Work Shop Manual - Motorsports Spares

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piston, with, shaft, head, cylinder, shock, that, absorber, NOTE!, tool, from, Remove, assembly, fluid, reservoir, tube, shims, Öhlins, dividing, O-ring, seal, adjustment, into, needle, down, correct, grease, tube., screw, circlip

Transcript

1
Work Shop Manual
General Manual for Öhlins shock absorbers
© Öhlins Racing AB. All rights reserved. Any reprinting or unauthorized use without the
written permission of Öhlins Racing AB is prohibited. Printed in Sweden.
2
Before you start
Öhlins Racing AB can not be held responsible for any
damage whatsoever to spare parts, suspension or vehicle,
or injury to persons, if the instructions for fitting and
maintenance are not followed exactly. Similarly, the
warranty will become null and void if the instructions are
not adhered to.
Make sure you have all the necessary tools before you
start working on the Öhlins shock absorber.
WARNING!
Please study and make certain that you fully understand the
work shop manual before handling the shock absorber. If
you have any questions regarding proper service procedures,
contact an Öhlins dealer or other qualified person.
NOTE!
Öhlins products are subject to continual improvement and
development. Consequently, although these instructions
include the most up-to-date information available at the
time of printing, there may be minor differences between
your suspension and this manual. Please consult your
Öhlins dealer if you have any questions with regard to the
contents of the manual.
Safety signals
Important information concerning safety is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety alert symbol means:
Caution! Your safety is involved.
WARNING!
Failure to follow warning instructions could result in
severe or fatal injury to anyone working with,
inspecting or using the suspension, or to bystanders.
CAUTION!
Caution indicates that special precautions must be
taken to avoid damage to the suspension.
NOTE!
This indicates information that is of importance with
regard to procedures.
Introduction
All of Öhlins advanced suspension products are adapted
to the make and model. This means that length, travel,
and spring-action and damping characteristics, are tested
individually just for the vehicle fitted with Öhlins suspension. When servicing be sure to use the correct spare
parts.
The information, illustrations and specifications contained
in this manual are the latest product information available
at the time of publication. This manual is presented to make
the service of the Öhlins shock absorbers as easy and as
safe as possible with maximum performance out of the
serviced shock absorber as possible.
WARNING!
The shock absorber is provided with a separate type reservoir filled with high-pressure nitrogen gas. To prevent
danger of explosion, study and make certain that you fully
understand the following information before handling the
shock absorber.
The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for damage to property or personal injury that may result from
improper handling.
1. Never tamper with or attempt to disassemble the cylinder or the reservoir.
2. Never expose the shock absorber to an open flame or
other excessive heat. The shock absorber may otherwise
explode due to too high pressure.
3. Be careful not to damage any part of the gas reservoir.
A damaged gas reservoir will impair the damping performance or cause malfunction.
4. Take care not to scratch the contact surface of the piston rod of the cylinder; oil could otherwise leak out.
5. Never attempt to remove the plug at the bottom of the
nitrogen gas reservoir. Any attempt to remove the plug
implies serious danger.
6. When scrapping the shock absorber follow the instructions for disposal.
Contents
Introduction ................................................................ 2
Safety instructions ...................................................... 2
McPherson 36 and 46 ............................................... 3
Shock absorber 46 .................................................. 15
Shock absorber 36 .................................................. 27
General .................................................................... 43
Drawings ................................................................. 55
3
McPherson
36 and 46
Contents
McPherson 36 and 46 ............................................... 3
Dismantling the shock absorber .................................. 4
Dismantling the piston shaft ........................................ 6
Reassembling the piston shaft .................................... 7
Changings of bushing ................................................. 9
Assembling of McPherson shock absorber ............... 11
Shock absorber 46 .................................................. 15
Shock absorber 36 .................................................. 27
General .................................................................... 43
Drawings ................................................................. 55
4
Dismantling the McPherson suspension
1:1
Remove the shock absorber from the vehicle by loosening first the top mount and then the lower bracket. Remove the strut from the vehicle.
NOTE!
To remove and service the shock absorber in McPherson
struts it is not necessary to remove the spring seats on
the strut, the top mount or the hose connected reservoir.
1:2
Fasten the strut in a vice. Loosen the lock nut at the lower
end of the strut.
CAUTION!
On struts without wheel bracket, use soft jaws.
NOTE!
To obtain maximal grip for the allen key, it is advisable to
close the rebound adjuster before the insert is removed.
Close by turning the adjuster wheel/screw clockwise.
Count the steps (clicks) when the wheel is turned.
1:3
Insert an allen key into the piston shaft and thread the
shaft out from the strut bottom. Free the insert by pulling
it out from the strut.
1:4
Remove the spring, clean the shock absorber and strut
carefully externally and inspect for damages.
1:5
Fasten the insert in a vice by use of soft jaws 1808-01
(50 mm) or 1808-02 (54 mm).
1:1
Insert
Strut
Nut
1:2
NOTE!
Piston
shaft
Maximum
allen key
grip
Rebound
adjuster
1:3
1:4
1:5
Tool
1808-01, 02
Strut
Spring
Insert
5
1:6
Remove the screw and o-ring from the reservoir end cap
(Shock absorber head on shock absorber models without
external reservoir.)
NOTE!
Before the gas pressure is relieved the adjuster settings
must be counted and noted. Even check that the gas
pressure is correct. Following that, the adjusters should
be set in a fully open position.
1:7
Relieve the nitrogen gas pressure by inserting an injection
needle into the shaft through the rubber valve.
WARNING
Releasing high pressure gas from the shock absorber can
be hazardous. Do not perform any kind of service until
gas pressure is completely released.
1:8
Use tool 1858-01 to loosen and remove the cylinder end
cap. Push the seal head down and remove the circlip.
1:9
Push the end cap of the reservoir down into the reservoir,
use tool 720-03.
1:10
Remove the circlip. Remove the end cap.
1:11
Pull the shaft assembly up carefully and remove it from
the cylinder tube.
1:12
Drain the shock absorber from oil.
1:13
Remove the dividing piston with tool 720-02 and drain
the oil again.
1:14
Remove all o-rings and seals.
1:15
Clean all parts carefully.
1:10
1:11
Seal head
assembly
1:14
1:9
Circlip
End cap
Reservoir
End cap
Teflon band
Dividing piston
O-ring
Tool
1858-01
1:8
1:13
1:6 1:7
Tool
720-03
Injection
needle
6
2:2
2:3
2:4
2:5
O-ring Piston band
Lock nut
Washer
Rebound
shims stack
Piston
Compression
shims stack
Washer
Piston shaft
Seal head
End cap
Bump rubber
Adjustment pin
Piston shaft
Needle
Valve jet
Dismantling the piston shaft assembly
2:1
Fasten the shaft assembly in a vice with soft jaws. Use
clamping tool (727-xx)
2:2
Remove teflon band from the damper piston
2:3
Remove the lock nut, the rebound shims stack, the
damper piston and the compression shim stack.
NOTE!
Put the shim stack aside and place the shims in the same
order as they were fitted on shaft.
2:4
Remove all the other parts from the shaft and put them
aside in correct order.
2:5
Remove the adjustment valve jet, the adjustment needle
and the adjustment pin.
2:6
Clean all parts carefully and inspect for wear or damage.
Check the o-ring of the needle and replace if necessary.
2:7
Inspect the shaft for bends and scratches.
2:8
Replace teflon ring, o-rings and lock nut.
2:9
If necessary replace bump rubber, scraper ring and cap,
seal head assembly and eventual other defect parts.
7
Reassembling the piston shaft
3:1
Blow the piston shaft clean with compressed air.
NOTE!
Apply Öhlins red grease (146-01) to all o-rings and seals.
3:2
Check the spec.card to see whether spacers are to be
used on the piston shaft. If so, mount these before fitting
the seal head assembly.
3:3
Use fitting sleeve (1785-xx) to protect the seal in the seal
head assembly.
3:4
Lubricate the piston shaft with shock absorber fluid so
that the seal head assembly slides on easily.
3:5
Put on the end cap and the bump rubber.
3:6
Grip the piston shaft with soft jaws 727-xx.
Fit the O-ring on the adjustment needle. Apply plenty of
red grease on the O-ring so that the needle slides easily
into the piston shaft.
NOTE!
Always ensure that the correct needle is used in relation
to the nozzle.
3:7
Press the needle down, using the tool 1748-01, until it
comes to a stop.
NOTE!
If the seating in the nozzle is chamfered, the nozzle must
be replaced with one without chamfer.
3:8
Carefully tighten the nozzle. Use Loctite 222.
