2010 FORESTER Owner's Manual 2010 ... - Dealer E-Process

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2010 FORESTER Owner’s Manual
M
SA
5M
10
03
A
A8150BE-A
Issued February 2009
Printed in USA 03/09
2010A
2
0
1
0
FO
R
E
S
TE
R
O
w n er’s M
an u al FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD.
TOKYO, JAPAN
Information Provided by:
Foreword
Congratulations on choosing a SUBARU vehicle. This Owner’s
Manual has all the information necessary to keep your SUBARU in
excellent condition and to properly maintain the emission control
system for minimizing emission pollutants. We urge you to read
this manual carefully so that you may understand your vehicle and
its operation. For information not found in this Owner’s Manual,
such as details concerning repairs or adjustments, please contact
the SUBARU dealer from whom you purchased your SUBARU or
the nearest SUBARU dealer.
The information, specifications and illustrations found in this
manual are those in effect at the time of printing. FUJI HEAVY
INDUSTRIES LTD. reserves the right to change specifications and
designs at any time without prior notice and without incurring any
obligation to make the same or similar changes on vehicles
previously sold. This Owner’s Manual applies to all models and
covers all equipment, including factory installed options. Some
explanations, therefore may be for equipment not installed in your
vehicle.
Please leave this manual in the vehicle at the time of resale. The
next owner will need the information found herein.
FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD., TOKYO, JAPAN
is a registered trademark of FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD.
*C Copyright 2009 FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD.
Information Provided by:
This manual describes the following vehicle types.*
* The illustrated vehicle is one of the FORESTER series.
Information Provided by:
Information Provided by:
Warranties
& Warranties for U.S.A.
All SUBARU vehicles distributed by
Subaru of America, Inc. and sold at retail
by an authorized SUBARU dealer in the
United States come with the following
warranties:
. SUBARU Limited Warranty
. Emission Control Systems Warranty
. Emissions Performance Warranty
All warranty information, including details
of coverage and exclusions, is in the
“Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
Please read these warranties carefully.
& Warranties for Canada
All SUBARU vehicles distributed by
Subaru Canada, Inc. and sold at retail by
an authorized SUBARU dealer in Canada
come with the following warranties:
. SUBARU Limited Warranty
. Anti-Corrosion Warranty
. Emission Control Warranty
All warranty information, including details
of coverage and exclusions, is in the
“Warranty and Service Booklet”. Please
read these warranties carefully.
& Models with HID headlights
CAUTION
High Intensity Discharge (HID) headlights contain mercury. For that
reason, it is necessary to remove
HID headlights before vehicle disposal. Once removed, please reuse,
recycle or dispose of the HID headlights as hazardous waste.
& Models without HID headlights
CAUTION
This vehicle does not contain mercury devices or parts.
How to use this Owner’s
Manual
& Using your Owner’s Manual
Before you operate your vehicle, carefully
read this manual. To protect yourself and
extend the service life of your vehicle,
follow the instructions in this manual.
Failure to observe these instructions may
result in serious injury and damage to your
vehicle.
This manual is composed of fourteen
chapters. Each chapter begins with a brief
table of contents, so you can usually tell at
a glance if that chapter contains the
information you want.
Chapter 1: Seat, seatbelt and SRS
airbags
This chapter informs you how to use the
seat and seatbelt and contains precautions for the SRS airbags.
Chapter 2: Keys and doors
This chapter informs you how to operate
the keys, locks and windows.
Chapter 3: Instruments and controls
This chapter informs you about the operation of instrument panel indicators and
how to use the instruments and other
switches.
1
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2
Chapter 4: Climate control
This chapter informs you how to operate
the climate control.
Chapter 5: Audio
This chapter informs you how to operate
your audio system.
Chapter 6: Interior equipment
This chapter informs you how to operate
interior equipment.
Chapter 7: Starting and operating
This chapter informs you how to start and
operate your SUBARU.
Chapter 8: Driving tips
This chapter informs you how to drive your
SUBARU in various conditions and explains some safety tips on driving.
Chapter 9: In case of emergency
This chapter informs you what to do if you
have a problem while driving, such as a
flat tire or engine overheating.
Chapter 10: Appearance care
This chapter informs you how to keep your
SUBARU looking good.
Chapter 11: Maintenance and service
This chapter informs you when you need
to take your SUBARU to the dealer for
scheduled maintenance and informs you
how to keep your SUBARU running
properly.
Chapter 12: Specifications
This chapter informs you about dimensions and capacities of your SUBARU.
Chapter 13: Consumer information and
Reporting safety defects
This chapter informs you about Uniform
tire quality grading standards and Reporting safety defects.
Chapter 14: Index
This is an alphabetical listing of all that’s in
this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
& Safety warnings
You will find a number of WARNINGs,
CAUTIONs and NOTEs in this manual.
These safety warnings alert you to potential hazards that could result in injury to
you or others.
Please read these safety warnings as well
as all other portions of this manual carefully in order to gain a better understanding of how to use your SUBARU vehicle
safely.
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a situation in
which serious injury or death could
result if the warning is ignored.
CAUTION
A CAUTION indicates a situation in
which injury or damage to your
vehicle, or both, could result if the
caution is ignored.
NOTE
A NOTE gives information or suggestions how to make better use of your
vehicle.
& Safety symbol
You will find a circle with a slash through it
in this manual. This symbol means “Do
not”, “Do not do this”, or “Do not let this
happen”, depending upon the context.
Information Provided by:
Vehicle symbols
There are some of the symbols you may
see on your vehicle.
For warning and indicator lights, refer to
“Warning and indicator lights” F18.
Mark Name
WARNING
CAUTION
Power door lock and unlock
Passengers’ windows lock
and unlock
Fuel
Front fog lights
Hazard warning flasher
Engine hood
Mark Name
Seat heater
Child restraint top tether anchorages
Child restraint lower anchorages
Horn
Windshield wiper deicer
Wiper intermittent
Windshield wiper and washer
Windshield wiper mist (for
single wipe)
Rear window wiper
Rear window washer
Lights
Mark Name
Tail lights, license plate light
and instrument panel illumination
Headlights
Turn signal
Illumination brightness
Fan speed
Instrument panel outlets
Instrument panel outlets and
foot outlets
Foot outlets
Windshield defroster and foot
outlets
Windshield defroster
Rear window defogger/Outside mirror defogger
3
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4
Mark Name
Air recirculation
Engine oil
Washer
Door lock (Transmitter)
Door unlock (Transmitter)
Rear gate (Transmitter)
Safety precautions when
driving
& Seatbelt and SRS airbag
WARNING
. All persons in the vehicle should
fasten their seatbelts BEFORE
the vehicle starts to move. Otherwise, the possibility of serious
injury becomes greater in the
event of a sudden stop or accident.
. To obtain maximum protection in
the event of an accident, the
driver and all passengers in the
vehicle should always wear seatbelts when the vehicle is moving.
The SRS (Supplemental Restraint
System) airbag does not do away
with the need to fasten seatbelts.
In combination with the seatbelts, it offers the best combined
protection in case of a serious
accident.
Not wearing a seatbelt increases
the chance of severe injury or
death in a crash even when the
vehicle has the SRS airbag.
. The SRS airbags deploy with
considerable speed and force.
Occupants who are out of proper
position when the SRS airbag
deploys could suffer very serious
injuries. Because the SRS airbag
needs enough space for deployment, the driver should always
sit upright and well back in the
seat as far from the steering
wheel as practical while still
maintaining full vehicle control
and the front passenger should
move the seat as far back as
possible and sit upright and well
back in the seat.
For instructions and precautions, carefully
read the following sections.
. For the seatbelt system, refer to “Seatbelts” F1-11.
. For the SRS airbag system, refer to
“*SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint
System airbag)” F1-34.
Information Provided by:
& Child safety
WARNING
. Never hold a child on your lap or
in your arms while the vehicle is
moving. The passenger cannot
protect the child from injury in a
collision, because the child will
be caught between the passenger and objects inside the vehicle.
. While riding in the vehicle, infants and small children should
always be placed in the REAR
seat in an infant or child restraint
system which is appropriate for
the child’s age, height and
weight. If a child is too big for a
child restraint system, the child
should sit in the REAR seat and
be restrained using the seatbelts.
According to accident statistics,
children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions. Never allow a child
to stand up or kneel on the seat.
. Put children aged 12 and under in
the REAR seat properly restrained at all times in a child
restraint device or in a seatbelt.
The SRS airbag deploys with
considerable speed and force
and can injure or even kill children, especially if they are 12
years of age and under and are
not restrained or improperly restrained. Because children are
lighter and weaker than adults,
their risk of being injured from
deployment is greater.
. NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD
FACING CHILD SEAT IN THE
FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO
THE CHILD BY PLACING THE
CHILD’S HEAD TOO CLOSE TO
THE SRS AIRBAG.
. Always turn the child safety locks
to the “LOCK” position when
children sit on the rear seat.
Serious injury could result if a
child accidentally opens the door
and falls out. Refer to “Child
safety locks” F2-19.
. Always lock the passenger’s windows using the lock switch when
children are riding in the vehicle.
Failure to follow this procedure
could result in injury to a child
operating the power window. Refer to “Power windows” F2-20.
. Never leave unattended children
in the vehicle. They could accidentally injure themselves or
others through inadvertent operation of the vehicle. Also, on
hot or sunny days, temperature
in a closed vehicle could quickly
become high enough to cause
severe or possibly fatal injuries
to them.
For instructions and precautions, carefully
read the following sections.
. For the seatbelt system, refer to “Seatbelts” F1-11.
. For the child restraint system, refer to
“Child restraint systems” F1-23.
. For the SRS airbag system, refer to
“*SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint
System airbag)” F1-34.
& Engine exhaust gas (carbon
monoxide)
WARNING
. Never inhale engine exhaust gas.
Engine exhaust gas contains
carbon monoxide, a colorless
and odorless gas which is dangerous, or even lethal, if inhaled.
. Always properly maintain the en5
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6
gine exhaust system to prevent
engine exhaust gas from entering the vehicle.
. Never run the engine in a closed
space, such as a garage, except
for the brief time needed to drive
the vehicle in or out of it.
. Avoid remaining in a parked
vehicle for a lengthy time while
the engine is running. If that is
unavoidable, then use the ventilation fan to force fresh air into
the vehicle.
. Always keep the front ventilator
inlet grille free from snow, leaves
or other obstructions to ensure
that the ventilation system always works properly.
. If at any time you suspect that
exhaust fumes are entering the
vehicle, have the problem
checked and corrected as soon
as possible. If you must drive
under these conditions, drive
only with all windows fully open.
. Keep the rear gate closed while
driving to prevent exhaust gas
from entering the vehicle.
& Drinking and driving
WARNING
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Alcohol in the bloodstream delays your reaction time
and impairs your perception, judgment and attentiveness. If you drive
after drinking – even if you drink just
a little – it will increase the risk of
being involved in a serious or fatal
accident, injuring or killing yourself,
your passengers and others. In
addition, if you are injured in the
accident, alcohol may increase the
severity of that injury.
Please don’t drink and drive.
Drunken driving is one of the most
frequent causes of accidents. Since alcohol affects all people differently, you may
have consumed too much alcohol to drive
safely even if the level of alcohol in your
blood is below the legal limit. The safest
thing you can do is never drink and drive.
However if you have no choice but to
drive, stop drinking and sober up completely before getting behind the wheel.
& Drugs and driving
WARNING
There are some drugs (over the
counter and prescription) that can
delay your reaction time and impair
your perception, judgment and attentiveness. If you drive after taking
them, it may increase your, your
passengers’ and other persons’ risk
of being involved in a serious or
fatal accident.
If you are taking any drugs, check with
your doctor or pharmacist or read the
literature that accompanies the medication
to determine if the drug you are taking can
impair your driving ability. Do not drive
after taking any medications that can
make you drowsy or otherwise affect your
ability to safely operate a motor vehicle. If
you have a medical condition that requires
you to take drugs, please consult with
your doctor.
Never drive if you are under the influence
of any illicit mind-altering drugs. For your
own health and well-being, we urge you
not to take illegal drugs in the first place
and to seek treatment if you are addicted
to those drugs.
Information Provided by:
& Driving when tired or sleepy
WARNING
When you are tired or sleepy, your
reaction time will be delayed and
your perception, judgment and attentiveness will be impaired. If you
drive when tired or sleepy, your,
your passengers’ and other persons’ chances of being involved in
a serious accident may increase.
Please do not continue to drive but
instead find a safe place to rest if you
are tired or sleepy. On long trips, you
should make periodic rest stops to refresh
yourself before continuing on your journey.
When possible, you should share the
driving with others.
& Modification of your vehicle
CAUTION
Your vehicle should not be modified
other than with genuine SUBARU
parts and accessories. Other types
of modifications could affect its
performance, safety or durability,
and may even violate governmental
regulations. In addition, damage or
performance problems resulting
from modification may not be covered under warranties.
& Car phone/cell phone and
driving
CAUTION
Do not use a car phone/cell phone
while driving; it may distract your
attention from driving and can lead
to an accident. If you use a car
phone/cell phone, pull off the road
and park in a safe place before
using your phone. In some States/
Provinces, only hands-free phones
may legally be used while driving.
& Driving with pets
Unrestrained pets can interfere with your
driving and distract your attention from
driving. In a collision or sudden stop,
unrestrained pets or cages can be thrown
around inside the vehicle and hurt you or
your passengers. Besides, the pets can
be hurt under these situations. It is also for
their own safety that pets should be
properly restrained in your vehicle. Restrain a pet with a special traveling
harness which can be secured to the rear
seat with a seatbelt or use a pet carrier
which can be secured to the rear seat by
routing a seatbelt through the carrier’s
handle. Never restrain pets or pet carriers
in the front passenger’s seat. For further
information, consult your veterinarian,
local animal protection society or pet
shop.
7
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Information Provided by:
8
& Tire pressures
Check and, if necessary, adjust the
pressure of each tire (including the spare)
at least once a month and before any long
journey.
Check the tire pressure when the tires are
cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the
tire pressures to the values shown on the
tire placard. For detailed information, refer
to “Tires and wheels” F11-31.
WARNING
Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause
the tires to deform severely and to
rapidly become hot. A sharp increase in temperature could cause
tread separation, and destruction of
the tires. The resulting loss of
vehicle control could lead to an
accident.
& California proposition 65
warning
WARNING
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids in vehicles and
certain components of product wear
contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause
cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
& On-pavement and off-road
driving
This vehicle is classified as a utility
vehicle. Utility vehicles have a significantly
higher rollover rate than other types of
vehicles. Your vehicle has a higher ground
clearance and higher center of gravity,
making it more likely to roll over than
ordinary passenger cars. It also handles
and maneuvers differently from other
passenger cars. For this reason, please
read carefully the following section and
follow the instructions and precautions in
order to prevent serious injury or death
due to loss of control, rollover and other
accidents. Refer to “On-pavement and offroad driving” F8-6.
Information Provided by:
Table of contents
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1
Keys and doors 2
Instruments and controls
Climate control 4
Audio 5
Interior equipment 6
Starting and operating 7
Driving tips 8
In case of emergency 9
Appearance care 10
Maintenance and service 11
Specifications 12
Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13
Index 14
3
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10
Illustrated index
& Exterior
1) Engine hood (page 11-5)
2) Headlight switch (page 3-26)
3) Replacing bulbs (page 11-47)
4) Wiper switch (page 3-30)
5) Moonroof (page 2-23)
6) Roof rail (page 8-13)
7) Door locks (page 2-4)
8) Tire pressure (page 11-33)
9) Flat tires (page 9-6)
10) Tire chains (page 8-11)
11) Front fog light switch (page 3-28)
12) Tie-down hooks (page 9-12)
13) Towing hook (page 9-12)
Information Provided by:
1) Rear window defogger button
(page 3-35)
2) Fuel filler lid and cap (page 7-4)
3) Child safety locks (page 2-19)
4) Tie-down hook (page 9-13)
5) Rear gate (page 2-22)
6) Towing hook (page 9-13)
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12
& Interior
! Passenger compartment area
1) Lower anchorages for child restraint
system (page 1-30)
2) Seatbelt (page 1-11)
3) Parking brake lever (page 7-33)
4) Front seat (page 1-2)
5) Rear seat (page 1-7)
Information Provided by:
1) Center console (page 6-5)
2) Cup holder (page 6-8)
3) Front power supply socket (page 6-9)
4) Glove box (page 6-5)
13
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14
& Instrument panel 1) Door locks (page 2-4)
2) Outside mirror switch (page 3-34)
3) Illumination brightness control
(page 3-28)
4) Light control lever (page 3-25)
5) Combination meter (page 3-5)
6) Wiper control lever (page 3-29)
7) Hazard warning flasher switch (page 3-5)
8) Audio (page 5-1)
9) Shift lever (MT) (page 7-15)/
Selector lever (AT) (page 7-16)
10) Climate control (page 4-1)
11) Cruise control (page 7-36)
12) Horn (page 3-38)
13) SRS airbag (page 1-34)
14) Tilt/telescopic steering (page 3-37/
page 3-38)
15) Audio control buttons (page 5-26)
16) Fuse box (page 11-45)
17) Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF switch
(page 7-31)
18) Hood lock release knob (page 11-5)
19) Power windows (page 2-20)
Information Provided by:
& Light control and wiper control levers/switches 1) Windshield wiper (page 3-30)
2) Mist (page 3-31)
3) Windshield washer (page 3-31)
4) Rear window wiper and washer switch
(page 3-32)
5) Wiper intermittent time control switch
(page 3-31)
6) Wiper control lever (page 3-29)
7) Light control switch (page 3-25)
8) Fog light switch (page 3-28)
9) Headlight ON/OFF (page 3-26)
10) Headlight flasher High/Low beam
change (page 3-26)
11) Turn signal (page 3-27)
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16
& Combination meter
! U.S.-spec. models
1) Tachometer (page 3-8)
2) Speedometer (page 3-6)
3) Fuel gauge (page 3-8)
4) Trip meter A/B selection and trip meter
reset knob (page 3-6)
5) Odometer/Trip meter (page 3-6)
6) Selector lever and gear position indicator
(AT models) (page 3-21)
7) Coolant temperature low indicator light/
Coolant temperature high warning light
(page 3-13)
Information Provided by:
! Except U.S.-spec. models 1) Tachometer (page 3-8)
2) Speedometer (page 3-6)
3) Fuel gauge (page 3-8)
4) Trip meter A/B selection and trip meter
reset knob (page 3-6)
5) Odometer/Trip meter (page 3-6)
6) Selector lever and gear position indicator
(AT models) (page 3-21)
7) Coolant temperature low indicator light/
Coolant temperature high warning light
(page 3-13)
17
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18
& Warning and indicator lights
Mark Name Page
Seatbelt warning light 3-10
Front passenger’s seatbelt warning light 3-10
SRS airbag system
warning light 3-11
/ Front passenger’s fron-tal airbag ON indicator 3-12
/ Front passenger’s fron-tal airbag OFF indicator 3-12
CHECK ENGINE
warning light/Malfunction
indicator lamp
3-12
Coolant temperature low
indicator light/Coolant
temperature high warning light
3-13
Charge warning light 3-14
Oil pressure warning
light 3-14
AT OIL TEMP warning
light (AT models) 3-14
Mark Name Page
/ ABS warning light 3-16
/ Brake system warninglight 3-17
Door open warning light 3-18
AWD warning light
(AT models) 3-18
Hill start assist warning
light (MT models) 3-18
Vehicle Dynamics Control operation indicator
light
3-19
Vehicle Dynamics Control warning light/Vehicle
Dynamics Control OFF
indicator light
3-19
Turn signal indicator
lights 3-21
High beam indicator light 3-21
Automatic headlight
beam leveler warning
light (models with HID
headlights)
3-18
Mark Name Page
Front fog light indicator
light (if equipped) 3-21
Security indicator light 3-20
Headlight indicator light 3-21
Cruise control indicator
light 3-21
Cruise control set indicator light 3-21
Low fuel warning light 3-18
Low tire pressure warning light
(U.S.-spec. models)
3-15
SPORT mode indicator
light (AT models) 3-20
Information Provided by:
Function settings
A SUBARU dealer can change the settings of the functions shown in the following table to meet your personal requirements. Contact
the nearest SUBARU dealer for details. If your vehicle is equipped with the genuine SUBARU navigation system, the settings for some
of these functions can be changed using the navigation monitor. For details, please refer to the Owner’s Manual supplement for the
navigation system.
Item Function Possible settings Default setting Page
Alarm system Alarm system Operation/Non-operation Operation 2-14
Monitoring start delay time (after closure
of doors)
0 second/30 seconds 30 seconds 2-16
Impact sensor operation (only vehicles
with shock sensors (dealer option))
Operation/Non-operation Non-operation 2-19
Passive arming Operation/Non-operation Non-operation 2-17
Dome light/map lights illumination ON/OFF OFF 2-14
Remote keyless entry system
Hazard warning flasher Operation/Non-operation Operation 2-7
Audible signal Operation/Non-operation Operation 2-10
Key lock-in prevention Key lock-in prevention Operation/Non-operation Operation 2-7
Remote engine start system
(dealer option)
Horn chirp confirmation ON/OFF ON 7-12
Defogger and deicer system
for vehicles with the automatic climate control system
Rear window defogger, outside mirror
defogger and windshield wiper deicer
Operation for 15 minutes/
Continuous operation
Operation for 15 minutes 3-35
Map light/Dome light Operation of map light/dome light OFF
delay timer
OFF/Short/Normal/Long Long 6-2/
6-3
Battery drainage prevention
function
Battery drainage prevention function Operation/Non-operation Operation 2-5
Seatbelt warning Sounds a chime while driving Operation/Non-operation Operation 1-12
19
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Information Provided by:
Front seats........................................................... 1-2
Manual seat ........................................................ 1-3
Power seat (driver’s seat – if equipped) ............... 1-4
Head restraint adjustment.................................... 1-5
Active head restraint ........................................... 1-5
Seat heater (if equipped) .................................... 1-6
Rear seats............................................................ 1-7
Armrest .............................................................. 1-7
Head restraint adjustment.................................... 1-8
Reclining the seatback (if equipped) .................... 1-9
Folding down the rear seatback.......................... 1-10
Seatbelts ............................................................. 1-11
Seatbelt safety tips............................................. 1-11
Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) ................... 1-12
Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor
(A/ELR) ............................................................ 1-12
Seatbelt warning light and chime ........................ 1-12
Fastening the seatbelt ........................................ 1-14
Seatbelt maintenance ......................................... 1-20
Front seatbelt pretensioners ............................. 1-20
System monitors ................................................ 1-21
System servicing ............................................... 1-22
Precautions against vehicle modification............ 1-23
Child restraint systems ..................................... 1-23
Where to place a child restraint system.............. 1-24
Choosing a child restraint system ...................... 1-25
Installing child restraint systems with A/ELR
seatbelt ........................................................... 1-26
Installing a booster seat..................................... 1-29
Installation of child restraint systems by use of
lower and tether anchorages (LATCH) .............. 1-30
Top tether anchorages ....................................... 1-33
*SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint
System airbag)................................................ 1-34
Vehicles with SRS airbags and lap/shoulder
restraints for driver, front passenger, and
window-side rear passengers........................... 1-34
SUBARU advanced frontal airbag system ........... 1-38
SRS side airbag and SRS curtain airbag............. 1-49
SRS airbag system monitors.............................. 1-59
SRS airbag system servicing ............................. 1-59
Precautions against vehicle modification............ 1-60
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
1
Information Provided by:
1-2 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
Front seats
WARNING
. Never adjust the seat while driving to avoid the possibility of
loss of vehicle control and of
personal injury.
. Before adjusting the seat, make
sure the hands and feet of rear
seat passengers and cargo are
clear of the adjusting mechanism.
. Seatbelts provide maximum restraint when the occupant sits
well back and upright in the seat.
To reduce the risk of sliding
under the seatbelt in a collision,
the front seatbacks should be
always used in the upright position while the vehicle is running.
If the front seatbacks are not
used in the upright position in a
collision, the risk of sliding under
the lap belt and of the lap belt
sliding up over the abdomen will
increase, and both can result in
serious internal injury or death.
. The SRS airbags deploy with
considerable speed and force.
Occupants who are out of proper
position when the SRS airbag
deploys could suffer very serious
injuries. Because the SRS airbag
needs enough space for deployment, the driver should always
sit upright and well back in the
seat as far from the steering
wheel as practical while still
maintaining full vehicle control
and the front passenger should
move the seat as far back as
possible and sit upright and well
back in the seat.
WARNING
Put children aged 12 and under in
the rear seat properly restrained at
all times. The SRS airbag deploys
with considerable speed and force
and can injure or even kill children,
especially if they are 12 years of age
and under and are not restrained or
improperly restrained. Because children are lighter and weaker than
adults, their risk of being injured
from deployment is greater. For that
reason, we strongly recommend
that ALL children (including those
in child seats and those that have
outgrown child restraint devices) sit
in the REAR seat properly restrained at all times in a child
restraint device or in a seatbelt,
whichever is appropriate for the
child’s age, height and weight. Secure ALL types of child restraint
devices (including forward facing
child seat) in the REAR seats at all
times.
NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FA-
CING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT
SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD
BY PLACING THE CHILD’S HEAD
TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG.
According to accident statistics,
children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions. For instructions and precauInformation Provided by:
tions concerning child restraint systems, refer to “Child restraint systems” F1-23.
& Manual seat
! Forward and backward adjustment
Pull the lever upward and slide the seat to
the desired position. Then release the
lever and move the seat back and forth to
make sure that it is securely locked into
place.
! Reclining the seatback
Pull the reclining lever up and adjust the
seatback to the desired position. Then
release the lever and make sure the
seatback is securely locked into place.
The seatback placed in a reclined position
can spring back upward with force when
the lever is pulled. While operating the
lever to return the seatback, hold the
seatback lightly so that it may be raised
back gradually.
WARNING
To prevent the passenger from sliding under the seatbelt in the event of
a collision, always put the seatback
in the upright position while the
vehicle is in motion. Also, do not
place objects such as cushions
between the passenger and the
seatback. If you do so, the risk of
sliding under the lap belt and of the
lap belt sliding up over the abdomen
will increase, and both can result in
serious internal injury or death.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-4 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
! Seat cushion height adjustment
(driver’s seat)
1) When the lever is pushed down, the seat
is lowered.
2) When the lever is pulled up, the seat
rises.
The height of the seat can be adjusted by
moving the seat cushion adjustment lever
up and down.
& Power seat (driver’s seat – if
equipped)
1) Seat position forward/backward control switch
To adjust the seat forward or backward,
move the control switch forward or
backward. During forward/backward adjustment of the seat, you cannot adjust
the seat cushion angle or seat cushion
height.
2) Seat cushion angle control switch
To adjust the seat cushion angle, pull up
or push down the front end of the control
switch.
3) Seatback angle (reclining) control
switch
To adjust the angle of the seatback,
move the control switch.
4) Seat height control switch
To adjust the seat height, pull up or push
down the rear end of the control switch.
5) Lumbar support control switch
To increase lower back support, push the
front side of the switch. To decrease
lower back support, push the rear side of
the switch.
Information Provided by:
WARNING
To prevent the passenger from sliding under the seatbelt in the event of
a collision, always put the seatback
in the upright position while the
vehicle is in motion. Also, do not
place objects such as cushions
between the passenger and the
seatback. If you do so, the risk of
sliding under the lap belt and of the
lap belt sliding up over the abdomen
will increase, and both can result in
serious internal injury or death.
& Head restraint adjustment
1) Head restraint
2) Release button
To raise the head restraint, pull it up.
To lower it, push the head restraint down
while pressing the release button on the
top of the seatback.
. To remove the head restraint
While pressing the release button, pull out
the head restraint.
. To install the head restraint
Install the head restraint into the holes that
are located on the top of seatback until it
locks.
The head restraint should be adjusted so
that the center of the head restraint is
closest to the top of the occupant’s ears.
WARNING
Never drive the vehicle with the
head restraints removed because
they are designed to reduce the risk
of serious neck injury in the event
that the vehicle is struck from the
rear. Therefore, when you remove
the head restraints, you must reinstall all of the head restraints to
protect vehicle occupants.
& Active head restraint
The front seats of your vehicle are
equipped with active head restraints. They
automatically tilt forward slightly in the
event the vehicle is struck from the rear,
decreasing the amount of rearward head
movement and thus reducing the risk of
whiplash. For maximum effectiveness, the
head restraint should be adjusted so that
the center of the head restraint is closest
to the top of the occupant’s ears.
CAUTION
. Each active head restraint is
effective only when its height is
properly adjusted and driver/passenger sits in the correct position on the seat.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-6 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
. If your vehicle is involved in a
rear-end collision, have an
authorized SUBARU dealer inspect the active head restraints.
. The active head restraints may
not operate in the event the
vehicle experiences only a slight
impact in the rear.
. The active head restraints may be
damaged if they are pushed hard
from behind or subjected to
shock. As a result, they may not
function if the vehicle suffers a
rear impact.
Seat heater (if equipped)
Each front seat is equipped with a seat
heater.
The seat heater operates when the ignition switch is either in the “Acc” or “ON”
position.
Each seat heater has four levels of
adjustment. To use the heater in the
right-hand seat, turn the “R” adjustment
dial forward until the “ ” mark reaches the
desired position. To activate the heater in
the left-hand seat, turn the “L” adjustment
dial forward until the “ ” mark reaches the
desired position. Each heater warms the
seat most quickly with the “ ” mark on the
adjustment dial in the furthest-forward
position. An indicator light next to the
adjustment dial for each seat heater
illuminates when that seat heater is
activated.
When the vehicle’s interior is warmed
enough or before you leave the vehicle,
always turn the adjustment dial to the
most rearward position so that the “ ”
mark reaches to the “OFF” position.
CAUTION
. There is a possibility that people
with delicate skin may suffer
slight burns even at low temperatures if they use the seat heater
for a long period of time. When
using the heater, always be sure
to warn the persons concerned.
. Do not put anything on the seat
which insulates against heat,
such as a blanket, cushion, or
similar items. This may cause the
seat heater to overheat.
NOTE
Use of the seat heater for a long period
of time while the engine is not running
can cause battery discharge.
Information Provided by:
Rear seats
WARNING
Seatbelts provide maximum restraint when the occupant sits well
back and upright in the seat. Do not
put cushions or any other materials
between occupants and seatbacks
or seat cushions. If you do so, the
risk of sliding under the lap belt and
of the lap belt sliding up over the
abdomen will increase, and both can
result in serious internal injury or
death.
WARNING
Never stack luggage or other cargo
higher than the top of the seatback
because it could tumble forward and
injure passengers in the event of a
sudden stop or accident.
& Armrest
To lower the armrest, pull on the top edge
of the armrest.
WARNING
To avoid the possibility of serious
injury, passengers must never be
allowed to sit on the center armrest
while the vehicle is in motion.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-8 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
& Head restraint adjustment
WARNING
Never drive the vehicle with the
head restraints removed because
they are designed to reduce the risk
of serious neck injury in the event
that the vehicle is struck from the
rear.
! Rear windows side seating position
CAUTION
The head restraint is not intended to
be used at the lowest position.
Before sitting on the seat, raise the
head restraint to an appropriate
position depending on your sitting
height.
A) When not used (retracted position)
B) When used (click position)
To raise the head restraint, pull it up.
To lower it, push the head restraint down
while pressing the release button on the
top of the seatback.
The head restraint should be adjusted so
that the center of the head restraint is
closest to the top of the occupant’s ears.
When the seats are not occupied, lower
the head restraints to improve rearward
visibility.
! Rear center seating position
CAUTION
The head restraint is not intended to
be used at the lowest position.
Before sitting on the seat, raise the
head restraint to an appropriate
position depending on your sitting
height.
A) When not used (retracted position)
B) When used (click position)
Information Provided by:
To raise the head restraint, pull it up while
pressing the release button on the top of
the seatback.
To lower it, push the head restraint down
while pressing the release button.
When the rear-center seating position is
occupied, raise the head restraint to an
appropriate position depending on your
sitting height. When the rear center seating position is not occupied, lower the
head restraint to improve rearward visibility.
& Reclining the seatback (if
equipped)
WARNING
To prevent the passenger from sliding under the seatbelt in the event of
a collision, always put the seatback
in the upright position while the
vehicle is in motion. Also, do not
place objects such as cushions
between the passenger and the
seatback. If you do so, the risk of
sliding under the lap belt and of the
lap belt sliding up over the abdomen
will increase, and both can result in
serious internal injury or death.
CAUTION
If the vehicle is equipped with a
cargo area cover, observe the following precautions.
. Be careful not to pinch your hand
between the headrest and the
cargo area cover when you recline the rear seat.
. Move the front cover of the cargo
area cover backward so that the
cover is not damaged by the
reclined seatback. Refer to “Cargo area cover (dealer option)”
F6-13.
Push the switch and adjust the seatback
to the desired position.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-10 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
Then release the switch and make sure
the seatback is securely locked into place.
& Folding down the rear seatback
WARNING
. After returning the rear seatback
to its original position, be certain
to place all of the seatbelts and
the tab attached to the seat
cushion above the seat cushion.
And make certain that the
shoulder belts are fully visible.
. Never allow passengers to ride
on the folded rear seatback or in
the cargo area. Doing so may
result in serious injury or death.
. Secure all objects and especially
long items properly to prevent
them from being thrown around
inside the vehicle and causing
serious injury during a sudden
stop, a sudden steering maneuver or a rapid acceleration.
. For vehicles equipped with the
rear seat center table, when folding down the rear seatback, return the rear seat center table to
its original position. If the rear
seat center table is not returned
to its original position, the rear
seat center table could break and
bodily injury could occur.
CAUTION
Vehicles with the reclining function
may automatically fold down
strongly because of it’s internal
spring. Operate the seatback assisting with your hands.
1. Lower the head restraints.
2. Unlock the seatback by pulling the
release knob and then fold the seatback
down.
To return the seatback to its original
position, raise the seatback until it locks
into place and make sure that it is securely
locked.
Information Provided by:
Seatbelts
& Seatbelt safety tips
WARNING
. All persons in the vehicle should
fasten their seatbelts BEFORE
the vehicle starts to move. Otherwise, the possibility of serious
injury becomes greater in the
event of a sudden stop or accident.
. All belts should fit snugly in order
to provide full restraint. Loose
fitting belts are not as effective in
preventing or reducing injury.
. Each seatbelt is designed to
support only one person. Never
use a single belt for two or more
persons – even children. Otherwise, in an accident, serious
injury or death could result.
. Replace all seatbelt assemblies
including retractors and attaching hardware worn by occupants
of a vehicle that has been in a
serious accident. The entire assembly should be replaced even
if damage is not obvious.
. Put children aged 12 and under in
the rear seat properly restrained
at all times. The SRS airbag
deploys with considerable speed
and force and can injure or even
kill children, especially if they are
12 years of age and under and
are not restrained or improperly
restrained. Because children are
lighter and weaker than adults,
their risk of being injured from
deployment is greater. For that
reason, we strongly recommend
that ALL children (including
those in child seats and those
that have outgrown child restraint devices) sit in the REAR
seat properly restrained at all
times in a child restraint device
or in a seatbelt, whichever is
appropriate for the child’s height
and weight.
Secure ALL types of child restraint devices (including forward facing child seats) in the
REAR seats at all times.
NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD
FACING CHILD SEAT IN THE
FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO
THE CHILD BY PLACING THE
CHILD’S HEAD TOO CLOSE TO
THE SRS AIRBAG.
According to accident statistics,
children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions. For instructions
and precautions concerning the
child restraint system, refer to
“Child restraint systems” F1-23.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash
sensing and diagnostic module, which will
record the use of the seatbelt by the front
passenger when any of the SRS frontal
and side airbags deploy.
! Infants or small children
Use a child restraint system that is
suitable for your vehicle. Refer to “Child
restraint systems” F1-23.
! Children
If a child is too big for a child restraint
system, the child should sit in the rear seat
and be restrained using the seatbelts.
According to accident statistics, children
are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front
seating positions. Never allow a child to
stand up or kneel on the seat.
If the shoulder portion of the belt crosses
the face or neck, adjust the shoulder belt
anchor height (window-side seating posiSeat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-12 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
tions only) and then if necessary move the
child closer to the belt buckle to help
provide a good shoulder belt fit. Care must
be taken to securely place the lap belt as
low as possible on the hips and not on the
child’s waist. If the shoulder portion of the
belt cannot be properly positioned, a child
restraint system should be used. Never
place the shoulder belt under the child’s
arm or behind the child’s back.
! Expectant mothers
Expectant mothers also need to use the
seatbelts. They should consult their doctor
for specific recommendations. The lap belt
should be worn securely and as low as
possible over the hips, not over the waist.
& Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)
The driver’s seatbelt has an Emergency
Locking Retractor (ELR).
The emergency locking retractor allows
normal body movement but the retractor
locks automatically during a sudden stop,
impact or if you pull the belt very quickly
out of the retractor.
& Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor (A/ELR)
Each passenger’s seatbelt has an Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor (A/
ELR). The Automatic/Emergency Locking
Retractor normally functions as an Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR). The A/
ELR has an additional locking mode
“Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR)
mode” intended to secure a child restraint
system. When the seatbelt is once drawn
out completely and is then retracted even
slightly, the retractor locks the seatbelt in
that position and the seatbelt cannot be
extended. As the belt is rewinding, clicks
will be heard which indicate the retractor
functions as an ALR. When the seatbelt is
retracted fully, the ALR mode is released.
When securing a child restraint system on
the rear seats by the use of the seatbelt,
the seatbelt must be changed over to the
Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) mode.
When the child restraint system is removed, make sure that the seatbelt
retracts fully and the retractor returned to
the Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)
mode.
For instructions on how to convert the
retractor to the ALR mode and restore it to
the ELR mode, refer to “Installing child
restraint systems with A/ELR seatbelt”
F1-26.
& Seatbelt warning light
and chime
Your vehicle is equipped with a seatbelt
warning device at the driver’s and front
passenger’s seat, as required by current
safety standards.
With the ignition switch turned to the “ON”
position, this device reminds the driver
and front passenger to fasten their seatbelts by illuminating the warning lights in
the locations indicated in the following
illustration and sounding a chime.
Information Provided by:
Driver’s warning light
Front passenger’s warning light
! Operation
If the driver and/or front passenger have/
has not yet fastened the seatbelt(s) when
the ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position, the seatbelt warning light(s) will
flash for 6 seconds, to warn that the
seatbelt(s) is/are unfastened. If the driver’s seatbelt is not fastened, a chime will
also sound simultaneously.
NOTE
. If the driver’s and/or front passenger’s seatbelt(s) are/is still not fastened
6 seconds later, the seatbelt warning
device operates as follows according
to the vehicle speed.
– At speeds lower than approximately 9 mph (15 km/h)
The warning light(s) for unfastened
seatbelt(s) will alternate between
steady illumination and flashing at
15-second intervals. The chime will
not sound.
– At speeds higher than approximately 9 mph (15 km/h)
The warning light(s) for unfastened
seatbelt(s) will alternate between
flashing and steady illumination at
15-second intervals and the chime
will sound while the warning light(s)
is/are flashing.
. It is possible to cancel the warning
operation that follows the 6-second
warning after turning ON the ignition
switch. When the ignition switch is
turned ON next time, however, the
complete sequence of the warning
operation resumes. For further details
about canceling the warning operation,
please contact your SUBARU dealer.
If there is no passenger on the front
passenger’s seat, the seatbelt warning
device for the front passenger’s seat will
be deactivated. The front passenger’s
occupant detection system monitors
whether or not there is a passenger on
the front passenger’s seat.
Observe the following precautions. Failure
to do so may prevent the device from
functioning correctly or cause the device
to fail.
. Do not install any accessory such as a
table or TV onto the seatback.
. Do not store a heavy load in the
seatback pocket.
. Do not allow the rear seat occupant to
place his/her hands or legs on the front
passenger’s seatback, or allow him/her to
pull the seatback.
. Do not use front seats with their backward-forward position and seatback not
being locked into place securely. If any of
them are not locked securely, adjust them
again. For the adjustment procedure of
the manual seats, refer to “Manual seat”
F1-3.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-14 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
If the seatbelt warning device for the front
passenger’s seat does not function correctly (e.g., it is activated even when the
front passenger’s seat is empty or it is
deactivated even when the front passenger has not fastened his/her seatbelt),
take the following actions.
. Ensure that no article is placed on the
seat other than a child restraint system
and the child occupant, although we
strongly recommended that all children
sit in the rear seat properly restrained.
. Ensure that there is no article left in the
seatback pocket.
. Ensure that the backward-forward position and seatback of front passenger’s
seat are locked into place securely by
moving the seat back and forth.
If the seatbelt warning device for front
passenger’s seat still does not function
correctly after taking relevant corrective
actions described above, immediately
contact your SUBARU dealer for an
inspection.
& Fastening the seatbelt
WARNING
. Never use a belt that is twisted or
reversed. In an accident, this can
increase the risk or severity of
injury.
. Keep the lap belt as low as
possible on your hips. In a collision, this spreads the force of the
lap belt over stronger hip bones
instead of across the weaker
abdomen.
. Seatbelts provide maximum restraint when the occupant sits
well back and upright in the seat.
To reduce the risk of sliding
under the seatbelt in a collision,
the front seatbacks should be
always used in the upright position while the vehicle is running.
If the front seatbacks are not
used in the upright position in a
collision, the risk of sliding under
the lap belt and of the lap belt
sliding up over the abdomen will
increase, and both can result in
serious internal injury or death.
. Do not put cushions or any other
materials between occupants
and seatbacks or seat cushions.
If you do so, the risk of sliding
under the lap belt and of the lap
belt sliding up over the abdomen
will increase, and both can result
in serious internal injury or
death.
WARNING
Never place the shoulder belt under
the arm or behind the back. If an
accident occurs, this can increase
the risk or severity of injury.
Information Provided by:
CAUTION
Metallic parts of the seatbelt can
become very hot in a vehicle that
has been closed up in sunny weather; they could burn an occupant. Do
not touch such hot parts until they
cool.
! Front seatbelts
1. Adjust the seat position according to
the following procedure.
Driver’s seat: Adjust the seatback to the
upright position. Move the seat as far from
the steering wheel as practical while still
maintaining full vehicle control.
Front passenger’s seat: Adjust the seatback to the upright position. Move the seat
as far back as possible.
2. Sit well back in the seat.
3. Pick up the tongue plate and pull the
belt out slowly. Do not let it get twisted. If
the belt stops before reaching the buckle,
return the belt slightly and pull it out more
slowly. If the belt still cannot be unlocked,
let the belt retract slightly after giving it a
strong pull, then pull it out slowly again.
4. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle
until you hear a click.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on
the shoulder belt.
6. Place the lap belt as low as possible
on your hips, not on your waist.
! Adjusting the front seat shoulder
belt anchor height
The shoulder belt anchor height should be
adjusted to the position best suited for the
driver/front passenger.
To lower the anchor height, pull the
release knob and slide the anchor down.
To raise the anchor height, slide the
anchor up. Pull down on the anchor to
make sure that it is locked in place.
Always adjust the anchor height so that
the shoulder belt passes over the middle
of the shoulder without touching the neck.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-16 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
WARNING
When wearing the seatbelts, make
sure the shoulder portion of the
webbing does not pass over your
neck. If it does, adjust the seatbelt
anchor to a lower position. Placing
the shoulder belt over the neck may
result in neck injury during sudden
braking or in a collision.
! Unfastening the seatbelt
Push the button on the buckle.
Before closing the door, make sure that
the belts are retracted properly to avoid
catching the belt webbing in the door.
! Rear seatbelts (except rear center
seatbelt)
1. Sit well back in the seat.
2. Pick up the tongue plate and pull the
belt out slowly. Do not let it get twisted. If
the belt stops before reaching the buckle,
return the belt slightly and pull it out more
slowly. If the belt still cannot be unlocked,
let the belt retract slightly after giving a
strong pull on it, then pull it out slowly
again.
3. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle
until you hear a click.
4. To make the lap part tight, pull up on
the shoulder belt.
5. Place the lap belt as low as possible
on your hips, not on your waist.
! Unfastening the seatbelt
Information Provided by:
Push the button on the buckle.
Before closing the door, make sure that
the belts are retracted properly to avoid
catching the belt webbing in the door.
! Rear center seatbelt
1) Center seatbelt tongue plate
2) Connector (tongue)
3) Connector (buckle)
4) Center seatbelt buckle
WARNING
Fastening the seatbelt with the webbing twisted can increase the risk or
severity of injury in an accident.
When fastening the belt after it is
pulled out from the retractor, especially when inserting the connector’s tongue plate into the mating
buckle (on right-hand side), always
check that the webbing is not
twisted.
WARNING
Be sure to fasten both tongue plates
to the respective buckles. If the
seatbelt is used only as a shoulder
belt (with the connector’s tongue
plate not fastened to the connector’s buckle on the right-hand side),
it cannot properly restrain the wearer in position in an accident, possibly resulting in serious injury or
death.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-17
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-18 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
The rear center seatbelt is stowed in a
recessed compartment located in the
ceiling above the cargo area.
1. Remove the tongue plate from the slot
in the recessed compartment and pull out
the seatbelt slowly.
2. After drawing out the seatbelt, pass it
through the belt guide.
3. After confirming that the webbing is not
twisted, insert the connector (tongue)
attached at the webbing end into the
buckle on the right-hand side until a click
is heard.
If the belt stops before reaching the
buckle, return the belt slightly and pull it
out more slowly. If the belt still cannot be
unlocked, let the belt retract slightly after
giving it a strong pull, then pull it out slowly
again.
4. Insert the center seatbelt tongue plate
into the center seatbelt buckle marked
“CENTER” on the left-hand side until it
clicks.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on
the shoulder belt.
Information Provided by:
6. Place the lap belt as low as possible
on your hips, not on your waist.
! Unfastening the seatbelt
Push the release button of the center
seatbelt buckle (on the left-hand side) to
unfasten the seatbelt.
NOTE
When the seatback is folded down for
greater cargo area, it is necessary to
disconnect the connector.
1. Insert a key or other hard pointed
object into the slot in the connector
(buckle) on the right-hand side and push
it in, and the connector (tongue) plate will
disconnect from the buckle.
2. Allow the retractor to roll up the belt.
You should hold the webbing end and
guide it back into the retractor while it is
rolling up. Neatly store the tongue plate in
the recessed compartment and then insert
the connector (tongue) plate into the slot.
CAUTION
. Do not allow the retractor to roll
up the seatbelt too quickly.
Otherwise, the metal tongue
plates may hit against the trim,
resulting in damaged trim.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-19
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-20 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
. Have the seatbelt fully rolled up
so that the tongue plates are
neatly stored. A hanging tongue
plate can swing and hit against
the trim during driving, causing
damage to the trim.
& Seatbelt maintenance
To clean the seatbelts, use a mild soap
and lukewarm water. Never bleach or dye
the belts because this could seriously
affect their strength.
Inspect the seatbelts and attachments
including the webbing and all hardware
periodically for cracks, cuts, gashes,
tears, damage, loose bolts or worn areas.
Replace the seatbelts even if only minor
damage is found.
CAUTION
. Keep the belts free of polishes,
oils, chemicals and particularly
battery acid.
. Never attempt to make modifications or changes that will prevent
the seatbelt from operating properly.
Front seatbelt pretensioners
The driver’s and front passenger’s seatbelts have a seatbelt pretensioner. The
seatbelt pretensioners for the driver’s seat
and front passenger’s seat operate at the
same time as the frontal, and side SRS
airbags. If the vehicle rolls over, they
operate simultaneously with the curtain
airbag.
The front and side airbag sensors and the
rollover sensor are used as the pretensioner sensors. If a sensor detects a
certain predetermined amount of force
during a frontal collision, a side impact
collision or a rollover collision, the front
seatbelt is quickly drawn back in by the
retractor to take up the slack so that the
belt more effectively restrains the front
seat occupant.
When a seatbelt pretensioner is activated,
an operating noise will be heard and a
small amount of smoke will be released.
These occurrences are normal and not
harmful. This smoke does not indicate a
fire in the vehicle.
Once the seatbelt pretensioner has been
activated, the seatbelt retractor remains
locked. Consequently, the seatbelt can not
be pulled out and retracted and therefore
must be replaced.
NOTE
. Seatbelt pretensioners are not designed to activate in minor frontal or
side impacts or in rear impacts.
. The driver’s seat and passenger’s
seat pretensioners and frontal, side or
curtain SRS airbags operate simultaneously.
. Pretensioners are designed to function on a one-time-only basis. In the
event that a pretensioner is activated,
both the driver’s and front passenger’s
seatbelt retractor assemblies must be
replaced only by an authorized
SUBARU dealer. When replacing seatbelt retractor assemblies, use only
genuine SUBARU parts.
Information Provided by:
. If either front seatbelt does not
retract or cannot be pulled out due to
a malfunction or activation of the
pretensioner, contact your SUBARU
dealer as soon as possible.
. If the front seatbelt retractor assembly or surrounding area has been
damaged, contact your SUBARU dealer
as soon as possible.
. When you sell your vehicle, we urge
you to explain to the buyer that it has
seatbelt pretensioners by alerting him
to the contents of this section.
WARNING
. To obtain maximum protection,
the occupants should sit in an
upright position with their seatbelts properly fastened. Refer to
“Seatbelts” F1-11.
. Do not modify, remove or strike
the front seatbelt retractor assemblies or surrounding area.
This could result in accidental
activation of the seatbelt pretensioners or could make the system inoperative, possibly resulting in serious injury. Seatbelt
pretensioners have no user-serviceable parts. For required servicing of front seatbelt retractors
equipped with seatbelt pretensioners, see your nearest
SUBARU dealer.
. When discarding front seatbelt
retractor assemblies or scrapping the entire vehicle due to
collision damage or for other
reasons, consult your SUBARU
dealer.
& System monitors
SRS airbag system warning light
A diagnostic system continually monitors
the readiness of the seatbelt pretensioner
while the vehicle is being driven. The
seatbelt pretensioners share the control
module with the SRS airbag system.
Therefore, if any malfunction occurs in a
seatbelt pretensioner, the SRS airbag
system warning light will illuminate. The
SRS airbag system warning light will show
normal system operation by lighting for
approximately 6 seconds when the ignition switch is turned to the “ON” position.
The following components are monitored
by the indicator:
. Front sub sensor (right-hand side)
. Front sub sensor (left-hand side)
. Airbag control module (including impact and rollover sensors)
. Frontal airbag module (driver’s side)
. Frontal airbag module (front passenger’s side)
. Side airbag sensor (center pillar righthand side)
. Side airbag sensor (center pillar lefthand side)
. Side airbag module (driver’s side)
. Side airbag module (front passenger’s
side)
. Curtain airbag sensor (rear wheel
house right-hand side)
. Curtain airbag sensor (rear wheel
house left-hand side)
. Curtain airbag module (right side)
. Curtain airbag module (left side)
. Satellite safing sensor (under the rear
center seat)
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-21
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-22 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
. Seatbelt pretensioner (driver’s side)
. Seatbelt pretensioner (front passenger’s side)
. Seatbelt buckle switch (front passenger’s side)
. Front passenger’s seatbelt tension
sensor
. Front passenger’s occupant detection
system weight sensor
. Front passenger’s occupant detection
control module
. Front passenger’s frontal airbag ON
and OFF indicator
. All related wiring
WARNING
If the warning light exhibits any of
the following conditions, there may
be a malfunction in the seatbelt
pretensioners and/or SRS airbag
system. Immediately take your vehicle to your nearest SUBARU dealer
to have the system checked. Unless
checked and properly repaired, the
seatbelt pretensioners and/or SRS
airbag will not operate properly in
the event of a collision, which may
increase the risk of injury.
. Flashing or flickering of the warning light
. No illumination of the warning
light when the ignition switch is
first turned to the “ON” position
. Continuous illumination of the
warning light
. Illumination of the warning light
while driving
& System servicing
WARNING
. When discarding a seatbelt retractor assembly or scrapping
the entire vehicle damaged by a
collision, consult your SUBARU
dealer.
. Tampering with or disconnecting
the system’s wiring could result
in accidental activation of the
seatbelt pretensioner and/or
SRS airbag or could make the
system inoperative, which may
result in serious injury. Do not
use electrical test equipment on
any circuit related to the seatbelt
pretensioner and SRS airbag
systems. For required servicing
of the seatbelt pretensioner, consult your nearest SUBARU dealer.
CAUTION
The front sub sensors are located
on both the right and left sides at the
front of the vehicle, and the SRS
airbag control module including the
impact sensors is located under the
center console. If you need service
or repair in those areas or near the
front seatbelt retractors, have the
work performed by your authorized
SUBARU dealer.
NOTE
If the front part of the vehicle is
damaged in an accident to the extent
Information Provided by:
that the seatbelt pretensioner does not
operate, contact your SUBARU dealer
as soon as possible.
& Precautions against vehicle
modification
Always consult your SUBARU dealer if
you want to install any accessory parts to
your vehicle.
CAUTION
Do not perform any of the following
modifications. Such modifications
can interfere with proper operation
of the seatbelt pretensioners.
. Attachment of any equipment
(bush bar, winches, snow plow,
skid plate, etc.) other than genuine SUBARU accessory parts to
the front end.
. Modification of the suspension
system or front end structure.
. Installation of a tire of different
size and construction from the
tires specified on the vehicle
placard attached to the driver’s
door pillar or specified for individual vehicle models in this Owner’s Manual.
Child restraint systems
Infants and small children should always
be placed in an infant or child restraint
system in the rear seat while riding in the
vehicle. You should use an infant or child
restraint system that meets Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards or Canada
Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, is compatible with your vehicle and is appropriate for the child’s age and size. All child
restraint systems are designed to be
secured in vehicle seats by lap belts or
the lap belt portion of a lap/shoulder belt
(except those described in “Installation of
child restraint systems by use of lower and
tether anchorages (LATCH)” F1-30).
Children could be endangered in an
accident if their child restraints are not
properly secured in the vehicle. When
installing the child restraint system, carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
According to accident statistics, children
are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front
seating positions.
All U.S. states and Canadian provinces
require that infants and small children be
restrained in an approved child restraint
system at all times while the vehicle is
moving.
WARNING
Never let a passenger hold a child
on his or her lap or in his or her
arms while the vehicle is moving.
The passenger cannot protect the
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-23
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-24 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
child from injury in a collision,
because the child will be caught
between the passenger and objects
inside the vehicle.
Additionally, holding a child in your
lap or arms in the front seat exposes
that child to another serious danger.
Since the SRS airbag deploys with
considerable speed and force, the
child could be injured or even killed.
WARNING
Children should be properly restrained at all times. Never allow a
child to stand up, or to kneel on any
seat. Unrestrained children will be
thrown forward during sudden stop
or in an accident and can be injured
seriously.
Additionally, children standing up or
kneeling on or in front of the front
seat are exposed another serious
danger. Since the SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and
force, the child could be injured or
even killed.
& Where to place a child restraint system
The following are SUBARU’s recommendations on where to place a child restraint
system in your vehicle.
A: Front passenger’s seat
You should not install a child restraint
system (including a booster seat) due to
the hazard to children posed by the
passenger’s airbag.
B: Rear seat, window-side seating
positions
Recommended positions for all types of
child restraint systems.
In these positions, Automatic/Emergency
Locking Retractor (A/ELR) seatbelts and
lower anchorages (bars) are provided for
installing a child restraint system.
Some types of child restraints might not be
able to be secured firmly due to projection
of the seat cushion.
In this seating position, you should use
only a child restraint system that has a
bottom base that fits snugly against the
contours of the seat cushion and can be
securely retained using the seatbelt.
C: Rear seat, center seating position
Installing a child restraint system is not
recommended, although the A/ELR seatbelt and an upper anchorage (tether
anchorage) are provided in this position.
Some types of child restraints might not be
able to be secured firmly due to projection
of the seat cushion.
In this seating position, you should use
Information Provided by:
only a child restraint system that has a
bottom base that fits snugly against the
contours of the seat cushion and can be
securely retained using the seatbelt.
If it is unavoidable to install a child
restraint system in the rear seat’s center
seating position, lower the center head
restraint to the lowest position and install
the child restraint system by correctly
passing the rear center seatbelt through
the belt guide.
