial (p.32) to change the exposure mode. The settings
available for each exposure mode are as follows.
Changing the Exposure Mode
Exposure
Mode Description
EV Compensation
Change
Shutter
Speed
Change
Aperture
Sensitivity Page
B
(Green)
Automatically sets
shutter speed and
aperture to the proper
exposure according to
Program line when
taking pictures.
No No No Yes p.83
Noise Reduction
When you use a digital camera to shoot with a long exposure or high
sensitivity setting, image noise (image roughness or unevenness)
becomes noticeable.
You can reduce image noise by using Noise Reduction. Images shot
with Noise Reduction take longer to save.
Set in [17. Slow Shutter Speed NR] or [18. High-ISO Noise
Reduction] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
Slow Shutter Speed NR
Auto: The camera determines the conditions such as the shutter
speed, sensitivity, and internal temperature, and automatically
reduces noise as necessary.
On: Reduces noise only when shooting at slow shutter speeds (0.3
seconds or more).
High-ISO Noise Reduction
Select the level of noise reduction from [Off], [Weakest], [Weak], or
[Strong] when shooting with a high-sensitivity setting.
81
Shooting Functions
4
e (Hyperprogram)
Automatically sets
shutter speed and
aperture to the proper
exposure according to
Program line when
taking pictures. You
can use the front and
rear e-dials to easily
switch between shutter
priority and aperture
priority.
Yes Yes Yes Yes p.84
K
(Sensitivity
Priority)
Automatically sets the
shutter speed and
aperture to the proper
exposure according to
the set sensitivity.
Yes No No
Other
than
Auto
p.85
b (Shutter
Priority)
Lets you set the
desired shutter speed
for expressing moving
subjects.
Yes Yes No Yes p.87
c (Aperture
Priority)
Lets you set aperture
for controlling the
depth of field.
Yes No Yes Yes p.89
L
(Shutter &
Aperture
Priority)
Automatically sets the
sensitivity so that the
manually set shutter
speed and aperture will
give the proper
exposure according to
the brightness of the
subject.
Yes Yes Yes Auto only p.91
a (Hypermanual)
Lets you set shutter
speed and aperture to
capture the picture with
creative intent.
Yes* Yes Yes
Other
than
Auto
(up to
ISO
1600)
p.93
p (Bulb)
Lets you capture
images that require
slow shutter speeds
such as fireworks and
night scenes.
No No Yes
Other
than
Auto
p.96
Exposure
Mode Description
EV Compensation
Change
Shutter
Speed
Change
Aperture
Sensitivity Page
82
Shooting Functions
4
* Refer to p.101 for details on EV compensation for a (Hyper-manual) and M (Flash X-sync
speed).
M
(Flash Xsync
speed)
The shutter speed is
locked at 1/180
seconds. Use this
when using an External
flash that does not
automatically change
the shutter speed.
Yes* No Yes
Other
than
Auto
p.97
Exposure
Mode Description
EV Compensation
Change
Shutter
Speed
Change
Aperture
Sensitivity Page
About Program Line
In [1. Program Line] in the [A Custom Setting] menu, choose normal
Program line or one of the following. In B and e, exposure is
regulated according to the set Program line.
Normal Normal program is the basic Program Automatic Exposure.
Hi Speed (Hispeed priority)
Hi-speed priority program is a Program Automatic
Exposure that prioritizes high shutter speeds.
Depth (Depthof-field priority)
Depth-of-field priority program is a Program Automatic
Exposure that prioritizes lower aperture.
MTF (MTF
priority)
MTF priority program is a Program Automatic Exposure
that prioritizes the best aperture settings for the attached
lens and is effective when combined with a DA, D FA, FA,
or FA J lens.
83
Shooting Functions
4
Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture to the proper exposure
according to Program line when taking pictures.
1 Set the mode dial to B.
2 Confirm the shutter speed and aperture in the viewfinder
or on the LCD panel.
Using the B (Green) Mode
Shutter speed, aperture, AE lock, EV compensation, Auto bracket, Multiexposure, and Flash exposure compensation cannot be set in B (Green)
mode.
Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
84
Shooting Functions
4
Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture to the proper exposure
according to Program line when taking pictures.
Use the front e-dial and rear e-dial to change the shutter speed and
aperture while maintaining the proper exposure (Hyper-program).
1 Set the mode dial to e.
2 Confirm the shutter speed
and aperture in the
viewfinder or on the LCD
panel.
Using the e (Hyper-program) Mode
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
• You can change the Program line to use.
Set in [1. Program Line] in the [A Custom
Setting] menu. (p.82)
• You can automatically correct the
sensitivity if appropriate exposure cannot
be set with the set criteria. Set [Sensitivity]
to [AUTO] in the Fn menu. (p.78)
85
Shooting Functions
4
You can set the sensitivity to suit the brightness of the subject.
The shutter speed and aperture are automatically set according to the
selected sensitivity to obtain the appropriate exposure.
1 Set the mode dial to K.
Using the K (Sensitivity Priority) Mode
Hyper-program
To change the shutter speed
You can switch to Shutter Priority automatic exposure by turning the
front e-dial in e (Hyper-program) mode.
• You can only set the shutter speed to a value that will give a correct
exposure with the aperture range of the lens being used.
• If the brightness changes and the aperture value is outside the
relative range, the aperture value will blink in the viewfinder and on
the LCD panel.
• Press the Green button to return to Hyper-program automatic
exposure.
To change the aperture
You can switch to Aperture Priority automatic exposure by turning the
rear e-dial in e (Hyper-program) mode.
• You can only set the aperture to a value that will give a correct
exposure within the range of available shutter speeds.
• If the brightness changes and the shutter speed is outside the relative
range, the shutter speed will blink in the viewfinder and on the LCD
panel.
• Press the Green button to return to Hyper-program automatic
exposure.
86
Shooting Functions
4
2 Turn the rear e-dial and adjust
the sensitivity.
The shutter speed, aperture value and
sensitivity are displayed in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel.
• You can set the sensitivity to values equivalent to ISO 100 to 3200. [AUTO]
is not available.
• Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV
compensation value. (p.100)
• Set the sensitivity in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [2. EV Steps] in the
[A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
• You cannot set the sensitivity in [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu.
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
87
Shooting Functions
4
Lets you set the desired shutter speed for expressing moving subjects.
When taking pictures of a fast moving subject, you can increase the
shutter speed to make the subject look still or decrease the shutter speed
to have the subject show movement.
Aperture value is automatically set to give the appropriate exposure
depending on the shutter speed.
1Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.76)
1 Set the mode dial to b.
2 Turn the front e-dial and adjust
the shutter speed.
The shutter speed and aperture value
are displayed in the viewfinder and on the
LCD panel.
Using the b (Shutter Priority) Mode
88
Shooting Functions
4
• Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV
compensation value. (p.100)
• Set the shutter speed in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [2. EV Steps]
in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
• You can automatically correct the sensitivity if appropriate exposure cannot
be set with the set criteria. Set [Sensitivity] to [AUTO] in the Fn menu. (p.78)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark,
the aperture value will blink in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel. If the
subject is too bright, choose a faster
shutter speed. If it is too dark, choose a slower shutter speed. When
the aperture value indication stops blinking, you can take the picture
with proper exposure.
Use an ND (Neutral Density) filter if the subject is too bright.
Use a flash if it is too dark.
89
Shooting Functions
4
Set aperture for controlling the depth of field. The depth of field is deeper
and the front and back of the focused object is clear when aperture is set
to a large value. The depth of field is shallower and the front and back of
the focused object is blurred when aperture is set to a small value.
Shutter speed is automatically set to appropriate exposure depending on
the aperture value.
1Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.76)
1 Set the mode dial to c.
2 Turn the rear e-dial and adjust
the aperture value.
The shutter speed and aperture value
are displayed in the viewfinder and on
the LCD panel.
Using the c (Aperture Priority) Mode
90
Shooting Functions
4
• Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV
compensation value. (p.100)
• Set the aperture value in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [2. EV Steps]
in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
• You can automatically correct the sensitivity if appropriate exposure cannot
be set with the set criteria. Set [Sensitivity] to [AUTO] in the Fn menu. (p.78)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark,
the shutter speed will blink in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel. If the
subject is too bright, set the aperture
smaller (larger number), and when too dark, open the aperture further
(smaller number). Once blinking stops, you can take the picture.
Use an ND (Neutral Density) filter if the subject is too bright.
Use a flash if it is too dark.
91
Shooting Functions
4
You can set both the desired shutter speed and aperture to take the
picture.
Automatically sets the sensitivity so that the manually set shutter speed
and aperture will give the proper exposure according to the brightness of
the subject.
1 Set the mode dial to L.
2 Turn the front e-dial and adjust
the shutter speed.
3 Turn the rear e-dial and adjust
the aperture value.
The shutter speed, aperture value and
sensitivity are displayed in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel.
Using the L (Shutter & Aperture Priority) Mode
92
Shooting Functions
4
• Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV
compensation value. (p.100)
• Set the shutter speed and aperture values in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV.
Set in [2. EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
• Settings other than [AUTO] are not available in [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu.
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark,
the sensitivity display will blink in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel.
Change the shutter speed and aperture. When the indication stops
blinking, you can take the picture with proper exposure.
Use an ND (Neutral Density) filter if the subject is too bright.
Use a flash if it is too dark.
About the Green Button
The aperture and shutter speed are automatically adjusted to the appropriate
exposure at that moment if the Green button is pressed in L (Shutter &
Aperture Priority) mode. You can choose from the following three adjustment
methods in [26. Green button in L & a] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
Shutter speed is adjusted to appropriate exposure according to lens
aperture when lens aperture is not set to the s position.
1 Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring] (p.251)
1 Program Line
The aperture and shutter speed are adjusted
automatically.
2 b Shift
The aperture is locked and the shutter speed is
adjusted automatically.
3 c Shift
The shutter speed is locked and the aperture is
adjusted automatically.
93
Shooting Functions
4
This mode is convenient for taking pictures using the same shutter speed
and aperture setting combination or taking intentionally underexposed
(darker) or over-exposed (brighter) photographs.
1Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.76)
1 Set the mode dial to a.
2 Press the Green button.
Automatically switches shutter speed
and aperture to the proper exposure.
Turn the front or rear e-dial to change
the exposure to your liking and take a
picture.
Adjust the shutter speed with the front
e-dial and aperture with the rear e-dial.
Using a (Hyper-manual) Mode
94
Shooting Functions
4
• When the sensitivity is set to [AUTO] and exposure mode is set to a (Hypermanual) mode, the sensitivity is the lowest sensitivity set in “Setting the
Range of Automatic Correction in AUTO” (p.78).
• The viewfinder indicator blinks when the difference from appropriate
exposure is over ±3.0.
• Set the shutter speed and aperture values in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV.
Set in [2. EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
EV Bar
The EV bar appears in the LCD panel
and viewfinder in a (Hyper-manual)
mode. The appropriate exposure is set
when V is in the middle of the EV bar. If
it is towards –, it is underexposed. If it is
towards +, it is overexposed. If the
value exceeds the range of the EV bar, the “+” or “–” blinks.
EV bar
Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark,
“+” or “–” in the EV bar will blink in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel.
95
Shooting Functions
4
Combining with L
Press the L button (p.102) to record the exposure value in
Hyper-manual. If the shutter speed or aperture is then changed, the
combination of shutter speed and aperture changes while exposure
is retained.
Example: If the shutter speed is 1/125 sec and aperture is F5.6 and
is recorded with the L button, and the shutter speed is changed
to 1/30 sec with the front e-dial, the aperture automatically changes
to F11.
About the Green Button
The aperture and shutter speed are automatically adjusted to the
appropriate exposure at that moment if the Green button is pressed
in a (Hyper-manual) mode. You can choose from the following three
adjustment methods in [26. Green button in L & a] in the [A
Custom Setting] menu.
Shutter speed is adjusted to appropriate exposure according to lens
aperture when lens aperture is not set to the s position.
1Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring] (p.251)
1 Program Line
The aperture and shutter speed are adjusted
automatically.
2 b Shift
The aperture is locked and the shutter speed is
adjusted automatically.
3 c Shift
The shutter speed is locked and the aperture is
adjusted automatically.
96
Shooting Functions
4
This mode is useful for the long exposures required for shooting night
scenes and fireworks.
The shutter remains open as long as the shutter release button is kept
pressed.
1 Set the mode dial to p.
Using the p (Bulb) Mode
• EV compensation, Continuous shooting and Exposure Bracket are not
available in p (Bulb) mode.
• The longer the exposure time, the greater noise in the captured image.
• Turn the rear e-dial to adjust the aperture value.
• Set the aperture value in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [2. EV Steps]
in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
• The Shake Reduction function is automatically turned off when exposure
mode is set to p (Bulb) mode.
• Use a sturdy tripod and the cable switch CS-205 (optional) to prevent camera
shake when using p (Bulb) mode. Connect the cable switch to the cable
switch terminal (p.17).
• Bulb shooting is available when using the remote control shooting mode
(p.125). The shutter remains open as long as the shutter release button of
the optional remote control is held down.
• When the sensitivity is set to [AUTO] and exposure mode is set to p (Bulb)
mode, the sensitivity is the lowest sensitivity set in “Setting the Range of
Automatic Correction in AUTO” (p.78).
• When the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb), the upper sensitivity limit is ISO
1600.
• There is no limit on exposure time for Bulb shooting. However, we
recommend using the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional) when shooting with a
long exposure setting as the battery is used while the shutter remains open.
97
Shooting Functions
4
The shutter speed is locked at 1/180 seconds. Use this when using an
External flash that does not automatically change the shutter speed.
1 Set the mode dial to M.
Using the M (Flash X-Sync Speed) Mode
• Turn the rear e-dial to adjust the aperture value.
• Press the Green button to retain the shutter speed at 1/180 sec and
automatically adjust the aperture.
• When the sensitivity is set to [AUTO] and exposure mode is set to M (Flash
X-sync speed) mode, the sensitivity is the lowest sensitivity set in “Setting the
Range of Automatic Correction in AUTO” (p.78).
98
Shooting Functions
4
Choose the part of the screen to use for measuring brightness and
determining exposure. L (Multi-segment metering), M (Center-weighted
metering) or N (Spot metering) mode can be selected. The factory default
setting is L (Multi-segment metering).
Set with the metering mode lever. (p.19)
The scene in the viewfinder is metered in
16 different zones as shown in the
illustration when using the multi-segment
metering. Even in backlit locations, this
mode automatically determines what level
of brightness is in which portion and
automatically adjusts exposure.
Selecting the Metering Method
L Multi-segment
Segments the viewfinder in 16 parts, meters each
portion and determines the appropriate exposure.
M
Centerweighted
Measures the entire viewfinder with an emphasis on the
center and determines the exposure.
N Spot Metering
Measures only the center of the viewfinder and
determines exposure.
Using the Multi-Segment Metering
The center-weighted metering mode is automatically set even if you select the
multi-segment metering mode when using a lens other than a DA, D FA, FA J,
FA, F or A lens, or when lens aperture ring is set at other than s. (Can only be
used if permission is set in [36. Using aperture ring] (p.75) in the [A Custom
Setting] menu.)
99
Shooting Functions
4Metering is weighted at the center of the screen.
Use this metering when you want to compensate
the exposure by experience, instead of leaving it
to the camera. The illustration shows that
sensitivity increases as the pattern height
increases (center). This mode does not
automatically compensate for backlit scenes.
With spot metering, brightness is measured
only within a limited area at the center of the
screen as shown in the illustration. You can
use this in combination with the AE lock
(p.102) when the subject is extremely small
and proper exposure is difficult to obtain.
Using the Center-Weighted Metering
Using the Spot Metering
Linking AF Point and AE During Multi-Segment
Metering
In [7. Link AF Point and AE] (p.73) of the [A Custom Setting] menu,
you can link the exposure and AF point in the focusing area during
multi-segment metering. The default setting is [Off].
1 Off Exposure is set separately from AF point.
2 On Exposure is set in accordance with AF point.
Setting the Meter Operating Time
Sets the exposure metering time in [5. Meter Operating Time] (p.73)
in the [A Custom Setting] menu. The default setting is [10 sec].
1 10 sec Sets exposure metering timer to 10 seconds.
2 3 sec Sets exposure metering timer to 3 seconds.
3 30 sec Sets exposure metering timer to 30 seconds.
100
Shooting Functions
4
This allows you to deliberately overexpose (brighten) or under-expose
(darken) your picture.
Select 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV in [2. EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
(p.101)
You can adjust the EV Compensation from –3 to +3 (EV) in increments of 1/2
EV or –2 to +2 (EV) in increments of 1/3 EV.
1 Set the compensation with the
front e-dial while the m button
is pressed.
m is displayed in the viewfinder and
on the LCD panel during
compensation.
Press the m button to confirm the
compensation value.
N is displayed when the flash
exposure compensation (p.136) is
set.
Adjusting the Exposure
Compensation value
101
Shooting Functions
4
Set Exposure Steps in [2. EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu to
increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV.
EV compensation is not available when the exposure mode is set to B
(Green) or p (Bulb) mode.
• The EV compensation cannot be canceled by turning the camera off or by
setting any other exposure mode.
• The EV compensation value is reset to 0 when the Green button is pressed
while holding down the m button.
Changing the Exposure Steps
EV Compensation for a (Hyper-manual) and M
(Flash X-sync speed)
For example, if the EV compensation value is set to +1.5 for a and
M, an underexposure of 1.5EV is displayed on the EV bar. If you set
the exposure value so that the V is displayed at the center of the EV
bar, the image will be captured with the compensated value.
2. EV Steps
Exposure set t ing steps
are set to 1 /2 EV
1/2 EV Steps
1/3 EV Steps
102
Shooting Functions
4
AE Lock is a function that memorizes the exposure prior to taking the
picture. Use this when the subject is too small or backlit and a proper
exposure setting cannot be obtained.
1 Press the L button.
The camera memorizes the exposure
(brightness) at that instant.
Press it again to unlock.
Recording the Exposure Before Shooting (AE Lock)
• @ is displayed in the viewfinder while the AE lock is engaged. (p.27)
• The exposure remains locked as long as the L button is kept pressed or
the shutter release button is kept pressed halfway. The exposure remains in
memory for a period between 0.5× to 2× the metering timer after releasing
the L button.
• You will hear a beep when the L button is pressed. The beep can be
turned off. (p.219)
• AE lock is not available when the exposure mode is B (Green), p (Bulb) or
M (Flash X-sync speed) mode.
• The combination of shutter speed and aperture value changes depending on
the zooming position even while the AE lock is engaged when using a zoom
lens for which maximum aperture varies depending on the focal length.
However, the exposure value does not change and the picture is taken at the
brightness level set by the AE lock.
• Exposure can be locked when focus is locked. Set in [6. AE-L with AF locked]
in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.110)
103
Shooting Functions
4
You can take multiple frames while creating a single picture.
1 Select [Multi-exposure] in the [A
Rec. Mode] menu and press the
four-way controller (5).
The Multi-exposure screen appears.
2 Use the four-way controller (5) to select the number of shots.
Use the four-way controller (23) to select from 2 to 9 shots.
3 Press the 4 button.
4 Use the four-way controller (3) to set Auto EV Adjust.
5 Use the four-way controller (5) to set Auto EV Adjust to O
(On) or P (Off).
When O (On) is set, the exposure is adjusted automatically according to
the number of shots.
6 Press the 4 button twice.
The camera returns to the Capture mode.
7 Take the picture.
The created picture is displayed in Instant Review each time the shutter
release button is pressed. Press the i button during Instant Review to
discard pictures created to that point and create again from the first picture.
The picture is saved when the set number of shots has been taken.
Shooting in Multi-exposure Mode
• If the | button or 3 button is pressed, or the Exposure Bracket is set
during Multi-exposure shooting, the pictures that have already been taken
are saved and Multi-exposure is exited.
• Multi-exposure and Auto Bracket or Extended Bracket cannot be used together.
The mode set last is used.
Mult i -exposure
Number of shots
Auto EV Adjust
MENU
Off
104
Shooting Functions
4
Focusing
You can focus with the following methods.
You can also choose the autofocus mode from l (Single mode) where
the shutter release button is pressed halfway to focus on the subject and
the focus is locked at that position, and k (Continuous mode) where
the subject is kept in focus by continuous adjustment while the shutter
release button is pressed halfway. The factory default setting is l.
1 Set the focus mode lever to
l or k.
= Autofocus
The camera is focused when the shutter release
button is pressed halfway.
Manual focus Manually adjust the focus.
Using the Autofocus
l Single mode
When the shutter release button is pressed
halfway to focus on the subject, the focus is
locked at that position.
k Continuous mode
The subject is kept in focus by continuous
adjustment while the shutter release button
is pressed halfway. Even if the subject is not
in focus, the shutter can be released when
the shutter release button is pressed fully.
105
Shooting Functions
4
2 Look through the viewfinder
and press the shutter release
button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when focused. (When
blinking, the subject is not in focus.)
1 Subjects that are Difficult to Focus
on (p.58)
• The camera can be focused by pressing the = button as well as by
pressing the shutter release button halfway.
• In l (Single mode), the focus is locked (focus lock) while ] is lit. To focus
on another subject, take your finger off the shutter release button first.
• In k (Continuous mode) (p.104), focus is adjusted continuously, tracking
the moving object as long as the shutter release button is kept pressed
halfway.
• The shutter cannot be released until the subject is in focus in l (Single
mode) (p.104). If the subject is too close to the camera, move back and take
the picture. Adjust the focus manually if it is difficult to focus on the subject
(p.58). (p.110)
• In l (Single mode), press the shutter release button halfway. The built-in
flash will discharge automatically several times, enabling the autofocus to
focus on the subject more easily if the subject is in a dark area and the builtin flash is available.
• When the shutter release button is pressed halfway to focus and the subject
is determined to be a moving object, the k automatically tracks the
subject. The lens will automatically operate and continuously focus on the
subject.
Focus Indicator
106
Shooting Functions
4
AF Adjustment
You can adjust the AF focusing position with [35. AF Adjustment] in
the [A Custom Setting] menu.
1 Select [35. AF Adjustment] in the [A Custom Setting] menu and
press the four-way controller (5).
2 Press the four-way controller (23) to select [On] and press the
four-way controller (5).
The AF Adjustment screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Apply All] or [Apply One].
4 Press the four-way controller (5) and
adjust the value with the rear e-dial or
the four-way controller (45).
Press the four-way controller (5)
(rear e-dial y) to adjust the focus to a
closer position and press the four-way
controller (4) (rear e-dial f) to adjust
the focus to a farther position.
5 Press the 4 button.
6 Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the Capture mode.
7 Take a test picture.
You can check the focusing position by enlarging the image during
Live View (p.114) or Digital Preview (p.115).
• Be sure to use AF Adjustment only when necessary. Care should
be taken as adjusting the autofocus may make it difficult to
capture images with the appropriate focus.
• Any camera shake during test shooting for focus adjustment may make
it difficult to obtain the accurate focusing position. Therefore, always
use a tripod when taking test shots.
Apply All Applies the same adjustment value to all lenses.
Apply One The lens ID is displayed when obtained. Saves and applies an adjustment value for each lens type. (Up to 20 lens types)
• Press the Green button in Step 4 to set the adjustment value to ±0.
• If an adjustment value has been saved using Apply One and you press
the 4 button with [Apply All] selected in Step 6, the Apply All value is
used instead of the Apply One value.
• To reset a saved adjustment value, select [Reset] on the AF
Adjustment screen in Step 3. (p.241)
AF Adjustment35.
Reset
Apply One Unset
Apply Al l +5
MENU SaveOKCancel
107
Shooting Functions
4
Choose the part of the viewfinder to set focus to. The factory default
setting is S (Auto).