3:9
Apply a little red grease to the adjustment rod and insert
it into the piston shaft from the top.
NOTE!
Ensure that the thread on the piston shaft is free from oil.
NOTE!
Regardings 12 mm shaft, see page 27, chapter shock
absorber 36.
3:4
3:4
3:6
3:7
3:8
3:9
3:1
3:3
Piston shaft
Pressure
air gun
3:5
Piston shaft
Spacer
Fitting sleeve
1785-xx
Seal head
End
cap
Bump rubber
Adjuster
needle
O-ring
Soft jaws
727-xx
Tool 1748-01
Nozzle
Loctite 222
Adjustment rod
Piston shaft
8
Mounting of piston on piston shaft
and fitting shims
3:10
Grip the end eye in a vice. Use soft jaws.
CAUTION!
The chamfered side of the stop washer must face away
from the lock nut.
3:11
Put the stop washer in position.
3:12
Check shims and replace if necessary.
3:13
Place shims on the compression side according to the
spec. card.
3:14
Ensure that the correct piston is beeing used. If a flat
piston is used face the piston using 1200 abrasive paper
to ensure a completely even and flat surface. Ensure that
there are no burrs or particels on the piston or in the fluid
ducts.
3:15
Where applicable, fit the O-ring underneath the Teflon
band on the piston. Mount the piston ring.
3:16
Put the piston on the piston shaft.
NOTE!
Ensure that the piston faces the correct way. The grooved
side of the piston must face the nut.
3:17
Fit the shims on the rebound side. Carefully check the
spec.card to see which washer (519- xx) is to lie on the
top shim.
NOTE!
There are several different types of 519-xx washers.
3:18
Refit the stop washer, the washers and the lock nut, torque
tighten to 30 Nm.
Stop washer
Compression
side shims
O-ring
Teflon band
Piston
Rebound
side shims
3:11
3:13
3:15
3:16
3:17
3:18
30 Nm
519-xx
519-xx
Lock nut
Washer
Stop
washer
9
Changing of bushings in the strut.
4:1
Fasten the strut in a vice horizontally. Use Bushing removal
tool 1828-01 ( ø50-ø54 only).
4:2
Push the tool into the lower bushing, fix it and pull the
bushing out together with the upper bushing, the scrapers and the support ring. (and o-rings when frequent)
4:3
Clean the strut carefully and reinstall the bushings. Use
attachment bar 1757-01, installing sleeve 1759-xx and
guide ring 1758-xx. Start with the lower bushing and push
it down all the way to the seat.
4:4
The upper bushing should be pushed down so it is 100
mm above the lower bushing. Apply some locking fluid
Loctite 601 or similar before installing them.
CAUTION
Heat the strut up with a heat air gun, before the installation is made. Be careful to get the bushings straight. Put
the shock absorber cylinder into the strut and check the
function to make sure that the bushings are installed in a
correct way.
4:5
Refit the scrapers and the support ring.
4:1
Tool
1828-01
4:2
4:3
100 mm
4:4
4:3
Strut
Pull the bushings out
by turning clockwise
Bushings
Seal
Circlip
Support ring
Scraper
Installing sleeve
Guide ring
Attachment bar
Bushing
10
Removal and refitting of the cylinder head
4:6
Fasten the cylinder body in a vice horizontally. Again use
tools 1808-01 or 1808-02.
4:7
Remove the hose connection.
4:8
Loosen and remove the Cylinder head. Use tool 1807-01
and a breaker bar.
NOTE!
The thread on the cylinder head is fixed with Loctite 648.
This makes it necessary to use a heat air gun to heat the
cylinder head before it is unthreaded.
4:9
When refitting the cylinder head it is of vital importance
to use Loctite again.
NOTE!
1807-01 for cylinder head 5188 and 5594.
1857-01 for cylinder head Mc Pherson ø40 together with
sleeve 5991-01 for cylinder head 5911-03 and 5911-04.
1857-01 for cylinder head Mc Pherson ø40 together with
sleeve 5991-02 for cylinder head 5911-01 and 5911-02
Tool 1808-01, 02
4:7
Hose connections
4:6
4:8
4:9
Tool 1807-01
Cylinder head
O-ring
Cylinder
head
Loctite
11
5:1
5:2
5:3
5:45:5
End cap
Seal head
assembly
5:7
End cap
Fluid
level
Seal head
assembly
Assembling of
McPherson shock absorber
5:1
Insert a plastic plug (764-01) in the cylinder tube. Fill up
with Öhlins fluid all the way to the edge of the reservoir.
5:2
Push the dividing piston, with teflon band and O-ring fitted,
down in to the reservoir without allowing it to be pressed
back over the circlip groove, make sure that there is no air
between the piston and the oil.
5:3
Push the dividing piston to the bottom, using tool 720-02.
Close the compression adjuster.
Measure the distance from the edge of the reservoir to
the upper edge of the dividing piston and make a note of
the lenght. Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins fluid to about
10 mm below the circlip groove.
5:4
Install an fluid retainer cup. Insert the piston shaft into the
cylinder tube. Take care, that fluid does not squirt up.
When the piston is submerged in the fluid the piston shaft
should be pressed down hard, to force out air between
the shims and piston.
5:5
Wait a while to allow air bubbles to rise to the surface.
Pull the piston shaft up a bit, without allowing the bleed
holes to come above the surface. Top up with more fluid
if required.
NOTE!
This labour forces fluid through the apertures of the main
piston and helps to bleed out all air.
5:6
Repeat this procedure until all air is expelled. If the shims
are very hard, a check can be made by pushing down the
piston rod very hard. If there is still air remaining the fluid
level will move. If so, strike the piston shaft end firmly
with a plastic hammer to make the shims open.
5:7
When all air has been expelled, pull the piston shaft up as
far as possible without the bleed holes in the piston shaft
coming above the surface of the fluid. Top up with fluid
all the way up to the edge of the cylinder tube.
NOTE!
Rotate the piston shaft lightly to seat the teflon band properly against the body tube bore.
10 mm
Retainer
fluid cap
Plastic
hammer
5:6
Plastic
plug
Reservoir
Tool 0720-02
Circlip
groove
12
5:8
Seal head
assembly
Retainer ring
5:9
7-10 mm
5:8
Push the seal head down against the fluid and carefully
down to the O-ring groove make sure that the bleedhole
is facing away from you. Then push the piston shaft down
halfway. Make sure that the dividing piston is completely
down to the bottom of the reservoir.
5:9
Open the compression valve and, using a blunt screwdriver, push the seal head assembly down until the circlip
groove is visible.
5:10
Fit the circlip and pull up the piston shaft up, make sure
that the circlip is fixed in its groove and in the seal head
assembly groove.
5:11
Fit the end cap with tool 1858-01. Apply red grease 146-01.
Tighten to 50 Nm.
5:12
With the piston shaft fully out measure again from the
edge of the reservoir to the upper edge of the dividing
piston. If the value between the first and the second
measurement is more than 7 mm or less than 4 mm, open
the filling screw and adjust the position of the dividing
piston carefully, if the piston is too far in top up with fluid
in filling hole. Then screw in the filling screw.
NOTE!
Put the dividing piston in correct position according to
table.
5:13
Reservoir Position
length (L) of dividing piston (P)
80 47
90 57
110 77
120 87
133 100
150 117
180 147
220 187
5:14
Fit the O-ring on the reservoir cap assy, apply some red
grease on the O-ring and push it into the chamber using
tool 720-03. Fit the circlip make certain that it enters its
groove properly.
5:14
PL
5:12
5:11
Tool
1858-01
5:13
Circlip
groove
5:10
Dividing piston
completely down
13
Pressurising and assembling protective
cover on the cylinder
NOTE!
Nitrogen (N2) gas . Use pressure gauge (1781-01).
WARNING!
Use of inflammable gas for pressurising the shock
absorber can be hazardous. Use nitrogen gas (N2) only.
5:15
Check the gas pressure stipulated in the spec.card. Dip
the needle of the gas tool (1781-01) in red grease and
insert the needle through the gas filler valve.
Charge with gas to the correct pressure, according to the
spec.card.
NOTE!
Ensure that there is no leakage of gas or fluid.
5:16
Screw in the gas filler screw with O-ring.
5:15
Gas filling tool
1781-01
5:16
14
Shock absorber 46
Contents
Shock absorber 46 .................................................. 15
Dismantling the shock absorber ................................ 16
Dismantling the piston shaft ...................................... 18
Reassembling the piston shaft .................................. 19
Cylinder head............................................................ 21
Assembling the shock absorber ................................ 22
External reservoir ...................................................... 23
End piece on reservoir .............................................. 24
Seal head assembly .................................................. 24
Spring assembly ....................................................... 26
Shock absorber 36 .................................................. 27
General .................................................................... 43
Drawings ................................................................. 55
15
Dismantling the shock absorber
1:1
Remove the spring, use tool 747-01.