WARNING
Put children aged 12 and under in
the rear seat properly restrained at
all times. The SRS airbag deploys
with considerable speed and force
and can injure or even kill children,
especially if they are 12 years of age
and under and are not restrained or
improperly restrained. Because children are lighter and weaker than
adults, their risk of being injured
from deployment is greater.
For that reason, be sure to secure
ALL types of child restraint devices
(including forward facing child
seats) in the REAR seats at all times.
You should choose a restraint device which is appropriate for the
child’s age, height and weight. According to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating positions.
WARNING
S I NCE YOUR VEH I C L E I S
EQUIPPED WITH A PASSENGER’S
SRS AIRBAG, NEVER INSTALL A
REARWARD FAC ING CH ILD
SAFETY SEAT IN THE FRONT PAS-
SENGER’S SEAT. DOING SO RISKS
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO
THE CHILD BY PLACING THE
CHILD’S HEAD TOO CLOSE TO
THE SRS AIRBAG.
& Choosing a child restraint
system
Choose a child restraint system that is
appropriate for the child’s age and size
(weight and height) in order to provide the
child with proper protection. The child
restraint system should meet all applicable requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards for the United States
or of Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards for Canada. It can be identified by
looking for the label on the child restraint
system or the manufacturer’s statement of
compliance in the document attached to
the system.
Also it is important for you to make sure
that the child restraint system is compatible with the vehicle in which it will be
used.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-25
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-26 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
& Installing child restraint systems with A/ELR seatbelt
WARNING
. Child restraint systems and seatbelts can become hot in a vehicle
that has been closed up in sunny
weather; they could burn a small
child. Check the child restraint
system before you place a child
in it.
. Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint system in your vehicle.
Unsecured child restraint systems can be thrown around inside of the vehicle in a sudden
stop, turn or accident; they can
strike and injure vehicle occupants as well as result in serious
injuries or death to the child.
CAUTION
When you install a child restraint
system, follow the manufacturer’s
instructions supplied with it. After
installing the child restraint system,
check to ensure that it is held
securely in position. If it is not held
tight and secure, the danger of your
child suffering personal injury in the
event of an accident may be increased.
! Installing a rearward facing child
restraint
1. Place the child restraint system in the
rear seating position.
2. Run the lap and shoulder belt through
or around the child restraint system
following the instructions provided by its
manufacturer.
3. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle
until you hear a click.
4. Take up the slack in the lap belt.
5. Pull out the seatbelt fully from the
retractor to change the retractor over from
the Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)
to the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR)
function. Then, allow the belt to rewind
into the retractor. As the belt is rewinding,
clicks will be heard which indicate the
retractor functions as ALR.
Information Provided by:
6. Push and pull the child restraint
system forward and from side to side to
check if it is firmly secured. Sometimes a
child restraint can be more firmly secured
by pushing it down into the seat cushion
and then tightening the seatbelt.
7. Pull at the shoulder portion of the belt
to confirm that it cannot be pulled out (ALR
properly functioning).
8. To remove the child restraint system,
press the release button on the seatbelt
buckle and allow the belt to retract
completely. The belt will return to the
ELR mode.
WARNING
NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FA-
CING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT
PASSENGER’S SEAT. DOING SO
RISKS SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
TO THE CHILD BY PLACING THE
CHILD’S HEAD TOO CLOSE TO THE
SRS AIRBAG.
NOTE
When the child restraint system is no
longer in use, remove it and restore the
ELR function of the retractor. That
function is restored by allowing the
seatbelt to retract fully.
! Installing forward facing child restraint
1. Place the child restraint system in the
rear seating position.
2. Run the lap and shoulder belt through
or around the child restraint system
following the instructions provided by its
manufacturer.
3. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle
until you hear a click.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-27
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-28 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
4. Take up the slack in the lap belt.
5. Pull out the seatbelt fully from the
retractor to change the retractor over from
the Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)
to the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR)
function. Then, allow the belt to rewind
into the retractor. As the belt is rewinding,
clicks will be heard which indicate the
retractor functions as ALR.
6. Before having a child sit in the child
restraint system, move it back and forth
and right and left to check if it is firmly
secured. Sometimes a child restraint can
be more firmly secured by pushing it down
into the seat cushion and then tightening
the seatbelt.
7. Pull at the shoulder portion of the belt
to confirm that it cannot be pulled out (ALR
properly functioning).
8. If the child restraint system requires a
top tether, latch the hook onto the top
tether anchorage and tighten the top
tether. For additional instructions, refer to
“Top tether anchorages” F1-33.
Information Provided by:
9. To remove the child restraint system,
press the release button on the seatbelt
buckle and allow the belt to retract
completely. The belt will return to the
ELR mode.
NOTE
When the child restraint system is no
longer in use, remove it and restore the
ELR function of the retractor. That
function is restored by allowing the
seatbelt to retract fully.
& Installing a booster seat
WARNING
. Child restraint systems and seatbelts can become hot in a vehicle
that has been closed up in sunny
weather; they could burn a small
child. Check the child restraint
system before you place a child
in it.
. Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint system in your vehicle.
Unsecured child restraint systems can be thrown around inside of the vehicle in a sudden
stop, turn or accident; they can
strike and injure vehicle occupants as well as result in serious
injuries or death to the child.
CAUTION
When you install a child restraint
system, follow the manufacturer’s
instructions supplied with it. After
installing the child restraint system,
check to ensure that it is held
securely in position. If it is not held
tight and secure, the danger of your
child suffering personal injury in the
event of an accident may be increased.
1. Place the booster seat in the rear
seating position and sit the child on it. The
child should sit well back on the booster
seat.
2. Run the lap and shoulder belt through
or around the booster seat and the child
following the instructions provided by its
manufacturer.
3. Insert the tongue plate into the buckle
until you hear a click. Take care not to
twist the seatbelt.
Make sure the shoulder belt is positioned
across the center of child’s shoulder and
that the lap belt is positioned as low as
possible on the child’s hips.
4. To remove the booster seat, press the
release button on the seatbelt buckle and
allow the belt to retract.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-29
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-30 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
WARNING
. Never use a belt that is twisted or
reversed. In an accident, this can
increase the risk or severity of
injury to the child.
. Never place the shoulder belt
under the child’s arm or behind
the child’s back. If an accident
occurs, this can increase the risk
or severity of injury to the child.
. The seatbelt should fit snugly in
order to provide full restraint.
Loose fitting belts are not as
effective in preventing or reducing injury.
. Place the lap belt as low as
possible on the child’s hips. A
high-positioned lap belt will increase the risk of sliding under
the lap belt and of the lap belt
sliding up over the abdomen, and
both can result in serious internal injury or death.
. Make sure the shoulder belt is
positioned across the center of
child’s shoulder. Placing the
shoulder belt over the neck may
result in neck injury during sudden braking or in a collision.
& Installation of child restraint
systems by use of lower and
tether anchorages (LATCH)
WARNING
. Child restraint systems and seatbelts can become hot in a vehicle
that has been closed up in sunny
weather; they could burn a small
child. Check the child restraint
system before you place a child
in it.
. Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint system in your vehicle.
Unsecured child restraint systems can be thrown around inside of the vehicle in a sudden
stop, turn or accident; they can
strike and injure vehicle occupants as well as result in serious
injuries or death to the child.
CAUTION
When you install a child restraint
system, follow the manufacturer’s
instructions supplied with it. After
installing the child restraint system,
check to ensure that it is held
securely in position. If it is not held
tight and secure, the danger of your
child suffering personal injury in the
event of an accident may be increased.
Some types of child restraint systems can
be installed on the rear seat of your
vehicle without use of the seatbelts. Such
child restraint systems are secured to the
designated anchorages provided on the
vehicle body. The lower and tether anchorages are sometimes referred to as the
LATCH system (Lower Anchors and
Tethers for CHildren).
Information Provided by:
Your vehicle is equipped with four lower
anchorages (bars) and three upper anchorages (tether anchorages) for accommodating such child restraint systems.
The lower anchorages (bars) are used for
installing a child restraint system only on
the rear seat window-side seating positions. For each window-side seating position, two lower anchorages are provided.
Each lower anchorage is located where
the seat cushion meets the seatback.
The tether anchorages (upper anchorages) are provided at the locations
shown in the above illustration.
1) Cover
You will find marks “ ” on the cover at the
bottom of the rear seat seatbacks. These
marks indicate the positions of the lower
anchorages (bars).
Each lower anchorage is located where
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-31
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-32 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
the seat cushion meets the seatback.
1. Use the “ ” marks to locate the two
lower anchorages (bars) for the position
where you want to install the child restraint
system.
2. While following the instructions supplied by the child restraint system manufacturer, connect the lower hooks onto the
lower anchorages located at “ ” marks on
the bottom of the rear seatback. When the
hooks are connected, make sure the
adjacent seatbelts are not caught.
3. [If your child restraint system is of a
flexible attachment type (which uses
tether belts to connect the child restraint
system properly to the lower anchorages)]
While pushing the child restraint into the
seat cushion, pull both left and right lower
tether belts up to secure the child restraint
system firmly by taking up the slack in the
belt.
4. Connect the top tether hook to the
tether anchorage and firmly tighten the
tether. For information on how to set the
top tether, refer to “Top tether anchorages”
F1-33.
5. Before seating a child in the child
restraint system, try to move seat back
and forth and right and left to verify that it
is held securely in position.
6. To remove the child restraint system,
follow the reverse procedures of installation.
If you have any question concerning this
type of child restraint system, ask your
SUBARU dealer.
Information Provided by:
& Top tether anchorages
Your vehicle is equipped with three top
tether anchorages so that a child restraint
system having a top tether can be
installed in the rear seat. When installing
a child restraint system using top tether,
proceed as follows, while observing the
instructions by the child restraint system
manufacturer.
Since a top tether can provide additional
stability by offering another connection
between a child restraint system and the
vehicle, we recommend that you use a top
tether whenever one is required or available.
! Anchorage location
1) For right seat
2) For center seat
3) For left seat
There are three anchorages for each
seating position on the rear edge of the
roof.
! To hook the top tether
1. Remove the headrest at the windowside seating position where the child
restraint system has been installed with
the lower anchorages or seatbelt; lift up
the headrest while pressing the release
button. Store the headrest in the cargo
area. Avoid placing the headrest in the
passenger compartment to prevent it from
being thrown around in the passenger
compartment in a sudden stop or a sharp
turn.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-33
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-34 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
2. For both window-side seating positions, remove the cover for the appropriate
upper anchorage.
3. Attach the child restraint top tether
hook to the appropriate upper anchorage.
4. Tighten the top tether securely.
Please contact your SUBARU dealer if
you have any question regarding the
installation of a child restraint system.
CAUTION
Always remove the headrest when
mounting a child restraint system
with a top tether. Otherwise, the top
tether cannot be fastened tightly.
*SRS airbag (Supplemental
Restraint System airbag)
*SRS: This stands for supplemental restraint system. This name is used because the airbag system supplements the
vehicle’s seatbelts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash
sensing and diagnostic module, which will
record the use of the seatbelt by the front
passenger when any of the SRS frontal,
side and curtain airbags deploys.
& Vehicles with SRS airbags
and lap/shoulder restraints
for driver, front passenger,
and window-side rear passengers
Your vehicle is equipped with a supplemental restraint system in addition to a
lap/shoulder belt at each front seating
position and each rear window-side seating positions. The supplemental restraint
system (SRS) consists of six airbags.
The configurations are as follows.
. Driver’s and front passenger’s frontal
airbags
. Driver’s and front passenger’s side
airbags
. Curtain airbags (for driver, front pasInformation Provided by:
senger, and window-side rear passengers)
These SRS airbags are designed only
as a supplement to the primary protection provided by the seatbelt.
The system also controls front seatbelt
pretensioners. For operation instructions
and precautions concerning the seatbelt
pretensioner, refer to “Front seatbelt pretensioners” F1-20.
WARNING
. To obtain maximum protection in
the event of an accident, the
driver and all passengers in the
vehicle should always wear seatbelts when the vehicle is moving.
The SRS airbag is designed only
as a supplement to the primary
protection provided by the seatbelt. It does not do away with the
need to fasten seatbelts. In combination with the seatbelts, it
offers the best combined protection in case of a serious accident.
Not wearing a seatbelt increases
the chance of severe injury or
death in a crash even when the
vehicle has the SRS airbag.
For instructions and precautions
concerning the seatbelt system,
refer to “Seatbelts” F1-11.
. Do not sit or lean unnecessarily
close to the SRS airbag. Because
the SRS airbag deploys with
considerable speed – faster than
the blink of an eye – and force to
protect in high speed collisions,
the force of an airbag can injure
an occupant whose body is too
close to SRS airbag.
It is also important to wear your
seatbelt to help avoid injuries
that can result when the SRS
airbag contacts an occupant not
in proper position such as one
thrown forward during pre-accident braking.
Even when properly positioned,
there remains a possibility that
an occupant may suffer minor
injury such as abrasions and
bruises to the face or arms
because of the SRS airbag deployment force.
. The SRS airbags deploy with
considerable speed and force.
Occupants who are out of proper
position when the SRS airbag
deploys could suffer very serious
injuries. Because the SRS airbag
needs enough space for deployment, the driver should always
sit upright and well back in the
seat as far from the steering
wheel as practical while still
maintaining full vehicle control
and the front passenger should
move the seat as far back as
possible and sit upright and well
back in the seat.
. Do not place any objects over or
near the SRS airbag cover or
between you and the SRS airbag.
If the SRS airbag deploys, those
objects could interfere with its
proper operation and could be
propelled inside the vehicle and
cause injury.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-35
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-36 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
WARNING
. Put children aged 12 and under in
the rear seat properly restrained
at all times. The SRS airbag
deploys with considerable speed
and force and can injure or even
kill children, especially if they are
12 years of age and under and
are not restrained or improperly
restrained. Because children are
lighter and weaker than adults,
their risk of being injured from
deployment is greater.
For that reason, we strongly
recommend that ALL children
(including those in child seats
and those that have outgrown
child restraint devices) sit in the
REAR seat properly restrained at
all times in a child restraint
device or in a seatbelt, whichever
is appropriate for the child’s age,
height and weight.
Secure ALL types of child restraint devices (including forward facing child seats) in the
REAR seats at all times.
According to accident statistics,
children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions.
For instructions and precautions
concerning the child restraint
system, refer to “Child restraint
systems” F1-23.
. NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD
FACING CHILD SEAT IN THE
FRONT SEAT. DOING SO RISKS
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO
THE CHILD BY PLACING THE
CHILD’S HEAD TOO CLOSE TO
THE SRS AIRBAG.
. Never allow a child to stand up,
or to kneel on the front passenger’s seat, or never hold a child
on your lap or in your arms. The
SRS airbag deploys with considerable force and can injure or
even kill the child.
CAUTION
. When the SRS airbag deploys,
some smoke will be released.
This smoke could cause breathing problems for people with a
history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. If you or your
passengers have breathing problems after SRS airbag deploys,
get fresh air promptly.
. A deploying SRS airbag releases
hot gas. Occupants could get
burned if they come into direct
contact with the hot gas.
NOTE
When you sell your vehicle, we urge
you to explain to the buyer that it is
equipped with SRS airbags by alerting
him or her to the applicable section in
this Owner’s Manual.
Information Provided by:
! Components
1) Airbag control module (including impact
and rollover sensors)
2) Frontal airbag module (driver’s side)
3) Frontal airbag module (front passenger’s
side)
4) Front sub sensor (left-hand side)
5) Front sub sensor (right-hand side)
6) Side airbag module (driver’s side)
7) Side airbag module (front passenger’s
side)
8) Side airbag sensor (center pillar left-hand
side)
9) Side airbag sensor (center pillar righthand side)
10) Airbag wiring
11) Seatbelt pretensioner (driver’s side)
12) Seatbelt pretensioner (front passenger’s
side)
13) Curtain airbag sensor (rear wheel house
right-hand side)
14) Curtain airbag sensor (rear wheel house
left-hand side)
15) Curtain airbag module (right side)
16) Curtain airbag module (left side)
17) Seatbelt buckle switch (front passenger’s
side)
18) Front passenger’s seatbelt tension sensor
19) Front passenger’s occupant detection
system weight sensor
20) Front passenger’s occupant detection
control module
21) Front passenger’s frontal airbag ON and
OFF indicator
22) SRS airbag system warning light
23) Satellite safing sensor (under the rear
center seat)
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-37
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-38 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
& SUBARU advanced frontal
airbag system
Your vehicle is equipped with a SUBARU
advanced frontal airbag system that complies with the new advanced frontal airbag
requirements in the amended Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS)
No. 208.
The SUBARU advanced frontal airbag
system automatically determines the deployment force of the driver’s SRS frontal
airbag at the time of deployment as well as
whether or not to activate the front
passenger’s SRS frontal airbag and, if
activated, the deployment force of the
SRS frontal airbag at the time of deployment.
Your vehicle has warning labels on the
driver’s and front passenger’s sun visors
beginning with the phrase “EVEN WITH
ADVANCED AIR BAGS” and a tag
attached to the glove box lid beginning
with the phrase “Even with Advanced Air
Bags”. Make sure that you carefully read
the instructions on the warning labels and
tag.
Always wear your seatbelt. The SUBARU
advanced frontal airbag system is a
supplemental restraint system and must
be used in combination with a seatbelt. All
occupants should wear a seatbelt or be
seated in an appropriate child restraint
system.
The driver’s SRS frontal airbag is stowed
in the center portion of the steering wheel.
The front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
is stowed near the top of the dashboard
under an “SRS AIRBAG” mark.
In a moderate to severe frontal collision,
the driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbags deploy and supplement the
seatbelts by reducing the impact on the
driver’s and front passenger’s head and
chest.
WARNING
NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FA-
CING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT
SEAT. DOING SO RISKS SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH TO THE CHILD
BY PLACING THE CHILD’S HEAD
TOO CLOSE TO THE SRS AIRBAG.
WARNING
Never allow a child to stand up, or to
kneel on the front passenger’s seat.
The SRS airbag deploys with considerable force and can injure or
even kill the child.
Information Provided by:
WARNING
Never hold a child on your lap or in
your arms. The SRS airbag deploys
with considerable force and can
injure or even kill the child.
WARNING
The SRS airbag deploys with considerable speed and force. Occupants who are out of proper position
when the SRS airbag deploys could
suffer very serious injuries. Because the SRS airbag needs enough
space for deployment, the driver
should always sit upright and well
back in the seat as far from the
steering wheel as practical while
still maintaining full vehicle control
and the front passenger should
move the seat as far back as
possible and sit upright and well
back in the seat.
It is also important to wear your
seatbelt to help avoid injuries that
can result when the SRS airbag
contacts an occupant not in proper
position such as one thrown toward
the front of the vehicle during preaccident braking.
WARNING
Do not put any objects over the
steering wheel pad and dashboard.
If the SRS frontal airbag deploys,
those objects could interfere with its
proper operation and could be propelled inside the vehicle and cause
injury.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-39
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-40 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
WARNING
Do not attach accessories to the
windshield, or fit an extra-wide mirror over the rear view mirror. If the
SRS airbag deploys, those objects
could become projectiles that could
seriously injure vehicle occupants.
! Driver’s SRS frontal airbag
The driver’s SRS frontal airbag uses a
dual stage inflator. The inflator operates in
different ways depending on the severity
of impact.
Have the system inspected by your
SUBARU dealer immediately if the SRS
airbag system warning light illuminates.
NOTE
The driver’s SRS side airbag, SRS
curtain airbag and seatbelt pretensioner are not controlled by the
SUBARU advanced frontal airbag system.
! Front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
The front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
uses a dual stage inflator. The inflator
operates in different ways depending on
the severity of impact.
The total load on the seat is monitored by
the occupant detection system’s weight
sensor located under the seat.
The system has another sensor that
monitors the tension of the front passenger seatbelt. Using the total seat load and
seatbelt tension data from the sensors,
the occupant detection system determines
whether the front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbag should or should not be inflated.
The occupant detection system may not
inflate the front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbag even when the driver’s SRS frontal
airbag deploys. This is normal.
Observe the following precautions. Failure
to do so may prevent the SUBARU
advanced frontal airbag system from
functioning correctly or cause the system
to fail.
. Do not apply any strong impact to the
front passenger’s seat such as by kicking.
. Do not spill liquid on the front passenger’s seat. If liquid is spilled, wipe it off
immediately.
. Do not remove or disassemble the front
passenger’s seat.
. Do not install any accessory (such as
an audio amplifier) other than a genuine
SUBARU accessory under the front passenger’s seat.
. Do not place anything (shoes, umbrella, etc.) under the front passenger’s seat.
. The front passenger’s seat must not be
used with the head restraint removed.
. Do not leave any article including a
child restraint system on the front passenger’s seat or the seatbelt tongue and
buckle engaged when you leave your
vehicle.
. Do not place a magnet near the
seatbelt buckle and the seatbelt retractor.
. Do not use front seats with their backward-forward position and seatback not
being locked into place securely. If any of
them are not locked securely, adjust them
again. For the adjustment procedure of
the manual seats, refer to “Manual seat”
F1-3.
If the seatbelt buckle switch and/or front
passenger’s occupant detection system
Information Provided by:
have failed, the SRS airbag system
warning light will illuminate. Have the
system inspected by your SUBARU dealer immediately if the SRS airbag system
warning light illuminates.
If your vehicle has sustained impact, this
may affect the proper function of the
SUBARU advanced frontal airbag system.
Have your vehicle inspected at your
SUBARU dealer.
NOTE
The front passenger’s SRS side airbag,
SRS curtain airbag and seatbelt pretensioner are not controlled by the
SUBARU advanced frontal airbag system.
! Passenger’s frontal airbag ON and
OFF indicators
ON or : Front passenger’s frontal airbag
ON indicator
or : Front passenger’s frontal airbag
OFF indicator
The front passenger’s frontal airbag ON
and OFF indicators show you the status of
the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag.
The indicators are located next to the
clock in the center portion of the dashboard.
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, both the ON and OFF
indicators illuminate for 6 seconds during
which time the system is checked. Following the system check, both indicators turn
off for 2 seconds. After that, one of the
indicators illuminates depending on the
status of the front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbag determined by the SUBARU advanced frontal airbag system monitoring.
If the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
is activated, the passenger’s frontal airbag
ON indicator will illuminate while the OFF
indicator will remain off.
If the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
is deactivated, the passenger’s frontal
airbag ON indicator will remain off while
the OFF indicator will illuminate.
With the ignition switch turned to the “ON”
position, if both the ON and OFF indicators remain illuminated or off simultaneously even after the system check
period, the system is faulty. Contact your
SUBARU dealer immediately for an inspection.
! Conditions in which front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag is not
activated
The front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
will not be activated when any of the
following conditions are met regarding the
front passenger’s seat:
. The seat is empty.
. The seat is equipped with a rearward
facing child restraint system and an infant
is restrained with it. (See WARNING that
follows.)
. The seat is equipped with a forward
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-41
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-42 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
facing child restraint system and a small
child is restrained with it. (See WARNING
that follows.)
. The seat is equipped with a booster
seat and a small child is in the booster
seat. (See WARNING that follows.)
. The seat is relieved of the occupant
load for a time exceeding the predetermined monitoring time period.
. The seat is occupied by a child who
has outgrown a child restraint system or
by a small adult. (See WARNING that
follows.)
. The front passenger’s occupant detection system is faulty.
WARNING
NEVER INSTALL A REARWARD FA-
CING CHILD SEAT IN THE FRONT
PASSENGER’S SEAT EVEN IF THE
FRONT PASSENGER’S SRS FRON-
TAL AIRBAG IS DEACTIVATED. Be
sure to install it in the REAR seat in
a correct manner. Also, it is strongly
recommended that any forward facing child seat or booster seat be
installed in the REAR seat, and that
even children who have outgrown a
child restraint system be also
seated in the REAR seat. This is
because children sitting in the front
passenger’s seat may be killed or
severely injured should the front
passenger’s SRS frontal airbag deploy. REAR seats are the safest
place for children.
When the front passenger’s seat is occupied by a child, observe the following
precautions. Failure to do so may increase
the load on the front passenger’s seat,
activating the front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbag even though that seat is
occupied by a child.
. Do not place any article on the seat
other than the child occupant and a child
restraint system.
. Do not place more than one child on
the seat.
. Do not install any accessory such as a
table or TV onto the seatback.
. Do not store a heavy load in the
seatback pocket.
. Do not allow the rear seat occupant to
place his/her hands or legs on the front
passenger’s seatback, or allow him/her to
pull the seatback.
! If the front passenger’s frontal airbag ON indicator illuminates and the
OFF indicator turns off even when
an infant or a small child is in a child
restraint system (including booster
seat)
Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK”
position if the front passenger’s frontal
airbag ON indicator illuminates and the
OFF indicator turns off even when an
infant or a small child is in a child restraint
system (including booster seat). Remove
the child restraint system from the seat. By
referring to the child restraint manufacturer’s recommendations as well as the
child restraint system installation procedures in “Child restraint systems” F1-23,
correctly install the child restraint system.
Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position and make sure that the front
passenger’s frontal airbag ON indicator
turns off and the OFF indicator illuminates.
If the ON indicator still remains illuminated
while the OFF indicator turns off, take the
following actions.
. Ensure that no article is placed on the
seat other than the child restraint system
and the child occupant.
. Ensure that there is no article left in the
seatback pocket.
. Ensure that the backward-forward poInformation Provided by:
sition and seatback of front passenger’s
seat are locked into place securely by
moving the seat back and forth.
If the ON indicator still remains illuminated
while the OFF indicator turns off after
taking relevant corrective actions described above, relocate the child restraint
system to the rear seat and immediately
contact your SUBARU dealer for an
inspection.
NOTE
When a child who has outgrown a child
restraint system or a small adult is
seated in the front passenger’s seat,
the SUBARU advanced frontal airbag
system may or may not activate the
front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
depending on the occupant’s seating
posture. If the front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbag is activated (the ON
indicator remains illuminated while
the OFF indicator turns off), take the
following actions.
. Ensure that no article is placed on
the seat other than the occupant.
. Ensure that there is no article left in
the seatback pocket.
If the ON indicator still remains illuminates while the OFF indicator turns off
despite the fact that the actions noted
above have been taken, seat the child/
small adult in the rear seat and immediately contact your SUBARU dealer
for an inspection. Even if the system
has passed the dealer inspection, it is
recommended that on subsequent trips
the child/small adult always take the
rear seat.
Children who have outgrown a child
restraint system should always wear the
seatbelt irrespective of whether the airbag
is deactivated or activated.
! Conditions in which front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag is activated
The front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
will be activated for deployment upon
impact when any of the following conditions are met regarding the front passenger’s seat.
. When the seat is occupied by an adult.
. When a heavy article is placed on the
seat.
When the front passenger’s seat is occupied by an adult, observe the following
precautions. Failure to do so may lessen
the load on the front passenger’s seat,
deactivating the front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbag despite the fact that the seat
is occupied by an adult.
. Do not allow the rear seat occupant to
lift the front passenger’s seat cushion
using his/her feet.
. Do not place any article under the front
passenger’s seat, or squeeze any article
from behind and under the seat. This may
lift the seat cushion.
. Do not squeeze any article between
the front passenger’s seat and side trim/
pillar, door or center console box. This
may lift the seat cushion.
! If the passenger’s frontal airbag OFF
indicator illuminates and the ON
indicator turns off even when the
front passenger’s seat is occupied
by an adult
This can be caused by the adult incorrectly sitting in the front passenger’s seat.
Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK”
position. Ask the front passenger to set
the seatback to the upright position, sit up
straight in the center of the seat cushion,
correctly fasten the seatbelt, position his/
her legs out forward, and adjust the seat to
the rearmost position. Turn the ignition
switch to the “ON” position. If the OFF
indicator remains illuminated while the ON
indicator remains off, take the following
actions.
. Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK”
position.
. Ensure that there are no articles,
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-43
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-44 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
books, shoes, or other objects trapped
under the seat, at the rear of the seat, or
on the side of the seat.
. Ensure that the backward-forward position and seatback of front passenger’s
seat are locked into place securely by
moving the seat back and forth.
. Next, turn the ignition switch to the
“ON” position and wait 6 seconds to allow
the system to complete self-checking.
Following the system check, both indicators turn off for 2 seconds. Now, the ON
indicator should illuminate while the OFF
indicator remains off.
If the OFF indicator still remains illuminated while the ON indicator remains off,
ask the occupant to move to the rear seat
and immediately contact your SUBARU
dealer for an inspection.
! Effect vehicle modifications made
for persons with disabilities may
have on SUBARU advanced frontal
airbag system operation (U.S. only)
Changing or moving any parts of the front
seats, rear seat, seatbelts, front bumper,
front side frame, radiator panel, instrument
panel, combination meter, steering wheel,
steering column, tire, suspension or floor
panel can affect the operation of the
SUBARU advanced airbag system. If
you have any questions, you may contact
the following SUBARU distributors.
of Columbia>
Subaru of America, Inc.
Customer Dealer Services Department
P.O. Box 6000
Cherry Hill, NJ 08034-6000
1-800-SUBARU3 (1-800-782-2783)

Servco Subaru Inc., dba Subaru Hawaii
2850 Pukoloa Street, Suite 202, Honolulu,
HI 96819
808-839-2273

Shen’s Corporation dba Prestige Automobile
491, East Marine Drive, Route 1 Dededo,
Guam
671-633-2698

Trebol Motors
P.O. Box 11204, San Juan, Puerto Rico
00910
787-793-2828
There are currently no SUBARU distributors in any other U.S. territories. If you are
in such an area, please contact the
SUBARU distributor or dealer from which
you bought your vehicle.
Information Provided by:
! Operation
A) Driver’s side
B) Passenger’s side
1) SRS AIRBAGs deploy as soon as a collision occurs.
2) After deployment, SRS AIRBAGs start to deflate immediately so that the driver’s vision is not
obstructed.
The SRS airbag can function only when
the ignition switch is in the “ON” position.
The SUBARU advanced frontal airbag
system is designed to determine the
activation or deactivation condition of the
front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
depending on the total load on the front
passenger’s seat monitored by the front
passenger’s occupant detection system
weight sensor. For this reason, only the
driver’s SRS frontal airbag may deploy in
the event of a collision, but this does not
mean failure of the system.
If the front sub sensors and the impact
sensors in the airbag control module
detect a predetermined amount of force
during a frontal collision, the control
module sends signals to the airbag
module(s) (only driver’s module or both
driver’s and front passenger’s modules)
instructing the module(s) to inflate the
SRS frontal airbag(s). The driver’s and
front passenger’s SRS frontal airbags use
dual stage inflators.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-45
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-46 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
The two inflators of each airbag are
triggered either sequentially or simultaneously, depending on the severity of
impact, in the case of the driver’s SRS
frontal airbag and depending on the
severity of impact and the total load on
the seat in the case of the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag. After deployment, the SRS airbag immediately starts
to deflate so that the driver’s vision is not
obstructed. The time required from detecting impact to the deflation of the SRS
airbag after deployment is shorter than the
blink of an eye.
Both when only the driver’s SRS frontal
airbag deploys and the driver’s and front
passenger’s SRS frontal airbags deploy,
the driver’s and front passenger’s seatbelt
pretensioners operate at the same time.
Although it is highly unlikely that the SRS
airbag would activate in a non-accident
situation, should it occur, the SRS airbag
will deflate quickly, not obscuring vision
and will not interfere with the driver’s
ability to maintain control of the vehicle.
When the SRS airbag deploys, a sudden,
fairly loud inflation noise will be heard and
some smoke will be released. These
occurrences are a normal result of the
deployment. This smoke does not indicate
a fire in the vehicle.
CAUTION
Do not touch the SRS airbag system
components around the steering
wheel and dashboard with bare
hands right after deployment. Doing
so can cause burns because the
components can be very hot as a
result of deployment.
The driver’s SRS frontal airbag and front
passenger’s SRS frontal airbag are designed to deploy in the event of an
accident involving a moderate to severe
frontal collision. It is basically not designed
to deploy in lesser frontal impacts because the necessary protection can be
achieved by the seatbelt alone. Also, they
are basically not designed to deploy in
side or rear impacts or in roll-over accidents because deployment of only the
driver’s SRS frontal airbag or both driver’s
and front passenger’s SRS frontal airbags
would not help the occupant in those
situations. The driver’s and front passenger’s SRS frontal airbags are designed to
function on a one-time-only basis.
SRS airbag deployment depends on the
level of force experienced in the passenger compartment during a collision. That
level differs from one type of collision to
another, and it may have no bearing on
the visible damage done to the vehicle
itself.
! Example of accident in which the
driver’s/driver’s and front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag(s) will most
likely deploy.
A head-on collision against a thick concrete wall at a vehicle speed of 12 to 19
mph (20 to 30 km/h) or higher activates
only the driver’s SRS frontal airbag or both
driver’s and front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbags. The airbag(s) will also be activated when the vehicle is exposed to a
frontal impact similar in fashion and
magnitude to the collision described
above.
Information Provided by:
! Examples of the types of accidents
in which it is possible that the
driver’s/driver’s and front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag(s) will deploy.
Only the driver’s SRS frontal airbag or
both driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbags may be activated when the
vehicle sustains a hard impact in the
undercarriage area from the road surface
(such as when the vehicle plunges into a
deep ditch, is severely impacted or
knocked hard against an obstacle on the
road such as a curb).
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-47
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-48 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
! Examples of the types of accidents in which deployment of the driver’s/driver’s
and front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag(s) is unlikely to occur.
1) The vehicle strikes an object, such as a
telephone pole or sign pole.
2) The vehicle slides under the load bed of
a truck.
3) The vehicle sustains an oblique offset
frontal impact.
4) The vehicle sustains an offset frontal
collision.
There are many types of collisions which
might not necessarily require deployment
of driver’s/driver’s and front passenger’s
SRS frontal airbag(s). In the event of
accidents like those illustrated, the driver’s/driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbag(s) may not deploy depending on the level of accident forces involved.
Information Provided by:
! Examples of the types of accidents
in which the driver’s/driver’s and
front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbag(s) will basically not deploy.
The driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbags are designed basically not
to deploy if the vehicle is struck from the
side or from behind, or if it rolls onto its
side or roof, or if it is involved in a lowspeed frontal collision.
1) First impact
2) Second impact
In an accident where the vehicle is
impacted more than once, the driver’s
and/or front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbag(s) will deploy only once on the first
impact.
Example: In the case of a double collision,
first with another vehicle, then against a
concrete wall in immediate succession,
once either or both of the driver’s and front
passenger’s SRS frontal airbags is/are
activated on the first impact, it/they will not
be activated on the second impact.
& SRS side airbag and SRS
curtain airbag
The SRS side airbag is stored in the door
side of each front seat seatback, which
bears an “SRS AIRBAG” label.
In a moderate to severe side impact
collision, the SRS side airbag on the
impacted side of the vehicle deploys
between the occupant and the door panel
and supplements the seatbelt by reducing
the impact on the occupant’s chest and
waist. The SRS side airbag operates only
for front seat occupants.
The SRS curtain airbag on each side of
the cabin is stored in the roof side
(between the front pillar and a point over
the rear seat). An “SRS AIRBAG” mark is
located at the top of each center pillar.
In a moderate to severe side impact
collision, the SRS curtain airbag on the
impacted side of the vehicle deploys
between the occupant and the side
window and supplements the seatbelt by
reducing the impact on the occupant’s
head.
In a rollover, SRS curtain airbags on both
sides of the vehicle deploy between the
occupant and the side window and supplement the seatbelt by reducing the
impact to the occupant’s head.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-49
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-50 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
WARNING
The SRS side airbag and SRS
curtain airbag are designed as only
a supplement to the primary protection provided by the seatbelt. They
do not do away with the need to
fasten seatbelts. It is also important
to wear your seatbelt to help avoid
injuries that can result when an
occupant is not seated in a proper
upright position.
WARNING
. Do not sit or lean unnecessarily
close to either front door. The
SRS side airbag is stored in both
front seat seatbacks next to the
door, and it provides protection
by deploying rapidly (faster than
the blink of an eye) in the event of
a side impact collision. However,
the force of SRS side airbag
deployment may cause injuries
if your head or other parts of the
body are too close to the SRS
side airbag.
. Since your vehicle is equipped
with SRS curtain airbags, do not
sit or lean unnecessarily close to
the front or rear door on either
side. Also, do not put your head,
arms and hands out of the window. The SRS curtain airbag on
each side of the cabin is stored in
the roof side (between the front
pillar and a point over the rear
seat), and it provides protection
by deploying rapidly (faster than
the blink of an eye) in the event of
a side impact or a rollover. However, the force of its deployment
may cause injuries if your head is
too close to it.
WARNING
Do not rest your arm on either front
door or its internal trim. It could be
injured in the event of SRS side
airbag deployment.
Information Provided by:
WARNING
. Never allow a child to kneel on
the front passenger’s seat facing
the side window or to wrap his/
her arms around the front seat
seatback. In the event of an
accident, the force of the SRS
side airbag deployment could
injure the child seriously because his/her head or arms or
other parts of the body are too
close to the SRS side airbag.
Since your vehicle is also
equipped with a front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag, children
aged 12 and under should be
placed in the rear seat anyway
and should be properly restrained at all times.
. Never allow a child to kneel on
any passenger’s seat facing the
side window or put their head,
arms and hands out of the window. In the event of an accident,
the force of the SRS curtain
airbag deployment could injure
the child seriously because his/
her head is close to the SRS
curtain airbag.
WARNING
. Do not attach accessories to the
door trim or near either SRS side
airbags and do not place objects
near the SRS side airbags. In the
event of the SRS side airbag
deployment, they could be propelled dangerously toward the
vehicle’s occupants and cause
injuries.
. Do not attach a hands-free microphone or any other accessory to
a front pillar, a center pillar, a rear
pillar, the windshield, a side window, an assist grip, or any other
cabin surface that would be near
a deploying SRS curtain airbag.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-51
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-52 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
A hands-free microphone or
other accessory in such a location could be propelled through
the cabin with great force by the
curtain airbag, or it could prevent
correct deployment of the curtain
airbag. In either case, the result
could be serious injuries.
. Never hang or place coat hangers
or other hard or pointed objects
near the side windows. If such
items are present when the SRS
curtain airbags deploy, they
could be thrown through the
passenger compartment and
cause serious injuries. They
could also prevent proper operation of the SRS curtain airbags.
WARNING
Do not put any kind of cover or
clothes or other objects over either
front seatback and do not attach
labels or stickers to the front seat
surface on or near the SRS side
airbag. They could prevent proper
deployment of the SRS side airbag,
reducing protection available to the
front seat’s occupant.
! Operation
The SRS side airbag and SRS curtain
airbag can function only when the ignition
switch is in the “ON” position.
The driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
side airbags and SRS curtain airbags
deploy independently of each other since
each has its own impact sensor. Therefore, they may not both deploy in the same
accident. Also, the SRS side airbag and
SRS curtain airbag deploys independently
of the driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbags in the steering wheel and
instrument panel.
An impact sensor, which senses impact
force, is located in each of the left and
right center pillars and rear wheel houses.
Another impact sensor, which also senses
impact force, is located under the rear
center seat. In addition, a rollover sensor
is located inside the airbag control module. If one of the center pillar impact
sensors and the impact sensor that is
located under the rear center seat together sense an impact force above a
predetermined level in a side collision, the
control module causes both the SRS side
airbag and curtain airbag on the impacted
side to inflate regardless of whether the
rear wheel house impact sensor on the
same side senses an impact. If one of the
rear wheel house impact sensors and the
impact sensor that is located under the
rear center seat together sense a sufficiently strong impact force, the control
module causes only the SRS curtain
airbag on the impacted side to inflate. If
the rollover sensor detects rollover of the
Information Provided by:
vehicle, the control module inflates the
curtain airbags. After the deployment, the
SRS side airbag immediately starts to
deflate. The time required from detection
of an impact to deflation of an SRS side
airbag after deployment is shorter than the
blink of an eye.
The SRS curtain airbags remain inflated
for a while following deployment then
slowly deflates.
The SRS side airbag and SRS curtain
airbags deploy even when no one occupies the seat on the side on which an
impact is applied.
When the SRS side airbag and SRS
curtain airbags deploy, a sudden, fairly
loud inflation noise will be heard and some
smoke will be released. These occurrences are a normal result of the deployment. This smoke does not indicate a fire
in the vehicle.
CAUTION
Do not touch the SRS side airbag
system components around the
front seat seatback with bare hands
right after deployment. Doing so can
cause burns because the components can be very hot as a result of
deployment.
After deployment, do not touch any
part of the SRS curtain airbag
system (from the front pillar to the
part of the roof side over the rear
seat). Doing so can cause burns
because the components can be
very hot as a result of deployment.
The SRS side airbag and SRS curtain
airbags are designed to deploy in the
event of an accident involving a moderate
to severe side impact collision. Also, in the
case of a rollover, the SRS curtain airbags
deploy. They are basically not designed to
deploy in a lesser side impact. Also, they
are basically not designed to deploy in
frontal or rear impacts because SRS side
airbag and SRS curtain airbag deployment would not help the occupant in those
situations.
Each SRS side airbag and SRS curtain
airbags are designed to function on a onetime-only basis.
SRS side airbag and SRS curtain airbag
deployment depend on the level of force
experienced in the passenger compartment during a side impact collision. That
level differs from one type of collision to
another, and it may have no bearing on
the visible damage done to the vehicle
itself. Also, the SRS curtain airbags
deploy depending on the vehicle’s position
and inclination at the time of the rollover.
! Example of the type of accident in
which the SRS side airbag will most
likely deploy.
A severe side impact near the front seat
activates the SRS side airbag and SRS
curtain airbag.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-53
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-54 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
! Examples of the types of accidents in which the SRS curtain airbag will most
likely deploy.
1) A severe side impact near the front seat
or the rear seat activates the SRS curtain
airbag.
2) The vehicle rolls onto its side or the roof.
3) If the angle of vehicle tip-up is marginal
or if the skidding vehicle’s tires hit a
curbstone laterally.
Information Provided by:
! Examples of the types of accidents in which it is possible that the SRS side
airbag and the SRS curtain airbag will deploy.
1) Hitting a curb, edge of pavement or hard
surface
2) Falling into or jumping over a deep hole
3) Landing hard or vehicle falling
It is possible that the SRS side and curtain
airbags will deploy if a serious impact
occurs to the underside of your vehicle.
Some examples are shown in the illustration.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-55
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-56 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
! Examples of the types of accidents in which the SRS side airbag is unlikely to
deploy.
1) The vehicle is involved in an oblique
side-on impact.
2) The vehicle is involved in a side-on
impact in an area outside the vicinity of
the passenger compartment.
3) The vehicle strikes a telephone pole or
similar object.
4) The vehicle is involved in a side-on
impact from a motorcycle.
5) The vehicle rolls onto its side or roof.
There are many types of collisions which
might not necessarily require SRS side
airbag deployment. In the event of accidents like those illustrated, the SRS side
airbag may not deploy depending on the
level of accident forces involved.
Information Provided by:
! Examples of the types of accidents in which the SRS curtain airbag is unlikely
to deploy.
1) The vehicle is involved in an oblique
side-on impact.
2) The vehicle is involved in a side-on
impact in an area outside the vicinity of
the passenger compartment.
3) The vehicle is involved in a side-on
impact from a motorcycle.
There are many types of collisions which
might not necessarily require SRS curtain
airbag deployment. In the event of accidents like those illustrated, the SRS
curtain airbag may not deploy depending
on the level of accident forces involved.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-57
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-58 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
! Examples of the types of accidents
in which the SRS side airbag and
SRS curtain airbag will basically not
deploy.
1) The vehicle is involved in frontal collision
with another vehicle (moving or stationary).
2) The vehicle is struck from behind.
The SRS side airbag and SRS curtain
airbag are basically not designed to
deploy if the vehicle is involved in a frontal
collision or is struck from behind. Examples of such accidents are illustrated.
1) First impact
2) Second impact
A) SRS curtain airbag
B) SRS side airbag
In an accident where the vehicle is struck
from the side more than once, the SRS
side airbag and SRS curtain airbag deploy
only once on the first impact.
Example: In the case of a double side
impact collision, first with one vehicle and
immediately followed by another from the
same direction, once the SRS side airbag
and SRS curtain airbag are activated on
the first impact, they will not be activated
on the second.
! Example of the type of accident in
which the SRS curtain airbag will
basically not deploy.
The SRS curtain airbags are not basically
designed to deploy if the vehicle pitches
end over end.
Information Provided by:
& SRS airbag system monitors
A diagnostic system continually monitors
the readiness of the SRS airbag system
(including front seatbelt pretensioners)
while the vehicle is being driven. The
SRS airbag system warning light “AIRBAG” will show normal system operation
by lighting for approximately 6 seconds
when the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position.
The following components are monitored
by the indicator:
. Front sub sensor (right-hand side)
. Front sub sensor (left-hand side)
. Airbag control module (including impact and rollover sensors)
. Frontal airbag module (driver’s side)
. Frontal airbag module (front passenger’s side)
. Side airbag sensor (center pillar righthand side)
. Side airbag sensor (center pillar lefthand side)
. Side airbag module (driver’s side)
. Side airbag module (front passenger’s
side)
. Curtain airbag sensor (rear wheel
house right-hand side)
. Curtain airbag sensor (rear wheel
house left-hand side)
. Curtain airbag module (right side)
. Curtain airbag module (left side)
. Satellite safing sensor (under the rear
center seat)
. Seatbelt pretensioner (driver’s side)
. Seatbelt pretensioner (front passenger’s side)
. Seatbelt buckle switch (front passenger’s side)
. Front passenger’s seatbelt tension
sensor
. Front passenger’s occupant detection
system weight sensor
. Front passenger’s occupant detection
control module
. Front passenger’s frontal airbag ON
and OFF indicator
. All related wiring
WARNING
If the warning light exhibits any of
the following conditions, there may
be a malfunction in the seatbelt
pretensioners and/or SRS airbag
system. Immediately take your vehicle to your nearest SUBARU dealer
to have the system checked. Unless
checked and properly repaired, the
seatbelt pretensioners and/or SRS
airbag will not operate properly in
the event of a collision, which may
increase the risk of injury.
. Flashing or flickering of the warning light
. No illumination of the warning
light when the ignition switch is
first turned to the “ON” position
. Continuous illumination of the
warning light
. Illumination of the warning light
while driving
& SRS airbag system servicing
WARNING
. When discarding an airbag module or scrapping the entire vehiSeat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-59
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
1-60 Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags
cle damaged by a collision, consult your SUBARU dealer.
. The SRS airbag has no userserviceable parts. Do not use
electrical test equipment on any
circuit related to the SRS airbag
system. For required servicing of
the SRS airbag, consult your
nearest SUBARU dealer. Tampering with or disconnecting the
system’s wiring could result in
accidental inflation of the SRS
airbag or could make the system
inoperative, which may result in
serious injury.
CAUTION
If you need service or repair in areas
indicated in the following list, have
the work performed by an authorized SUBARU dealer. The SRS airbag control module, impact sensors
and airbag modules are stored in
these areas.
. Under the center console
. On both the right and left sides at
the front of the vehicle
. Steering wheel and column and
nearby areas
. Top of the dashboard on front
passenger’s side and nearby
areas
. Each front seat and nearby area
. Inside each center pillar
. In each roof side (from the front
pillar to a point over the rear seat)
. Between the rear seat cushion
and rear wheel house on each
side
. Under the rear center seat
In the event that the SRS airbag is
deployed, replacement of the system
should be performed only by an authorized SUBARU dealer. When the components of the SRS airbag system are
replaced, use only genuine SUBARU
parts.
NOTE
In the following cases, contact your
SUBARU dealer as soon as possible.
. The front part of the vehicle was
involved in an accident in which only
the driver’s SRS frontal airbag or both
driver’s and front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbags did not deploy.
. The pad of the steering wheel, the
cover over the front passenger’s SRS
frontal airbag, or either roof side (from
the front pillar to a point over the rear
seat) is scratched, cracked, or otherwise damaged.
. Center pillar, rear wheel house or
rear sub frame, or an area near these
parts, was involved in an accident in
which the SRS side airbag and SRS
curtain airbag did not deploy.
. The fabric or leather of either front
seatback is cut, frayed, or otherwise
damaged.
. The rear part of the vehicle was
involved in an accident in which no
SRS airbag was deployed.
& Precautions against vehicle
modification
WARNING
To avoid accidental activation of the
system or rendering the system
inoperative, which may result in
serious injury, no modifications
should be made to any components
or wiring of the SRS airbag system.
This includes following modifications:
. Installation of custom steering
wheels
. Attachment of additional trim
Information Provided by:
materials to the dashboard
. Installation of custom seats
. Replacement of seat fabric or
leather
. Installation of additional fabric or
leather on the front seat
. Attachment of a hands-free microphone or any other accessory
to a front pillar, a center pillar, a
rear pillar, the windshield, a side
window, an assist grip, or any
other cabin surface that would be
near a deploying SRS curtain
airbag.
. Installation of additional electrical/electronic equipment such as
a mobile two-way radio on or
near the SRS airbag system
components and/or wiring is not
advisable. This could interfere
with proper operation of the
SRS airbag system.
CAUTION
Do not perform any of the following
modifications. Such modifications
can interfere with proper operation
of the SRS airbag system.
. Attachment of any equipment
(bush bar, winches, snow plow,
skid plate, etc.) other than genuine SUBARU accessory parts to
the front end.
. Modification of the suspension
system or front end structure.
. Installation of a tire of different
size and construction from the
tires specified on the vehicle
placard attached to the driver’s
door pillar or specified for individual vehicle models in this Owner’s Manual.
. Attachment of any equipment
(side steps or side sill protectors,
etc.) other than genuine SUBARU
accessory parts to the side body.
Always consult your SUBARU dealer if
you want to install any accessory parts on
your vehicle.
Seat, seatbelt and SRS airbags 1-61
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
Keys ..................................................................... 2-2
Key number plate................................................ 2-2
Immobilizer .......................................................... 2-2
Security ID plate.................................................. 2-3
Security indicator light ........................................ 2-3
Key replacement ................................................. 2-4
Door locks ........................................................... 2-4
Locking and unlocking from the outside .............. 2-4
Locking and unlocking from the inside ................ 2-5
Battery drainage prevention function ................... 2-5
Power door locking switches............................. 2-6
Key lock-in prevention function ........................... 2-7
Remote keyless entry system ............................ 2-7
Locking the doors ............................................... 2-8
Unlocking the doors ............................................ 2-9
Unlocking the rear gate ....................................... 2-9
Illuminated entry ................................................. 2-9
Vehicle finder function......................................... 2-9
Sounding a panic alarm...................................... 2-10
Selecting audible signal operation ...................... 2-10
Replacing the battery ......................................... 2-10
Replacing lost transmitters ................................ 2-11
Alarm system..................................................... 2-14
System operation............................................... 2-14
Activating and deactivating the alarm system ..... 2-15
If you have accidentally triggered the alarm
system ............................................................ 2-15
Arming the system ............................................ 2-15
Disarming the system ........................................ 2-17
Valet mode ........................................................ 2-17
Passive arming.................................................. 2-17
Tripped sensor identification .............................. 2-18
Shock sensors (dealer option)............................ 2-19
Child safety locks .............................................. 2-19
Windows............................................................. 2-20
Power windows ................................................. 2-20
Rear gate............................................................ 2-22
Moonroof (if equipped)...................................... 2-23
To open the moonroof ....................................... 2-24
To close the moonroof ....................................... 2-24
Anti-entrapment function.................................... 2-24
Sun shade ......................................................... 2-25
Keys and doors
2
Information Provided by:
2-2 Keys and doors
Keys
1) Master key (black)
2) Submaster key (black)
3) Valet key (gray)
4) Key number plate
5) Security ID plate
Three types of keys are provided for your
vehicle:
Master key, submaster key and valet key.
The master key and submaster key fit all
locks on your vehicle.
. Ignition switch
. Driver’s door
. Glove box
The valet key fits only the ignition switch
and driver’s door lock. You can keep the
glove box locked when you leave your
vehicle and valet key at a parking facility.
CAUTION
Do not attach a large key holder or
key case to either key. If it bangs
against your knees while you are
driving, it could turn the ignition
switch from the ON position to the
Acc or OFF position, thereby stopping the engine.
& Key number plate
The key number is stamped on the key
number plate attached to the key set.
Write down the key number and keep it in
another safe place, not in the vehicle. This
number is needed to make a replacement
key if you lose your key or lock it inside the
vehicle.
For information on making replacement
keys for vehicles with the immobilizer
system, refer to “Security ID plate” F2-3.
Immobilizer
The immobilizer system is designed to
prevent an unauthorized person from
starting the engine. Only keys registered
with your vehicle’s immobilizer system can
be used to operate your vehicle. Even if
an unregistered key fits into the ignition
switch and can be turned to the “START”
position, the engine will automatically stop
after several seconds.
Each immobilizer key contains a transponder in which the key’s ID code is
stored. When a key is inserted into the
ignition switch and turned to the “ON”
position, the transponder transmits the
key’s ID code to the immobilizer system’s
receiver. If the transmitted ID code
matches the ID code registered in the
immobilizer system, the system allows the
engine to be started. Since the ID code is
transmitted and acted upon almost instantly, the immobilizer system does not
impede normal starting of the engine.
If the engine fails to start, pull out the key
once before trying again. Refer to “Ignition
switch” F3-3.
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This
Information Provided by:
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
NOTE
To protect your vehicle from theft,
please pay close attention to the following security precautions:
. Never leave your vehicle unattended
with its keys inside.
. Before leaving your vehicle, close all
windows and lock the doors and rear
gate.
. Do not leave spare keys or any
record of your key number in the
vehicle.
CAUTION
. Do not place the key under direct
sunlight or anywhere it may
become hot.
. Do not get the key wet. If the key
gets wet, wipe it dry with a cloth
immediately.
& Security ID plate
1) Key number plate
2) Security ID plate
The security ID is stamped on the security
ID plate attached to the key set. Write
down the security ID and keep it in
another safe place, not in the vehicle.
This number is needed to make a replacement key if you lose your key or lock it
inside the vehicle.
This number is also needed for replacement or repair of the engine control unit,
integrated unit, and combination meter.
& Security indicator light
The security indicator light deters potential
thieves by indicating that the vehicle is
equipped with an immobilizer system. It
begins flashing (approximately once every
3 seconds) approximately 60 seconds
after the ignition switch is turned from the
“ON” position to the “Acc” or “LOCK”
position or immediately after the key is
pulled out.
If the security indicator light does not flash,
the immobilizer system may be faulty. If
this occurs, contact your SUBARU dealer
as soon as possible.
In case an unauthorized key is used (e.g.
an imitation key), the security indicator
light illuminates.
Keys and doors 2-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-4 Keys and doors
NOTE
Even if the security indicator light
flashes irregularly or its fuse blows
(the light does not flash if its fuse is
blown), the immobilizer system will
function normally.
& Key replacement
Your key number plate and security ID
plate will be required if you ever need a
replacement key made. Any new key must
be registered for use with your vehicle’s
immobilizer system before it can be used.
Up to four keys can be registered for use
with one vehicle.
For security, all the keys registered with
your vehicle’s immobilizer system will
have their ID codes erased and reregistered when a new key is made.
Therefore, all of your vehicle’s keys must
be presented when a new key is registered. Any key that is not re-registered
when a new key is made cannot be used
after the other keys are re-registered. For
information on replacement keys and on
the registration of keys with your immobilizer system, contact your SUBARU
dealer.
NOTE
A vehicle that is equipped with the
remote engine start system as a dealer
option can register up to three keys for
use with one vehicle.
Door locks
& Locking and unlocking from
the outside
To lock the driver’s door from the outside
with the key, turn the key toward the rear.
To unlock the door, turn the key toward the
front.
Pull the outside door handle to open an
unlocked door.
Information Provided by:
1) Rotate the lock lever rearward.
2) Close the door.
To lock the door from the outside without
the key, rotate the lock lever rearward and
then close the door.
To lock the door from the outside using the
power door locking switch, push the front
side of the switch (“LOCK” side) and then
close the door. In this case, all closed
doors and the rear gate are locked at the
same time.
Always make sure that all doors and the
rear gate are locked before leaving your
vehicle.
NOTE
Make sure that you do not leave the key
inside the vehicle when locking the
doors from the outside without the key.