The selected AF point lights red in the viewfinder. (Superimpose AF Area)
Set with the AF point switching dial. (p.19)
1 Select j (Select) with the AF
point switching dial.
Selecting the Focusing Area (AF Point)
S Auto
The camera selects the optimum AF point even if
the subject is not centered.
j Select
Sets the focusing area to one of the eleven points
in the AF area.
U Center
Sets the focusing area to the center of the
viewfinder.
• AF point is not displayed in the viewfinder when [Off] is selected for [15.
Superimpose AF Area] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.74)
• When [Center AF Point] is selected in [13. = Button Function] in the [A
Custom Setting] menu, the camera can be set to return the AF point to the
center when j (Select) is set and the = button is pressed. (p.73)
• The AF point is fixed to the center position regardless of this setting with
lenses other than DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lenses.
Setting the Focus Position in the Viewfinder
108
Shooting Functions
4
2 Look through the viewfinder
and check the position of the
subject.
3 Use the four-way controller (2345) to select the desired
AF point.
The AF point lights red in the viewfinder (Superimpose AF Area) and you
can check where you set the AF point.
If the subject is outside the range of the focusing area, the camera cannot
automatically focus on the subject. In this situation, set the focus mode
lever to l (Single mode). You can aim the focusing area toward the
subject, use focus lock and recompose the picture.
1 Frame the desired composition
for your picture in the
viewfinder.
Use focus lock function when the
subject you wish to focus on is not
inside the focusing area.
Fixing the Focus (Focus Lock)
(Example) The person is out of
focus and the background is
focused instead.
109
Shooting Functions
4
2 Center the subject to focus in
the viewfinder and press the
shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears and
you will hear a beep when the subject
comes into focus. (When blinking, the
subject is not in focus.)
3 Lock the focus.
Keep the shutter release button pressed halfway. The focus will remain
locked.
4 Re-compose the picture while
keeping the shutter release
button pressed halfway.
• The focus is locked while the focus indicator ] is lit.
• Turning the zoom ring in focus lock mode may cause the subject to be out of
focus.
• The beep can be turned off. (p.219)
110
Shooting Functions
4
Set [6. AE-L with AF locked] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.73) to lock
the exposure value while focus is locked. Exposure is not locked by default
during focus lock.
When you adjust the focus manually, you can either check with the focus
indicator in the viewfinder or use the viewfinder matte field to adjust focus.
The focus indicator ] appears when the subject is in focus even during
manual focus.
You can manually adjust the focus using the focus indicator ].
1 Set the focus mode lever to
\.
Locking Exposure when Focus is Locked
1 Off Exposure is not locked when focus is locked.
2 On Exposure is locked when focus is locked.
Adjusting the Focus Manually (Manual Focus)
Using the Focus Indicator
6. AE-L wi th AF locked
AE is not locked
when the focus
is locked
Off
On 111
Shooting Functions
4
2 Look through the viewfinder,
press the shutter release
button halfway and turn the
focusing ring.
The focus indicator ] appears and
you will hear a beep when the subject
comes into focus.
You can manually adjust the focus using the viewfinder matte field.
1 Set the focus mode lever to
\.
• Focus manually using the matte field in the viewfinder when the subject is
difficult to focus (p.58) and the focus indicator will not stay lit.
• The beep can be turned off. (p.219)
Using the Viewfinder Matte Field
Focus Indicator
112
Shooting Functions
4
2 Look through the viewfinder
and turn the focusing ring until
the subject looks sharp on the
focusing screen.
The = button operates the autofocus
mechanism in the same manner as when the
shutter release button is pressed halfway.
(Capturing is performed with the shutter
release button.)
When the subject is focused with the =
button in l (Single mode), focus lock is
activated while the button is pressed.
The subject will continue to be focused (Autofocus activates) while the =
button is pressed in k (Continuous mode).
When [34. Catch-in focus] is set to On in the [A Custom Setting] menu, if
the focus mode is set to l and one of the following types of lenses is
attached, catch-in focus shooting is possible and the shutter is released
automatically when the subject comes into focus.
• Manual focus lens
• DA or FA lens that has a = and setting on the lens (the setting on
the lens must also be set to before shooting)
How to Take Pictures
1 Attach lens to the camera.
2 Set the focus mode lever to l.
3 Set focus on a position the subject will pass.
4 Use the cable switch CS-205 and press the shutter release button fully.
The shutter is released automatically when the subject comes into focus
in the set position.
Using the = Button
Shooting in Catch-in Focus Mode
113
Shooting Functions
4
Checking the Composition, Exposure
and Focus Before Shooting
You can use the preview function to check the depth of field, composition,
exposure and focus before taking a picture. There are 3 preview methods.
Choose whether to use Live View, Optical Preview, or Digital Preview
when the main switch is turned to the preview position (|).
The default setting is Live View.
Set in [30. Preview Method] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.74)
Live View Displays a real-time image on the monitor.
Optical Preview For checking the depth of field with the viewfinder.
Digital Preview For checking the composition, exposure and focus in the monitor.
Selecting the Preview Method
While setting Multi-exposure (p.103), preview is Optical Preview regardless of
the [30. Preview Method] setting.
30. Preview Method
For checking composi t ion
and focus on the LCD
moni tor in rea l t ime
Live View
Opt ica l Preview
Digi ta l Preview
114
Shooting Functions
4
1 Focus on the subject, and then
turn the main switch to |.
The mirror raises and a real-time image is
displayed on the monitor. Turn the main
switch to | again to exit Live View.
Live View can be displayed for up to 3
minutes.
Displaying the Preview
Displaying the Live View
• If Live View is used in places where the camera may become hot, such as in
direct sunlight, l (temperature warning) may appear on the monitor. Cancel
Live View, as the internal temperature of the camera is rising.
• If Live View is used even after l (temperature warning) appears, Live View
may end before 3 minutes elapse. Normal shooting is possible even if Live
View is ended.
• Even when the main switch is turned to |, if the internal temperature of the
camera is high, l (temperature warning) will appear on the monitor and Live
View may not be possible.
• When the focus mode is set to l and the = button is pressed during
Live View, the displayed image will disappear and AF will activate. Once
focused, the image will be displayed in Live View again.
• AF using the shutter release button is not available during Live View.
• Aperture, shutter speed, sensitivity, EV compensation, and exposure bracket
cannot be changed during Live View.
• The aperture value and shutter speed are not displayed in the LCD panel or
shooting information screen during Live View.
• Live View is exited after 3 minutes elapse, or if the 3 button, { button,
or Q button is pressed.
• The grid and AF frame can be displayed during Live View. Set in [Live View]
(p.228) in the [Q Playback] menu.
• You can magnify the image during Live View with the rear e-dial. (p.174)
• Shooting while holding the camera by hand and viewing the monitor can
create camera shake. Use of a tripod is recommended.
• Live View is not available when data is being saved to an SD Memory Card.
115
Shooting Functions
4
1 Position the subject inside the
AF frame and press the shutter
release button halfway to focus
on the subject.
2 Turn the main switch to | while
looking through the viewfinder.
You can check the depth of field in the
viewfinder while the main switch is on |.
1 Focus on the subject, then
compose the picture in the
viewfinder and move the main
switch to |.
The icon (|) appears in the monitor
during preview and you can check the
composition, exposure and focus.
Press the shutter release button halfway to end Digital Preview and start
focusing.
Displaying the Optical Preview
• No shooting information is displayed in the viewfinder, and the shutter cannot
be released while the main switch is in the preview position (|).
• You can check the depth of field in all exposure modes.
Displaying the Digital Preview
116
Shooting Functions
4
• You can display the Bright/Dark area warning or histogram in Digital Preview.
Set in [Digital Preview] (p.229) in the [Q Playback] menu.
• The maximum display time for Digital Preview is 60 seconds.
• You can magnify the image during Digital Preview with the rear e-dial. (p.174)
• Press the { button during Digital Preview to save the preview image as a
JPEG image. The image save confirmation screen appears. Select [Save as]
and press the 4 button.
117
Shooting Functions
4
Continuous Shooting
Pictures can be taken continuously while the shutter release button is held
down.
You can select from g (Continuous shooting (Hi)) and h (Continuous
shooting (Lo)) for continuous shooting.
1 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller
(2).
The Drive Mode options screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller
(45) to select g.
g Continuous shooting (Hi)
When JPEG quality is set to X (Quality Level
C), pictures are taken continuously at
approximately 3 frames per second. Up to 38
frames can be shot in one sequence.
h Continuous shooting (Lo)
When JPEG quality is set to X (Quality Level
C), pictures are taken continuously at
approximately 2.3 frames per second. Pictures can be
taken continuously until the SD Memory Card is full.
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
OKOK
Drive Mode
Single f rame shoot ing
OKOK
Drive Mode
Cont inuous shoot ing (Hi )
118
Shooting Functions
4
4 Press the four-way controller (3) and use the four-way
controller (45) to select g or h.
5 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take pictures continuously.
6 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when focused.
7 Press the shutter release button fully.
Pictures are taken continuously while the shutter release button is fully
pressed. Take your finger off the shutter release button to stop.
• If the focus mode is set to l (Single mode), the focus position is locked
on the first frame and pictures are taken continuously at the same interval.
• Focusing is continuously active during continuous shooting when the focus
mode is set to k (Continuous mode).
• The shutter cannot be released until charging is complete when using the
built-in flash. You can set the camera to enable shutter release before the
built-in flash is ready in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.137)
• You can also use the remote control for continuous shooting. (p.125)
• Select a setting other than gh in the Drive Mode options screen to cancel
continuous shooting. The setting is canceled when the camera is turned off if
[Drive Mode] in [Memory] of the [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.236) is set to P
(Off).
119
Shooting Functions
4
You can take pictures continuously at approximately 21 frames per second.
In this mode, images are saved with JPEG Rec. Pixels set to Y
(1536×1024) regardless of the save format setting (p.156). The JPEG
Quality set in the [A Rec. Mode] menu is used.
1 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller (2)
and use the four-way controller
(45) to select j.
3 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take pictures continuously.
4 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when focused.
5 Press the shutter release button fully.
Pictures are taken continuously while the shutter release button is fully
pressed until the camera buffer memory is full (JPEG Quality C:
maximum of approximately 115 pictures). The focus is locked during
shooting.
Burst Shooting
• The mirror raises during shooting and Instant Review is displayed
continuously on the monitor.
• The flash is turned off and the | button operation is unavailable in this mode.
• Multi-exposure and Auto Bracket are disabled in this mode.
• Select a setting other than j in the Drive Mode options screen to cancel
burst shooting. The setting is canceled when the camera is turned off if [Drive
Mode] in [Memory] of [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.236) is set to P (Off).
Drive Mode
Burst Shoot ing
OKOK
120
Shooting Functions
4
Interval Shooting
During interval shooting, pictures are taken at a set interval from a set time.
1 Select [Interval Shooting] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller (5).
3 Use the four-way controller (45)
to select O (On).
4 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Interval].
When taking two or more pictures, set the wait time until the next picture is taken.
Use the four-way controller (45) to select the number of hours, minutes,
and seconds, and press the four-way controller (23) to set the time.
You can set up to 24 hours, 0 minutes, and 0 seconds.
5 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Number of Shots].
Set the number of shots to be taken.
Press the four-way controller (5) and use the four-way controller (23)
to select the number of shots to be taken.
You can select between 1 and 99 shots.
6 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Start Trigger].
Set the time when the first picture is taken.
Press the four-way controller (5) and use the four-way controller (45)
to select [Now] or [Set Time].
Now Shooting starts immediately.
Set Time
Shooting starts at the set time. Use the four-way controller
(3) to select [Start Time], use the four-way controller
(45) to select the time, and press the four-way controller
(23) to set the start time.
In terval Shoot ing
Interval
Number of Shots
Star t Tr igger Now
1img
Star t Time
MENU
00 : ’ "00 01
OKOKCancel
121
Shooting Functions
4
7 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a series of interval pictures.
8 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears when the subject is in focus.
9 Press the shutter release button fully.
When [Start Trigger] is set to [Now], the first picture is taken. When set
to [Set Time], shooting starts at the set time.
For shooting multiple pictures, pictures are taken at the interval set in
Step 4.
After the set number of pictures is taken, the camera returns to normal
Capture mode.
• The camera cannot be operated during interval shooting. To cancel interval
shooting, press any button on the back of the camera or press the shutter
release button and the 3 button to display the exit confirmation screen,
and then use the four-way controller (23) to select [Exit] and press the 4
button. You can also exit Interval shooting by turning the main switch off or
turning the mode dial.
• This function cannot be used together with Auto Bracket or Multi-exposure.
• This function cannot be used during p (Bulb) mode. Bulb-timer shooting is
available with the use of the provided PENTAX REMOTE Assistant 3 when
the camera is connected to a PC.
• The drive mode is set to [Single frame shooting] regardless of the drive mode
setting.
• If the subject is not in focus in l (Single mode) or if the [Interval] setting
is too short and image processing cannot be completed before taking a
picture, no picture may be taken.
• Although each shot taken is displayed on the monitor with Instant Review,
they cannot be enlarged or deleted.
• The [Interval] setting is disabled when [Number of Shots] is set to [1].
• Interval shooting is canceled when the SD Memory Card has no more
available memory.
• If Auto Power Off (p.233) turns the camera off during interval shooting, the
camera automatically turns on again when the shooting time approaches.
• It is recommended to use the AC adapter when using interval shooting over
a long period of time.
122
Shooting Functions
4
Self-Timer Shooting
This camera has two types of self-timers: g and Z.
1 Mount the camera onto a tripod.
2 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
3 Press the four-way controller
(2).
The Drive Mode options screen appears.
4 Use the four-way controller (45) to select g.
g Shutter will be released after about 12 seconds. Use this mode to
include the photographer in the picture.
Z
A mirror pops up immediately after shutter release button is pressed.
Shutter is released after about 2 seconds. Use this mode to avoid
camera shake when the shutter release button is pressed.
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
OKOK
Drive Mode
Single f rame shoot ing
123
Shooting Functions
4
5 Press the four-way controller (3)
and use the four-way controller
(45) to select g or Z.
6 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
7 Confirm in the viewfinder that the
subject you wish to shoot is
properly framed and press the
shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears when the
subject is in focus.
8 Press the shutter release button
fully.
For g, the front and back self-timer lamps
start blinking slowly and blink rapidly 2
seconds before the shutter is released.
The beep is heard and the rate increases.
The shutter will be released about 12
seconds after the shutter release button
is pressed fully.
For Z, the shutter will be released about
2 seconds after the shutter release button
is pressed fully.
OKOK
Drive Mode
Sel f -Timer (12 secs)
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Shooting Functions
4
• The beep can be turned off (p.219).
• Exposure may be affected if light enters the viewfinder. Attach the provided
ME viewfinder cap or use the AE lock function (p.102). (To ignore the light
entering the viewfinder, set the exposure mode to a (Hyper-manual) (p.93).)
• Select a setting other than g or Z in the Drive Mode options screen to cancel
self-timer shooting. The setting is canceled when the camera is turned off if
[Drive Mode] in [Memory] of [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.236) is set to P (Off).
• The Shake Reduction function is automatically turned off when g or Z is set.
Removing the Eyecup FP Attaching the ME Viewfinder cap
125
Shooting Functions
4
Remote Control Shooting (Remote
Control F: Sold Separately)
The shutter can be released from a distance by using the optional remote
control unit. You can select from h (remote control), i (3 sec. delayed
release), or i (remote continuous shooting) for remote control shooting.
1 Mount the camera onto a tripod.
2 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
3 Press the four-way controller (2).
The Drive Mode options screen appears.
4 Use the four-way controller (45) to select h.
h The shutter will be released immediately after the shutter release button
on the remote control unit is pressed.
i When the shutter release button on the remote control unit is pressed, the
shutter is released after about 3 seconds.
i Continuous shooting starts when the shutter release button on the
remote control unit is pressed. Press the shutter release button on the
remote control unit again to exit continuous shooting.
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
126
Shooting Functions
4
5 Press the four-way controller (3)
and use the four-way controller
(45) to select h, i, or i.
The self-timer lamp will blink to let you
know that the camera is in remote control
wait status.
6 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
7 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when focused.
8 Point the remote control unit
towards the remote control receiver
on the front or back of the camera
and press the shutter release button
on the remote control.
The operating distance of the remote
control unit is about 5 m from the front or
back of the camera.
For h, the shutter will be released
immediately after the shutter release
button is pressed.
For i, the shutter will be released in
three seconds after the shutter release
button is pressed.
After the picture is taken, the self-timer lamp lights for 2 seconds and
then returns to blinking.
For i, continuous shooting starts immediately after the shutter release
button is pressed. To exit continuous shooting, press the shutter release
button on the remote control unit again.
You cannot focus with the remote control unit in default settings. Focus on the
subject first before operating with the remote control. You can set [AF in remote
control] to [On] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.74)
OKOK
Drive Mode
Remote Contro l Uni t
5 m
5 m
127
Shooting Functions
4
• Exposure may be affected if light enters the viewfinder. Attach the provided
ME viewfinder cap or use the AE lock function (p.102). (To ignore the light
entering the viewfinder, set the exposure mode to a (Hyper-manual) (p.93).)
• Select a setting other than h, i or i in the Drive Mode options screen to
stop the remote control operation after it has been activated. The setting is
canceled when the camera is turned off if [Drive Mode] in [Memory] of [A
Rec. Mode] menu (p.236) is set to P (Off).
• The remote control may not operate in backlit conditions.
• The remote control does not work while the flash is being charged.
• When using the built-in flash, raise the flash into position first.
• The remote control unit battery can send a remote control signal about
30,000 times. Contact PENTAX Service Center to replace the battery (this
will involve a fee).
• The Shake Reduction function is automatically turned off when h, i or i
is set.
Removing the Eyecup FP Attaching the ME Viewfinder cap
128
Shooting Functions
4
Using Mirror Up Function to Prevent
Camera Shake
Use the Mirror Up function if camera shake is evident even when cable
switch (optional) or remote control unit (optional) is used with a tripod.
When shooting with the 2 sec. Self-Timer, the mirror pops up and the
shutter is released 2 seconds after you press it, thereby avoiding the
vibration of the mirror.
Follow the procedure below to take a picture with the Mirror Up function.
1 Mount the camera onto a tripod.
2 In the Drive Mode, select Z (2 sec. Self-Timer).
1Self-Timer Shooting (p.122)
3 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when focused.
4 Press the shutter release button fully.
The mirror pops up and the picture is taken 2 seconds later. AE lock is
enabled with the exposure value set immediately before the mirror goes
up.
The Shake Reduction function is automatically turned off when shooting with
the 2 sec. Self-Timer.
129
Shooting Functions
4
Changing the Shooting Conditions
Automatically when Shooting (Auto Bracket)
You can take continuous pictures with different exposure when the shutter
release button is pressed. The first frame is exposed with no
compensation, the second frame is underexposed (negative
compensation) and the third is overexposed (positive compensation)
(when the number of frames is set to [3]).
You can set [9. Auto Bracketing order] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
1 Set the number of frames.
Turn the front e-dial while pressing
the ] button. Select OFF (no
frames), 3 or 5.
Shooting in Exposure Bracket Mode
Normal exposure Underexposure Overexposure
Auto Bracketing order 0 – +, – 0 +, + 0 –, 0 + –
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Shooting Functions
4
2 Set the step interval.
Turn the rear e-dial while pressing
the ] button. The available
bracketing amounts in [2. EV Steps]
in the [A Custom Setting] menu
(p.73) are as follows.
3 Press the shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears in the viewfinder when focused.
4 Press the shutter release button fully.
Three continuous pictures will be taken, the first with no compensation,
the second with negative compensation, and the third with positive
compensation (when the number of frames is set to [3]).
Bracketing amount
(Step interval)
1/2 EV ±0.5, ±1.0, ±1.5, ±2.0
1/3 EV ±0.3, ±0.7, ±1.0, ±1.3, ±1.7, ±2.0
• When the focus mode is set to l (Single mode), the focus is locked in the
first frame position and used for subsequent continuous frames.
• When you release your finger from the shutter release button during Auto
Bracket, the Auto Bracket exposure setting will remain effective for twice as
much time as the exposure metering timer (default setting is 20 seconds)
(p.99) and you can take a picture at the next compensation value. In this
case, auto focusing works for each frame. After about twice as much time as
the exposure metering timer (default setting is 20 seconds), the camera
returns to settings for taking the first picture.
• You can combine Auto Bracket with the built-in flash or external flash (P-TTL
auto only) to change only the flash output continuously. However, when using
an external flash, holding the shutter release button down to take three
continuous frames may cause the second and third frame to be taken before
the flash is fully recharged. Always take one frame at a time after confirming
that charging is complete.
• Exposure Bracket is not available when the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb)
mode.
• Exposure Bracket and Multi-exposure cannot be used together. The mode
set last is used.
• When [8. One-Push Bracketing] in the [A Custom Setting] menu is set to
[On], even if the shutter release button is not continuously pressed fully, all
frames are automatically shot with one press of the shutter release button.
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Shooting Functions
4
You can save pictures with three different white balance, saturation, hue,
sharpness and contrast levels.
Unlike exposure bracketing, three pictures are saved with each shot.
You can set the saving order with [9. Auto Bracketing order] in the [A
Custom Setting] menu.
1 Select [Extended Bracket] in the
[A Rec. Mode] menu and press
the four-way controller (5).
The Extended Bracket screen appears.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose an item.
4 Press the 4 button.
Shooting in Extended Bracket Mode
Auto Bracketing order 0 – +, – 0 +, + 0 –, 0 + –
Taking Only Overexposed or Underexposed Pictures
You can use Auto Bracket mode for only underexposure or
overexposure shots by combining the operation with EV
compensation (p.100). Auto Bracket is performed in both cases on
the basis of the specified EV compensation value.
Extended Bracket
Off
Bracket ing amount
MENU
Extended Bracket
Off
Whi te Balance
Sharpness
MENU
Saturat ion
Contrast
Hue
OKOKCancel
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Shooting Functions
4
5 Press the four-way controller (3) to select [Bracketing
amount] and press the four-way controller (5).
Use the four-way controller (23) to select the bracketing amount.
For [White Balance], select from BA±1, BA±2, BA±3, GM±1, GM±2 and
GM±3. The default setting is BA±1.
For [Saturation], [Hue], [Contrast] and [Sharpness], select from ±1, ±2,
±3 and ±4. The default setting is ±1.
6 Press the 4 button twice.
7 Press the 3 button.
The camera returns to the Capture mode.
8 Take the picture.
Three frames are saved.
• You can use Extended Bracket in combination with Exposure Bracket
(p.129).
• Extended Bracket and Multi-exposure cannot be used together. The mode
set last is used.
• Extended Bracket is disabled when File Format is set to RAW or RAW+.
• If Extended Bracket is set when File Format is set to RAW or RAW+, the file
format changes to JPEG.
• When Image Tone for Custom Image is set to [Monochrome], bracket
shooting with [Saturation] and [Hue] is not available.
133
Shooting Functions
4
Storing User Settings
You can store the current camera settings and easily retrieve them simply
by setting the mode dial to A.
The following settings can be stored.
Store the settings in [USER] in the [R Set-up] menu.
You can also perform settings when the mode dial is set to A.
To change the Exposure Mode, press the 3 button in Capture mode
and perform settings in [Exposure Mode] in the [A USER] menu.
Exposure Mode Auto Sensitivity Adjustment Range
Flash Mode White Balance
EV Compensation Color Space
Exposure Bracketing Steps & No. of Frames File Format
Drive Mode JPEG Recorded Pixels
Flash Exposure Compensation JPEG Quality
Extended Bracketing Steps & Type Expand Dynamic Range
Sensitivity RAW file format
Changing the Settings in A Mode
Changed settings are not saved unless they are registered in [USER] in the [R
Set-up] menu. When the camera is turned off, the saved settings are applied.