Use correct tool to avoid damages.
1:2
Clean the shock absorber carefully externally and inspect
for damages.
1:3
Fasten the shock absorber use tool 773-01. Remove the
screw and o-ring from the reservoir end cap
(Shock absorber head on shock absorber models without
external reservoir.)
NOTE!
Before the gas pressure is relieved the adjuster settings
must be counted and noted. Even check that the gas
pressure is correct. Following that, the adjusters should
be set in a fully open position.
1:4
Relieve the nitrogen gas pressure by inserting an injection
needle into the shaft through the valve rubber.
WARNING
Releasing high pressure gas from the shock absorber can
be hazardous. Do not perform any kind of service until
gas pressure is completely released.
1:5
Remove the end cap from the shock absorber body. Use
a chisel and a hammer.
NOTE!
Shock absorbers type D ( Internal dividing piston) must
have their cylinder head removed. The cylinder tube is
fitted in a vice with tool (765-01). Heat the head with a
heatgun and use a adjustable wrench to remove it.
1:6
Depress the seal head approximately 15 mm.
1:7
Release and remove the circlip from the cylinder tube
with tool 715-01 or a similar tool. If necessary remove
burrs from the circlip groove with a riffer.
1:3
1:4
NOTE!
Screw and
O-ring
Tool
773-01
Injection
needle
Cylinder head
Adjustable
wrench
Tool 765-01
16
1:10
1:9
1:11
Seal head
assembly
1:12
1:8
Circlip
End cap
O-ring
Reservoir
Measure pin
Teflon band
Dividing piston
O-ring
1:8
Push the end cap of the reservoir down into the reservoir,
use tool 720-03, remove the circlip. Remove the end cap.
1:9
Fit a measure pin to the dividing piston.
1.10
Lower the oil level by pulling the reservoir dividing piston
outwards by help of the measure pin and by pulling the
shaft outwards.
1:11
Pull the shaft assembly up carefully and remove it from
the cylinder tube.
1:12
Remove the dividing piston and drain the shock absorber
from oil.
1:13
Remove all o-rings and seals.
1:14
Clean all parts carefully.
End cap
17
Dismantling the piston shaft assembly
2:1
Fasten the shaft assembly in a vice with soft jaws. Use
clamping tool (727-xx)
NOTE!
The following text (2:2 and 2:3) is related to shock
absorbers of PDS type only.
2:2
Remove the lock nut (13 mm key)of the PDS piston and
remove the washer. Remove the upper shims stack, the
piston and the lower shim stack. Remove the stop washer
and loosen the PDS piston holder (13 mm key).
NOTE!
Put the shim stack aside and place the shims in the same
order as they were fitted on piston holder.
2:3
Remove teflon band of the damper piston
2:4
Remove the lock nut (already done on PDS model), the
rebound shims stack, the damper piston and the
compression shim stack.
NOTE!
Put the shim stack aside and place the shims in the same
order as they were fitted on shaft.
2:5
Remove all the other parts from the shaft and put them
aside in correct order.
2:6.
Remove the end eye, use a heatgun.
Remove the adjustment valve jet, the adjustment needle
and the adjustment pin.
2:7
Clean all parts carefully and inspect for wear or damage.
Check the o-ring of the needle and replace if necessary.
2:8
Inspect the shaft for bends and scratches.
2:9
Replace piston ring, o-rings and lock nut.
2:10
If necessary replace bump rubber, scraper ring and cap,
seal head assembly and eventual other defect parts.
2:3
2:4
2:5
2:6
Piston band
Lock nut
Washer
Rebound
shims stack
Piston
Compression
shims stack
Washer
Piston shaft
Seal head
End cap
Bump rubber
Adjustment pin
Piston shaft
Needle
Valve jet
18
Reassembling the piston shaft
3:1
Blow the piston shaft clean with compressed air.
NOTE!
Apply Öhlins red grease (146-01) to all o-rings and seals.
3:2
Check the spec.card to see whether spacers are to be
used on the piston shaft. If so, mount these before fitting
the seal head assembly.
3:3
Use fitting sleeve (1785-02) to protect the seal in the seal
head assembly.
3:4
Lubricate the piston shaft with shock absorber fluid so
that the seal head assembly slides on easily.
3:5
Put on the end cap and the bump rubber.
3:6
Grip the piston shaft with soft jaws 727-xx.
Fit the O-ring on the adjustment needle. Apply plenty of
red grease on the O-ring so that the needle slides easily
into the piston shaft.
NOTE!
Always ensure that the correct needle is used in relation
to the nozzle.
3:7
Press the needle down, using the tool 1748-01, until it
comes to a stop.
NOTE!
If the seating in the nozzle is chamfered, the nozzle must
be replaced with one without chamfer.
3:8
Carefully tighten the nozzle. Use Loctite 222.
3:9
Apply a little red grease to the adjustment rod and insert
it into the piston shaft from the top.
NOTE!
Ensure that the thread on the piston shaft is free from oil.
Mounting the end eye.
3:10
Use Loctite 270 on the piston shaft thread, screw the end
eye on and tighten using an adjustable wrench.
Tightening torque: See page drawings for correct torque.
Piston shaft
Pressure
air gun
Spacer
Fitting sleeve
1785-01
LOCTITE
3:1
3:2
3:5
3:6
3:7
3:8
3:9
3:10
3:3
3:4
Bump rubber
End cap
Seal head
O-ring
Adjustable
needle
Tool 1748-01
loctite 222
Nozzle
Adjustment rod
Piston shaft
Loctite 270
End eye
19
3:12
3:14
3:16
3:17
3:18
3:19
30 Nm
519-xx
Mounting of piston on piston shaft
and fitting shims
3:11
Grip the end eye in a vice. Use soft jaws.
Put the “top out” spring in position, if one is beeing used.
NOTE!
Always ensure that the correct spring is used. Check also
that the spring does not protrude too far above the sleeve.
There is a risk that the sleeve will slide down when tightening the shims nut.
CAUTION!
The chamfered side of the stop washer must face away
from the lock nut.
3:12
Put the stop washer in position.
3:13
Check shims and replace if necessary.
3:14
Place shims on the compression side according to the
spec. card.
NOTE!
Make sure to put the shims in right order and that the
shims are in correct position to the piston. (See spec.
card)
3:15
Ensure that the correct piston is beeing used. If a flat
piston is used face the piston using 1200 abrasive paper
to ensure a completely even and flat surface. Ensure that
there are no burrs or particels on the piston or in the fluid
ducts.
3:16
Where applicable, fit the O-ring underneath the Teflon
band on the piston. Mount the piston ring.
3:17
Put the piston on the piston shaft.
NOTE!
Ensure that the piston faces the correct way. The grooved
side of the piston must face the nut.
3:18
Fit the shims on the rebound side. Carefully check the
spec.card to see which washer (519- xx) is to lie on the
top shim.
NOTE!
There are several different types of 519-xx washers.
3:19
Refit the lock nut, torque tighten to 30 Nm.
NOTE!
The following text (4.10-4.11) is related to shock absorbers of PDS type only .
3:20
Fit the PDS piston holder and tighten it to 30 Nm. Fit the
stop washer, the lower shim stack, the piston and the
upper shim stack. Use cleaner to make the shims dry, so
they do not rotate during assembly work.
CAUTION!
It is of great importance that the triangular shims are in
correct position when the PDS piston assembly is
mounted. Check from both sides.
3:21
Put the washer and lock nut back to the PDS holder and
tighten to 18 Nm.
Stop washer Compression
shims
Piston
shaft
O-ring
Teflon band
Piston
Rebound
shims
Lock nut
Washer
Stop washer
519-xx
Shim stack
20
4:1
4:4
4:5
4:7
6:5
Removing and refitting
the cylinder head
CAUTION!
Removing the cylinder head is only carried out on shock
absorbers with internal dividing piston (D) or when the
cylinder tube or reservoir tube must be changed.
4:1
Grip the shock absorber head in the vice with soft jaws.
Use tool (738-01) in combination with sleeve (737-xx) and
insert tool (1798-01) to loosen the cylinder tube.
NOTE!
The cylinder head is fastened with Loctite. It is necessary
to heat the surfaces near the threads to remove the
cylinder tube and the reservoir tube. Use a heat air gun.