& Locking and unlocking from
the inside
1) Lock
2) Unlock
To lock the door from the inside, rotate the
lock lever rearward. To unlock the door
from the inside, rotate the lock lever
forward.
The red mark on the lock lever appears
when the door is unlocked.
Pull the inside door handle to open an
unlocked door.
Always make sure that all doors and the
rear gate are closed before starting to
drive.
WARNING
Keep all doors locked when you
drive, especially when small children are in your vehicle.
Along with the proper use of seatbelts and child restraints, locking
the doors reduces the chance of
being thrown out of the vehicle in an
accident.
It also helps prevent passengers
from falling out if a door is accidentally opened, and intruders from
unexpectedly opening doors and
entering your vehicle.
& Battery drainage prevention
function
If a door or the rear gate is not completely
closed, the interior lights will remain
illuminated as a result. However, several
lights are automatically turned off by the
battery drainage prevention function to
prevent the battery from discharging. The
following interior lights are affected by this
function.
Keys and doors 2-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-6 Keys and doors
Item Switchposition
Automatically turning
off
Map lights OFF*1 Approximately 20minutes later
Dome light DOOR Approximately 20minutes later
Ignition
switch light —
Approximately 20
minutes later
Door step
lights — None
*2
Cargo area
light DOOR None
*2
*1: The map lights can be controlled by the
battery drainage prevention function only when
the map light switches are in the OFF position
and the door interlock switch is in the DOOR
position. For the switch positions, refer to “Map
light” F6-3.
*2: The door step lights and the cargo area light
are not affected by the battery drainage
prevention function, so the lights do not turn
off automatically. To turn off the lights, it is
necessary that each door and the rear gate are
completely closed.
The operational/non-operational setting of
this function can be changed by a
SUBARU dealer. Contact your SUBARU
dealer to change the setting.
NOTE
. The factory setting (default setting)
for this function is set as “operational”.
. When leaving the vehicle, please
make sure that all doors and the rear
gate are completely closed.
. The battery drainage prevention
function does not operate while the
key is in the ignition switch.
Power door locking switches
1) Lock
2) Unlock
All doors and the rear gate can be locked
and unlocked by the power door locking
switches located at the driver’s side and
the front passenger’s side doors.
To lock the doors, push the front side of
the switch.
To unlock the doors, push the rear side of
the switch.
When you close the doors after you set
the door locks, the doors remain locked.
NOTE
Make sure that you do not leave the key
inside the vehicle before locking the
Information Provided by:
doors from the outside using the power
door locking switches.
& Key lock-in prevention function
This function prevents the doors from
being locked with the key still in the
ignition switch.
! Behavior with key lock-in prevention function operational
With the driver’s door open, the doors are
automatically kept unlocked even if the
door locking switch is pushed to the front
(“LOCK”) position.
! Behavior with key lock-in prevention function non-operational
. If the lock lever is turned to the rear
(“LOCK”) position with the driver’s door
open and the driver’s door is then closed
with the lock lever in that position, the
driver’s door is locked.
. If the spare key is used to lock the
driver’s door from the outside of the
vehicle, the door is locked.
The setting of this function to operational/
non-operational status can be changed by
a SUBARU dealer. Contact a SUBARU
dealer for details.
NOTE
When leaving the vehicle, make sure
you are holding the key before locking
the doors.
Remote keyless entry system
CAUTION
. Do not expose the remote transmitter to severe shocks, such as
those experienced as a result of
dropping or throwing.
. Do not take the remote transmitter apart except when replacing
the battery.
. Do not get the remote transmitter
wet. If it gets wet, wipe it dry with
a cloth immediately.
. When you carry the remote transmitter on an airplane, do not
press the button of the remote
transmitter while in the airplane.
When any button of the remote
transmitter is pressed, radio
waves are sent and may affect
the operation of the airplane.
When you carry the remote transmitter in a bag on an airplane,
take measures to prevent the
buttons of the remote transmitter
from being pressed.
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject
Keys and doors 2-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-8 Keys and doors
to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Two transmitters are provided for your
vehicle.
The keyless entry system has the following functions.
. Locking and unlocking the doors and
rear gate without a key
. Unlocking the rear gate without a key
. Sounding a panic alarm
. Arming and disarming the alarm system. For detailed information, refer to
“Alarm system” F2-14.
The operable distance of the keyless entry
system is approximately 30 feet (10
meters). However, this distance will vary
depending on environmental conditions.
The system’s operable distance will be
shorter in areas near a facility or electronic
equipment emitting strong radio waves
such as a power plant, broadcast station,
TV tower, or remote controller of home
electronic appliances.
The keyless entry system does not operate when the key is inserted in the ignition
switch.
: Rear gate unlock button
: Unlock/disarm button
: Lock/arm button
A: Panic button
1) Front
2) Back
& Locking the doors
Press the “ ” button to lock all doors and
the rear gate. An electronic chirp will
sound once and the turn signal lights will
flash once.
If any of the doors or the rear gate is not
fully closed, an electronic chirp will sound
five times and the turn signal lights will
flash five times to alert you that the doors
or the rear gate are not properly closed.
When you close the door, it will automatically lock and then an electronic chirp will
sound once and the turn signal lights will
flash once.
Information Provided by:
& Unlocking the doors
Press the “ ” button to unlock the driver’s
door. An electronic chirp will sound twice
and the turn signal lights will flash twice.
To unlock all doors and the rear gate,
briefly press the “ ” button a second time
within 5 seconds.
NOTE
If the interval between the first and
second presses of the “ ” button (for
unlocking of all of the doors and the
rear gate) is extremely short, the system may not respond.
& Unlocking the rear gate
Pressing the “ ” button opens the rear
gate.
An electronic chirp will sound twice and
the turn signal lights will flash twice.
& Illuminated entry
The interior (dome) light and the map light
will illuminate when the “ ” button is
pressed. These lights stay illuminated for
approximately 30 seconds if any of the
doors or the rear gate is not opened.
If the “ ” button is pressed before 30
seconds have elapsed, these lights will
turn off. The dome light must be set to the
DOOR position in order for this function
to operate.
A SUBARU dealer can change the illumination period setting of the interior light in
accordance with your preference. Contact
the nearest SUBARU dealer for details.
& Vehicle finder function
Use this function to find your vehicle
parked among many vehicles in a large
parking lot. Provided you are within 30 feet
(10 meters) of the vehicle, pressing the “ ”
button three times in a 5-second period
will cause your vehicle’s horn to sound
once and its turn signal lights to flash three
times.
NOTE
If the interval between presses is too
short when you press the “ ” button
three times, the system may not respond to the signals from the remote
transmitter.
Keys and doors 2-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-10 Keys and doors
& Sounding a panic alarm
A “PANIC” button is located on the back of
the transmitter.
To activate the alarm, press the “PANIC”
button once.
The horn will sound and the turn signal
lights will flash.
To deactivate the panic alarm, press any
button on the remote transmitter. Unless a
button on the remote is pressed, the alarm
will be deactivated after approximately 30
seconds.
& Selecting audible signal operation
Using an electronic chirp, the system will
give you an audible signal when the doors
lock and unlock. If desired, you may turn
the audible signal off.
Do the following to deactivate the audible
signal. You can also use the same steps
to restore the function.
1. Sit in the driver’s seat and shut all
doors and the rear gate.
2. Hold down the UNLOCK side of the
power door locking switch.
3. While holding down the “UNLOCK”
side of the power door locking switch, pull
the key out and re-insert it into the ignition
switch at least 6 times within 10 seconds
after Step 2.
4. Open and close the driver’s door once
within 10 seconds after Step 3.
5. The turn signal lights flash 3 times to
indicate completion of the setting.
You may have the above settings done by
your SUBARU dealer.
& Replacing the battery
CAUTION
. Do not let dust, oil or water get on
or in the transmitter when replacing the battery.
. Be careful not to damage the
printed circuit board in the transmitter when replacing the battery.
. Be careful not to allow children to
touch the battery and any removed parts; children could
swallow them.
. There is a danger of explosion if
an incorrect replacement battery
is used. Replace only with the
same or equivalent type of battery.
. Batteries should not be exposed
to excessive heat such as sunshine, fire or the like.
When the transmitter battery begins to get
weak, transmitter range will begin to
decrease. Replace the battery as soon
as possible.
To replace the battery:
1. Open the transmitter case using a flatInformation Provided by:
head screwdriver.
2. Remove the old battery from the
holder.
1) Negative (−) side facing up
3. Replace with a new battery (type
CR2025 or equivalent) making sure to
install the new battery with the negative
(−) side facing up.
4. Refit the removed half of the transmitter case.
After the battery is replaced, the transmitter must be synchronized with the
keyless entry system’s control unit.
Press either the “ ” or “ ” button six
times to synchronize the unit.
& Replacing lost transmitters
If you lose a transmitter or want to
purchase additional transmitters (up to
four can be programmed), you should reprogram all of your transmitters for security reasons. It is recommended that you
have your dealer program all of your
transmitters into your system.
! Programming the transmitters
The keyless entry system is equipped with
a special code learning feature that allows
you to program new transmitter codes into
the system or to delete old ones. The
system can learn up to four unique
transmitter codes. The four transmitter
codes may be the same or different.
Programming transmitter codes into
system:
Bag containing transmitter
Transmitter circuit board
To register a new transmitter with the
keyless entry system, it is necessary to
Keys and doors 2-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-12 Keys and doors
program the transmitter’s code (identification number) into the system. A label
showing the code is affixed to the bag
containing the transmitter, and another is
affixed to the circuit board inside the
transmitter. If there is no bag, open the
transmitter case and make a note of the
eight-digit number. Program the number
into the system in accordance with the
following procedure:
1. Firmly close the doors and the rear
gate.
2. Open the driver’s door, sit on the
driver’s seat, and close the door.
3. Perform the following steps within 45
seconds.
(1) Open and close the driver’s door
once.
1) ON
2) LOCK
(2) Insert the key into the ignition
switch, then turn it from the “LOCK”
position to the “ON” position 10 times
within 15 seconds.
NOTE
. When you complete step (2), an
electronic tone will sound once.
. If you do not perform steps (1) and
(2) within 45 seconds, an error will
occur. Neither an electronic tone nor
the buzzer will sound, and the interior
lamp will not flash. In this event, perform the whole procedure again beginning with part 1.
4. Open and close the door once within
15 seconds.
NOTE
. When part 4 of the procedure is
completed, an electronic tone will
sound for 30 seconds.
. If you do not perform the operations
in part 4 within 15 seconds, an error
will occur and the electronic tone will
not sound. In this event, perform the
registration steps again beginning with
part 3 of the procedure.
5. Before the electronic tone stops
sounding, push the lock side of the power
door lock switch the same number of
times as the leftmost digit of the transmitter code. For example, push the lock
switch eight times if the leftmost digit of
the code is 8.
Information Provided by:
NOTE
. The electronic tone will stop sounding when you start entering the number.
. If you do not start entering the
number using the lock switch before
the electronic tone stops sounding, an
error will occur. In this event, perform
the registration steps again beginning
with part 3 of the procedure.
. If the interval between one push of
the switch and the next exceeds 5
seconds, an error will occur. In this
event, perform the procedure again
beginning with part 4. If an error occurs
six times, perform the procedure again
starting with part 3.
6. When you have finished entering the
number, push the unlock side of the lock
switch within 5 seconds.
NOTE
. An electronic tone will sound.
. If you push the unlock side of the
lock switch when more than 5 seconds
have passed, an error will occur. In this
event, perform the procedure again
beginning with part 4. If an error occurs
six times, perform the procedure again
starting with part 3.
7. Perform parts 5 and 6 of the procedure
for each of the remaining digits of the
transmitter code beginning with the second digit (counting from the left) and
finishing with the eighth digit.
NOTE
. When you finish entering the eighth
digit, an electronic tone will sound for
30 seconds.
. If the interval between one push of
the switch and the next exceeds 5
seconds, an error will occur. In this
event, perform the procedure again
beginning with part 4. If an error occurs
six times, perform the procedure again
starting with part 3.
8. Before the electronic tone stops
sounding, use the power door lock switch
to reenter the transmitter code beginning
with the leftmost digit.
NOTE
If you do not start entering the number
using the lock switch before the electronic tone stops sounding, an error
will occur. In this event, perform the
procedure again beginning with part 3.
9. When you have finished entering the
code a second time, an electronic tone will
sound for 1 second and automatic door
locking and unlocking operation will take
place once to indicate completion of
registration, provided the code entered
the second time is identical to that entered
the first time.
NOTE
If the code entered the second time is
not identical to the code entered the
first time, an error will occur. In this
event, perform the procedure again
beginning with part 5. If an error occurs
five times, perform the procedure again
starting with part 3.
10. If you wish to program another transmitter code into the system (up to four
transmitter codes can be programmed into
the system), perform the procedure beginning with part 4. When you have finished
programming all of the necessary transmitter codes into the system, remove the
key from the ignition switch.
Keys and doors 2-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-14 Keys and doors
11. Test every registered transmitter to
confirm correct operation.
! Deleting old transmitter codes
The control unit of the keyless entry
system has four memory locations to store
transmitter codes, giving it the ability to
operate with up to four transmitters. When
you lose a transmitter, the lost transmitter’s code remains in the memory. For
security reasons, lost transmitter codes
should be deleted from the memory.
To delete old transmitter codes, program
four transmitter codes into the system. If
you have only one current transmitter,
program it four times. If you have two
current transmitters, program each one
twice. If you have three current transmitters, program two of them once and the
third one twice. This process will leave
only current transmitter codes in the
system’s memory.
NOTE
Make sure no one else is operating
their keyless entry system within range
of your vehicle when programming
transmitters. If someone else were to
operate their remote transmitter while
you are programming your transmitters, it is possible that their transmitter
code will be programmed into your
system, allowing them unauthorized
access to your vehicle.
Alarm system
The alarm system helps to protect your
vehicle and valuables from theft. The horn
sounds and the turn signal lights flash if
someone attempts to break into your
vehicle. The starter motor is also interrupted to prevent starting the vehicle
without a key.
The system can be armed and disarmed
with the remote transmitter.
The system does not operate when the
key is inserted into the ignition switch.
Your vehicle’s alarm system has been set
for activation at the time of shipment from
the factory. You can set the system for
deactivation yourself or have it done by
your SUBARU dealer.
& System operation
The alarm system will give the following
alarms when triggered.
. The vehicle’s horn will sound for 30
seconds.
. The turn signal lights will flash for 30
seconds.
If any of the doors or the rear gate remains
open after the 30-second period, the horn
will continue to sound for a maximum of 3
minutes. If the door or the rear gate is
Information Provided by:
closed while the horn is sounding, the
horn will stop sounding with a delay of up
to 30 seconds.
The alarm is triggered by:
. Opening any of the doors or the rear
gate
. Physical impact to the vehicle, such as
forced entry (only vehicles with shock
sensors (dealer option))
NOTE
The alarm system can be set to trigger
the illumination of the following interior
lights.
. Dome light (illuminates only when
the dome light switch is in the “DOOR”
position)
. Map lights (illuminate only when the
door interlock switch is in the “DOOR”
position)
The notifications regarding the dome
light and the map lights are deactivated
as the factory setting. A SUBARU
dealer can activate the system. Contact
your SUBARU dealer for details.
& Activating and deactivating
the alarm system
To change the setting of your vehicle’s
alarm system for activation or deactivation, do the following.
1. Disarm the alarm system. Refer to
“Disarming the system” F2-17.
2. Sit in the driver’s seat and shut all
doors and the rear gate.
3. Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position.
4. Hold down the UNLOCK side of the
driver’s power door locking switch, open
the driver’s door within the following 1
second, and wait 10 seconds without
releasing the switch. The setting will then
be changed as follows.
If the system was previously activated:
The odometer/trip meter screen displays
“AL oF” and the horn sounds twice,
indicating that the system is now deactivated.
If the system was previously deactivated:
The odometer/trip meter screen displays
“AL on” and the horn sounds once,
indicating that the system is now activated.
NOTE
You may have the above setting
change done by your SUBARU dealer.
& If you have accidentally triggered the alarm system
! To stop the alarm
Do any of the following operations:
. Press any button on the remote transmitter.
. Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position.
& Arming the system
! To arm the system using remote
transmitter
1. Close all windows and the moonroof (if
equipped).
2. Remove the key from the ignition
switch.
3. Open the doors and get out of the
vehicle.
4. Make sure that the engine hood is
locked.
5. Close all doors and the rear gate.
Keys and doors 2-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-16 Keys and doors
: Press to Arm the system.
: Press to Disarm the system.
6. Briefly press the “ ” button (for less
than 2 seconds). All doors and the rear
gate will lock, an electronic chirp will
sound once, the turn signal lights will flash
once, and the indicator lights will start
flashing rapidly. After rapid flashing for 30
seconds (standby time), the indicator
lights will then flash slowly (twice approximately every 2 seconds), indicating that
the system has been armed for surveillance.
If any of the doors or the rear gate is not
fully closed, an electronic chirp sounds
five times, the turn signal lights flash five
times to alert you that the doors or the rear
gate are not properly closed. When you
close the door, the system will automatically arm and doors will automatically lock.
! To arm the system using power
door locking switches
1. Close all windows.
2. Remove the key from the ignition
switch.
3. Open the doors and get out of the
vehicle.
4. Make sure that the engine hood is
locked.
5. Close the doors and the rear gate but
leave only the driver’s door or the front
passenger’s door open.
6. Push the front side (“LOCK” side) of
the power door locking switch to set the
door locks.
7. Close the door. An electronic chirp will
sound once, the turn signal lights will flash
once and the indicator lights will start
flashing rapidly. After rapid flashing for 30
seconds (standby time), the indicator
lights will then flash slowly (twice approximately every 2 seconds), indicating that
the system has been armed for surveillance.
NOTE
. The system can be armed even if the
engine hood, the windows and/or
moonroof (if equipped) are open. Always make sure that they are fully
closed before arming the system.
Information Provided by:
. The 30-second standby time can be
eliminated if you prefer. Have it performed by your SUBARU dealer.
. The system is in the standby mode
for a 30-second period after locking the
doors with the remote transmitter. The
security indicator light will flash at
short intervals during this period.
. If any of the following actions are
done during the standby period, the
system will not switch to the surveillance state.
– Doors are unlocked using the
remote transmitter.
– Any door (including the rear
gate) is opened.
– Ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position.
& Disarming the system
Briefly press the “ ” button (for less than
2 seconds) on the remote transmitter. The
driver’s door will unlock, an electronic
chirp will sound twice, the turn signal
lights will flash twice. The flashing of the
security indicator light will then change
slowly (once approximately every 3 seconds from twice approximately every 2
seconds), indicating that the alarm system
has been disarmed.
NOTE
After disarming the alarm system,
briefly press the “ ” button a second
time within 5 seconds to unlock all
other doors and the rear gate.
! Emergency disarming
If you cannot disarm the system using the
transmitter (i.e. the transmitter is lost,
broken or the transmitter battery is too
weak), you can disarm the system without
using the transmitter as follows.
. Turn the ignition switch from the
“LOCK” to the “ON” position with a
registered key.
& Valet mode
When you choose the valet mode, the
alarm system does not operate. In valet
mode, the remote transmitter is used only
for locking and unlocking the doors and
rear gate and panic activation.
To enter the valet mode, change the
setting of your vehicle’s alarm system for
deactivation mode. Refer to “Activating
and deactivating the alarm system” F215. The security indicator light will continue to flash once every 3 seconds
indicating that the system is in the valet
mode.
To exit valet mode, change the setting of
your vehicle’s alarm system for activation
mode. Refer to “Activating and deactivating the alarm system” F2-15.
& Passive arming
When passive arming mode has been
programmed by the dealer, arming of the
system is automatically accomplished
without using the remote transmitter. Note
that in this mode, DOORS MUST BE
MANUALLY LOCKED.
! To enter the passive mode
If you wish to program the passive arming
mode, have it done by your SUBARU
dealer.
! Arming the system
CAUTION
In passive mode, the system will
automatically activate the alarm but
WILL NOT automatically lock the
doors. In order to lock the doors
you must either lock them as indicated in step 4 below or with the
key once they have been closed.
Failure to lock the doors manually
will result in a higher security risk.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position.
Keys and doors 2-17
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-18 Keys and doors
1) ON
2) LOCK
2. Turn the ignition switch from “ON” to
“LOCK” position and remove the key from
the ignition switch.
3. Open the doors and get out of the
vehicle.
4. Before closing the doors, lock all doors
with the inside door lock levers.
5. Close the doors. The system will
automatically arm after 1 minute.
In the passive mode, the system can also
be armed with the remote transmitter or
with the power door locking switches. If
the remote transmitter or power door
locking switch is used to lock the vehicle,
arming will take place immediately regardless of whether or not the passive mode
has been selected.
! Disarming the system
To disarm the system, briefly press the
“ ” button on the transmitter.
& Tripped sensor identification
The security indicator light flashes when
the alarm system has been triggered.
Also, the number of flashes indicates the
location of unauthorized intrusion or the
severity of impact on the vehicle.
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, the indicator light will light
for 1 second and then flash as follows.
. When a door or rear gate was opened:
5 times
. When the ignition switch was turned to
the “ON” position: 3 times
. When a strong impact or multiple
impacts were sensed: twice (only vehicles
with shock sensors (dealer option))
. When a light impact was sensed: once
(only vehicles with shock sensors (dealer
option))
NOTE
Any of the above indicator light flashings will recur each time the ignition
switch is turned to the “ON” position.
Rearming the alarm system cancels the
flashing.
Information Provided by:
& Shock sensors (dealer option)
The shock sensors trigger the alarm
system when they sense impacts applied
to the vehicle and when any of their
electric wires are cut. The alarm system
causes the horn to sound and the turn
signal lights to flash for a short time when
the sensed impact is weak, but it warns of
a strong impact or multiple impacts by
sounding the horn and flashing the turn
signal lights, both lasting approximately 30
seconds.
If you desire, your SUBARU dealer can
connect them and set them for activation
or deactivation.
NOTE
. The shock sensors are not always
able to sense impacts caused by breaking in, and cannot sense an impact that
does not cause vibration (such as
breaking the glass using a rescue
hammer).
. The shock sensors may sense vibration as indicated in the following
examples and trigger the alarm system.
Select the settings of the alarm system
and shock sensors appropriately depending on where you usually park
your vehicle.
Examples:
Vibration from a construction site
Vibration in a multistory car park
Vibration from trains
. You can have the sensitivity of the
shock sensors adjusted to your preference by your SUBARU dealer.
Child safety locks
Each rear door has a child safety lock that
prevents the doors from being opened
even if the inside door handle is pulled.
When the child safety lock lever is in the
lock position, the door cannot be opened
from inside regardless of the position of
the inner door handle lock lever. The door
can only be opened from the outside.
WARNING
Always turn the child safety locks to
the “LOCK” position when children
sit on the rear seat. Serious injury
could result if a child accidentally
opens the door and falls out.
Keys and doors 2-19
Information Provided by:
2-20 Keys and doors
Windows
& Power windows
WARNING
To avoid serious personal injury
caused by entrapment, always conform to the following instructions
without exception.
. When operating the power windows, be extremely careful to
prevent anyone’s fingers, arms,
neck or head from being caught
in the window.
. Always lock the passengers’ windows using the lock switch when
children are riding in the vehicle.
. Before leaving the vehicle, always remove the key from the
ignition switch for safety and
never allow an unattended child
to remain in the vehicle. Failure
to follow this procedure could
result in injury to a child operating the power window.
The power windows operate only when
the ignition switch is in the “ON” position.
! Driver’s side switches
1) Lock switch
2) For driver’s window (with one-touch auto
down feature)
3) For front passenger’s window
4) For rear left window
5) For rear right window
All door windows can be controlled by the
power window switch cluster at the driver
side door.
! Operating the driver’s window
1) Open
2) Automatically open
3) Close
To open:
Push the switch down lightly and hold it.
The window will open as long as the
switch is held.
This switch also has a one-touch auto
down feature that allows the window to be
opened fully without holding the switch.
Push the switch down until it clicks and
release it, and the window will fully open.
To stop the window halfway, pull the
switch up lightly.
To close:
Pull the switch up lightly and hold it. The
window will close as long as the switch is
Information Provided by:
held.
! Operating the passengers’ windows
To open:
Push the appropriate switch down and
hold it until the window reaches the
desired position.
To close:
Pull the switch up and hold it until the
window reaches the desired position.
! Locking the passengers’ windows
1) Lock
2) Unlock
Push the lock switch. When the lock
switch is in the “LOCK” position, the
passengers’ windows cannot be opened
or closed.
Push the switch again to cancel the
passengers’ window locking.
! Passengers’ side switches
To open:
Push the switch down and hold it until the
window reaches the desired position.
To close:
Pull the switch up and hold it until the
window reaches the desired position.
When the lock switch on the power
window switch cluster, located on the
driver’s side door, is in the “LOCK”
position, the passengers’ windows cannot
be operated with the passengers’
switches.
Keys and doors 2-21
Information Provided by:
2-22 Keys and doors
Rear gate
The rear gate can be locked and unlocked
using any of the following systems.
. Power door locking switch: Refer to
“Power door locking switches” F2-6.
. Remote keyless entry system: Refer to
“Remote keyless entry system” F2-7.
To open:
Unlock the rear gate and push the rear
gate opener button to open the rear gate.
To close:
Lower the rear gate slowly and push down
firmly until the latch engages.
The rear gate can be lowered easily if you
pull it down holding the recessed grip.
WARNING
. To prevent dangerous exhaust
gas from entering the vehicle,
always keep the rear gate closed
while driving.
. Do not attempt to shut the rear
gate while holding the recessed
grip. Also avoid closing the rear
gate by pulling on the recessed
grip from inside the cargo space.
There is a danger of your hand
being caught and injured.
CAUTION
. Do not jam a plastic bag in or
place cellophane tape on the rear
gate stays or scratch the stays
while loading or unloading cargo.
That could cause leakage of gas
from the stays, which may result
in their inability to hold the rear
gate open.
. Be careful not to hit your head or
face on the rear gate when opening or closing the rear gate and
when loading or unloading cargo.
NOTE
If the rear gate cannot be unlocked due
to a discharged vehicle battery, a
malfunction in the door locking/unlocking system or other causes, you can
unlock it by manually operating the
rear gate lock release lever. For the
Information Provided by:
procedure, refer to “Rear gate – if the
rear gate cannot be opened” F9-17.
Moonroof (if equipped)
WARNING
Never let anyone’s hands, arms,
head or any objects protrude from
the moonroof. A person could be
seriously injured if the vehicle stops
suddenly or turns sharply or if the
vehicle is involved in an accident.
To avoid serious personal injury
caused by entrapment, always conform to the following instructions
without exception.
. Before closing the moonroof,
make sure that no one’s hands,
arms, head or other objects will
be accidentally caught in the
moonroof.
. Before leaving the vehicle, always remove the key from the
ignition switch for safety and
never allow an unattended child
to remain in the vehicle. Failure
to follow this procedure could
result in injury to a child operating the moonroof.
. Never try to check the anti-entrapment function by deliberately
placing part of your body in the
moonroof.
CAUTION
. Do not sit on the edge of the open
moonroof.
. Do not operate the moonroof if
falling snow or extremely cold
conditions have caused it to
freeze shut.
1) Open/close switch
2) Open
3) Close
Keys and doors 2-23
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
2-24 Keys and doors
The moonroof operates only when the
ignition switch is in the “ON” position.
& To open the moonroof
Pull the switch to the “OPEN” side and
quickly release it to open the moonroof.
The sun shade will also be opened
together with the moonroof. The moonroof
will stop at a position 20 in (50 cm) away
from the fully closed position. Pull the
switch again to open the moonroof completely.
To stop the moonroof at a desired position,
momentarily push the switch to the
“CLOSE” or “OPEN” side.
After washing the vehicle or after it rains,
wipe away water on the roof prior to
opening the moonroof to prevent drops
of water from falling into the passenger
compartment.
& To close the moonroof
Push the switch to the “CLOSE” side then
quickly release it to close the moonroof.
The moonroof will stop at a position 8 in
(20 cm) away from the fully closed
position. Push the switch again to close
the moonroof completely.
To stop the moonroof at a desired position,
momentarily push the switch to the
“CLOSE” or “OPEN” side.
& Anti-entrapment function
When the moonroof senses a substantial
enough object trapped between its glass
and the vehicle’s roof during closure, it
automatically moves back by 6 in (15 cm)
from that point and then stops. The antientrapment function may also be activated
by a strong shock on the moonroof even
when there is nothing trapped.
CAUTION
Never attempt to test this function
using fingers, hands or other parts
of your body.
NOTE
. For the sake of safety, it is recommended that you avoid driving with the
moonroof fully opened.
. Driving with the moonroof fully open
can cause an annoying sound to generate at high speeds. If such a condition has been encountered, use the
moonroof at the initial stop position of
20 in (50 cm) away from the fully closed
position.
. If the moonroof cannot be closed
through switch operation because of
system failure, it can be closed manually using a hex-head wrench. For the
procedure, refer to “Moonroof – if the
moonroof cannot be closed” F9-17.
Information Provided by:
& Sun shade
The sun shade can be slid forward or
backward by hand while the moonroof is
closed.
If the moonroof is opened, the sun shade
also moves back.
Keys and doors 2-25
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
Ignition switch ..................................................... 3-3
LOCK.................................................................. 3-3
Acc..................................................................... 3-4
ON...................................................................... 3-4
START ................................................................ 3-4
Key reminder chime ............................................ 3-5
Ignition switch light ............................................. 3-5
Hazard warning flasher....................................... 3-5
Meters and gauges.............................................. 3-5
Combination meter illumination ........................... 3-5
Canceling the function for meter/gauge needle
movement upon turning on the ignition
switch............................................................... 3-6
Speedometer....................................................... 3-6
Odometer/Trip meter............................................ 3-6
Tachometer ......................................................... 3-8
Fuel gauge.......................................................... 3-8
Warning and indicator lights .............................. 3-9
Seatbelt warning light and chime ........................ 3-10
SRS airbag system warning light ........................ 3-11
Front passenger’s frontal airbag ON and OFF
indicators......................................................... 3-12
CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction
indicator lamp .................................................. 3-12
Coolant temperature low indicator light/Coolant
temperature high warning light ......................... 3-13
Charge warning light .......................................... 3-14
Oil pressure warning light .................................. 3-14
AT OIL TEMP warning light (AT models) .............. 3-14
Low tire pressure warning light (U.S.-spec.
models)............................................................ 3-15
ABS warning light.............................................. 3-16
Brake system warning light................................ 3-17
Low fuel warning light ....................................... 3-18
Hill start assist warning light (MT models) .......... 3-18
Door open warning light .................................... 3-18
All-Wheel Drive warning light (AT models) .......... 3-18
Automatic headlight beam leveler warning light
(models with HID headlights)............................ 3-18
Vehicle Dynamics Control operation indicator
light ................................................................ 3-19
Vehicle Dynamics Control warning light/Vehicle
Dynamics Control OFF indicator light ............... 3-19
Security indicator light....................................... 3-20
SPORT mode indicator light (AT models) ............ 3-20
Selector lever and gear position indicator (AT
models) ........................................................... 3-21
Turn signal indicator lights................................. 3-21
High beam indicator light ................................... 3-21
Cruise control indicator light.............................. 3-21
Cruise control set indicator light ........................ 3-21
Front fog light indicator light (if equipped).......... 3-21
Headlight indicator light ..................................... 3-21
Clock .................................................................. 3-22
Information display............................................ 3-22
Outside temperature indicator ............................ 3-23
Current fuel consumption (if equipped) .............. 3-24
Average fuel consumption ................................. 3-24
To turn off fuel consumption indicator
display ............................................................ 3-24
Light control switch........................................... 3-25
Headlights ......................................................... 3-26
Instruments and controls
3
Information Provided by:
Instruments and controls
High/low beam change (dimmer)......................... 3-26
Headlight flasher ................................................ 3-26
Daytime running light system (if equipped) ......... 3-27
Automatic headlight beam leveler (models with
HID headlights) ................................................ 3-27
Turn signal lever ................................................ 3-27
Illumination brightness control ......................... 3-28
Front fog light switch (if equipped) .................. 3-28
Wiper and washer .............................................. 3-29
Windshield wiper and washer switches............... 3-30
Rear window wiper and washer switch ............... 3-32
Mirrors ................................................................ 3-32
Inside mirror...................................................... 3-32
Outside mirrors ................................................. 3-34
Defogger and deicer .......................................... 3-35
Tilt steering wheel (if equipped) ....................... 3-37
Tilt/telescopic steering wheel (if equipped) ..... 3-38
Horn.................................................................... 3-38
Information Provided by:
Ignition switch
WARNING
. Never turn the ignition switch to
“LOCK” while the vehicle is
being driven or towed because
that will lock the steering wheel,
preventing steering control. And
when the engine is turned off, it
takes a much greater effort than
usual to steer.
. Before leaving the vehicle, always remove the key from the
ignition switch for safety and
never allow an unattended child
to remain in the vehicle. Failure
to follow this procedure could
result in injury to a child or
others. Children could operate
the power windows, the moonroof or other controls or even
make the vehicle move.
CAUTION
Do not attach a large key holder or
key case to either key. If it banged
against your knees or hands while
you are driving, it could turn the
ignition switch from the “ON” position to the “Acc” or “LOCK” position, thereby stopping the engine.
Also, if the key is attached to a
keyholder or to a large bunch of
other keys, centrifugal force may act
on it as the vehicle moves, resulting
in unwanted turning of the ignition
switch.
The ignition switch has four positions:
LOCK, Acc, ON and START.
NOTE
. Keep the ignition switch in the
“LOCK” position when the engine is
not running.
. Using electrical accessories for a
long time with the ignition switch in the
“ON” or “Acc” position can cause the
battery to go dead.
. If the ignition switch will not move
from the “LOCK” position to the “Acc”
position, turn the steering wheel
slightly to the left and right as you turn
the ignition switch.
& LOCK
The key can only be inserted or removed
in this position. The ignition switch will lock
the steering wheel when you remove the
key.
If turning the key is difficult, turn the
steering wheel slightly to the right and left
as you turn the key.
! Automatic transmission models
Instruments and controls 3-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-4 Instruments and controls
The key can be turned from “Acc” to
“LOCK” only when the selector lever is in
the “P” position.
! Manual transmission models
The key can be turned from “Acc” to
“LOCK” only when the key is pushed in
while turning it.
& Acc
In this position the electrical accessories
(radio, accessory power outlet, etc.) can
be used.
& ON
This is the normal operating position after
the engine is started.
& START
The engine is started in this position. The
starter cranks the engine to start it. When
the key is released (after the engine has
started), the key automatically returns to
the “ON” position.
CAUTION
Do not turn the ignition switch to the
“START” position while the engine
is running.
If your registered key fails to start the
engine, pull out the key once (the security
indicator light will blink), and then insert
the key in the ignition switch and turn it to
the “START” position and again try to start
the engine.
NOTE
The engine may not start in the following cases:
. The key grip is touching another key
or a metallic key holder.
. The key is near another key that
Information Provided by:
contains an immobilizer transponder.
. The key is near or touching another
transmitter.
& Key reminder chime
The reminder chime sounds when the
driver’s door opens and the key is in the
“LOCK” or “Acc” position. The chime stops
when the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position or the key is removed from
the ignition switch.
& Ignition switch light
For easy access to the ignition switch in
the dark, the ignition switch light illuminates when the driver’s door is opened or
when the driver’s door is unlocked using
the remote keyless entry transmitter. The
light remains on for several tens of
seconds and then gradually turns off after
driver’s door is closed. Also, the light turns
off immediately if the key is turned to the
“ON” position or if all doors and the rear
gate are locked using the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
Hazard warning flasher
The hazard warning flasher is used to
warn other drivers when you have to park
your vehicle under emergency conditions.
The hazard warning flasher works regardless of the position of the ignition switch.
To turn on the hazard warning flasher,
push the hazard warning button on the
instrument panel. To turn off the flasher,
push the button again.
NOTE
When the hazard warning flasher is on,
the turn signals do not work.
Meters and gauges
NOTE
Liquid-crystal displays are used in
some of the meters and gauges on
the combination meter. You will find
their indications hard to see if you wear
polarized glasses.
& Combination meter illumination
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, the various parts of the
combination meter are illuminated in the
following sequence:
1. Warning lights, indicator lights, meter
needles, gauge needles, odometer and
trip meter back light illuminate.
2. Meter needles and gauge needles
each show MAX position.
3. Meter needles and gauge needles
each show MIN position.
4. Dials and indicators in meters and
gauges light up.
5. Regular illumination (for driving) begins.
Instruments and controls 3-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-6 Instruments and controls
& Canceling the function for
meter/gauge needle movement upon turning on the
ignition switch
It is possible to activate or deactivate the
movement of the meter needles and
gauge needles that takes place when the
ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position.
Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK” or
“Acc” position.
Press the trip knob to show “ ” or “ ”
on the odometer/trip meter display.
The display can be switched as shown in
the following illustration by pressing the
trip knob.
*: “ ” or “ ” cannot be displayed when
the ignition switch is in the “ON” position.
To change the current setting, press the
trip knob for at least 2 seconds.
: Activated
: Deactivated
NOTE
. Your vehicle’s initial movement
setting of the meter/gauge needles
has been set for activation “ ” at the
time of shipment from the factory.
. It is not possible to cancel the initial
movement setting of the meter/gauge
needles when the ignition switch is in
the “ON” position. Cancel the setting
when the ignition switch is in the
“LOCK” or “Acc” position.
& Speedometer
The speedometer shows the vehicle
speed.
& Odometer/Trip meter
1) Trip knob
This meter displays the odometer and two
trip meters when the ignition switch is in
the “ON” position.
If you press the trip knob when the ignition
switch is in the “LOCK” or “Acc” position,
the odometer/trip meter will light up. It is
possible to switch the indications while the
odometer/trip meter is lit up. If you do not
press the trip knob within 10 seconds of
illumination of the odometer/trip meter, the
odometer/trip meter will turn off.
Information Provided by:
The display can be switched as shown
below by pressing the trip knob.
*: “ ” or “ ” cannot be displayed when
the ignition switch is in the “ON” position.
For the “ ” or “ ” indication, refer to
“Canceling the function for meter/gauge
needle movement upon turning on the
ignition switch” F3-6.
! Odometer
The odometer shows the total distance
that the vehicle has been driven.
! Double trip meter
The trip meter shows the distance that the
vehicle has been driven since you last set
it to zero.
To set the trip meter to zero, select the A
trip or B trip meter by pushing the knob
and keep the knob pushed for more than 2
seconds.
CAUTION
To ensure safety, do not attempt to
change the function of the indicator
during driving, as an accident could
result.
NOTE
If the connection between the combination meter and battery is broken for any
reason such as vehicle maintenance or
fuse replacement, the data recorded on
the trip meter will be lost.
Instruments and controls 3-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-8 Instruments and controls
& Tachometer
The tachometer shows the engine speed
in thousands of revolutions per minute.
CAUTION
Do not operate the engine with the
pointer of the tachometer in the red
zone. This may cause severe damage to the engine.
NOTE (non-turbo models)
To protect the engine while the selector
lever is in the “P” or “N” position (for
AT models) or the shift lever is in the
neutral position (for MT models), the
engine is controlled so that the engine
speed may not become too high even if
the accelerator pedal is depressed
hard.
& Fuel gauge
1) Low fuel warning light
The fuel gauge shows the approximate
amount of fuel remaining in the tank.
When the ignition switch is in the “LOCK”
or “Acc” position, the fuel gauge shows “E”
even if the fuel tank contains fuel.
The gauge may move slightly during
braking, turning or acceleration due to fuel
level movement in the tank.
If you press the trip knob while the ignition
switch is in the “LOCK” or “Acc” position,
the fuel gauge will light up and indicate the
amount of fuel remaining in the tank.
If, while the fuel gauge is indicating the
amount of fuel remaining in the tank, you
(a) do not press the trip knob for 10
seconds or (b) open and close the driver’s
door, the fuel gauge indication will turn off.
NOTE
You will see the “ ” sign in the fuel
gauge.
This indicates that the fuel filler door
(lid) is located on the right side of the
vehicle.
! Low fuel warning light
The low fuel warning light illuminates
when the tank is nearly empty [approximately 2.6 US gal (10.0 liters, 2.2 Imp
gal)]. It only operates when the ignition
switch is in the “ON” position. When this
light illuminates, fill the fuel tank immediately.
Information Provided by:
NOTE
This light does not turn off unless the
tank is replenished up to an internal
fuel quantity of approximately 4.0 US
gal (15 liters, 3.3 Imp gal).
CAUTION
Promptly put fuel in the tank whenever the low fuel warning light
illuminates. Engine misfires as a
result of an empty tank could cause
damage to the engine.
Warning and indicator lights
Several of the warning and indicator lights
illuminate momentarily and then turn off
when the ignition switch is initially turned
to the “ON” position. This permits checking the operation of the bulbs.
Apply the parking brake and turn the
ignition switch to the “ON” position. The
following lights illuminate:
: Seatbelt warning light
(The seatbelt warning light turns off
only when the driver fastens the
seatbelt.)
: Front passenger’s seatbelt warning
light
(The seatbelt warning light turns off
only when the front seat passenger
fastens the seatbelt.)
: SRS airbag system warning light
ON / : Front passenger’s frontal airbag
ON indicator light
/ : Front passenger’s frontal airbag
OFF indicator light
: CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp
: Coolant temperature high warning light
: Charge warning light
: Oil pressure warning light
: AT OIL TEMP warning light
(AT models)
: Low tire pressure warning light
(U.S.- spec. models)
/ : ABS warning light
/ : Brake system warning light
: Low fuel warning light
: Hill start assist warning light
(MT models)
: Door open warning light
: AWD warning light
(AT models)
: Vehicle Dynamics Control operation
indicator light
: Vehicle Dynamics Control warning
light/Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF
indicator light
: SPORT mode indicator light
(AT models)
: Cruise control indicator light
: Cruise control set indicator light
: Automatic headlight beam leveler
warning light (models with HID headInstruments and controls 3-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-10 Instruments and controls
lights)
If any lights fail to illuminate, it indicates a
burned-out bulb or a malfunction of the
corresponding system.
Consult your authorized SUBARU dealer
for repair.
& Seatbelt warning light
and chime
Your vehicle is equipped with a seatbelt
warning device at the driver’s and front
passenger’s seat, as required by current
safety standards.
With the ignition switch turned to the “ON”
position, this device reminds the driver
and front passenger to fasten their seatbelts by illuminating the warning lights in
the locations indicated in the following
illustration and sounding a chime.
Driver’s warning light
Front passenger’s warning light
! Operation
If the driver and/or front passenger have/
has not yet fastened the seatbelt(s) when
the ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position, the seatbelt warning light(s) will
flash for 6 seconds, to warn that the
seatbelt(s) is/are unfastened. If the driver’s seatbelt is not fastened, a chime will
also sound simultaneously.
NOTE
. If the driver’s and/or front passenger’s seatbelt(s) are/is still not fastened
6 seconds later, the seatbelt warning
device operates as follows according
to the vehicle speed.
– At speeds lower than approximately 9 mph (15 km/h)
The warning light(s) for unfastened
seatbelt(s) will alternate between
steady illumination and flashing at
15-second intervals. The chime will
not sound.
– At speeds higher than approximately 9 mph (15 km/h)
The warning light(s) for unfastened
seatbelt(s) will alternate between
flashing and steady illumination at
15-second intervals and the chime
will sound while the warning light(s)
is/are flashing.
. It is possible to cancel the warning
operation that follows the 6-second
warning after turning ON the ignition
switch. When the ignition switch is
Information Provided by:
turned ON next time, however, the
complete sequence of the warning
operation resumes. For further details
about canceling the warning operation,
please contact your SUBARU dealer.
If there is no passenger on the front
passenger’s seat, the seatbelt warning
device for the front passenger’s seat will
be deactivated. The front passenger’s
occupant detection system monitors
whether or not there is a passenger on
the front passenger’s seat. Observe the
following precautions. Failure to do so
may prevent the device from functioning
correctly or cause the device to fail.
. Do not install any accessory such as a
table or TV onto the seatback.
. Do not store a heavy load in the
seatback pocket.
. Do not allow the rear seat occupant to
place his/her hands or legs on the front
passenger’s seatback, or allow him/her to
pull the seatback.
. Do not use front seats with their backward-forward position and seatback not
being locked into place securely. If any of
them are not locked securely, adjust them
again. For the adjustment procedure of
the manual seats, refer to “Manual seat”
F1-3.
If the seatbelt warning device for the front
passenger’s seat does not function correctly (e.g., it is activated even when the
front passenger’s seat is empty or it is
deactivated even when the front passenger has not fastened his/her seatbelt),
take the following actions.
. Ensure that no article is placed on the
seat other than a child restraint system
and its child occupant, although we
strongly recommend that all children sit
in the rear seat properly restrained.
. Ensure that there is no article left in the
seatback pocket.
. Ensure that the backward-forward position and seatback of front passenger’s
seat are locked into place securely by
moving the seat back and forth.
If still the seatbelt warning device for front
passenger’s seat does not function correctly after taking relevant corrective actions described above, immediately contact your SUBARU dealer for an inspection.
& SRS airbag system
warning light
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, the SRS airbag system
warning light will illuminate for approximately 6 seconds and turn off. This shows
that the SRS airbag, SRS side airbag,
SRS curtain airbag and seatbelt pretensioners are operating normally.
WARNING
If the warning light exhibits any of
the following conditions, there may
be a malfunction in the seatbelt
pretensioners and/or SRS airbag
system. Immediately take your vehicle to your nearest SUBARU dealer
to have the system checked. Unless
checked and properly repaired, the
seatbelt pretensioners and/or SRS
airbag will not operate properly in
the event of a collision, which may
increase the risk of injury.
. Flashing or flickering of the warning light
. No illumination of the warning
light when the ignition switch is
first turned to the “ON” position
. Continuous illumination of the
warning light
. Illumination of the warning light
while driving
Instruments and controls 3-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-12 Instruments and controls
& Front passenger’s frontal
airbag ON and OFF indicators
ON / : Front passenger’s frontal airbag ON
indicator
/ : Front passenger’s frontal airbag OFF
indicator
The front passenger’s frontal airbag ON
and OFF indicators show you the status of
the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag.
The indicators are located next to the
clock in the center portion of the dashboard.
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, both the ON and OFF
indicators illuminate for 6 seconds during
which time the system is checked. Following the system check, both indicators turn
off for 2 seconds. After that, one of the
indicators illuminates depending on the
status of the front passenger’s SRS frontal
airbag determined by the SUBARU advanced frontal airbag system monitoring.
If the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
is activated, the passenger’s frontal airbag
ON indicator will illuminate while the OFF
indicator will remain off.
If the front passenger’s SRS frontal airbag
is deactivated, the passenger’s frontal
airbag ON indicator will remain off while
the OFF indicator will illuminate.
With the ignition switch turned to the “ON”
position, if both the ON and OFF indicators remain illuminated or off simultaneously even after the system check
period, the system is faulty. Contact your
SUBARU dealer immediately for an inspection.
& CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp
CAUTION
If the CHECK ENGINE light illuminates while you are driving, have
your vehicle checked/repaired by
your SUBARU dealer as soon as
possible. Continued vehicle operation without having the emission
control system checked and repaired as necessary could cause
serious damage, which may not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty.
If this light illuminates steadily or blinks
while the engine is running, it may indicate
that there is a problem or potential
problem somewhere in the emission control system.
! If the light illuminates steadily
If the light illuminates steadily while driving
or does not turn off after the engine starts,
an emission control system malfunction
has been detected.
You should have your vehicle checked by
an authorized SUBARU dealer immediately.
NOTE
This light also illuminates when the fuel
filler cap is not tightened until it clicks.
If you have recently refueled your vehicle,
the cause of the CHECK ENGINE warning
light/malfunction indicator lamp coming on
could be a loose or missing fuel filler cap.
Remove the cap and retighten it until it
clicks. Make sure nothing is interfering
with the sealing of the cap. Tightening the
cap will not make the CHECK ENGINE
warning light turn off immediately. It may
Information Provided by:
take several driving trips. If the light does
not turn off, take your vehicle to your
authorized SUBARU dealer immediately.
! If the light is blinking
If the light is blinking while driving, an
engine misfire condition has been detected which may damage the emission
control system.
To prevent serious damage to the emission control system, you should do the
following.
. Reduce vehicle speed.
. Avoid hard acceleration.
. Avoid steep uphill grades.
. Reduce the amount of cargo, if possible.
The CHECK ENGINE warning light may
stop blinking and illuminate steadily after
several driving trips. You should have your
vehicle checked by an authorized
SUBARU dealer immediately.
& Coolant temperature
low indicator light/Coolant temperature high
warning light
CAUTION
. After turning the ignition switch
to the “ON” position, if this
indicator light/warning light behaves under any of the following
conditions, the electrical system
may be malfunctioning. Contact
your SUBARU dealer immediately for an inspection.
– It remains blinking in RED.
– It remains illuminated in RED
for more than 2 seconds.
– It remains blinking in RED and
BLUE alternately.
. While driving, if this indicator
light/warning light behaves under
any of the following conditions,
take the specified appropriate
measure listed below.
– Blinking or illuminated in
RED:
Safely stop the vehicle as
soon as possible, and refer
to the emergency steps for the
case of engine overheating.
After that, have the system
checked by your nearest
SUBARU dealer. Refer to “Engine overheating” F9-12.
– Blinking in RED and BLUE
alternately:
The electrical system may be
malfunctioning. Contact your
SUBARU dealer for an inspection.
This coolant temperature low indicator
light/coolant temperature high warning
light has the following three functions.
. Illumination in BLUE indicates insufficient warming up of the engine
. Blinking in RED indicates that the
engine is close to overheating
. Illumination in RED indicates overheating condition of the engine
For the system check, this indicator light/
warning light illuminates in RED for
approximately 2 seconds when the ignition switch is turned to the “ON” position.
After that, this indicator light/warning light
changes to BLUE and maintains illumination in BLUE. This BLUE illuminated light
turns off when the engine is warmed up
sufficiently.
If the engine coolant temperature inInstruments and controls 3-13
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Information Provided by:
3-14 Instruments and controls
creases over the appropriate range, the
indicator light/warning light blinks in RED.
At this time, the engine is close to overheating.
If the engine coolant temperature increases further, the indicator light/warning
light illuminates in RED continuously. At
this time, the engine may be overheating.
When the indicator light/warning light
blinks in RED or illuminates in RED, safely
stop the vehicle as soon as possible, and
refer to the emergency steps for the case
of engine overheating. Refer to “Engine
overheating” F9-12. After that, have the
system checked by your nearest
SUBARU dealer.
Also, if the indicator light/warning light
often blinks in RED, the electrical system
may be malfunctioning. Contact your
SUBARU dealer for an inspection.
NOTE
If the engine is restarted after a certain
driving condition, this indicator light/
warning light may illuminate in RED.
However, this is not a malfunction if the
indicator light/warning light turns off
after a short time.
& Charge warning light
If this light illuminates when the engine is
running, it may indicate that the charging
system is not working properly.
If the light illuminates while driving or does
not turn off after the engine starts, stop the
engine at the first safe opportunity and
check the alternator belt. If the belt is
loose, broken or if the belt is in good
condition but the light remains on, contact
your nearest SUBARU dealer immediately.
& Oil pressure warning
light
If this light illuminates when the engine is
running, it may indicate that the engine oil
pressure is low and the lubricating system
is not working properly.
If the light illuminates while driving or does
not turn off after the engine starts, stop the
engine at the first safe opportunity and
check the engine oil level. If the oil level is
low, add oil immediately. If the engine oil is
at the proper level but the light remains on,
contact your nearest SUBARU dealer
immediately.
CAUTION
Do not operate the engine with the
oil pressure warning light on. This
may cause serious engine damage.
& AT OIL TEMP warning
light (AT models)
The AT oil temperature warning light “AT
OIL TEMP” illuminates when the ignition
switch is turned to the “ON” position and
turns off after the engine has started.
If this light illuminates when the engine is
running, it may indicate that the automatic
transmission fluid temperature is too hot.
If the light illuminates while driving, immediately stop the vehicle in a safe place
and let the engine idle until the warning
light turns off.
! Automatic transmission control
system warning
If the light flashes after the engine starts, it
may indicate that the automatic transmission control system is not working properly. Contact your nearest SUBARU dealer for service immediately.
Information Provided by:
& Low tire pressure
warning light (U.S.-spec.
models)
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, the low tire pressure warning light will illuminate for approximately 2
seconds to check that the tire pressure
monitoring system (TPMS) is functioning
properly. If there is no problem and all tires
are properly inflated, the light will turn off.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided),
should be checked monthly when cold
and inflated to the inflation pressure
recommended by the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire inflation
pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
a different size than the size indicated on
the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you should determine the
proper inflation pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety feature, your vehicle
has been equipped with a tire pressure
monitoring system (TPMS) that illuminates
a low tire pressure telltale when one or
more of your tires is significantly underinflated. Accordingly, when the low tire
pressure telltale illuminates, you should
stop and check your tires as soon as
possible, and inflate them to the proper
pressure. Driving on a significantly underinflated tire causes the tire to overheat and
can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life,
and may affect the vehicle’s handling and
stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a
substitute for proper tire maintenance,
and it is the driver’s responsibility to
maintain correct tire pressure, even if
under-inflation has not reached the level
to trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire
pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with
a TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate
when the system is not operating properly.
The TPMS malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire pressure telltale.
When the system detects a malfunction,
the telltale will flash for approximately one
minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue
upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long
as the malfunction exists. When the
malfunction indicator is illuminated, the
system may not be able to detect or signal
low tire pressure as intended. TPMS
malfunctions may occur for a variety of
reasons, including the installation of replacement or alternate tires or wheels on
the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. Always check the
TPMS malfunction telltale after replacing
one or more tires or wheels on your
vehicle to ensure that the replacement or
alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS
to continue to function properly.
Should the warning light illuminate steadily after blinking for approximately one
minute, have the system inspected by
your nearest SUBARU dealer as soon as
possible.
WARNING
If this light does not illuminate
briefly after the ignition switch is
turned ON or the light illuminates
steadily after blinking for approximately one minute, you should have
your Tire Pressure Monitoring System checked at a SUBARU dealer as
soon as possible.
If this light illuminates while driving,
never brake suddenly and keep
driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly
pull off the road to a safe place.
Otherwise an accident involving
serious vehicle damage and serious
personal injury could occur.
If this light still illuminates while
driving after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire may have significant
damage and a fast leak that causes
the tire to lose air rapidly. If you have
Instruments and controls 3-15
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Information Provided by:
3-16 Instruments and controls
a flat tire, replace it with a spare tire
as soon as possible.
When a spare tire is mounted or a
wheel rim is replaced without the
original pressure sensor/transmitter
being transferred, the Low tire pressure warning light will illuminate
steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. This indicates
the TPMS is unable to monitor all
four road wheels. Contact your
SUBARU dealer as soon as possible
for tire and sensor replacement and/
or system resetting. If the light
illuminates steadily after blinking
for approximately one minute,
promptly contact a SUBARU dealer
to have the system inspected.
CAUTION
The tire pressure monitoring system
is NOT a substitute for manually
checking tire pressure. The tire
pressure should be checked periodically (at least monthly) using a
tire gauge. After any change to tire
pressure(s), the tire pressure monitoring system will not re-check tire
inflation pressures until the vehicle
is first driven more than 20 mph (32
km/h). After adjusting the tire pressures, increase the vehicle speed to
at least 20 mph (32 km/h) to start the
TPMS re-checking of the tire inflation pressures. If the tire pressures
are now above the severe low
pressure threshold, the low tire
pressure warning light should turn
off a few minutes later. Therefore, be
sure to install the specified size for
the front and rear tires.
& ABS warning light
The ABS warning light illuminates when
the ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position and turns off after approximately 2
seconds.
This is an indication that the ABS system
is working properly.
CAUTION
If the warning light behaves as
follows, the ABS system may not
work properly.
When the warning light is on, the
ABS function shuts down; however,
the conventional brake system continues to operate normally.
. The warning light does not illuminate when the ignition switch
is turned to the “ON” position.
. The warning light illuminates
when the ignition switch is
turned to the “ON” position, but
it does not turn off even when the
vehicle speed exceeds approximately 8 mph (12 km/h).