MENU
+1.3
- 1 .0
1 .0x5
BA±3
10000K
RAW+
G2 A1
D-Range
200%
Saves current shoot ing
set t ings in USER mode
200-1600
14.6
OKOK
AdobeRGB
USER
MENU
JPEG Rec. P ixe ls
Exposure Mode
JPEG Qual i ty
RAW f i le format
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
Fi le Format
P
Sv Tv Av OKOKCancel
Memo
134
5 Using the Flash
This chapter provides details on the built-in flash of u
and describes how to take pictures with the external flash.
Compensating Flash Output .............................136
Allowing Shooting while Charging Flash .........137
Flash Characteristics in Each Exposure Mode
..............................................................................138
Distance and Aperture when Using the Built-in
Flash ....................................................................141
DA, D FA, FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility with
the Built-in Flash ................................................142
Using an External Flash (Optional) ...................143
136
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5
Compensating Flash Output
You can change the flash output in a range of –2.0 to +1.0. The flash
compensation values are as follows for 1/2 EV and 1/3 EV.
* Set interval of steps in [2. EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.101)
Turn the rear e-dial to set [Flash Mode] in the Fn menu (p.75).
Step interval Flash compensation
1/2 EV –2.0, –1.5, –1.0, –0.5, 0.0, +0.5, +1.0
1/3 EV –2.0, –1.7, –1.3, –1.0, –0.7, –0.3, 0.0, +0.3, +0.7, +1.0
• The flash output cannot be compensated in Green mode.
• N appears in the LCD panel and the viewfinder during flash exposure
compensation. (p.27)
• If the maximum flash output is exceeded when corrected to the plus (+) side,
no compensation will be effective.
• Compensating to the minus (–) side may not effect the image if the subject is
too close, aperture is low or sensitivity is high.
• This flash compensation is also effective for external flash units which
support P-TTL auto flash mode.
• Pressing the Green button on the [Flash Mode] menu returns the flash
exposure compensation to the default setting (0.0).
Flash Mode
Flash On
- 0 .7 OKOK
137
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5
Allowing Shooting while Charging
Flash
You can set to enable shooting while flash is being charged.
Set [On] for [28. Release when Charging] in the [A Custom Setting] menu
(p.74). Pictures cannot be taken while the flash is charging by default.
28. Release when Charging
Enables shut ter re lease
whi le the bui l t - in
f lash is charging
Off
On 138
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5
Flash Characteristics in Each
Exposure Mode
• When taking a moving subject, you can use the flash to change the blur
effect.
• Any desired shutter speed 1/180 sec. or slower can be set for taking a
flash photograph.
• The aperture value automatically changes according to the ambient
brightness.
• The shutter speed is locked at 1/180 sec. when lens other than DA, D
FA, FA J, FA, F or A is used.
• You can set the desired aperture to take a flash photograph when you
want to change the depth of field or shoot a subject farther away.
• The shutter speed automatically changes with the ambient brightness.
• The shutter speed shifts automatically anywhere from 1/180 sec. to a
slow shutter speed (p.54) that reduces camera shake. The slowest
shutter speed depends on the focal length of the lens in use.
• The shutter speed is locked at 1/180 sec. when lens other than DA, D
FA, FA J, FA or F is used.
Using the Flash in b (Shutter Priority) Mode
Using the Flash in c (Aperture Priority) Mode
139
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5
You can use slow-speed sync when shooting portraits with the sunset in
the background. Both the portrait and the background are captured
beautifully.
Using e/K/c mode
1 Set the mode dial to e, K or c.
2 Press the K button.
3 Press the { button and press the four-way controller (3).
4 Select G or H and press the 4 button.
The shutter speed is set slower to give the appropriate exposure for the
background.
5 Take the picture.
Using b/L/a mode
1 Set the mode dial to b, L or a.
2 Press the { button and press the four-way controller (3).
3 Select E or F and press the 4 button.
4 Set the shutter speed (b) or shutter speed and aperture (L/a).
Set so that proper exposure is obtained in 1/180 sec. or slower.
5 Press the K button.
6 Take the picture.
Using the Slow-Speed Sync
• Slow-speed sync slows the shutter speed. Use the Shake Reduction function
or turn off the Shake Reduction function and use a tripod to avoid camera
shake. The picture will also blur if the subject moves.
• Slow-speed sync shooting can also be performed with an external flash.
140
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5
Trailing curtain sync discharges the flash immediately before the shutter
curtain closes. When shooting moving objects with a slow shutter speed,
Trailing curtain sync and Slow-speed sync produce different effects
depending on when the flash is discharged.
For example, when shooting a moving car with Trailing curtain sync,
trailing light is captured while the shutter is open and the flash captures the
car immediately before the shutter is closed. Therefore, the picture will
include a sharp, well-lit car with trailing lights behind it.
1 Set the mode dial to any mode other than B or M.
2 Press the { button and press the four-way controller (3).
3 Select I or k and press the 4 button.
4 Press the K button.
5 Take the picture.
Using Trailing Curtain Sync
Trailing curtain sync slows the shutter speed. Turn off the Shake Reduction
function and use a tripod to avoid camera shake.
Slow-speed sync Trailing curtain sync
141
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5
Distance and Aperture when Using
the Built-in Flash
A set criteria is necessary between the guide number, aperture and
distance when shooting with the flash to obtain the correct exposure.
Calculate and adjust the shooting conditions if flash output is not sufficient.
Built-in flash guide number
The following equation calculates the distance of the flash for aperture values.
Maximum flash distance L1 = Guide number ÷ Selected aperture
Minimum flash distance L2 = Maximum flash distance ÷ 5*
* The value 5 used in the formula above is a fixed value
which applies only when using the built-in flash alone.
Example
When sensitivity is [ISO 100] and aperture value is F2.8
L1 = 13 ÷ 2.8 = approx. 4.6 (m)
L2 = 4.6 ÷ 5 = approx. 0.9 (m)
Therefore, the flash can be used in a range of about 0.9 m to 4.6 m.
The flash cannot be used when the distance is 0.7 m or less. When the
flash is used at closer than 0.7 m, it causes vignetting in the picture
corners, light is distributed unevenly and the picture may be over-exposed.
The following equation calculates the aperture value for shooting distances.
Aperture value used F = Guide number ÷ Shooting distance
Example
When sensitivity is [ISO 100] and shooting distance is 3 m, aperture value is:
F = 13 ÷ 3 = 4.3
If the resulting number (4.3, in the above example) is not available as
a lens aperture, the smaller number that is closest (4.0, in the above
example) is generally used.
ISO Sensitivity Built-in flash guide number
ISO 100 13
ISO 200 18.4
ISO 400 26
ISO 800 36.8
ISO 1600 52
ISO 3200 73.5
Calculating Shooting Distance from Aperture Value
Calculating Aperture Value from Shooting Distance
142
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5
DA, D FA, FA J, FA and F Lens
Compatibility with the Built-in Flash
Depending on the lens used with the u, even if a lens without a
hood is attached, the use of the built-in flash may not be possible or may
be limited due to vignetting.
DA, D FA, FA J, and FA lenses not listed below can be used without
problems.
* Following are evaluated without a hood.
Unavailable due to vignetting
Available depending on other factors
Lens Name
DA Fish-eye 10-17mm F3.5-4.5ED (IF)
DA12-24mm F4ED AL
DA14mm F2.8ED (IF)
FA 300mm F2.8ED (IF)
FA 600mm F4ED (IF)
FA 250-600mm F5.6ED (IF)
Lens Name Compatibility
F Fish-eye 17-28mm F3.5-4.5 Vignetting may occur if focal length is less than 20 mm.
DA16-45mm F4ED AL
When the focal length is less than 28 mm or
when the focal length is 28 mm and the
shooting distance is 1 m or less, vignetting
may occur.
DA 16-50mm F2.8ED AL (IF) SDM
When the focal length is 20 mm or less or
when the focal length is 35 mm and the
shooting distance is less than 1.5 m, vignetting
may occur.
DA18-250mm F3.5-6.3ED AL (IF) Vignetting may occur if the focal length is less than 35 mm.
FA 28-70mm F2.8AL Vignetting may occur if focal length is 28 mm and the shooting distance is less than 1 m.
FA Soft 28mm F2.8 Built-in flash always discharges fully.
FA Soft 85mm F2.8 Built-in flash always discharges fully.
143
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5
Using an External Flash (Optional)
Using the optional external flash AF540FGZ, AF360FGZ or AF200FG
enables a variety of flash modes, such as P-TTL auto flash mode,
depending on the external flash being used. See the chart below for
details.
(Yes: Available #: Restricted No: Not available)
*1 When using DA, D FA, FA J, FA, F or A lens.
*2 Shutter speed of 1/90 sec. or slower.
*3 When combined with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ, 1/3 of the flash discharge can be
output by the built-in flash and 2/3 can be output by the external flash.
*4 Multiple AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ units or a combination of an AF540FGZ/AF360FGZ
unit and the built-in flash is required.
*5 Only available when combined with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ.
Flash
Camera Function
Built-in
Flash
AF540FGZ
AF360FGZ AF200FG
Red-eye reduction flash Yes Yes Yes
Automatic flash discharge Yes Yes Yes
After the flash is charged, the camera
automatically switches to the flash sync
speed.
Yes Yes Yes
Aperture is automatically set in e (Hyperprogram) mode and b (Shutter Priority)
mode.
Yes Yes Yes
Auto check in the viewfinder No No No
P-TTL auto flash (appropriate sensitivity:
100 to 1600) Yes
*1 Yes*1 Yes*1
Slow-speed sync Yes Yes Yes
Flash exposure compensation Yes Yes Yes
AF illuminator Yes Yes No
Trailing curtain sync*2 Yes Yes No
Contrast-control-sync flash mode #*3 Yes #*5
Slave flash No Yes No
Multiple flash No No No
High-speed flash sync No Yes No
Wireless flash #*5 Yes*4 No
144
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5
The AF360FGZ does not have the function to set the FORMAT size to
[DIGITAL], but the difference in angle of view between standard 35 mm
format and the is automatically calculated based on the focal
length of the lens used (when using DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lenses).
The conversion indicator appears and the format size indicator disappears
when the exposure metering timer of the u is on (it returns to 35 mm
format display when the exposure metering timer is turned off).
* Using wide-angle panel
Use this flash mode with the AF540FGZ, AF360FGZ or AF200FG flash
unit. When flash mode is set to [P-TTL auto], the flash pre-flashes before
the actual flash and confirms the subject (the distance, brightness,
contrast, whether it is backlit, etc.) using the camera's 16-segment
metering sensor. The flash output for the actual flash is adjusted based on
the information obtained from the pre-flash, enabling flash photography
with more appropriate exposure for the subject than with normal TTL auto.
P-TTL auto is available in wireless flash mode when two or more
AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ units are used.
1 Remove the cover of the hot shoe and attach the external flash
(AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ).
2 Turn on the camera and the external flash.
3 Set the external flash mode to [P-TTL auto].
4 Confirm that the external flash is fully charged and then take the picture.
About the LCD Panel Display for AF360FGZ
Lens focal length 85mm 77mm 50mm 35mm 28mm 24mm 20mm 18mm
AF360FGZ
LCD panel
Exposure
metering timer
Off
85mm 70mm 50mm 35mm 28mm 24mm*
Exposure
metering timer
On 58mm 48mm 34mm 24mm 19mm 16mm*
Using P-TTL Auto Mode
145
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5
With the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ, you can discharge the flash to take a
picture at a shutter speed faster than 1/180 second. High-speed flash sync
can be used with the flash attached to the camera, or wireless.
Attaching and Using the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ on the Camera
1 Remove the cover of the hot shoe and attach the external flash
(AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ).
2 Turn the mode dial and set the exposure mode to b or a.
3 Turn on the camera and the external flash.
4 Set the external flash sync mode to HSb (high-speed flash sync).
5 Confirm that the external flash is fully charged and then take the picture.
By using two external flashes (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) or using the
built-in flash with an external flash, you can shoot in P-TTL flash mode
without connecting the flash units with a cord. High-speed sync mode is
also available for wireless shooting.
• P-TTL auto is only available with the AF540FGZ, AF360FGZ or AF200FG
flash unit.
• The b will light in the viewfinder when the flash is ready (fully charged).
• For details such as operation method and effective distance, please read the
external flash manual.
• The flash does not discharge when the subject is bright enough when Flash
Mode is C or i. Therefore, it may not be suitable for daylight-sync shooting.
• Never press the K button when any external flash unit is attached to the
camera. The built-in flash will hit the external flash. If you want to use both at
once, see p.149 for the connection method.
Using High-Speed Flash Sync Mode
• The b will light in the viewfinder when the flash is ready (fully charged).
• High-speed flash sync is only available when the shutter speed is faster than
1/180 sec.
• High-speed flash sync is not available when the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb).
Using in Wireless Mode
• Set the power switch of the external flash to [WIRELESS].
• Set the wireless mode of the external flash not directly connected to the
camera to [SLAVE].
146
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5
Setting the Channel for the External Flash on the Camera
First set the channel for the external flash unit on the camera.
1 Set the channel for the external flash unit.
2 Attach the external flash to the camera hot shoe.
3 Turn on the camera and the external flash, and press the shutter
release button halfway.
The built-in flash is set to the same channel as the external flash unit.
Using the Built-in Flash Wirelessly
Set the camera to wireless flash mode when using an external flash in
combination with the built-in flash.
1 Press the { button and press the four-way controller (3).
The Flash options screen appears.
2 Use the four-way controller (45) to
select r mode.
Press the 4 button to return to Capture
mode.
Changing the Built-in Flash Discharge Method
You can change the built-in flash discharge method in wireless mode.
Set in [29. Flash in Wireless Mode] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
• When set to r mode, the channel currently set for the built-in flash is
displayed on the LCD panel for 10 seconds.
• Be sure to set all the flashes to the same channel. Refer to the AF540FGZ or
AF360FGZ operating manual for details on how to set the channel on the
external flash.
• r cannot be set in B mode.
• When Drive Mode is set to i or the lens aperture is not set to s, r appears
gray and cannot be selected.
1 On Discharges the built-in flash.
2 Off Discharges the built-in flash as a test flash.
Flash Mode
Wire less Mode
OKOK0.0
147
U
sing the Flash
5
Wireless Shooting
Using a Combination of the Built-in Flash and an External Flash
Unit
1 Remove the external flash unit for which the channel was set on the
camera, and place at the desired location.
2 Set the flash mode of the camera to r , and pop up the built-in flash.
3 Confirm that both flashes are fully charged and then take the picture.
Using a Combination of External Flash Units
1 Set the wireless mode of the external flash directly connected to the
camera to [MASTER] or [CONTROL].
2 On the wireless flash unit, set the wireless flash mode to [SLAVE] and
set the channel to the same channel as the camera. Then, place at the
desired location.
3 Confirm that both flashes are fully charged and then take the picture.
HSb (High-speed sync) is not available when the camera is set to discharge
the built-in flash.
MASTER Discharges both the flash directly connected to the camera and the wireless flash unit.
CONTROL The flash directly connected to the camera is discharged as a test flash only and does not discharge as main flash.
Shake Reduction is not available in Wireless mode.
148
U
sing the Flash
5
As with the built-in flash, red-eye reduction is available with an external
flash.This may not be available on some flashes or may have restrictions
for usage conditions. See the chart on p.143.
When using the built-in flash with an external flash (AF540FGZ or
AF360FGZ) that is set to the Trailing curtain sync function, the built-in flash
will also use this mode. Confirm that both flash units are fully charged before
shooting.
Red-Eye Reduction
• The red-eye reduction feature works even when only an external flash is
used. (p.64)
• If red-eye reduction of the built-in flash is used when the external flash is set as
the slave unit or with the wireless function, the preflash for red-eye reduction will
trigger the external flash. Do not use red-eye reduction when using a slave unit.
Trailing Curtain Sync
Wireless Flash Control (P-TTL Flash Mode)
When using external flash units (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) for
wireless shooting, the following information is exchanged between
the flash units before the flash is discharged.
Press the shutter release button fully.
1 The flash unit directly connected to the camera emits a test
flash (relays the flash mode of the camera).
2 The wireless flash unit emits a test flash (relays confirmation of
subject).
3 The flash unit directly connected to the camera emits a test
flash (relays flash output to the wireless flash unit).
* The flash unit directly connected to the camera will emit a test flash
one more time after this to relay the flash duration time when HS b
(Highspeed sync) is set.
4 The wireless flash unit discharges as main flash.
When the wireless mode of the external flash on the camera is set to
[MASTER] or [29. Flash in Wireless Mode] (p.146) is set to [On] for the
built-in flash, all the flash units will discharge simultaneously.
149
U
sing the Flash
5
As shown in the illustration below, attach the Hot Shoe Adapter FG
(optional) to the camera hot shoe and an Off-Camera Shoe Adapter F
(optional) to the bottom of the external flash, and connect these with the
Extension Cord F5P (optional). The Off-Camera Shoe Adapter F can be
mounted using the tripod screw to your tripod.
Only the P-TTL auto flash can be used in combination with the built-in flash.
When combining with the built-in flash
You can combine two or more external flashes (AF540FGZ, AF360FGZ or
AF200FG) or you can use two or more external flashes in combination with
the built-in flash. You can use the extension cord connection terminal on
the flash to connect the AF540FGZ. You can connect AF360FGZ or
AF200FG units as shown in the illustration below. Connect an external
flash and the Hot Shoe Adapter F (optional) to the Off-Camera Shoe
Adapter F (optional) and then connect another Off-Camera Shoe Adapter
F with external flash using the Extension Cord F5P (optional).
Refer to the flash manual for details.
Using the Built-in Flash with the External Flash
Discharging Multiple Flashes
• Do not combine with accessories that have a different number of contacts
such as a Hot Shoe Grip as a malfunction may occur.
• Combining with flashes from other manufacturers may cause equipment
breakdown. We recommend using the AF540FGZ, AF360FGZ or AF200FG.
150
U
sing the Flash
5
When combining two or more external flashes
Combining two or more external flashes (AF540FGZ, AF360FGZ or
AF200FG) or using an external flash in combination with the built-in flash
allows multiple flash photography (contrast-control-sync flash
photography). This is based on the difference between the amounts of
light discharged from multiple units.
1 Connect the external flash to the camera indirectly. (p.149)
2 Set the sync mode for the external flash to the Contrast-Control-Sync
mode.
3 Turn the mode dial and set the exposure mode to e, b, c or a.
4 Confirm that both the external flash and built-in flash are fully charged
and then take the picture.
When using multiple external flashes or an external flash with the built-in flash,
P-TTL is used for flash control.
Contrast-Control-Sync Flash
• The AF200FG must be combined with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ.
• Do not combine with accessories that have a different number of contacts
such as a Hot Shoe Grip as a malfunction may occur.
• Combining with flashes from other manufacturers may cause equipment
breakdown. We recommend using PENTAX automatic flashes.
• When using two or more external flashes and the Contrast-Control-Sync
mode is set on the external master flash unit, the flash output ratio is 2
(master unit) : 1 (slave units). When external flash is used in combination with
the built-in flash, the flash output ratio is 2 (external flash) : 1 (built-in flash).
• When using multiple external flashes or an external flash with the built-in
flash, P-TTL is used for flash control.
151
U
sing the Flash
5
You can connect an external flash to the
camera with a sync cord by using the X-sync
socket.
X-sync Socket
• The use of high-voltage or high-current external flashes may cause a camera
breakdown.
• When a cord is connected to the X-sync socket, linked functions will not work.
• To prevent vignetting caused from Trailing curtain sync, it is recommended
to take a test shot using a shutter speed one level slower than the flash sync
speed.
• The contact of the X-sync socket is not splash and dust resistant. Attach the
provided Sync socket 2P cap when not in use.
Memo
152
6 Shooting Settings
This chapter describes how to set the save format for
pictures taken and other settings.
Setting the Image Processing Method in Capture
Mode (Custom Image) ........................................154
Setting the File Format ......................................156
154
Shooting Settings
6
Setting the Image Processing Method
in Capture Mode (Custom Image)
By using Custom Image to change the [Image Tone], you can adjust
settings such as the color and contrast before shooting an image.
Select from the following six modes for Image Tone: Bright, Natural,
Portrait, Landscape, Vibrant and Monochrome.
The default setting varies depending on the [Language/ ] setting
(p.224), and it may be set to [Natural].
You can adjust the following items for Image Tone.
*1 This can be set when any mode other than [Monochrome] is selected.
*2 This can be set when [Monochrome] is selected.
1 Press the { button in Capture
mode.
The shooting Fn menu appears.
Saturation*1 Sets the color saturation. (Available settings: –4 to +4)
Hue*1 Sets the color. (Available settings: –4 to +4)
Filter Effect*2
Changes the contrast to appear as if a B&W color filter
was used. Sets the filter color. (Available settings: [None],
[Green], [Yellow], [Orange], [Red], [Magenta], [Blue],
[Cyan], [Infrared Color])
Toning*2
Sets the level for cold tone adjustment (- direction) and
warm tone adjustment (+ direction). (Available settings:
–4 to +4)
Contrast Sets the image contrast. (Available settings: –4 to +4)
Sharpness Set the sharpness of the image outlines. (Available settings: –4 to +4)
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
155
Shooting Settings
6
2 Press the 4 button.
The Custom Image screen appears.
After the power is turned on, the last
image taken is displayed in the
background. Set the main switch to | to
change the background image to the
Digital Preview image.
3 Use the four-way controller
(45) to choose the Image Tone.
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the item you
want to change ([Saturation], [Hue], [Contrast],
[Sharpness]).
When Image Tone is set to [Monochrome], you can change the settings
for [Filter Effect], [Toning], [Contrast], and [Sharpness].
5 Use the four-way controller (45) to change the setting.
The background image changes according to the setting.
You can visually check the saturation and hue with the radar chart.
For [Sharpness], turn the rear e-dial toward y to change the setting to
[Fine Sharpness]. The image outlines are even thinner and sharper with
[Fine Sharpness], making it suited for capturing fine subjects such as
hair.
6 Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the Capture mode.
You can save the background image with the current settings as a JPEG
image. Press the { button to display the image save confirmation screen, and
then select [Save as] and press the 4 button.
R
Y
G
C
B
M
OK
Check
Natura l
OK
BW
R
Y
G
C
B
M
Check
Portra i t
OKOK
156
Shooting Settings
6
Setting the File Format
You can select the number of recorded pixels from X, J, P and i.
The more pixels there are, the larger the picture and the bigger the file
size. The file size will also differ according to the [JPEG Quality] setting.
The default setting is X 4672×3104.
The paper sizes above are references for optimal printing by recorded
pixels. The quality of the captured photo or printed picture depends on the
quality level, exposure control, resolution of the printer and a variety of
other factors.
You can set the JPEG recorded pixels in [JPEG Recorded Pixels] in the
[A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.72)
When the number of recorded pixels is changed, the number of recordable
images appears at the top right of the screen.
Setting the JPEG Recorded Pixels
X 4672×3104 14"×17" / A2 paper
J 3872×2592 10"×12" / A3 paper
P 3008×2000 8"×10" / A4 paper
i 1824×1216 5"×7" / A5 paper
128
MENU
10
2
14.6MJPEG Recorded Pix
JPEG Qual i ty
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
F i le Format
Off
Of f
Cancel OKOK
Recordable image no.
157
Shooting Settings
6
You can set the image quality level. The file size will also differ according
to the [JPEG Rec. Pixels] setting. The default setting is C (Best).
You can set the JPEG quality level in [JPEG Quality] in the [A Rec. Mode]
menu. (p.72)
When the quality level is changed, the number of recordable images at
that quality level appears at the top right of the screen.
Setting the JPEG Quality Level
Z Premium Images will be clearer but file size will be larger.