4:2
Use tool (738-01) in combination with sleeve (737-xx) to
loosen the reservoir
4:3
Screw cylinder tube and reservoir out by hand. Remove
and waste the O-rings from the cylinder head
4:4
Blow the shock absorber head clean with compressed
air. Ensure that there are no particles left in the ducts.
Apply red grease to new O-rings. Fit new O-rings.
NOTE!
Ensure that the correct O-rings are beeing used.
4:5
Grip the shock absorber head in the vice with soft jaws,
screw the gas reservoir in position by hand. Make certain
that the O-ring has not been damaged. Tighten the reservoir using tool 738-01 and sleeve (737-xx).
NOTE!
Tighten using moderate force.
4:6
A retainer ring (533-01) is used on some cylinder tubes.
Loctite is not necessary if a retainer ring is used. Otherwise use Loctite 542.
4:7
Screw the cylinder tube to the bottom and check that the
O-ring has not been damaged.
4:8
Tighten the cylinder tube using tool 738-01 and sleeve
737-01 insert tool 1798-01 in the cylinder tube to prevent
deformation when tightening. Torque tighten to 210 Nm.
If a lock nut is used, tighten it with tool 743-01.
4:9
Screw in the filler screw with the O-ring.
NOTE!
If an oil filling machine is beeing used, the O-ring and
screw are not to be fitted at this moment.
Sleeve
737-xx
Insert tool 1798-01
Tool 738-01
Compressed air
Reservoir
Cylinder head
Shock
absorber body/
Cylinder tube
Cylinder tube
210 Nm
21
5:6
5:75:10
5:5
Assembling the shock absorber
5:1
Fasten the shock absorber in tool 773-01
NOTE!
Apply Öhlins red grease 146-01 to all o-rings and seals
and a thin layer to the inside of the cylinder tube.
Shock absorber emulsion type only
5:2
Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins oil to the recommended
oil level. See spec.card.
5:3
Make sure that the adjustment needle is fully open before
installing the piston shaft. Install the piston shaft assembly into the cylinder tube.
5:4
Install the circlip and make sure it is properly seated before
the end cap is fixed by knocking it in with a plastic hammer.
NOTE!
Shock absorbers without dividing piston must be pressurised in upright position. I.e. the shock absorber head facing upwards.
Shock absorber
with internal dividing piston type D
5:5
Make sure that the needle is fully open before installing
the piston shaft. Install the piston shaft assembly into the
cylinder tube. Install the seal head, circlip and and make
sure it is properly seated before the end cap is fixed by
knocking it in with a plastic hammer.
5:6
Turn the cylinder tube so the piston shaft is facing downwards. Use tool 765-01 to hold the tube in the vice.
5:7
Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins oil ( to approximately 15
mm from the top of the tube. Bleed out remaining air by
slowly moving the piston shaft up and down in the cylinder tube. Do not push hard, just move the the shaft slowly.
NOTE!
To obtain maximum oil volume, pull the shaft out to fully
extended length before installing the dividing piston
.
5:8
Inspect the dividing piston for wear or damage.
5:9
Replace o-rings and piston rings with new.
Use Öhlins grease 146-01 on all o-rings and seals.
15 mm
5:10
Install the dividing piston into the cylinder tube and set
the piston position with 757-xx and a vernier.
See spec.card for correct position.
5.11
Install the centre screw and use tool 757-xx to hold the
dividing piston when tightening the screw. Wipe off
eccesive oil.
5:12
Clean the cylinder tube thread with cleaner and use Loctite
270 on the thread when installing in the cylinder head.
Turn the tube body around and fasten the cylinder head
in a vice with soft claws. Use tools 737-xx and 738-01 to
tighten the body tube
Tool
0765-01
Piston shaft
assembly
see
spec.
card
22
6:1
6:2
6:3
6:4
6:5
Bump
rubber
End cap
Seal head
assembly
6:5
End cap
Fluid
level
Seal head
assembly
Shock absorber with external reservoir
6:1
Insert a plastic plug (764-01) in the cylinder tube. Fill up
with Öhlins fluid all the way to the edge of the reservoir.
6:2
Push the dividing piston, with teflon band and O-ring fitted, down in to the reservoir without allowing it to be
pressed back over the circlip groove, make sure that there
is no air between the piston and the oil.
6:3
Push the dividing piston to the bottom, using tool 720-02.
Close the compression adjuster.
Measure the distance from the edge of the reservoir to
the upper edge of the dividing piston and make a note of
the lenght. Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins fluid to about
10 mm below the circlip groove.
6:4
Install an fluid retainer cup. Insert the piston shaft into the
cylinder tube. Take care, that fluid does not squirt up.
When the piston is submerged in the fluid the piston shaft
should be pressed down hard, to force out air between
the shims and piston.
NOTE!
This labour forces fluid through the apertures of the main
piston and helps to bleed out all air.
6:5
Wait a while to allow air bubbles to rise to the surface.
Pull the piston shaft up a bit, without allowing the bleed
holes to come above the surface. Top up with more fluid
if required.
6:6
Repeat this procedure until all air is expelled. If the shims
are very hard, a check can be made by pushing down the
piston rod very hard. If there is still air remaining the fluid
level will move. If so, strike the end eye firmly with a plastic hammer to make the shims open.
6:7
When all air has been expelled, pull the piston shaft up as
far as possible without the bleed holes in the piston shaft
coming above the surface of the fluid. Top up with fluid
all the way up to the edge of the cylinder tube.
NOTE!
Rotate the piston shaft lightly to seat the teflon band properly against the body tube bore.
Fluid
retainer cup
Reservoir
Tool
720-02
Lid 764-01
Dividing piston in
bottom position
23
7:1
7:3
7:4
Seal head
assembly
Retainer
ring
7:5
7:2
Mounting the seal head assembly and
end piece on reservoir
7:1
Push the seal head down against the fluid and carefully
down to the O-ring groove make sure that the bleedhole
is facing away from you. Then push the piston shaft down
halfway. Make sure that the dividing piston is fully down
to the bottom of the reservoir.
7:2
Open the compression valve and, using a blunt screwdriver, push the seal head assembly down until the circlip
groove is visible.
7:3
Fit the circlip and pull up the piston shaft up, make sure
that the circlip is fixed in its groove and in the seal head
assembly groove. Fit the end cap by tapping it in with a
plastic hammer.
7:4
With the piston shaft fully out measure again from the
edge of the reservoir to the upper edge of the dividing
piston. If the value between the first and the second
measurement is more than 7 mm or less than 4 mm, open
the filling screw and adjust the position of the dividing
piston carefully, if the piston is too far in top up with fluid
in filling hole. Then screw in the filling screw.
NOTE!
Put the dividing piston in correct position according to
table.
Reservoir Position
length of dividing piston
80 47
90 57
110 77
120 87
133 100
150 117
180 147
220 187
7:5
Fit the O-ring on the cap assy, with the aid of red grease
and push it into the chamber using tool 720-03. Fit the
circlip make certain that it enters its groove properly.
7-10 mm
End cap
Reatainer ring (circlip)
End cap
O-ring
PL
24
7:6
Pressurising and assembling protective
cover on the cylinder
7:6
Pressurise the shock absorber according to spec.card.
NOTE!
Nitrogen (N2) gas . Use pressure gauge (1781-01).
WARNING!
Use of inflammable gas for pressurising the shock
absorber can be hazardous. Use nitrogen gas (N2) only.
7:7
Tap the end cap into the cylinder tube gently with a plastic
hammer.
7:8
Check the gas pressure stipulated in the spec.card. Screw
out the gas filler screw and O-ring. Dip the needle of the
gas tool (1781-01) in red grease and insert the needle
through the gas filler valve.
Charge with gas to the correct pressure, according to the
spec.card.
NOTE!
Ensure that there is no leakage of gas or fluid.
7:10
Screw in the gas filler screw with O-ring.
Gas filling tool
1781-01
25
8:1
8:2
8:3
Settings and spring assembly
8:1
Push the piston shaft down to its bottom position and
close the rebound adjustment fully.
NOTE!
Use your fingers only. No tools may be used.
If everything is correct, the piston shaft should stay down.
NOTE!
Certain shock absorbers are provided with an integrated
“bleed”, causing the piston shaft to move up slowly.
Open the adjustment the number of clicks stated in the
spec.card.
8:2
Measure the length, stroke and compare to spec.card.
Check the free length of the spring.
NOTE!
Shock absorbers with top-out spring will be 3 - 4 mm
shorter than specified length on the spec.card, before the
main spring is fitted.
8:3
Mount the spring and spring-clip and adjust the preload
rings to the correct preload. See spec. card.