. The warning light illuminates during driving.
If any of these conditions occur,
have the ABS system repaired at
the first available opportunity by
your SUBARU dealer.
With a vehicle equipped with an EBD
system, the ABS warning light illuminates
together with the brake system warning
light if the EBD system becomes faulty.
For further details of the EBD system fault
warning, refer to “Brake system warning
light” F3-17.
NOTE
If the warning light behavior is as
described in the following, the ABS
system may be considered normal.
. The warning light illuminates right
after the engine is started but turns off
immediately, remaining off.
. The warning light remains on after
the engine has been started, but it
turns off when the vehicle speed
reaches approximately 8 mph (12
Information Provided by:
km/h).
. The warning light illuminates during
driving, but it turns off immediately and
remains off.
When driving with an insufficient battery
voltage such as when the engine is jump
started, the ABS warning light may illuminate. This is due to the low battery voltage
and does not indicate a malfunction.
When the battery becomes fully charged,
the light will turn off.
& Brake system warning
light
WARNING
. Driving with the brake system
warning light on is dangerous.
This indicates your brake system
may not be working properly. If
the light remains on, have the
brakes inspected by a SUBARU
dealer immediately.
. If at all in doubt about whether
the brakes are operating properly, do not drive the vehicle.
Have your vehicle towed to the
nearest SUBARU dealer for repair.
This light has the following three functions.
! Parking brake warning
The light illuminates with the parking
brake applied while the ignition switch is
in the “ON” position. It turns off when the
parking brake is fully released.
! Brake fluid level warning
This light illuminates when the brake fluid
level has dropped to near the “MIN” level
of the brake fluid reservoir with the ignition
switch in the “ON” position and with the
parking brake fully released.
If the brake system warning light should
illuminate while driving (with the parking
brake fully released and with the ignition
switch positioned in “ON”), it could be an
indication of leaking of brake fluid or worn
brake pads. If this occurs, immediately
stop the vehicle at the nearest safe place
and check the brake fluid level. If the fluid
level is below the “MIN” mark in the
reservoir, do not drive the vehicle. Have
the vehicle towed to the nearest SUBARU
dealer for repair.
! Electronic Brake Force Distribution
(EBD) system warning
The brake system warning light also
illuminates if a malfunction occurs in the
EBD system. In that event, it illuminates
together with the ABS warning light.
The EBD system may be malfunctioning if
the brake system warning light and ABS
warning light illuminate simultaneously
during driving.
Even if the EBD system fails, the conventional braking system will still function.
However, the rear wheels will be more
prone to locking when the brakes are
applied harder than usual and the vehicle’s motion may therefore become somewhat harder to control.
If the brake system warning light and ABS
warning light illuminate simultaneously,
take the following steps.
1. Stop the vehicle in the nearest safe,
flat place.
2. Shut down the engine, apply the
parking brake and then restart it.
3. Release the parking brake. If both
warning lights turn off, the EBD system
may be faulty. Drive carefully to the
nearest SUBARU dealer and have the
system inspected.
4. If both warning lights illuminate again
and stay illuminated after the engine has
been restarted, shut down the engine
again, apply the parking brake, and check
the brake fluid level.
5. If the brake fluid level is not below the
“MIN” mark, the EBD system may be
faulty. Drive carefully to the nearest
SUBARU dealer and have the system
inspected.
Instruments and controls 3-17
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Information Provided by:
3-18 Instruments and controls
6. If the brake fluid level is below the
“MIN” mark, DO NOT drive the vehicle.
Instead, have the vehicle towed to the
nearest SUBARU dealer for repair.
& Low fuel warning light
The low fuel warning light illuminates
when the tank is nearly empty approximately 2.6 US gal (10.0 liters, or 2.2 Imp
gal). It only operates when the ignition
switch is in the “ON” position. When this
light illuminates, fill the fuel tank immediately.
NOTE
This light does not turn off unless the
tank is replenished up to an internal
fuel quantity of approximately 3.7 US
gal (14 liters, 3.1 Imp gal).
CAUTION
Promptly put fuel in the tank whenever the low fuel warning light
illuminates. Engine misfires as a
result of an empty tank could cause
damage to the engine.
& Hill start assist warning
light (MT models)
When the ignition switch is in the “ON”
position, the Hill start assist warning light
illuminates and turns off after approximately 2 seconds. While the engine is
rotating, if there are any malfunctions, the
light will illuminate.
WARNING
When the Hill start assist system
light illuminates, have the vehicle
inspected at an authorized SUBARU
dealer.
& Door open warning
light
The door open warning light illuminates if
any door or the rear gate is not fully
closed.
Always make sure this light is out before
you start to drive.
& All-Wheel Drive warning light (AT models)
The All-Wheel Drive warning light illuminates when the ignition switch is turned to
the “ON” position and turns off after the
engine has started.
This light illuminates when All-Wheel
Drive is disengaged and the drive mechanism is switched to Front Wheel Drive
for maintenance or similar purposes.
It flashes if the vehicle is driven with tires
of differing diameters fitted on the wheels
or with an excessively low air pressure in
any of the tires.
CAUTION
Continuing to drive with the AWD
warning light flashing can damage
the powertrain. If the AWD warning
light starts to flash, promptly park in
a safe place and check whether the
tires have differing diameters and
whether any of the tires has an
excessively low inflation pressure.
& Automatic headlight
beam leveler warning
light (models with HID
headlights)
The automatic headlight beam leveler
warning light illuminates when the ignition
switch is turned to the “ON” position and
turns off after approximately 3 seconds.
This light illuminates when the automatic
headlight beam leveler does not operate
Information Provided by:
normally.
If this light illuminates while driving or does
not turn off approximately 3 seconds after
turning the ignition switch to the “ON”
position, have your vehicle inspected at
your SUBARU dealer.
& Vehicle Dynamics
Control operation indicator light
This light illuminates when the ignition
switch is ON and turns off approximately 2
seconds later.
It blinks when the skid suppression function is activated. It illuminates when only
the traction control function is operating.
The Vehicle Dynamics Control system is
probably malfunctioning under any of the
following conditions. Have your vehicle
checked at a SUBARU dealer immediately.
. The light does not illuminate when the
ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position.
. The light does not turn off even after a
period of approximately 2 seconds after
the ignition switch has been turned to the
“ON” position.
& Vehicle Dynamics
Control warning light/
Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF indicator light
This warning light has both the function of
indicating malfunctions in the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system and the function
of indicating that the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system has been deactivated.
It illuminates in the event of a malfunction
in the system and is on when the system
is not operating.
This warning light illuminates when the
ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position and turns off several seconds
after the engine has started. It indicates
that the Vehicle Dynamics Control system
is in normal operation.
! Vehicle Dynamics Control warning
light
The Vehicle Dynamics Control system is
probably inoperative under any of the
following conditions. Have your vehicle
checked at a SUBARU dealer immediately.
. The warning light does not illuminate
when the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position.
. The warning light illuminates while the
vehicle is running.
. If the electrical circuit of the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system itself becomes
faulty, the warning light only illuminates. At
this time, the ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) remains fully operational.
. The warning light illuminates when the
electronic control system of the ABS/
Vehicle Dynamics Control system malfunctions.
The Vehicle Dynamics Control system
provides its ABS control through the
electrical circuit of the ABS system.
Accordingly, if the ABS is inoperative, the
Vehicle Dynamics Control system becomes unable to provide ABS control. As
a result, the Vehicle Dynamics Control
system also becomes inoperative, causing the warning light to illuminate. Though
both the Vehicle Dynamics Control and
ABS systems are inoperative in this case,
the ordinary functions of the brake system
are still available. You will be safe while
driving with this condition, but have your
vehicle checked at a SUBARU dealer as
soon as possible.
NOTE
If the warning light behavior is as
described below, the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system may be considered
normal.
. The warning light illuminates right
Instruments and controls 3-19
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Information Provided by:
3-20 Instruments and controls
after the engine is started but turns off
immediately, remaining off.
. The warning light illuminates after
engine startup and turns off while the
vehicle is subsequently being driven.
. The warning light illuminates during
driving, but it turns off immediately and
remains off.
! Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF indicator light
. It illuminates when the Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF switch is pressed.
. It also illuminates when the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system is deactivated.
NOTE
. The light may remain on for a while
after the engine has been started,
especially in cold weather. This does
not indicate the existence of a problem.
The light should turn off as soon as the
engine has warmed up.
. The indicator light illuminates when
the engine has developed a problem
and the CHECK ENGINE warning light/
malfunction indicator lamp is on.
The Vehicle Dynamics Control system is
probably faulty under the following condition. Have your vehicle checked at a
SUBARU dealer as soon as possible.
. The light does not turn off even after
the lapse of several minutes (the engine
has warmed up) after the engine has
started.
& Security indicator light
The security indicator light deters potential
thieves by indicating that the vehicle is
equipped with an immobilizer system. It
begins flashing (approximately once every
3 seconds) approximately 60 seconds
after the ignition switch is turned from the
“ON” position to the “Acc” or “LOCK”
position or immediately after the key is
pulled out.
If the security indicator light does not flash,
the immobilizer system may not be functioning properly. If this occurs, contact
your SUBARU dealer as soon as possible.
In case an unauthorized key is used (e.g.,
an imitation key), the security indicator
light illuminates.
NOTE
Even if the security indicator light
flashes irregularly or its fuse blows
(the light does not flash if its fuse is
blown), the immobilizer system will
function normally.
& SPORT mode indicator
light (AT models)
This light illuminates when the ignition
switch is turned to the “ON” position and
turns off after the engine has started.
When the selector lever is moved to the
manual gate, the SPORT mode is selected and the indicator light illuminates.
Refer to “SPORT mode” F7-21.
Information Provided by:
& Selector lever and gear position indicator (AT models)
This indicator shows the position of the
selector lever.
When the manual mode is selected, the
gear position indicator (which shows the
current gear selection) and the upshift/
downshift indicator light up. Refer to
“Automatic transmission” F7-16.
& Turn signal indicator
lights
These lights show the operation of the turn
signal or lane change signal.
If the indicator lights do not blink or blink
rapidly, the turn signal bulb may be burned
out. Replace the bulb as soon as possible.
Refer to “Replacing bulbs” F11-47.
& High beam indicator
light
This light shows that the headlights are in
the high beam mode.
This indicator light also illuminates when
the headlight flasher is operated.
& Cruise control indicator light
The cruise control indicator light illuminates when the ignition switch is turned to
the “ON” position and turns off after
approximately 3 seconds.
This light illuminates when the “CRUISE”
main switch is pressed.
If you press the main switch button while
turning the ignition switch “ON”, the cruise
control function is deactivated and the
“CRUISE” indicator light flashes. To reactivate the cruise control function, turn
the ignition switch back to the “Acc” or
“LOCK” position, and then turn it again to
the “ON” position.
& Cruise control set indicator light
The cruise control set indicator light
illuminates when the ignition switch is
turned to the “ON” position and turns off
after approximately 3 seconds.
This light illuminates when vehicle speed
has been set.
& Front fog light indicator
light (if equipped)
This indicator light is on while the front fog
lights are on.
& Headlight indicator
light
This indicator light illuminates when the
headlight switch is placed in the “ ” or
“ ” position.
Instruments and controls 3-21
Information Provided by:
3-22 Instruments and controls
Clock
The clock shows the time while the
ignition switch is in the “Acc” or “ON”
position.
The time changes by 1 minute each time
the “+” button or “−” button is pressed.
Pressing the “+” button moves the displayed time forward, while pressing the “−”
button moves the displayed time back.
Pressing and holding either button
changes the displayed time continuously.
CAUTION
To ensure safety, do not attempt to
set the time while driving, as an
accident from inadequate attention
to the road could result.
NOTE
If the battery is disconnected, the time
will be erased. After reconnecting the
battery, set the correct time.
Information display
1) Outside temperature indicator
2) Fuel consumption indicator
With the ignition switch in the “ON”
position, the outside temperature and fuel
consumption are indicated on the display.
Information Provided by:
The fuel consumption display is linked
with the odometer/trip meter display according to the following chart.
Odometer/Trip
meter Fuel consumption indicator
A trip meter Average fuel consumption
corresponding to the A trip
meter
B trip meter
Average fuel consumption
corresponding to the B trip
meter
Odometer U.S-spec. models:
Not indicated
Other models:
Current fuel consumption
& Outside temperature indicator
1) U.S.-spec. models
2) Except U.S.-spec. models
The outside temperature indicator shows
the outside temperature in a range from
−22 to 1228F (−30 to 508C).
The indicator can give a false reading
under any of the following conditions:
. When there is too much sun.
. During idling; while running at low
speeds in a traffic jam; when the engine
is restarted immediately following a shutdown.
. When the actual outside temperature
falls outside the specified indicator range.
! Road surface freeze warning indication
1) U.S.-spec. models
2) Except U.S.-spec. models
When the outside temperature drops to
378F (38C) or lower, the temperature
indication flashes to show that the road
surface may be frozen.
If the outside temperature drops to 378F
(38C) or lower while the display is giving
an indication other than the outside
temperature, the display switches to the
outside temperature indication and flashes
for 5 seconds before returning to its
original indication.
If the display is already indicating an
outside temperature of 378F (38C) or lower
when the ignition switch is turned to the
Instruments and controls 3-23
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-24 Instruments and controls
“ON” position, the indication does not
flash.
NOTE
The outside temperature indication
may differ from the actual outside
temperature. The road surface freeze
warning indication should be treated
only as a guide. Be sure to check the
condition of the road surface before
driving.
& Current fuel consumption (if
equipped)
1) U.S.-spec. models
2) Except U.S.-spec. models
This indication shows the rate of fuel
consumption at the present moment.
& Average fuel consumption
1) U.S.-spec. models
2) Except U.S.-spec. models
This indication shows the average rate of
fuel consumption since the trip meter was
last reset.
When either of the trip meter indications is
reset, the corresponding average fuel
consumption value is also reset.
NOTE
. The indicated values vary in accordance with changes in the vehicle’s
running conditions. Also, the indicated
values may differ slightly from the
actual values and should thus be
treated only as a guide.
. When either trip meter indication is
reset, the average fuel consumption
corresponding to that trip meter indication is not shown until the vehicle has
subsequently covered a distance of 1
mile (or 1 km).
& To turn off fuel consumption
indicator display
The fuel consumption indicator display
can be turned off.
To turn off this display, turn the ignition
switch to the “LOCK” position and press
the “+” button adjacent to the information
display for approximately 5 seconds.
Then, the information display and the
clock display will blink for 3 seconds to
notify you that the fuel consumption display has been turned off.
To restore the indicator, once again press
the “+” button for approximately 5 seconds.
NOTE
. The initial display setting of the fuel
consumption indicator of your vehicle
has been set to operational at the time
of shipment from the factory.
. The average fuel consumption is
calculated even while the indicator is
not displayed.
. Even if you turn off the fuel consumption indicator, the fuel consumpInformation Provided by:
tion indicator will automatically turn on
when the battery voltage is disconnected and then reconnected for battery replacement or fuse replacement.
Light control switch
The light control switch only operates
when the ignition key is inserted into the
ignition switch.
Regardless of the position of the light
control switch, the illuminated lights are
turned off when the ignition key is
removed from the ignition switch.
NOTE
. Even if the ignition key is removed
from the ignition switch, the lights can
be illuminated by operating the light
control switch position from “OFF” to
“ ” and/or “ ”.
. If the driver’s door is opened while
the lights are illuminated and the ignition key is removed from the ignition
switch, the chirp sound informs the
driver that the lights are illuminated.
CAUTION
. Use of any lights for a long period
of time while the engine is not
running can cause the battery to
discharge.
. Before leaving the vehicle, make
sure that the light control switch
is turned to the “OFF” position. If
the vehicle is left unattended for
a long time with the light control
switch set to a position other
than “OFF”, the battery may be
discharged.
Instruments and controls 3-25
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-26 Instruments and controls
& Headlights
To turn on the headlights, turn the knob on
the end of the turn signal lever.
first position
Instrument panel illumination, tail lights,
front side marker lights and license plate
lights are on.
second position
Headlights, instrument panel illumination,
tail lights, front side marker lights, and
license plate lights are on.
& High/low beam change (dimmer)
To change from low beam to high beam,
push the turn signal lever forward. When
the headlights are on high beam, the high
beam indicator light “ ” on the combination meter is also on.
To switch back to low beam, pull the lever
back to the detent position.
& Headlight flasher
To flash the headlights, pull the lever
toward you and then release it. The high
beam will remain on for as long as you
hold the lever. The headlight flasher works
even though the light switch is in the
“OFF” position.
When the headlights are on high beam,
the high beam indicator light “ ” on the
combination meter also illuminates.
CAUTION
Do not hold the lever in the flashing
position for more than just a few
seconds.
Information Provided by:
& Daytime running light system
(if equipped)
WARNING
The brightness of the illumination of
the high beam headlights is reduced
by the daytime running light system.
The light switch must always be
turned to the “ ” position when it
is dark outside.
The high beam headlights will automatically illuminate at reduced brightness
when the engine has started, under the
following conditions:
. The selector lever is in a position other
than the “P” position (AT models).
. The parking brake is fully released.
. The light switch is in the “OFF” or “ ”
position.
NOTE
When the light switch is in the “ ”
position, the front side marker lights,
tail lights and license plate lights are
also illuminated.
& Automatic headlight beam
leveler (models with HID
headlights)
The HID headlights generate more light
than conventional halogen headlights.
Therefore a driver of an oncoming vehicle
may experience too much glare when your
headlight beam height adjustment is high
due to the vehicle carrying heavy load.
The automatic headlight beam leveler
adjusts the headlight beam height automatically and optimally according to the
load being carried by the vehicle.
Turn signal lever
To activate the right turn signal, push the
turn signal lever up. To activate the left
turn signal, push the turn signal lever
down. When the turn is finished, the lever
will return automatically. If the lever does
not return after cornering, return the lever
to the neutral position by hand.
To signal a lane change, push the turn
signal lever up or down slightly and hold it
during the lane change. The turn signal
indicator lights will flash in the direction of
the turn or lane change. The lever will
return automatically to the neutral position
when you release it.
Instruments and controls 3-27
Information Provided by:
3-28 Instruments and controls
Illumination brightness control
The brightness of clock display, audio, air
conditioner, information display and instrument panel illumination dims when the
light switch is in the “ ” or “ ”
positions. You can adjust brightness of
the instrument panel illumination for better
visibility.
To brighten, turn the control dial upward.
To darken, turn the control dial downward.
NOTE
When the control dial is turned fully
upward, the illumination brightness
becomes the maximum and the automatic dimming function does not work
at all. Front fog light switch (if
equipped)
The front fog lights operate only when the
low beam headlights are illuminated.
However, the front fog lights turn off when
the headlights are switched to high beam.
To turn on the front fog lights, turn the front
fog light switch on the turn signal lever
upward to the “ ” position. To turn off the
front fog lights, turn the switch back down
to the “OFF” position.
Information Provided by:
The indicator light located on the combination meter will illuminate when the front
fog lights are on.
Wiper and washer
WARNING
In freezing weather, do not use the
windshield washer until the windshield is sufficiently warmed by the
defroster.
Otherwise the washer fluid can
freeze on the windshield, blocking
your view.
CAUTION
. Do not operate the washer continuously for more than 10 seconds, or when the washer fluid
tank is empty. This may cause
overheating of the washer motor.
Check the washer fluid level
frequently, such as at fuel stops.
. Do not operate the wipers when
the windshield or rear window is
dry. This may scratch the glass,
damage the wiper blades and
cause the wiper motor to burn
out. Before operating the wiper
on a dry windshield or rear
window, always use the windshield washer.
. In freezing weather, be sure that
the wiper blades are not frozen to
the windshield or rear window
before switching on the wipers.
Attempting to operate the wiper
with the blades frozen to the
window glass could cause not
only the wiper blades to be
damaged but also the wiper motor to burn out. If the wiper
blades are frozen to the window
glass, be sure to operate the
defroster, windshield wiper deicer (if equipped) or rear window
defogger before turning on the
wiper.
. If the wipers stop during operation because of ice or some other
obstruction on the window, the
wiper motor could burn out even
if the wiper switch is turned off. If
this occurs, promptly stop the
vehicle in a safe place, turn the
ignition switch to the “LOCK”
position and clean the window
glass to allow proper wiper operation.
. Use clean water if windshield
washer fluid is unavailable. In
areas where water freezes in
winter, use SUBARU Windshield
Washer Fluid or the equivalent.
Instruments and controls 3-29
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-30 Instruments and controls
Refer to “Windshield washer
fluid” F11-39.
Also, when driving the vehicle
when there are freezing temperatures, use non-freezing type wiper blades.
. Do not clean the wiper blades
with gasoline or a solvent, such
as paint thinner or benzine. This
will cause deterioration of the
wiper blades.
NOTE
. The wiper operates only when the
ignition switch is in the “ON” or “Acc”
position.
. The front wiper motor is protected
against overloads by a circuit breaker.
If the motor operates continuously
under an unusually heavy load, the
circuit breaker may trip to stop the
motor temporarily. If this happens, park
your vehicle in a safe place, turn off the
wiper switch, and wait for approximately 10 minutes. The circuit breaker
will reset itself, and the wipers will
again operate normally.
. Clean your wiper blades and window glass periodically with a washer
solution to prevent streaking, and to
remove accumulations of road salt or
road film. Keep the washer button
depressed at least for 1 second so that
washer solution will be sprinkled all
over the windshield or rear window.
. Grease, wax, insects or other material on the windshield or the wiper
blade results in jerky wiper operation
and streaking on the glass. If you
cannot remove those streaks after
operating the washer or if the wiper
operation is jerky, clean the outer surface of the windshield or rear window
and the wiper blades using a sponge or
soft cloth with a neutral detergent or
mild-abrasive cleaner. After cleaning,
rinse the window glass and wiper
blades with clean water. The glass is
clean if no beads form on the glass
when you rinse with water.
. If you cannot eliminate the streaking
even after following this procedure,
replace the wiper blades with new
ones. For replacement instructions,
refer to “Replacement of wiper blades”
F11-40.
& Windshield wiper and washer
switches
The wiper operates only when the ignition
switch is in the “ON” or “Acc” position.
! Windshield wipers
OFF: Off
: Intermittent
LO: Low speed
HI: High speed
To turn the wipers on, push the wiper
control lever down.
To turn the wipers off, return the lever to
the “OFF” position.
Information Provided by:
! Wiper intermittent time control
When the wiper switch is in the “ ”
position, turn the dial to adjust the operating interval of the wiper.
The operating interval can be adjusted
continuously from the shortest interval to
the longest.
The operating interval can be adjusted in
nine steps.
! Mist (for a single wipe)
For a single wipe of the wipers, pull the
lever toward you. The wipers operate until
you release the lever.
! Washer
To wash the windshield, push the washer
button at the end of the wiper control lever.
The washer fluid sprays until you release
the washer button. The wipers operate
while you push the button.
Instruments and controls 3-31
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-32 Instruments and controls
& Rear window wiper and
washer switch
: Washer (accompanied by wiper operation)
ON: Continuous
INT: Intermittent
OFF: Off
: Washer
! Rear wiper
To turn the rear wiper on, turn the knob on
the end of the wiper control lever upward
to the “INT” or “ON” position.
To turn the wiper off, return the knob on
the end of the lever to the “OFF” position.
With the switch turned to the “INT”
position, the rear wiper will operate intermittently at intervals corresponding to the
vehicle speed (longer when the vehicle
speed is low; shorter when the vehicle
speed is high).
When the transmission is shifted into
reverse, the rear wiper will switch to
continuous operation. When the transmission is shifted to a position other than
reverse, the rear wiper will return to
intermittent operation.
! Washer
To wash the rear window while the rear
wiper is operating, turn the knob clockwise
to the “ ” position. The washer fluid
sprays until you release the knob.
To wash the rear window when the rear
wiper is not in use, turn the knob counterclockwise to the “ ” position. The washer
fluid sprays, and 2 seconds later the rear
wiper operates. Releasing the knob stops
the washer fluid spray, and 3 seconds
later the rear wiper stops.
Mirrors
Always check that the inside and outside
mirrors are properly adjusted before you
start driving.
& Inside mirror
The inside mirror has a day and night
position. Pull the tab at the bottom of the
mirror toward you for the night position.
Push it away for the day position. The
night position reduces glare from headlights.
Information Provided by:
! Auto-dimming mirror/compass (if
equipped)
1) Left button
2) Auto dimming indicator
3) Photosensor
4) Right button
The auto-dimming mirror has an anti-glare
feature which automatically reduces glare
coming from headlights of vehicles behind
you. It also contains a built-in compass.
. By pressing and releasing the left
button, the automatic dimming function is
toggled on or off. When the automatic
dimming function is on, the auto dimming
indicator light (green) located to the right
of the button will illuminate.
. By pressing and releasing the right
button, the compass display is toggled on
or off. When the compass is on, an
illuminated compass reading will appear
in the lower part of the mirror.
Even with the mirror in anti-glare mode,
the mirror surface turns bright if the
transmission is shifted into reverse. This
is to ensure good rearward visibility during
reversing.
! Photosensors
The mirror has a photosensor attached on
both the front and back sides. If the glare
from the headlights of vehicles behind you
strikes the mirror, these sensors detect it
and make the reflection surface of the
mirror dimmer to help prevent you from
being blinded. For this reason, use care
not to cover the sensors with stickers, or
other similar items. Periodically wipe the
sensors clean using a piece of dry soft
cotton cloth or an applicator.
! Compass calibration
1. For optimum calibration, switch off all
nonessential electrical accessories (rear
window defogger, heater/air conditioning
system, spotlight, etc.) and ensure all
doors are shut.
2. Drive to an open, level area away from
large metallic objects or structures and
make certain the ignition switch is in the
“ON” position.
3. Press and hold the left button for 3
seconds then release, and the compass
will enter the calibration mode. “CAL” and
direction will be displayed.
4. Drive slowly in a circle until “CAL”
disappears from the display (approximately two or three circles). The compass
is now calibrated.
5. Further calibration may be necessary
should outside influences cause the mirror
to read inaccurately. You will know that
this has occurred if your compass begins
to read in only limited directions. Should
you encounter this situation, return to step
one of the above procedure and recalibrate the mirror.
Instruments and controls 3-33
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-34 Instruments and controls
! Compass zone adjustment
Compass calibration zones
1. The zone setting is factory preset to
Zone 8. Refer to the “Compass calibration
zone” map shown above or one attached
to the end of this manual to verify that the
compass zone setting is correct for your
geographical location.
2. Press and hold the right button for 3
seconds then release, and the word
“ZONE” will briefly appear and then the
zone number will be displayed.
3. Press the right-hand button repeatedly
to cycle the display through all possible
zone settings. Stop cycling when the
correct zone setting for your location is
displayed.
4. Releasing the button for 3 seconds will
exit the zone setting mode.
& Outside mirrors
! Remote control mirror switch
1) Selection switch
2) Direction control switch
The remote control mirrors operate only
when the ignition switch is in the “ON” or
“Acc” position.
1. Press either end of the selection
switch, “L” for the left, “R” for the right.
2. Move the direction control switch in the
direction you want to move the mirror.
3. Return the selection switch to the
neutral position to prevent unintentional
operation.
The mirrors can also be adjusted manually.
Information Provided by:
! Power folding mirror switch (if
equipped)
The power folding mirror switch operates
only when the ignition switch is in the “ON”
or “Acc” position.
To fold the outside mirrors, push the power
folding mirror switch. To unfold the mirrors,
push the switch again.
NOTE
. When the temperature is low, the
outside mirrors may stop during operation. Push the switch again. When the
outside mirrors do not work by switch
operation, move them several times by
manually. This makes it possible to
operate them by switch operation.
. When you operate the power folding
mirror switch continuously, it may not
work. This is not a malfunction. Operate after waiting for a short period of
time.
. When you unfold the outside mirrors
manually, the mirrors may become
wobbly. Be sure to unfold the mirrors
by switch operation. If the outside
mirrors are still wobbly, fold the mirrors
again and then unfold them by switch
operation.
Defogger and deicer
1) Rear window defogger
2) Outside mirror defogger (if equipped)
3) Windshield wiper deicer (if equipped)
The vehicle is equipped with a rear
Instruments and controls 3-35
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
3-36 Instruments and controls
window defogger. For some models, the
outside mirror defogger and/or windshield
wiper deicer are/is also equipped. The
defogger and deicer system is activated
only when the ignition switch is in the “ON”
position.
Manual climate control system
Automatic climate control system
To activate the defogger and deicer
system, push the control switch that is
located on the climate control panel. The
rear window defogger, outside mirror
defogger and windshield wiper deicer are
activated simultaneously. The indicator
light on the control switch illuminates while
the defogger and deicer system is activated.
To turn them off, push the control switch
again. They also turn off when the ignition
switch is turned to the “Acc” or “LOCK”
position.
The defogger and deicer system will
automatically shut off after approximately
15 minutes. If the rear window and the
outside mirrors have been cleared and the
windshield wiper blades have been deiced
completely before that time, push the
control switch to turn them off. If defrosting, defogging or deicing is not complete,
you have to push the control switch to turn
them on again.
For models with the automatic climate
control system, it is possible to set the
defogger and deicer system for the continuous operation mode as follows.
. Models with genuine SUBARU navigation system:
The defogger and deicer system setting
can be changed for continuous operation
using the navigation monitor. For details,
refer to the Owner’s Manual supplement
for the navigation system.
The setting can also be changed by a
SUBARU dealer. Contact your SUBARU
dealer for details.
. Models without genuine SUBARU
navigation system:
The setting can be changed by a
SUBARU dealer. Contact your SUBARU
dealer for details.
If the battery voltage drops below the
permissible level, continuous operation of
the defogger and deicer system is canceled and the system stops operating.
Information Provided by:
CAUTION
. To prevent the battery from being
discharged, do not operate the
defogger and deicer system continuously for any longer than
necessary.
. Do not use sharp instruments or
window cleaner containing abrasives to clean the inner surface
of the rear window. They may
damage the conductors printed
on the window.
NOTE
. Turn on the defogger and deicer
system if the wipers are frozen to the
windshield.
. If the windshield is covered with
snow, remove the snow so that the
windshield wiper deicer works effectively.
. While the defogger and deicer system is in the continuous operation
mode, if the vehicle speed remains at
9 mph (15 km/h) or less for 15 minutes,
the windshield wiper deicer automatically stops operating, though the rear
window defogger and outside mirror
defogger maintain continuous operation in this condition.
Tilt steering wheel (if
equipped)
WARNING
. Do not adjust the steering wheel
tilt position while driving. This
may cause loss of vehicle control
and result in personal injury.
. If the lever cannot be raised to
the fixed position, adjust the
steering wheel again. It is dangerous to drive without locking
the steering wheel. This may
cause loss of vehicle control
and result in personal injury.
1. Adjust the seat position. Refer to
“Front seats” F1-2.
2. Pull the tilt lock lever down.
3. Move the steering wheel to the desired
level.
4. Pull the lever up to lock the steering
wheel in place.
5. Make sure that the steering wheel is
securely locked by moving it up and down.
Instruments and controls 3-37
Information Provided by:
3-38 Instruments and controls
Tilt/telescopic steering wheel
(if equipped)
WARNING
. Do not adjust the steering wheel
tilt/telescopic position while driving. This may cause loss of
vehicle control and result in
personal injury.
. If the lever cannot be raised to
the fixed position, adjust the
steering wheel again. It is dangerous to drive without locking
the steering wheel. This may
cause loss of vehicle control
and result in personal injury.
1. Adjust the seat position. Refer to
“Front seats” F1-2.
2. Pull the tilt/telescopic lock lever down.
3. Move the steering wheel to the desired
level.
4. Pull the lever up to lock the steering
wheel in place.
5. Make sure that the steering wheel is
securely locked by moving it up and down,
and forward and backward.
Horn
To sound the horn, push the horn pad.
Information Provided by:
Ventilator.............................................................. 4-2
Air flow selection ................................................ 4-2
Center and side ventilators.................................. 4-3
Manual climate control system
(if equipped) ..................................................... 4-3
Control panel ...................................................... 4-3
Heater operation ................................................. 4-5
Air conditioner operation..................................... 4-7
Automatic climate control system
(if equipped) ..................................................... 4-8
Control panel ...................................................... 4-8
To use as full-automatic climate control
system.............................................................. 4-8
To use as semi-automatic climate control
system.............................................................. 4-8
Fan speed control dial......................................... 4-9
Temperature control dial...................................... 4-9
Air flow control dial ............................................. 4-9
Air inlet selection button .................................... 4-10
Air conditioner button........................................ 4-10
Temperature sensors ......................................... 4-11
Operating tips for heater and air
conditioner ...................................................... 4-12
Cleaning ventilation grille................................... 4-12
Efficient cooling after parking in direct
sunlight ........................................................... 4-12
Lubrication oil circulation in the refrigerant
circuit............................................................. 4-12
Checking air conditioning system before summer
season ............................................................ 4-12
Cooling and dehumidifying in high humidity and
low temperature weather conditions ................. 4-12
Air conditioner compressor shut-off when engine
is heavily loaded.............................................. 4-12
Refrigerant for your climate control system ........ 4-12
Air filtration system........................................... 4-13
Replacing an air filter......................................... 4-13
Climate control
4
Information Provided by:
4-2 Climate control
Ventilator
& Air flow selection
Information Provided by:
& Center and side ventilators
! Center ventilators
Move the tab up and down or right and left
to adjust the flow direction.
! Side ventilators
1) Open
2) Close
3) Thumb-wheel
Move the tab up and down or right and left
to adjust the flow direction.
To open or close the ventilator, turn the
thumb-wheel up or down.
Manual climate control system (if equipped)
& Control panel
1) Temperature control dial
2) Fan speed control dial
3) Air flow control dial
4) Control switch of the defogger and deicer
system (Refer to “Defogger and deicer”
F3-35.)
5) Air conditioner button
6) Air inlet selection button
! Temperature control dial
This dial regulates the temperature of air
flow from the air outlets over a range from
the blue side (cool) to red side (warm).
Climate control 4-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
4-4 Climate control
! Fan speed control dial
The fan operates only when the ignition
switch is turned to the “ON” position. The
fan speed control dial is used to select
four fan speeds.
! Air flow control dial
This dial has the following five positions:
: Air flows through the instrument panel
outlets.
: Air flows through the instrument panel
outlets and the foot outlets.
: Air flows through the foot outlets and
some through the windshield defroster
outlets.
: Air flows through the windshield
defroster outlets and foot outlets.
: Air flows through the windshield
defroster outlets.
NOTE
When the dial is placed in the “ ” or
“ ” position, the air conditioner compressor operates automatically regardless of the position of the air conditioner button to defog the windshield
quickly. However the indicator on the
air conditioner button will not illuminate. At the same time, the air inlet
selection is automatically set to “outside air” mode.
In this state, you cannot select “recirculation” mode by manually pressing
the air inlet selection button.
Also, you cannot stop the air conditioner compressor by pressing the air
conditioner button.
! Air conditioner button
The air conditioner operates only when
the engine is running.
Push the air conditioner button while the
fan is in operation to turn on the air
conditioner. The indicator light will illuminate.
Push it again to turn off the air conditioner.
! Air inlet selection button
ON position (Recirculation): Interior air
is recirculated inside the vehicle. Push the
air inlet selection button to the ON position. The indicator light will illuminate.
Place the air inlet selection button to the
ON position for fast cooling with the air
conditioner or when driving on a dusty
road.
OFF position (Outside air): Outside air is
drawn into the passenger compartment.
Push the air inlet selection button again to
the OFF position. The indicator light will
turn off.
Place the air inlet selection button to the
OFF position when the interior has cooled
to a comfortable temperature and the road
is no longer dusty.
Information Provided by:
WARNING
Continued operation with the air
inlet selection button in the ON
position may fog up the windows.
Switch to the OFF position as soon
as the outside dusty condition
clears.
& Heater operation
! Defrosting or defogging the windshield
To direct warm air to the windshield and
front door windows:
1. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
2. Turn the temperature control dial all
the way to the right.
3. Set the fan speed control dial to the
highest speed.
If your vehicle is equipped with an air
conditioner, when the “ ” or “ ” position
is selected, the air conditioner compressor
automatically operates regardless of the
position of the air conditioner button to
defog the windshield quickly.
However, the air conditioner indicator light
does not illuminate at this time.
NOTE
Warm air also comes out from the right
and left air outlets. To stop warm air
flow from these outlets, turn the corresponding thumb-wheel down.
! Heating and defrosting
To direct warm air toward the floor and the
windshield:
1. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
2. Set the temperature control dial to the
most comfortable level.
3. Set the fan speed control dial to the
desired speed.
If your vehicle is equipped with an air
conditioner, when the “ ” or “ ” position
is selected, the air conditioner compressor
automatically operates regardless of the
position of the air conditioner button to
defog the windshield quickly.
However, the air conditioner indicator light
does not illuminate at this time.
Climate control 4-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
4-6 Climate control
NOTE
Warm air also comes out from the right
and left air outlets. To stop warm air
flow from these outlets, turn the corresponding thumb-wheel down.
! Heating
To direct warm air toward the floor:
1. Set the air inlet selection button to the
OFF position.
2. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
3. Set the temperature control dial to the
most comfortable level.
4. Set the fan speed control dial to the
desired speed.
NOTE
Warm air also comes out from the right
and left air outlets. To stop warm air
flow from these outlets, turn the corresponding thumb-wheel down.
! Bi-level heating
This setting allows you to direct air of
different temperatures from the instrument
panel and foot outlets. The air from the
foot outlets is slightly warmer than from
the instrument panel outlets.
1. Set the air inlet selection button to the
OFF position.
2. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
3. Set the temperature control dial to the
desired temperature level.
4. Set the fan speed control dial to the
desired speed.
Setting the temperature control dial fully
turned to the red area or blue area
decreases the temperature difference
between the air from the instrument panel
outlets and the air from the foot outlets.
! Ventilation
To force outside air through the instrument
panel outlets:
1. Set the air inlet selection button to the
OFF position.
2. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
3. Set the temperature control dial all the
way left.
4. Set the fan speed control dial to the
desired speed.
Information Provided by:
When driving on a dusty road, set the air
inlet selection button to the “ON” position.
WARNING
Continued operation with the air
inlet selection button in the ON
position may fog up the windows.
Switch to the OFF position as soon
as the outside dusty condition
clears.
& Air conditioner operation
! Cooling or dehumidifying
1) ON position
For cooling and dehumidification of the
passenger compartment, performing the
following steps will allow air to flow
through the instrument panel outlets:
1. Set the air inlet selection button to the
OFF position.
2. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
3. Set the air conditioner button to the
“ON” position.
4. Set the temperature control dial to the
blue side.
5. Set the fan speed control dial at the
highest speed.
! Defrosting or defogging
To direct warm air to the windshield and
front door windows:
1. Set the air flow control dial to the “ ”
position.
2. Set the temperature control dial to the
red side.
3. Set the fan speed control dial at the
highest speed.
The air conditioner compressor automatically operates when the air flow control
dial set in the “ ” or “ ” position to
provide better defogging performance.
Climate control 4-7
Information Provided by:
4-8 Climate control
Automatic climate control
system (if equipped)
Although this climate control system can
be used as a full-automatic climate control
system, it can also, if desired, be used as
a semi-automatic climate control system.
When it is used as a full-automatic climate
control system, the outlet air temperature,
fan speed, air flow distribution, air inlet
control, and air conditioner compressor
operation are all automatically controlled
to maintain a constant, comfortable temperature inside the vehicle.
NOTE
. Operate the automatic climate control system when the engine is running.
. When the engine coolant is cold, the
blower does not run.
. In the “AUTO” mode, when the air
temperature in the passenger compartment is sufficiently cool, the air conditioner compressor does not operate.
For efficient defogging or dehumidifying in cold weather, press the “A/C”
button to operate the air conditioner
compressor.
. Even when cooling is not necessary,
setting the temperature much lower
than the current outlet air temperature
turns on the air conditioner compressor automatically and the “A/C” indicator light on the control panel illuminates.
& Control panel
1) Temperature control dial
2) Fan speed control dial
3) Air flow control dial
4) Control switch of the defogger and deicer
system (Refer to “Defogger and deicer”
F3-35.)
5) Air inlet selection button
6) Air conditioner button
& To use as full-automatic climate control system
Place the temperature control dial in the
position for your desired temperature, then
set the other dials and buttons as described in the following. The system’s
functions will then switch to AUTO mode
and be controlled automatically.
. Air flow control dial: AUTO position
. Fan speed control dial: AUTO position
& To use as semi-automatic
climate control system
Each function can be individually set to
AUTO mode independently of the others.
Any function set to AUTO mode is controlled automatically. Any function not set
to AUTO mode can be manually adjusted
as desired.
The temperature can be set within a range
of 65 to 858F (20 to 308C).
Information Provided by:
& Fan speed control dial
The fan operates only with the ignition
switch in the ON position. The fan speed
control dial is used to select the AUTO
(automatic control) mode or to select the
desired fan speed. The dial’s positions
and their functions are as follows.
OFF: The fan does not operate.
AUTO: The fan speed is adjusted automatically in accordance with the air
temperature inside and outside the passenger compartment, the intensity of sunlight, and other factors. SUBARU recommends using the AUTO position.
Other positions: The fan speed can be
adjusted in 7 steps.
NOTE
With the fan speed control dial in the
AUTO position and the air flow control
dial in the “ ”, “ ”, or “ ” position,
the fan does not operate during engine
warm-up until the engine coolant temperature exceeds approximately 1228F
(508C).
& Temperature control dial
This dial is used to set the desired interior
temperature. With the dial set to your
desired temperature, the system automatically adjusts the temperature of air
supplied from the outlets such that the
desired temperature is achieved and
maintained.
If the dial is turned fully counterclockwise,
the system gives maximum cooling performance. If the dial is turned fully clockwise, the system gives maximum heating
performance.
& Air flow control dial
This dial has the following six positions.
The outlets from which air is supplied in
each position are as follows.
AUTO: The air flow control is adjusted
automatically in accordance with the air
temperature inside and outside the passenger compartment, the intensity of sunlight, and other factors. SUBARU recommends using the AUTO position.
: Instrument panel outlets
: Instrument panel outlets and foot
outlets
Climate control 4-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
4-10 Climate control
: Foot outlets and windshield defroster
outlets (relatively little air from windshield
defroster outlets)
: Windshield defroster outlets and foot
outlets
: Windshield defroster outlets
NOTE
When the dial is placed in the “ ” or
“ ” position, the air inlet selection is
automatically set to “outside air”
mode.
& Air inlet selection button
ON position (Recirculation): Interior air
is recirculated inside the vehicle. Push the
air inlet selection button to the ON position
for fast cooling with the air conditioner or
when driving on a dusty road. The
indicator light will illuminate.
OFF position (Outside Air): Outside air
is drawn into the passenger compartment.
Push the air inlet selection button to the
OFF position when the interior has cooled
to a comfortable temperature and the road
is no longer dusty. The indicator light will
turn off.
AUTO: Turn the fan speed control dial and
air flow control dial to the AUTO position.
The air inlet control is then adjusted
automatically in accordance with the air
temperature inside and outside the passenger compartment, the intensity of sunlight, and other factors. Pressing the air
inlet selection button cancels the “AUTO”
mode. To return to “AUTO” mode, turn the
fan speed control dial or air flow control
dial to a position other than the AUTO
position. Then turn to “AUTO” mode.
SUBARU recommends using the AUTO
position.
WARNING
Continued operation in the ON position may fog up the windows. Switch
to the OFF position as soon as the
outside dusty condition clears.
& Air conditioner button
The button positions and their functions
are as follows.
ON: The air conditioner operates while the
fan is running.
Push the button to select this position. The
indicator light will illuminate.
OFF: The air conditioner does not operate.
Push the button again to select this
position. The indicator light will turn off.
AUTO: Turn the fan speed control dial and
air flow control dial to the AUTO position.
The air conditioner compressor operation
is then adjusted automatically in accordance with the air temperature inside and
outside the passenger compartment, the
intensity of sunlight, and other factors.
Information Provided by:
Pressing the button cancels the “AUTO”
mode. To return to “AUTO” mode, turn the
fan speed control dial or air flow control
dial to a position other than the AUTO
position. Then turn to “AUTO” mode.
SUBARU recommends using the AUTO
position.
NOTE
The air conditioner’s compressor does
not operate with an outside temperature of 328F (08C) or lower.
& Temperature sensors
1) Interior air temperature sensor
2) Solar sensor
The automatic climate control system
employs several sensors. These sensors
are delicate. If they are not treated
properly and become damaged, the system may not be able to control the interior
temperature correctly. To avoid damaging
the sensors, observe the following precautions.
– Do not subject the sensors to impact.
– Keep water away from the sensors.
– Do not cover the sensors.
The sensors are located as follows.
– Solar sensor: beside the windshield
defroster grille.
– Interior air temperature sensor: near
the ignition switch.
– Outside temperature sensor: behind
the front grille.
Climate control 4-11
Information Provided by:
4-12 Climate control
Operating tips for heater and
air conditioner
& Cleaning ventilation grille
Always keep the front ventilation inlet grille
free of snow, leaves, or other obstructions
to ensure efficient heating and defrosting.
Since the condenser is located in front of
the radiator, this area should be kept clean
because cooling performance is impaired
by any accumulation of insects and leaves
on the condenser.
& Efficient cooling after parking
in direct sunlight
After parking in direct sunlight, drive with
the windows open for a few minutes to
allow outside air to circulate into the
heated interior. This results in quicker
cooling by the air conditioner. Keep the
windows closed during the operation of
the air conditioner for maximum cooling
efficiency.
& Lubrication oil circulation in
the refrigerant circuit
Operate the air conditioner compressor at
a low engine speed (at idle or low driving
speeds) a few minutes each month during
the off-season to circulate its oil.
& Checking air conditioning
system before summer season
Check the air conditioner unit for refrigerant leaks, hose conditions, and proper
operation each spring. Have the air conditioning system checked by your
SUBARU dealer.
& Cooling and dehumidifying in
high humidity and low temperature weather conditions
Under certain weather conditions (high
relative humidity, low temperatures, etc.) a
small amount of water vapor emission
from the air outlets may be noticed. This
condition is normal and does not indicate
any problem with the air conditioning
system.
& Air conditioner compressor
shut-off when engine is
heavily loaded
To improve acceleration and gas mileage,
the air conditioner compressor is designed
to temporarily shut off during air conditioner operation whenever the accelerator
is fully depressed such as during rapid
acceleration or when driving on a steep
upgrade.
& Refrigerant for your climate
control system
Your air conditioner uses ozone friendly
refrigerant HFC134a. Therefore, the method of adding, changing or checking the
refrigerant is different from the method for
CFC12 (freon). Consult your SUBARU
dealer for service. Repairs needed as a
result of using the wrong refrigerant are
not covered under warranty.
Information Provided by:
Air filtration system
Replace the filter element according to the
replacement schedule as follows. This
schedule should be followed to maintain
the filter’s dust collection ability. Under
extremely dusty conditions, the filter
should be replaced more frequently. It is
recommended that you have your filter
checked or replaced by your SUBARU
dealer. For replacement, use only a
genuine SUBARU air filter kit.
Replacement schedule:
Every 12 months or 7,500 miles (12,000
km) whichever comes first
CAUTION
Contact your SUBARU dealer if the
following occurs, even if it is not yet
time to change the filter:
– Reduction of the air flow through
the vents.
– Windshield gets easily fogged or
misted.
NOTE
The filter can influence the air conditioning, heating and defroster performance if not properly maintained.
& Replacing an air filter
1. Remove the glove box.
(1) Open the glove box.
(2) Remove the damper shaft from the
glove box.
(3) Pull out the glove box.
2. Remove the air filter.
Climate control 4-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
4-14 Climate control
3. Replace the air filter element with a
new one.
CAUTION
The arrow mark on the filter must
point UP.
4. Reinstall the glove box, and connect
the damper shaft.
5. Close the glove box.
6. LABEL installation
(1) Fill out the information on the
service label (small).
1) Service label
(2) Attach the service label to the
driver’s side door pillar.
1) Caution label
(3) Attach the caution label next to the
Information Provided by:
air filter as shown in the illustration.
Climate control 4-15
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
Antenna system .................................................. 5-2
Roof antenna ...................................................... 5-2
FM reception....................................................... 5-2
XMTM satellite radio reception (if equipped)...... 5-2
Installation of accessories.................................. 5-4
Audio set ............................................................. 5-5
Type A audio set (if equipped) ............................. 5-5
Type B audio set (if equipped) ............................. 5-6
Power and sound controls ................................. 5-7
Power switch and volume control ........................ 5-7
Sound control ..................................................... 5-7
Adjustable level of each mode ............................. 5-9
FM/AM radio operation ...................................... 5-10
FM/AM selection................................................. 5-10
Tuning ............................................................... 5-10
Displaying radio PS (Program Service Name) and
RT (Radio Text) ................................................ 5-12
Station preset .................................................... 5-12
Satellite radio operation (if equipped) .............. 5-13
XMTM satellite radio ............................................ 5-13
Sirius satellite radio ........................................... 5-13
Satellite radio reception...................................... 5-13
Displaying satellite radio ID of tuner ................... 5-13
Band selection................................................... 5-14
Channel and category selection ......................... 5-14
Channel preset .................................................. 5-16
Display selection ............................................... 5-16
CD player operation .......................................... 5-17
How to insert a CD (type A)................................ 5-17
How to insert a CD(s) (type B)............................ 5-17
How to play back a CD ...................................... 5-19
To select a track from its beginning.................... 5-19
Fast-forwarding and fast-reversing ..................... 5-20
Repeating .......................................................... 5-21
Random playback .............................................. 5-21
Scan ................................................................. 5-22
Display selection ............................................... 5-22
Folder selection................................................. 5-23
How to eject a CD from the player (type A) ......... 5-23
How to eject CDs from the player (type B) .......... 5-24
When the following messages are displayed....... 5-25
AUX unit operation ............................................ 5-25
Audio control buttons (if equipped) ................. 5-26
MODE button..................................................... 5-26
Precautions to observe when handling a
compact disc................................................... 5-28
Audio
5
Information Provided by:
5-2 Audio
Antenna system
& Roof antenna
CAUTION
. Be sure to lower the antenna rod
before entering garages, parking
towers and other locations with
low ceilings.
. Remove the antenna rod before
washing your car at a car wash. If
the antenna rod is left attached, it
may scratch the roof.
. When reinstalling the removed
antenna rod, be sure to fully
tighten it.
1) Unscrew
2) Remove
The roof antenna is installed in the center
at the rear part of the roof.
It is possible to remove the antenna rod by
unscrewing it from its base.
& FM reception
Although FM is normally static free,
reception can be affected by the surrounding area, atmospheric conditions, station
strength and transmitter distance. Buildings or other obstructions may cause
momentary static, flutter or station interference. If reception continues to be
unsatisfactory, switch to a stronger station.
XMTM satellite radio reception
(if equipped)
XMTM is a continental U.S. based satellite
radio service, including music, news,
sports, talk and children’s programming.
XMTM provides digital quality audio and
text information, including song title and
artist name. A service fee is required to
receive the XMTM service. For more
information, contact XMTM at
www.xmradio.com or call 1-800-XMRADIO (1-800-967-2346) for U.S.,
www.xmradio.ca or 1-877-GET-XMSR (1877-438-9677) for Canada.
The XMTM satellite radio receiver that is
fitted to your vehicle receives the necessary signals from two specially designated
satellites that are in a geostationary orbit
over the equator. One satellite covers the
east coast and the other covers the west
coast. Both of them direct their signals
north. These signals are then relayed
throughout the USA by a network of
ground repeater stations. The satellite
radio signals are transmitted as “line of
sight” signals. Line of sight signals can be
blocked by objects such as buildings, but
the network of repeater stations allows
signal coverage within urban areas such
as cities.
Information Provided by:
You may experience problems in receiving
XMTM satellite radio signals in the following situations.
. If you are driving northward in a coastal
area
You will notice that the XMTM satellite
radio antenna is fixed to the upper right
hand corner of your windshield.
The signal comes from the south and may
not be able to reach the antenna in some
circumstances when you are driving north.
. If you are driving in a tunnel or a
covered parking area
. If you are driving beneath the top level
of a multi-level freeway
. If you drive under a bridge
. If you are driving next to a tall vehicle
(such as a truck or a bus) that blocks the
signal
. If you are driving in a valley where the
surrounding hills or peaks block the signal
from the south
. If you are driving on a mountain road
where the southern direction is blocked by
mountains
. If you are driving in an area with tall
trees that block the signal (33 ft (10 m) or
more), for example on a road that goes
through a dense forest
. The signal can become weak in some
areas that are not covered by the repeater
station network.
Please note that these may be other
unforeseen circumstances when there
are problems with the reception of XMTM
satellite radio signals.
Audio 5-3
Information Provided by:
5-4 Audio
Installation of accessories
Always consult your SUBARU dealer
before installing a citizen band radio or
other transmitting device in your vehicle.
Such devices may cause the electronic
control system to malfunction if they are
incorrectly installed or if they are not
suited for the vehicle.
Information Provided by:
Audio set
Your SUBARU may be equipped with one of the following audio sets. See the pages
indicated in this section for operating details.
& Type A audio set (if equipped)
The audio set will operate only when the
ignition switch is in the “Acc” or “ON”
position.
. Power and sound controls: refer to
page 5-7
. Radio operation: refer to page 5-10
. Satellite radio operation (if equipped):
refer to page 5-13
. CD (compact disc) player operation:
refer to page 5-17
. AUX unit operation: refer to page 5-25
Audio 5-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-6 Audio
& Type B audio set (if equipped) The audio set will operate only when the
ignition switch is in the “Acc” or “ON”
position.
. Power and sound controls: refer to
page 5-7
. Radio operation: refer to page 5-10
. Satellite radio operation (if equipped):
refer to page 5-13
. CD (compact disc) player operation:
refer to page 5-17
. AUX unit operation: refer to page 5-25
Information Provided by:
Power and sound controls
& Power switch and volume
control
The dial is used for both power (ON/OFF)
and volume control. The radio is turned
ON and OFF by pushing the dial, and the
volume is controlled by turning the dial.
& Sound control
! Tone and balance control
Each brief press of the sound control dial
changes the control modes in the following sequence.
Choose the desired level for each mode
by turning the sound control dial.
The control function returns to the tune/
track/channel control mode after approximately 5 seconds.
! Other sound setting controls
Each brief press of the “MENU” button
changes the control modes in the following sequence.
Type A audio:
Type B audio:
Choose the desired settings for each
mode by turning the sound control dial.
The control function returns to the tune/
track/channel control mode after approxiAudio 5-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-8 Audio
mately 5 seconds.
! SVC setting
SVC (Speed Volume Control) is a function
that automatically adjusts the volume
according to the vehicle speed. As the
vehicle speed increases, the audio volume automatically increases to match the
vehicle speed, in order to create a
pleasant listening environment even as
the driving noise increases. The amount of
this automatic volume change can be set
in the range from OFF to 2. The initial
setting is OFF.
! BEEP setting
A beep sound (operation sound) that
occurs when the audio system is operated
can be set ON/OFF. The initial setting is
ON.
! SRS CS Auto setting (type B audio)
SRS CS Auto can be set ON/OFF. When
this setting is ON, “ ” is displayed on the
screen.
NOTE
SRS CS Auto creates a 5.1ch equivalent surround field using 10 speakers
that are installed in the vehicle.
SRS CS Auto features:
1) Sound originating from door mount
speakers can be heard at ear level
(built in SRS FOCUS effect).
2) Ultra rich bass sound can be obtained from standard door mount
speakers (built in SRS TruBass effect).
3) Surround sound can be obtained
from 2-channel stereo sources such as
CD, MP3 and FM (built in SRS Circle
Surround II effect).
4) SRS CS Auto can position the
center channel image in the center of
the vehicle’s windshield. This eliminates the need for a center speaker
(built in SRS Circle Surround II phantom center and SRS FOCUS effects).
CS Auto, TruBass, FOCUS, Circle Surround-II, SRS and “ ” symbol are
trademarks of SRS Labs, Inc.
CS Auto technology is incorporated
under license from SRS Labs, inc.