C Best
D Better
E Good Images will be grainier but file size will be smaller.
MENU
128
14.6MJPEG Rec. P ixe ls
JPEG Qual i ty
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
Fi le Format
Off
Cancel OKOK
Recordable image no.
158
Shooting Settings
6
You can set the format of image files. The default setting is JPEG.
Set [File Format] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.72)
When the file format is changed, the number of recordable images
appears at the top right of the screen.
You can select PEF or DNG format in [RAW file format] in the [A Rec.
Mode] menu when images are captured in RAW format. The default
setting is PEF format.
PEF: PENTAX original RAW file format
DNG:General-purpose, publicly available RAW file format designed by
Adobe Systems
Setting the File Format
JPEG
Captures images in JPEG format. You can change the number of
recorded pixels from [JPEG Rec. Pixels] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu,
and the image quality level from [JPEG Quality] in the [A Rec. Mode]
menu. The file size varies according to the settings.
RAW
RAW data is CMOS sensor output data saved without processing.
Effects such as White Balance, Custom Image and Color Space are
not applied to the image but such information is saved. Use Raw
Display (p.197) or transfer to a PC, apply effects with the enclosed
PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 and create JPEG or TIFF images.
RAW+ Image is saved in both RAW and JPEG formats. When the | button is pressed, images are temporarily captured in both formats. (p.19)
MENU
128
14.6M
JPEG
RAW
RAW+
JPEG Rec. P ixe ls
JPEG Qual i ty
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
F i le Format
Off
Cancel OKOK
Rec. Mode
MENU
PEF
DNG
JPEG
14.6MJPEG Rec. P ixe ls
JPEG Qual i ty
Extended Bracket
Mul t i -exposure
RAW f i le format
F i le Format
Off
Cancel OKOK
159
Shooting Settings
6
You can set the function when the | button (p.19) is pressed.
The following settings are available.
1 Select [| Button] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off) for [Cancel each time].
When set to O (On), the recording format each time a picture is taken
returns to the [File Format] setting in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. The
default setting is O (On).
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose a file format.
The left side is the [File Format] setting in the [A Rec. Mode] menu and
the right side is the file format when the | button is pressed.
5 Press the four-way controller (5), and use the four-way
controller (23) to select the file format when the |
button is pressed.
6 Press the 4 button.
7 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera returns to the Capture or Playback mode.
Setting the RAW Button Function
Cancel each time O (On)/P (Off)
File Format File format selected when the | button is pressed.
RAW but ton
Cancel each t ime
MENU
RAW+JPEG
RAW+RAW
RAW+RAW+
160
Shooting Settings
6
White balance is a function for adjusting the color of an image so that white
objects appear white. Set the white balance if you are not satisfied with the
color balance of pictures taken with white balance set to F (Auto), or
to intentionally apply a creative effect to your images. The default setting
is F (Auto).
* The color temperature (K) is an estimate. This does not indicate precise colors.
1 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
Setting the White Balance
F Auto
Automatically adjusts the white balance. (About 4000 to
8000K)
G Daylight For use when taking pictures in sunlight. (About 5200K)
H Shade
For use when taking pictures in the shade. It reduces the
bluish color tones in a picture. (About 8000K)
^ Cloudy
For use when taking pictures on cloudy days. (About
6000K)
J
Fluorescent
Light
For use when taking pictures under fluorescent lighting.
Select the type of fluorescent light, from W (white) (about
4200K), N (neutral white) (about 5000K), and D (daylight)
(about 6500K).
I
Tungsten
Light
For use when taking pictures under light bulb or other
tungsten light. It reduces the reddish color tones in a
picture. (About 2850K)
b Flash
For use when taking pictures using the built-in flash.
(About 5400K)
K Manual
Use this to manually adjust the white balance according to
the lighting so that white objects appear as a natural
white.
K Color Temperature
Use figures to set the color temperature. You can save
three settings.
Exi t
Fn AUTOOK
Fn CUSTOM IMAGE
161
Shooting Settings
6
2 Press the four-way controller
(4).
The White Balance screen appears.
3 Press the four-way controller (23) and set.
Set the main switch to | to display Digital Preview with the set White
Balance.
Fine-tuning White Balance is easier with Digital Preview.
Press the { button to save the background Digital Preview image.
4 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture with the set White Balance.
• Refer to p.163 for manual adjustment method.
• Preview is Digital Preview, regardless of the [30. Preview Method] setting in
the [A Custom Setting] menu.
• The camera automatically performs fine-tuning even when the light source is
specified. The color temperature of the light source is fixed when [12. WB
Adjustable Range] in the [A Custom Setting] menu is set to [Fixed].
• Because the light source changes when the flash discharges, you can set the
white balance for when the flash discharges. Select [AWB], [Unchanged] or
[Flash] in [11. WB when using flash] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
5000K
White Balance
Auto
Check
OKOK
162
Shooting Settings
6
The u allows you to fine tune the White Balance setting.
1 Perform desired settings in Steps 1 to 3 of “Setting the
White Balance”.
2 Press the four-way controller (5).
The White Balance fine tune screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller
(2345) to fine tune White
Balance.
Seven levels and 225 patterns are
available on the G-M and B-A axes.
Press the Green button to reset the GM compensation and BA
compensation.
4 Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the White Balance screen.
5 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture with the set White Balance.
Fine-Tuning the White Balance
GM compensation Adjusts the tone of the colors between green and magenta. 23
BA compensation Adjusts the tone of the colors between blue and amber. 45
±0
±0
G1
MENU
G
B A
M
OKOKCancel
Shade
163
Shooting Settings
6
You can adjust the white balance depending on the light source when
taking pictures. With Manual White Balance, the camera can store delicate
shades that cannot be precisely adjusted with the white balance preset
values provided in the camera (p.160). This provides the optimum white
balance for your surroundings.
1 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller (4).
The White Balance screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (3)
to select K (Manual).
4 Press the four-way controller (5).
The White Balance fine tune screen appears.
5 Under the light to adjust the white balance, fully display a
white sheet of paper in the viewfinder or select a white
area as the subject.
Adjusting the White Balance Manually
5000K
White Balance
Manual
Check
OKOK
164
Shooting Settings
6
6 Press the shutter release button
fully.
Slide the focus mode lever to when
the shutter cannot be released.
The screen to select the measuring range
is displayed.
7 Use the rear e-dial to select the entire screen or spot area
for the measuring range.
8 When a spot area is selected, use the four-way controller
(2345) to move the frame to the area you want to
measure.
9 Press the 4 button.
The White Balance fine-tuning screen
appears when measuring is completed.
Tune using steps in “Fine-Tuning the
White Balance” if fine-tuning is
necessary. (p.162)
10 Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the White Balance screen.
11 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture with the set White Balance.
• No image is recorded when the shutter release button is pressed to adjust
the white balance. Press the { button to save the background image as a
JPEG image. The image save confirmation screen appears. Select [Save as]
and press the 4 button.
• [NG] appears when measuring is unsuccessful. Press the 4 button while
displayed to return to the White Balance fine tune screen for remeasuring.
• If the picture is extremely overexposed or underexposed, white balance may
not be adjusted. In this case, adjust appropriate exposure and adjust the
white balance.
OKOK
±0±0
±0MENU
G
B A
M
SHUTTER
OKOKCancel
Manual
Whi te Balance
165
Shooting Settings
6
Use figures to set the color temperature.
1 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller (4).
The White Balance screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (3)
to select Color Temperature (the
default setting is 5000K).
4 Press the four-way controller (5).
5 Use the four-way controller (23) to select the Color
Temperature to change.
You can save three settings. Settings are saved to the location selected
here. Additionally, perform the same operations to change Color
Temperature that has already been set.
6 Press the four-way controller (5).
The screen to enter the color temperature appears.
Adjusting the White Balance with Color Temperature
White Balance
Color Temperature
5000K 5000K
5000K
5000K
Check
OKOK
166
Shooting Settings
6
7 Adjust the Color Temperature with the front and rear e-dial.
Color Temperature steps differ depending on the e-dial.
* The default setting for Color Temperature step units is Kelvin. You can change the
step units to Mired in [19. Color temp. steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
However, figures are converted to Kelvin and displayed.
You can also use the steps for “Fine-Tuning the White Balance” (p.162)
to fine tune.
8 Press the 4 button.
The settings are saved and the camera returns to the White Balance screen.
Set the main switch to | to display Digital Preview with the set Color
Temperature.
9 Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture with the set White Balance.
Kelvin Mired*
Front e-dial 1 Step (100K) 1 Step (20M)
Rear e-dial 10 Steps (1000K) 5 Steps (100M)
Color Temperature
The color of light shifts towards blue as the color temperature rises, and
towards red as the color temperature falls. Color temperature describes
this change in light color in terms of absolute temperature (K: Kelvin).
This camera is capable of setting the white balance to enable taking
pictures with natural coloring under a variety of lighting conditions.
2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 8000 10000 12000 [ K ]
C
a n d le fla
m e O
il la
m p T
u n g s te n lig
h t H
a lo g e n lig
h t b
u lb W
h ite
(F
lu o re s c e n t lig
h t) D
a y lig
h t C
lo u d y S
h a d e C
le a r s
k y D
a y lig
h t (F
lu o re s c e n t lig
h t) N
e u tra
l w
h ite
(F
lu o re s c e n t lig
h t) F
la s h Red tint Blue tint
167
Shooting Settings
6
You can set the color space to use. The default setting is [sRGB].
Set [Color Space] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.72)
Setting the Color Space
1 sRGB Sets to sRGB color space.
2 AdobeRGB Sets to AdobeRGB color space.
File names differ depending on the color space setting as shown below.
For sRGB : IMGPxxxx.JPG
For AdobeRGB : _IGPxxxx.JPG
You can change [IMGP] and [IGP] to the desired characters. (p.231)
[xxxx] indicates the file number. This is displayed as a four-digit sequential
number. (p.230)
MENU
Interval Shoot ing
Color Space
Input Focal Length
Memory
RAW but ton AdobeRGB
sRGB
Rec. Mode
Off
OKOKCancel
Color Space
Color ranges for various input/output devices, such as digital
cameras, monitors, and printers, differ.
This color range is called the Color Space.
To recreate different color spaces in different devices, standard color
spaces have been proposed. This camera supports sRGB and
AdobeRGB.
sRGB is mainly used for devices such as a PC.
AdobeRGB covers a wider area than sRGB and is used for
occupational uses such as industrial printing.
An image created in AdobeRGB may appear lighter than an image
created in sRGB when output from an sRGB compatible device.
Memo
168
7 Playback Functions
This chapter describes how to use the various playback
functions in Playback mode.
How to Operate the Menus During Playback ...170
Rotating Images .................................................172
Enlarging Playback Images ...............................173
Displaying Multiple Images ...............................175
Displaying a Folder ............................................177
Comparing Images .............................................178
Slideshow ............................................................179
Changing Playback Display Method .................182
Deleting Multiple Images ...................................185
Protecting Images from Deletion (Protect) ......189
Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment .......191
170
Playback Functions
7
How to Operate the Menus During
Playback
Press the 3 button in Playback mode. The [Q Playback] menu
appears.
Perform settings related to playback and editing images in the
[Q Playback] menu.
Set custom functions to fully use the functions of a SLR camera with the Custom
Function Menu. The default setting does not change Custom Function.
The [A Custom Setting] menu settings are activated when [Setting], the
first item, is O (On).
[Q Playback] Menu Setting Items
Item Function Page
Playback display
Sets whether to display the Bright/Dark area warning
in Playback mode and also sets the initial
magnification when enlarging images.
p.184
Instant Review Sets how long to display Instant Review and whether to display Bright/Dark area warning and histogram. p.227
Live View Sets whether to display the grid and AF frame during Live View.
p.114,
p.228
Digital Preview Sets whether to display Bright/Dark area warning and histogram during Digital Preview.
p.115,
p.229
Slideshow Plays back recorded images one after another. p.181
[A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items
Item Function Page
Setting Sets to change Custom Function. –
32. Saving
rotation info
Sets whether to save rotation information when
shooting. –
33. Auto Image
Rotation
Sets to automatically rotate images when playing
back. –
Reset Custom
Function
Resets all the settings in the Custom Function menu
to the defaults. p.239
171
Playback Functions
7
Press the { button during playback. The Fn
menu appears.
Press the four-way controller (2345) or the 4 button to set the
operation.
Playback Fn Menu Setting Items
Key or
Button Item Function Page
2 DPOF Settings Sets the DPOF settings. p.204
4 Digital Filter
Changes the color tone of captured
images, adds softening and slimming
effects, or adjusts the brightness.
p.194
5 Slideshow
Plays back recorded images one after
another. p.179
3 RAW Display Converts RAW images to JPEG format. p.197
4
Image
Comparison
You can display two images side-byside. p.178
• RAW Display (3) cannot be selected when displaying a JPEG image.
• DPOF Settings (2) and Digital Filter (4) cannot be selected when displaying
a RAW image.
OK
Fn Exi tFn
172
Playback Functions
7
Rotating Images
The u features a function that uses a sensor to rotate and correct
the direction of the image when an image is captured with the side of the
shutter release button facing up and the Mode dial facing down. You can
also rotate the captured image 90° counterclockwise at a time with the
steps below.
1 Press the Q button.
Use the four-way controller (45) to display the image you want to
rotate.
2 Press the four-way controller (3).
The image is rotated 90° counterclockwise each time the button is
pressed.
3 Press the 4 button.
Image rotation information is saved.
You cannot save image rotation information for a protected image or when [33.
Auto Image Rotation] in the [A Custom Setting] menu is set to Off.
100-0001
1/250
F2.8 OKOKOK OK
3 3
173
Playback Functions
7
Enlarging Playback Images
Images can be magnified up to 32 times in playback mode.
1 Press the Q button and use the
four-way controller (45) to
select an image.
100-0046
1/2000
F5.6
174
Playback Functions
7
2 Turn the rear e-dial to the right
(toward y).
Image enlarges at each calibration (1.2
times* to 32 times).
Operations available during Enlarged view
* The default setting for the first click (minimum magnification) on the rear e-dial
(toward right) is 1.2 times. You can change this in [Playback display] in
[Q Playback] menu. (p.184)
Four-way controller
(2345)
Moves area to enlarge
Rear e-dial (toward right)/
Green button
Enlarges image (up to 32 times)
Rear e-dial (toward left)/
m button
Reduces image (up to 1.2 times*)
4 button Returns to the original size
M button Switches information display On/Off
Front e-dial Retains magnification and magnification
area and shows previous/next image
{ button Retains magnification and magnification
area and shows image comparison
(p.178)
• You can enlarge the image by following the same procedure during Instant
Review (p.57), Live View (p.114) or Digital Preview (p.115). However, the
magnifications available for Live View are 4.0 times and 8.0 times.
• The initial full display of vertical images is displayed with a magnification of
0.75 times that of horizontal images, therefore, magnification at the first click
starts at 1.0 times.

100-0046
Fn 175
Playback Functions
7
Displaying Multiple Images
You can display 4, 9 or 16 images on the monitor at the same time.
The default setting is 9-image display. The number of images can be
changed but 9-image display is explained here.
1 Press the Q button.
2 Turn the rear e-dial to the left
(toward f).
The multi-image display screen appears.
Up to nine thumbnail images will be
displayed at once. Use the four-way
controller (2345) to select an image. A
scroll bar appears at the right of the screen.
With an image selected in the bottom row,
pressing the four-way controller (3)
displays the next nine images.
[?] appears for an image that cannot be
displayed.
100-0046
1/2000
F5.6
100-0046Select&Delete
Scroll bar
Frame
176
Playback Functions
7
3 Turn the rear e-dial to the right
(towards y) or press the 4
button.
A full screen display of the selected
image appears.
1 In the multi-image display
screen, press the { button.
The multi-image options screen appears.
2 Use the four-way controller (425) to select the number
of images to display at once.
The camera returns to the multi-image display screen.
Selecting the Number of Images to Display
4 4 images
2 9 images
5 16 images
100-0046
1/2000
F5.6
OK
MENU
177
Playback Functions
7
Displaying a Folder
You can display the contents of folders in the multi-image display screen.
1 Turn the rear e-dial to the left in
the multi-image display screen.
2 Use the four-way controller (2345) to select the folder
you want to display and press the 4 button.
The images in the folder are displayed according to the number selected
in the multi-image options screen.
Press the i button to delete all images in the selected folder. (p.188)
100PENTX
100 101 102
103 104 105
Delete
178
Playback Functions
7
Comparing Images
You can display two images side-by-side.
1 Press the { button in Playback
mode, and then press the 4
button.
Two images are displayed side-by-side.
The same image is displayed on the left
and right. Turn the front e-dial to select the
images to compare.
You can also press the { button in
Enlarged view to display image comparison.
Operations available during image comparison
2 Press the { button.
The camera returns to the normal Playback mode.
4 button The selection frame changes to both images, left
image, and right image each time the button is
pressed.
Four-way controller
(2345)
Moves area to enlarge. When the selection frame
is selecting both images, you can operate both
images at the same time.
Green button Returns the enlarge display position to the center.
Rear e-dial Enlarges or reduces the image. When the
selection frame is selecting both images, you can
operate both images at the same time.
Front e-dial When the selection frame is selecting the left or
right image, the previous/next image is displayed.
M button Switches information display On/Off.
i button When the selection frame is selecting the left or
right image, the selected image is deleted.
100-0046
x1.0x1.0
100-0046
OKFn
179
Playback Functions
7
Slideshow
You can play back all images recorded on your SD Memory Card
successively. To start continuous playback, use the menu screen
displayed on the monitor.
1 Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45)
to select an image to be displayed first.
2 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
OK
Fn Exi tFn
180
Playback Functions
7
3 Press the four-way controller
(5).
Start screen is displayed and slideshow
begins.
Operations available during a slideshow
Operations available when paused
4 Stop the slideshow.
Slideshow ends when one of the following is performed during playback
or when paused.
• Four-way controller (3) is pressed *1
• Q button is pressed *1
• 3 button is pressed *1
• Shutter release button is pressed halfway or fully *2
• = button is pressed *2
• Main switch is turned to the | position *2
• Mode dial is turned *2
*1 After slideshow ends, the camera switches to normal Playback mode.
*2 After slideshow ends, the camera switches to Capture mode.
4 button Pause
Four-way controller (4) Shows previous image
Four-way controller (5) Shows next image
Four-way controller (3) Stop
4 button Resumes playback (Restart)
Four-way controller (4) Shows previous image
Four-way controller (5) Shows next image
Four-way controller (3) Stop
Set the display time for slideshow in the [Q Playback] menu. Alternatively,
start the slideshow from the [Q Playback] menu. (p.181)
OK
Star t
181
Playback Functions
7
Set image display interval for slideshow to [3 sec], [5 sec], [10 sec] or [30
sec]. The default setting is [3 sec].
Set whether or not to play back repeatedly. The default setting is [Off].
1 Select [Slideshow] in the
[Q Playback] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller (5).
3 Press the four-way controller (5)
and use the four-way controller
(23) to select the image display
interval.
Press the 4 button.
4 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Repeat
Playback].
5 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
6 Press the 3 button.
The camera returns to the [Q Playback] menu.
Press the 4 button to start slideshow.
Setting the Slideshow Display Interval
Playback d isplay
Playback
Instant Review
Live View
Digi ta l Preview
Sl ideshow
MENU Star tOKExi t
3sec
1sec
Sl ideshow
Interval
Repeat P layback
MENU
3sec
30sec
5sec
10sec
OKOKCancel
182
Playback Functions
7
Changing Playback Display Method
The camera switches display information when you press the M
button in the Playback screen.
A histogram shows the brightness
distribution of an image. The horizontal
axis represents brightness (dark at the
left and bright at the right) and the
vertical axis represents the number of
pixels.
The u features two histogram
displays. The “Brightness histogram”
shows the distribution of brightness
and the “RGB histogram” shows the
distribution of color intensity.
1 Histogram Display (p.26)
The shape of the histogram before and after shooting tells you whether the
brightness and contrast are correct or not, and lets you decide if you need to use
EV compensation and take the picture again.
1 Adjusting the Exposure (p.100)
Standard Captured image and indicators are displayed.
Histogram Images and histogram (Brightness/RGB) are displayed.
Detailed Info Shooting information appears with a small image in the upper left.
No info. Display Only captured images are displayed.
• Refer to p.25 for various display information details.
• The information that is shown first during playback is the same as that of the
last playback in the previous session. The [Standard] screen can always be
displayed first by setting [Memory] (p.236) in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
Using the Histogram
N
um be r o
f p
ix el s→ ←Brightness→(Dark) (Bright)
Dark portions Bright portions
183
Playback Functions
7
Understanding Brightness
If the brightness is correct, the graph peaks in the middle. If the image is
too dark, the peak is on the left side, and if it is too bright, the peak is on
the right side.
When the image is too dark, the part to the left is cut off (dark portions with
no detail) and when the image is too bright, the part to the right is cut off
(bright portions with no detail).
Bright portions blink red on the monitor and dark portions blink yellow
when Bright/Dark area is on.
1 Playing Back Images (p.68)
1 Setting the Display for Instant Review, Live View and Digital Preview (p.227)
Understanding Contrast
The graph peaks gradually in the middle for images in which contrast is
balanced. The graph peaks on both sides but sinks in the middle for images
with a large difference in contrast and low amounts of mid-level brightness.
Understanding Color Balance
Distribution of color intensity is displayed for each color in the RGB histogram.
The right side of the graphs look similar for images that have White Balance
adjusted well. If only one color is lopsided to the left, that color is too intense.
1 Setting the White Balance (p.160)
Dark image Correct image Bright image
184
Playback Functions
7
You can set whether or not to display the Bright/Dark area warning in
Playback mode and set the initial magnification when enlarging images.
1 Select [Playback display] in the [Q Playback] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
4 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Quick Zoom].
5 Press the four-way controller (5) and use the four-way
controller (23) to select the magnification.
6 Press the 4 button.
7 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take or play back images.
Setting the Playback Display
Playback d isplay
Br ight /Dark area
Quick Zoom Off
MENU
185
Playback Functions
7
Deleting Multiple Images
You can delete all saved images at once.
1 Press the Q button.
2 Press the i button twice.
The Delete All screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Delete All].
Deleting All Images
Deleted images cannot be restored.
A confirmation screen appears when there are protected images.
Cancel
OK
Delete a l l images
on memory card?
MENU OK
Delete Al l
186
Playback Functions
7
4 Press the 4 button.
All images are deleted.
A confirmation screen appears when
there are protected images. Press the
four-way controller (23) to select
[Delete All] or [Leave All] and press the
4 button.
You can delete multiple images from the multi-image display at once.
1 Press the Q button.
2 Turn the rear e-dial to the left
(toward f).
The multi-image display screen appears.
Deleting Selected Images (from Multi-image
Display)
• Deleted images cannot be restored.
• Protected images cannot be deleted.
• You can select up to 100 images at a time.
Delete Al l
Leave Al l
3 image(s)
Protected images are found
OKOK
100-0046Select&Delete
187
Playback Functions
7
3 Press the i button.
9 appears on the images.
4 Use the four-way controller
(2345) to move to the images
to delete and press the 4
button.
Image is selected and O appears.
Protected images cannot be selected.
5 Press the i button.
The Delete confirmation screen appears.
6 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Select&Delete].
7 Press the 4 button.
The selected images are deleted.
DeleteMENU OK
Select&Delete
MENU OKOK
Cancel
Al l se lected
images are deleted
188
Playback Functions
7
You can delete all images in a selected folder.
1 Turn the rear e-dial to the left
(toward f) in Playback mode to
display the folders.
2 Press the four-way controller
(2345) to select the folder to
delete and press the i button.
The Delete Folder confirmation screen
appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (2) to select [Delete].