8:4
Measure the overall length and check it against the
spec.card.
Length
Stroke
26
Contents
Shock absorber 36 .................................................. 27
PRC ø14 Dismantling the shock absorber ................. 28
PRC ø12 Dismantling the shock absorber ................. 30
Dismantling the piston shaft assy .............................. 32
Reassembling the piston shaft .................................. 33
Cylinder head............................................................ 35
Assembling the shock absorber ................................ 36
External reservoir ...................................................... 37
Seal head assembly .................................................. 38
End piece on reservoir .............................................. 38
Spring assembly ....................................................... 40
General .................................................................... 43
Drawings ................................................................. 55
Shock absorber 36
27
Screw
O-ring
Gas injection
needle
1:3
1:4
Dismantling the shock absorber
1:1
Remove the spring, use tool 747-01.
Use correct spacer to avoid damages.
1:2
Clean the shock absorber carefully externally and inspect
for damages.
1:3
Fasten the shock absorber use tool 773-01. Remove the
screw and o-ring from the reservoir end cap
(Shock absorber head on shock absorber models without
external reservoir.)
NOTE!
Before the gas pressure is relieved the adjuster settings
must be counted and noted. Even check that the gas
pressure is correct. Following that, the adjusters should
be set in a fully open position.
1:4
Relieve the nitrogen gas pressure by inserting an injection
needle into the shaft through the valve rubber.
WARNING
Releasing high pressure gas from the shock absorber can
be hazardous. Do not perform any kind of service until
gas pressure is completely released.
1:5
Remove the end cap from the shock absorber body. Use
cap remover tool (704-01).
CAUTION!
36 mm shock absorbers have two circlips that must be
removed. Check carefully and avoid asratching the inner
surface of the shock absorber to avoid leaks.
1:6
Depress the seal head approximately 15 mm. Use (71401) and turnbuckle (735-01) on 12 mm shaft. Use a flat
screwdriver on 14 mm shaft.
1:7
Release and remove the circlip from the cylinder tube
with tool 715-01 or a similar tool. If necessary remove
burrs from the circlip groove with a riffer.
NOTE!
Shock absorbers type D ( Internal dividing piston) must
have their cylinder head removed. The cylinder tube is
fitted in a vice with tool (791-01). Heat the head with a
heatgun and use a adjustable wrench to remove it.
1:5
1:6
(12mm shaft only)
Tool 704-01
Tool
714-01
Tool
735-01
28
1:8-2
1:10
1:12
Seal head
assembly
1:15
1:8
Push the end cap of the reservoir down into the reservoir,
use tool 720-03, remove the circlip. Remove the end cap.
(Shock absorbers with external reservoir only).
1:9
Lift up the seal head assembly.
1.10
Lower the oil level by pulling the reservoir dividing piston
outwards by help of the measure pin and by pulling the
shaft outwards.
(Shock absorbers with external reservoir only).
1:11
Remove the lower circlip of the cylinder tube.
1:12
Pull the shaft assembly up carefully and remove it from
the cylinder tube.
1:13
Drain the shock absorber from oil.
1:14
Remove all o-rings and seals.
1:15
Clean all parts carefully.
1:8
Circlip
End cap
O-ring
Reservoir
End cap
Teflon band
Dividing piston
O-ring
1:11
Piston
Tool 720-03
Circlip
End cap
Seal head assembly
Circlip
29
Dismantling the shock absorber type D
with ø12 shaft
2:1
Remove the spring, use tool 747-01.
Use correct tool to avoid damages.
2:2
Clean the shock absorber carefully externally and inspect
for damages.
2:3
Fasten the shock absorber use tool 773-01. Remove the
screw and o-ring from the reservoir end cap
(Shock absorber head on shock absorber models without
external reservoir.)
NOTE!
Before the gas pressure is relieved the adjuster settings
must be counted and noted. Even check that the gas
pressure is correct. Following that, the adjusters should
be set in a fully open position.
2:4
Relieve the nitrogen gas pressure by inserting an injection
needle into the shaft through the valve rubber.
WARNING
Releasing high pressure gas from the shock absorber can
be hazardous. Do not perform any kind of service until
gas pressure is completely released.
2:5
Remove the end cap from the shock absorber body. Use
cap remover tool (704-01).
CAUTION!
A few shock absorbers have two circlips that must be
removed. Check carefully and avoid scratching the inner
surface of the shock absorber to avoid leaks.
2:6
Depress the seal head approximately 15 mm. Use (71401) and turnbuckle (735-01)
2:7
Release and remove the circlip from the cylinder tube
with tool 715-01 or a similar tool. If necessary remove
burrs from the circlip groove with a riffer.
2:4
2:5
2:6
Injection
needle
Tool 704-01
Tool 714-01
Tool
735-01
30
2:10
2:8
Lift up the seal head assembly.
2:9
Remove the lower circlip of the cylinder tube.
2:10
Pull the shaft assembly up carefully and remove it from
the cylinder tube. Use tool 1706-01.
2:11
Drain the shock absorber from oil, and clean all parts
carefully.
2:12
Remove the cylinder head with a adjustable wrench, use
clamping tool 791-01 in a vice to hold the tube.
2:13
Remove the dividing piston, use tool 720-02.
2:12
2:9
2:8
2:13
End cap
Seal head
Circlip
Adjuster
wrench
Tool
791-01
Tool
720-02
Piston shaft
assembly
Cylinder
tube
Dividing
piston
31
Piston shaft (12mm) and
components belonging to it.
3:2
3:5
3:6
Piston band
Lock nut
Clamp washer
Rebound
shims stack
Piston with
piston band
Compression
shims stack
Stop washer
Piston shaft 14 mm
Seal head
End cap
Bump rubber
Adjustment pin
Piston shaft
Needle
Valve jet
Dismantling the piston shaft assembly
3:1
Fasten the shaft assembly in a vice with soft jaws. Use
clamping tool (727-xx)
3:2
Remove the lock nut, the rebound shims stack, the
damper piston and the compression shim stack.
NOTE!
Put the shim stack aside and place the shims in the same
order as they were fitted on shaft.
3:3
Remove all the other parts from the shaft and put them
aside in correct order.
3:4.
Remove the end eye, use a heatgun.
Remove the adjustment valve jet, the adjustment needle
and the adjustment pin.
3:5
Clean all parts carefully and inspect for wear or damage.
Check the o-ring of the needle and replace if necessary.
3:6
Inspect the shaft for bends and scratches.
3:7
Replace piston ring, o-rings and lock nut.
3:8
If necessary replace bump rubber, scraper ring and cap,
seal head assembly and eventual other defect parts.
Washer
3:3
Piston shaft 12 mm
Triangle shim
Triangle shim
32
LOCTITE
4:1
4:2
4:4
4:5
4:6
4:7
4:8
4:9
Reassembling the piston shaft
4:1
Blow the piston shaft clean with compressed air.
NOTE!
Apply Öhlins red grease (146-01) to all o-rings and seals.
4:2
Check the spec.card to see whether spacers are to be
used on the piston shaft. If so, mount these before fitting
the seal head assembly.
4:3
Use fitting sleeve (739-01) to protect the seal in the seal
head assembly.
Lubricate the piston shaft with shock absorber fluid so
that the seal head assembly slides on easily.
4:4
Put on the end cap and the bump rubber.
4:5 - 4:8 14 mm shaft only
4:5
Grip the piston shaft with soft jaws 727-xx.
Fit the O-ring on the adjustment needle. Apply plenty of
red grease on the O-ring so that the needle slides easily
into the piston shaft.
NOTE!
Always ensure that the correct needle is used in relation
to the nozzle.
4:6
Press the needle down, using the tool 1748-01, until it
comes to a stop.
NOTE!
Check to see if the seating in the nozzle is chamfered, the
nozzle must be replaced with one without chamfer.
4:7
Carefully tighten the nozzle. Use Loctite 222.
4:8
Apply a little red grease to the adjustment rod and insert
it into the piston shaft from the top.
NOTE!
Ensure that the thread on the piston shaft is free from oil.
Mounting the end eye.
4:9
Use Loctite 270 on the piston shaft thread, screw the end
eye on and tighten using an adjustable wrench.
Tightening torque: See page xx, xx, xx
Piston shaft
Pressure
air gun
Spacer
Fiting
sleeve
4:3
End cap
Bumper
rubber
Seal head
O-ring
Needle
Loctite 222
Tool 1738-01
Nozzle
Adjustment rod
Loctite 270
End eye
33
4:11
4:13
4:15
4:16
4:17
Stop washer
Mounting of piston on piston shaft
and fitting shims
4:10
Grip the end eye in a vice. Use soft jaws.