Information Provided by:
& Adjustable level of each mode
Mode Range of levels
(displayed)
Initial setting Turn counterclockwise Turn clockwise
Volume Volume control 0 to 40 15 For less volume For more volume
AUX volume control* 0 to 40 15 For less volume For more volume
Tone and balance Bass control −8 to +8 0 For less bass sound For more bass sound
Midrange control −8 to +8 0 For less midrange sound For more midrange sound
Treble control −8 to +8 0 For less treble sound For more treble sound
Balance L9 to R9 0 Right channel attenuated Left channel attenuated
Fader R9 to F9 0 Front attenuated Rear attenuated
Other settings SPEED VOLUME OFF to 2 OFF For less auto volume change For more auto volume change
BEEP OFF to ON ON OFF ON
CS Auto (type B audio) OFF to ON OFF OFF ON
*: Only when an AUX audio product is connected.
Audio 5-9
Information Provided by:
5-10 Audio
FM/AM radio operation
& FM/AM selection
Push the “FM AM” button when the radio
is off to turn on the radio.
Push the “FM AM” button when the radio
is on to select FM1, FM2, FM3 or AM
reception.
Each brief press of the “FM AM” button
changes the radio in the following sequence starting from the last radio band
with you selected.
& Tuning
! Manual tuning
Turn the TUNE dial clockwise to increase
the tuning frequency and turn the “TUNE”
dial counterclockwise to decrease it.
Each time the dial is turned, the frequency
interval can be changed between 10 kHz
in the AM mode and 0.2 MHz in the FM
mode.
! Stereo indicator
The stereo indicator “ST” will illuminate
when an FM stereo broadcast is received.
! Seek tuning (SEEK)
If you press the “ ” or “ ” side of the
SEEK button briefly, the radio will automatically search for a receivable station
and stop at the first one it finds. This
function may not be available, however,
when radio signals are weak. In such a
situation, perform manual tuning to select
the desired station.
Information Provided by:
! Scan tuning (SCAN)
If you press the “SCAN” button, the radio
will switch to the scan mode. In this mode,
the radio scans through the radio band
until a station is found. The radio will stop
at the station for 5 seconds while displaying the frequency, after which scanning
will continue until the entire band has been
scanned.
Press the “SCAN” button again to cancel
the SCAN mode and to stop at any
displayed channel.
Automatic tuning may not function properly if the station reception is weakened by
distance from the station or proximity to
tall buildings and hills.
! PTY (Program type) group tuning
(only FM reception)
Press the “PTY/CAT” button to change to
the PTY selection mode. At this time, the
PTY group that you are currently listening
to will be displayed for 10 seconds. In the
PTY selection mode, “PTY” is displayed
on the screen.
! PTY (Program type) group selection
In the PTY selection mode, press the
“PTY” button “ ” or “ ” to change the
PTY group by one step at a time.
Pressing “ ” changes the PTY group up
by one step. Pressing “ ” changes the
PTY group down by one step.
This operation only changes the display. It
does not change the station that is
currently being received.
Audio 5-11
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Information Provided by:
5-12 Audio
! Seek in PTY (Program type) group
In the PTY selection mode, when the
desired PTY group has been selected,
pressing the “SEEK” button “ ” or “ ”
seeks within that PTY group.
Pressing “ ” seeks up. Pressing “ ”
seeks down.
The control function returns to the normal
mode after approximately 10 seconds.
& Displaying radio PS (Program Service Name) and RT
(Radio Text)
If the PS (Program Service Name) and/or
RT (Radio Text) are available, pressing
the “TEXT” button changes the display
among PS, RT and frequency. The initial
setting is “PS”.
NOTE
. The maximum number of characters
that can be displayed for PS is 8.
. The maximum number of characters
that can be displayed for RT is 64.
. If RT is 13 characters or longer,
press and hold the “TEXT” button for
0.5 second or longer in order to change
the page.
& Station preset
! How to preset stations
1. Press the “FM AM” button to select
FM1, FM2, FM3 or AM reception.
2. Press the “ ” or “ ” side of the
SEEK button or tune the radio manually
until the desired station frequency is
displayed.
3. Press one of the preset buttons for
more than 1.5 seconds to store the
frequency. If the button is pressed for less
than 1.5 seconds, the preceding selection
will remain in memory.
NOTE
. If the connection between the radio
and battery is broken for any reason
such as vehicle maintenance or radio
removal, all stations stored in the
preset buttons are cleared. If this
occurs, it is necessary to reset the
preset buttons.
. If a cell phone is placed near the
radio, it may cause the radio to emit
noise when it receives calls. This noise
does not indicate a radio fault.
Information Provided by:
! Selecting preset stations
Presetting a station with a preset button
allows you to select that station in a single
operation. Up to six AM, FM1, FM2 and
FM3 stations each may be preset.
Satellite radio operation (if
equipped)
To receive satellite radio, it is necessary to
install the SUBARU genuine satellite
receiver (optional equipment) and to enter
into a contract. For details, please contact
your SUBARU dealer.
& XMTM satellite radio
XMTM is a continental U.S. based satellite
radio service, including music, news,
sports, talk and children’s programming.
XMTM provides digital quality audio and
text information, including song title and
artist name. A service fee is required to
receive the XMTM service. For more
information, contact XMTM at
www.xmradio.com or call 1-800-XMRADIO (1-800-967-2346) for U.S.,
www.xmradio.ca or 1-877-GET-XMSR (1877-438-9677) for Canada.
& Sirius satellite radio
Sirius satellite radio is a recent innovation
that allows the listener to experience
digital sound quality and to have a greater
variety of channels.
Use of satellite radio (Sirius) requires a
tuner, antenna and a service contract. For
details, please contact your SUBARU
dealer or visit Sirius Satellite Radio at
www.sirius.com or call 1-888-539-SIRIUS
(7474) for more information. Sirius, the
Sirius dog logo, channel names and logos
are trademarks of SIRIUS Satellite Radio
Inc.
& Satellite radio reception
Satellite radio signals are best received in
areas with a clear view of the open sky. In
areas where there are tall buildings, trees,
tunnels or other structures that may
obstruct the signal of the satellites, there
may be signal interruptions. Other circumstances that may result in signal loss
include driving near a wall, steep cliff, hill
or driving on the lower level of a multitiered road or inside of a parking garage.
To help reduce this condition, satellite
radio providers have installed groundbased repeaters in heavily populated
areas. However, you may still experience
reception problems in some areas.
& Displaying satellite radio ID
of tuner
When you activate satellite radio, you
should have your satellite radio tuner ID
ready because each tuner is identified by
its unique satellite radio tuner ID.
The satellite radio ID will be needed when
Audio 5-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-14 Audio
you activate satellite radio and receive
satellite radio customer support.
The satellite radio ID can be found on the
audio display by tuning the channel to “0”.
Turn the “CH” dial to select the satellite
radio channel.
NOTE
For Sirius, change the display to an
indication mode other than the channel
number after performing the above
operation.
& Band selection
Push the “SAT” button when the radio is
off to turn on the radio.
Push the “SAT” button when the radio is
on to select SAT1, SAT2 or SAT3 reception.
& Channel and category selection
! Channel selection (type A)
Turn the “CH” dial clockwise to select the
next channel and turn the “CH” dial
counterclockwise to select the previous
channel.
! Channel selection (type B)
When in the SAT mode, briefly press the
“SEEK” button “ ” or “ ” to select the
channel.
Information Provided by:
! Skip channel selection
When in the SAT mode, press the “SEEK”
button “ ” or “ ” continuously to
change to the channel selection mode.
Pressing the “SEEK” button “ ” changes
the channel up by 10 steps each time.
Pressing “ ” changes the channel down
by 10 steps each time.
! Category selection
When in the SAT mode, press the “CAT”
button “ ” or “ ” to change to the
category search mode.
When in the category search mode,
pressing the “CAT” button “ ” changes
the category up by one step. Pressing “ ”
changes the category down by one step.
When a category is selected, turning the
“CH” dial selects channels only within the
selected category.
The control function returns to the normal
mode after approximately 10 seconds.
! Channel scan
Press the “SCAN” button to change the
radio to the SCAN mode. In this mode,
under the selected category, the radio
scans through the channel until a station
is found. The radio will stop at the station
for 5 seconds while displaying the channel
number, after which scanning will continue
until the entire channel has been scanned
from the low end to the high end.
Press the “SCAN” button again to cancel
the SCAN mode and to stop on any
displayed channel.
Audio 5-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-16 Audio
& Channel preset
! How to preset channels
1. Press the “SAT” button to select SAT1,
SAT2 and SAT3 reception.
2. Select the desired channel.
3. Press one of the preset buttons for
more than 1.5 seconds to store the
channel. If the button is pressed for less
than 1.5 seconds, the preceding selection
will remain in memory.
NOTE
If the connection between the radio and
battery is broken for any reason such
as vehicle maintenance or radio removal, all channels stored in the preset
buttons are cleared. If this occurs, it is
necessary to reset the preset buttons.
! Selecting preset channels
Presetting a channel with a preset button
allows you to select that channel in a
single operation. Up to six SAT1, SAT2
and SAT3 channels each may be preset.
& Display selection
Press the “TEXT” button while receiving
the satellite radio to change the display as
follows.
Information Provided by:
CD player operation
NOTE
. Make sure to always insert a disc
with the label side up. If a disc is
inserted with the label side down, the
player displays “CHECK DISC”. Refer
to “When the following messages are
displayed” F5-25.
. If a disc is inserted during a radio
broadcast, the disc will interrupt the
broadcast.
. After the last song finishes, the disc
will automatically return to track 1 (the
first track on the disc) and will automatically play back.
. The player is designed to be able to
play music CD-Rs and music CD-RWs,
but it may not be able to play certain
ones.
. CDs (i.e., 8 cm/3 inch CDs) are not
supported, and if inserted, they will be
immediately ejected.
. The file (track) that has protected by
copyright of WMA cannot be played,
and the player will skip to the next file
(track).
& How to insert a CD (type A)
Hold a disc with a finger in the center hole
while gripping the edge of the disc, then
insert it in to the slot (with the label side
up) and the player will automatically pull
the disc into position.
NOTE
DO NOT INSERT TWO DISCS INTO THE
DISC INSERTION SLOT AT A TIME.
& How to insert a CD(s) (type B)
1. Briefly press the “LOAD” button. If the
magazine in the player has an idle
position where you can insert a disc, the
disc number indicator associated with the
idle position will blink.
If no indicator blinks, it means that there is
no idle position in the magazine.
2. When the “LOAD” indicator illuminates, insert the disc. Once you have
inserted the disc, the “LOAD” indicator will
turn off. The disc will then be automatically
drawn in, and the player will begin to play
back the first track of the disc.
. To insert more discs in succession,
repeat Steps 1 and 2. The magazine will
be loaded with discs in the ascending
order of position number.
If you do not insert any disc in 15 seconds
after you have pressed the “LOAD” button,
the player will begin to play back the first
track of the last disc you have inserted.
. The disc indicator steadily lights up if a
disc is already inserted in the corresponding position of the magazine.
. While the player is in the loading mode,
if you press “FM/AM”, “SAT” or “AUX”
button, the player will enter the standby
mode. Press the “CD” button to start
playback.
Audio 5-17
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-18 Audio
! Inserting a disc in a desired position
1. Briefly press the “LOAD” button. If the
magazine in the player has an idle
position where you can insert a disc, the
disc number indicator associated with the
idle position will blink.
The positions in the magazine the indicator of which steadily lights up are already
loaded with discs.
2. Press the disc select button at the
position where you want to insert a disc.
3. When the “LOAD” indicator illuminates, insert the disc. Once you have
inserted the disc, the “LOAD” indicator will
turn off. The disc will then be automatically
drawn in, and the player will begin to play
the first track on the disc.
. If you wish to insert another disc,
repeat the procedure beginning with step
1.
If you do not insert any disc in 15 seconds
after you have pressed the “LOAD” button,
the player will begin to play back the first
track of the last disc you have inserted.
. While the player is in the loading mode,
if you press “FM/AM”, “SAT” or “AUX”
button, the player will enter standby mode.
Press the “CD” button to start playback.
! Loading all the magazine (full disc
loading mode)
1. If you continue to press the “LOAD”
button for more than 1.5 seconds, the
player will produce beep sound and will
enter the full disc loading mode.
2. When the disc number indicator
flashes and “ALL LOAD” indicator illuminates, insert a disc within 15 seconds. If a
disc is successfully loaded during this
period, the disc number indicator will stop
blinking and will steadily light.
3. When the loading of a disc is complete, the next disc number indicator will
blink. Then repeat Step 2.
4. When the magazine is filled with discs
by repeating Steps 2 and 3, the player will
Information Provided by:
start playback of the discs, beginning with
the one inserted first.
If you fail to insert any disc during each 15
seconds interval, the full disc loading
mode will be canceled, and the player will
start playback of the disc inserted first.
& How to play back a CD
! When there is no CD inserted
Properly insert a CD. Refer to “How to
insert a CD (type A)” F5-17 / “How to
insert a CD(s) (type B)” F5-17.
When a CD is loaded, the player will start
playback of the CD, beginning with the
first track.
! When CD is in the player (type A)
When the “CD” button is pressed, the
player will start playback.
! When there are CDs loaded (type B)
Press a desired one of the disc select
buttons the disc number indicator of which
steadily lights up. The player will then start
playback of the selected CD, beginning
with the first track.
If a disc that the player cannot read has
been loaded, the player will display the
message “CHECK DISC”.
& To select a track from its
beginning
! Forward direction
Turn the “TRACK” dial clockwise to skip to
the beginning of the next track/file (track).
Each time the dial is turned, the indicated
track/file (track) number will increase.
NOTE
In an MP3 or WMA folder, skipping past
the last track/file (track) will take you
back to the first track/file (track) in the
folder.
Audio 5-19
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-20 Audio
! Backward direction
Turn the “TRACK” dial counterclockwise
to skip to the beginning of the current
track/file (track). Each time the dial is
turned, the indicated track/file (track)
number will decrease.
NOTE
In an MP3 or WMA folder, skipping past
the first track/file (track) will take you to
the last track/file (track) in the folder.
& Fast-forwarding and fast-reversing
! Fast-forwarding
Press the “ ” side of the “SEEK” button
continuously to fast-forward the disc/
folder.
Release the button to stop fast-forwarding.
NOTE
If you fast-forward to the end of the last
track/file (track), fast-forwarding will
stop and the player will start playback
beginning with the first track/file
(track).
! Fast-reversing
Press the “ ” side of the “SEEK” button
continuously to fast-reverse the disc/
folder.
Release the button to stop fast-reversing.
NOTE
If you fast-reverse to the beginning of
the first track/file (track), fast-reversing
will stop and the player will start playback.
Information Provided by:
& Repeating
To repeat a track/file (track), briefly press
the “RPT” button while the track/file (track)
is playing.
Each time you briefly press the button, the
mode changes in the following sequences.
Type A audio:
Type B audio:
NOTE
. The “RPT” indication refers to the
repeat playback of a single track. It
repeats the track that is playing.
. The “F-RPT” indication refers to the
repeat playback of a folder. It repeats
the all of the tracks in the folder. It is
possible to select the function when
the MP3/WMA format track is playing.
. The “D-RPT” indication refers to the
repeat playback of a disc. It repeats the
tracks on the CD. It is only possible to
select this function for type B audio.
To cancel the track/file (track) repeat-play
mode, briefly press the “RPT” button
twice. The “RPT” indication will turn off,
and the normal playback mode will be
resumed.
NOTE
The repeat-play mode will be cancelled
if you perform any of the following
steps.
. Press the “RPT” button and select
CANCEL
. Press the “ ” button
. Press the disc select button
. Press the “SCAN” button
. Press the “LOAD” button when
there is free space in the CD magazine
& Random playback
To playback a track/file(s) at random,
press the “RPT” button for 0.5 second or
longer while the track/file is playing.
Each time you press the button, the mode
changes in the following sequences.
NOTE
. The “RDM” indication refers to the
random playback of the tracks. It
randomly repeats the tracks on the
CD. It is possible to select the function
when formats other than the MP3/WMA
Audio 5-21
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-22 Audio
format CD is playing.
. The “F-RDM” indication refers to the
random playback in the folder. It randomly repeats the tracks in the folder. It
is possible to select the function when
an MP3/WMA format track is playing.
. The “D-RDM” indication refers to the
random playback of a disc. It randomly
repeats the tracks in the CD. It is
possible to select the function when
an MP3/WMA format track is playing.
To cancel the random playback mode,
press the “RPT” button again and select
CANCEL.
The “RDM” indication will turn off, and the
normal playback mode will be resumed.
NOTE
Random playback will be cancelled if
you perform any of the following steps.
. Press the “RPT” button and select
CANCEL
. Press the “ ” button
. Press the disc select button
. Press the “SCAN” button
. Press the “LOAD” button when
there is free space in the CD magazine
& Scan
The scan mode lets you listen to the first
10 seconds of each track/file in succession. Press the “SCAN” button to start
scanning upward beginning with the track/
file(s) following the currently selected one.
After all track/file(s) in the disk/folder have
been scanned, normal playback will be
resumed. To cancel the scan mode, press
the “SCAN” button again.
NOTE
The scan mode will be cancelled if you
perform any of the following steps.
. Press the “RPT” button
. Turn the “TRACK” dial
. Press the “ ” or “ ” side of the
“FOLDER” button
. Press the “ ” button
. Press the disc select button
. Select the radio or AUX mode
. Press the “LOAD” button when
there is free space in the CD magazine
. Turn off the power of the audio
equipment
. Turn the ignition switch to the
“LOCK” position
& Display selection
If you press the “TEXT” button during
playback, the indication will change to the
next one in the following sequence.
Information Provided by:
For CD-DA:
For MP3/WMA:
! Page (track/folder title) scroll
If you press the “TEXT” button again for at
least 0.5 second, the title will be scrolled
so you can see all of it.
NOTE
The display is designed to show titles
for up to 24 characters.
& Folder selection
Press the “ ” side of the “FOLDER”
button briefly to select the next folder.
Press the “ ” side of the button briefly to
go back to the previous folder. The folder
title will be shown each time you press
one of the buttons.
NOTE
. Selecting folders in this way is
possible only within a single disc.
. Only MP3/WMA folders are recognized when an attempt to select the
next or previous folder is made. If no
appropriate folder exists on the disc,
pressing the “ ” or “ ” side of the
“FOLDER” button starts playback beginning with the first track/file (track).
& How to eject a CD from the
player (type A)
When a disc is being played back or when
a disc is in the player, press the eject
button “ ”. The disc will be ejected.
NOTE
. Avoid driving the vehicle with a CD
sticking out, because vibration might
make it fall out.
. If the disc is left ejected for more
than approximately 15 seconds after
the ignition switch is turned to the
“OFF” position, a disc protection function will operate, automatically reloading the disc. In this case, the disc is not
played.
Audio 5-23
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-24 Audio
& How to eject CDs from the
player (type B)
! Ejecting a CD from the player
Of the discs loaded, you can select and
remove only one disc.
1. Use the disc select button to select the
disc to be ejected.
2. Briefly press the “ ” button. The
selected disc will be ejected. The disc
number indicator will flash at this time.
When you remove the ejected disc, the
disc number indicator will turn off.
To remove more discs in succession,
repeat steps 1 and 2.
! Ejecting all discs from the player
(all disc ejection mode)
1. If you continue to press the “ ”
button, the player will produce beep sound
and will enter the all disc ejection mode. At
this time, the disc number indicator and
“ALL EJECT” indicator will flash.
2. Remove the disc that has been
ejected. The other discs loaded will then
be ejected one after another. If you do not
remove the disc that has been ejected, the
“All disc ejection mode” will be canceled.
NOTE
. Avoid driving the vehicle with a CD
sticking out, because vibration might
make it fall out.
. If you press the “ ” button while
Information Provided by:
the player is in all disc ejection mode,
the mode will be cancelled following
ejection of the disc that is currently
being ejected.
. If you press the “CD” button or
“LOAD” button while the player is in
all disc ejection mode, the player will
draw in the discs that have been
ejected and play them.
& When the following messages are displayed
If one of the following messages is
displayed while operating the CD player,
determine the cause based on the following information. If you cannot clear those
messages, please contact your SUBARU
dealer.
! When “PUSH EJECT” is displayed
Press the eject button to unload the disc.
Check the disc for damage or deformation, and also check that the correct disc is
inserted. Do not try to unload the disc
forcibly. Single CDs (i.e., 8 cm/3 inch CDs)
are not supported, and if inserted, they will
be immediately ejected and this message
will be displayed. If the disc cannot be
unloaded or this message remains displayed, please contact your SUBARU
dealer.
! When “CHECK DISC” is displayed
Press the eject button to unload the discs.
Check that the disc is not damaged or
scratched, and also check that the disc is
inserted correctly. This message may
appear when using some CD-RW discs.
Check that the disc type (i.e., 8 cm/3 inch
CDs are not supported) and data format
are correct. This player can only play MP3
and WMA data formats. If the disc cannot
be unloaded or this message remains
displayed, please contact your SUBARU
dealer.
AUX unit operation
Models without genuine SUBARU navigation system
By connecting a commercial audio product to the vehicle, such as a portable
audio player, you can hear its sound via
the vehicle’s speaker.
For the audio input jack, a stereo mini pin
plug (3.5ø) can be connected. The connection cable is available at electrical
appliance or similar stores.
To use the AUX unit:
1. Connect a portable audio player to the
AUX jack.
Audio 5-25
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
5-26 Audio
2. Press the AUX input selection button
“CD/AUX” on the audio control panel to
turn on the auxiliary audio input.
3. Play back the portable audio player.
Refer to the Owner’s Manual of the
portable audio player.
NOTE
. The AUX jacks of the models with
the genuine SUBARU navigation system are the RCA type. For detailed
information, refer to the Owner’s Manual supplement for the navigation system.
. The output sound of the portable
audio player is not loud, and the sound
via the vehicle’s speakers that are
connected to the vehicle audio set
may be very low. If you turn up the
volume of the audio set, the volume
becomes louder. However, when you
change from one portable audio player
to another one, the volume levels via
the vehicle’s speakers may be significantly loud compared to the prior
device. To avoid a large volume difference, turn down the volume when you
change between portable audio
players.
. In some cases, when the sound
volume of the portable audio player is
low, the sound becomes bad when you
turn up the volume of the vehicle audio
system. In this case, adjust the sound
volume of the portable audio player.
. In some cases, noise occurs because of a bad connection between the
portable player of the vehicle audio
system or for the player.
Audio control buttons (if
equipped)
These buttons are located on the steering
wheel. They allow the driver to control
audio functions without taking his/her
hands off the steering wheel.
& MODE button
This button is used to select the desired
audio mode. Each time it is pressed, the
mode changes to the next one in the
following sequence:
*1: The frequency last received in the selected
Information Provided by:
waveband will be displayed.
*2: Only when a CD is in the player.
*3: Only when with an auxiliary audio product is
connected.
! “ ” and “ ” buttons
! With radio mode selected
Press the “ ” button or “ ” button for a
short time to skip to a preset channel, and
press it for a long time to seek the next
receivable station.
! With CD mode selected
Press the “ ” button to skip forward in the
track/file (track) order. Press the “ ”
button to skip backward in the track/file
(track) order.
The track/file (track) number will be shown
on the audio display.
! With SAT mode selected
Press the “ ” button to skip forward in the
channel order. Press the “ ” button to
skip backward in the channel order. The
channel will be shown on the audio
display.
! Volume control buttons
Press the “+” button to increase the
volume. Press the “−” button to reduce
the volume.
A number indicating the volume will be
shown on the audio display.
! MUTE button
Press this button if you wish to immediately cut the volume to zero.
The audio display will show “MUTE”.
If you press the button again, the original
sound volume will return and “MUTE”
turns off.
Audio 5-27
Information Provided by:
5-28 Audio
Precautions to observe when
handling a compact disc
Use only compact discs (CDs, CD-Rs and
CD-RWs) that have the mark shown in the
following. Also, some compact discs
cannot be played.
. You cannot use a DualDisc in the CD
player. If you insert a DualDisc into the
player, the disc may not come out again,
possibly causing the player to malfunction.
. In cold and/or rainy weather, dew can
form inside the CD player, preventing
normal operation. If this happens, eject
the CD and wait for the player to dry out.
. Skipping may occur when the CD
player is subjected to severe vibration
(for example, when the vehicle is driven
on a rough surface).
. To remove a disc from the case, press
the center of the case and hold both
edges of the disc. If the disc surface is
touched directly, contamination could
cause poor tone quality. Do not touch the
disc surface.
. Use a clean disc whenever possible. If
Information Provided by:
there are deposits, wipe the disc surface
from the center outward with a dry, soft
cloth. Be sure not to use a hard cloth,
thinner, benzine, alcohol, etc.
. Do not use any disc that is scratched,
deformed, or cracked. Also, do not use
any disc that has a non-standard shape
(for example, a heart shape). Malfunctions
or problems might result.
. A disc is vulnerable to heat. Never
keep it either in places exposed to direct
sunlight, near heaters or in vehicles
parked in the sun or on hot days.
Audio 5-29
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
Interior lights ....................................................... 6-2
Dome light .......................................................... 6-2
Cargo area light .................................................. 6-3
Map light............................................................. 6-3
Sun visors ........................................................... 6-4
Vanity mirror ....................................................... 6-5
Storage compartment ......................................... 6-5
Glove box ........................................................... 6-5
Center console.................................................... 6-5
Overhead console ............................................... 6-7
Rear seat center table (if equipped) ..................... 6-7
Coin tray............................................................. 6-7
Cup holders ......................................................... 6-8
Front passenger cup holder................................. 6-8
Rear passenger cup holder (if equipped).............. 6-8
Bottle holders ...................................................... 6-9
Accessory power outlets .................................... 6-9
Use with a cigarette lighter (dealer option).......... 6-11
Ashtray (if equipped)......................................... 6-11
Floor mat ............................................................ 6-12
Shopping bag hook ........................................... 6-12
Coat hook........................................................... 6-13
Cargo area cover (dealer option)...................... 6-13
Using the cover ................................................. 6-13
To remove the cover .......................................... 6-14
To install the cover housing ............................... 6-14
Cargo tie-down hooks ....................................... 6-15
Under-floor storage compartment
(if equipped) .................................................... 6-16
Interior equipment
6
Information Provided by:
6-2 Interior equipment
Interior lights
When leaving your vehicle, make sure the
light is turned off to avoid battery discharge.
& Dome light
Type A
Type B
1) ON
2) DOOR
3) OFF
The dome light switch has the following
three positions.
ON: The light remains on continuously.
OFF: The light remains off.
DOOR: The dome light illuminates automatically in the following cases.
. Any of the doors or the rear gate is
opened.
. The doors or the rear gate are unlocked using the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
. The ignition switch is turned from the
“Acc” position to the “LOCK” position.
The automatically illuminated dome light
remains on for several seconds and then
gradually turns off after all doors and the
rear gate are closed. While the light is
illuminated, if any of the following operations are performed, the dome light turns
off immediately.
. The ignition switch is turned from the
“LOCK” position to “Acc” or “ON” position.
. All doors and the rear gate are locked
using the remote keyless entry transmitter.
The setting of the period for which the light
remains on (OFF delay timer) can be
changed as follows.
. Models with genuine SUBARU navigation system:
The setting can be changed using the
navigation monitor. For details, please
refer to the Owner’s Manual supplement
for the navigation system. Also, the setting
can be changed by a SUBARU dealer.
Contact your SUBARU dealer for details.
. Models without genuine SUBARU
navigation system:
The setting can be changed by a
SUBARU dealer. Contact your SUBARU
dealer for details.
Information Provided by:
& Cargo area light
1) DOOR
2) OFF
3) ON
The cargo area light switch has the
following three positions.
DOOR: The light illuminates when the rear
gate is opened. The light remains illuminated for several seconds and turns off
after the rear gate is closed.
OFF: The light remains off.
ON: The light remains on continuously.
& Map light
1) Map light switch (lens)
To turn on the map light, push the lens.
To turn it off, push the lens again.
When leaving the vehicle, make sure the
light is turned off to avoid battery discharge.
! Door interlock switch
1) Door interlock switch
Although the map light switches (lenses)
are in the OFF position (manually off), the
map lights can be set to illuminate automatically in conjunction with the opening
of the doors by use of the door interlock
switch. The door interlock switch has the
following two positions.
OFF: The map lights do not illuminate
automatically in conjunction with the opening of the doors. But, the lights can be
turned on manually by pushing the map
light switches (lenses).
DOOR: The map lights illuminate automatically in the following cases.
. Any of the doors other than the rear
gate is opened. (The map lights do not
Interior equipment 6-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
6-4 Interior equipment
illuminate when only the rear gate is
opened.)
. The doors are unlocked using the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
. The ignition switch is turned from the
“Acc” position to the “LOCK” position.
The automatically illuminated map lights
remain on for several seconds and then
gradually turn off after all doors are
closed. While the lights are on, if any of
the following operations are performed,
the map lights turn off immediately.
. The ignition switch is turned from the
“LOCK” position to the “Acc” or “ON”
position.
. All doors and the rear gate are locked
using the remote keyless entry transmitter.
The setting of the period for which the
lights remain on (OFF delay timer) can be
changed as follows.
. Models with genuine SUBARU navigation system:
The setting can be changed using the
navigation monitor. For details, please
refer to the Owner’s Manual supplement
for the navigation system. Also, the setting
can be changed by a SUBARU dealer.
Contact your SUBARU dealer for details.
. Models without genuine SUBARU
navigation system:
The setting can be changed by a
SUBARU dealer. Contact your SUBARU
dealer for details.
Sun visors
To block out glare, swing down the visors.
To use the sun visor at a side window,
swing it down and move it sideways.
Information Provided by:
& Vanity mirror
CAUTION
Keep the vanity mirror cover closed
while the car is being driven to avoid
being temporarily blinded by the
glare of bright light.
To use the vanity mirror, swing down the
sun visor and open the vanity mirror cover.
Storage compartment
CAUTION
. Always keep the storage compartment closed while driving to
reduce the risk of injury in the
event of a sudden stop or an
accident.
. Do not store spray cans, containers with flammable or corrosive
liquids or any other dangerous
items in the storage compartment.
& Glove box
1) Lock
2) Unlock
To open the glove box, pull the handle. To
close it, push the lid firmly upward.
To lock the glove box, insert the key and
turn it clockwise. To unlock the glove box,
insert the key and turn it counterclockwise.
& Center console
The center console box provides a storage space. In addition, the top of the
console can be used as an armrest.
Interior equipment 6-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
6-6 Interior equipment
To use as an armrest:
1. Tip the console top forward from its
vertical position.
2. Push the armrest part of the console
top forward to the desired position. Adjust
the position of the armrest to suit your
driving position. Make sure the armrest is
securely retained.
To return the console top to the vertical
position, raise the console top.
CAUTION
Do not step or sit on the armrest,
and do not place heavy objects on it.
The armrest could break, and you
could get hurt.
To use as storage space:
Raise the console top to the vertical
position.
1) Pocket console
The pocket console can be used to store
small items.
CAUTION
Be careful not to trap your hands
between the console top and console box when raising and tipping
the console top.
Information Provided by:
& Overhead console
To open the console, push on the console
lid lightly and the lid will automatically
open.
CAUTION
When your vehicle is in the sun or
on a warm day, the inside of the
overhead console heats up. Avoid
storing plastic or other heat-vulnerable or flammable articles such as a
lighter in the overhead console.
& Rear seat center table (if
equipped)
To use the rear seat center table, pull the
strap up.
The rear seat center table can be used as
a storage space and as rear passenger’s
cup holders.
CAUTION
. Do not step or sit on the rear seat
center table, and do not place
heavy objects on it. The rear seat
center table could break, and you
could get hurt.
. When pulling out or returning the
rear seat center table, make sure
not to pinch fingers or other body
parts.
& Coin tray
A coin tray is built in the center console.
Interior equipment 6-7
Information Provided by:
6-8 Interior equipment
Cup holders
CAUTION
Take care to avoid spills. Beverages,
if hot, might burn you or your
passengers. Spilled beverages may
also damage upholstery, carpets or
audio equipment.
& Front passenger cup holder
CAUTION
Do not pick up a cup from the cup
holder or put a cup in the holder
while you are driving, as this may
distract you and lead to an accident.
A dual cup holder is built in the center
console, beside the parking brake lever.
The cup holder rear partition can be
removed and placed on the front partition.
This space can be used to store small
items.
& Rear passenger cup holder (if
equipped)
A dual cup holder is located on the rear
seat center table.
Information Provided by:
Bottle holders
CAUTION
. Do not pick up a bottle from the
bottle holder or put a bottle in the
holder while you are driving, as
this may distract you and lead to
an accident.
. When placing a beverage in a
door pocket, make sure it is
capped. Otherwise, the beverage
could spill when opening/closing
the door or while driving and, if
the beverage is hot, it could scald
you.
The door pocket equipped on each door
trim can be used to hold beverage bottles
and other items.
Accessory power outlets
Power outlet below the climate controls
Power outlet in the center console
Interior equipment 6-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
6-10 Interior equipment
Power outlet in the cargo area
Accessory power outlets are provided
below the climate controls, in the center
console and in the cargo area. Electrical
power (12V DC) from the battery is
available at any of the outlets when the
ignition switch is in either the “Acc” or “ON”
position.
You can use an in-vehicle electrical
appliance by connecting it to an outlet.
The maximum power rating of an appliance that can be connected varies among
outlets as shown in the following list. Do
not use an appliance which exceeds the
indicated wattage for each outlet.
. Outlet below the climate controls: 80W
or less
. Outlets in the center console and cargo
area: 120W or less (When using appliances connected to two outlets simultaneously, the total power consumed by
them must not exceed 120W.)
CAUTION
. Do not attempt to use a cigarette
lighter in the accessory power
outlets.
. Do not place any foreign objects,
especially metal ones such as
coins or aluminum foil, into the
accessory power outlet. That
could cause a short circuit. Always put the cap on the accessory power outlet when it is not
in use.
. Use only electrical appliances
which are designed for 12V DC.
The maximum power rating of an
appliance that can be connected
varies among outlets as shown in
the following list. Do not use an
appliance which exceeds the indicated wattage for each outlet.
– Outlet below the climate controls: 80W or less
– Outlets in the center console
and cargo area: 120W or less
(When using appliances connected to two outlets simultaneously, the total power consumed by them must not exceed 120W.)
Overloading the accessory
power outlet can cause a short
circuit. Do not use dual adapters
or more than one electrical appliance.
. If the plug on your electric appliance is either too loose or too
tight for the accessory power
outlet, this can result in a poor
contact or cause the plug to get
stuck. Only use plugs that fit
properly.
. Use of an electric appliance in the
accessory power outlet for a long
period of time while the engine is
not running can cause battery
discharge.
. Before driving your vehicle, make
sure that the plug and the cord
on your electrical appliance will
not interfere with your shifting
gears and operating the accelerator and brake pedals. If they
do, do not use the electrical
appliance while driving.
Information Provided by:
& Use with a cigarette lighter
(dealer option)
To use the accessory power outlet as a
cigarette lighter socket, purchase the
cigarette lighter plug, which is an optional
accessory.
A cigarette lighter plug is available from
your SUBARU dealer.
The cigarette lighter operates only when
the ignition switch is in the “ON” or “Acc”
position.
To use the cigarette lighter, push in the
knob and wait a few moments. It will
automatically spring up when ready for
use.
WARNING
To avoid being burned, never grasp
the lighter by the end with the
heating element. Doing so could
result in injury and could also
damage the heating element.
CAUTION
. Do not hold the lighter pushed in,
because it will overheat.
. Do not use a non-genuine cigarette lighter plug in the socket.
Doing so may cause a shortcircuit and overheating, resulting
in a fire.
. If the socket is ever used for a
plug-in accessory such as a cell
phone, that may damage the
portion of the socket’s internal
mechanism that causes a cigarette lighter plug to “pop out”
after its lighter element is heated.
Therefore, do not place a cigarette lighter plug in a socket that
has been used, even once, to
power a plug-in accessory. Doing
so may cause the plug to stick
and overheat, creating a potential
fire hazard.
Ashtray (if equipped)
CAUTION
Do not use ashtrays as waste receptacles or leave a lighted cigarette
in an ashtray. This could cause a
fire.
A portable ashtray is available from your
SUBARU dealer.
When using the ashtray, open the ashtray
lid. Fully close the lid after using it to help
reduce residual smoke.
NOTE
Particles of ash and tobacco will accumulate around the hinges of the ashInterior equipment 6-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
6-12 Interior equipment
tray’s inner lid. Clean them off using a
toothbrush or another narrow-ended
implement.
Floor mat
A retaining pin is located on the driver’s
side floor.
The floor mat is secured using the built-in
grommets, by placing the grommets over
the pins and pushing them downward.
CAUTION
Make sure the driver’s floor mat is
placed back in its proper location
and correctly secured on its retaining pins. Also, do not use more than
one floor mat. If the floor mat slips
forward and interferes with the
movement of the pedals during
driving, it could cause an accident.
Shopping bag hook
CAUTION
Do not hang items on the shopping
bag hook that weigh 6 lbs (3 kg) or
more.
A shopping bag hook is attached to each
side of the cargo area.
Information Provided by:
Coat hook
A coat hook is attached to each side of the
cargo area.
CAUTION
Never hang anything on the coat
hook that might obstruct the driver’s
view or that could cause injury in
sudden stops or in a collision. Do no
hang items on the coat hook that
weigh 6 lbs (3 kg) or more.
Cargo area cover (dealer option)
The cargo area cover is provided for
covering the cargo area and to protect its
contents from direct sunlight. This cover is
detachable to make room for additional
cargo.
& Using the cover
To extend the cover, pull the end of the
cover out of the housing, then insert its
hooks into the catches as shown. To
rewind it, unhook it from the catches and
it will rewind automatically. You should
hold on to the cover and guide it back into
the cover housing while it is rewinding.
Install the front cover behind the rear
seatback.
WARNING
Do not place anything on the extended cover. Putting excessive
weight on the extended cover can
break it and an object on the cover
could tumble forward in the event of
a sudden stop or collision. This
could cause serious injury.
CAUTION
. Be careful not to scratch the rear
gate stays while extending and
rewinding the cover. Scratches
on the stays could cause leakage
Interior equipment 6-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
6-14 Interior equipment
of gas from the stays, which may
result in their inability to hold the
rear gate open.
. If the vehicle is equipped with a
reclining rear seatback feature,
when reclining the rear seatback,
move the front cover backward
so that the cover is not damaged.
& To remove the cover
1. Rewind the cover.
2. Push the switch that is next to the right
end of the cover housing.
3. Take it off the retainer.
& To install the cover housing
1. Remove the cover of the retainers by
prying on the edge with a flat-head
screwdriver.
2. Insert the projections located on the
Information Provided by:
both ends of the sleeve into the recesses
of the retainers.
Cargo tie-down hooks
The cargo area is equipped with four tiedown hooks so that cargo can be secured
with a cargo net or ropes.
When using the tie-down hooks, turn them
down out of the storing recesses. When
not in use, put the hooks up into the
storing recesses.
CAUTION
The cargo tie-down hooks are designed only for securing light cargo.
Never try to secure cargo that
exceeds the capacity of the hooks.
The maximum load capacity is 44
lbs (20 kg) per hook.
Interior equipment 6-15
Information Provided by:
6-16 Interior equipment
Under-floor storage compartment (if equipped)
The storage compartment is located under
the floor of the cargo area, and it can be
used to store small items. To open the lid,
pull the tab up.
CAUTION
. Always keep the lids closed while
driving to reduce the risk of
injury in the event of a sudden
stop or an accident.
. Do not store spray cans, containers with flammable or corrosive
liquids or any other dangerous
items in the storage compartment.
Information Provided by:
Fuel ...................................................................... 7-3
Fuel requirements ............................................... 7-3
Fuel filler lid and cap........................................... 7-4
State emission testing (U.S. only)...................... 7-7
Preparing to drive ............................................... 7-8
Starting the engine.............................................. 7-8
Manual transmission model ................................. 7-8
Automatic transmission model ............................ 7-9
Stopping the engine........................................... 7-10
Remote engine start system
(dealer option) ................................................. 7-11
Starting your vehicle .......................................... 7-11
Remote start safety features ............................... 7-11
Entering the vehicle while it is running via remote
start................................................................. 7-12
Entering the vehicle following remote engine start
shutdown......................................................... 7-12
Pre-heating or pre-cooling the interior of the
vehicle ............................................................. 7-12
Service mode ..................................................... 7-12
Remote transmitter programming and
programmable feature option............................ 7-12
System maintenance .......................................... 7-13
Manual transmission.......................................... 7-15
Shifting speeds .................................................. 7-15
Driving tips ........................................................ 7-16
Automatic transmission..................................... 7-16
Selector lever..................................................... 7-17
Selector lever reverse inhibiting function ............ 7-18
Selection of manual mode .................................. 7-19
Maximum speeds............................................... 7-20
Driving tips........................................................ 7-21
SPORT mode..................................................... 7-21
Shift lock release ............................................... 7-22
Power steering................................................... 7-23
Braking ............................................................... 7-23
Braking tips....................................................... 7-23
Brake system .................................................... 7-23
Disc brake pad wear warning indicators ............. 7-24
ABS (Anti-lock Brake System).......................... 7-24
ABS system self-check ...................................... 7-25
ABS warning light.............................................. 7-25
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD)
system............................................................. 7-26
Steps to take if EBD system malfunctions .......... 7-26
Vehicle Dynamics Control system.................... 7-27
Vehicle Dynamics Control system monitor.......... 7-29
Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF switch ................ 7-31
Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS)
(U.S.-spec. models)......................................... 7-32
Parking your vehicle ......................................... 7-33
Parking brake .................................................... 7-33
Parking tips ....................................................... 7-33
Hill start assist system (MT vehicles) .............. 7-35
Hill start assist warning light.............................. 7-36
Cruise control .................................................... 7-36
To set cruise control .......................................... 7-36
To temporarily cancel the cruise control ............. 7-37
To turn off the cruise control.............................. 7-38
To change the cruising speed ............................ 7-38
Starting and operating
7
Information Provided by:
Starting and operating
Cruise control indicator light .............................. 7-39 Cruise control set indicator light ........................ 7-39
Information Provided by:
Fuel
CAUTION
Use of a fuel which is low in quality
or use of an inappropriate fuel
additive may cause engine damage.
& Fuel requirements
! Non-turbo models
The 2.5-liter non-turbo engine is designed
to operate using unleaded gasoline with
an octane rating of 87 AKI or higher.
! Turbo models
The 2.5-liter turbo engine is designed to
operate using premium unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 91 AKI or
higher. If premium unleaded gasoline is
not available, regular unleaded gasoline
with an octane rating of 87 AKI or higher
may be temporarily used. For optimum
engine performance and driveability, it is
required that you use premium grade
unleaded gasoline.
NOTE
Be sure to use premium unleaded
gasoline of 91 AKI or higher for turbo
engine models. If other gasoline (lower
than 91 AKI) is used, knocking, reduced output and poor accelerator
response will result.
! Fuel octane rating
This octane rating is the average of the
Research Octane and Motor Octane
numbers and is commonly referred to as
the Anti Knock Index (AKI).
Using a gasoline with a lower octane
rating can cause persistent and heavy
knocking, which can damage the engine.
Do not be concerned if your vehicle
sometimes knocks lightly when you drive
up a hill or when you accelerate. Contact
your SUBARU dealer if you use a fuel with
the specified octane rating and your
vehicle knocks heavily or persistently.
! Unleaded gasoline
The neck of the fuel filler pipe is designed
to accept only an unleaded gasoline filler
nozzle. Under no circumstances should
leaded gasoline be used because it will
damage the emission control system and
may impair driveability and fuel economy.
! Gasoline for California-certified
LEV
If your vehicle was certified to California’s
low emission vehicle (LEV) standards as
indicated on the underhood tune-up label,
it is designed to optimize engine and
emission performance with gasoline that
meets the clean burning low-sulfur California gasoline specifications. If you live in
any other state than California, your
vehicle will operate on gasoline meeting
Federal specifications. Gasoline sold outside California is permitted to have higher
sulfur levels, which may affect the performance of your vehicle’s catalytic converter
and may produce a sulfur exhaust odor or
smell. SUBARU recommends that you try
a different brand of unleaded gasoline
having lower sulfur to determine if the
problem is fuel related before returning
your vehicle to an authorized dealer for
service.
! MMT
Some gasoline contains an octane-enhancing additive called MMT (Methylcyclopentadienyl Manganese Tricarbonyl). If
you use such fuels, your emission control
system performance may deteriorate and
the CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this
happens, return to your authorized
SUBARU Dealer for service. If it is
determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not
be covered by your warranty.
Starting and operating 7-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-4 Starting and operating
! Gasoline for cleaner air
Your use of gasoline with detergent
additives will help prevent deposits from
forming in your engine and fuel system.
This helps keep your engine in tune and
your emission control system working
properly, and is a way of doing your part
for cleaner air. If you continuously use a
high quality fuel with the proper detergent
and other additives, you should never
need to add any fuel system cleaning
agents to your fuel tank.
Many gasolines are now blended with
materials called oxygenates. Use of these
fuels can also help keep the air cleaner.
Oxygenated blend fuels, such as MTBE
(Methyl Tertiary Butyl ether) or ethanol
(ethyl or grain alcohol) may be used in
your vehicle, but should contain no more
than 15% MTBE or 10% ethanol for the
proper operation of your SUBARU.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are
now producing reformulated gasolines,
which are designed to reduce vehicle
emissions. SUBARU approves the use of
reformulated gasoline.
If you are not sure what the fuel contains,
you should ask your service station
operators if their gasolines contain detergents and oxygenates and if they have
been reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions.
As additional guidance, only use fuels
suited for your vehicle as explained in the
following description.
. Fuel should be unleaded and have an
octane rating no lower than that specified
in this manual.
. Methanol (methyl or wood alcohol) is
sometimes mixed with unleaded gasoline.
Methanol can be used in your vehicle
ONLY if it does not exceed 5% of the fuel
mixture AND if it is accompanied by
sufficient quantities of the proper cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors required to
prevent damage to the fuel system. Do not
use fuel containing methanol EXCEPT
under these conditions.
. If undesirable driveability problems are
experienced and you suspect they may be
fuel related, try a different brand of gasoline before seeking service at your
SUBARU dealer.
. Fuel system damage or driveability
problems which result from the use of
improper fuel are not covered under the
SUBARU Limited Warranty.
CAUTION
Do not let fuel spill on the exterior
surfaces of the vehicle. Because
fuel may damage the paint, be sure
to wipe off any spilled fuel quickly.
Paint damage caused by spilled fuel
is not covered under the SUBARU
Limited Warranty.
& Fuel filler lid and cap
! Refueling
Only one person should be involved in
refueling. Do not allow others to approach
the area of the vehicle near the fuel filler
pipe while refueling is in progress.
Be sure to observe any other precautions
that are posted at the service station.
Information Provided by:
1. To open the fuel filler lid, pull the lid
release lever up. The lever is on the floor
at the left of the driver’s seat.
WARNING
Before opening the fuel filler cap,
first touch the vehicle body or a
metal portion of the fuel pump or
similar object to discharge any
static electricity that may be present
on your body. If your body is carrying an electrostatic charge, there is
a possibility that an electric spark
could ignite the fuel, which could
burn you. To avoid acquiring a new
static electric charge, do not get
back into the vehicle while refueling
is in progress.
1) Open
2) Close
2. Remove the fuel filler cap by turning it
slowly counterclockwise.
WARNING
. Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. Before refueling, always
first stop the engine and close all
vehicle doors and windows.
Make sure that there are no
lighted cigarettes, open flames
or electrical sparks in the adjacent area. Only handle fuel outdoors. Quickly wipe up any
spilled fuel.
. When opening the cap, grasp it
firmly and turn it slowly to the
left. Do not remove the cap
quickly. Fuel may be under pressure and spray out of the fuel
filler neck, especially in hot
weather. If you hear a hissing
sound while you are removing
the cap, wait for the sound to
stop and then slowly open the
cap to prevent fuel from spraying
out and creating a fire hazard.
3. Hook the cord that is attached to the
fuel filler cap onto the hook inside the fuel
filler lid.
Starting and operating 7-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-6 Starting and operating
WARNING
. When refueling, insert the fuel
nozzle securely into the fuel filler
pipe. If the nozzle is lifted or not
fully inserted, its automatic stopping mechanism may not function, causing fuel to overflow the
tank and creating a fire hazard.
. Stop refueling when the automatic stop mechanism on the
fuel nozzle activates. If you continue to add fuel, temperature
changes or other conditions
may cause fuel to overflow from
the tank and create a fire hazard.
4. Stop filling the tank after the fuel filler
pump automatically stops. Do not add any
more fuel.
5. Put the cap back on, turn it clockwise
until you hear a clicking noise. Be certain
not to catch the tether under the cap while
tightening.
6. Close the fuel filler lid completely.
If you spill any fuel on the painted surface,
rinse it off immediately. Otherwise, the
painted surface could be damaged.
NOTE
. You will see the “ ” sign in the fuel
gauge. This indicates that the fuel filler
door (lid) is located on the right side of
the vehicle.
. If the fuel filler cap is not tightened
until it clicks or if the tether is caught
under the cap, the CHECK ENGINE
warning light/malfunction indicator
lamp may illuminate. Refer to “CHECK
ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator lamp” F3-12.
CAUTION
. Never add any cleaning agents to
the fuel tank. The addition of a
cleaning agent may cause damage to the fuel system.
. After refueling, turn the cap to the
right until it clicks to ensure that
it is fully tightened. If the cap is
not securely tightened, fuel may
leak out while the vehicle is being
driven or fuel spillage could
occur in the event of an accident,
creating a fire hazard.
. Do not let fuel spill on the exterior
surfaces of the vehicle. Because
fuel may damage the paint, be
sure to wipe off any spilled fuel
quickly. Paint damage caused by
spilled fuel is not covered under
the SUBARU Limited Warranty.
. Always use a genuine SUBARU
fuel filler cap. If you use the
wrong cap, it may not fit or have
proper venting and your fuel tank
and emission control system
may be damaged. It could also
lead to fuel spillage and a fire.
. Immediately put fuel in the tank
whenever the low fuel warning
light illuminates. Engine misfires
as a result of an empty tank
could cause damage to the engine.
Information Provided by:
State emission testing (U.S.
only)
At state inspection time, remember to
tell your inspection or service station in
advance not to place your SUBARU
AWD vehicle on a two-wheel dynamometer. Otherwise, serious transmission damage will result.
Some states have started using dynamometers in their state inspection programs
in order to meet their obligation under
federal law to implement stricter vehicle
emission standards to reduce air pollution
from vehicles. A dynamometer is a treadmill or roller-like testing device that allows
your vehicle’s wheels to turn while the
vehicle remains in one place. Depending
on the severity of a state’s air pollution
problems, the states must adopt either a
“basic” or “enhanced” vehicle emission
inspection test. Normally, a portion of the
basic emission test consists of an emission inspector inserting an analyzer probe
into the exhaust pipe of an idling vehicle
for a short period of time. States with more
severe air pollution problems are required
to adopt an enhanced vehicle emission
test. This test simulates actual driving
conditions on a dynamometer and permits
more accurate measurement of tailpipe
emitted pollution than the basic emission
test.
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and states using two-wheel
dynamometers in their emission testing
programs have EXEMPTED SUBARU
AWD vehicles from the portion of the
testing program that involves a two-wheel
dynamometer.
There are some states that use four-wheel
dynamometers in their testing programs.
When properly used, that equipment will
not damage an AWD SUBARU vehicle.
Under no circumstances should the rear
wheels be jacked off the ground, nor
should the driveshaft be disconnected for
state emission testing.
WARNING
Testing of an All-Wheel Drive vehicle
must NEVER be performed on a
single two-wheel dynamometer. Attempting to do so will result in
uncontrolled vehicle movement and
may cause an accident or injuries to
persons nearby.
CAUTION
Resultant vehicle damage due to
improper testing is not covered
under the SUBARU Limited Warranty and is the responsibility of
the state inspection program or its
contractors or licensees.
The EPA has issued regulations for
inspecting the On-Board Diagnostic
(OBD) system as part of the state emissions inspection. The OBD system is
designed to detect engine and transmission problems that might cause vehicle
emissions to exceed allowable limits.
These inspections apply to all 1996 model
year and newer passenger cars and light
trucks. Over 30 states plus the District of
Columbia have implemented the OBD
system inspection.
. The inspection of the OBD system
consists of a visual operational check of
the “CHECK ENGINE” warning light/malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) and an
examination of the OBD system with an
electronic scan tool while the engine is
running.
. A vehicle passes the OBD system
inspection if proper illumination of the
“CHECK ENGINE” warning light/MIL is
observed, there are no stored diagnostic
Starting and operating 7-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-8 Starting and operating
trouble codes, and the OBD system
readiness monitors are complete.
. A vehicle fails the OBD inspection if the
“CHECK ENGINE” warning light/MIL is
not properly operating or there are one or
more diagnostic trouble codes stored in
the vehicle’s computer with the “CHECK
ENGINE” warning light/MIL illuminated.
. A state emission inspection may reject
(not pass or fail) a vehicle if the number of
OBD system readiness monitors “Not
Ready” is greater than one. Under this
condition, the vehicle operator should be
instructed to drive his/her vehicle for a few
days to set the monitors and return for an
emission re-inspection.
. Owners of rejected or failing vehicles
should contact their SUBARU Dealer for
service.
Preparing to drive
You should perform the following checks
and adjustments every day before you
start driving.
1. Check that all windows, mirrors, and
lights are clean and unobstructed.
2. Check the appearance and condition
of the tires. Also check tires for proper
inflation.
3. Look under the vehicle for any sign of
leaks.
4. Check that the hood and rear gate are
fully closed.
5. Check the adjustment of the seat.
6. Check the adjustment of the inside
and outside mirrors.
7. Fasten your seatbelt. Check that your
passengers have fastened their seatbelts.
8. Check the operation of the warning
and indicator lights when the ignition
switch is turned to the “ON” position.
9. Check the gauges, indicator and warning lights after starting the engine.
NOTE
Engine oil, engine coolant, brake fluid,
washer fluid and other fluid levels
should be checked daily, weekly or at
fuel stops.
Starting the engine
CAUTION
Do not operate the starter motor
continuously for more than 10 seconds. If the engine fails to start after
operating the starter for 5 to 10
seconds, wait for 10 seconds or
more before trying again.
& Manual transmission model
1. Apply the parking brake.
2. Turn off unnecessary lights and accessories.
3. Press the clutch pedal to the floor and
shift the shift lever into neutral. Hold the
clutch pedal to the floor while starting the
engine.
The starter motor will only operate when
the clutch pedal is pressed fully to the
floor.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position and check the operation of the
warning and indicator lights. Refer to
“Warning and indicator lights” F3-9.
5. Turn the ignition switch to the “START”
position without depressing the accelerator pedal. Release the key immediately
after the engine has started.
Information Provided by:
If the engine does not start, try the
following.
(1) Turn the ignition switch to the
“OFF” position and wait for at least
10 seconds. After checking that the
parking brake is firmly set, turn the
ignition switch to the “START” position
while depressing the accelerator pedal
slightly (approximately a quarter of the
full stroke). Release the accelerator
pedal as soon as the engine starts.
(2) If this fails to start the engine, turn
the ignition switch back to the “OFF”
position and wait for at least 10
seconds. Then fully depress the accelerator pedal and turn the ignition
switch to the “START” position. If the
engine starts, quickly release the
accelerator pedal.
(3) If this fails to start the engine, turn
the ignition switch again to the “OFF”
position. After waiting for 10 seconds
or longer, turn the ignition switch to the
“START” position without depressing
the accelerator pedal.
(4) If the engine still refuses to start,
contact your nearest SUBARU dealer
for assistance.
6. Confirm that all warning and indicator
lights have gone off after the engine has
started. The fuel injection system automatically lowers the idle speed as the
engine warms up.
NOTE
. The engine may be difficult to start
when the battery has been disconnected and reconnected (for maintenance or other purposes). This difficulty is caused by the electronically
controlled throttle’s self-diagnosis
function. To overcome it, keep the
ignition switch in the “ON” position
for approximately 10 seconds before
starting the engine.
. For non-turbo models, to protect the
engine while the shift lever is in the
neutral position, the engine is controlled so that the engine speed may
not become too high even if the accelerator pedal is depressed hard.