The folder and all images in the folder are deleted.
A confirmation screen appears when there are protected images. Press
the four-way controller (23) to select [Delete All] or [Leave All] and
press the 4 button.
Deleting a Folder
100PENTX
100 101 102
103 104 105
Delete
Cancel
Deletes a l l images in the
selected fo lder
Delete
MENU OKOK
189
Playback Functions
7
Protecting Images from Deletion
(Protect)
You can protect images from being accidentally deleted.
1 Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45)
to select an image.
2 Press the Z button.
The Protect screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Protect].
4 Press the 4 button.
The selected image is protected.
Even protected images are deleted if the SD Memory Card is formatted.
• Select [Unprotect] in Step 3 to cancel the Protect setting.
• The Y icon is displayed when playing back protected images. (p.25, p.26)
Protect
100-0046
OK
Unprotect
Al l images OK
190
Playback Functions
7
1 Press the Q button.
2 Press the Z button twice.
The Protect all images screen appears.
3 Press the four-way controller
(23) to select [Protect] and
press the 4 button.
All images saved in the SD Memory Card
are protected.
Protecting All Images
Select [Unprotect] in Step 3 to cancel the Protect setting on all of the images.
Protect
OK
Unprotect
Protect a l l images
MENU OK
191
Playback Functions
7
Connecting the Camera to AV
Equipment
By using the provided video cable (I-VC28), you can play back images
using a TV or other device with a video IN jack as your monitor. Make sure
that both the TV and the camera are turned off before connecting the
cable.
1Selecting the Video Output Format (p.233)
1 Open the terminal cover, face the arrow on the provided
video cable toward the mark on the camera, and
connect the video cable to the USB/Video terminal.
2 Connect the other end of the video cable to the video IN
jack on the AV device.
3 Turn the AV device and camera on.
• If you intend to use the camera continuously for a long period, use of the AC
adapter D-AC50 (optional) is recommended. (p.39)
• For AV equipment with multiple video IN jacks (such as TVs), check the
operating manual of the AV device, and select the video IN jack to which the
camera is connected.
• Depending on the country or region, images may fail to be played back if the
video output format is set different from the one in use there. If this happens,
change the video output format setting. (p.233)
• The camera monitor turns off while the camera is connected to the AV
device.
Memo
192
8 Processing Images
This chapter describes how to process pictures taken and
edit RAW images.
Processing Images with Digital Filters .............194
Editing RAW Images ..........................................197
194
Processing Im
ages
8
Processing Images with Digital
Filters
You can edit shot images using digital filters. Processed images are saved
under a different name.
1 Press the { button in Playback
mode.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller
(4).
The screen for selecting the filter
appears.
TIFF and RAW images cannot be processed using the digital filter.
Fn OK
Fn Exi t
B&W
MENU
OK
HDR
OK
195
Processing Im
ages
8
3 Use the four-way controller (45) to select an image.
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to select a filter.
Select a filter and preview the effects on the image.
5 Adjust with the front e-dial and rear e-dial.
Filter name Function Front e-dial Rear e-dial
B&W
Converts to a black and white
image. Changes the contrast to
appear as if a B&W color filter
was used.
— BW/R/G/B
Sepia
Adds a vintage touch to photos by
converting them to sepia color.
Select from three levels of
density.
— Density (3 levels)
Color
Adds a color filter to the image.
Select from 18 filters (6 colors × 3
tones).
Red/Green/
Blue/Yellow/
Magenta/
Cyan
Density of
each color
(3 levels)
Extract
Color
Leaves the selected color in the
image and converts the rest of the
image to the same color. Select
from six extracted colors.
— R/G/B/Y/M/C
Soft
Creates a soft image by lightly
fading the entire image. Select
from three levels.
— Soft level(3 levels)
Illustration
Creates an image that looks as
though it was drawn with a pencil.
The setting cannot be adjusted.
— —
MENU
OK
HDR
OK
Color
MENU
OK
HDR
OK
Sl im
Color Filter Slim Filter
196
Processing Im
ages
8
When another image is selected with the four-way controller (45), the
image appears in the set filter.
6 Press the 4 button.
The save confirmation screen appears.
7 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Save as].
Press the 3 button to return to the
previous screen. Select [Cancel] and
press the 4 button to return to singleimage playback mode.
8 Press the 4 button.
The filtered image is saved under a different name.
HDR
Creates an image that looks as
though it is a high dynamic range
image. Select from three levels.
— HDR level(3 levels)
Slim
Changes the horizontal and
vertical ratio of images. Adjust
height or width up to two times the
original size.
— Left: WideRight: Slim
Brightness
Changes the brightness of
images. Adjust in a range of ±8
levels.
— Left: DarkRight: Light
Filter name Function Front e-dial Rear e-dial
Save image as a new f i le
Cancel
Save as
MENU OKOK
197
Processing Im
ages
8
Editing RAW Images
You can convert captured RAW files into JPEG or TIFF files.
1 Press the { button in Playback
mode.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller
(3).
3 Press the 4 button.
The parameters recorded in the image
file appear.
To specify the parameters, see
“Specifying the Parameters” (p.200).
Editing One RAW Image
Fn OK
Fn Exi t
Develop th is image
MENU Fn OKOK
MENU
14.6M
OKOK
Recorded Pixe ls
AdobeRGB
198
Processing Im
ages
8
4 Press the 4 button.
The save confirmation screen appears.
5 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Save as].
Press the 3 button to return to the previous screen. Select [Cancel]
and press the 4 button to return to single-image playback mode.
6 Press the 4 button.
The edited image is saved under a different name.
Selects and edits multiple RAW images.
1 Press the { button in Playback mode.
The Fn menu appears.
2 Press the four-way controller (3).
3 Press the { button.
The multi-image display screen appears.
Editing All RAW Images
Save image as a new f i le
Cancel
Save as
MENU OKOK
MENU OKFn
199
Processing Im
ages
8
4 Press the four-way controller (2345) to select the RAW
image to edit and press the 4 button to select the check
box (O).
Press the 4 button again to clear the check box (P).
Turn the rear e-dial toward f to select single-image display and view the
image.
You can select up to 100 images at a time.
5 Press the { button and use the four-way controller (23)
to select [Open].
To specify the parameters, select [Change Setting]. See “Specifying the
Parameters” (p.200).
6 Press the 4 button.
The save confirmation screen appears.
7 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Save as JPEG]
or [Save as TIFF].
Press the 3 button to return to the previous screen. Select [Cancel]
and press the 4 button to return to single-image playback mode.
8 Press the 4 button.
All selected RAW images are edited and saved in a new folder.
200
Processing Im
ages
8
Specifies the parameters for editing RAW images. When multiple images
are selected, all images are edited with the same parameters.
If Quality Level is not set to [TIFF], images are saved as JPEG images.
1 Select [Change Setting] in Step 3
of p.197 or Step 5 of p.199 and
press the 4 button.
The parameter setting screen appears.
2 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the parameter
you want to change.
The following parameters can be changed.
*1 If Quality Level is set to [TIFF], this is fixed at X.
*2 White Balance cannot be set for RAW files taken in Multi-exposure mode.
Specifying the Parameters
JPEG Recorded
Pixels*1
X(4672×3104)/J(3872×2592)/
P(3008×2000)/i(1824×1216)
Quality Level Z (Premium)/C (Best)/
D (Better)/E (Good)/TIFF
White Balance*2
F (Auto), G (Daylight), H (Shade), ^
(Cloudy), JN (Daylight white fluorescent lights),
JW (White light fluorescent lights), JD (Daylight
colors fluorescent lights), I (Tungsten Light), E
(Flash), K (Manual), Color Temperature (three
types)
Sensitivity –2.0~+2.0
Custom Image Image Tone/Saturation (Filter Effect)/Hue (Toning)/Contrast/Sharpness
Color Space sRGB/AdobeRGB
High-ISO Noise
Reduction Noise reduction level (4 levels)
MENU
14.6M
OKOK
Recorded Pixe ls
AdobeRGB
201
Processing Im
ages
8
3 Use the four-way controller (45) to change the
parameter.
Use the four-way controller (5) to display the setting screen for White
Balance/Custom Image. To make these settings, see “Adjusting the
White Balance” (p.160) and “Setting the Image Processing Method in
Capture Mode (Custom Image)” (p.154).
4 Press the 4 button.
The save confirmation screen appears.
5 Select [Save as] and press the 4 button.
The RAW image is edited and saved as a new image.
• You cannot save the background image or use Digital Preview with White
Balance/Custom Image.
• Manual white balance measures an arbitrary position on the image using only
spot metering. Pressing the shutter release button fully cancels RAW image
editing and changes to Capture mode.
Memo
202
9 Printing from the Camera
This chapter describes how to make the printing settings.
Setting the Printing Service (DPOF) .................204
Printing Using PictBridge ..................................207
204
Printing from
the C
am era
9
Setting the Printing Service (DPOF)
You can order conventional photograph prints by taking the SD Memory
Card with recorded images to a store for a printing service.
DPOF (Digital Print Order Format) settings allow you to specify the
number of copies or to imprint the date.
Set the following items for each image.
1 Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45)
to select an image.
2 Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
3 Press the four-way controller
(2).
The DPOF screen appears.
If DPOF settings have already been
made for an image, the previous number
of prints and date setting (O (On) or
P (Off)) will be displayed.
• DPOF settings cannot be applied to RAW images.
• You can make DPOF settings for up to 999 images.
Printing Single Images
Copies Selects the number of copies. You can print up to 99 copies.
Date Specifies whether you want the date inserted on the print or not.
OK
Fn Exi tFn
00Copies
Al l images
100-0046
Date
Fn OKOK
205
Printing from
the C
am era
9
4 Use the four-way controller (45) to choose the number of
copies and press the four-way controller (3).
The frame moves to [Date].
5 Use the four-way controller
(45) to choose whether to
insert the date (O) or not (P).
O : The date will be printed.
P : The date will not be printed.
You can select the next or previous
image by turning the front e-dial. Repeat
Steps 4 and 5 to set multiple images (up
to 999).
6 Press the 4 button.
The edited DPOF settings for all images are saved and the camera
returns to single-image playback mode.
1 Press the { button in Playback
mode.
The Fn menu appears.
Depending on the printer or printing equipment at the photo processing lab, the
date may not be imprinted on the pictures even if the DPOF setting was made.
• To cancel DPOF settings, set the number of copies to [00] in Step 4 and
press the 4 button.
• Press the 3 button while setting to cancel editing of all images.
Settings for All Images
100-0046
01Copies
Al l images
Date
Fn OKOK
OK
Fn Exi tFn
206
Printing from
the C
am era
9
2 Press the four-way controller
(2).
The DPOF screen appears.
3 Press the { button.
The screen for making DPOF settings for
all images appears.
4 Use the four-way controller (45) to choose the number of
copies and whether to insert the date (O) or not (P).
Refer to Steps 4 and 5 of “Printing Single Images” (p.205) for details of
how to make the settings.
5 Press the 4 button.
The DPOF settings for all images are saved and the camera returns to
single-image playback mode.
The number of copies specified in settings for all images applies to all the
images. Before printing, check that the number is correct.
Settings for single images are canceled when settings are made for all images.
00Copies
Al l images
100-0046
Date
Fn OKOK
00
MENU
Copies
Date
OKOK
DPOF set t ing for a l l
images
207
Printing from
the C
am era
9
Printing Using PictBridge
This function lets you print images directly from the camera without using
a PC (direct printing).
Connect the camera and PictBridge compatible printer with the included
USB cable (I-USB17) to print directly.
Select the images you want to print, the number of copies and whether to
insert the date or not on the camera after connecting to the printer.
Direct printing is performed in the following steps.
Set [USB Connection] on camera to [PictBridge] (p.208)
Connect the camera to the printer (p.209)
Set the printing options
Print single images (p.210)
Print all images (p.212)
Print with DPOF settings (p.213)
• Use of the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional) is recommended when connecting
the camera to a printer. The printer may not work properly or the image data
may be lost if the battery runs out of power while the camera is connected to
the printer.
• Do not disconnect the USB cable during data transfer.
• Depending on the type of printer, not all the settings made on the camera
(such as print settings and DPOF settings) may be valid.
• A printing error may occur if the selected number of copies exceeds 500.
• Printing an index of images, where multiple images appear on a single sheet,
may not be possible unless the printer supports index printing. For index
prints, you may need to use a PC.
• RAW images cannot be printed directly from the camera. Use [RAW display]
(p.197) to convert to a JPEG image or transfer to a PC and use PENTAX
PHOTO Browser 3 to print RAW images.
• See the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3
Operating Manual” when connecting to a PC.
208
Printing from
the C
am era
9
1 Press the 3 button.
2 Use the four-way controller
(45) to select the [R Set-up]
menu.
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [USB
Connection].
4 Press the four-way controller (5).
A pop-up menu appears.
5 Use the four-way controller (23)
to select [PictBridge].
6 Press the 4 button.
The setting is changed.
7 Press the 3 button.
Setting Transfer Mode
Set-up
MENU
Engl ishLanguage
1/4
Format
World Time
Date Adjust
Beep
Exi t
USER
PC
PictBridge
Guide d isplay
Text S ize Std.
Set -up
Br ightness Level
LCD Color Tuning
Video Out
USB Connect ion
0
3 sec
OKOKMENU Cancel
209
Printing from
the C
am era
9
1 Turn off the camera.
2 Face the arrow on the provided USB cable toward the
mark on the camera, and connect the camera and
PictBridge compatible printer.
The PictBridge logo is displayed on PictBridge compatible printers.
3 Turn the printer on.
4 After printer start-up is complete,
turn the camera on.
The PictBridge menu appears.
Connecting the Camera to the Printer
PictBridge menu is not displayed if [USB Connection] is set to [PC].
Single Image
Al l Images
DPOF AUTOPRINT
OK
Select pr int ing mode
OK
210
Printing from
the C
am era
9
1 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Single Image] on
the PictBridge menu.
2 Press the 4 button.
The Print single image screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller
(45) to choose an image to
print.
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the number of copies.
You can print up to 99 copies.
5 Use the { button to choose whether to insert the date (O) or not (P).
O : The date will be printed.
P : The date will not be printed.
6 Press the 4 button.
The print settings confirmation screen
appears.
Proceed to Step 12 to print the images
using the default setting.
To change the print settings, go to Step 7.
Printing Single Images
Single Image
Al l Images
DPOF AUTOPRINT
OK
Select pr int ing mode
OK
1
100-0046
MENU
Fn OK Pr int
Date
Date
Pr int th is image
Copies
MENU
Fn OK Pr int
_Sett ing
_Sett ing
_Sett ing
_Sett ing
Qual i ty
Paper Type
Paper Size
Border Status
Change Set t ing
Pr int according
to set t ings?
211
Printing from
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9
7 Press the { button.
The screen for changing print settings
appears.
8 Select [Paper Size] and press the four-way controller (5).
The Paper Size screen appears.
9 Use the four-way controller
(2345) to choose the paper size.
You can only choose a size that is
supported by your printer.
When [_ Setting] is selected, images
are printed according to the printer
settings.
10 Press the 4 button.
11 Repeat Steps 8 to 10 to set [Paper Type], [Quality] and
[Border Status].
The print settings change screen appears after each item has been set.
When [_ Setting] is selected for these print settings, images are printed
according to the printer settings.
[Paper Type] with more Es supports higher quality paper.
[Quality] with more Es indicates higher print quality.
12 Press the 3 button.
The camera returns to the print settings confirmation screen in Step 6.
13 Press the 4 button.
The image is printed according to the settings.
Press the 3 button to cancel printing.
PictBridge
Paper Size
Paper Type
Qual i ty
Border Status
_Sett ing
_Sett ing
_Sett ing
_Sett ing
MENU
Paper Size
Card 8″×10″
A4
A3
Letter
11″×17″
2L
Postcard
4″×6″
L
100×150
MENU
_Sett ing
OKOKCancel
212
Printing from
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1 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [All Images] on
the PictBridge menu.
2 Press the 4 button.
The Print all images screen appears.
3 Choose the number of copies
and whether to imprint the date
or not.
The number of copies and the date setting
that you choose apply to all of the images.
Refer to Steps 4 and 5 of “Printing Single
Images” (p.210) for details on how to
make the settings.
4 Press the 4 button.
The print settings confirmation screen appears.
Refer to Steps 7 to 11 of “Printing Single Images” (p.211) for details on
how to change the settings.
5 Press the 4 button on the print settings confirmation
screen.
All the images are printed according to the settings.
Press the 3 button to cancel printing.
Printing All Images
Single Image
Al l Images
DPOF AUTOPRINT
OK
Select pr int ing mode
OK
1
28
Pr int
Date
Date
Pr int a l l images
Copies
Tota l
100-0046
MENU OK
Fn 213
Printing from
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1 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [DPOF
AUTOPRINT] on the PictBridge menu.
2 Press the 4 button.
The Print w/DPOF settings screen
appears.
Use the four-way controller (45) to
check the number of copies for each
image, whether the date is imprinted or
not, and total number of copies. The
number of copies and the date setting are
set with the Print Service. (p.204)
3 Press the 4 button.
The print settings confirmation screen appears.
Refer to Steps 7 to 11 of “Printing Single Images” (p.211) for details on
how to change the settings.
4 Press the 4 button on the print settings confirmation
screen.
The images are printed according to the settings.
Press the 3 button to cancel printing.
Disconnect the USB cable from the camera and printer when you have
finished printing.
1 Turn off the camera.
2 Disconnect the USB cable from the camera and printer.
Printing Images Using the DPOF Settings
Disconnecting the USB Cable
1
10
Pr int w/DPOF set t ings
MENU OK
100-0046
Pr int
DateCopies
Tota l
Memo
214
10Camera Settings
This chapter describes how to change the camera settings.
How to Operate the [R Set-up] Menu ...............216
Formatting the SD Memory Card ......................218
Setting the Beep Setting, Date and Time, and
Display Language ...............................................219
Adjusting the Monitor and the Menu Display
..............................................................................225
Setting the Image File Naming Convention .....230
Selecting the Video Output Format and Power
Settings ...............................................................233
Using Pixel Mapping ..........................................235
Selecting Capture Mode Settings to Save in the
Camera ................................................................236
216
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How to Operate the [R Set-up] Menu
Press the 3 button and use the four-way controller (45) to display
the [R Set-up] menu.
Perform various settings related to the camera in the [R Set-up] menu.
[R Set-up] Menu Setting Items
Item Function Page
USER Registers the current camera settings to USER. p.133
Format Formats the SD Memory Card. p.218
Beep Switches the beep tone on/off. p.219
Date Adjust Sets the date format and time. p.220
World Time
Sets display of local date and time of a specified
city in addition to the present location on the
monitor when traveling overseas.
p.221
Language/ Changes the language in which menus and messages appear. p.224
Text Size Sets the size of the text selected in the menus. p.225
Guide display Sets to display indicators in the monitor. p.225
Brightness Level Changes the brightness of the monitor. p.226
LCD Color Tuning Adjusts the color of the monitor. p.226
Video Out Sets the output format to the TV monitor. p.233
USB Connection*1 Sets the USB cable connection (PC or printer). p.208
Auto Power Off Sets the time to turn off automatically. p.233
Folder Name Sets the method used to assign folder names for storing images. p.230
File Name Sets the file name of the image to be saved. p.231
Select battery Sets battery priority for when battery grip is attached. p.234
Pixel Mapping Maps out and corrects for any defective pixels in the CMOS sensor. p.235
Dust Alert Detects dust adhering to the CMOS sensor. p.252
Dust Removal Cleans the CMOS sensor by shaking it. p.252
217
C
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*1 Refer to p.11 of the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3
Operating Manual” for details on connecting the camera to a PC.
*2 In USER mode, this is displayed instead of Reset.
Sensor Cleaning Locks the mirror in the up position for cleaning the CMOS sensor. p.254
Reset Resets all settings. p.238
Reset USER
setting*2 Resets the saved USER mode settings. p.240
Item Function Page
218
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Formatting the SD Memory Card
Use this camera to format (initialize) an SD Memory Card that is unused
or has been used on other cameras or digital devices.
Formatting will delete all the data on the SD Memory Card.
1 Select [Format] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Use the four-way controller (5) to display the Format
screen.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Format].
4 Press the 4 button.
Formatting starts. When formatting is
completed, the monitor turns off and the
camera is ready to take pictures.
• Do not open the card cover while formatting SD Memory Card. The card may
be damaged beyond use.
• Formatting will delete all data, either protected or unprotected. Be aware.
Format
Cancel
Format
Al l data deleted
OKOK
Formatting
MENU Cancel
219
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Setting the Beep Setting, Date and
Time, and Display Language
You can turn the camera operation beep on or off. The default setting is all
O (On).
There are five items that you can set: In-focus, AE Lock, | button, Selftimer and Remote Control.
1 Select [Beep] in the [R Set-up]
menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Select an item and use the four-way controller (45) to
select On or Off.
You can turn all the beeps off by selecting [Setting] and pressing the fourway controller (45).
Turning the Beep On and Off
MENU
USER
1/4
Set -up
Engl ishLanguage
Format
World Time
Date Adjust
Beep
Exi t
Beep
In- focus
AE-L
RAW
Self - t imer
Remote Contro l
MENU
Set t ing
220
C
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You can change the initial date and time settings. You can also set the
display style. Choose [mm/dd/yy], [dd/mm/yy] or [yy/mm/dd]. Choose
[12h] (12 hour) or [24h] (24 hour) for time display method.
Set in [Date Adjust] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
1Setting the Date and Time (p.48)
Changing the Date and Time and the Display
Style
24h
00 : 00
MENU OKOK
mm/dd/yy
2008/0101 /
Date Sty le
Date Adjust
Date
Time
Cancel
221
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The date and time selected in “Initial Settings” (p.45) serve as the date and
time of your present location.
Setting [World Time] enables you to display the local date and time on the
monitor when traveling overseas.
1 Select [World Time] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The World Time screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (45) to select X
(Destination) or W (Hometown).
This setting changes the date and time on the guide display screen.
4 Press the four-way controller (3).
The selection frame moves to X (Destination setting).
5 Press the four-way controller (5).
The screen for magnifying the Destination region appears.
Turn the rear e-dial to change the region to magnify.
6 Use the four-way controller
(45) to select the Destination
city.
The current time, location and time
difference of the selected city appears.
Setting the World Time
World Time
New York
New York
MENU 00:25
Dest inat ion
London
DST
MENU Cancel OKOK 05:25
+05:00
222
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7 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [DST].
8 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
Select O (On) if the Destination city uses daylight saving time (DST).
9 Press the 4 button.
The World Time setting is saved.
10 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
• See “List of World Time Cities” (p.223) for cities that can be specified as a
destination.
• Select W (Hometown setting) in Step 4 to set the city and DST setting.
• X appears on the guide display screen if World Time is set to X
(Destination). (p.22)
• When you change World Time, the Video Out (p.233) setting changes to the
default setting for that city.
MENU
World Time
London
New York
01:25
223
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List of World Time Cities
Region City Region City
North
America
Honolulu Africa/
West Asia
Dakar
Anchorage Algiers
Vancouver Johannesburg
San Francisco Istanbul
Los Angeles Cairo
Calgary Jerusalem
Denver Nairobi
Chicago Jeddah
Miami Tehran
Toronto Dubai
New York Karachi
Halifax Kabul
Central and
South
America
Mexico City Male
Lima Delhi
Santiago Colombo
Caracas Kathmandu
Buenos Aires Dacca
Sao Paulo East Asia Yangon
Rio de Janeiro Bangkok
Europe Lisbon Kuala Lumpur
Madrid Vientiane
London Singapore
Paris Phnom Penh
Amsterdam Ho chi Minh
Milan Jakarta
Rome Hong Kong
Copenhagen Beijing
Berlin Shanghai
Prague Manila
Stockholm Taipei
Budapest Seoul
Warsaw Tokyo
Athens Guam
Helsinki
Moscow
224
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You can change the language in which the menus, error messages, etc.
are displayed.