Put the “top out” spring in position, if one is beeing used.
NOTE!
Always ensure that the correct spring is used. Check also
that the spring does not protrude too far above the sleeve.
There is a risk that the sleeve will slide down when tightening the shims nut.
CAUTION!
The chamfered side of the stop washer must face away
from the lock nut.
4:11
Put the stop washer in position.
4:12
Check shims and replace if necessary.
4:13
Place shims on the compression side according to the
spec. card.
NOTE!
Make sure to put the shims in right order and that the
shims are in correct position to the piston. (See spec.
card)
CAUTION!
When a triangular shim (12mm shaft) are beeing used it is
of vital importance that they are in correct position according to illustration.
4:14
Ensure that the correct piston is beeing used. If a flat
piston is used face the piston using 1200 abrasive paper
to ensure a completely even and flat surface. Ensure that
there are no burrs or particels on the piston or in the fluid
ducts.
4:15
Put the piston on the piston shaft.
NOTE!
Ensure that the piston faces the correct way. The grooved
side of the piston must face the nut.
4:16
Fit the shims on the rebound side. Carefully check the
spec.card to see which clamp washer is to lie on the top
shim.
NOTE!
There are several different types of clamp washers.
4:17
Refit the washer and the lock nut. 14 mm shaft tighten to
30 Nm and 12 mm shaft to 20 Nm.
4:13
Rebound shim
Compression shim
Lock nut
Washer
Clamp washer
Compression
shim stack
Shims
CAUTION!
Stop washer
Compression
shims
Piston
shaft
Teflon
band
Piston
Rebound
shims
34
5:1
5:4
5:5
5:7
5:8
Removing and refitting
the cylinder head
CAUTION!
Removing the cylinder head is only carried out on shock
absorbers with internal dividing piston or when the cylinder tube or reservoir tube must be changed.
5:1
Grip the shock absorber head in the vice with soft jaws.
Use tool (738-01) in combination with sleeve (737-xx) to
loosen the cylinder tube.
NOTE!
The cylinder head is fastened with Loctite. It is necessary
to heat the surfaces near the threads to remove the
cylinder tube and the reservoir tube.
5:2
Use tool (738-01) in combination with sleeve (737-xx) to
loosen the reservoir
5:3
Screw cylinder tube and reservoir out by hand. Remove
and waste the O-rings from the cylinder head
5:4
Blow the shock absorber head clean with compressed
air. Ensure that there are no particles left in the ducts.
Apply red grease to new O-rings. Fit new O-rings.
NOTE!
Ensure that the correct O-rings are beeing used.
5:5
Grip the shock absorber head in the vice with soft jaws,
screw the gas reservoir in place by hand. Make certain
that the O-ring has not been damaged. Tighten the reservoir using tool 738-01 and sleeve (737-xx).
NOTE!
Tighten using moderate force, see drawing page.
5:6
A retainer ring is used on some cylinder tubes. Loctite is
not necessary if a retainer ring is used. Otherwise use
Loctite 542.
5:7
Screw the cylinder tube to the bottom and check that the
O-ring has not been damaged.
5:8
Tighten the cylinder tube using tool 738-01 and sleeve
737-01 insert tool 1798-01 in the cylinder tube to prevent
deformation when tightening. Torque tighten to 210 Nm.
If a lock nut is used, tighten it with tool 743-01.
5:9
Screw in the filler screw with the O-ring.
NOTE!
If a oil filling machine is beeing used, the O-ring and screw
are not to be fitted at this moment.
Sleeve
737-xx
Tool 738-01
Compressed air
Cylinder head
Shock
absorber
body/
Cylinder
tube
Reservoir
210 Nm
35
6:7
6:8
Assembling
the shock absorber type E and D
Shock absorber emulsion type E only
6:1
Fasten the shock absorber in tool 773-01
NOTE!
Apply Öhlins red grease 146-01 to all o-rings and seals
and a thin layer to the inside of the cylinder tube.
6:2
Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins oil to the recommended
oil level. See spec.card.
6:3
Make sure that the adjustment needle is fully open before
installing the piston shaft. Install the piston shaft assembly into the cylinder tube.
NOTE!
12 mm shock absorbers have two circlips. The lower circlip
must be fitted before the stop rubber and rthe seal head
are installed.
6:4
Install the circlip and make sure it is properly seated before
the end cap is fixed by knocking it in with a plastic hammer.
NOTE!
Shock absorbers without dividing piston must be pressurised in upright position. I.e. the shock absorber head facing upwards.
Shock absorber
with internal dividing piston type D only
6:5
fasten in tool 791-01
6:6
Make sure that the needle is fully open before installing
the piston shaft. Install the piston shaft assembly into the
cylinder tube. Install the seal head, circlip and and make
sure it is properly seated before the end cap is fixed by
knocking it in with a plastic hammer.
6:7
Turn the cylinder tube so the piston shaft is facing downwards.
6:8
Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins oil ( to approximately 15
mm from the top of the tube. Bleed out remaining air by
slowly moving the piston shaft up and down in the cylinder tube. Do not push hard, just move the the shaft slowly.
NOTE!
To obtain maximum oil volume, pull the shaft out to fully
extended length before installing the dividing piston
.
15 mm
6:3
6:4
6:2
Piston shaft
assembly
End cap
Seal head
Circlip
36
6:8
Inspect the dividing piston for wear or damage.
6:9
Replace o-rings and piston rings with new.
Use Öhlins grease 146-01 on all o-rings and seals.
6:10
Install the dividing piston into the cylinder tube and set the
piston position with 757-xx and a vernier or tool 720-02 to
set the dividing piston depth.
See spec. card for correct position and illustration.
6.11
Install the centre screw and use tool 757-xx to hold the
dividing piston when tightening the screw. Wipe off
eccesive oil.
6:12
Clean the cylinder tube thread with cleaner and use Loctite
542 or 270 on the thread when installing in the cylinder
head. Turn the tube body around and fasten the cylinder
head in a vice with clamping tool 791-01.
Use tools 737-xx and 738-01 to tighten the body tube.
6:10
Tool
720-02
See spec
card
37
7:1
7:2
7:3
7:4
7:5
Bump
rubber
End cap
Seal head
assembly
7:5
End cap
Fluid
level
Seal head
assembly
Assembling the shock absorber
with external reservoir type P and H
7:1
Insert a plastic lid (764-01) in the cylinder tube. Fill up
with Öhlins fluid all the way to the edge of the reservoir.
7:2
Push the dividing piston, with teflon band and O-ring fitted, down in to the reservoir without allowing it to be
pressed back over the circlip groove, make sure that there
is no air between the piston and the oil.
7:3
Push the dividing piston to the bottom, using tool 720-02.
Close the compression adjuster.
Measure the distance from the edge of the reservoir to
the upper edge of the dividing piston and make a note of
the lenght. Fill the cylinder tube with Öhlins fluid to about
10 mm below the circlip groove.
7:4
Install an fluid retainer cup. Insert the piston shaft into the
cylinder tube. Take care, that fluid does not squirt up.
When the piston is submerged in the fluid the piston shaft
should be pressed down hard, to force out air between
the shims and piston.
NOTE!
This labour forces fluid through the apertures of the main
piston and helps to bleed out all air.
7:5
Wait a while to allow air bubbles to rise to the surface.
Pull the piston shaft up a bit, without allowing the bleed
holes to come above the surface. Top up with more fluid
if required.
7:6
Repeat this procedure until all air is expelled. If the shims
are very hard, a check can be made by pushing down the
piston rod very hard. If there is still air remaining the fluid
level will move. If so, strike the end eye firmly with a plastic hammer to make the shims open.
7:7
When all air has been expelled, pull the piston shaft up as
far as possible without the bleed holes in the piston shaft
coming above the surface of the fluid. Top up with fluid
all the way up to the edge of the cylinder tube.
NOTE!
Rotate the piston shaft lightly to seat the teflon band properly against the body tube bore.
Lid
064-01
Tool
720-02
Dividing
piston in
bottom
position
Fluid
retainer
cup
38
8:1
8:3
8:4
Seal head
assembly
Retainer
ring
8:5
8:2
Mounting the seal head assembly and
end piece on reservoir
8:1
Push the seal head down against the fluid and carefully
down to the O-ring groove make sure that the bleedhole
is facing away from you. Then push the piston shaft down
halfway. Make sure that the dividing piston is fully down
to the bottom of the reservoir.
8:2
Open the compression valve and, using a blunt screwdriver, push the seal head assembly down until the circlip
groove is visible.