& Automatic transmission
model
1. Apply the parking brake.
2. Turn off unnecessary lights and accessories.
3. Shift the selector lever to the “P” or “N”
position (preferably “P” position).
The starter motor will only operate when
the selector lever is at the “P” or “N”
position.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position and check the operation of the
warning and indicator lights. Refer to
“Warning and indicator lights” F3-9.
5. Turn the ignition switch to the “START”
position without depressing the accelerator pedal. Release the key immediately
after the engine has started.
If the engine does not start, try the
following.
(1) Turn the ignition switch to the
“OFF” position and wait for at least
10 seconds. After checking that the
parking brake is firmly set, turn the
ignition switch to the “START” position
while depressing the accelerator pedal
slightly (approximately a quarter of the
full stroke). Release the accelerator
pedal as soon as the engine starts.
(2) If this fails to start the engine, turn
the ignition switch back to the “OFF”
position and wait for at least 10
seconds. Then fully depress the accelerator pedal and turn the ignition
switch to the “START” position. If the
engine starts, quickly release the
accelerator pedal.
(3) If this fails to start the engine, turn
the ignition switch again to the “OFF”
position. After waiting for 10 seconds
or longer, turn the ignition switch to the
“START” position without depressing
the accelerator pedal.
Starting and operating 7-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-10 Starting and operating
(4) If the engine still refuses to start,
contact your nearest SUBARU dealer
for assistance.
6. Confirm that all warning and indicator
lights have gone out after the engine has
started. The fuel injection system automatically lowers the idle speed as the
engine warms up.
While the engine is warming up, make
sure that the selector lever is at the “P” or
“N” position and that the parking brake is
applied.
CAUTION
If you restart the engine while the
vehicle is moving, shift the selector
lever into the “N” position. Do not
attempt to place the selector lever of
a moving vehicle into the “P” position.
NOTE
. The engine may be difficult to start
when the battery has been disconnected and reconnected (for maintenance or other purposes). This difficulty is caused by the electronically
controlled throttle’s self-diagnosis
function. To overcome it, keep the
ignition switch in the “ON” position
for approximately 10 seconds before
starting the engine.
. For non-turbo models, to protect the
engine while the selector lever is in the
“P” or “N” position, the engine is
controlled so that the engine speed
may not become too high even if the
accelerator pedal is depressed hard.
Stopping the engine
The ignition switch should be turned off
only when the vehicle is stopped and the
engine is idling.
WARNING
Do not stop the engine when the
vehicle is moving. This will cause
loss of power to the power steering
and the brake booster, making steering and braking more difficult. It
could also result in accidental activation of the “LOCK” position on the
ignition switch, causing the steering
wheel to lock.
Information Provided by:
Remote engine start system
(dealer option)
WARNING
. Do not remote start a vehicle in
an enclosed environment (e.g., in
a closed garage). Prolonged operation of a motor vehicle in an
enclosed environment can cause
a harmful build-up of Carbon
Monoxide. Carbon Monoxide is
harmful to your health. Exposure
to high levels of Carbon Monoxide can cause headaches, dizziness or in extreme cases unconsciousness and/or death.
. Before performing any servicing
of the vehicle, temporarily place
the remote engine start system in
service mode to prevent the
system from unexpectedly starting the engine.
& Starting your vehicle
The remote control start system is activated by pressing the “ ” button twice
within 3 seconds on your remote control
transmitter. The system will check certain
pre-conditions before starting, and if all
safety parameters are correct, the engine
will start within 5 seconds. While the
vehicle is operating via remote engine
start, the vehicle’s power window features
will be disabled. Also, the system has a
timer and will shut down after 15 minutes if
you do not operate the vehicle. Press and
hold the “ ” button for 2 seconds again to
turn the vehicle off. If the vehicle’s starter
cranks but does not start or starts and
stalls, the remote engine start system will
power off then attempt to start the vehicle
an additional four times. If the vehicle fails
to start after the additional attempts, the
remote engine start system will abort and
return to a non-activated state.
& Remote start safety features
For safety and security reasons, the
system will fail to start and beep the horn
twice or shut down the engine during
remote start operation if any of the
following conditions occur.
. The brake pedal is pressed before the
vehicle ignition switch is turned “on”.
. The key was already in the ignition
switch.
. The engine hood is opened.
. The vehicle’s engine idle speed has
reached a level over 3,000 rpm.
. The alarm is triggered by opening a
door or the rear gate.
NOTE
. The security indicator light on the
dashboard will stop flashing while
under remote engine start operation,
but the vehicle is still protected.
. If the vehicle is entered during
remote engine start operation, the
system will not record entry in the
alarm history.
Starting and operating 7-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-12 Starting and operating
& Entering the vehicle while it
is running via remote start
1. Unlock the vehicle doors using the
keyless entry system. If the vehicle’s
doors are unlocked manually using the
key, the vehicle’s alarm system will trigger
and the remote engine start system will
turn off. Inserting the key into the ignition
switch and turning it to the “ON” position or
pressing the unlock button “ ” on the
remote keyless entry transmitter will disarm the alarm system. Refer to “Alarm
system” F2-14.
2. Enter the vehicle. Do not depress the
brake pedal.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch
and turn to the “ON” position. If the ignition
switch is accidentally turned to the
“START” position, the system’s “starter
anti-grind” feature will prevent the starter
from re-cranking.
4. Depress the brake pedal. The remote
starter disengages, the vehicle’s power
window features are re-enabled and the
vehicle will operate normally.
& Entering the vehicle following remote engine start shutdown
An alarm trigger may occur if the vehicle is
opened by the remote keyless entry
transmitter within a few seconds immediately following remote engine start shutdown.
& Pre-heating or pre-cooling
the interior of the vehicle
Before exiting the vehicle, set the temperature controls to the desired setting
and operation. After the system starts the
vehicle, the heater or air-conditioning will
activate and heat or cool the interior to
your setting.
& Service mode
In service mode, the remote start function
is temporarily disabled to prevent the
system from unexpectedly starting the
engine while being serviced.
! To engage the service mode
Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position, depress and hold the brake
pedal, then press and release the “ ”
button on the remote control transmitter
three times. The system will pause for 1
second and then flash the turn signal
lights and honk the horn three times
indicating that the system is in service
mode. When attempting to activate the
remote start system while in service
mode, the turn signal lights will flash and
the horn will honk two times and will not
start.
! To disengage the service mode
Turn the ignition switch to the “ON”
position, depress and hold the brake
pedal, then press and release the “ ”
button on the remote control transmitter
three times. The system will pause for 1
second and flash the turn signal lights 1
time indicating that the system has exited
service mode.
NOTE
When taking your vehicle in for service,
it is recommended that you inform the
service personnel that your vehicle is
equipped with a remote control start
system.
& Remote transmitter programming and programmable feature option
New transmitters can be programmed to
the engine starter system in the event that
remote transmitters are lost, stolen or
damaged. The remote engine start system
also has one programmable feature that
can be adjusted for user preference.
The remote engine starter system can be
programmed to either make an audible
horn chirp upon remote start activation or
not. Remote transmitter programming and
Information Provided by:
feature programming can be adjusted
using the following procedure.
1. Open the driver’s door (the driver’s
door must remain opened throughout the
entire process).
2. Insert the key into the vehicle’s ignition
switch and turn to the “ON” position.
3. Locate the small black programming
button behind the fuse box cover, on the
driver’s side left under the dashboard
panel.
4. Press and hold the black programming
button for 10 to 15 seconds. The horn will
honk and the turn signal lights will flash
three times to indicate that the system has
entered programming mode. At this point
you can proceed to either step 5 or step 6.
5. To program a remote transmitter:
press and release the “ ” button on each
transmitter. The horn will honk and the
turn signal lights will flash one time to
indicate a successful transmitter learn
each time the “ ” button is pressed. You
can program up to eight transmitters.
6. To toggle the Horn Confirmation chirps
ON/OFF: press and release the brake to
toggle the feature. The horn will chirp and
the turn signal lights will flash one time to
indicate Confirmation Horn Chirps are
“OFF”. The horn will honk and the turn
signal lights will flash 2 times to indicate
Confirmation Horn Chirps are “ON”.
Pressing the brake pedal repeatedly will
toggle the feature ON or OFF each time.
7. To exit the remote transmitter and
feature programming mode, turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK” position, remove
the key from the ignition switch and test
operation of the remote transmitter(s) and
horn confirmation feature.
& System maintenance
! Changing the remote control batteries
CAUTION
. Do not let dust, oil or water get on
or in the remote engine start
transmitter when replacing the
battery.
. Be careful not to damage the
printed circuit board in the remote engine start transmitter
when replacing the battery.
. Be careful not to allow children to
touch the battery and any removed parts; children could
swallow them.
. There is a danger of explosion if
an incorrect replacement battery
is used. Replace only with the
same or equivalent type of battery.
. Batteries should not be exposed
to excessive heat such as sunshine, fire or the like.
The two 3-volt lithium batteries (model
CR-1220) supplied in your remote control
should last approximately 3 years, depending on usage. When the batteries
begin to weaken, you will notice a
decrease in range (distance from the
vehicle that your remote control operates).
Follow the instructions below to change
the remote control batteries.
Starting and operating 7-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-14 Starting and operating
1. Carefully pry the remote control halves
apart using a small flat-head screwdriver.
2. Remove the circuit board from the
bottom half of the case and slide the white
plastic battery holder out from under the
battery tab releasing the batteries. Remove the old batteries and replace with
new ones. Be sure to observe the (+) sign
on the old batteries before removing them
to ensure that the new batteries are
inserted properly (battery “+” should be
pointed away from the transmitter circuit
board on both batteries).
3. Carefully snap the case halves back
together, then test the remote control.
NOTE
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Information Provided by:
Manual transmission
The manual transmission is a fully synchromeshed, 5-forward-speed and 1-reverse-speed transmission.
The shift pattern is shown on the shift
lever knob. When shifting from 5th gear to
reverse gear, first return the shift lever to
the neutral position then shift into reverse
gear.
To change gears, fully depress the clutch
pedal, move the shift lever, and gradually
let up on the clutch pedal.
If it is difficult to shift into gear, put the
transmission in neutral, release the clutch
pedal momentarily, and then try again.
WARNING
Do not drive the vehicle with the
clutch disengaged (i.e., when the
clutch pedal is depressed) or with
the shift lever in the neutral position.
Engine braking has no effect in
either of these conditions and the
risk of an accident is consequently
increased.
CAUTION
Shift into reverse ONLY when the
vehicle has completely stopped. It
may cause damage to the transmission to try shifting into reverse when
the vehicle is moving.
& Shifting speeds
! Recommended shifting speeds
The best compromise between fuel economy and vehicle performance during
normal driving is ensured by shifting up
at the speeds listed in the following table.
Shift up mph (km/h)
1st to 2nd 15 (24)
2nd to 3rd 25 (40)
3rd to 4th 40 (64)
4th to 5th 45 (72)
! Maximum allowable speeds
The following tables show the maximum
speeds that are possible with each different gear.
Never exceed the speed limit listed in the
following table for each gear position
except for brief acceleration in an emergency. The tachometer’s needle will enter
the red area if these speeds are exceeded. Failure to observe this precaution
can lead to excessive engine wear and
poor fuel economy.
mph (km/h)
1st 30 (49)
2nd 52 (83)
3rd 73 (118)
Starting and operating 7-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-16 Starting and operating
Never exceed the posted speed limit.
WARNING
When shifting down a gear, ensure
that the vehicle is not travelling at a
speed exceeding the Maximum Allowable Speed for the gear which is
about to be selected. Failure to
observe this precaution can lead to
engine over-revving and this in turn
can result in engine damage.
In addition, sudden application of
engine brakes when the vehicle is
travelling on a slippery surface can
lead to wheel locking; as a consequence, control of the vehicle may
be lost and the risk of an accident
increased.
& Driving tips
Do not drive with your foot resting on the
clutch pedal and do not use the clutch to
hold your vehicle at a standstill on an
upgrade. Either of those actions may
cause clutch damage.
Do not drive with your hand resting on the
shift lever. This may cause wear on the
transmission components.
When it is necessary to reduce vehicle
speed due to slow traffic, turning corners,
or driving up steep hills, downshift to a
lower gear before the engine starts to
labor.
On steep downgrades, downshift the
transmission to 4th, 3rd or 2nd gear as
necessary; this helps to maintain a safe
speed and to extend brake pad life.
In this way, the engine provides a braking
effect. Remember, if you “ride” (over use)
the brakes while descending a hill, they
may overheat and not work properly.
The engine may, on rare occasions, knock
when the vehicle rapidly accelerates or
rapidly pulls away from a standstill. This
phenomenon is not an indication of a
problem in your vehicle.
Automatic transmission
The automatic transmission is electronically controlled and provides 4 forward
speeds and 1 reverse speed. Also, it has a
manual mode and a SPORT mode.
WARNING
Do not shift from the “P” or “N”
position into the “D” or “R” position
while depressing the accelerator
pedal. This may cause the vehicle
to jump forward or backward.
CAUTION
. Shift into the “P” or “R” position
only after the vehicle is completely stopped. Shifting while the
vehicle is moving may cause
damage to the transmission.
. Do not race the engine for more
than 5 seconds in any position
except the “N” or “P” position
when the brake is set or when
chocks are used in the wheels.
This may cause the automatic
transmission fluid to overheat.
. Avoid shifting from one of the
forward driving positions into the
Information Provided by:
“R” position or vice versa until
the vehicle has completely
stopped. Such shifting may
cause damage to the transmission.
. When parking the vehicle, first
securely apply the parking brake
and then place the selector lever
in the “P” position. Avoid parking
for a long time with the selector
lever in any other position as
doing so could result in a dead
battery.
NOTE
. When the engine coolant temperature is still low, the automatic transmission will upshift to higher engine
speeds than when the coolant temperature is sufficiently high in order to
shorten the warm-up time and improve
driveability. The gearshift timing will
automatically shift to the normal timing
after the engine has warmed up.
. Immediately after ATF (automatic
transmission fluid) is replaced, you
may feel that the automatic transmission operation is somewhat unusual.
This results from invalidation of data
which the on-board computer has
collected and stored in memory to
allow the transmission to shift at the
most appropriate times for the current
condition of your vehicle. Optimized
shifting will be restored as the vehicle
continues to be driven for a while.
& Selector lever
: Shift possible with brake pedal depressed
: Shift possible with brake pedal not
depressed
The selector lever has four positions, “P”,
“R”, “N”, “D” and also has manual gate for
using “SPORT” mode or manual mode.
! P (Park)
This position is for parking the vehicle and
starting the engine.
In this position, the transmission is mechanically locked to prevent the vehicle
from rolling freely.
When you park the vehicle, first set the
parking brake fully, then shift into the “P”
position. Do not hold the vehicle with only
the transmission.
To shift the selector lever from the “P” to
any other position, you should depress the
brake pedal fully then move the selector
lever. This prevents the vehicle from
lurching when it is started.
! R (Reverse)
This position is for backing the vehicle.
To shift from the “N” to “R” position, stop
the vehicle completely then move the
lever to the “R” position.
When the ignition switch has been turned
to the “LOCK” position, movement of the
selector lever from the “N” position to the
“R” position is possible for a limited time
period by depressing the brake pedal, and
then it becomes impossible. For details,
refer to “Selector lever reverse inhibiting
function” F7-18.
! N (Neutral)
This position is for restarting a stalled
engine.
In this position the wheels and transmission are not locked. In this position, the
Starting and operating 7-17
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-18 Starting and operating
transmission is neutral; the vehicle will roll
freely, even on the slightest incline unless
the parking brake or foot brake is on.
Avoid coasting with the transmission in
neutral.
During coasting, there is no engine braking effect.
NOTE
If the selector lever is in the “N”
position when you stop the engine for
parking, you may not subsequently be
able to move it to the “R” and “P”
positions. If this happens, turn the
ignition switch to the “ON” position.
You will then be able to move the
selector lever to the “P” position.
WARNING
Do not drive the vehicle with the
selector lever in the “N” (neutral)
position. Engine braking has no
effect in this condition and the risk
of an accident is consequently increased.
! D (Drive)
This position is for normal driving.
The transmission automatically shifts into
a suitable gear from 1st to 4th according to
the vehicle speed and the acceleration
you require.
When more acceleration is required in this
position, depress the accelerator pedal
fully to the floor and hold that position. The
transmission will automatically downshift
to 3rd, 2nd or 1st gear. When you release
the pedal, the transmission will return to
the original gear position.
To use the “SPORT”mode, move the lever
from this position into the manual gate. To
use the manual mode, move the lever
from this position into the manual gate
then move it toward the “+” and “−” ends.
! While climbing a grade
When driving up a hill, undesired upshift to
4th gear is prevented from taking place
when the accelerator is released. This
minimizes the chance of subsequent
downshifting to a lower gear when accelerating again. This prevents repeated
upshifting and downshifting resulting in a
smoother operation of the vehicle.
NOTE
The transmission may downshift to 2nd
or 1st gear, depending on the way the
accelerator pedal is pressed to accelerate the vehicle again.
! While going down a hill
When you are descending a hill or any
other slope while braking with the
“SPORT” mode selected, the transmission
may downshift to 3rd or 2nd gear depending on how hard you depress the brake
pedal, causing engine braking to work.
Reacceleration for a short time will cause
the transmission to upshift normally.
NOTE
. A 4th-to-3rd automatic downshift
will not occur at speeds above 50
mph (80 km/h) and a 3rd-to-2nd automatic downshift will not occur at
speeds above 24 mph (38 km/h).
. Automatic downshifts to 3rd or 2nd
may occur even when driving on a level
road depending on conditions, such as
how hard you depress the brake pedal.
& Selector lever reverse inhibiting function
This function prevents accidental movement of the selector lever to the “R”
position while the vehicle is moving.
The function becomes operational when
the vehicle reaches a speed of approximately 6 mph (10 km/h). Once operational, it prevents the selector lever from
being moved from the “N” position to the
Information Provided by:
“R” position. When the vehicle speed
drops below 5 mph (8 km/h), the function
is canceled. The selector lever can then
be moved to the “R” and “P” positions.
When the ignition switch has been turned
to the “LOCK” position, movement of the
selector lever from the “N” position to the
“R” position is possible for a limited time
period by depressing the brake pedal and
then becomes impossible. Also, the selector lever cannot be moved to the “R”
position after it has been placed in the “P”
position and then placed again in the “N”
position.
When the movement of the selector lever
from the “N” position to the “R” position
has become impossible, turn the ignition
switch back to the “ON” position then
move the selector lever to the “P” position.
Pressing the selector lever release button
also makes it possible to move the
selector lever to the “P” position at this
time.
! Selector lever release button
If you inadvertently have turned the ignition switch to the “LOCK” position with the
selector lever in the “N” position, proceed
as follows. By referring to “Shift lock
release” F7-22, remove the shift lock
release cover. Then, with a screwdriver
inserted into the hole, move the selector
lever to the “P” position. If the selector
lever reverse inhibiting function fails, have
the vehicle inspected by the nearest
SUBARU dealer.
& Selection of manual mode
With the vehicle either moving or stationary, move the selector lever from the “D”
position to the manual gate then move it to
the “+” end or “−” end of the manual gate
to select manual mode.
Starting and operating 7-19
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-20 Starting and operating
1) Upshift indicator
2) Downshift indicator
3) Gear position indicator
When manual mode is selected, the gear
position indicator and upshift indicator
and/or downshift indicator on the combination meter illuminate. The gear position
indicator shows the currently selected
gear in the 1st-to-4th-gear range. The
upshift and downshift indicators show
when a gear shift is possible. When the
upshift indicator “ ” is illuminated, upshifting is possible. When the downshift
indicator “ ” is illuminated, downshifting
is possible. When both indicators are
illuminated, upshifting and downshifting
are both possible. When the vehicle stops
(for example, at traffic signals), the downshift indicator turns off.
Gear shifts can be performed by using the
selector lever.
Using the selector lever
Shift to the next-higher gear by briefly
pushing the selector lever toward the “+”
end of the manual gate.
Shift to the next-lower gear by briefly
pulling the selector lever toward the “−”
end of the manual gate.
NOTE
Please read the following points carefully and bear them in mind when using
the manual mode.
. If you attempt to shift down when
the engine speed is too high, i.e., when
a downshift would push the tachometer
needle beyond the red zone, beeps will
be emitted to warn you that the downshift is not possible.
. If you attempt to shift up when the
vehicle speed is too low, the transmission will not respond.
. You can perform a skip-shift (for
example, from 4th to 2nd) by operating
the selector lever twice in rapid succession.
. The transmission automatically selects 1st gear when the vehicle stops
moving.
. If the temperature of the automatic
transmission fluid becomes too high,
the “AT OIL TEMP” warning light will
illuminate and upshifts to 4th gear will
not be possible. Immediately stop the
vehicle in a safe place and let the
engine idle until the warning light turns
off.
& Maximum speeds
WARNING
When down shifting, ensure that the
vehicle is not travelling at a speed
exceeding the Maximum Allowable
Speed for the gear which is about to
be selected. Failure to observe this
precaution can lead to engine overrevving and this in turn can result in
engine damage.
Information Provided by:
In addition, sudden application of
engine braking caused by down
shifting when the vehicle is travelling on a slippery surface can lead
to wheel locking; as a consequence,
control of the vehicle may be lost
and the risk of an accident increased.
The following tables show the maximum
speeds that are possible with each different gear.
When down shifting, it is important to
confirm that the current vehicle speed is
not in excess of the Maximum Allowable
Speed of the gear which is about to be
selected.
Non-turbo models
mph (km/h)
Gear position Manual mode
1 30 (48)
2 63 (101)
3 99 (160)
Turbo models
mph (km/h)
Gear position Manual mode
1 36 (58)
2 66 (106)
3 107 (172)
NOTE
In order to prevent over-revving during
deceleration of the vehicle, the transmission will remain in the current gear
if the speed of the vehicle is in excess
of the Maximum Allowable Speed for
the gear to which the selector lever has
been moved.
& Driving tips
. On a road surface where there is a risk
of wheelspin (for example, a snow- or
gravel-covered road), you can pull away
from a standstill (safely and easily) by first
selecting the 2nd gear of the manual
mode.
. Always apply the foot or parking brake
when the vehicle is stopped in the “D” or
“R” position.
. Always set the parking brake when
parking your vehicle. Do not hold the
vehicle with only the transmission.
. Do not keep the vehicle in a stationary
position on an uphill grade by using the
“D” position. Use the brake instead.
. The engine may, on rare occasions,
knock when the vehicle rapidly accelerates or rapidly pulls away from a standstill.
This phenomenon does not indicate a
problem.
& SPORT mode
SPORT mode is used when power is
needed for rapid acceleration or for uphill
driving. To select this mode, move the
selector lever from the “D” position to the
manual gate.
Starting and operating 7-21
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-22 Starting and operating
When selected, the SPORT mode indicator light on the combination meter will turn
on.
To deselect SPORT mode, move the
selector lever to the “D” position or select
manual mode.
To subsequently reselect SPORT mode,
move the selector lever to the “D” position
and from there to the manual gate.
In this mode, the transmission shifts up at
higher vehicle speeds and shifts down
more responsively than in normal mode.
& Shift lock release
If the selector lever does not move from
the “P” position with the brake pedal
depressed and the ignition switch in the
“ON” position, perform the following steps.
To override the shift lock:
1. Set the parking brake and stop the
engine.
2. Take out the screwdriver from the tool
bag.
3. Remove the cover by prying on the
edge with a flat-head screwdriver.
4. Insert the screwdriver into the hole.
5. Push down on the screwdriver and
move the selector lever from the “P” to the
“N” position.
6. Remove the screwdriver from the hole.
Depress the brake pedal and start the
engine.
Take your vehicle to the nearest SUBARU
dealer immediately to have the system
repaired.
Information Provided by:
Power steering
The power steering system operates only
when the engine is running.
If you lose power steering assist because
the engine stops or the system fails to
function, you can steer but it will take
much more effort.
CAUTION
Do not hold the steering wheel at the
fully locked position left or right for
more than 5 seconds. This may
damage the power steering pump.
NOTE
Right after the engine has been started
and before it has warmed up, you may
hear a noise coming from areas adjacent to the power steering pump which
is located at the right-front area of the
engine compartment. This noise is
normal. It does not indicate power
steering system trouble.
Braking
& Braking tips
WARNING
Never rest your foot on the brake
pedal while driving. This can cause
dangerous overheating of the
brakes and needless wear on the
brake pads and linings.
! When the brakes get wet
When driving in rain or after washing the
vehicle, the brakes may get wet. As a
result, brake stopping distance will be
longer. To dry the brakes, drive the vehicle
at a safe speed while lightly depressing
the brake pedal to heat up the brakes.
! Use of engine braking
Remember to make use of engine braking
in addition to foot braking. When descending a grade, if only the foot brake is used,
the brakes may start working improperly
because of brake fluid overheating,
caused by overheated brake pads. To
help prevent this, shift into a lower gear to
get stronger engine braking.
! Braking when a tire is punctured
Do not depress the brake pedal suddenly
when a tire is punctured. This could cause
a loss of control of the vehicle. Keep
driving straight ahead while gradually
reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the
road to a safe place.
& Brake system
! Two separate circuits
Your vehicle has two separate circuit
brake systems. Each circuit works diagonally across the vehicle. If one circuit of
the brake system should fail, the other half
of the system still works. If one circuit fails,
the brake pedal will go down much closer
to the floor than usual and you will need to
press it down much harder. And a much
longer distance will be needed to stop the
vehicle.
! Brake booster
The brake booster uses engine manifold
vacuum to assist braking force. Do not
turn off the engine while driving because
that will turn off the brake booster, resulting in poor braking power.
The brakes will continue to work even
when the brake booster completely stops
functioning. If this happens, however, you
will have to push the pedal much harder
than normal and the braking distance will
increase.
Starting and operating 7-23
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-24 Starting and operating
! Brake assist system
WARNING
Do not be overconfident about the
brake assist. It is not a system that
brings more braking ability to the
vehicle beyond its braking capability. Always use the utmost care
when driving regarding vehicle
speed and safe distance.
CAUTION
When you need to brake suddenly,
continue depressing the brake pedal
strongly to bring the effect of the
brake assist.
Brake assist is a driver assistance system.
It assists the brake power when the driver
cannot depress the brake pedal strongly
and the brake power is insufficient.
Brake assist generates the brake power
according to the speed at which the driver
depresses the brake pedal.
NOTE
When you depress the brake pedal
strongly or suddenly, the following
phenomena occur. However, even
though these occur, they do not indicate any malfunctions, and the brake
assist system is operating properly.
. You might feel that the brake pedal
is applied by lighter force and generates a greater braking force.
. You might hear clicking (knocking)
sounds around brake pedal.
& Disc brake pad wear warning
indicators
The disc brake pad wear warning indicators on the disc brakes give a warning
noise when the brake pads are worn.
If a squeaking or scraping noise is heard
from the disc brakes while braking, immediately have your vehicle checked by
your SUBARU dealer.
ABS (Anti-lock Brake System)
The ABS system prevents the lock-up of
wheels which may occur during sudden
braking or braking on slippery road surfaces. This helps prevent the loss of
steering control and directional stability
caused by wheel lock-up.
When the ABS system is operating, you
may hear a chattering noise or feel a slight
vibration in the brake pedal. This is normal
when the ABS operates.
The ABS system will not operate when the
vehicle speed is below approximately 6
mph (10 km/h).
WARNING
Always use the utmost care in
driving – overconfidence because
you are driving with an ABS
equipped vehicle could easily lead
to a serious accident.
CAUTION
. The ABS system does not always
decrease stopping distance. You
should always maintain a safe
following distance from other
Information Provided by:
vehicles.
. When driving on badly surfaced
roads, gravel roads, icy roads, or
over deep newly fallen snow,
stopping distances may be longer for a vehicle with the ABS
system than one without. When
driving under these conditions,
therefore, reduce your speed and
leave ample distance from other
vehicles.
. When you feel the ABS system
operating, you should maintain
constant brake pedal pressure.
Do not pump the brake pedal
since doing so may defeat the
operation of the ABS system.
& ABS system self-check
Just after the vehicle is started, you may
feel on the brake pedal a vibration similar
to when the ABS operates, and you may
also hear the sound of the ABS working
from the engine compartment. This is
caused by an automatic functional test of
the ABS system being carried out and
does not indicate any abnormal condition.
& ABS warning light
The ABS warning light illuminates when
the ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position and turns off after approximately 2
seconds.
This is an indication that the ABS system
is working properly.
When driving with an insufficient battery
voltage such as when the engine is jump
started, the ABS warning light may illuminate. This is due to the low battery voltage
and does not indicate a malfunction.
When the battery becomes fully charged,
the light will turn off.
CAUTION
If the warning light behaves as
described below, the ABS system
may not be working properly.
When the warning light is on, the
ABS function shuts down; however,
the conventional brake system continues to operate normally.
. The warning light does not illuminate when the ignition switch
is turned to the “ON” position.
. The warning light illuminates
when the ignition switch is
turned to the “ON” position, but
it does not turn off even when the
vehicle speed exceeds approximately 8 mph (12 km/h).
. The warning light illuminates during driving.
If these occur, have the ABS system
repaired at the first available opportunity by your SUBARU dealer.
Starting and operating 7-25
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Information Provided by:
7-26 Starting and operating
NOTE
If the warning light behavior is as
described below, the ABS system may
be considered normal.
. The warning light illuminates right
after the engine is started but turns off
immediately, remaining off.
. The warning light remains on after
the engine has been started, but it
turns off when the vehicle speed
reaches approximately 8 mph (12
km/h).
. The warning light illuminates during
driving, but it turns off immediately and
remains off.
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD) system
The EBD system maximizes the effectiveness of the brakes by allowing the rear
brakes to supply a greater proportion of
the braking force. It functions by adjusting
the distribution of braking force to the rear
wheels in accordance with the vehicle’s
loading condition and speed.
The EBD system is an integral part of the
ABS system and uses some of the ABS
system’s components to perform its function of optimizing the distribution of braking force. If any of the ABS components
used by the EBD system malfunction, the
EBD system also stops working.
When the EBD system is operating, you
may hear a chattering noise or feel a slight
vibration in the brake pedal. This is normal
and does not indicate a malfunction.
& Steps to take if EBD system
malfunctions
If a malfunction occurs in the EBD system,
the system stops working and the brake
system warning light and ABS warning
light illuminate simultaneously.
The EBD system may be malfunctioning if
the brake system warning light and ABS
warning light illuminate simultaneously
during driving.
Even if the EBD system malfunctions, the
conventional braking system will still function. However, the rear wheels will be
more prone to locking when the brakes
are applied harder than usual and the
vehicle’s motion may therefore become
somewhat harder to control.
If the brake system warning light and ABS
Information Provided by:
warning light illuminate simultaneously,
take the following steps.
1. Stop the vehicle in the nearest safe,
flat location.
2. Shut down the engine, apply the
parking brake, and then restart it.
3. Release the parking brake. If both
warning lights turn off, the EBD system
may be malfunctioning. Drive carefully to
the nearest SUBARU dealer and have the
system inspected.
4. If both warning lights illuminate again
and stay illuminated after the engine has
been restarted, shut down the engine
again, apply the parking brake, and check
the brake fluid level. Refer to “Brake fluid”
F11-25.
5. If the brake fluid level is not below the
“MIN” mark, the EBD system may be
malfunctioning. Drive carefully to the
nearest SUBARU dealer and have the
system inspected.
6. If the brake fluid level is below the
“MIN” mark, DO NOT drive the vehicle.
Instead, have the vehicle towed to the
nearest SUBARU dealer for repair.
WARNING
. Driving with the brake system
warning light illuminated is dangerous. This indicates your brake
system may not be working
properly. If the light remains on,
have the brakes inspected by a
SUBARU dealer immediately.
. If at all in doubt about whether
the brakes are operating properly, do not drive the vehicle.
Have your vehicle towed to the
nearest SUBARU dealer for repair.
Vehicle Dynamics Control
system
WARNING
Always use the utmost care in
driving – overconfidence because
you are driving with a Vehicle Dynamics Control system equipped
vehicle could easily lead to a serious accident.
CAUTION
. Even if your vehicle is equipped
with Vehicle Dynamics Control
system, winter tires should be
used when driving on snow-covered or icy roads; in addition,
vehicle speed should be reduced
considerably. Simply having a
Vehicle Dynamics Control system does not guarantee that the
vehicle will be able to avoid
accidents in any situation.
. Activation of the Vehicle Dynamics Control system is an
indication that the road being
travelled on has a slippery surface; since having Vehicle Dynamics Control is no guarantee
Starting and operating 7-27
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-28 Starting and operating
that full vehicle control will be
maintained at all times and under
all conditions, its activation
should be seen as a sign that
the speed of the vehicle should
be reduced considerably.
. Whenever suspension components, steering components, or
an axle are removed from a
vehicle equipped with Vehicle
Dynamics Control system, have
an inspection of that system
performed by an authorized
SUBARU dealer.
. The following precautions should
be observed in order to ensure
that the Vehicle Dynamics Control system is operating properly:
– All four wheels should be
fitted with tires of the same
size, type, and brand. Furthermore, the amount of wear
should be the same for all
four tires.
– Keep the tire pressure at the
proper level as shown on the
vehicle placard attached to
the driver’s side door pillar.
– Use only the specified temporary spare tire to replace a
flat tire. With a temporary
spare tire, the effectiveness of
the Vehicle Dynamics Control
system is reduced and this
should be taken into account
when driving the vehicle in
such a condition.
In the event of wheelspin and/or skidding
on a slippery road surface and/or during
cornering and/or an evasive maneuver,
the Vehicle Dynamics Control system
adjusts the engine’s output and the
wheels’ respective braking forces to help
maintain traction and directional control.
. Traction Control Function
The traction control function is designed to
prevent spinning of the driving wheels on
slippery road surfaces, thereby helping to
maintain traction and directional control.
Activation of this function is shown by
steady illumination of the Vehicle Dynamics Control operation indicator light.
. Skid Suppression Function
The skid suppression function is designed
to help maintain directional stability by
suppressing the wheels’ tendency to slide
sideways during steering operations. Activation of this function is shown by flashing
of the Vehicle Dynamics Control operation
indicator light.
NOTE
. Slight twitching of the brake pedal
may be felt when the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system operates; a small degree of vehicle or steering wheel shaking may also be noticed in this situation. These are normal characteristics
of Vehicle Dynamics Control operation
and are no cause for alarm.
. When driving off immediately after
starting the engine, a short-lived operation noise may be noticed coming from
the engine compartment. This noise is
generated as a result of a check being
performed on the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system and is normal.
. Depending on the timing of activation of the brakes, the brake pedal may
seem to jolt when you drive off after
starting the engine. This is a consequence of the Vehicle Dynamics Control operational check and is normal.
. In the circumstances listed in the
following, the vehicle may be more
unstable than it feels to the driver.
The Vehicle Dynamics Control System
may therefore operate. Such operation
does not indicate a system fault.
– on gravel-covered or rutted
roads
– on unfinished roads
– when the vehicle is fitted with
Information Provided by:
snow tires or winter tires
. Activation of the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system will cause operation of
the steering wheel to feel slightly
different compared to that for normal
conditions.
. Even if the vehicle is equipped with
a Vehicle Dynamics Control system, it
is important that winter tires be used
when driving on snow-covered or icy
roads. (All four wheels should be fitted
with tires of the same size and brand.)
. It is always important to reduce
speed when approaching a corner,
even if the vehicle is equipped with
Vehicle Dynamics Control.
. All four wheels should be fitted with
tires of the same size, type, and brand;
furthermore, the amount of wear
should be the same for all four tires. If
these precautions are not observed
and non-matching tires are used, it is
quite possible that the Vehicle Dynamics Control system will be unable
to operate correctly as intended.
. Always turn off the engine before
replacing a tire as failure to do so may
render the Vehicle Dynamics Control
system unable to operate correctly.
& Vehicle Dynamics Control
system monitor
! Vehicle Dynamics Control operation indicator light
The indicator light illuminates when the
ignition switch is turned to the ON position;
it turns off approximately 2 seconds later.
This indicator light flashes during activation of the skid suppression function and is
illuminated steadily during activation of the
traction control function.
The following two situations could indicate
a malfunction of the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system; if either should occur,
have an authorized SUBARU dealer carry
out an inspection of that system at the first
available opportunity.
. The indicator light does not illuminate
when the ignition switch is turned to the
ON position.
. The indicator light does not turn off
approximately 2 seconds after the ignition
switch has been turned to the ON position.
! Vehicle Dynamics Control warning
light/Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF
indicator light
This single light has the function of
indicating malfunctions in the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system and the function
of indicating that the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system is not operating. It illuminates in the event of a malfunction in the
system and is illuminated whenever the
system is not operating.
Starting and operating 7-29
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-30 Starting and operating
! Vehicle Dynamics Control warning
light
The warning light illuminates when the
ignition switch is turned to the “ON”
position and turns off several seconds
after engine startup. This lighting pattern
indicates that the Vehicle Dynamics Control system is operating normally.
The following situations could indicate a
malfunction of the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system; if any should occur, have
an authorized SUBARU dealer carry out
an inspection of the system at the first
available opportunity.
. The warning light does not turn on
when the ignition switch is turned to the
ON position.
. The warning light turns on while the
vehicle is being driven.
. When a malfunction has occurred in
the Vehicle Dynamics Control electrical
system, only the warning light will turn on.
In such an event, the ABS will still be
operating normally.
. The warning light will also turn on when
a problem occurs with the ABS or Vehicle
Dynamics Control electronic control systems.
Because the Vehicle Dynamics Control
system controls each brake through the
ABS, whenever the ABS stops operating
due to a malfunction in that electrical
system, the Vehicle Dynamics Control will
also become unable to control all four
brakes. Thus Vehicle Dynamics Control
system operation halts and the warning
light turns on. Although both the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system and the ABS
will be inoperable in this situation, it will
still be possible to stop the vehicle using
normal braking. The Vehicle Dynamics
Control system and the ABS do not
adversely affect operation of the vehicle
in any way when they are inoperable;
however should such a situation occur,
drive with care and have an authorized
SUBARU dealer carry out an inspection of
those systems at the first available opportunity.
NOTE
When the warning light turns on and off
in the following way, it indicates that
the Vehicle Dynamics Control system
is operating normally.
. Although turning on after the engine
has been started, the warning light
quickly turns off and stays off.
. The warning light turns on when the
vehicle is being driven; it then turns off
and stays off.
! Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF indicator light
This light illuminates to indicate that the
Vehicle Dynamics Control system is in
non-operation mode. This does not constitute failure of the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system.
NOTE
. The indicator light may remain on
for a while after the engine has been
started, especially in cold weather. This
occurs because the engine has not yet
warmed up and is completely normal.
The light will turn off when the engine
has reached a suitable operating temperature.
. When an engine problem occurs
and the CHECK ENGINE warning light/
malfunction indicator lamp turns on,
the indicator light will also illuminate.
The following two situations could indicate
malfunction of the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system; if either should occur,
have an authorized SUBARU dealer carry
out an inspection of that system at the first
available opportunity.
. The indicator light does not turn on
when the ignition switch is turned to the
ON position.
. The indicator light fails to turn off after
the engine is started, even when several
Information Provided by:
minutes have passed to allow the engine
to heat up sufficiently.
& Vehicle Dynamics Control
OFF switch
Pressing the switch to deactivate the
Vehicle Dynamics Control system can
facilitate the following operations:
. a standing start on a steeply sloping
road with a snowy, gravel-covered, or
otherwise slippery surface
. extrication of the vehicle when its
wheels are stuck in mud or deep snow
When the switch is pressed during engine
operation, the “ ” indicator light on the
combination meter illuminates. The Vehicle Dynamics Control system will be
deactivated and the vehicle will behave
like a model not equipped with the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system. When the
switch is pressed again to reactivate the
Vehicle Dynamics Control system, the “ ”
indicator light turns off.
With the Vehicle Dynamics Control system
deactivated, traction and stability enhancement offered by Vehicle Dynamics
Control system is unavailable. Therefore
you should not deactivate the Vehicle
Dynamics Control system except under
above-mentioned situations.
NOTE
. When the switch has been pressed
to deactivate the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system, the Vehicle Dynamics
Control system automatically reactivates itself the next time the ignition
switch is turned to the “LOCK” position
and the engine is restarted.
. If the switch is held down for 10
seconds or longer, the indicator light
turns off, the Vehicle Dynamics Control
system is activated, and the system
ignores any further pressing of the
switch. To make the switch usable
again, turn the ignition switch to the
“LOCK” position and restart the engine.
. When the switch is pressed to
deactivate the Vehicle Dynamics Control system, the vehicle’s running performance is comparable with that of a
vehicle that does not have a Vehicle
Dynamics Control system. Do not deactivate the Vehicle Dynamics Control
system except when absolutely necessary.
Starting and operating 7-31
Information Provided by:
7-32 Starting and operating
Tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS) (U.S.-spec.
models)
The tire pressure monitoring system provides the driver with a warning message
by sending a signal from a sensor that is
installed in each wheel when tire pressure
is severely low.
The tire pressure monitoring system will
activate only when the vehicle is driven at
speeds above 20 mph (32 km/h). Also,
this system may not react immediately to a
sudden drop in tire pressure (for example,
a blow-out caused by running over a
sharp object).
WARNING
If the low tire pressure warning light
illuminates while driving, never
brake suddenly and keep driving
straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the
road to a safe place. Otherwise an
accident involving serious vehicle
damage and serious personal injury
could occur.
Check the pressure for all four tires
and adjust the pressure to the COLD
tire pressure shown on the tire
placard on the door pillar on the
driver’s side.
Even when the vehicle is driven a
very short distance, the tires get
warm and their pressures increase
accordingly. Be sure to let the tires
cool thoroughly before adjusting
their pressures to the standard
values shown on the tire placard.
Refer to “Tires and wheels” F11-31.
The tire pressure monitoring system
does not function when the vehicle
is stationary. After adjusting the tire
pressures, increase the vehicle
speed to at least 20 mph (32 km/h)
to start the TPMS re-checking of the
tire inflation pressures. If the tire
pressures are now above the severe
low pressure threshold, the low tire
pressure warning light should turn
off a few minutes later.
If this light still illuminates while
driving after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire may have significant
damage and a fast leak that causes
the tire to lose air rapidly. If you have
a flat tire, replace it with a spare tire
as soon as possible.
When a spare tire is mounted or a
wheel rim is replaced without the
original pressure sensor/transmitter
being transferred, the low tire pressure warning light will illuminate
steadily after blinking for approximately 1 minute. This indicates the
TPMS is unable to monitor all four
road wheels. Contact your SUBARU
dealer as soon as possible for tire
and sensor replacement and/or system resetting.
Do not inject any tire liquid or
aerosol tire sealant into the tires,
as this may cause a malfunction of
the tire pressure sensors. If the light
illuminates steadily after blinking for
approximately 1 minute, promptly
contact a SUBARU dealer to have
the system inspected.
Information Provided by:
CAUTION
Do not place metal film or any metal
parts in the cargo room/trunk. This
may cause poor reception of the
signals from the tire pressure sensors, and the tire pressure monitoring system will not function properly.
NOTE
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Parking your vehicle
& Parking brake
To set the parking brake, depress the
brake pedal firmly and hold it down until
the parking brake lever is fully pulled up.
To release the parking brake, pull the lever
up slightly, press the release button, then
lower the lever while keeping the button
pressed.
When the parking brake is set while the
engine is running, the parking brake
warning light illuminates. After starting
the vehicle, be sure that the warning light
has gone out before the vehicle is driven.
Refer to “Brake system warning light” F317.
CAUTION
Never drive while the parking brake
is set because this will cause unnecessary wear on the brake linings. Before starting to drive, always
make sure that the parking brake
has been fully released.
& Parking tips
When parking your vehicle, always set the
parking brake firmly and put the shift lever
in the “1” (1st) for an upgrade or “R”
(Reverse) for a downgrade for manual
transmission vehicles, or in the “P” (Park)
position for automatic transmission vehicles. Always set the parking brake firmly
when parking your vehicle. Never rely on
the transmission alone to hold the vehicle.
Starting and operating 7-33
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-34 Starting and operating
When parking on a hill, always turn the
steering wheel. When the vehicle is
headed up the hill, the front wheels should
be turned away from the curb.
When facing downhill, the front wheels
should be turned into the curb.
WARNING
. Never leave unattended children
or pets in the vehicle. They could
accidentally injure themselves or
others through inadvertent operation of the vehicle. Also, on
hot or sunny days, the temperature in a closed vehicle could
quickly become high enough to
cause severe or possibly fatal
injuries to people.
. Do not park the vehicle over
flammable materials such as dry
grass, waste paper or rags, as
they may burn easily if they come
near hot engine or exhaust system parts.
. Be sure to stop the engine if you
take a nap in the vehicle. If
engine exhaust gas enters the
passenger compartment, occupants in the vehicle could die
from carbon monoxide (CO) contained in the exhaust gas.
CAUTION
If your vehicle has a front underspoiler and rear underspoiler (both
optional), pay attention to blocks
and other obstructions on the
ground when parking. The underspoilers could be damaged by contact with them.
Information Provided by:
Hill start assist system (MT
vehicles)
CAUTION
The Hill start assist system is a
device only for helping the driver
to START the vehicle on an uphill
grade. To prevent accidents when
the vehicle is parked on a slope, be
sure to firmly set the parking brake.
When setting the parking brake,
make sure that the vehicle remains
stationary when the clutch pedal is
released.
The Hill start assist system is a device to
make starting on an uphill grade easier.
On an uphill grade, when the clutch pedal
is depressed while the brake pedal is also
depressed, braking power is maintained
temporarily by the Hill start assist system
when the brake pedal is released. The
driver is therefore able to start the vehicle
the same way as on a level grade, just
using the clutch and accelerator pedal.
The Hill start assist system does not
operate when the vehicle is facing downhill. And the Hill start assist system may
not operate on slight grades.
When starting in reverse and using the Hill
start assist system, a braking effect may
be felt even after the brake pedal has
been released. However, this braking
effect should disappear once the clutch
pedal is released.
A slight jolt may be felt when the vehicle
begins to move forward after being reversed.
If the braking power of the Hill start assist
system is insufficient after the brake pedal
is released, apply more braking power by
pressing the brake pedal again.
Starting and operating 7-35
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-36 Starting and operating
& Hill start assist warning light
When the ignition switch is turned to the
“ON” position, the Hill start assist warning
light illuminates and turns off after approximately 2 seconds. While the engine is
rotating, if any malfunction is detected in
the Hill start assist system control, the
warning light will illuminate. If the warning
light illuminates, have the vehicle inspected by your SUBARU dealer.
Cruise control
Cruise control enables you to maintain a
constant vehicle speed without holding
your foot on the accelerator pedal and it is
operative when the vehicle speed is 25
mph (40 km/h) or more. Make sure the
main switch is turned “OFF” when the
cruise control is not in use to avoid
unintentionally setting the cruise control.
NOTE
If you press the main switch button
while turning the ignition switch “ON”,
the cruise control function is deactivated and the “CRUISE” indicator light
flashes. To reactivate the cruise control
function, turn the ignition switch back
to the “Acc” or “LOCK” position, and
then turn it again to the “ON” position.
WARNING
Do not use the cruise control under
any of the following conditions. This
may cause loss of vehicle control:
. driving up or down a steep grade
. driving on slippery or winding
roads
. driving in heavy traffic
& To set cruise control
1. Push the “CRUISE” main switch button.
The “ ” indicator light on the combination meter will illuminate.
Information Provided by:
2. Depress the accelerator pedal until the
vehicle reaches the desired speed.
3. Push the “SET/COAST” button and
release it. Then release the accelerator
pedal.
At this time, the “ ” indicator light on the
combination meter will illuminate.
The vehicle will maintain the desired
speed.
Vehicle speed can be temporarily increased while driving with the cruise
control activated. Simply depress the
accelerator pedal to accelerate the vehicle. When the accelerator pedal is released, the vehicle will return to and
maintain the previous cruising speed.
& To temporarily cancel the
cruise control
The cruise control can be temporarily
canceled in the following ways:
. Push the “CANCEL” button.
. Depress the brake pedal.
. Depress the clutch pedal (MT models
only).
. Shift the selector lever into the “N”
position (AT models only).
. Shift the shift lever into neutral position
(MT models only).
The “ ” indicator light on the combination meter turns off when the cruise control
is canceled.
To resume the cruise control after it has
been temporarily canceled and with vehicle speed of approximately 20 mph (32
km/h) or more, push the “RES/ACC”
button to return to the original cruising
speed automatically.
The “ ” indicator light on the combination meter will automatically illuminate at
this time.
Starting and operating 7-37
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
7-38 Starting and operating
& To turn off the cruise control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise
control:
. Push the “CRUISE” main switch button
again.
. Turn the ignition switch to the “Acc” or
“LOCK” position (but only when the
vehicle is completely stopped).
& To change the cruising speed
! To increase the speed (by button)
Push the “RES/ACC” button and hold it
until the vehicle reaches the desired
speed. Then, release the button. The
vehicle speed at that moment will be
memorized and treated as the new set
speed.
When the difference between the actual
vehicle speed and the set speed is less
than 4 mph (6.8 km/h), the set speed can
be increased 1 mph (1.6 km/h) each time
by pressing the “RES/ACC” button quickly.
! To increase the speed (by accelerator pedal)
1. Depress the accelerator pedal to
accelerate the vehicle to the desired
speed.
2. Push the “SET/COAST” button once.
Now the desired speed is set and the
vehicle will keep running at that speed
without depressing the accelerator pedal.
NOTE
If the difference between the actual
vehicle speed when the button is
pushed and the speed last time you
set is less than 4 mph (6.8 km/h), the
vehicle speed will be lowered by 1 mph
(1.6 km/h). This occurs because the
cruise control system unit regards this
operation as that intended to decrease
the vehicle speed.
! To decrease the speed (by button)
Push the “SET/COAST” button and hold it
until the vehicle reaches the desired
speed. Then, release the button. The
vehicle speed at that moment will be
memorized and treated as the new set
speed.
When the difference between the actual
vehicle speed and the set speed is less
than 4 mph (6.8 km/h), the set speed can
be lowered 1 mph (1.6 km/h) each time by
pressing the “SET/COAST” button quickly.
Information Provided by:
! To decrease the speed (by brake
pedal)
1. Depress the brake pedal to release
cruise control temporarily.
2. When the speed decreases to the
desired speed, press the “SET/COAST”
button once. Now the desired speed is set
and the vehicle will keep running at that
speed without depressing the accelerator
pedal.
& Cruise control indicator light
The cruise control indicator light illuminates when the ignition switch is turned to
the “ON” position and turns off after
approximately 3 seconds.
The light illuminates when the “CRUISE”
main switch is pressed.
NOTE
. If you press the “CRUISE” main
switch button while turning the ignition
switch “ON”, the cruise control function is deactivated and the cruise
control indicator light flashes. To reactivate the cruise control function,
turn the ignition switch back to the
“Acc” or “LOCK” position, and then
turn it again to the “ON” position.
. If this indicator light and the CHECK
ENGINE warning light/malfunction indicator lamp flash simultaneously during driving, have the vehicle checked
by your nearest SUBARU dealer.
& Cruise control set indicator
light
The cruise control set indicator light
illuminates when the ignition switch is
turned to the “ON” position and turns off
after approximately 3 seconds.
The light illuminates when vehicle speed
has been set.
Starting and operating 7-39
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
New vehicle break-in driving – the first
1,000 miles (1,600 km) ..................................... 8-2
Fuel economy hints ............................................ 8-2
Engine exhaust gas (carbon monoxide)............ 8-2
Catalytic converter .............................................. 8-3
Periodic inspections ........................................... 8-4
Driving in foreign countries ............................... 8-4
Driving tips for AWD models.............................. 8-5
On-pavement and off-road driving..................... 8-6
Winter driving ...................................................... 8-8
Operation during cold weather............................. 8-8
Driving on snowy and icy roads .......................... 8-9
Corrosion protection .......................................... 8-10
Snow tires ......................................................... 8-10
Tire chains......................................................... 8-11
Rocking the vehicle............................................ 8-11
Loading your vehicle......................................... 8-11
Vehicle capacity weight...................................... 8-12
GVWR and GAWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
and Gross Axle Weight Rating) ........................ 8-13
Roof rail (if equipped) ........................................ 8-13
Roof molding and crossbar (if equipped)............ 8-14
Trailer hitch (dealer option)............................... 8-15
Connecting a trailer ........................................... 8-16
When you do not tow a trailer ............................ 8-17
Trailer towing ..................................................... 8-17
Warranties and maintenance .............................. 8-17
Maximum load limits .......................................... 8-18
Trailer hitches.................................................... 8-21
Connecting a trailer ........................................... 8-21
Trailer towing tips .............................................. 8-23
Driving tips
8
Information Provided by:
8-2 Driving tips
New vehicle break-in driving
– the first 1,000 miles (1,600
km)
The performance and long life of your
vehicle are dependent on how you handle
and care for your vehicle while it is new.
Follow these instructions during the first
1,000 miles (1,600 km):
. Do not race the engine. And do not
allow engine speed to exceed 4,000 rpm
except in an emergency.
. Do not drive at one constant engine or
vehicle speed for a long time, either fast or
slow.
. Avoid starting suddenly and rapid
acceleration, except in an emergency.
. Avoid hard braking, except in an
emergency.
The same break-in procedures should be
applied to an overhauled engine, newly
mounted engine or when brake pads or
brake linings are replaced with new ones.
Fuel economy hints
The following suggestions will help to save
fuel.
. Select the proper gear position for the
speed and road conditions.
. Avoid sudden acceleration or deceleration. Always accelerate gently until you
reach the desired speed. Then try to
maintain that speed for as long as
possible.
. Do not pump the accelerator and avoid
racing the engine.
. Avoid unnecessary engine idling.
. Keep the engine properly tuned.
. Keep the tires inflated to the correct
pressure shown on the tire placard, which
is located under the door latch on the
driver’s side. Low pressure will increase
tire wear and fuel consumption.
. Use the air conditioner only when
necessary.
. Keep the front and rear wheels in
proper alignment.
. Avoid carrying unnecessary luggage or
cargo.
Engine exhaust gas (carbon
monoxide)
WARNING
. Never inhale engine exhaust gas.
Engine exhaust gas contains
carbon monoxide, a colorless
and odorless gas which is dangerous, or even lethal, if inhaled.
. Always properly maintain the engine exhaust system to prevent
engine exhaust gas from entering the vehicle.
. Never run the engine in a closed
space, such as a garage, except
for the brief time needed to drive
the vehicle in or out of it.
. Avoid remaining in a parked
vehicle for a lengthy time while
the engine is running. If that is
unavoidable, then use the ventilation fan to force fresh air into
the vehicle.
. Always keep the front ventilator
inlet grille free from snow, leaves
or other obstructions to ensure
that the ventilation system always works properly.
. If at any time you suspect that
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exhaust fumes are entering the
vehicle, have the problem
checked and corrected as soon
as possible. If you must drive
under these conditions, drive
only with all windows fully open.
. Keep the rear gate closed while
driving to prevent exhaust gas
from entering the vehicle.
NOTE
Due to the expansion and contraction
of the metals used in the manufacture
of the exhaust system, you may hear a
crackling sound coming from the exhaust system for a short time after the
engine has been shut off. This sound is
normal.
Catalytic converter
Turbo models
Non-turbo models
The catalytic converter is installed in the
exhaust system. It serves as a catalyst to
reduce HC, CO and NOx in exhaust
gases, thus providing cleaner exhaust.
To avoid damage to the catalytic converter:
. Use only unleaded fuel. Even a small
amount of leaded fuel will damage the
catalytic converter.
. Never start the engine by pushing or
pulling the vehicle.
. Avoid racing the engine.
. Never turn off the ignition switch while
the vehicle is moving.
. Keep your engine tuned-up. If you feel
the engine running rough (misfiring, backfiring or incomplete combustion), have
your vehicle checked and repaired by an
authorized SUBARU dealer.
. Do not apply undercoating or rust
prevention treatment to the heat shield of
catalytic converter and the exhaust system.
. Do not drive with an extremely low fuel
level.
WARNING
. Avoid fire hazards. Do not drive
or park the vehicle anywhere
near flammable materials (e.g.,
grass, paper, rags or leaves),
because the catalytic converter
Driving tips 8-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-4 Driving tips
operates at very high temperatures.