Set in [Language/ ] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
You can choose from 18 languages: English, French, German, Spanish,
Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Czech,
Hungarian, Turkish, Russian, Korean, Chinese (Traditional/Simplified)
and Japanese.
1 Setting the Display Language (p.45)
Region City
Oceania Perth
Adelaide
Sydney
Noumea
Wellington
Auckland
Pago Pago
Setting the Display Language
MENU OKCancel OK
225
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Adjusting the Monitor and the Menu
Display
You can set the size of the text selected in the menus to [Std.] (normal
display) or [Large] (magnified display).
Set in [Text Size] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
Set the length of time that the guides are displayed on the monitor when
the camera is turned on or the exposure mode is changed. (p.22)
Select from [Off], [3 sec], [10 sec] and [30 sec]. The default setting is
[3 sec].
Set in [Guide display] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
Setting the Text Size
Setting the Guide Display Time
NTSC
PC
0
Large
MENU
Guide d isplay
Text S ize Std.
Set -up
Br ightness Level
LCD Color Tuning
Video Out
USB Connect ion
OKOKCancel
PC
MENU
10sec
30sec
3sec
Guide d isplay
Text S ize Std.
Set -up
Br ightness Level
LCD Color Tuning
Video Out
USB Connect ion
Off
Cancel OKOK
226
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You can adjust the brightness of the monitor. Adjust settings when the
monitor is hard to see.
Set in [Brightness Level] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
Adjusts the color of the monitor.
1 Select [LCD Color Tuning] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to adjust toward G or M
and use the four-way controller (45) to adjust toward B
or A.
You can adjust the setting to one of 15 levels in each direction.
Press the Green button to reset the adjustment value.
4 Press the 4 button.
Adjusting the Brightness of the Monitor
Adjusting the Color of the Monitor (LCD Color
Tuning)
3sec
MENU
Guide d isplay
Text S ize Std.
Set -up
OKOKCancel
Br ightness Level 0
±0
±0
G1
MENU
LCD Color Tuning
OKCancel
G
B A
M
OK
227
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5 Press the 3 button.
The camera returns to the Capture or Playback mode.
You can perform the settings related to Instant Review and Digital Preview.
You can set the Instant Review display time and whether or not to display the
histogram and Bright/Dark area warning. The default settings are [1 sec] for
the display time and [Off] for the histogram and Bright/Dark area warning.
1 Select [Instant Review] in the [Q Playback] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The screen for setting the Instant Review
appears.
3 Press the four-way controller (5)
and use the four-way controller
(23) to select from [1 sec], [3
sec], [5 sec] or [Off].
Press the 4 button.
Adjust the value toward G or M to adjust the level of the green or magenta color
tone. Adjust the value toward B or A to adjust the level of the blue or amber
color tone.
Setting the Display for Instant Review, Live
View and Digital Preview
Setting the Instant Review
Instant Review
Display Time
Histogram
Bright /Dark area
MENU
1sec
Instant Review
Display Time
Histogram
Bright /Dark area
MENU
1sec
Off
3sec
5sec
OKOKCancel
228
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4 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Histogram].
5 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off) for [Histogram].
6 Use the four-way controller (3) to select [Bright/Dark
area].
7 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
8 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
You can set whether or not to display the grid and AF frame during Live
View. Neither is displayed by default.
1 Select [Live View] in the [Q Playback] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The screen for setting the Live View
appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to select an item and
use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
4 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera returns to the Capture or Playback mode.
Setting the Live View
Live View
Show Gr id
AF Frame Display
MENU
229
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You can set whether or not to display the histogram and Bright/Dark area
warning during Digital Preview. The default setting is [Off] for the
histogram and Bright/Dark area warning.
1 Select [Digital Preview] in the [Q Playback] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The screen for setting the Digital Preview
appears.
Proceed as from Step 4 in Instant
Review.
Setting the Digital Preview
Digi ta l Preview
Histogram
Bright /Dark area
MENU
230
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Setting the Image File Naming
Convention
You can select the method for assigning the folder names for storing
images. The default setting is [Date].
Set in [Folder Name] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
You can select the method for assigning the file number of an image when
saved to a new folder. Select O (On) or P (Off) for [File No.] in [Memory]
in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.236)
Selecting the Folder Name
Date
The two digits of the [month] and [day] on which the picture was taken
are assigned as the folder name in the form of [xxx_MMDD]. [xxx] is
a sequential number from 100 to 999.
(Example) 101_0125: for folders with pictures taken on January 25th
PENTX The folder name is assigned in the form of [xxxPENTX].(Example) 101PENTX
Selecting the File Number Setting
O (On)
The file number of the last image saved to the previous folder is saved
and subsequent images are assigned sequential file numbers even if
a new folder is created.
P (Off) The file number of the first image saved to a folder returns to 0001 each time a new folder is created for saving images.
When the number of storable images exceeds 500, captured images are divided into
folders of 500 images each. However, in Auto Bracket, images will be stored in the same
folder until shooting is completed, even if the number of images exceeds 500.
1min
Date
PENTX
MENU
Set -up
Folder Name
Auto Power Of f
F i le Name
Select bat tery
Pixel Mapping
Dust Aler t
OKOKCancel
231
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You can change the file names of images.
The default naming conventions for the color space (p.167) settings are as
follows.
[xxxx] indicates the file number. This is displayed as a four-digit sequential
number. (p.230)
For sRGB, you can change [IMGP] (4 characters) to the desired characters.
For AdobeRGB, of the 4 characters you selected, the first 3 are
automatically assigned in place of [IGP].
(Example) When set to [ABCDxxxx.JPG] files are named
[_ABCxxxx.JPG] for AdobeRGB
1 Select [File Name] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Press the four-way
controller (23) to
select [Change] and
press the four-way
controller (5).
The text palette screen
appears.
You can use the rear e-dial to move the text change cursor and use the
four-way controller (2345) to move the text selection cursor over the
text palette. Press the 4 button to enter the character selected with the
text selection cursor to the position of the text change cursor.
Setting the File Name
sRGB IMGPxxxx.JPG
AdobeRGB _IGPxxxx.JPG
sRGB
Fi le Name
AdobeRGB
IMGP0123
_
Change
Reset F i le Name
MENU
IGP0123
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X
_
Y Z
I M G P
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Fi le Name
MENU Fn OKCancel
Text selection
cursor
Text change
cursor
232
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4 After entering the desired characters, press the { button.
The text is changed.
5 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera returns to the Capture or Playback mode.
You can reset the file name to the default setting by selecting [Reset File
Name]. (p.241)
233
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Selecting the Video Output Format
and Power Settings
When you connect the camera to AV equipment such as a TV, choose the
appropriate video output format (NTSC or PAL) for playing back images.
Set in [Video Out] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
1 Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment (p.191)
You can set the camera to turn off automatically if unused after a certain
length of time. Select from [1 min], [3 min], [5 min], [10 min], [30 min] or
[Off]. The default setting is [1 min].
Set in [Auto Power Off] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.216)
Selecting the Video Output Format
The default video output format differs depending on the region. When you
change the region set in World Time, the Video Out setting changes to the
default setting for that city.
Setting Auto Power Off
Auto Power Off will not work during slideshow playback, USB connection, or
while using the AC adapter.
PAL
NTSC
0
MENU
Guide d isplay
Text S ize Std.
Set -up
Br ightness Level
LCD Color Tuning
Video Out
USB Connect ion
3 sec
OKOKCancel
1min
3min
5min
10min
30min
Off
Set -up
Folder Name
Auto Power Of f
F i le Name
Select bat tery
Pixel Mapping
Dust Aler t
MENU OKOKCancel
234
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You can set the battery priority to the camera or the battery grip when a
battery grip (p.256) is attached. The default setting is [Auto Select].
1 Select [Select battery] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The screen for selecting the battery
appears.
3 Press the four-way controller
(5).
Use the four-way controller (23) to
select from [Auto Select], [Body First] and
[Grip First].
4 Press the 4 button.
5 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
Selecting a Battery
Auto Select Priority is given to the battery with the most remaining power.
Body First/Grip First Priority is given to the selected battery.
• If the battery is inserted into both the body and grip, the battery levels of both
are checked when the power is turned on. Regardless of the [Select Battery]
setting, both batteries are slightly used.
• When the currently selected battery runs out as a result of the check, [Battery
depleted] appears on the monitor. Turn the camera off and on again, and the
camera will switch to the remaining battery.
• You can check the battery usage condition on the detailed information
display in Capture mode. (p.24)
Select bat tery
Auto Select
MENU
Body Fi rst
Gr ip F i rst
MENU
Select bat tery
Auto Select
OKOKCancel
235
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Using Pixel Mapping
Pixel mapping is a function for mapping out and correcting for defective
pixels in the CMOS sensor.
1 Select [Pixel Mapping] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
3 Press the four-way controller (23) to select [Pixel
Mapping] and press the 4 button.
Defective pixels are mapped and corrected.
When the battery level is low, [Not enough battery remaining to activate Pixel
Mapping] is displayed on the monitor. Use the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional)
or use a battery with ample capacity remaining.
Pixel Mapping
Cancel
Pixe l Mapping
For checking the image
sensor assembly to make
adjustments
OKOK
236
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Selecting Capture Mode Settings to
Save in the Camera
You can select which settings to save when the camera is turned off.
The following settings can be saved: Flash mode, Drive mode, White
Balance, Sensitivity, EV Compensation, Flash Exp. Comp., Auto Bracket,
Playback Display and File No. The default setting is all [On].
1 Select [Memory] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller
(5).
The memory screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose an item.
4 Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
5 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
[File No.] sets whether to save a sequential number for the file name. See
“Selecting the File Number Setting” (p.230).
Memory
Flash Mode
Dr ive Mode
White Balance
Flash Exp. Comp.
Sensi t iv i ty
EV Compensat ion
MENU 1/2
11Resetting to Default
Settings
Resets the camera settings.
Resetting Rec. Mode/Playback/Set-up Menu ...238
Resetting the Custom Function Menu ..............239
Resetting Other Settings ...................................240
238
R
esetting to D
efault
Settings
11
Resetting Rec. Mode/Playback/Setup Menu
Settings in [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu and [R Set-up]
menu can be reset to default settings.
However, Date Adjust, Language/ , Video Out, Text Size and the
World Time city setting are not reset.
When the exposure mode is set to USER, [Reset USER setting] (p.240) is
displayed. Set the mode dial to any setting other than A.
1 Select [Reset] in the [R Set-up] menu.
2 Use the four-way controller (5) to display the Reset
screen.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Reset].
4 Press the 4 button.
The settings are reset and the camera is ready to take or play back
images.
Back to in i t ia l set t ings
Reset
Cancel
Reset
OKOK
239
R
esetting to D
efault
Settings
11
Resetting the Custom Function Menu
Reset settings in [A Custom Setting] menu to default settings.
Settings in [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu and [R Set-up]
menu are not reset.
1 Select [Reset Custom Function] in the [A Custom Setting]
menu.
2 Use the four-way controller (5) to display the Reset
Custom Function screen.
3 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Reset].
4 Press the 4 button.
The settings are reset and the camera is ready to take or play back
images.
C Reset Custom Funct ion
Returns the custom
funct ion set t ings
to in i t ia l set t ings
Cancel
Reset
OKOK
240
R
esetting to D
efault
Settings
11
Resetting Other Settings
You can reset saved USER mode settings to their default settings.
1 Set the mode dial to A.
2 Select [Reset USER setting] in the [R Set-up] menu.
3 Use the four-way controller (5)
to display the Reset USER
setting screen.
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Reset].
5 Press the 4 button.
The saved settings are reset and the camera is ready to take or play back
images.
Resetting Saved USER Settings
Reset USER set t ing
Cancel
Reset
Returns USER set t ings to
in i t ia l set t ings
OKOK
241
R
esetting to D
efault
Settings
11
If you changed the file name setting (p.231), you can reset this to the
default setting.
1 Select [File Name] in the [R Set-up] menu and press the
four-way controller (5).
2 Press the four-way controller (23) to select [Reset File
Name] and press the four-way controller (5).
3 Press the four-way controller (23) to select [Reset] and
press the 4 button.
The file name is reset.
4 Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take or play back images.
You can delete the adjustment value saved with AF Adjustment (p.106).
1 Select [35. AF Adjustment] in the [A Custom Setting]
menu and press the four-way controller (5).
2 Press the four-way controller (23) to select [On] and
press the four-way controller (5).
The AF Adjustment screen appears.
3 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Reset] and
press the four-way controller (5).
4 Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Reset] and
press the 4 button.
The saved adjustment value is deleted and the camera is ready to take
or play back images.
Resetting the File Name
Resetting the Saved AF Adjustment Value
Memo
242
12Appendix
Default Settings ..................................................244
Functions Available with Various Lens
Combinations .....................................................249
Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring] ..................251
Cleaning the CMOS Sensor ...............................252
Optional Accessories .........................................256
Error Messages ..................................................261
Troubleshooting .................................................264
Main Specifications ............................................266
Glossary ..............................................................270
Index ....................................................................275
WARRANTY POLICY ..........................................280
244
A
ppendix
12
Default Settings
The table below lists the factory default settings.
Table notations are as follows.
The current setting (last memory) is saved when the camera is turned off.
Reset Setting
Yes : The setting returns to the default setting with the reset function
(p.237).
No : The setting is saved even after reset.
[A Rec. Mode] Menu
* Appears only when Mode dial is set to A (USER).
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
Exposure Mode* e (Hyper-program) Yes p.133
JPEG Recorded Pixels X (4672×3104) Yes p.156
JPEG Quality C (Best) Yes p.157
File Format JPEG Yes p.158
RAW file format PEF Yes p.158
Extended
Bracket
Type Off Yes
p.131White Balance BA ±1 Yes
Saturation/Hue/
Contrast/Sharpness ±1 Yes
Multiexposure
Number of shots Off Yes
p.103
Auto EV Adjust P (Off) Yes
Interval
Shooting
Interval 1 sec Yes
p.120
Number of Shots 1 Yes
Start Trigger Now Yes
Start Time 0:00 Yes
Color Space sRGB Yes p.167
RAW button
Cancel each time O (On) Yes
p.159JPEG/RAW/RAW+
File Format All RAW+ Yes
Memory All O (On) Yes p.236
Input Focal Length 35 (Focal Length) Yes p.67
245
A
ppendix
12
[Q Playback] Menu
[R Set-up] Menu
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
Playback
display
Bright/Dark area P (Off) Yes
p.184
Quick Zoom P (Off) Yes
Instant
Review
Display Time 1 sec Yes
p.227Histogram P (Off) Yes
Bright/Dark area P (Off) Yes
Live View
Show Grid P (Off) Yes
p.228
AF Frame Display P (Off) Yes
Digital
Preview
Histogram P (Off) Yes
p.229
Bright/Dark area P (Off) Yes
Slideshow
Interval 3 sec Yes
p.181
Repeat Playback P (Off) Yes
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
USER — Yes*1 p.133
Format — — p.218
Beep All O (On) Yes p.219
Date Adjust According to default setting No p.220
World Time
World Time setting W (Hometown) Yes
p.221
Hometown (City) According to default setting No
Hometown (DST) According to default setting No
Destination (City) Same as Hometown No
Destination (DST) Same as Hometown No
Language/
According to default
setting No p.224
Text Size
According to default
setting No p.225
Guide display 3 sec Yes p.225
Brightness Level ±0 Yes p.226
246
A
ppendix
12
*1 Reset only for [Reset USER setting] displayed when Mode dial is set to A (USER).
*2 Reset only for [Reset File Name] in the [File Name] menu.
[A Custom Setting] Menu
LCD Color Tuning ±0 Yes p.226
Video Out According to default setting No p.233
USB Connection PC Yes p.208
Auto Power Off 1 min Yes p.233
Folder Name Date Yes p.230
File Name IMGP Yes*2 p.231
Select battery Auto Select Yes p.234
Pixel Mapping — — p.235
Dust Alert — — p.252
Dust
Removal
Dust Removal — —
p.252
Start-up action P (Off) Yes
Sensor Cleaning — — p.254
Reset — — p.238
Reset USER setting — — p.240
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
Settings P (Off) Yes p.73
1. Program Line Normal Yes p.82
2. EV Steps 1/2 EV Steps Yes p.101
3. Sensitivity Steps 1 EV Steps Yes p.78
4. Expand sensitivity Off Yes p.78
5. Meter Operating Time 10 sec Yes p.99
6. AE-L with AF locked Off Yes p.110
7. Link AF Point and AE Off Yes p.99
8. One-Push Bracketing Off Yes p.130
9. Auto Bracketing order 0 - + Yes p.129
10. Auto EV Compensation Off Yes –
11. WB when using flash Unchanged Yes p.161
12. WB Adjustable Range Auto Adjustment Yes p.161
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
247
A
ppendix
12
*1 The saved adjustment value is reset only for [Reset] in the [35. AF Adjustment] menu.
*2 The [A Custom Setting] menu settings are reset.
13. AF Button Function Enable AF Yes p.112
14. AF by Press Halfway On Yes –
15. Superimpose AF Area On Yes p.107
16. AF in remote control Off Yes p.74
17. Slow Shutter Speed NR Auto Yes p.80
18. High-ISO Noise Reduction Off Yes p.80
19. Color temp. steps Kelvin Yes p.166
20. e-dial in Program Front: b Rear: c Yes –
21. e-dial in K mode Front: — Rear: o Yes –
22. e-dial in b mode Front: b Rear: — Yes –
23. e-dial in c mode Front: — Rear: c Yes –
24. e-dial in L & a Front: b Rear: c Yes –
25. e-dial in p & M Front: — Rear: c Yes –
26. Green button inL & a Program Line Yes p.92, p.95
27. Illuminate LCD panel On Yes p.29
28. Release when Charging Off Yes p.137
29. Flash in Wireless Mode On Yes p.146
30. Preview Method Live View Yes p.113
31. Display Sensitivity Off Yes –
32. Saving rotation info On Yes –
33. Auto Image Rotation On Yes –
34. Catch-in focus Off Yes p.112
35. AF Adjustment Off Yes*1 p.106
36. Using aperture ring Prohibited Yes p.251
Reset Custom Function*2 — — p.239
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
248
A
ppendix
12
Fn Menu
*1 Automatically discharged in Green Mode.
*2 [Bright] when [Language/ ] is set to a language other than Japanese.
*3 The filter color and frequency settings can be saved or reset.
Item Default Setting ResetSetting Page
Drive Mode 9 (Single frame shooting) Yes
p.117,
p.122,
p.125
Flash Mode E (Flash On)*1 Yes p.60
White Balance F (Auto) Yes p.160
ISO Sensitivity AUTO(ISO 100 - 400) Yes p.78
Custom Image Natural *2 Yes p.154
DPOF Settings — No p.204
Digital Filter*3 B&W Yes p.194
Slideshow 3 sec Yes p.179
RAW Display
Recorded Pixels: 14.6 M
Quality Level: C
Sensitivity: ±0
Yes p.197
Image Comparison — — p.178
249
A
ppendix
12
Functions Available with Various
Lens Combinations
Lenses that can be used with this camera
Only DA and FA J lenses and D FA/FA/F/A lenses having an s position
on the aperture ring can be used with this camera. Refer to Notes on [36.
Using Aperture Ring] (p.251) for other lenses and D FA/FA/F/A lenses with
aperture ring set to a position other than s.
Yes : Functions are available when the aperture ring is set to the s position.
No : Functions are unavailable.
*1 Lenses with a maximum aperture of f/2.8 or brighter. Only available at s position.
*2 Lenses with a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or brighter.
*3 To use an F/FA soft 85 mm f/2.8 lens or FA soft 28 mm f/2.8 lens, set [36. Using aperture
ring] (p.75) to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. Pictures can be taken with the
aperture you set, but only within manual aperture range.
*4 When using the built-in flash and AF540FGZ/AF360FGZ/AF200FG.
*5 The AF point becomes O (Center).
*6 Only available with KAF2 mount FA lenses.
Lens [Mount type]
Function
DA/D FA/
FA J/FA lens
[KAF, KAF2] *3
F lens
[KAF]*3
A lens
[KA]
Autofocus (Lens only) Yes Yes —
(With AF adapter 1.7×)*1 — — Yes*5
Manual focus
(With the focus indicator)*2 Yes Yes Yes
(With Matte field) Yes Yes Yes
Eleven AF points Yes Yes No*5
Power zoom Yes*6 — —
Aperture Priority Automatic Exposure Yes Yes Yes
Shutter Priority Automatic Exposure Yes Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Yes Yes Yes
P-TTL Auto Flash*4 Yes Yes Yes
Multi (16-segment) metering Yes Yes Yes
Automatic lens focal length acquirement
when using the Shake Reduction
function
Yes Yes No
250
A
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12
Lens names and mount names
DA lenses with an ultrasonic motor and FA zoom lenses with power zoom
use the KAF2 mount.
FA prime lenses (non-zoom lenses), DA lenses without ultrasonic motors
and D FA, FA J and F lenses use the KAF mount.
See the lens manual for details.
Lenses and accessories that cannot be used with this camera
When aperture ring is set at other than the s (Auto) position or a lens
without an s position or accessories such as an auto extension tube or
auto bellows are used, camera does not operate unless [36. Using
aperture ring] (p.75) is set to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
Refer to Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring] (p.251) for restriction that
apply when [36. Using aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in the [A Custom
Setting] menu.
All camera exposure modes are available when using DA/FA J or lenses
with an Aperture s position set to the s position.
Lens and Built-in Flash
The built-in flash cannot be regulated and fully fires when pre A lenses or
soft focus lenses are used.
Note that the built-in flash cannot be used as an Auto Flash.
251
A
ppendix
12
Notes on [36. Using Aperture Ring]
Aperture Ring Use
When [36. Using aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in [A Custom Setting]
menu (p.75), the shutter can be released even if the aperture ring of the
D FA, FA, F or A lens is not set to the s position or a lens without a s
position is attached. However, the features will be restricted as shown in
the table below.
The camera operates in c (Aperture Priority) mode even if the mode dial is at
B, e, K, b or L when the aperture is set to a value other than s.
Lens Used Exposure Mode Restriction
D FA, FA, F, A, M (lens
only or with auto
diaphragm accessories
such as auto extension
tube K)
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
The aperture remains open
regardless of the aperture ring
position. The shutter speed
changes in relation to the open
aperture but an exposure error may
occur. In the viewfinder, [F--]
appears for the aperture indicator.
D FA, FA, F, A, M, S (with
diaphragm accessories
such as extension tube K)
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
Pictures can be taken with the
specified aperture value but an
exposure error may occur. In the
viewfinder, [F--] appears for the
aperture indicator.
Manual diaphragm lens
such as reflex lens (lens
only)
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
FA, F soft 85mm FA soft
28mm (lens only)
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
Pictures can be taken with the
specified aperture value in the
manual aperture range. In the
viewfinder, [F--] appears for the
aperture indicator. When depth of
field is checked (Optical Preview),
AE Metering is switched on.
Exposure check is possible.
All lenses a (Hyper-manual) mode
Pictures can be taken with the set
aperture value and shutter speed.
In the viewfinder, [F--] appears for
the aperture indicator. When depth
of field is checked (Optical
Preview), AE Metering is switched
on. Exposure check is possible.
252
A
ppendix
12
Cleaning the CMOS Sensor
Shadows may appear in the image for white backgrounds and other
shooting conditions if the CMOS sensor becomes dirty or dusty. This
indicates that the CMOS sensor must be cleaned.
The Dust Removal function shakes the CMOS sensor to remove dust that
has collected.