8:3
Fit the circlip and pull up the piston shaft up, make sure
that the circlip is fixed in its groove and in the seal head
assembly groove. Fit the end cap by tapping it in with a
plastic hammer.
8:4
With the piston shaft fully out measure again from the
edge of the reservoir to the upper edge of the dividing
piston. If the value between the first and the second
measurement is more than 7 mm or less than 4 mm, open
the filling screw and adjust the position of the dividing
piston carefully, if the piston is too far in top up with fluid
in filling hole. Then screw in the filling screw.
NOTE!
Put the dividing piston in correct position according to
table.
Reservoir Position
length (L) of dividing piston (D)
80 47
90 57
110 77
120 87
133 100
150 117
180 147
220 187
8:5
Fit the O-ring on the cap assy, with the aid of red grease
and push it into the chamber using tool 720-03. Fit the
circlip make certain that it enters its groove properly.
7-10 mm
End cap
PL
Circlip
End cap
O-ring
39
8:6 - 8:7
Pressurising and assembling protective
cover on the cylinder
NOTE!
Nitrogen (N2) gas . Use pressure gauge (1781-01).
WARNING!
Use of inflammable gas for pressurising the shock
absorber can be hazardous. Use nitrogen gas (N2) only.
Tap the end cap into the cylinder tube gently with a plastic
hammer.
8:6
Check the gas pressure stipulated in the spec.card. Screw
out the gas filler screw and O-ring. Dip the needle of the
gas tool (1781-01) in red grease and insert the needle
through the gas filler valve.
8:7
Charge with gas to the correct pressure, according to the
spec.card.
NOTE!
Ensure that there is no leakage of gas or fluid.
8:8
Screw in the gas filler screw with O-ring.
8:6 - 8:7
Pressure gauge
1781-01
Screw
O-ring
Reservoir
8:8
40
9:1
9:2
9:3
Settings and spring assembly
9:1
Push the piston shaft down to its bottom position and
close the rebound adjustment fully.
NOTE!
Use your fingers only. No tools may be used.
If everything is correct, the piston shaft should stay down.
NOTE!
Certain shock absorbers are provided with an integrated
“bleed”, causing the piston shaft to move up slowly.
Open the adjustment the number of clicks stated in the
spec.card.
9:2
Measure the length, stroke and compare to spec.card.
Check the free length of the spring.
NOTE!
Shock absorbers with top-out spring will be 3 - 4 mm
shorter than specified length on the spec.card, before the
main spring is fitted.
9:3
Mount the spring and spring-clip and adjust the pre-load
rings according to the spec. card.
9:4
Measure the overall length and check it against the
spec.card.
Rebound
adjuster
Stroke
Length
Spring clip
41
Contents
General .................................................................... 43
Honing ...................................................................... 44
Seal head .................................................................. 45
Compression adjuster ............................................... 47
Needle and housing .................................................. 47
Dismantling hydraulic spring pre-load ....................... 48
Assembling hydraulic spring pre-load ....................... 49
Hose ......................................................................... 50
End eye .................................................................... 51
Svivel, spacers .......................................................... 52
Oil and grease ........................................................... 53
Disposal of shock absorber ...................................... 53
Drawings ................................................................. 55
General
42
Drill
Honing brush Cylinder tube
1:1
1:2
Honing of cylinder bore
1:1
Hone the cylinder tube and the gas reservoir.
1:2
Use black/grey honing brush (01726- 01, 01727- 01,
01728- 01, 01741- 01) for steel tube and white brush
(01727- 02, 01727- 03, 01728- 02, 01728- 03), for
aluminium tube.
1:3
Remove burrs from end of cylinder tube by using a file, or
replace it.
1:4
Clean the tubes very careful, use a degreasing detergent
and blow dry with compressed air.
CAUTION!
After honing, the tubes must be throughly cleaned, to avoid
damages from remaining metal particles.
CAUTION!
When a brand new tube is installed it is necessary to
hone it, as this is normally not a step in the manufacturing
process.
Steel
Aluminium
43
Stop rubber
Seal head
Support
ring
X-ring
Scraper
ring
Outer
o-ring
2:1
2:3
2:7
2:8
2:9
2:6
2:2
Ready-assembled
seal head
Dismantling and assembling
seal head assembly
CAUTION!
The seal head should if possible be mounted as a readyassembled piece The x-ring, the support ring, the scraper
ring and the outer o-ring can be changed, however this is
a very difficult procedure and should be avoided if not
absolutely necessary. Seal head for 12 mm shaft available
only as assembled part.
2:1
Lift the internal stop rubber out
2:2
Remove the outer o-ring and the scraper ring
2:3
Remove the support ring and the x-ring.
2:4
Clean the seal head.
NOTE!
It is not possible to remove the bushing. If the bushing is
damages a brand new ready-assembled seal head should
be mounted.
2:5
Blow clean with compressed air where the x-ring is to be
fitted. Ensure that there are no foreign particles left inside.
2:6
First fit the support ring in place, then the x- ring. The x-ring
shall be nearest to the bushing.
NOTE!
Take care not to twist the x-ring when fitting.
2:7
Press the stop rubber into place.
2:8
Press on the scraper ring. Pack with white grease (014701) in the space between scraper ring and the seal head
assembly.
2:9
Fit the outer O-ring with the aid of red grease.
2:5
Stop
rubber
Scraper
Outer o-ring
44
Assembling the compression adjuster
needle and housing.
4:1
Blow the parts clean with compressed air.
4:2
Grease O-rings and end pieces. Red grease (0146-01).
NOTE!
Check to see if the seating in the nozzle is chamfered. If it
is, the nozzle must be replaced.
4:3
Fit the O-ring on needle.
NOTE!
Always ensure that the correct needle is beeing used.
4:4
Insert the ball 1, spring and ball 2, in that order, and then
insert the whole needle with balls and spring into the end
piece.
4:5
Turn the needle to the bottom position and feel that the
click positions are distinct.
Dismantling and assembling
the compression adjuster unit
3:1
Remove the screw of the adjustment wheel and remove
the wheel if fitted.
3:2
Loosen the adjuster with a 17 mm key. Remove the
adjuster from the reservoir and clean them exterally.
3:3
Clean the reservoir carefully. Inspect reservoir hose for
leaks or damages.
3:4
Disassembly the adjusters. Remove the outer O-ring, remove the circlip and screw the needle out.
NOTE!
Be careful not to lose the small steel balls and/or the spring
inside the needle.
3:5
Dissassemble the compression valve and the check valve
3:6
Inspect for damages and replace eventual damaged parts.
Öhlins compression valves
2-way compression valve
Bob - compression valve
MX-EnduroMC R&T
Car
Hose connected reservoirPiggyback reservoir
45
4:6
Blow with your mouth into the bleed hole to check that it
is closed.
4:7
Fit the circlip. Fit the outer O-ring (338- 27).
Assemble the compression valve.
Always check the spec.card to see which compression
valve is to be used. If a pre-loaded valve is used, the preload depth must be calibrated.
NOTE!
All valves are to be faced using 1200 abrasive paper to
ensure a completely even and flat surface.
4:8
Assemble the compression valve and check valve. Put
the wave washer and then the shim in position.
NOTE!
The wave washer is to be fitted with the convex side facing the shim.
4:9
Carefully press these together. Carefully check with a pin
that the non return valve moves easily.
NOTE!
Ensure that there is no chamfer on the clamp washer. If
there is, it must be replaced.
4:10
Fit shims according to the spec.card. Fit and tighten the
threaded end of the nozzle at 5 Nm.
Mounting the compression adjuster in
cylinder head/ reservoir top
4:12
Apply a little red grease where the compression valve is to
fit in the shock absorber head.
4:13
Put the valve in position and tighten using moderate force.
Piggyback 18 Nm, hose damper 15 Nm.
Refit adjustment wheel and screw. Open the compression
valve fully by turning the adjustment wheel anticlockwise.
Early model compression valve
Piggyback reservoir Hose connected reservoirSnowmobile
Compression valve
46
Dismantling
hydraulic spring pre-load adjuster
NOTE!
Before taking off the spring pre-load adjuster from the
shock absorber, make a note of the hydraulic hose angle
on releation to the adjuster.
5:1
Remove the hydraulic hose from the adjuster cylinder and
drain oil.
5:2
Remove the adjuster knob and fasten the cylinder in a
vice with soft jaws.
5:3
Remove the end cap, use tool 1754-01.
5:4
Remove the shaft assembly, use a suitable drift to pree it
out from the piston side.
Remove all o-rings and replace them with new ones.