. Keep everyone and flammable
materials away from the exhaust
pipe while the engine is running.
The exhaust gas is very hot.
Periodic inspections
To keep your vehicle in the best condition
at all times, always have the recommended maintenance services listed in
the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet” performed at the specified time or mileage
intervals.
Driving in foreign countries
When planning to use your vehicle in
another country:
. Confirm the availability of the correct
fuel. Refer to “Fuel requirements” F7-3.
. Comply with all regulations and requirements of each country.
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Driving tips for AWD models
All-Wheel Drive distributes the engine
power to all four wheels. AWD models
provide better traction when driving on
slippery, wet or snow-covered roads and
when moving out of mud, dirt and sand.
By shifting power between the front and
rear wheels, SUBARU AWD can also
provide added traction during acceleration
and added engine braking force during
deceleration.
Therefore, your SUBARU AWD model
may handle differently than an ordinary
two wheel drive vehicle and it contains
some features unique to AWD. For safety
purposes as well as to avoid damaging
the AWD system, you should keep the
following tips in mind:
. An AWD model is better able to climb
steeper roads under snowy or slippery
conditions than a two wheel drive vehicle.
There is little difference in handling,
however, during extremely sharp turns or
sudden braking. Therefore, when driving
down a slope or turning corners, be sure
to reduce your speed and maintain an
ample distance from other vehicles.
. When replacing a tire, make sure you
use only the same size, construction,
brand, and load range as the original tires
listed on the tire placard. Using other
sizes, circumference or construction may
result in severe mechanical damage to the
drive train of your vehicle and may affect
ride, handling, braking, speedometer/odometer calibration, and clearance between the body and tires. It also may be
dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle
control.
. If you use a temporary spare tire to
replace a flat tire, be sure to use the
original temporary spare tire stored in the
vehicle. Using other sizes may result in
severe mechanical damage to the drive
train of your vehicle.
. Always check the cold tire pressure
before starting to drive. The recommended tire pressure is provided on the
tire placard, which is located under the
door latch on the driver’s side.
. There are some precautions that you
must observe when towing your vehicle.
For detail information, refer to “Towing”
F9-12.
WARNING
. Always maintain a safe driving
speed according to the road and
weather conditions in order to
avoid having an accident on a
sharp turn, during sudden braking or under other similar conditions.
. Always use the utmost care in
driving – overconfidence because you are driving an AllWheel Drive model could easily
lead to a serious accident.
Driving tips 8-5
Information Provided by:
8-6 Driving tips
On-pavement and off-road
driving
WARNING
. In a rollover crash, an unbelted
person is significantly more
likely to die than a person wearing a seat belt. You the driver and
all your passengers should fasten the seatbelts before starting
to drive in order to minimize the
chance of serious injury or death.
. Do not make sharp turns and
quick maneuvers unless absolutely unavoidable. Such actions
are dangerous as you may lose
control, possibly resulting in a
rollover which could cause death
or serious injury.
. Always maintain a safe driving
speed according to the road and
weather conditions in order to
avoid having an accident on a
sharp turn, during sudden braking or under other similar conditions.
. Whenever strong crosswinds are
present, slow down sufficiently
to maintain control of your vehicle. Remember that your vehicle,
with its higher profile and center
of gravity, is more likely to be
affected by crosswinds than ordinary passenger cars.
. Always use the utmost care in
driving – overconfidence because you are driving an AllWheel Drive model could easily
lead to a serious accident.
Your vehicle is classified as a utility
vehicle. Utility vehicles feature a higher
ground clearance which enables them to
be used for wide applications including offroad driving. But please keep in mind that
your vehicle is neither a conventional offroad vehicle nor an all-terrain vehicle. A
higher center of gravity in relation to the
tread width as compared with ordinary
passenger cars makes vehicles of this
type more likely to roll over. In reality, utility
vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than other types of vehicles. The
high ground clearance of this vehicle is a
real advantage, giving you a better view of
the road and allowing you to anticipate
problems earlier. However, remember that
your utility vehicle is not designed for highspeed cornering comparable to ordinary
passenger cars and that your vehicle
could roll over if you make a sharp turn
at high speed. If you do take your
SUBARU off-road, certain common sense
precautions such as those in the following
list should be taken.
. Make certain that you and all of your
passengers are wearing seatbelts.
. Carry some emergency equipment,
such as a towing rope or chain, a shovel,
wheel blocks, first aid kit and cell phone or
citizens band radio.
. Drive carefully. Do not take unnecessary risks by driving in dangerous areas or
over rough terrain.
. Slow down and employ extra caution at
all times. When driving off-road, you will
not have the benefit of marked traffic
lanes, banked curves, traffic signs and
the like.
. Do not drive across steep slopes.
Instead, drive either straight up or straight
down the slopes. A vehicle can much
more easily tip over sideways than it can
end over end. Avoid driving straight up or
down slopes that are too steep.
. Avoid sharp turning maneuvers, especially at higher speeds.
. Do not grip the inside or spokes of the
steering wheel. A bad bump could jerk the
wheel and injure your hands. Instead drive
with your fingers and thumbs on the
outside of the rim.
. If driving through water, such as when
Information Provided by:
crossing shallow streams, first check the
depth of the water and the bottom of the
stream bed for firmness and ensure that
the bed of the stream is flat. Drive slowly
and completely through the stream. The
water should be shallow enough that it
does not reach the vehicle’s undercarriage. Water entering the engine air intake
or the exhaust pipe or water splashing
onto electrical parts may damage your
vehicle and may cause it to stall. Never
attempt to drive through rushing water;
regardless of its depth, it can wash away
the ground from under your tires, resulting
in possible loss of traction and even
vehicle rollover.
. Always check your brakes for effectiveness immediately after driving in sand,
mud or water. Do this by driving slowly
and stepping on the brake pedal. Repeat
that process several times to dry out the
brake discs and brake pads.
. Do not drive or park over or near
flammable materials such as dry grass or
fallen leaves, as they may burn easily. The
exhaust system is very hot while the
engine is running and right after engine
stops. This could create a fire hazard.
. After driving through tall grass, mud,
rocks, sand, rivers, etc., check that there
is no grass, bush, paper, rags, stones,
sand, etc. adhering to or trapped on the
underbody. Clear off any such matter from
the underbody. If the vehicle is used with
these materials trapped or adhering to the
underbody, a mechanical breakdown or
fire could occur.
. Secure all cargo carried inside the
vehicle and make certain that it is not
piled higher than the seatbacks. During
sudden stops or jolts, unsecured cargo
could be thrown around in the vehicle and
cause injury. Do not pile heavy loads on
the roof. Those loads raise the vehicle’s
center of gravity and make it more prone
to tip over.
. If you must rock the vehicle to free it
from sand or mud, depress the accelerator
pedal slightly and move the selector lever
back and forth between “D” and “R”
repeatedly. Do not race the engine. For
the best possible traction, avoid spinning
the wheels when trying to free the vehicle.
. When the road surface is extremely
slippery, you can obtain better traction by
starting the vehicle with the transmission
in 2nd than 1st.
. Never equip your vehicle with tires
larger than those specified in this manual.
. Wash the vehicle’s underbody after offroad driving. Suspension components are
particularly prone to dirt buildup, so they
need to be washed thoroughly.
. Frequent driving of an AWD model
under hard-driving conditions such as
rough roads or off roads will necessitate
more frequent replacement of engine oil,
brake fluid and transmission oil than that
specified in the maintenance schedule
described in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
Remember that damage done to your
SUBARU while operating it off-road and
not using common sense precautions
such as those listed above is not eligible
for warranty coverage.
Driving tips 8-7
Information Provided by:
8-8 Driving tips
Winter driving
& Operation during cold
weather
Carry some emergency equipment, such
as a window scraper, a bag of sand,
flares, a small shovel and jumper cables.
Check the battery and cables. Cold
temperatures reduce battery capacity.
The battery must be in good condition to
provide enough power for cold winter
starts.
Use an engine oil of proper grade and
viscosity for cold weather. Heavy summer
oil will cause harder starting.
Keep the door locks from freezing by
squirting them with deicer or glycerin.
Forcing a frozen door open may damage
or separate the rubber weather strips
around the door. If the door is frozen,
use hot water to melt the ice, and afterwards thoroughly wipe the water away.
Use a windshield washer fluid that contains an antifreeze solution. Do not use
engine antifreeze or other substitutes
because they may damage the paint of
the vehicle.
SUBARU Windshield Washer Fluid contains 58.5% methyl alcohol and 41.5%
surfactant, by volume. Its freezing temperature varies according to how much it
is diluted, as indicated in the following
table.
Washer Fluid Concentration Freezing Temperature
30% 10.48F (−128C)
50% −48F (−208C)
100% −498F (−458C)
In order to prevent freezing of washer
fluid, check the freezing temperatures in
the table above when adjusting the fluid
concentration to the outside temperature.
If you fill the reservoir tank with a fluid with
a different concentration from the one
used previously, purge the old fluid from
the piping between the reservoir tank and
washer nozzles by operating the washer
for a certain period of time. Otherwise, if
the concentration of the fluid remaining in
the piping is too low for the outside
temperature, it may freeze and block the
nozzles.
CAUTION
Adjust the washer fluid concentration appropriately for the outside
temperature. If the concentration is
inappropriate, sprayed washer fluid
may freeze on the windshield and
obstruct your view, and the fluid
may freeze in the reservoir tank.
! Before driving your vehicle
Before entering the vehicle, remove any
snow or ice from your shoes because that
could make the pedals slippery and
dangerous.
While warming up the vehicle before
driving, check that the accelerator pedal,
brake pedal, and all other controls operate
smoothly.
Clear away ice and snow that has
accumulated under the fenders to avoid
making steering difficult. During severe
winter driving, stop when and where it is
safe to do so and check under the fenders
Information Provided by:
periodically.
! Parking in cold weather
Do not use the parking brake when
parking for long periods in cold weather
since it could freeze in that position.
Instead, observe the following.
1. Place the shift lever in “1” or “R” for
manual transmission models, and in “P”
for automatic transmission models.
2. Use tire stops under the tires to
prevent the vehicle from moving.
When the vehicle is parked in snow or
when it snows, raise the wiper blades off
the glass to prevent damage to them.
When the vehicle has been left parked
after use on roads heavily covered with
snow, or has been left parked during a
snowstorm, icing may develop on the
brake system, which could cause poor
braking action. Check for snow or ice
buildup on the suspension, disc brakes
and brake hoses underneath the vehicle.
If there is caked snow or ice, remove it,
being careful not to damage the disc
brakes and brake hoses and ABS harness.
WARNING
Snow can trap dangerous exhaust
gases under your vehicle. Keep
snow clear of the exhaust pipe and
from around your vehicle if you park
the vehicle in snow with the engine
running.
! Refueling in cold weather
To help prevent moisture from forming in
the fuel system and the risk of its freezing,
use of an antifreeze additive in the fuel
tank is recommended during cold weather.
Use only additives that are specifically
designed for this purpose. When an
antifreeze additive is used, its effect lasts
longer if the tank is refilled whenever the
fuel level reaches half empty.
If your SUBARU is not going to be used
for an extended period, it is best to have
the fuel tank filled to capacity.
& Driving on snowy and icy
roads
To prevent skidding and slipping, avoid
sudden braking, abrupt acceleration, highspeed driving, and sharp turning when
driving on snowy or icy roads.
Always maintain ample distance between
your vehicle and the vehicle ahead of you
to avoid the need for sudden braking.
To supplement the foot brake, use the
engine brake effectively to control the
vehicle speed. (Shift into a lower gear
when necessary.)
Avoid shifting down abruptly. Such behavior can cause the wheels to lock, possibly
leading to loss of vehicle control.
An anti-lock brake system (ABS) enhances your vehicle’s braking performance on snowy and icy roads. For
information on braking on slippery surfaces, refer to “ABS (Anti-lock Brake
System)” F7-24 and “Vehicle Dynamics
Control system” F7-27.
WARNING
Do not use the cruise control on
slippery roads such as snowy or icy
roads. This may cause loss of
vehicle control.
Driving tips 8-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-10 Driving tips
CAUTION
Avoid prolonged continuous driving
in snowstorms. Snow will enter the
engine’s intake system and may
hinder the air flow, which could
result in engine shutdown or even
breakdown.
! Wiper operation when snowing
Before driving in cold weather, make sure
the wiper blades are not frozen to the
windshield or rear window. If the wiper
blades are frozen to the windshield or rear
window, use the defroster with the airflow
control dial in the “ ” position and the
temperature control dial set for maximum
warmth until the wiper blades are completely thawed out. If your vehicle is
equipped with a wiper deicer, it is helpful
to thaw the windshield wiper blades. To
thaw out the rear wiper blade, use the rear
window defogger.
When driving in snow, if frozen snow starts
to stick on the surface of the windshield
despite wiper operation, use the defroster
with the airflow control dial in “ ” and the
temperature control dial set for maximum
warmth. After the windshield gets warmed
enough to melt the frozen snow on it,
wash it away using the windshield washer.
Snow stuck on the wiper arm prevents the
wiper from working effectively. If snow is
stuck on the wiper arm, pull off the road to
a safe place, then remove it. If you stop
the vehicle at road side, use the hazard
warning flasher to alert other drivers.
We recommend use of non-freezing type
wiper blades (winter blades) during the
seasons you could have snow and freezing temperatures. Blades of this type give
superior wiping performance in snowy
conditions. Be sure to use blades that
are suitable for your vehicle.
CAUTION
During high-speed driving, nonfreezing type wiper blades may not
perform as well as standard wiper
blades. If this happens, reduce the
vehicle speed.
NOTE
When the season requiring non-freezing type wiper blades is over, replace
them with standard wiper blades.
& Corrosion protection
Refer to “Corrosion protection” F10-4.
& Snow tires
WARNING
. When replacing original tires with
winter (snow) tires, make sure
you use only the same size,
construction and load range as
the original tires listed on the tire
placard. Using other sizes and
construction may affect speedometer/odometer calibration and
clearance between the body and
tires. It also may be dangerous
and lead to loss of vehicle control.
. You must install four winter tires
that are of the same size, construction, brand, and load range.
Mixing other sizes or constructions may result in severe mechanical damage to the drive
train of your vehicle and may
affect ride, handling, braking and
speedometer/odometer calibration. It also may be dangerous
and lead to loss of vehicle control.
. Do not use a combination of
radial, belted bias or bias tires
since it may cause dangerous
handling characteristics and lead
Information Provided by:
to an accident.
Your vehicle is equipped with “all season
tires” as original equipment, which are
designed to provide an adequate measure
of traction, handling and braking performance in year-round driving. In winter, it
may be possible to enhance performance
through use of tires designed specifically
for winter driving conditions.
When you choose to install winter tires on
your vehicle, be sure to use the correct tire
size and type. You must install four winter
tires that are of the same size, construction, brand and load range and you should
never mix radial, belted bias or bias tires
since this may result in dangerous handling characteristics. When you choose a
tire, make sure that there is enough
clearance between the tire and vehicle
body.
Remember to drive with care at all times
regardless of the type of tires on your
vehicle.
& Tire chains
CAUTION
Tire chains cannot be used on your
vehicle because of the lack of
clearance between the tires and
vehicle body.
& Rocking the vehicle
If you must rock the vehicle to free it from
snow, sand, or mud, depress the accelerator pedal slightly and move the selector
lever back and forth between “D” and “R”
repeatedly. Do not race the engine. For
the best possible traction, avoid spinning
the wheels when trying to free the vehicle.
When the road surface is extremely
slippery, you can obtain better traction by
starting the vehicle with the transmission
in 2nd than 1st (both for MT and AT).
If your vehicle is an AT model, for
information about holding the transmission
in the 2nd position, refer to “Selection of
manual mode” F7-19 and “Driving tips”
F7-21.
Loading your vehicle
WARNING
. Never allow passengers to ride
on a folded rear seatback or in
the cargo area. Doing so may
result in serious injury.
. Never stack luggage or other
cargo higher than the top of the
seatback because it could tumble
forward and injure passengers in
the event of a sudden stop or
accident. Keep luggage or cargo
low, as close to the floor as
possible.
Driving tips 8-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-12 Driving tips
WARNING
. When you carry something inside
the vehicle, secure it whenever
you can to prevent it from being
thrown around inside the vehicle
during sudden stops, sharp turns
or in an accident.
. Do not pile heavy loads on the
roof. These loads raise the vehicle’s center of gravity and make it
more prone to tip over.
. Secure lengthy items properly to
prevent them from shooting forward and causing serious injury
during a sudden stop.
. Never exceed the maximum load
limit. If you do, some parts on
your vehicle can break, or it can
change the way your vehicle
handles. This could result in loss
of control and cause personal
injury. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
. Do not place anything on the
extended cargo area cover. Such
items could tumble forward in the
event of a sudden stop or a
collision. This could cause serious injury.
CAUTION
Do not carry spray cans, containers
with flammable or corrosive liquids
or any other dangerous items inside
the vehicle.
NOTE
For better fuel economy, do not carry
unneeded cargo.
& Vehicle capacity weight
The load capacity of your vehicle is
determined by weight, not by available
cargo space. The maximum load you can
carry in your vehicle is shown on the
vehicle placard attached to the driver’s
side door pillar. It includes the total weight
of the driver and all passengers and their
belongings, any optional equipment such
as a trailer hitch, roof rack or bike carrier,
etc.
Information Provided by:
& GVWR and GAWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating and
Gross Axle Weight Rating)
The certification label attached to the
driver’s side doorjamb shows GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) and GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating).
The GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) must
never exceed the GVWR. GVW is the
combined total of weight of the vehicle,
fuel, driver, all passengers, luggage and
any optional equipment. Therefore, the
GVW changes depending on the situation.
The GVWR equals Curb Weight (actual
weight of your vehicle – including standard
equipment, fluids, emergency tools and
spare tire assembly) plus the vehicle
capacity weight.
In addition, the total weight applied to
each axle (GAW) must never exceed the
GAWR. The front and rear GAWs can be
adjusted by relocating luggage inside the
vehicle.
Even if the total weight of your luggage is
lower than the vehicle capacity weight,
either front or rear GAW may exceed the
GAWR, depending on the distribution of
the luggage.
When possible, the load should be evenly
distributed throughout the vehicle.
If you carry heavy loads in the vehicle, you
should confirm that GVW and front and
rear GAWs are within the GVWR and
GAWR by putting your vehicle on a
vehicle scale, found at a commercial
weighing station.
Do not use replacement tires with a lower
load range than the originals because they
may lower the GVWR and GAWR limitations. Replacement tires with a higher load
range than the originals do not increase
the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
& Roof rail (if equipped)
1) Roof rack
Luggage can be carried on the roof after
securing the roof rack to the roof rail.
When installing the roof rack on the roof
rail, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
The roof rail is designed to carry loads
(luggage and roof rack) of not more than
150 lbs (68 kg).
CAUTION
. When using the roof rack, make
sure that the total carrying load
of the roof rack and luggage does
not exceed 150 lbs (68 kg). Overloading may cause damage to
the vehicle.
. For cargo carrying purposes, the
Driving tips 8-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-14 Driving tips
roof rail must be used together
with the roof rack and any appropriate carrying attachment that
may be needed. The roof rail
must never be used alone to
carry cargo. Otherwise, damage
to the roof or paint or a dangerous road hazard due to loss of
cargo could result.
NOTE
Remember that the vehicle’s center of
gravity is altered with the weight of the
load on the roof, thus affecting driving
characteristics.
Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, hard
cornering and abrupt stops. Crosswind
effects will be increased.
& Roof molding and crossbar
(if equipped)
CAUTION
. For cargo carrying purposes, the
roof molding must be used together with a roof crossbar kit
and the appropriate carrying attachment. Otherwise, damage to
the roof or paint or a dangerous
road hazard due to loss of cargo
could result.
. When using the roof crossbar kit,
make sure that the total weight of
the crossbars, carrying attachment and cargo does not exceed
the maximum load limit. Overloading may cause damage to
the vehicle and create a safety
hazard.
Cargo can be carried after securing the
roof crossbar kit to the roof molding and
installing the appropriate carrying attachment. When installing the roof crossbar
kit, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
When you carry cargo on the roof using
the roof crossbar kit and a carrying
attachment, never exceed the maximum
load limit as explained below. You should
also be careful that your vehicle does not
exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR) and front and rear Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). For information
about loading cargo into or onto your
vehicle, refer to “Loading your vehicle”
F8-11. The maximum load limit of the
cargo, crossbars and carrying attachment
must not exceed 176 lbs (80 kg). Place
the heaviest load at the bottom, nearest
the roof, and evenly distribute the cargo.
Always properly secure all cargo.
Information Provided by:
! Installing carrying attachments on
the crossbars
When installing any carrying attachment
such as a bike carrier, ski carrier, kayak
carrier, cargo basket, etc. on the crossbars, follow the manufacturer’s instructions and make sure that the attachment is
securely fixed to the crossbars. Use only
attachments designed specifically for the
crossbars. A set of the crossbars is
designed to carry loads (cargo and attachment) of not more than 165 lbs (75 kg).
Before operating the vehicle, make sure
that the cargo is properly secured on the
attachment.
NOTE
Remember that the vehicle’s center of
gravity is altered with the weight of the
load on the roof, thus affecting the
driving characteristics.
Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, hard
cornering and abrupt stops. Crosswind
effects will be increased.
! Removal and installation of the
crossbars
Each of the two roof moldings has two
mounting points for crossbars. Each
mounting point is fitted with a cover. Use
a screwdriver to remove the covers. When
installing the crossbars on the roof molding, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Trailer hitch (dealer option)
WARNING
. Never exceed the maximum
weight specified for the trailer
hitch. Exceeding the maximum
weight could cause an accident
resulting in serious personal injuries. Permissible trailer weight
changes depending on the situation. For possible recommendations and limitations, refer to
“Trailer towing” F8-17.
. Trailer brakes are required when
the towing load exceeds 1,000
lbs (453 kg). Be sure your trailer
has safety chains and that each
chain will hold the trailer’s maximum gross weight. Towing trailers without safety chains could
create a traffic safety hazard if
the trailer separates from the
hitch due to coupling damage or
hitch ball damage.
. Be sure to check the hitch pin
and safety pin for positive locking placement before towing a
trailer. If the ball mount comes off
the hitch receiver, the trailer
could get loose and create a
Driving tips 8-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-16 Driving tips
traffic safety hazard.
. Use only the ball mount supplied
with this hitch. Use the hitch only
as a weight carrying hitch. Do not
use with any type of weight
distributing hitch.
. The standard bumper beam must
be installed after you remove the
trailer hitch. Consult a SUBARU
dealer for purchase of a standard
bumper beam if you do not have
the original.
. Safety performance is decreased
and there is increased risk of
injury to passengers in the case
of an accident if the trailer hitch
or a standard bumper beam is
not installed. One of them must
always be installed on the vehicle.
. If a trailer hitch is installed, it is
not possible to install the rear
towing hook.
When you tow a trailer, refer to “Trailer
towing” F8-17.
& Connecting a trailer
1. Remove the receiver cover from the
hitch receiver tube. Then insert the ball
mount into the hitch receiver tube.
2. Insert the hitch pin into the hole on the
hitch receiver tube so that the pin passes
through the ball mount.
3. Insert the safety pin securely into the
hitch pin.
4. Pull the ball mount to make sure it
does not come off the hitch receiver.
1) Hitch ball installation point
2) Hooks for safety chains
5. Use only a hitch ball that is appropriate
for the ball mount and your trailer. The
hitch ball must be securely installed on the
ball mount.
6. Connect your trailer to the hitch ball.
7. Connect the trailer and the hitch with
safety chains that will hold the trailer’s
maximum gross weight. The chains
should cross under the trailer tongue to
prevent the tongue from dropping onto the
ground in case it should disconnect from
the hitch ball. Allow sufficient slack in the
chains taking tight-turn situations into
account; however, be careful not to let
them drag on the ground.
Information Provided by:
WARNING
Do not connect safety chains to part
of the vehicle other than the safety
chain hooks.
Hitch harness connector
8. Connect the hitch wire harness’s black
four-pin wire connector to the towing
trailer’s wire harness
9. Confirm proper function of the hitch
wire harness by individually activating the
brake, stop, and turn signal lights on the
trailer.
NOTE
Always disconnect the trailer wire harness before launching or retrieving a
watercraft.
& When you do not tow a trailer
. Remove the ball mount from the hitch
receiver tube and insert the receiver cover
onto the hitch receiver tube.
. Place the dust cap over the four-pin
connector of the hitch wire harness to
protect against possible damage.
. Occasionally lubricate terminals of the
four-pin connector using terminal grease.
Trailer towing
Your vehicle is designed and intended to
be used primarily as a passenger-carrying
vehicle. Towing a trailer puts additional
loads on your vehicle’s engine, drivetrain,
brakes, tires and suspension and has an
adverse effect on fuel economy.
If you do decide to tow a trailer, your safety
and satisfaction depend upon proper use
of correct equipment and cautious operation of your vehicle. Seek the advice of
your SUBARU dealer to assist you in
purchasing a hitch and other necessary
towing equipment appropriate for your
vehicle. In addition, be sure to follow the
instructions on correct installation and use
provided by the trailer and other towing
equipment manufacturers.
SUBARU assumes no responsibility for
injuries or vehicle damage that result from
trailer towing equipment, or from any
errors or omissions in the instructions
accompanying such equipment or for your
failure to follow the proper instructions.
& Warranties and maintenance
SUBARU warranties do not apply to
vehicle damage or malfunction caused
by trailer towing. If you use your vehicle to
tow a trailer, more frequent maintenance
will be required due to the additional load.
Driving tips 8-17
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-18 Driving tips
(Refer to “Maintenance schedule under
severe driving conditions” in the “Warranty
and Maintenance Booklet”.)
Under no circumstances should a trailer
be towed with a new vehicle or a vehicle
with any new powertrain component (engine, transmission, differential, wheel
bearings, etc.) for the first 1,000 miles
(1,600 km) of driving.
& Maximum load limits
WARNING
Never exceed the maximum load
limits explained in the following.
Exceeding the maximum load limits
could cause personal injury and/or
vehicle damage.
CAUTION
. Adequate size trailer brakes are
required when the trailer and its
cargo exceed 1,000 lbs (453 kg)
total weight.
. Before towing a trailer, check the
trailer total weight, GVW, GAWs
and tongue load. Make sure the
load and its distribution in your
vehicle and trailer are acceptable.
! Total trailer weight
Total trailer weight
The total trailer weight (trailer weight plus
its cargo load) must never exceed the
maximum weight shown in the following
table.
Model Conditions Maximum
total trailer
weight
MT models When towing a
trailer without
brakes.
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
When towing a
trailer with brakes.
2,400 lbs
(1,087 kg)
AT models When towing a
trailer without
brakes.
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
When towing a
trailer with brakes.
2,400 lbs
(1,087 kg)
When towing a
trailer on a long
uphill grade continuously for over
5 miles (8 km) with
an outside temperature of 1048F
(408C) or above.
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
Information Provided by:
! Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) and
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR)
Gross Vehicle Weight
The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) must
never exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR).
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) is the
combined total of the weight of the vehicle,
driver, passengers, luggage, trailer hitch,
trailer tongue load and any other optional
equipment installed on your vehicle.
Therefore, the GVW changes depending
on the situation. Determine the GVW each
time before going on a trip by putting your
vehicle and trailer on a vehicle scale.
Certification label
GVWR is shown on the certification label
located on the driver’s side door jamb.
! Gross Axle Weight (GAW) and
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)
Gross Axle Weight
The total weight applied to each axle
(GAW) must never exceed the Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). The front and rear
GAWs can be adjusted by relocating
passengers and luggage inside the vehicle. The front and rear GAWR are also
shown on the certification label.
To check both GVWR and GAWR and to
confirm that the total weight and weight
distribution are within safe driving limits,
you should have your vehicle and trailer
weighed at a commercial weighing station.
Be sure that all cargo is firmly secured to
prevent a change in weight distribution
while driving.
Driving tips 8-19
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-20 Driving tips
! Tongue load
Tongue load
Ensure that the trailer tongue load is from
8 to 11 percent of the total trailer weight
and does not exceed the maximum value
of 200 lbs (90 kg).
1) Jack
2) Bathroom scale
The tongue load can be weighed with a
bathroom scale as shown in the illustration
above. When weighing the tongue load,
be sure to position the towing coupler at
the height at which it would be during
actual towing, using a jack as shown.
F: Front of vehicle
The tongue load can be adjusted by
proper distribution of the load in the trailer.
Never load the trailer with more weight in
the back than in the front; approximately
60 percent of the trailer load should be in
the front and approximately 40 percent in
the rear. Also, distribute the load as evenly
as possible on both the left and right
sides.
Be sure that all cargo is firmly secured to
prevent a change in weight distribution
while driving.
WARNING
If the trailer is loaded with more
weight in the back of trailer’s axle
than in the front, the load is taken off
Information Provided by:
the rear axle of the towing vehicle.
This may cause the rear wheels to
skid, especially during braking or
when vehicle speed is reduced during cornering, resulting in oversteer, spin out and/or jackknifing.
& Trailer hitches
WARNING
Never drill the frame or under-body
of your vehicle to install a commercial trailer hitch. If you do, dangerous exhaust gas, water or mud may
enter the passenger compartment
through the drilled hole. Exhaust
gas contains carbon monoxide, a
colorless and odorless gas which is
dangerous, or even lethal, if inhaled.
Also, drilling the frame or underbody of your vehicle could cause
deterioration of strength of your
vehicle and cause corrosion around
the drilled hole.
CAUTION
. Do not modify the vehicle exhaust system, brake system, or
other systems when installing a
hitch or other trailer towing
equipment.
. Do not use axle-mounted hitches
as they can cause damage to the
axle housing, wheel bearings,
wheels or tires.
Choose a proper hitch for your vehicle and
trailer.
The use of a genuine SUBARU trailer
hitch is recommended. A genuine
SUBARU hitch is available from your
SUBARU dealer.
If use of a non-genuine hitch is unavoidable, be sure the hitch is suited to your
vehicle and trailer. Consult with a professional hitch supplier to assist you in
choosing an appropriate hitch for your
vehicle. Be sure to follow all of the hitch
manufacturer’s instructions for installation
and use.
Never use a hitch that mounts only to the
rear bumper. The bumper is not designed
to handle that type of load.
For all types of hitches, regularly check
that the hitch mounting bolts and nuts are
tight.
& Connecting a trailer
! Trailer brakes
WARNING
. Adequate size trailer brakes are
required when the trailer and its
cargo exceed 1,000 lbs (453 kg)
total weight.
. Do not directly connect your
trailer’s hydraulic brake system
to the hydraulic brake system in
your vehicle. Direct connection
would cause the vehicle’s brake
performance to deteriorate and
could lead to an accident.
If your trailer’s total weight (trailer weight
plus its cargo weight) exceeds 1,000 lbs
(453 kg), the trailer is required to be
equipped with its own brake system.
Electric brakes or surge brakes are
recommended, and must be installed
properly. Check that your trailer’s brakes
conform with Federal, state/province and/
or other applicable regulations. Your
SUBARU’s brake system is not designed
to be tapped into the trailer’s hydraulic
brake system. Please ask your SUBARU
dealer and professional trailer supplier for
more information about the trailer’s brake
system.
Driving tips 8-21
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-22 Driving tips
! Trailer safety chains
WARNING
Always use safety chains between
your vehicle and the trailer. Towing a
trailer without safety chains could
create a traffic safety hazard if the
trailer separates from the hitch due
to coupling damage or hitch ball
damage.
In case the trailer hitch connector or hitch
ball should break or become disconnected, the trailer could get loose and
create a traffic safety hazard.
For safety, always connect the towing
vehicle and trailer with trailer safety
chains. Pass the chains crossing each
other under the trailer tongue to prevent
the trailer from dropping onto the ground
in case the trailer tongue should disconnect from the hitch ball. Allow sufficient
slack in the chains taking tight-turn situations into account; however, be careful not
to let them drag on the ground.
For more information about the safety
chain connection, refer to the instructions
for your hitch and trailer.
! Side mirrors
After hitching a trailer to your vehicle,
check that the standard side mirrors
provide a good rearward field of view
without significant blind spots. If significant
blind spots occur with the vehicle’s standard side mirrors, use towing mirrors that
conform with Federal, state/province and/
or other applicable regulations.
! Trailer lights
CAUTION
Direct splicing or other improper
connection of trailer lights may
damage your vehicle’s electrical
system and cause a malfunction of
your vehicle’s lighting system.
Connection of trailer lights to your vehicle’s electrical system requires modifications to the vehicle’s lighting circuit to
increase its capacity and accommodate
wiring changes. To ensure the trailer lights
are connected properly, please consult
your SUBARU dealer. Check for proper
operation of the brake lights and turn
signal lights each time you hitch up.
! Tires
WARNING
Never tow a trailer when the temporary spare tire is used. The temporary spare tire is not designed to
sustain the towing load. Use of the
temporary spare tire when towing
can result in failure of the spare tire
and/or less stability of the vehicle.
Make sure that all the tires on your vehicle
are properly inflated.
The recommended cold tire pressure
under trailer towing conditions is shown
in “Tires” F12-5 and in “GAS STATION
REFERENCE” at the end of this manual.
Adjust the rear tire pressure to the
recommended pressure when the tires
are cold. Normal pressure should be
maintained in the front tires.
Information Provided by:
Trailer tire condition, size, load rating and
proper inflation pressure should be in
accordance with the trailer manufacturer’s
specifications.
In the event your vehicle gets a flat tire
when towing a trailer, ask a commercial
road service to repair the flat tire.
If you carry a regular size spare tire in your
vehicle or trailer as a precaution against
getting a flat tire, be sure that the spare
tire is firmly secured.
& Trailer towing tips
WARNING
. Never exceed 45 mph (72 km/h)
when towing a trailer in hilly
country on hot days.
. When towing a trailer, steering,
stability, stopping distance and
braking performance will be different from normal operation. For
safety’s sake, you should employ
extra caution when towing a
trailer and you should never
speed. You should also keep the
following tips in mind:
! Before starting out on a trip
. Check that the vehicle and vehicle-tohitch mounting are in good condition. If
any problems are apparent, do not tow the
trailer.
. Check that the vehicle sits horizontally
with the trailer attached. If the vehicle is
tipped sharply up at the front and down at
the rear, check the total trailer weight,
GVW, GAWs and tongue load again, then
confirm that the load and its distribution
are acceptable.
. Check that the tire pressures are
correct.
. Check that the vehicle and trailer are
connected properly. Confirm that
– the trailer tongue is connected
properly to the hitch ball.
– the trailer lights connector is connected properly and trailer’s brake
lights illuminate when the vehicle’s
brake pedal is pressed, and that the
trailer’s turn signal lights flash when
the vehicle’s turn signal lever is operated.
– the safety chains are connected
properly.
– all cargo in the trailer is secured
safety in position.
– the side mirrors provide a good
rearward field of view without a significant blind spot.
. Sufficient time should be taken to learn
the “feel” of the vehicle/trailer combination
before starting out on a trip. In an area free
of traffic, practice turning, stopping and
backing up.
! Driving with a trailer
. You should allow for considerably more
stopping distance when towing a trailer.
Avoid sudden braking because it may
result in skidding or jackknifing and loss of
control.
. Avoid abrupt starts and sudden accelerations. If your vehicle has a manual
transmission, always start out in first gear
and release the clutch at moderate engine
revolution.
. Avoid uneven steering, sharp turns and
rapid lane changes.
. Slow down before turning. Make a
longer than normal turning radius because
the trailer wheels will be closer than the
vehicle wheels to the inside of the turn. In
a tight turn, the trailer could hit your
vehicle.
. Crosswinds will adversely affect the
handling of your vehicle and trailer, causing sway. Crosswinds can be due to
weather conditions or the passing of large
trucks or buses. If swaying occurs, firmly
grip the steering wheel and slow down
Driving tips 8-23
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
8-24 Driving tips
immediately but gradually.
. When passing other vehicles, considerable distance is required because of the
added weight and length caused by
attaching the trailer to your vehicle.
1) Left turn
2) Right turn
. Backing up with a trailer is difficult and
takes practice. When backing up with a
trailer, never accelerate or steer rapidly.
When turning back, grip the bottom of the
steering wheel with one hand and turn it to
the left for a left turn, and turn it to the right
for a right turn.
. If the ABS warning light illuminates
while the vehicle is in motion, stop towing
the trailer and have repairs performed
immediately by the nearest SUBARU
dealer.
! Driving on grades
. Before going down a steep hill, slow
down and shift into lower gear (if necessary, use 1st gear) in order to utilize the
engine braking effect and prevent overheating of your vehicle’s brakes. Do not
make sudden downshifts.
. When driving uphill in hot weather, the
air conditioner may turn off automatically
to protect the engine from overheating.
. When driving uphill in hot weather, pay
attention to the coolant temperature high
warning light (for all models) and AT OIL
TEMP warning light (for AT models)
because the engine and transmission are
relatively prone to overheating under
these conditions. If the coolant temperature high warning light or the AT OILTEMP
warning light illuminates, immediately turn
off the air conditioner and stop the vehicle
in the nearest safe location. For further
instructions and additional information,
refer to the following sections.
– “If you park your vehicle in case of
an emergency” F9-2
– “Engine overheating” F9-12
– “Coolant temperature low indicator
light/Coolant temperature high warning light” F3-13
– “AT OIL TEMP warning light (AT
models)” F3-14
. If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, avoid using the accelerator pedal
to stay stationary on an uphill slope
instead of using the parking brake or foot
brake. That may cause the transmission
fluid to overheat.
. If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, place the selector lever as
follows.
Uphill slopes: “D” position
Downhill slopes: A low-speed gear position to use engine braking
! Parking on a grade
Always block the wheels under both
vehicle and trailer when parking. Apply
the parking brake firmly. You should not
park on a hill or slope. But if parking on a
hill or slope cannot be avoided, you
should take the following steps.
1. Apply the brakes and hold the pedal
down.
2. Have someone place wheel blocks
under both the vehicle and trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel blocks are in place,
release the regular brakes slowly until the
blocks absorb the load.
4. Apply the regular brakes and then
apply the parking brake; slowly release
the regular brakes.
5. Shift into 1st or reverse gear (manual
transmission) or “P” (automatic transmission) and shut off the engine.
Information Provided by:
If you park your vehicle in case of an
emergency ........................................................ 9-2
Temporary spare tire (if equipped) .................... 9-2
Precautions for AWD models with automatic
transmission ..................................................... 9-3
Maintenance tools ............................................... 9-4
Tool bag.............................................................. 9-4
Under the cargo area........................................... 9-5
Flat tires............................................................... 9-6
Changing a flat tire.............................................. 9-6
Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS)
(U.S.-spec. models) ........................................... 9-9
Jump starting ..................................................... 9-10
How to jump start............................................... 9-10
Engine overheating ........................................... 9-12
If steam is coming from the engine
compartment ................................................... 9-12
If no steam is coming from the engine
compartment ................................................... 9-12
Towing ................................................................ 9-12
Towing and tie-down hooks................................ 9-13
Using a flat-bed truck......................................... 9-15
Towing with all wheels on the ground................. 9-16
Rear gate – if the rear gate cannot be
opened............................................................. 9-17
Moonroof – if the moonroof cannot be
closed .............................................................. 9-17
In case of emergency
9
Information Provided by:
9-2 In case of emergency
If you park your vehicle in
case of an emergency
The hazard warning flasher should be
used in day or night to warn other drivers
when you have to park your vehicle under
emergency conditions.
Avoid stopping on the road. It is best to
safely pull off the road if a problem occurs.
The hazard warning flasher can be activated regardless of the ignition switch
position.
Turn on the hazard warning by pushing
the hazard warning flasher switch. Turn it
off by pushing the switch again.
NOTE
When the hazard warning flasher is on,
the turn signals do not work.
Temporary spare tire (if
equipped)
WARNING
When a spare tire is mounted or a
wheel rim is replaced without the
original pressure sensor/transmitter
being transferred, the low tire pressure warning light will illuminate
steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. This indicates
the tire pressure monitoring system
(TPMS) is unable to monitor all four
road wheels. Contact your SUBARU
dealer as soon as possible for tire
and sensor replacement and/or system resetting.
CAUTION
Never use any temporary spare tire
other than the original. Using other
sizes may result in severe mechanical damage to the drive train of your
vehicle.
The temporary spare tire is smaller and
lighter than a conventional tire and is
designed for emergency use only. Remove the temporary spare tire and reInformation Provided by:
install the conventional tire as soon as
possible because the spare tire is designed only for temporary use.
Check the inflation pressure of the temporary spare tire periodically to keep the
tire ready for use. The correct pressure is
60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kg/cm2).
When using the temporary spare tire, note
the following.
. Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h).
. Do not put a tire chain on the temporary
spare tire. Because of the smaller tire size,
a tire chain will not fit properly.
. Do not use two or more temporary
spare tires at the same time.
. Do not drive over obstacles. This tire
has a smaller diameter, so road clearance
is reduced.
1) Tread wear indicator bar
2) Indicator location mark
. When the wear indicator appears on
the tread, replace the tire.
. The temporary spare tire must be used
only on a rear wheel. If a front wheel tire
gets punctured, replace the wheel with a
rear wheel and install the temporary spare
tire in place of the removed rear wheel.
& Precautions for AWD models
with automatic transmission
Your vehicle is equipped with the AWD
(All-Wheel Drive) system. In addition, if
your vehicle is an AT model, before driving
your vehicle with the temporary spare tire,
deactivate the AWD capability of the
vehicle as follows.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK”
position.
2. Pull any one spare fuse out of the
spare fuse holder in the engine compartment. Spare fuses are attached on the
back side of the fuse holder cover. You
may pick up any one fuse in the spare
fuse holder.
In case of emergency 9-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
9-4 In case of emergency
1) Spare fuse
2) FWD connector
3. Put a spare fuse inside the FWD
connector located in the cabin and confirm
that the All-Wheel Drive warning light
“ ” illuminates. The All-Wheel-Drive
capability of the vehicle has now been
deactivated.
NOTE
After reinstalling the conventional tire,
remove the spare fuse from the FWD
connector in order to reactivate AllWheel Drive. Make sure to restore the
removed spare fuse in the spare fuse
holder located in the engine compartment.
Maintenance tools
Your vehicle is equipped with the following
maintenance tools:
. Jack
. Jack handle
. Screwdriver
. Towing hook (eye bolt)
. Wheel nut wrench
. Hex-head wrench (only vehicles with
moonroof)
. Wheel cover remover (only vehicles
with wheel covers)
& Tool bag
1) Screwdriver
2) Wheel nut wrench
3) Tool bag
4) Wheel cover remover (only vehicles with
wheel covers)
5) Hex-head wrench (only vehicles with
moonroof)
The screwdriver and wheel nut wrench are
stored in the tool bag.
Information Provided by:
& Under the cargo area
1) Under-floor storage compartment (if
equipped) (Refer to “Under-floor storage
compartment” F6-16)
2) Jack handle
3) Tool bucket
4) Spare tire
1) Wheel nut wrench
2) Hex-head wrench (only vehicles with
moonroof)
3) Screwdriver
4) Jack
5) Towing hook (eye bolt)
The jack handle is stored under the cargo
floor. The jack and towing hook are stored
in the tool bucket that is located in the
recess of the spare tire wheel.
Also, the tools in the tool bag can be
stored in the tool bucket as illustrated.
For how to use the jack, refer to “Flat tires”
F9-6.
In case of emergency 9-5
Information Provided by:
9-6 In case of emergency
Flat tires
If you have a flat tire while driving, never
brake suddenly; keep driving straight
ahead while gradually reducing speed.
Then slowly pull off the road to a safe
place.
& Changing a flat tire
WARNING
. Do not jack up the vehicle on an
incline or a loose road surface.
The jack can come out of the
jacking point or sink into the
ground and this can result in a
severe accident.
. Use only the jack provided with
your vehicle. The jack supplied
with the vehicle is designed only
for changing a tire. Never get
under the vehicle while supporting the vehicle with this jack.
. Always turn off the engine before
raising the flat tire off the ground
using the jack. Never swing or
push the vehicle supported with
the jack. The jack can come out
of the jacking point due to a jolt
and this can result in a severe
accident.
1. Park on a hard, level surface, whenever possible, then stop the engine.
2. Set the parking brake securely and
shift the shift lever in reverse (MT models)
or the selector lever in the “P” (Park)
position (AT models).
3. Turn on the hazard warning flasher
and have everyone get out of the vehicle.
4. Put wheel blocks at the front and rear
of the tire diagonally opposite the flat tire.
5. Take out the jack, jack handle and
wheel nut wrench.
The tools and the spare tire are stored
under the floor of the cargo area. Refer to
“Maintenance tools” F9-4.
NOTE
Make sure that the jack is well lubricated before using it.
6. Take out the tool bucket and turn the
attaching bolt counterclockwise, then take
the spare tire out.
NOTE
If the spare tire provided in your vehicle
is a temporary spare tire, carefully read
“Temporary spare tire” F9-2 and
strictly follow the instructions.
Information Provided by:
1) Notch
2) Valve hole
7. If your vehicle has wheel covers, insert
a wheel cover remover into the notch on
the opposite side of the valve hole and pry
the wheel cover to remove it.
8. Loosen the wheel nuts using the wheel
nut wrench but do not remove the nuts.
9. Place the jack under the side sill at the
front or rear jack-up point closest to the flat
tire.
Turn the jackscrew by hand until the jack
head engages firmly into the jack-up point.
10. Insert the jack handle into the jackscrew, and turn the handle until the tire
clears the ground. Do not raise the vehicle
higher than necessary.
11. Remove the wheel nuts and the flat
tire.
In case of emergency 9-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
9-8 In case of emergency
12. Before putting the spare tire on, clean
the mounting surface of the wheel and hub
with a cloth.
13. Put on the spare tire. Replace the
wheel nuts. Tighten them by hand.
WARNING
Do not use oil or grease on the
wheel studs or nuts when the spare
tire is installed. This could cause the
nuts to become loose and lead to an
accident.
14. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise
to lower the vehicle.
15. Use the wheel nut wrench to securely
tighten the wheel nuts to the specified
torque, following the tightening order in the
illustration.
The torque for tightening the nuts is 58 to
72 lbf·ft (80 to 100 N·m, 8 to 10 kgf·m).
This torque is equivalent to applying
approximately 88 to 110 lbs (40 to 50 kg)
at the top of the wheel nut wrench. Never
use your foot on the wheel nut wrench or a
pipe extension on the wrench because
you may exceed the specified torque.
Have the wheel nut torque checked at
the nearest automotive service facility.
16. Store the flat tire in the spare tire
compartment. Put in the spacer and tighten the attaching bolt firmly.
Also store the jack, jack handle and wheel
nut wrench in their storage locations.
WARNING
Never place a tire or tire changing
tools in the passenger compartment
after changing wheels. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment
could strike occupants and cause
injury. Store the tire and all tools in
the proper place.
Information Provided by:
& Tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS) (U.S.-spec.
models)
The tire pressure monitoring system provides the driver with the warning message
indicated by sending a signal from a
sensor that is installed in each wheel
when tire pressure is severely low.
The tire pressure monitoring system will
activate only when the vehicle is driven.
Also, this system may not react immediately to a sudden drop in tire pressure (for
example, a blow-out caused running over
a sharp object).
WARNING
If the low tire pressure warning light
illuminates while driving, never
brake suddenly and keep driving
straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the
road to a safe place. Otherwise an
accident involving serious vehicle
damage and serious personal injury
could occur.
Check the pressure for all four tires
and adjust the pressure to the COLD
tire pressure shown on the vehicle
placard on the door pillar on the
driver’s side. If this light still illuminates while driving after adjusting
the tire pressure, a tire may have
significant damage and a fast leak
that causes the tire to lose air
rapidly. If you have a flat tire, replace
it with a spare tire as soon as
possible.
When a spare tire is mounted or a
wheel rim is replaced without the
original pressure sensor/transmitter
being transferred, the low tire pressure warning light will illuminate
steadily after blinking for approximately one minute. This indicates
the TPMS is unable to monitor all
four road wheels. Contact your
SUBARU dealer as soon as possible
for tire and sensor replacement and/
or system resetting.
Do not inject any tire liquid or
aerosol tire sealant into the tires, as
this may cause a malfunction of the
tire pressure sensors.
If the light illuminates steadily after
blinking for approximately one minute, promptly contact a SUBARU
dealer to have the system inspected.
In case of emergency 9-9
Information Provided by:
9-10 In case of emergency
Jump starting
WARNING
. Battery fluid is SULFURIC ACID.
Do not let it come in contact with
the eyes, skin, clothing or the
vehicle.
If battery fluid gets on you,
thoroughly flush the exposed
area with water immediately. Get
medical help if the fluid has
entered your eyes.
If battery fluid is accidentally
swallowed, immediately drink a
large amount of milk or water,
and obtain immediate medical
help.
Keep everyone including children away from the battery.
. The gas generated by a battery
explodes if a flame or spark is
brought near it. Do not smoke or
light a match while jump starting.
. Never attempt jump starting if the
discharged battery is frozen. It
could cause the battery to burst
or explode.
. Whenever working on or around
a battery, always wear suitable
eye protectors, and remove metal
objects such as rings, bands or
other metal jewelry.
. Be sure the jumper cables and
clamps on them do not have
loose or missing insulation.
Do not jump start unless cables
in suitable condition are available.
. A running engine can be dangerous. Keep your fingers, hands,
clothing, hair and tools away
from the cooling fan, belts and
any other moving engine parts.
Removing rings, watches and
ties is advisable.
. Jump starting is dangerous if it
done incorrectly. If you are unsure about the proper procedure
for jump starting, consult a competent mechanic.
When your vehicle does not start due to a
run down (discharged) battery, the vehicle
may be jump started by connecting your
battery to another battery (called the
booster battery) with jumper cables.
& How to jump start
1. Make sure the booster battery is 12
volts and the negative terminal is
grounded.
2. If the booster battery is in another
vehicle, do not let the two vehicles touch.
3. Turn off all unnecessary lights and
accessories.
4. Connect the jumper cables exactly in
the sequence illustrated.
Information Provided by:
(1) Connect one jumper cable to the
positive (+) terminal on the discharged
battery.
(2) Connect the other end of the
jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of the booster battery.
(3) Connect one end of the other
cable to the negative (−) terminal of
the booster battery.
(4) Connect the other end of the cable
to the strut mounting nut of the vehicle
with the discharged battery.
Make sure that the cables are not near
any moving parts and that the cable
clamps are not in contact with any other
metal.
5. Start the engine of the vehicle with the
booster battery and run it at moderate
speed. Then start the engine of the vehicle
that has the discharged battery.
6. When finished, carefully disconnect
the cables in exactly the reverse order.
In case of emergency 9-11
Information Provided by:
9-12 In case of emergency
Engine overheating
WARNING
Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been
shut off and has fully cooled down.
When the engine is hot, the coolant
is under pressure. Removing the
cap while the engine is still hot
could release a spray of boiling hot
coolant, which could burn you very
seriously.
If the engine overheats, safely pull off the
road and stop the vehicle in a safe place.
& If steam is coming from the
engine compartment
Turn off the engine and get everyone
away from the vehicle until it cools down.
& If no steam is coming from
the engine compartment
1. Keep the engine running at idling
speed.
2. Open the hood to ventilate the engine
compartment.
Confirm that the cooling fan is turning. If
the fan is not turning, immediately turn off
the engine and contact your authorized
dealer for repair.
3. After the engine coolant temperature
has dropped, turn off the engine.
If the coolant temperature high warning
light illuminates, turn off the engine.
4. After the engine has fully cooled down,
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank.
If the coolant level is below the “LOW”
mark, add coolant up to the “FULL” mark.
5. If there is no coolant in the reserve
tank, add coolant to the reserve tank.
Then remove the radiator cap and fill the
radiator with coolant.
If you remove the radiator cap from a hot
radiator, first wrap a thick cloth around the
radiator cap, then turn the cap counterclockwise slowly without pressing down
until it stops. Release the pressure from
the radiator. After the pressure has been
fully released, remove the cap by pressing
down and turning it.
Towing
If towing is necessary, it is best done by
your SUBARU dealer or a commercial
towing service. Observe the following
procedures for safety.
WARNING
Never tow AWDmodels (both ATand
MT) with the front wheels raised off
the ground while the rear wheels are
on the ground, or with the rear
wheels raised off the ground while
the front wheels are on the ground.
This will cause the vehicle to spin
away due to the operation or deterioration of the center differential.
Information Provided by:
& Towing and tie-down hooks
The towing hooks should be used only in
an emergency (e.g., to free a stuck vehicle
from mud, sand or snow).
CAUTION
. Use only the specified towing
hook and tie-down hook. Never
use suspension parts or other
parts of the body for towing or
tie-down purposes.
. To prevent deformation to the
front bumper and the towing
hook, do not apply excessive
lateral load to the towing hook.
Front towing hook:
1. Take the towing hook out of the tool
bucket and take the screwdriver out of the
tool bag. Take the wheel nut wrench out of
the cargo area.
2. Pry off the cover on the front bumper
using a screwdriver, and you will find a
threaded hole for attaching the towing
hook.
3. Screw the towing hook into the thread
hole until its thread can no longer be seen.
4. Tighten the towing hook securely
using a wheel nut wrench.
After towing, remove the towing hook from
the vehicle and stow it in the tool bucket.
Fit the towing hook cover on the bumper.
WARNING
. Do not use the towing hook
except when towing your vehicle.
. Be sure to remove the towing
hook after towing. Leaving the
towing hook mounted on the
vehicle could interfere with proper operation of the SRS airbag
system in a frontal collision.
In case of emergency 9-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
9-14 In case of emergency
Rear towing hook:
CAUTION
If a trailer hitch is installed, it is not
possible to install the rear towing
hook.
To install the rear towing hook, the
standard bumper beam must be
installed on the vehicle at a
SUBARU dealer. Consult a SUBARU
dealer for details.
Use a hitch ball and follow the
instructions below when towing.
. The weight of the object being
towed must be less than the
weight of the vehicle.
. Drive the vehicle 20 mph (32
km/h) or less speed.
. Do not drive more than 31 miles
(50 km).
1. Take the towing hook out of the tool
bucket and take the screwdriver out of the
tool bag. Take the wheel nut wrench out of
the cargo area.
2. Pry off the cover on the rear bumper
using a screwdriver, and you will find a
threaded hole for attaching the towing
hook.
3. Screw the towing hook into the thread
hole until its thread can no longer be seen.
4. Tighten the towing hook securely
using a wheel nut wrench.
After towing, remove the towing hook from
the vehicle and stow it in the tool bucket.
Fit the towing hook cover on the bumper.
WARNING
Do not use the towing hook except
when towing your vehicle.
Information Provided by:
Front tie-down hooks:
The front tie-down hooks are located
between each of the front tires and the
front bumper.
Rear tie-down hooks:
The rear tie-down hooks are located near
each of the jack-up reinforcements.
WARNING
Use the rear tie-down hooks only for
downward anchoring. If they are
used to anchor the vehicle in any
other direction, cables may slip off
the hooks, possibly causing a dangerous situation.
& Using a flat-bed truck
This is the best way to transport your
vehicle. Use the following procedures to
ensure safe transportation.
1. Shift the selector lever into the “P”
position for automatic transmission models or “1st” for manual transmission
models.
2. Pull up the parking brake lever firmly.
3. Secure the vehicle onto the carrier
properly with safety chains. Each safety
chain should be equally tightened and
care must be taken not to pull the chains
so tightly that the suspension bottoms out.
In case of emergency 9-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
9-16 In case of emergency
CAUTION
If your vehicle has a front underspoiler and rear underspoiler (both
optional), be careful not to scrape
them when placing the vehicle on
the carrier and when removing the
vehicle from the carrier.
& Towing with all wheels on the
ground
1. Check the transmission and differential oil levels and add oil to bring it to the
upper level if necessary.
2. Release the parking brake and put the
transmission in neutral.
3. The ignition switch should be in the
“Acc” position while the vehicle is being
towed.
4. Take up slack in the towline slowly to
prevent damage to the vehicle.
WARNING
. Never turn the ignition switch to
the “LOCK” position while the
vehicle is being towed because
the steering wheel and the direction of the wheels will be locked.