1 Select [Dust Removal] in the
[R Set-up] menu and press the
four-way controller (5).
2 Press the 4 button.
The Dust Removal function is activated by shaking the CMOS sensor.
Select [Start-up action] and use the four-way controller (45) to select
O (On) to turn Dust Removal on every time the camera is turned on.
Dust Alert is a function that detects dust adhering to the CMOS sensor and
visually displays the location of the dust.
You can save the detected image and display it when performing sensor
cleaning (p.254).
Be sure to have a lens attached when using the Dust Alert function.
Removing Dust by Shaking the CMOS Sensor
Detecting Dust on the CMOS Sensor (Dust
Alert)
Dust Removal
Dust Removal
Star t -up act ion
MENU Star tOK
253
A
ppendix
12
1 Select [Dust Alert] in the [R Setup] menu.
2 Press the four-way controller (5).
3 Point the lens at a white wall or
other uniform surface and press
the shutter release button fully.
After image processing is performed, the
Dust Alert screen appears.
4 Press the 4 button.
The image is saved and Dust Alert is exited.
• The exposure time may be extremely long when using the Dust Alert
function. Note that if the direction of the lens is changed before processing is
complete, dust will not be detected properly.
• The Dust Alert image can only be displayed during sensor cleaning within 30
minutes from the time the image is saved. If 30 minutes elapse, save a new
Dust Alert image and then perform sensor cleaning.
• The saved Dust Alert image cannot be displayed in Playback mode.
• Dust Alert image cannot be saved when an SD Memory Card is not inserted.
• If [NG] is displayed in Step 3 and the camera is unable to detect dust, press
the 4 button and take another picture.
• Regardless of the camera settings, a picture will be taken with specific
shooting conditions in Step 3.
• When using a lens with an aperture ring, make sure the aperture ring is set
to the s position.
• Press the M button or turn the rear e-dial when displaying the Dust Alert
image to view it at full screen display.
1min
IMGP
DateFolder Name
Auto Power Of f
F i le Name
Select bat tery
Pixel Mapping
Dust Aler t
MENU 3/4
Set -up
Cancel
Exi tOKx1
254
A
ppendix
12
Raise the mirror up and open the shutter to clean with a blower. Please
contact PENTAX Service Center for professional cleaning because the
CMOS sensor is a precision part. Cleaning services involve a fee.
You can use the Imagesensor Cleaning Kit O-ICK1 (optional) when
cleaning the CMOS.
1 Turn the camera off and remove the lens.
2 Turn the camera on.
3 Select [Sensor Cleaning] in the [R Set-up] menu.
Removing Dust with a Blower
• Do not use a spray type blower.
• Do not clean the sensor when the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb) mode.
• Always cap the lens mount area to prevent dirt and dust from accumulating
on the CMOS sensor when no lens is on the camera.
• When the battery level is low, [Not enough battery remaining to clean sensor]
is displayed on the monitor.
• If you are not using the AC adapter D-AC50, please use a battery with ample
capacity remaining. If the battery capacity becomes low during cleaning, a
message will be displayed on the monitor and a warning beep will sound.
Please stop cleaning immediately.
• Do not put the tip of the blower inside the lens mount area. If the power is
turned off, this could cause damage to the shutter, CMOS sensor or the
mirror.
• It is recommended to use the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional) when cleaning
the sensor.
• The self-timer lamp blinks and [Cln] appears on the LCD panel while cleaning
the sensor.
• This camera features a CMOS sensor shifting shake reduction system, and
it may generate a vibration sound while cleaning the CMOS sensor. It is not
a malfunction.
255
A
ppendix
12
4 Press the four-way controller (5).
The Sensor Cleaning screen appears.
5 Use the four-way controller
(23) to select [Mirror Up].
6 Press the 4 button.
The mirror is locked in the up position.
If you used Dust Alert to detect dust on the sensor within the last 30
minutes, the Dust Alert image appears on the monitor. Clean the sensor
while checking the location of the dust.
7 Clean the CMOS sensor.
Use a brush-less blower to remove dirt
and dust from the CMOS sensor. Using a
blower with a brush may scratch the
CMOS sensor. Do not wipe the CMOS
sensor with a cloth.
8 Turn off the camera.
9 Attach the lens after the mirror returns to its original
position.
Sensor Cleaning
Cancel
Mirror Up
OKOK
Starts mirror lockup to clean
the sensor. Turn the power off
to f inish
256
A
ppendix
12
Optional Accessories
A number of dedicated accessories are available for this camera. Please
contact a PENTAX Service Center for details regarding accessories.
Products marked with an asterisk (*) are the same as those supplied with
the camera.
The Battery Grip has features such as a shutter release button, front edial, rear e-dial, and L button to accommodate shooting vertically.
AC Adapter D-AC50
Lets you power your camera with the
outlet when combined with the AC plug
cord.
Battery Charger D-BC50 (*)
Rechargeable Lithium-ion Battery DLI50 (*)
AC plug cord (*)
Battery Grip D-BG2
Power Supply Accessories
257
A
ppendix
12
Auto Flash AF540FGZ
Auto Flash AF360FGZ
The AF540FGZ and AF360FGZ are P-TTL auto flash units with a
maximum guide number of approximately 54 and approximately 36 (ISO
100/m), respectively. Their features include slave-sync flash, contrastcontrol-sync flash, auto flash, high-speed sync flash, wireless flash, slowspeed sync and trailing curtain sync flash.
Auto Flash AF200FG
The AF200FG is a P-TTL auto flash unit with a maximum guide number of
approximately 20 (ISO 100/m). It features contrast-control-sync flash and
slow-speed sync flash when combined with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ
unit.
Hot Shoe Adapter FG
Extension Cord F5P
Off-camera Shoe Adapter F
Use the adapters and cords to use the external flash away from the camera.
Flash Accessories
AF540FGZ AF360FGZ AF200FG
Hot Shoe Adapter FG Off-camera Shoe Adapter F
258
A
ppendix
12
Off-camera Shoe Clip CL-10
When using the AF540FGZ or
AF360FGZ as a wireless flash, this
large clip is used for setting the external
flash on a desk or table.
Magnifier Eyecup O-ME53
This viewfinder accessory is for
magnifying up to 1.18 times.
When the eyecup is attached to the
u with a viewfinder magnification
of 0.95 times, the combined
magnification becomes 1.12 times,
making manual focusing much easier.
Magnifier FB
This viewfinder accessory is for
magnifying the central area of the
viewfinder 2×.
You can see the entire view by simply
flipping up the accessory from the eyepiece, as it is a hinge-type magnifier.
Ref-converter A
This is an accessory that changes the
viewfinder viewing angle at 90°
intervals. The viewfinder magnification
can be switched between 1× and 2×.
Diopter correction lens adapter M
This accessory adjusts the diopter.
Install it on the viewfinder.
If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image
clearly, choose one of the eight
correction lens adapter M of
approximately –5 to +3 m-1 (per meter).
For Viewfinder
259
A
ppendix
12
ME Viewfinder Cap (*)
Eyecup FP (*)
LF-80: AF Frame Matte (standard)
LL-80: AF Divided Matte
LI-80: AF Scale Matte
Connect to the cable switch terminal
and operate the camera shutter release
button. The cord length is 0.5 m.
Lets you shoot pictures from within 5 m
of the front or back of the camera.
Interchangeable Focusing Screen
Cable Switch CS-205
Remote Control F
260
A
ppendix
12
Camera Case O-CC55
Camera Strap O-ST53 (*)
Clean the optical parts such as the
CMOS sensor and lens of this camera.
Body Mount Cap K
Hot Shoe Cover FK (*)
USB Cable I-USB17 (*)
Video Cable I-VC28 (*)
Sync Socket 2P Cap (*)
Camera Case/Strap
Imagesensor Cleaning Kit O-ICK1
Others
261
A
ppendix
12
Error Messages
Error Message Description
Memory card full
The SD Memory Card is full and no more images
can be saved. Insert a new SD Memory Card or
delete unwanted images. (p.40, p.70)
You may be able to save new images by
converting to JPEG format or changing the JPEG
record pixels or JPEG quality setting. (p.156,
p.157)
No image There are no images for playback on the SD Memory Card.
Camera cannot display this
image
You are trying to play back an image in a format
not supported by this camera. You may be able
to play it back on another brand of camera or
your computer.
No card in the camera The SD Memory Card is not inserted in the camera. (p.40)
Memory card error
The SD Memory Card has a problem, and image
capture and playback are impossible. It may be
viewable on a PC but not with this camera.
Card not formatted
The SD Memory Card you have inserted is
unformatted or has been formatted on a
computer or other device and is not compatible
with this camera. Use the card after formatting it
with this camera. (p.218)
Card locked A locked SD Memory Card is inserted in the camera. Unlock the SD Memory Card. (p.41)
The card is electronically
locked
Data is protected by the SD Memory Card
security feature.
This image cannot be enlarged You are trying to enlarge an image that cannot be enlarged.
This image is protected
You are trying to delete an image that is
protected. Remove protection from the image.
(p.189)
Battery depleted The battery is exhausted. Install a charged battery in the camera. (p.35)
Not enough battery remaining
to clean sensor
Appears during sensor cleaning if the battery
level is insufficient. Replace the battery with a
charged one or use an AC adaptor D-AC50
(optional). (p.39)
262
A
ppendix
12
Not enough battery remaining
to activate Pixel Mapping
Appears during pixel mapping if the battery level
is insufficient. Replace the battery with a charged
one or use an AC adaptor D-AC50 (optional).
(p.39)
Image folder cannot be
created
The maximum folder number (999) and file
number (9999) are being used, and no more
images can be saved. Insert a new SD Memory
Card or format the card. (p.218)
The image is not stored The image could not be saved because of an SD Memory Card error.
Settings not stored
The DPOF settings or rotated image could not be
saved because SD Memory Card is full. Delete
unwanted images and perform DPOF settings or
rotation again. (p.70)
NG
The camera was unable to measure the manual
white balance or detect dust on the sensor. Try
the operation again. (p.163, p.252)
Rotation information cannot
be saved to this image
New rotation information cannot be saved to an
image without rotation information.
No more images can be
selected
You cannot select 100 or more images to delete
or edit at a time. (p.186, p.198)
This RAW file cannot be
developed
RAW files captured with other cameras cannot
be edited on this camera.
This image cannot be filtered Appears when digital filter is started from Fn menu for images captured with other cameras.
No DPOF files No file set with DPOF. Set DPOF and then print. (p.204)
Printer error
There is an error with the printer and the file
cannot be printed. Fix all the errors and try
printing again.
No paper in the printer Printer has run out of paper. Put paper in the printer and print.
Printer settings are changed
The camera received notification that the printer
status has changed. Press the 4 button to
reconnect to the printer.
Low paper level in the printer
Printer is running out of paper. This appears
when this signal is received from the printer. After
two seconds, the printer resumes printing.
Low ink level in the printer
Printer is running out of ink. This appears when
this signal is received from the printer. After two
seconds, the printer resumes printing.
Error Message Description
263
A
ppendix
12
No ink in the printer Printer has run out of ink. Replace ink and print.
Paper stuck in the printer Paper is jammed in the printer. Remove paper and print.
Data error A data error has occurred during printing.
Turn the power off This appears when exiting the PictBridge mode. Turn the main switch off.
Error Message Description
264
A
ppendix
12
Troubleshooting
We recommend checking the following items before contacting a service
center.
Problem Cause Remedy
The camera
does not turn
on The battery is not
installed
Check if a battery is installed. If not, install a
charged battery.
The battery power
is low
Replace with a charged battery or use the
AC adapter D-AC50 (optional). (p.39)
The shutter
does not
release
The lens aperture
ring setting is other
than the s position
Set the lens aperture ring to the s position
(p.84) or select [Permitted] in [36. Using
aperture ring] in the [A Custom Setting]
menu (p.251).
The flash is
charging Wait until charging is finished.
There is no available
space on the SD
Memory Card
Insert an SD Memory Card with available
space or delete unwanted images. (p.40,
p.70)
Recording Wait until recording is finished.
The
Autofocus
does not work
The subject is
difficult to focus on
Autofocus cannot focus well on subjects that
have low contrast (the sky, white walls), dark
colors, intricate designs, rapidly-moving objects
or scenery shot through a window or a net-like
pattern. Lock focus on another object located at
the same distance as your subject (press the
shutter release button halfway), then aim at
target and press the shutter release button fully.
Alternatively, use manual focus. (p.110)
The subject is not
in the focusing
area
Position the subject in the focus frame in the
middle of the viewfinder. If the subject is
outside the focusing area, aim the camera
at the subject and lock the focus (press the
shutter release button halfway), then
compose a picture and press the shutter
release button fully.
The subject is too
close
Move away from the subject and take a
picture.
The focus mode is
set to Set the focus mode lever to l (Single
mode). (p.104)
The focus mode is
set to k
(Continuous mode)
Autofocus is not locked (focus lock) when
the focus mode is set to k. The camera
will continue focusing on the subject while
the shutter release button is pressed
halfway. If there is a subject that you wish to
focus on, slide the focus mode lever to l
and use the focus lock.
265
A
ppendix
12
In rare cases, the camera may not operate correctly due to static electricity. This
can be remedied by taking the battery out and putting it back in again. When the
mirror remains in the up position, take the battery out and put it back in again.
Then, turn the power on. The mirror will retract. After the procedure is done, if the
camera operates correctly, it does not require any repairs.
* Refer to p.11 of the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory
3 Operating Manual” for details on connecting the camera to a PC.
AE lock
function does
not operate
AE lock is not
available when set
to B (Green), p
(Bulb) or M (Flash
X-sync speed)
mode
Use AE lock with any setting other than B
(Green), p (Bulb) or M (Flash X-sync
speed) mode.
The flash
does not
discharge
The Capture mode
is set to B (Green)
mode
Only C (Auto discharge) and D (Auto
flash+Redeye reduct) are available for the
Flash Mode when the Capture mode is B.
The flash will not discharge when the subject
is bright in these modes. In the Capture modes
other than B, only the flash mode that
discharges every time the flash recharges is
available. Try different Capture modes.
The USB
connection with
a computer
does not work
properly*
The Transfer Mode
is set to
[PictBridge]
Set [USB Connection] in the [R Set-up]
menu to [PC].
The USB
connection
with a printer
does not work
properly
The Transfer Mode
is set to [PC]
Set [USB Connection] in the [R Set-up]
menu to [PictBridge]. (p.208)
Shake
Reduction
does not work
The Shake
Reduction function
is off
Turn on the Shake Reduction switch.
The Shake
Reduction function
is not set properly
If a lens for which focal length information
cannot be acquired is used, set the [Focal
Length] on the [Input Focal Length] menu.
(p.67)
Shutter speed is
too low for the
Shake Reduction
function to be
effective when
panning or
shooting night
scenes, etc.
Turn off the Shake Reduction function and
use a tripod.
The subject is too
close
Move away from the subject, or turn off the
Shake Reduction function and use a tripod.
Problem Cause Remedy
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Main Specifications
Number of Shots
Type TTL autofocus, auto-exposure SLR digital-still camera with built-in retractable P-TTL flash
Effective Pixels Approx. 14.6 megapixels
Sensor Total pixels approx. 15.07 megapixels, CMOS with a primary color filter
Recorded Pixels
X (RAW: 4672×3104 pixels), X (JPEG: 4672×3104
pixels), J (3872×2592 pixels), P (3008×2000 pixels),
i (1824×1216 pixels)
Sensitivity
(Standard output
sensitivity)
Auto, ISO 100 to 3200 (Standard output sensitivity) (EV steps
can be set to 1 EV, 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV), ISO 6400 is available
with the custom function setting, up to ISO 1600 is available
during p
File Format
RAW (PEF/DNG), JPEG (Exif 2.21), DCF 2.0 compliant,
DPOF compatible, Print Image Matching III compatible,
RAW+JPEG simultaneous capturing compatible
JPEG Quality Z (Premium), C (Best), D (Better), and E (Good)
Storage Medium SD Memory Card, SDHC Memory Card
Recorded
Pixels
File Format/
JPEG Quality
Capacity
4GB 2GB 1GB 512MB 256MB 128MB
X
4672×3104
| (PEF) Approx. 162 Approx. 82 Approx. 40 Approx. 20 Approx. 10 Approx. 5
| (DNG) Approx. 161 Approx. 82 Approx. 40 Approx. 20 Approx. 10 Approx. 5
X
4672×3104
Z Approx. 272 Approx. 138 Approx. 68 Approx. 34 Approx. 17 Approx. 8
C Approx. 469 Approx. 239 Approx. 117 Approx. 58 Approx. 29 Approx. 15
D Approx. 843 Approx. 429 Approx. 212 Approx. 105 Approx. 53 Approx. 27
E Approx. 1630 Approx. 830 Approx. 411 Approx. 205 Approx. 103 Approx. 53
J
3872×2592
Z Approx. 404 Approx. 206 Approx. 101 Approx. 50 Approx. 25 Approx. 13
C Approx. 674 Approx. 343 Approx. 168 Approx. 84 Approx. 42 Approx. 21
D Approx. 1183 Approx. 602 Approx. 296 Approx. 148 Approx. 74 Approx. 38
E Approx. 2463 Approx. 1254 Approx. 616 Approx. 308 Approx. 155 Approx. 79
P
3008×2000
Z Approx. 705 Approx. 359 Approx. 176 Approx. 88 Approx. 44 Approx. 22
C Approx. 1138 Approx. 579 Approx. 285 Approx. 142 Approx. 71 Approx. 36
D Approx. 1946 Approx. 991 Approx. 491 Approx. 245 Approx. 123 Approx. 63
E Approx. 3657 Approx. 1862 Approx. 915 Approx. 457 Approx. 230 Approx. 118
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JPEG Quality (Compression): Z (Premium) = 1/2.8, C (Best) = 1/4.5, D (Better)
= 1/8, E (Good) = 1/16
Recorded
Pixels
File Format/
JPEG Quality
Capacity
4GB 2GB 1GB 512MB 256MB 128MB
i 1824×1216
Z Approx. 1828 Approx. 931 Approx. 461 Approx. 230 Approx. 116 Approx. 59
C Approx. 2943 Approx. 1499 Approx. 737 Approx. 368 Approx. 185 Approx. 95
D Approx. 4827 Approx. 2458 Approx. 1233 Approx. 616 Approx. 310 Approx. 159
E Approx. 8620 Approx. 4390 Approx. 2238 Approx. 1118 Approx. 564 Approx. 289
White Balance
Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Fluorescent Light (D: Daylight,
N: Neutral White, W: White), Tungsten Light, Flash, Manual,
Color Temperature (3 types), fine tuning available
Monitor 2.7 inch wide viewing field TFT color LCD with approx. 230,000 dots, brightness adjustment function, color adjusting function
Playback Function
Single frame, 4-image display, 9-image display, 16-image
display, zoom display (up to 32 times, scrolling possible), image
comparison, rotating, folder display, slideshow, histogram,
bright/dark area
Digital Filter B&W, Sepia, Color, Extract Color, Soft, Illustration, HDR, Slim, Brightness (only for processing after shooting)
Exposure Mode
A, Green, e Hyper-program, K Sensitivity priority,
b Shutter priority, c Aperture priority, L Shutter & Aperture
priority, a Hyper-manual, p Bulb, M Flash X-sync speed
Shutter
Electronically controlled vertical-run focal-plane shutter, Speed
range (1) Auto 1/4000 to 30 sec. (stepless), (2) Manual 1/4000
to 30 sec. (1/2 EV step or 1/3 EV step), Bulb, Electromagnetic
release, Shutter lock by setting Main switch in OFF position.
Lens Mount PENTAX KAF2 bayonet mount (AF coupler, lens information contacts, K-mount with power contacts)
Lens Used PENTAX KAF2 mount lenses (power zoom compatible), KAF mount lenses, KA mount lenses
Autofocus System
TTL phase-matching autofocus system (SAFOX VIII), AF
operational brightness range: EV –1 to 18 (at ISO 100 with f/1.4
lens), Focus lock available, Focus Mode: l (Single)/k
(Continuous)/\, Adjustable AF point
Viewfinder
Pentaprism Finder, Interchangeable Natural-Bright-Matte II
focusing screen, Field of view: approx. 95%, Magnification:
approx. 0.95× (with 50 mm f/1.4 lens at ∞), Diopter: approx.
–2.5m-1 to +1.5m-1 (per meter)
Viewfinder Indication
Focus information: ] is lit when in-focus and blinking when
unable to focus, b is lit = Built-in flash ready, b is blinking =
Flash should be used or incompatible lens is being used, Shutter
speed, Confirm Sensitivity, Aperture value, e-dial enabled
indicator, @ = AE lock, Capacity remaining, m = EV
compensation, N = Flash compensation, = Manual focus,
Shake Reduction display, EV bar, RAW/RAW+
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12
LCD Panel Display
b is lit = Built-in flash ready, b is blinking = Flash should be
used or incompatible lens is being used, 3 = Auto discharge,
> = Redeye reduction, Q = Slow-speed sync, 9=Single
frame shooting, j = Continuous shooting, g = Self-timer,
h= Remote control shooting, ? = Battery exhaustion
warning, ] = Auto bracket exposure (EV steps can be set to 1/
2 EV or 1/3 EV), N = Flash exposure compensation, Confirm
sensitivity, Shutter speed, Aperture value, White Balance,
Remaining capacity, m = EV compensation, PC (mass storage)/
Pb (PictBridge) appears when the USB cable is connected, EV
bar, 1, 1P
Preview Function
Live View: TTL method using the image sensor, Zoom Display
and Show Grid are usable
Optical Preview:Depth of field confirmation (electronically
controlled and usable in all exposure modes)
Digital Preview: Composition, exposure, focus and white
balance confirmation
Continuous shooting
(Hi/Lo)
Up to approx. 3 fps, JPEG: up to 38 frames (Hi) / until SD
Memory Card is full (Lo), RAW: up to 14 frames (PEF) / up to 16
frames (DNG)
Burst Shooting Approx. 21 fps, JPEG (Y/C): up to approx. 115 frames
Self-timer
Electronically controlled with delay time of 12 sec./2 sec. (with
mirror up function). Start by pressing the shutter release button.
Operation confirmation: Possible to set beep. Can be cancelled
after operation
Remote Control
PENTAX Remote Control F (optional) Release shutter
immediately or three seconds after pressing the remote control
shutter button, Remote Continuous Shooting
Mirror Quick-return mirror, mirror up function (2 sec. self-timer)
Custom Image Image Tone (6 types), Saturation/Filter Effect, Hue/Toning, Contrast, Sharpness
Exposure Bracket
Three or five frames (underexposed, proper exposure and
overexposed) are shot continuously with exposure bracketing.
(Selectable between 1/2 EV and 1/3 EV for EV steps)
Extended Bracket Three frames are saved continuously with white balance, saturation, hue, contrast and sharpness bracketing.
Multi-exposure Select the number of shots between 2 and 9 (Auto EV Adjust can be set according to the number of shots)
Exposure Meter/
Exposure Range
TTL multi (16-segment metering), Exposure range from EV 0 to
EV 21 at ISO 100, with 50 mm f/1.4 lens, Center-weighted and
Spot metering mode can be set
EV Compensation ±3 EV (1/2 EV Steps), ±2 EV (1/3 EV Steps), EV Steps can be selected
AE Lock
Button type (timer type: two times the meter operating time set
in Custom Setting) Continuous as long as the shutter button is
halfway pressed.
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12
Built-in Flash
P-TTL built-in flash with serial control, GN approx. 13 (ISO 100
• m), Angles of coverage: 18 mm lens angle of view, Flash
synchronization speed range at 1/180 sec. and slower,
Daylight-sync flash, Slow-speed-sync flash, ISO range = PTTL: 100 to 6400
External Flash Sync
Hot shoe with M-contact, which couples with PENTAX
dedicated auto flashes, ISO range = P-TTL: 100 to 1600,
Automatic flash, Red-eye reduction flash function, High-speedsync, wireless-sync with PENTAX dedicated flash.