5:5
Remove the inner sleeve from the outer housing.
Remove and replace the two white guiding rings and all
o-rings with new ones.
Clean all parts thoroughly.
NOTE!
5:1
5:3
5:5
Hydraulic hose
Adjuster cylinder
Adjuster knob
Tool 1754-01
End cap
5:4
Shaft
assembly
Inner sleeve
Guiding ring
O-ring
Outer
housing
O-ring
Guiding ring
47
Assembling
hydraulic spring pre-load adjuster
NOTE!
Use Öhlins shock oil, 105-01 in the hydraulic adjuster.
Use Öhlins red grease, 146-01 on all o-rings during
assembling.
6:1
Fit the hydraulic hose on to the outer housing.
Tightening torque 30 Nm.
6:2
Fit the outer housing on tool 1786-01 and fill oil up to the
top of the housing.
6:3
Install the inner sleeve into the outer housing.
Push the inner sleeve all way down to the bottom of the
outer housing.
The air will bleed out through the hydraulic housing.
6:4
Use Öhlins red grease 146-01 on the adjustment screw,
the o-rings and the bearing.
Assemble all the parts to one unit (the adjustment screw,
the piston, the bearing and all the o-rings).
6:5
Install the piston shaft assembly into the adjusting cylinder.
Make sure it is the right position for the guiding sleeve.
Tighten the cylinder end cap with tool 754-01.
6:6
Do not force the adjustment knob in to position, just put
it gently in place and tighten it with the centre screw.
Tightening torque: 1.5 Nm.
Use loctite 242 on the centre screw to secure it.
6:7
Turn the adjuster knob anti-clockwise until the piston stops
in its bottom position (maximum oil contents).
Fill up the adjustment cylinder with oil and screw the
two components (the adjustment cylinder and the outer
housing) together with the banjo bolt.
Tightening torque: 8 Nm.
Make sure there is no air left, check by opening the small
hexagon screw on the adjuster cylinder body.
Fill up with oil if necessary and tighten the screw.
6:8
Fit the compltete hydraulic adjuster on the shock absorber.
Make sure that the guide pin is in the correct position on
the two lock nuts on the body tube.
Fit the spring and set the initial spring pre-load.
Hydraulic hose
Inner sleeve
Outer housing
Tool
178-01
Piston shaft
assembly
Piston shaft
assembly
Tool 754-01
Adjuster
cylinder
6:1
6:3
6:2
6:4
6:5
6:6
6:7
6:8
Screw
Adjuster
knob
Hydraulic
hose
Lock nuts
48
7:7
7:5
Removing and refitting the hose
7:1
Check and note or mark witch side of the banjo nipple
that is turned against the cylinder head respectively the
reservoir head.
7:2
Note or mark the angles that the banjo connections have
in relation to the shock absorber and the reservoir.
7:3
Loosen the banjo connections and remove the hose.
7:4
Check the hose and the connections for damages.
Change parts if necessary.
7:5
Ensure that the hose has the correct length.
7:6
Use compressed air to blow the inside of the hose clean
before fitting.
7:7
Use new sealing rings to the banjo connections and refit
the connections exately as they were fitted before disassembling.
7:8
Torque tighten the banjo connections as recommended
for the respective screw dimensions.
7:9
See separate instructions and assembly codes (page xx).
Length
Hydraulic hose
Banjo bolt
Banjo connection
Sealing ring
Sealing ring
49
End eye
bracket
8:1
8:2
8:5
8:8
8:9
Adjusting wheel
Adjusting
wheel half
Cross pin
Stop washer
0,5 mm
Dismantling and assembling
the end eye bracket
Dismantling
8:1
Fasten the end eye in a vice with soft jaws.
NOTE!
On some models the stop washer is pressed off the end
eye before the piston shaft is removed.
8:2
Pull the adjustment wheel upper half off.
8:3
Turn the lower adjustment wheel half downwards. Raise
the cross pin and remove it.
8:4
Remove the lower wheel half from the end eye.
Assembling
8:5
Press together the adjustment wheel in the closed half of
the adjustment knob. Use a vice with soft jaws.
8:6
Grease the thread on the end eye. Screw in the adjustment
wheel on the end piece so that the adjustment pin can be
fitted in its hole.
8:7
Screw the adjustment wheel maximum against the
adjustment pin. Press on the other half of the adjustment
knob with the aid of a sleeve 723-xx in a vice.
Then screw down the adjustment wheel about 5-6 turns
so that the adjustment shaft is not damaged when fitting
the end piece on the piston shaft.
NOTE!
On some models the stop washer is pressed into position after the end eye has been fitted on the piston shaft.
8:8
Press the stop washer on the end eye using sleeve 723-xx.
8:9
Make certain that the stop washer bottoms properly. The
end piece should protrude about 0.5 mm above the washer.
8:10
Then mount the swivel bearing. Use Loctite 601 and drift
(721- xx). Press it in with the help of a vice. Measure to
ensure that the bearing is centered.
50
9:1
9:2
Dismantling
swivel bearings and spacers
9:1
Remove the spacers with a hammer and a drift. Remove
the seal rings.
9:2
Press the swivel bearing out. Use tools (721-xx) and (723xx).
Mounting swivel bearing and spacers
10:1
Apply loctite 601 if the bearing is fitted without circlips.
Press the swivel bearing into position. Use tool (721-xx).
10:2
Apply a little red grease 0146-01 or airfilter oil on the seal
rings. Place the seal rings in position and press in the
spacers Ensure that size of the spacers conforms to the
spec.card.
Final inspection
11:1
Make a final visual inspection of the assembled shock
absorber. Ensure that there is no leakage and that all
surfaces are clean and undamaged.
Fitting decals
12:1
See separate instructions and fitting codes.
Tightening torque and greasing
13:1
See separate instructions.
Spacer
Seal ring
Swivel bearing
End eye
Seal ring
Spacer
Spacer
Seal ring
Swivel bearing
Cylinder head
Seal ring
Spacer
51
Information Öhlins Oil and Grease
Part No. Description Type/remarks Quantity
00105-01 Öhlins shock absorber fluid No 131 In shock absorbers 1 Litre
00105-10 Öhlins shock absorber fluid No 131 In shock absorbers 10 Litre
01306-01 Öhlins shock absorber fluid No 309 In shock absorbers and MX & Enduro steering damper 1 Litre
01306-10 Öhlins shock absorber fluid No 309 In shock absorbers and MX & Enduro steering damper 1 Litre
01305-01 Öhlins front fork fluid No 5 In cartridge type of front forks and Street steering dampers 1 Litre
01305-10 Öhlins front fork fluid No 5 In cartridge type of front forks and Street steering dampers 10 Litre
01310-01 Öhlins front fork fluid No 10 In cartridge and conventional type of front forks 1 Litre
01315-01 Öhlins front fork fluid No 15 In conventional type of front forks 1 Litre
01309-01 Öhlins front fork fluid In 43 mm R&T front forks 1 Litre
00146-01 Öhlins red grease Multi purpose grease 100 g
00146-02 Öhlins red grease Multi purpose grease 400 g
00147-01 Öhlins white grease When overhauling shock absorbers 100 g
00147-02 Öhlins white grease When overhauling shock absorbers 500 g
Disposal of Shock absorbers
The most efficient way to scrap a shock absorber is to
leave it to a metal waste treatment company. They have
resources for separating oil, plastic and different metals.
If you intend to do it yourself, follow the instructions for
disassembling of the shock absorber.
• The pressurized gas is N2 (Nitrogen) and can be re
leased into the air (air composed of 78% nitrogen).
• The oil must be poured out into a separate vessel and
handed over for destruction.
• Rubber and plastic details should be removed.
• The metal parts should be separated into two fractions;
aluminum and steel
Hand over the separated components to a waste treatment operator for further treatment and recycling.
52
Contents
Drawings ................................................................. 55
Grease instruction, singel .......................................... 56
Tightening torques, singel ......................................... 56
Grease instruction, twin ............................................ 57
Tightening torques, twin ............................................ 57
Greasing, twin adjustable .......................................... 58
Torques, twin adjustable ........................................... 58
Sticker location code ................................................ 59
Hose, TT44 mounting code ....................................... 59
Drawings
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
07
60
6-
01
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B
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8.
2
00
c op ie s More info
The ultimate suspension site.
Find out everything about your suspension.
Download mounting instructions, manuals and brochures.
And a lot more.
Öhlins Racing AB, Box 722, S-194 27 Upplands Väsby, Sweden
Phone +46 8 590 025 00, Fax +46 8 590 025 80
www.ohlins.com

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