Custom Function 36 functions can be set
Time Function World Time settings for 75 cities (28 time zones)
Dust Removal SP coating and CMOS sensor operations for dust removal. Can be set to operate when the camera is turned on.
Power Rechargeable lithium-ion battery D-LI50, AC adapter D-AC50 (optional)
Battery Life (23°C)
Number of recordable images: approx. 740 images (without
flash)*1 / approx. 530 images (50% flash usage)*2, playback
time: approx. 330 minutes*1
*1 The number of recordable images (without flash) and playback
time are based on PENTAX measuring conditions. Some
deviation from the above figures may occur in actual use
depending on usage conditions.
*2 The number of recordable images (50% flash usage) is based on
measuring conditions in accordance with CIPA standards. Some
deviation from the above figures may occur in actual use
depending on usage conditions.
Battery Exhaustion Battery exhaustion symbol ? is lit. (The shutter is locked and no indication appears in the viewfinder when ? starts blinking.)
In/Out Port USB/Video terminal (USB 2.0 (high speed compatible)), DC input terminal, Cable switch terminal, X-sync socket
Video Output Format NTSC/PAL
PictBridge Compatible printer PictBridge-compatible printerPrint mode Single Image, All Images, DPOF AUTOPRINT
Dimensions and
Weight
Approx. 141.5 mm (W) × 101 mm (H) × 70 mm (D) (excluding
protrusions) 715 g (body only), 800 g (including a battery and an
SD Memory Card)
Accessories
Hot shoe cover FK, Eyecup FP, ME viewfinder cap, Sync socket
2P cap, Body mount cover, USB Cable I-USB17, Video cable
I-VC28, Software (CD-ROM) S-SW74 (PENTAX PHOTO
Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3), S-SW75 (PENTAX
REMOTE Assistant 3), Strap O-ST53, Rechargeable lithium-ion
battery D-LI50, Battery charger D-BC50, AC plug cord,
Operating Manual (this book), Quick Guide, PENTAX PHOTO
Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual,
PENTAX REMOTE Assistant 3 Operating Manual
Languages
English, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch,
Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Turkish,
Russian, Korean, Chinese (Traditional/Simplified) and Japanese
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Glossary
AdobeRGB
Color space recommended by Adobe Systems, Inc. for commercial
printing. Wider range of color reproduction than sRGB. Covers most of the
color range so colors only available when printed are not lost when editing
images on a computer. When image is opened by non-compatible
software, the colors look lighter.
AE Metering
Brightness of subject is measured to determine exposure. In this camera,
select from [Multi-segment Metering], [Center-weighted Metering] and
[Spot Metering].
Aperture
The aperture increases or reduces the light beam (thickness) passing
through the lens to the image sensor.
Auto Bracket
For automatically changing the shooting conditions. An image with no
compensation, an underexposed image and an over-exposed image are
captured. Features exposure bracket that captures images in different
exposures, and extended bracket that captures images with set white
balance, saturation, hue, contrast and sharpness levels.
Bright Portion
Overexposed area in the image loses contrast and appears white.
Camera Shake (Blur)
When the camera moves while the shutter is open, the entire image
appears blurred. This occurs more often when shutter speed is low.
Prevent camera shake by raising the sensitivity, using the flash, and
raising the shutter speed. Alternatively, use a tripod to stabilize the
camera. As camera shake is mostly likely to occur when pressing the
shutter release button, use the Shake Reduction function, the self-timer,
the remote control unit, or the cable switch to prevent camera movement.
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CMOS Sensor
Photography element which converts the light entering through the lens
into electric signals that create the image.
Color Space
A defined range of colors from the spectrum which are used. In digital
cameras, [sRGB] is defined as the standard by Exif. In this camera,
[AdobeRGB] is also used because of the richer color expression over
sRGB.
Color Temperature
This numerically expresses the color of the light source illuminating the
subject. This is indicated in absolute temperature, using Kelvin (K) units.
The color of light shifts to a bluish color as the color temperature rises, and
to a reddish color as the color temperature falls.
Dark Portion
Underexposed area in the image loses contrast and appears black.
DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System)
A digital camera file system standard established by the Japan Electronics
and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA).
Depth of field
Area of focus. This depends on the aperture, lens focal length, and
distance to the subject. For example, select a smaller aperture (higher
number) to increase the depth of field or use a larger aperture (smaller
number) to decrease the depth of field.
DNG RAW file
DNG (Digital Negative) is a general-purpose RAW file format designed by
Adobe Systems. When images captured in proprietary RAW formats are
converted to DNG format, support and compatibility for the images
increases significantly.
DPOF (Digital Print Order Format)
Rules for writing information onto a card with recorded images regarding
the specific images and number of copies to be printed. Prints can easily
be made by taking images to a DPOF photo printing store.
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Dynamic Range (D-Range)
Indicated with a value expressing the light level reproducible in an image.
This is the same as the term “latitude” used with silver halide film.
Generally, when the dynamic range is wide, it is difficult for bright and dark
areas to occur in the image, and when the dynamic range is narrow, a
sharp image can be achieved.
EV (Exposure Value)
Exposure value is determined by the combination of the aperture value
and the shutter speed.
EV Compensation
Process of adjusting the image brightness by changing the shutter speed
and/or aperture value.
Exif (Exchangeable image file format for digital still camera)
A standard digital camera file format established by the Japan Electronics
and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA).
Focus point
Position in the viewfinder that determines focus. In this camera, select
from [Auto], [Select] and [Center].
Histogram
A graph that shows the darkest and brightest points in an image. The
horizontal axis represents the brightness and the vertical axis represents
the number of pixels. This is useful when you wish to refer to the exposure
status of an image.
ISO Sensitivity
The level of sensitivity to light. With a high sensitivity, images can be shot
with a high shutter speed even in dark places, reducing camera shake.
However, images with high sensitivity are more susceptible to noise.
JPEG
An image compression method. In this camera, select from Z
(Premium), C (Best), D (Better), or E (Good). Images recorded in
JPEG format are suited for viewing on your PC or for attaching to e-mail.
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Mired
Proportional scale of measurement that consistently shows color change
per unit. Determined by multiplying the inverse of the color temperature by
1,000,000.
ND (Neutral Density) Filter
A filter with many saturation levels that adjusts the brightness without
affecting the color tone of pictures.
Noise Reduction
Process to reduce noise (image roughness or unevenness) caused by
slow shutter speed or high sensitivity shooting.
NTSC/PAL
These are video output formats. NTSC is mainly used in Japan, North
America, and South Korea. PAL is mainly used in Europe and in China.
Quality Level
This refers to the image compression ratio. The lower the compression,
the more detailed the image. The image becomes rougher as the
compression rate rises.
RAW data
Unedited image data output from the image sensor. RAW data is data
before being internally processed by the camera. Camera settings at the
time of capture, such as White Balance, Contrast, Saturation, and
Sharpness can be set for each frame after shooting. In addition, RAW data
is 12 bit data that contains 16 times the information of 8 bit JPEG and TIFF
data. Rich gradations are possible. Transfer RAW data to your computer
and use the provided software to create image data with different settings,
such as JPEG or TIFF.
Recorded Pixels
Indicates the size of the image by the number of pixels. The more pixels
that compose a picture, the larger the image size.
Shutter Speed
The length of time that the shutter is open and light strikes the image
sensor. The amount of light that strikes the image sensor can be changed
by altering the shutter speed.
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sRGB (standard RGB)
International standard of color space established by the IEC (International
Electrotechnical Commission). This is defined from color space for PC
monitors and is also used as the standard color space for Exif.
Vignetting
The picture edges are blackened when part of the light coming from the
subject is blocked by the hood or filter ring, or when the flash is partially
blocked by the lens.
White Balance
While shooting, color temperature is adjusted to match the light source so
that the subject appears to have correct color.
275
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Index
Symbols
[A Custom Setting]
Menu ......................73, 170, 246
i (Delete) button .............21, 70
m (EV Compensation)
button .............................19, 100
] (Exposure Bracket)
button .............................19, 129
K (Flash pop-up)
button ...............................19, 60
B (Green mode) ...................83
Q (Playback)
button .........................19, 21, 68
[Q Playback] Menu ....170, 245
| Preview ............................114
Z (Protect) button .......21, 189
[A Rec. Mode] Menu .....72, 244
[R Set-up] Menu ..........216, 245
A
AC Adapter .............................39
Adding the Date ...................204
AdobeRGB ...........................167
AE Lock ................................102
AE Metering ...........................98
L button ..........................19
= (Adjustment) ..................106
= (Autofocus) ....................104
= button ......................19, 112
AF point switching dial ...19, 107
AF200FG ..............................143
AF360FGZ ...........................143
AF540FGZ ...........................143
k (Continuous mode) .....104
l (Single mode) .............104
Aperture .................................77
Aperture Priority Mode c ......89
Auto Bracket ........................ 129
Auto Power Off ..................... 233
Autofocus = ...................... 104
Automatic Sensitivity
Correction .............................. 78
c (Aperture Priority) mode ... 89
AV Equipment ...................... 191
B
p (Bulb) Mode ....................... 96
B&W (Digital Filter) .............. 195
Battery .................................... 35
Beep ..................................... 219
Bright/Dark area ................... 182
Brightness (Digital Filter) ...... 196
Brightness level .................... 226
Brightness of the Monitor ..... 226
Built-in Flash .......................... 60
Bulb Mode p .......................... 96
Burst Shooting ..................... 119
C
Cable Switch .......................... 96
Capture Information ......... 23, 25
Card access lamp .................. 17
Center-weighted ..................... 99
Cloudy (White Balance) ....... 160
Color (Digital Filter) .............. 195
Color Space ......................... 167
Color Temperature ............... 166
Continuous mode k ....... 104
Continuous Shooting ............ 117
Contrast ............................... 154
Contrast-Control-Sync
(Flash) .................................. 150
Correct exposure ................... 76
Custom Image ...................... 154
Custom Setting .............. 73, 170
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[A Custom Setting]
Menu ......................73, 170, 246
D
Date Adjust .............................48
Date change .........................220
Daylight (White Balance) ......160
Daylight-Sync Shooting ..........64
Delete .............................70, 185
Delete All Images .................185
i (Delete) button .............21, 70
Delete Folder ........................188
Deleting a Single Image .........70
Depth of field ..........................77
Digital Filter ..........................194
Digital Preview .....................114
Diopter Adjust .........................52
Direct Printing .......................207
Display Language ................224
Display Style ........................182
DPOF AUTOPRINT .............213
DPOF Settings .....................204
Drive Mode .............................75
Dust Alert .............................252
Dust Removal .......................252
E
Error Message ......................261
EV Compensation ................100
m (EV Compensation)
button .............................19, 100
Expand Dynamic Range ........79
Exposure ................................76
Exposure Bracket .................129
] (Exposure Bracket)
button .............................19, 129
Exposure Bracket button ......129
Exposure metering timer ......130
Exposure Mode ......................80
Exposure Warning ......88, 90, 94
Extended Bracket .................131
External flash ....................... 143
Extract Color (Digital Filter) .. 195
F
File Format ........................... 158
File Name ............................. 231
Filter ..................................... 194
Filter Effect ........................... 154
Fireworks ............................... 96
Fix Focus ............................. 108
Flash .............................. 60, 135
Flash (White Balance) .......... 160
Flash Exposure
Compensation ...................... 136
K (Flash pop-up)
button ............................... 19, 60
Flash X-sync Speed Mode
M ........................................... 97
Fluorescent Light
(White Balance) ................... 160
{ button ............ 19, 21, 75, 171
{ Menu ......................... 75, 171
Focus Indicator .................... 110
Focus Lock ........................... 108
Focus Mode ......................... 104
Focus mode lever .................. 19
Focus point .......................... 107
Focusing .............................. 104
Folder Name ........................ 230
Format .................................. 218
Four-way controller
(2345) ........................ 19, 21
Front e-dial ............................. 18
G
Green button .......................... 18
Green mode B ..................... 83
Guide display ................. 22, 225
H
HDR (Digital Filter) ............... 196
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High-ISO Noise Reduction .....80
High-Speed Flash Sync
Mode ....................................145
Histogram .......................26, 182
Hue .......................................154
Hyper-manual Mode a ..........93
Hyper-program Mode e ........84
I
Illustration (Digital Filter) ......195
Image Comparison ...............178
Image Tone ..........................154
M button ........19, 21, 23, 68
Initial Settings .................45, 244
Input Focal Length .................67
Instant Review ......................227
Interval Shooting ..................120
ISO sensitivity ........................78
J
JPEG Quality ..................42, 157
JPEG Recorded
Pixels ..............................42, 156
L
Language Setting ...................45
LCD Color Tuning ................226
LCD panel ..............................29
Lens ...............................50, 249
Lens unlock button ...........18, 51
Live View ......................114, 228
Lock Exposure .....................110
M
a (Hyper-manual) Mode ........93
Main switch ................18, 21, 44
Manual Exposure Mode a .....93
Manual focus .................110
Manual White Balance .........163
Matte Field ...........................111
Memory ................................236
3 button ............. 19, 21, 30
Menu Operation ..................... 30
Meter Operating Time ............ 99
Metering mode lever ........ 19, 98
(Manual focus) .............. 110
Mirror Up ...................... 128, 255
Mode dial ......................... 19, 32
Monitor ................................... 22
Multi-exposure ..................... 103
Multiple Flashes ................... 149
Multi-segment ........................ 98
N
Night Scene (Bulb Mode) ....... 96
Nine-Image Display .............. 175
Noise Reduction ..................... 80
NTSC ................................... 233
O
4 button ........................ 19, 21
Optical Preview .................... 115
Optional Accessories ........... 256
P
e (Hyper-program) Mode ...... 84
PAL ...................................... 233
PictBridge ............................. 207
Pixel Mapping ...................... 235
Pixels ................................... 156
Playback .......................... 25, 68
Q (Playback)
button ......................... 19, 21, 68
Playback display .................. 184
[Q Playback] Menu .... 170, 245
Playback time ......................... 38
Power ..................................... 44
Press fully .............................. 57
Press halfway ......................... 57
Preview | ............................ 114
Preview Method ................... 113
Print All Images .................... 212
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Print Service .........................204
Print Single Image ................210
Printer connection ................209
Program Line ..........................82
Program Mode e ...................84
Protect ..................................189
Z (Protect) button .......21, 189
P-TTL (Flash) .......................148
P-TTL Auto (Flash) ...............144
Q
Quality Level ..................42, 157
R
RAW .....................................158
| button ............19, 158, 159
RAW Display ........................197
RAW file format ....................158
RAW+ ...................................158
Rear e-dial ..............................19
[A Rec. Mode] Menu .....72, 244
Recordable image no. ............38
Recorded Pixels .............42, 156
Red-eye reduction ..........64, 148
Remote Control ....................125
Reset ............................237, 244
Rotate ...................................172
S
Saturation .............................154
SD Memory Card ...................40
Select battery .......................234
Select&Delete ......................186
Select&Edit ...........................198
Self-timer ..............................122
Sensitivity ...............................78
Sensitivity Priority Mode
K ..........................................85
Sensor Cleaning ...................252
Sepia (Digital Filter) ..............195
[R Set-up] Menu ..........216, 245
Shade (White Balance) ........ 160
Shake Reduction .................... 65
Shake Reduction switch ... 19, 65
Sharpness ............................ 154
Shutter & Aperture Priority Mode
L ........................................ 91
Shutter Priority Mode b ........ 87
Shutter release button
................................... 18, 21, 57
Shutter Speed ........................ 76
Single mode l ................ 104
Slideshow ..................... 179, 181
Slim (Digital Filter) ................ 196
Slow Shutter Speed NR ......... 80
Slow-speed sync ............ 60, 139
Soft (Digital Filter) ................ 195
Spot Metering ......................... 99
sRGB ................................... 167
Strap ...................................... 34
Superimpose AF Area .... 28, 107
K (Sensitivity Priority)
Mode ...................................... 85
T
L (Shutter & Aperture Priority)
Mode ...................................... 91
Text Size .............................. 225
Toning .................................. 154
Trailing curtain sync
............................... 60, 140, 148
Tungsten Light
(White Balance) ................... 160
TV ........................................ 191
b (Shutter Priority) mode ..... 87
U
USB cable ............................ 207
USB Connection .................. 208
A Mode ........................... 133
Using aperture ring .............. 251
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V
Video cable ..........................191
Video Output Format ............233
Viewfinder ........................27, 52
Vignetting .............................274
W
White Balance ......................160
Wireless Mode (Flash) .........145
World Time ...........................221
X
M (Flash X-sync Speed)
mode ......................................97
X-sync socket .......................151
Z
Zoom Display .......................173
Zoom Lens .............................59
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WARRANTY POLICY
All PENTAX cameras purchased through authorized bona fide
photographic distribution channels are guaranteed against defects of
material or workmanship for a period of twelve months from date of
purchase. Service will be rendered, and defective parts will be replaced
without cost to you within that period, provided the equipment does not
show evidence of impact, sand or liquid damage, mishandling, tampering,
battery or chemical corrosion, operation contrary to operating instructions,
or modification by an unauthorized repair shop. The manufacturer or its
authorized representatives shall not be liable for any repair or alterations
except those made with its written consent and shall not be liable for
damages from delay or loss of use or from other indirect or consequential
damages of any kind, whether caused by defective material or
workmanship or otherwise; and it is expressly agreed that the liability of
the manufacturer or its representatives under all guarantees or warranties,
whether expressed or implied, is strictly limited to the replacement of parts
as hereinbefore provided. No refunds will be made on repairs by nonauthorized PENTAX service facilities.
Procedure During 12-month Warranty Period
Any PENTAX which proves defective during the 12-month warranty period
should be returned to the dealer from whom you purchased the equipment
or to the manufacturer. If there are no representatives of the manufacturer
in your country, send the equipment to the manufacturer, with postage
prepaid. In this case, it will take a considerable length of time before the
equipment can be returned to you owing to the complicated customs
procedures required. If the equipment is covered by warranty, repairs will
be made and parts replaced free of charge, and the equipment will be
returned to you upon completion of servicing. If the equipment is not
covered by warranty, regular charges of the manufacturer or of its
representatives will apply. Shipping charges are to be borne by the owner.
If your PENTAX was purchased outside of the country where you wish to
have it serviced during the warranty period, regular handling and servicing
fees may be charged by the manufacturer’s representatives in that
country. Notwithstanding this, your PENTAX returned to the manufacturer
will be serviced free of charge according to this procedure and warranty
policy. In any case, however, shipping charges and customs clearance
fees to be borne by the sender. To prove the date of your purchase when
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required, please keep the receipt or bills covering the purchase of your
equipment for at least a year. Before sending your equipment for servicing,
please make sure that you are sending it to the manufacturer’s authorized
representatives or their approved repair shops, unless you are sending it
directly to the manufacturer. Always obtain a quotation for the service
charge, and only after you accept the quoted service charge, instruct the
service station to proceed with the servicing.
• This warranty policy does not affect the customer’s statutory
rights.
• The local warranty policies available from PENTAX distributors in
some countries can supersede this warranty policy. Therefore, we
recommend that you review the warranty card supplied with your
product at the time of purchase, or contact the PENTAX distributor
in your country for more information and to receive a copy of the
warranty policy.
The CE Mark is a Directive conformity mark of the European
Union.
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For customers in USA
STATEMENT OF FCC COMPLIANCE
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
* Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
For customers in Canada
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Pour les utilisateurs au Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003
du Canada.
FOR CALIFORNIA, U.S.A. ONLY
Perchlorate Material-special handling may apply.
The lithium battery used in this camera contains perchlorate material,
which may require special handling.
See www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate
Declaration of Conformity
According to 47CFR, Parts 2 and 15 for
Class B Personal Computers and Peripherals
We: PENTAX Imaging Company
A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc.
Located at: 600 12 Street, Suite 300
Golden, Colorado 80401 U.S.A.
Phone: 303-799-8000 FAX: 303-790-1131
Declare under sole responsibility that the product identified herein
complies with 47CFR Parts 2 and 15 of the FCC rules as a Class B digital
device. Each product marketed is identical to the representative unit tested
and found to be compliant with the standards. Records maintained
continue to reflect the equipment being produced can be expected to be
within the variation accepted, due to quantity production and testing on the
statistical basis as required by 47CFR §2.909. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation. The above
named party is responsible for ensuring that the equipment complies with
the standards of 47CFR §15.101 to §15.109.
Product Name: PENTAX Digital Still Camera
Model Number: u
Contact person: Customer Service Manager
Date and Place: February, 2008, Colorado
th Information on disposal for users
1. In the European Union
If your product is marked with this symbol, it means that used
electrical/electronic products should not be mixed with general
household waste. There exists a separate collection system for
these products.
Used electric/electronic equipment must be treated separately
and in accordance with legislation that requires proper
treatment, recovery and recycling of these products.
Following the implementation by member states, private
households within the EU states may return their used
electrical/electronic equipment to designated collection
facilities free of charge*. In some countries your local retailer
may also take back your old product free of charge if you
purchase a similar new one.
*Please contact your local authority for further details.
By disposing of this product correctly you will help ensure that
the waste undergoes the necessary treatment, recovery and
recycling and thus prevent potential negative effects on the
environment and human health which could otherwise arise
due to inappropriate waste handling.
2. In other countries outside the EU
If you wish to discard this product, please contact your local
authorities and ask for the correct method of disposal.
For Switzerland: Used electrical/electronic equipment can be
returned free of charge to the dealer, even when you don’t
purchase a new product. Further collection facilities are listed
on the home page of www.swico.ch or www.sens.ch.
Memo
O
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anual
• Specifications and external dimensions are subject to change without notice.
57988 Copyright © PENTAX Corporation 2008
02-200802 Printed in Philippines
PENTAX Corporation 2-36-9, Maeno-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8639, JAPAN
(http://www.pentax.co.jp/)
PENTAX Europe GmbH
(European Headquarters)
Julius-Vosseler-Strasse, 104, 22527 Hamburg,
GERMANY
(HQ - http://www.pentaxeurope.com)
(Germany - http://www.pentax.de)
PENTAX U.K. Limited PENTAX House, Heron Drive, Langley, Slough, Berks
SL3 8PN, U.K.
(http://www.pentax.co.uk)
PENTAX France S.A.S. 112 Quai de Bezons, B.P. 204
95106 Argenteuil Cedex, FRANCE
(http://www.pentax.fr)
PENTAX Italia S.r.l. Via Dione Cassio 15, 20138 Milano, ITALY
(http://www.pentaxitalia.it)
PENTAX (Schweiz) AG Widenholzstrasse 1, 8304 Wallisellen, Postfach 367,
8305 Dietlikon, SWITZERLAND
(http://www.pentax.ch)
PENTAX Scandinavia AB P.O. Box 650, 75127 Uppsala, SWEDEN
(http://www.pentax.se)
PENTAX Imaging Company
A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc.
(Headquarters)
600 12th Street, Suite 300 Golden, Colorado 80401, U.S.A.
(PENTAX Service Department)
12000 Zuni Street, Suite 100B
Westminster, Colorado 80234,
U.S.A. (http://www.pentaximaging.com)
PENTAX Canada Inc. 1770 Argentia Road Mississauga, Ontario L5N 3S7,
CANADA
(http://www.pentax.ca)
PENTAX Trading
(SHANGHAI) Limited
23D, Jun Yao International Plaza, 789 Zhaojiabang Road,
Xu Hui District, Shanghai, 200032 CHINA
(http://www.pentax.com.cn)
http://www.pentax.co.jp/english
Operating Manual
For optimum camera performance, please read
the Operating Manual before using the camera.
SLR Digital Camera

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