. Remember that the brake booster
and power steering do not function when the engine is not
running. Because the engine is
turned off, it will take greater
effort to operate the brake pedal
and steering wheel.
CAUTION
. If transmission failure occurs,
transport your vehicle on a flatbed truck.
. Do not run the engine while being
towed using this method. Transmission damage could result if
the vehicle is towed with the
engine running.
. For vehicles with automatic
transmission, the traveling speed
must be limited to less than 20
mph (30 km/h) and the traveling
distance to less than 31 miles (50
km). For greater speeds and
distances, transport your vehicle
on a flat-bed truck.
Information Provided by:
Rear gate – if the rear gate
cannot be opened
In the event that you cannot open the rear
gate by operating the power door locking
switches or the remote keyless entry
system, you can open it from inside the
cargo area.
1. Remove the access cover at the
bottom-center of the rear gate trim.
2. Locate the rear gate lock release lever
behind the rear gate trim panel.
CAUTION
Never operate the rear gate lock
release lever with fingers because
doing so may cause an injury. Always use a screwdriver or a similar
tool.
3. Turn the lever to the right position
using a screwdriver.
4. Open the rear gate from outside by
holding the rear gate with your hands.
Moonroof – if the moonroof
cannot be closed
If the moonroof cannot be closed with the
moonroof switch, you can close the moonroof manually.
1. Remove the plug on the roof trim of the
cargo area by inserting the end of the flathead screwdriver between the roof and
plug and prying it off.
In case of emergency 9-17
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
9-18 In case of emergency
2. Insert a hex-head wrench in the end of
the motor shaft.
To close the moonroof, turn the wrench
counterclockwise.
Have your vehicle checked and repaired
by an authorized SUBARU dealer.
Information Provided by:
Exterior care ....................................................... 10-2
Washing............................................................. 10-2
Waxing and polishing ......................................... 10-3
Cleaning aluminum wheels ................................. 10-3
Corrosion protection.......................................... 10-4
Most common causes of corrosion ..................... 10-4
To help prevent corrosion................................... 10-4
Cleaning the interior.......................................... 10-5
Seat fabric......................................................... 10-5
Leather seat materials........................................ 10-5
Synthetic leather upholstery............................... 10-5
Climate control panel, audio panel, instrument
panel, console panel, and switches .................. 10-5
Navigation monitor (if equipped) ........................ 10-6
Appearance care
10
Information Provided by:
10-2 Appearance care
Exterior care
& Washing
CAUTION
. When washing the vehicle, the
brakes may get wet. As a result,
the brake stopping distance will
be longer. To dry the brakes,
drive the vehicle at a safe speed
while lightly pressing the brake
pedal to heat up the brakes.
. Do not wash the engine compartment and area adjacent to it. If
water enters the engine air intake, electrical parts or the power
steering fluid reservoir, it will
cause engine trouble or faulty
power steering respectively.
. Since your vehicle is equipped
with a rear wiper, automatic carwash brushes could become
tangled around it, damaging the
wiper arm and other components. Ask the automatic carwash operator not to let the
brushes touch the wiper arm or
to fix the wiper arm on the rear
window glass with adhesive tape
before operating the machine.
NOTE
When having your vehicle washed in
an automatic car wash, make sure
beforehand that the car wash is of
suitable type.
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s
beauty is frequent washing. Wash the
vehicle at least once a month to avoid
contamination by road grime.
Wash dirt off with a wet sponge and plenty
of lukewarm or cold water. Do not wash
the vehicle with hot water and in direct
sunlight.
Salt, chemicals, insects, tar, soot, tree
sap, and bird droppings should be washed
off by using a light detergent, as required.
If you use a light detergent, make certain
that it is a neutral detergent. Do not use
strong soap or chemical detergents. All
cleaning agents should be promptly
flushed from the surface and not allowed
to dry there. Rinse the vehicle thoroughly
with plenty of lukewarm water. Wipe the
remaining water off with a chamois or soft
cloth.
! Washing the underbody
Chemicals, salts and gravel used for
deicing road surfaces are extremely corrosive, accelerating the corrosion of underbody components, such as the exhaust
system, fuel and brake lines, brake
cables, floor pan and fenders, and suspension.
Thoroughly flush the underbody and inside of the fenders with lukewarm or cold
water at frequent intervals to reduce the
harmful effects of such agents.
Mud and sand adhering to the underbody
components may accelerate their corrosion.
After driving off-road or on muddy or
sandy roads, wash the mud and sand off
the underbody. Carefully flush the suspension and axle parts, as they are particularly prone to mud and sand buildup. Do
not use a sharp-edged tool to remove
caked mud.
NOTE
Be careful not to damage brake hoses,
sensor harnesses, and other parts
when washing suspension components.
! Using a warm water washer
. Keep a good distance of 12 in (30 cm)
or more between the washer nozzle and
the vehicle.
. Do not wash the same area continuously.
. If a stain will not come out easily, wash
Information Provided by:
by hand. Some warm water washers are
of the high temperature, high pressure
type, and they can damage or deform the
resin parts such as moldings, or cause
water to leak into the vehicle.
& Waxing and polishing
Always wash and dry the vehicle before
waxing and polishing.
Use a good quality polish and wax and
apply them according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Wax or polish when
the painted surface is cool.
Be sure to polish and wax the chrome trim,
as well as the painted surfaces. Loss of
wax on a painted surface leads to loss of
the original luster and also quickens the
deterioration of the surface. It is recommended that a coat of wax be applied at
least once a month, or whenever the
surface no longer repels water.
If the appearance of the paint has diminished to the point where the luster or tone
cannot be restored, lightly polish the
surface with a fine-grained compound.
Never polish just the affected area, but
include the surrounding area as well.
Always polish in only one direction. A
No. 2000 grain compound is recommended. Never use a coarse-grained
compound. Coarse-grained compounds
have a smaller grain-size number and
could damage the paint. After polishing
with a compound, coat with wax to restore
the original luster. Frequent polishing with
a compound or an incorrect polishing
technique will result in removing the paint
layer and exposing the undercoat. When
in doubt, it is always best to contact your
SUBARU dealer or an auto paint specialist.
NOTE
Be careful not to block the windshield
washer nozzles with wax when waxing
the vehicle.
& Cleaning aluminum wheels
. Promptly wipe the aluminum wheels
clean of any kind of grime or agent. If dirt
is left on too long, it may be difficult to
clean off.
. Do not use soap containing grit to
clean the wheels. Be sure to use a neutral
cleaning agent, and later rinse thoroughly
with water. Do not clean the wheels with a
stiff brush or expose them to a high-speed
washing device.
. Clean the vehicle (including the aluminum wheels) with water as soon as
possible when it has been splashed with
sea water, exposed to sea breezes, or
driven on roads treated with salt or other
agents.
Appearance care 10-3
Information Provided by:
10-4 Appearance care
Corrosion protection
Your SUBARU has been designed and
built to resist corrosion. Special materials
and protective finishes have been used on
most parts of the vehicle to help maintain
fine appearance, strength, and reliable
operation.
& Most common causes of
corrosion
The most common causes of corrosion
are:
1. The accumulation of moisture retaining dirt and debris in body panel sections,
cavities, and other areas.
2. Damage to paint and other protective
coatings caused by gravel and stone
chips or minor accidents.
Corrosion is accelerated on the vehicle
when:
1. It is exposed to road salt or dust
control chemicals, or used in coastal
areas where there is more salt in the air,
or in areas where there is considerable
industrial pollution.
2. It is driven in areas of high humidity,
especially when temperatures range just
above freezing.
3. Dampness in certain parts of the
vehicle remains for a long time, even
though other parts of the vehicle may be
dry.
4. High temperatures will cause corrosion to parts of the vehicle which cannot
dry quickly due to lack of proper ventilation.
& To help prevent corrosion
Wash the vehicle regularly to prevent
corrosion of the body and suspension
components. Also, wash the vehicle
promptly after driving on any of the
following surfaces.
. roads that have been salted to prevent
them from freezing in winter
. mud, sand, or gravel
. coastal roads
After the winter has ended, it is recommended that the underbody be given a
very thorough washing.
Before the beginning of winter, check the
condition of underbody components, such
as the exhaust system, fuel and brake
lines, brake cables, suspension, steering
system, floor pan, and fenders. If any of
them are found to be rusted, they should
be given an appropriate rust prevention
treatment or should be replaced. Contact
your SUBARU dealer to perform this kind
of maintenance and treatment if you need
assistance.
Repair chips and scratches in the paint as
soon as you find them.
Check the interior of the vehicle for water
and dirt accumulation under the floor mats
because that could cause corrosion.
Occasionally check under the mats to
make sure the area is dry.
Keep your garage dry. Do not park your
vehicle in a damp, poorly ventilated
garage. In such a garage, corrosion can
be caused by dampness. If you wash the
vehicle in the garage or put the vehicle
into the garage when wet or covered with
snow, that can cause dampness.
If your vehicle is operated in cold weather
and/or in areas where road salts and other
corrosive materials are used, the door
hinges and locks, and hood latch should
be inspected and lubricated periodically.
Information Provided by:
Cleaning the interior
Use a soft, damp cloth to clean the climate
control panel, audio equipment, instrument panel, center console, combination
meter panel, and switches. (Do not use
organic solvents.)
& Seat fabric
Remove loose dirt, dust or debris with a
vacuum cleaner. If the dirt is caked on the
fabric or hard to remove with a vacuum
cleaner, use a soft brush then vacuum it.
Wipe the fabric surface with a tightly
wrung cloth and dry the seat fabric
thoroughly. If the fabric is still dirty, wipe
using a solution of mild soap and lukewarm water then dry thoroughly.
If the stain does not come out, try a
commercially-available fabric cleaner. Use
the cleaner on a hidden place and make
sure it does not affect the fabric adversely.
Use the cleaner according to its instructions.
NOTE
When cleaning the seat, do not use
benzine, paint thinner, or any similar
materials.
& Leather seat materials
The leather used by SUBARU is a high
quality natural product which will retain its
distinctive appearance and feel for many
years with proper care.
Allowing dust or road dirt to build up on the
surface can cause the material to become
brittle and to wear prematurely. Regular
cleaning with a soft, moist, natural fiber
cloth should be performed monthly, taking
care not to soak the leather or allow water
to penetrate the stitched seams.
A mild detergent suitable for cleaning
woolen fabrics may be used to remove
difficult dirt spots, rubbing with a soft, dry
cloth afterwards to restore the luster. If
your SUBARU is to be parked for a long
time in bright sunlight, it is recommended
that the seats and headrests be covered,
or the windows shaded, to prevent fading
or shrinkage.
Minor surface blemishes or bald patches
may be treated with a commercial leather
spray lacquer. You will discover that each
leather seat section will develop soft folds
or wrinkles, which is characteristic of
genuine leather.
& Synthetic leather upholstery
The synthetic leather material used on the
SUBARU may be cleaned using mild soap
or detergent and water, after first vacuuming or brushing away loose dirt. Allow the
soap to soak in for a few minutes and wipe
off with a clean, damp cloth. Commercial
foam-type cleaners suitable for synthetic
leather materials may be used when
necessary.
NOTE
Strong cleaning agents such as solvents, paint thinners, window cleaner
or gasoline must never be used on
leather or synthetic interior materials.
& Climate control panel, audio
panel, instrument panel,
console panel, and switches
Use a soft, damp cloth to clean the climate
control panel, audio equipment, instrument panel, center console, combination
meter panel, and switches.
NOTE
Do not use organic solvents such as
paint thinners or gasoline, or strong
cleaning agents that contain those
solvents.
Appearance care 10-5
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
10-6 Appearance care
& Navigation monitor (if
equipped)
To clean the navigation monitor, wipe it
with a silicone cloth or with a soft cloth. If
the navigation monitor is extremely dirty,
clean it with a soft cloth moistened with
neutral detergent then carefully wipe off
any remaining detergent.
NOTE
. Do not spray neutral detergent directly onto the monitor. Doing so could
damage the monitor’s components.
. Do not wipe the monitor with a hard
cloth. Doing so could scratch the
monitor.
. Do not use cleaning fluid that contains thinner, gasoline, or any other
volatile substance. Such cleaning fluid
could erase the lettering on the
switches at the bottom of the monitor.
Information Provided by:
Maintenance schedule ....................................... 11-3
Maintenance precautions................................... 11-3
Before checking or servicing in the engine
compartment.................................................... 11-4
When you do checking or servicing in the engine
compartment while the engine is running.......... 11-4
Engine hood ....................................................... 11-5
Engine compartment overview.......................... 11-6
Non-turbo models .............................................. 11-6
Turbo models..................................................... 11-7
Engine oil............................................................ 11-8
Checking the oil level ......................................... 11-8
Changing the oil and oil filter.............................. 11-9
Recommended grade and viscosity .................. 11-11
Recommended grade and viscosity under severe
driving conditions .......................................... 11-12
Synthetic oil..................................................... 11-12
Cooling system ................................................ 11-12
Cooling fan, hose and connections................... 11-12
Engine coolant ................................................. 11-13
Air cleaner element .......................................... 11-15
Replacing the air cleaner element ..................... 11-16
Spark plugs ...................................................... 11-18
Recommended spark plugs .............................. 11-18
Drive belts ........................................................ 11-18
Manual transmission oil .................................. 11-19
Checking the oil level ....................................... 11-19
Recommended grade and viscosity .................. 11-20
Automatic transmission fluid .......................... 11-20
Checking the fluid level .................................... 11-20
Recommended fluid ......................................... 11-21
Front differential gear oil (AT models) ........... 11-21
Checking the oil level ...................................... 11-21
Recommended grade and viscosity .................. 11-22
Rear differential gear oil.................................. 11-22
Checking the gear oil level............................... 11-22
Recommended grade and viscosity .................. 11-23
Power steering fluid ........................................ 11-24
Checking the fluid level.................................... 11-24
Recommended fluid ......................................... 11-25
Brake fluid........................................................ 11-25
Checking the fluid level.................................... 11-25
Recommended brake fluid ............................... 11-26
Clutch fluid (MT models) ................................. 11-26
Checking the fluid level.................................... 11-26
Recommended clutch fluid............................... 11-27
Brake booster .................................................. 11-27
Brake pedal ...................................................... 11-28
Checking the brake pedal free play .................. 11-28
Checking the brake pedal reserve distance....... 11-28
Clutch pedal (MT models) ............................... 11-28
Checking the clutch function............................ 11-28
Checking the clutch pedal free play.................. 11-29
Hill start assist system (MT models).............. 11-29
Replacement of brake pad and lining ............ 11-29
Breaking-in of new brake pads and linings ....... 11-30
Parking brake stroke ....................................... 11-30
Tires and wheels.............................................. 11-31
Types of tires................................................... 11-31
Maintenance and service
11
Information Provided by:
Maintenance and service
Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS)
(U.S.-spec. models) ........................................ 11-31
Tire inspection ................................................. 11-33
Tire pressures and wear ................................... 11-33
Wheel balance.................................................. 11-35
Wear indicators ................................................ 11-35
Tire rotation direction mark .............................. 11-36
Tire rotation ..................................................... 11-36
Tire replacement .............................................. 11-37
Wheel replacement........................................... 11-37
Wheel covers (if equipped) ............................... 11-38
Aluminum wheels............................................. 11-38
Windshield washer fluid .................................. 11-39
Replacement of wiper blades.......................... 11-40
Windshield wiper blade assembly ..................... 11-41
Windshield wiper blade rubber ......................... 11-41
Rear window wiper blade assembly .................. 11-42
Rear window wiper blade rubber ...................... 11-43
Battery .............................................................. 11-44
Fuses................................................................ 11-45
Main fuse.......................................................... 11-46
Installation of accessories .............................. 11-47
Replacing bulbs............................................... 11-47
Headlights (models with HID headlights)........... 11-47
Headlights (models without HID headlights)...... 11-47
Position light ................................................... 11-50
Front turn signal light ...................................... 11-50
Rear combination lights ................................... 11-50
License plate light ........................................... 11-51
Dome light, map light, cargo area light and
door step light ............................................... 11-51
Other bulbs ..................................................... 11-52
Information Provided by:
Maintenance schedule
The scheduled maintenance items required to be serviced at regular intervals
are shown in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
For details of your maintenance schedule,
read the separate “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
Maintenance precautions
When maintenance and service are required, it is recommended that all work be
done by an authorized SUBARU dealer.
If you perform maintenance and service
by yourself, you should familiarize yourself
with the information provided in this
section on general maintenance and
service for your SUBARU.
Incorrect or incomplete service could
cause improper or unsafe vehicle operation. Any problems caused by improper
maintenance and service performed by
you are not eligible for warranty coverage.
WARNING
. Testing of an All-Wheel Drive
vehicle must NEVER be performed on a single two-wheel
dynamometer or similar apparatus. Attempting to do so will
result in transmission damage
and in uncontrolled vehicle
movement and may cause an
accident or injuries to persons
nearby.
. Always select a safe area when
performing maintenance on your
vehicle.
. Always be very careful to avoid
injury when working on the vehicle. Remember that some of the
materials in the vehicle may be
hazardous if improperly used or
handled, for example, battery
acid.
. Your vehicle should only be serviced by persons fully competent
to do so. Serious personal injury
may result to persons not experienced in servicing vehicles.
. Always use the proper tools and
make certain that they are well
maintained.
. Never get under the vehicle supported only by a jack. Always use
safety stands to support the
vehicle.
. Never keep the engine running in
a poorly ventilated area, such as
a garage or other closed areas.
. Do not smoke or allow open
flames around the fuel or battery.
This will cause a fire.
. Because the fuel system is under
pressure, replacement of the fuel
filter should be performed only
by your SUBARU dealer.
. Wear adequate eye protection to
Maintenance and service 11-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-4 Maintenance and service
guard against getting oil or fluids
in your eyes. If something does
get in your eyes, thoroughly
wash them out with clean water.
. Do not tamper with the wiring of
the SRS airbag system or seatbelt pretensioner system, or attempt to take its connectors
apart, as that may activate the
system or it can render it inoperative. NEVER use a circuit
tester for this wiring. If your
SRS airbag or seatbelt pretensioner needs service, consult
your nearest SUBARU dealer.
& Before checking or servicing
in the engine compartment
WARNING
. Always stop the engine and set
the parking brake firmly to prevent the vehicle from moving.
. Always let the engine cool down.
Engine parts become very hot
when the engine is running and
remain hot for some time after
the engine is stopped.
. Do not spill engine oil, engine
coolant, brake fluid or any other
fluid on hot engine components.
This may cause a fire.
. Always remove the key from the
ignition switch. When the ignition
switch is in the “ON” position,
the cooling fan may operate
suddenly even when the engine
is stopped.
. Before performing any servicing
on a vehicle equipped with a
remote engine start system (a
dealer option) temporarily place
that system in the service mode
to prevent it from unexpectedly
starting the engine.
& When you do checking or
servicing in the engine compartment while the engine is
running
WARNING
A running engine can be dangerous.
Keep your fingers, hands, clothing,
hair and tools away from the cooling
fan, belts and any other moving
engine parts. Removing rings,
watches and ties is advisable.
Information Provided by:
Engine hood
To open the hood:
1. If the wiper blades are lifted off the
windshield, return them to their original
position.
2. Pull the hood release knob under the
instrument panel.
3. Release the secondary hood release
by moving the lever between the front
grille and the hood toward the left.
4. Lift up the hood.
To close the hood:
1. Lower the hood to a height of approximately 5.9 in (15 cm) above its closed
position and then let it drop.
2. After closing the hood, be sure the
hood is securely locked.
If this does not close the hood, release it
from a slightly higher position. Do not push
the hood forcibly to close it. It could
deform the metal.
WARNING
Always check that the hood is
properly locked before you start
driving. If it is not, it might fly open
while the vehicle is moving and
block your view, which may cause
an accident and serious bodily injury.
Maintenance and service 11-5
Information Provided by:
11-6 Maintenance and service
Engine compartment overview
& Non-turbo models
1) Power steering fluid reservoir (page 1124)
2) Manual transmission oil level gauge (MT)
(page 11-19) or Differential gear oil level
gauge (AT) (page 11-21)
3) Clutch fluid reservoir (page 11-26)
4) Automatic transmission fluid level gauge
(page 11-20)
5) Brake fluid reservoir (page 11-25)
6) Fuse box (page 11-45)
7) Battery (page 11-44)
8) Windshield washer tank (page 11-39)
9) Engine oil filler cap (page 11-8)
10) Engine coolant reservoir (page 11-13)
11) Radiator cap (page 11-13)
12) Engine oil level gauge (page 11-8)
13) Air cleaner element (page 11-15)
Information Provided by:
& Turbo models 1) Power steering fluid reservoir
(page 11-24)
2) Manual transmission oil level gauge (MT)
(page 11-19) or Differential gear oil level
gauge (AT) (page 11-21)
3) Clutch fluid reservoir (page 11-26)
4) Automatic transmission fluid level gauge
(page 11-20)
5) Brake fluid reservoir (page 11-25)
6) Fuse box (page 11-45)
7) Battery (page 11-44)
8) Windshield washer tank (page 11-39)
9) Engine oil filler cap (page 11-8)
10) Engine coolant reservoir (page 11-13)
11) Engine oil level gauge (page 11-8)
12) Radiator cap (page 11-13)
13) Air cleaner element (page 11-15)
Maintenance and service 11-7
Information Provided by:
11-8 Maintenance and service
Engine oil
NOTE
. The engine oil consumption rate is
not stabilized, and therefore cannot be
determined until the vehicle has traveled at least several thousand miles
(kilometers). Even after break-in, when
the vehicle is used under severe driving conditions such as those mentioned in the Warranty and Maintenance Booklet, engine oil is consumed
or deteriorated more quickly than under normal driving conditions. If you
drive your vehicle under these severe
conditions, you should check the oil
level at least at every second fuel fill-up
time, and change the oil more frequently. Please refer to the Warranty
and Maintenance Booklet for more details.
. If the oil consumption rate seems
abnormally high after the break-in
period, for example more than 1 quart
per 1,200 miles or 1 liter per 2,000
kilometers, contact your SUBARU dealer.
& Checking the oil level
Check the engine oil level at each fuel
stop.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and
stop the engine.
2. Pull out the level gauge that has the
“ ” symbol on top, wipe it clean, and
insert it again.
3. Be sure the level gauge is correctly
inserted until it stops.
1) Notch
2) Upper level
3) Lower level
4. Pull out the level gauge again and
check the oil level on it. If it is below the
lower level, add oil to bring the level up to
the upper level.
CAUTION
. Use only engine oil with the
recommended grade and viscosity.
. Be careful not to spill engine oil
when adding it. If oil touches the
exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad
smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If
engine oil gets on the exhaust
Information Provided by:
pipe, be sure to wipe it off.
If you check the oil level just after stopping
the engine, wait a few minutes for the oil to
drain back into the oil pan before checking
the level.
Just after driving or while the engine is
warm, the engine oil level reading may be
in a range between the upper level and
the notch mark. This is caused by thermal
expansion of the engine oil.
To prevent overfilling the engine oil, do not
add any additional oil above the upper
level when the engine is cold.
& Changing the oil and oil filter
Change the oil and oil filter according to
the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
The engine oil and oil filter must be
changed more frequently than listed in
the maintenance schedule when driving
on dusty roads, when short trips are
frequently made, or when driving in
extremely cold weather.
1. Warm up the engine by letting the
engine idle for approximately 10 minutes
to ease draining the engine oil.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and
stop the engine.
3. Remove the oil filler cap.
Turbo models
Non-turbo models
4. Drain out the engine oil by removing
the drain plug while the engine is still
warm. The used oil should be drained into
an appropriate container and disposed of
properly.
WARNING
Be careful not to burn yourself with
hot engine oil.
5. Wipe the seating surface of the drain
plug with a clean cloth and tighten it
securely with a new sealing washer after
the oil has completely drained out.
6. Remove the under cover.
Non-turbo models
Maintenance and service 11-9
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-10 Maintenance and service
Turbo models
7. Remove the oil filter with an oil filter
wrench.
8. Before installing a new oil filter, apply a
thin coat of engine oil to the seal.
9. Clean the rubber seal seating area of
the bottom of engine and install the oil
filter by hand turning. Be careful not to
twist or damage the seal.
10. Tighten the oil filter by the amount
indicated in the following table after the
seal makes contact with the bottom of
engine.
Oil filter color Part number Amount ofrotation
Black 15208AA100 1 rotation
Blue 15208AA12A 7/8rotation
CAUTION
. Never over tighten the oil filter
because that can result in an oil
leak.
. Thoroughly wipe off any engine
oil that has spilled over the
exhaust pipe and/or under-cover.
If spilled oil is not promptly
wiped up, the oil could cause a
fire.
11. Reinstall under cover.
12. Pour engine oil through the filler neck.
Oil capacity (guideline):
4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt)
The oil quantity indicated above is only
guideline.
The necessary quantity of oil depends on
the quantity of oil that has been drained.
The quantity of drained oil differs slightly
depending on the temperature of the oil
and the time the oil is left flowing out. After
refilling the engine with oil, therefore, you
must use the level gauge to confirm that
the level is correct.
13. Start the engine and make sure that no
oil leaks appear around the filter’s rubber
seal and drain plug.
14. Run the engine until it reaches the
normal operating temperature. Then stop
the engine and wait a few minutes to allow
the oil drain back. Check the oil level
again and if necessary, add more engine
oil.
CAUTION
Be careful not to spill engine oil
when adding it. If oil touches the
exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad
smell, smoke, and/or a fire.
Information Provided by:
& Recommended grade and
viscosity
Oil grade:
ILSAC GF-4, which can be identified with
the ILSAC certification mark (Starburst
mark)
or API classification SM with the words
“ENERGY CONSERVING”
These recommended oil grades can be
identified by looking for either or both of
the following marks displayed on the oil
container.
API Service label
1) Indicates the oil quality by API designations
2) Indicates the SAE oil viscosity grade
3) Indicates that the oil has fuel saving
capabilities
ILSAC Certification Mark (Starburst Mark)
In choosing an oil, you want the proper
quality and viscosity, as well as one that
will add to fuel economy. The following
table lists the recommended viscosities
and applicable temperatures.
When adding oil, different brands may be
used together as long as they are the
same API classification and SAE viscosity
as those recommended by SUBARU.
SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature
*: 5W-30 is preferred.
Engine oil viscosity (thickness) affects fuel
economy. Oils of lower viscosity provide
better fuel economy. However, in hot
weather, oil of higher viscosity is required
to properly lubricate the engine.
CAUTION
Use only engine oil with the recommended grade and viscosity.
Maintenance and service 11-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-12 Maintenance and service
& Recommended grade and
viscosity under severe driving conditions
If the vehicle is used in desert areas, in
areas with very high temperatures, or is
used for heavy-duty applications, use of
oil with the following grade and viscosities
is recommended.
API classification SM (or SL):
SAE viscosity No.: 30, 40, 10W-50,
20W-40, 20W-50
& Synthetic oil
You can use synthetic engine oil that
meets the same requirements given for
conventional engine oil. When using
synthetic oil, you must use oil of the same
classification, viscosity and grade shown
in this Owner’s Manual, and must follow
the oil and filter changing intervals shown
in the maintenance schedule.
Cooling system
WARNING
Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been
shut off and has cooled down
completely. Since the coolant is
under pressure, you may suffer
serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is
removed.
CAUTION
. Vehicles are filled at the factory
with SUBARU Super Coolant that
does not require the first change
for 11 years/137,500 miles (11
years/220,000 km). This coolant
should not be mixed with any
other brand or type of coolant
during this period. Mixing with a
different coolant will reduce the
life of the coolant. Should it be
necessary to top up the coolant
for any reason, use only
SUBARU Super Coolant.
If the SUBARU Super Coolant is
diluted with another brand or
type, the maintenance interval is
shortened to that of the mixing
coolant.
. Do not splash the engine coolant
over painted parts. The alcohol
contained in the engine coolant
may damage the paint surface.
& Cooling fan, hose and connections
Your vehicle employs an electric cooling
fan which is thermostatically controlled to
operate when the engine coolant reaches
a specific temperature.
If the radiator cooling fan does not operate
even when the coolant temperature high
warning light blinks or illuminates in RED,
the cooling fan circuit may be defective.
Check the fuse and replace it if necessary.
If the fuse is not blown, have the cooling
system checked by your SUBARU dealer.
If frequent addition of coolant is necessary, there may be a leak in the engine
cooling system. It is recommended that
the cooling system and connections be
checked for leaks, damage, or looseness.
Information Provided by:
& Engine coolant
! Checking the coolant level
1) “FULL” level mark
2) “LOW” level mark
Check the coolant level at each fuel stop.
1. Check the coolant level on the outside
of the reservoir while the engine is cool.
2. If the level is close to or lower than the
“LOW” level mark, add coolant up to the
“FULL” level mark. If the reserve tank is
empty, remove the radiator cap and refill
as required.
3. After refilling the reserve tank and the
radiator, reinstall the caps and check that
the rubber gaskets inside the radiator cap
are in the proper position.
CAUTION
. Be careful not to spill engine
coolant when adding it. If coolant
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or
a fire. If engine coolant gets on
the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe
it off.
. Do not splash the engine coolant
over painted parts. The alcohol
contained in the engine coolant
may damage the paint surface.
! Changing the coolant
WARNING
Never attempt to remove the radiator cap until the engine has been
shut off and has cooled down
completely. Since the coolant is
under pressure, you may suffer
serious burns from a spray of boiling hot coolant when the cap is
removed.
Always add genuine SUBARU cooling
system conditioner whenever the coolant
is replaced.
Change the engine coolant and add
genuine SUBARU cooling system conditioner using the following procedures
according to the maintenance schedule.
1. Remove the under cover.
Maintenance and service 11-13
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-14 Maintenance and service
2. Place a proper container under the
drain plug and loosen the drain plug.
3. Loosen the radiator cap to drain the
coolant from the radiator. Then drain the
coolant from the reserve tank. Tighten the
drain plug securely.
NOTE (turbo models only)
The cap (without tabs) on top of the
radiator does not need to be removed.
To add coolant, remove the cap (with
tabs) on the coolant tank on top of the
engine.
4. Install the under cover.
Non-turbo models
1) Fill up to this level
Turbo models
1) Fill up to this level
5. Slowly pour the coolant and fill up to
just below the filler neck, allowing enough
room to add genuine SUBARU cooling
system conditioner in the radiator. Add
genuine SUBARU cooling system conditioner until the coolant level reaches the
filler neck. Do not pour the coolant too
quickly, as this may lead to insufficient air
bleeding and trapped air in the system.
Guideline of coolant quantity (including
coolant in reservoir tank):
Non-turbo models:
MT: 7.2 US qt (6.8 liters, 6.0 Imp qt)
AT: 7.1 US qt (6.7 liters, 5.9 Imp qt)
Turbo models:
8.5 US qt (8.0 liters, 7.0 Imp qt)
Information Provided by:
1) “FULL” level mark
2) “LOW” level mark
CAUTION
. Be careful not to spill engine
coolant when adding it. If coolant
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or
a fire. If engine coolant gets on
the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe
it off.
. Do not splash the engine coolant
over painted parts. The alcohol
contained in the engine coolant
may damage the paint surface.
6. Pour the coolant and fill to the reservoir tank’s “FULL” level mark.
7. Put the radiator cap back on and
tighten firmly. At this time, make sure that
the rubber gasket in the radiator cap is
correctly in place.
8. Start and race the engine at 2,000 to
3,000 rpm for 5 to 6 times within 40
seconds.
9. Stop the engine and wait until the
coolant cools down (122 to 1408F [50 to
608C]). If there is any loss of coolant, add
coolant to the radiator’s filler neck and to
the reserve tank’s “FULL” level.
10. Put the radiator cap and reservoir cap
back on and tighten firmly.
Air cleaner element
WARNING
Do not operate the engine with the
air cleaner element removed. The air
cleaner element not only filters
intake air but also stops flames if
the engine backfires. If the air
cleaner element is not installed
when the engine backfires, you
could be burned.
CAUTION
When replacing the air cleaner element, use a genuine SUBARU air
cleaner element. If it is not used,
there is the possibility of causing a
negative effect to the engine.
The air cleaner element functions as a
filter screen. When the element is perforated or removed, engine wear will be
excessive and engine life shortened.
The air cleaner element is a dry type. It is
unnecessary to clean or wash the element.
Maintenance and service 11-15
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-16 Maintenance and service
& Replacing the air cleaner
element
Replace the air cleaner element according
to the maintenance schedule in the
“Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”. Under extremely dusty conditions, replace it
more frequently. It is recommended that
you always use genuine SUBARU parts.
! Non-turbo models
1) Connector
2) Clip
3) Clamp
4) Air intake boot
5) Clip
1. Unplug the connector that is attached
to the top of the air cleaner case.
2. Detach the connector cable from the
clip on the right side on the air cleaner
case.
3. Loosen the screw of the clamp and
pull the air intake boot out of the air
cleaner case.
4. Unsnap the two clips holding the air
cleaner case cover.
5. Open the air cleaner case cover and
remove the air cleaner element.
6. Clean the inside of the air cleaner case
and case cover with a damp cloth and
install a new air cleaner element.
7. To install the air cleaner case cover,
insert the three projections on the air
cleaner case cover into the slits on the
air cleaner case.
8. Install in the reverse order of removal.
Information Provided by:
! Turbo models
1. Use a screwdriver to undo the clips on
the air intake duct, then remove the air
intake duct.
1) Connector
2) Clip
2. Unplug the connector that is attached
to the top of the air cleaner case.
3. Unsnap the two clips holding the air
cleaner case cover.
4. Open the air cleaner case cover and
remove the air cleaner element.
5. Clean the inside of the air cleaner case
and case cover with a damp cloth and
install a new air cleaner element.
6. If the air cleaner case cover has been
removed, insert the three projections on
the air cleaner case cover into the slits on
the air cleaner case.
7. Install in the reverse order of removal.
Maintenance and service 11-17
Information Provided by:
11-18 Maintenance and service
Spark plugs
It may be difficult to replace the spark
plugs. It is recommended that you have
the spark plugs replaced by your
SUBARU dealer.
The spark plugs should be replaced
according to the maintenance schedule
in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
CAUTION
. When disconnecting the spark
plug cables, always grasp the
spark plug cap, not the cables.
. Make sure the cables are replaced in the correct order.
& Recommended spark plugs
Non-turbo models:
FR5AP-11 (NGK)
Turbo models:
SILFR6A (NGK)
Drive belts
1) Power steering oil pump pulley
2) Front side belt
3) Alternator pulley
4) Air conditioner compressor pulley
5) Rear side belt
6) Crank pulley
A) 22 lbf (98 N, 10 kgf)
CAUTION
The front side belt, which runs in
conjunction with the following components, must be used within the
specified deflection.
. Power steering oil pump pulley
. Alternator pulley
. Crank pulley
Information Provided by:
Check the deflection of the front
side belt and if there is any looseness, cracks, wear or unusual noise
on the front side belt, contact your
SUBARU dealer.
Continuing to use the vehicle with
the belt outside of the specification
may cause the engine to malfunction and the above components to
malfunction.
To check the deflection of the front side
belt, place a straightedge (ruler) across
two adjacent pulleys (alternator pulley and
crank pulley) and apply a force of 22 lbf
(98 N, 10 kgf) midway between the pulleys
by using a spring scale. The belt deflection should be the amount specified. If the
front side belt is loose, cracked or worn,
contact your SUBARU dealer.
in (mm)
Deflection
New belt Used belt
A
0.28 – 0.35
(7.0 – 9.0)
0.35 – 0.43
(9.0 – 11.0)
The rear side belt is a stretch-type belt,
therefore the deflection does not need to
be checked. If there are cracks or wear
confirmed on the belts and a squeaking
sound is heard from them, contact your
SUBARU dealer.
Manual transmission oil
& Checking the oil level
1) Yellow handle
Check the oil level monthly.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and
stop the engine.
2. Pull out the level gauge, wipe it clean,
and insert it again.
1) Upper level
2) Lower level
3. Pull out the level gauge again and
check the oil level on it. If it is below the
lower level, add oil through the level
gauge hole to bring the level up to the
upper level.
CAUTION
Be careful not to spill manual transmission oil when adding it. If oil
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a
fire. If oil gets on the exhaust pipe,
be sure to wipe it off.
Maintenance and service 11-19
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-20 Maintenance and service
& Recommended grade and
viscosity
Each oil manufacturer has its own base
oils and additives. Never use different
brands together.
Oil grade:
API classification GL-5
SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature
Automatic transmission fluid
& Checking the fluid level
The automatic transmission fluid expands
largely as its temperature rises; the fluid
level differs according to fluid temperature.
Therefore, there are two different scales
for checking the level of hot fluid and cold
fluid on the level gauge.
Though the fluid level can be checked
without warming up the fluid on the
“COLD” range, it is recommended to
check the fluid level when the fluid is at
operating temperature.
! Checking the fluid level when the
fluid is hot
1. Drive the vehicle several miles to raise
the temperature of the transmission fluid
up to normal operating temperature; 158
to 1768F (70 to 808C) is normal.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and
set the parking brake.
3. First shift the selector lever in each
position. Then shift it in the “P” position,
and run the engine at idling speed.
1) Yellow handle
1) HOT range
2) COLD range
3) Upper level
4) Lower level
Information Provided by:
4. Pull out the level gauge and check the
fluid level on the gauge. If it is below the
lower level on the “HOT” range, add the
recommended automatic transmission
fluid up to the upper level.
! Checking the fluid level when the
fluid is cold
When the fluid level has to be checked
without time to warm up the automatic
transmission, check to see that the fluid
level is between the lower level and upper
level on the “COLD” range. If it is below
that range, add fluid up to the upper level.
Be careful not to overfill.
CAUTION
Be careful not to spill automatic
transmission fluid when adding it.
If automatic transmission fluid
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a
fire. If automatic transmission fluid
gets on the exhaust pipe, be sure to
wipe it off.
& Recommended fluid
Use one of the following types of automatic transmission fluid.
SUBARU ATF
IDEMITSU ATF HP
NOTE
Using any non-specified type of automatic transmission fluid could result in
damage inside the transmission. When
replacing the automatic transmission
fluid, be sure to use the kind specified.
Front differential gear oil (AT
models)
& Checking the oil level
1) Yellow handle
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and
stop the engine.
2. Pull out the level gauge, wipe it clean,
and insert it again.
Maintenance and service 11-21
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-22 Maintenance and service
1) Upper level
2) Lower level
3. Pull out the level gauge again and
check the oil level on it. If it is below the
lower level, add oil to bring the level up to
the upper level.
CAUTION
Be careful not to spill front differential gear oil when adding it. If oil
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or a
fire. If oil gets on the exhaust pipe,
be sure to wipe it off.
& Recommended grade and
viscosity
Each oil manufacturer has its own base
oils and additives. Never use different
brands together.
Oil grade:
API classification GL-5
SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature
Rear differential gear oil
& Checking the gear oil level
1) Filler plug
2) Drain plug
Information Provided by:
1) Filler hole
2) Drain hole
3) Oil level
Remove the plug from the filler hole and
check the oil level. The oil level should be
kept even with the bottom of the filler hole.
If the oil level is below the bottom edge of
the hole, add oil through the filler hole to
raise the level.
CAUTION
. Be careful not to spill rear differential gear oil when adding it. If
rear differential gear oil touches
the exhaust pipe, it may cause a
bad smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If
rear differential gear oil gets on
the exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe
it off.
. If the vehicle requires frequent
refilling, there may be an oil leak.
If you suspect a problem, have
the vehicle checked at your
SUBARU dealer.
& Recommended grade and
viscosity
Each oil manufacturer has its own base
oils and additives. Never use different
brands together.
Oil grade:
API classification GL-5
SAE viscosity No. and applicable temperature
Maintenance and service 11-23
Information Provided by:
11-24 Maintenance and service
Power steering fluid
& Checking the fluid level
The power steering fluid expands greatly
as its temperature rises; the fluid level
differs according to fluid temperature.
Therefore, the reservoir tank has two
different checking ranges for hot and cold
fluids.
Check the power steering fluid level
monthly.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface,
and stop the engine.
2. Check the fluid level of the reservoir
tank.
When the fluid is hot after the vehicle has
been run: Check that the oil level is
between “HOT MIN” and “HOT MAX” on
the surface of the reservoir tank.
When the fluid is cool before the vehicle is
run: Check that the oil level is between
“COLD MIN” and “COLD MAX” on the
surface of the reservoir tank.
3. If the fluid level is lower than the
applicable “MIN” line, add the recommended fluid as necessary to bring the
level between the “MIN” and “MAX” line.
If the fluid level is extremely low, it may
indicate possible leakage. Consult your
SUBARU dealer for an inspection.
WARNING
Be careful not to burn yourself
because the fluid may be hot.
CAUTION
. When power steering fluid is
being added, use only clean fluid,
and be careful not to allow any
dirt into the tank. And never use
different brands together.
. Avoid spilling fluid when adding
it in the tank.
. Be careful not to spill power
steering fluid when adding it. If
power steering fluid touches the
exhaust pipe, it may cause a bad
smell, smoke, and/or a fire. If
power steering fluid gets on the
exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it
off.
Information Provided by:
& Recommended fluid
Use one of the following types of automatic transmission fluid.
SUBARU ATF
IDEMITSU ATF HP
“Dexron III” Type Automatic Transmission Fluid
Brake fluid
& Checking the fluid level
1) “MAX” level mark
2) “MIN” level mark
Check the fluid level monthly.
Check the fluid level on the outside of the
reservoir. If the level is below “MIN”, add
the recommended brake fluid to “MAX”.
Use only brake fluid from a sealed
container.
WARNING
. Never let brake fluid contact your
eyes because brake fluid can be
harmful to your eyes. If brake
fluid gets in your eyes, immediately flush them thoroughly with
clean water. For safety, when
performing this work, wearing
eye protection is advisable.
. Brake fluid absorbs moisture
from the air. Any absorbed moisture can cause a dangerous loss
of braking performance.
. If the vehicle requires frequent
refilling, there may be a leak. If
you suspect a problem, have the
vehicle checked at your SUBARU
dealer.
CAUTION
. When adding brake fluid, be careful not to allow any dirt into the
reservoir.
. Never splash the brake fluid over
painted surfaces or rubber parts.
Alcohol contained in the brake
fluid may damage them.
. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
when adding it. If brake fluid
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or
a fire. If brake fluid gets on the
exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it
off.
Maintenance and service 11-25
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-26 Maintenance and service
& Recommended brake fluid
FMVSS No. 116, fresh DOT 3 or DOT 4
brake fluid
CAUTION
Never use different brands of brake
fluid together. Also, avoid mixing
DOT 3 and DOT 4 brake fluids even if
they are the same brand.
Clutch fluid (MT models)
& Checking the fluid level
Check the fluid level on the outside of the
reservoir. If the level is below “MIN” level
mark, add the recommended clutch fluid
to “MAX” level mark.
Use only clutch fluid from a sealed
container.
WARNING
Never let clutch fluid contact your
eyes because clutch fluid can be
harmful to your eyes. If clutch fluid
gets in your eyes, immediately flush
them thoroughly with clean water.
For safety, when performing this
work, wearing eye protection is
advisable.
CAUTION
. Clutch fluid absorbs moisture
from the air. Any absorbed moisture can cause improper clutch
operation.
. If the vehicle requires frequent
refilling, there may be a leak. If
you suspect a problem, have the
vehicle checked at your SUBARU
dealer.
. Never use different brands of
clutch fluid together.
. When clutch fluid is added, be
careful not to allow any dirt into
the tank.
. Never splash the clutch fluid over
painted surfaces or rubber parts.
Alcohol contained in the clutch
fluid may damage them.
. Be careful not to spill clutch fluid
when adding it. If clutch fluid
touches the exhaust pipe, it may
cause a bad smell, smoke, and/or
a fire. If clutch fluid gets on the
exhaust pipe, be sure to wipe it
off.
Information Provided by:
& Recommended clutch fluid
FMVSS No. 116, fresh DOT 3 or DOT 4
brake fluid
CAUTION
Never use different brands of clutch
fluid together. Also, avoid mixing
DOT 3 and DOT 4 brake fluids even if
they are the same brand.
Brake booster
If the brake booster does not operate as
described in the following, have it checked
by your SUBARU dealer.
1. With the engine off, depress the brake
pedal several times, applying the same
pedal force each time. The distance the
pedal travels should not vary.
2. With the brake pedal depressed, start
the engine. The pedal should move
slightly down to the floor.
3. With the brake pedal depressed, stop
the engine and keep the pedal depressed
for 30 seconds. The pedal height should
not change.
4. Start the engine again and run for
approximately 1 minute then turn it off.
Depress the brake pedal several times to
check the brake booster. The brake
booster operates properly if the pedal
stroke decreases with each depression.
NOTE
For vehicles equipped with the brake
assist system, when you depress the
brake pedal strongly or suddenly, the
following phenomena occur. However,
even though these occur, they do not
indicate any malfunctions, and the
brake assist system is operating properly.
. You might feel that the brake pedal
is applied by lighter force and generates a greater braking force.
. You might hear clicking (knocking)
sounds around brake pedal.
Brake assist is not a system that brings
more braking ability to the vehicle
beyond its breaking capability.
Maintenance and service 11-27
Information Provided by:
11-28 Maintenance and service
Brake pedal
Check the brake pedal free play and
reserve distance according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and
Maintenance Booklet”.
& Checking the brake pedal
free play
1) 0.02 – 0.08 in (0.5 – 2.0 mm)
Stop the engine and firmly depress the
brake pedal several times. Lightly pull the
brake pedal up with one finger to check
the free play with a force of less than 2 lbf
(10 N, 1 kgf).
If the free play is not within proper
specification, contact your SUBARU dealer.
& Checking the brake pedal
reserve distance
1) More than 2.56 in (65 mm)
Depress the pedal with a force of approximately 66 lbf (294 N, 30 kgf) and measure
the distance between the upper surface of
the pedal pad and the floor.
When the measurement is smaller than
the specification, or when the pedal does
not operate smoothly, contact with your
SUBARU dealer.
Clutch pedal (MT models)
Check the clutch pedal free play and
reserve distance according to the maintenance schedule in the “Warranty and
Maintenance Booklet”.
& Checking the clutch function
Check the clutch engagement and disengagement.
1. With the engine idling, check that there
are no abnormal noises when the clutch
pedal is depressed, and that shifting into
1st or reverse feels smooth.
2. Start the vehicle by releasing the pedal
slowly to check that the engine and
transmission smoothly couple without
any sign of slippage.
Information Provided by:
& Checking the clutch pedal
free play
1) 0.16 – 0.51 in (4.0 – 13.0 mm)
Lightly press the clutch pedal down with
your finger until you feel resistance, and
check the free play.
If the free play is not within proper
specification, contact your SUBARU dealer.
Hill start assist system (MT
models)
Ensure that the Hill start assist system
operates properly under the following
circumstances:
1. Stop the vehicle on an uphill grade by
depressing the brake pedal and clutch
pedal, with the engine running.
2. Make sure that the vehicle does not
move backward even after the brake
pedal is released.
3. Then make sure the vehicle starts
climbing the grade by following the normal
starting procedures.
If the Hill start assist system does not
operate as described above, contact with
your SUBARU dealer.
Replacement of brake pad
and lining
The right front disc brake and the right rear
disc brake have audible wear indicators
on the brake pads. If the brake pads wear
close to their service limit, the wear
indicator makes a very audible scraping
noise when the brake pedal is applied.
If you hear this scraping noise each time
you apply the brake pedal, have the brake
pads serviced by your SUBARU dealer as
soon as possible.
CAUTION
If you continue to drive despite the
scraping noise from the audible
brake pad wear indicator, it will
Maintenance and service 11-29
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-30 Maintenance and service
result in the need for costly brake
rotor repair or replacement.
& Breaking-in of new brake
pads and linings
When replacing the brake pad or lining,
use only genuine SUBARU parts. After
replacement, the new parts must be
broken in as follows.
! Brake pad and lining
While maintaining a speed of 30 to 40
mph (50 to 65 km/h), step on the brake
pedal lightly. Repeat this five or more
times.
! Parking brake lining
1. Drive the vehicle at a speed of
approximately 22 mph (35 km/h).
2. With the parking brake release button
pushed in, pull the parking brake lever
SLOWLY and GENTLY (pulling with a
force of approximately 33 lbf [147 N, 15
kgf]).
3. Drive the vehicle for approximately
220 yards (200 meters) in this condition.
4. Wait 5 to 10 minutes for the parking
brake to cool down. Repeat this procedure.
5. Check the parking brake stroke. If the
parking brake stroke is out of the specified
range, adjust it by turning the adjusting nut
located on the parking brake lever.
Parking brake stroke:
7 – 8 notches / 45 lbf (200 N, 20.4 kgf)
WARNING
A safe location and situation should
be selected for break-in driving.
CAUTION
Pulling the parking brake lever too
forcefully may cause the rear
wheels to lock. To avoid this, be
certain to pull the lever up slowly
and gently.
Parking brake stroke
Check the parking brake stroke according
to the maintenance schedule in the
“Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.
When the parking brake is properly
adjusted, braking power is fully applied
by pulling the lever up 7 to 8 notches
gently but firmly (approximately 45 lbf [200
N, 20.4 kgf]). If the parking brake lever
stroke is not within the specified range,
have the brake system checked and
adjusted at your SUBARU dealer.
Information Provided by:
Tires and wheels
& Types of tires
You should be familiar with type of tires
present on your vehicle.
The factory-fitted tires are all-season tires.
! All season tires
All season tires are designed to provide
an adequate measure of traction, handling
and braking performance in year-round
driving including snowy and icy road
conditions. However all season tires do
not offer as much traction performance as
winter (snow) tires in heavy or loose snow
or on icy roads.
All season tires are identified by “ALL
SEASON” and/or “M+S” (Mud & Snow) on
the tire sidewall.
! Summer tires
Summer tires are high-speed capability
tires best suited for highway driving under
dry conditions.
Summer tires are inadequate for driving
on slippery roads such as on snowcovered or icy roads.
If you drive your vehicle on snow-covered
or icy roads, we strongly recommend the
use of winter (snow) tires.
When installing winter tires, be sure to
replace all four tires.
! Winter (snow) tires
Winter tires are best suited for driving on
snow-covered and icy roads. However
winter tires do not perform as well as
summer tires and all season tires on roads
other than snow-covered and icy roads.
& Tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS) (U.S.-spec.
models)
The tire pressure monitoring system provides the driver with a warning message
by sending a signal from a sensor that is
installed in each wheel when tire pressure
is severely low. The tire pressure monitoring system will activate only when the
vehicle is driven. Also, this system may
not react immediately to a sudden drop in
tire pressure (for example, a blow-out
caused by running over a sharp object).
If you adjust the tire pressures in a warm
garage and will then drive the vehicle in
cold outside air, the resulting drop in tire
pressures may cause the low tire pressure
warning light to illuminate. To avoid this
problem when adjusting the tire pressures
in a warm garage, inflate the tires to
pressures higher than those shown on the
tire placard. Specifically, inflate them by an
extra 1 psi (6.9 kPa, 0.07 kgf/cm2) for
every difference of 108F (5.68C) between
the temperature in the garage and the
temperature outside. By way of example,
the following table shows the required tire
pressures that correspond to various outside temperatures when the temperature
in the garage is 608F (15.68C).
Example:
Tire size: P215/65R16 96H
Standard tire pressures:
Front: 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2)
Rear: 29 psi (200 kPa, 2.0 kgf/cm2)
Garage temperature: 608F (15.68C)
Outside
temperature
Adjusted pressure
[psi (kPa, kgf/cm2)]
front rear
308F (−18C) 33(230, 2.3)
32
(220, 2.2)
108F (−128C) 35(240, 2.4)
34
(235, 2.35)
−108F (−238C) 37(255, 2.55)
36
(250, 2.5)
Example:
Tire size: P225/55R17 95H
Standard tire pressures:
Front: 32 psi (220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2)
Rear: 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2)
Garage temperature: 608F (15.68C)
Maintenance and service 11-31
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-32 Maintenance and service
Outside
temperature
Adjusted pressure
[psi (kPa, kgf/cm2)]
front rear
308F (−18C)
35
(240, 2.4)
33
(230, 2.3)
108F (−128C)
37
(255, 2.55)
35
(240, 2.4)
−108F (−238C) 39(270, 2.7)
37
(255, 2.55)
If the low tire pressure warning light
illuminates when you drive the vehicle in
cold outside air after adjusting the tire
pressures in a warm garage, re-adjust the
tire pressures using the method described
above. Then, increase the vehicle speed
to at least 20 mph (32 km/h) and check to
see that the low tire pressure warning light
turns off a few minutes later. If the low tire
pressure warning light does not turn off,
the tire pressure monitoring system may
not be functioning normally. In this event,
go to a SUBARU dealer to have the
system inspected as soon as possible.
While the vehicle is driven, friction between tires and the road surface causes
the tires to warm up. After illumination of
the low tire pressure warning light, any
increase in the tire pressures caused by
an increase in the outside air temperature
or by an increase in the temperature in the
tires can cause the low tire pressure
warning light to turn off.
System resetting is necessary when the
wheels are changed (for example, a
switch to snow tires) and new TPMS
valves are installed on the newly fitted
wheels. Have this work performed by a
SUBARU dealer following wheel replacement.
It may not be possible to install TPMS
valves on certain wheels that are on the
market. Therefore, if you change the
wheels (for example, a switch to snow
tires), use wheels that have the same part
number as the standard-equipment
wheels. Without four operational TPMS
valve/sensors on the wheels, the TPMS
will not fully function and the warning light
in the instrument panel will illuminate
steadily after blinking for approximately
one minute.
When a tire is replaced, adjustments are
necessary to ensure continued normal
operation of the tire pressure monitoring
system. As with wheel replacement, therefore, you should have the work performed
by a SUBARU dealer.
WARNING
If the low tire pressure warning light
does not illuminate briefly after the
ignition switch is turned ON or the
light illuminates steadily after blinking for approximately one minute,
you should have your Tire Pressure
Monitoring System checked at a
SUBARU dealer as soon as possible.
If this light illuminates while driving,
never brake suddenly and keep
driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly
pull off the road to a safe place.
Otherwise an accident involving
serious vehicle damage and serious
personal injury could occur.
If this light still illuminates while
driving after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire may have significant
damage and a fast leak that causes
the tire to lose air rapidly. If you have
a flat tire, replace it with a spare tire
as soon as possible.
When a spare tire is mounted or a
wheel rim is replaced without the
original pressure sensor/transmitter
being transferred, the low tire pressure warning light will illuminate
steadily after blinking for approxiInformation Provided by:
mately one minute. This indicates
the TPMS is unable to monitor all
four road wheels. Contact your
SUBARU dealer as soon as possible
for tire and sensor replacement and/
or system resetting. If the light
illuminates steadily after blinking
for approximately one minute,
promptly contact a SUBARU dealer
to have the system inspected.
& Tire inspection
Check on a daily basis that the tires are
free from serious damage, nails, and
stones. At the same time, check the tires
for abnormal wear.
Contact your SUBARU dealer immediately if you find any problem.
NOTE
. When the wheels and tires strike
curbs or are subjected to harsh treatment as when the vehicle is driven on a
rough surface, they can suffer damage
that cannot be seen with the naked eye.
This type of damage does not become
evident until time has passed. Try not
to drive over curbs, potholes or on
other rough surfaces. If doing so is
unavoidable, keep the vehicle’s speed
down to a walking pace or less, and
approach the curbs as squarely as
possible. Also, make sure the tires are
not pressed against the curb when you
park the vehicle.
. If you feel unusual vibration while
driving or find it difficult to steer the
vehicle in a straight line, one of the
tires and/or wheels may be damaged.
Drive slowly to the nearest authorized
SUBARU dealer and have the vehicle
inspected.
& Tire pressures and wear
Maintaining the correct tire pressures
helps to maximize the tires’ service lives
and is essential for good running performance. Check and, if necessary, adjust
the pressure of each tire (including the
spare) at least once a month (for example,
during a fuel stop) and before any long
journey.
Check the tire pressures when the tires
are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust
the tire pressures to the values shown on
the tire placard. The tire placard is located
on the door pillar on the driver’s side.
Driving even a short distance warms up
the tires and increases the tire pressures.
Also, the tire pressures are affected by the
outside temperature. It is best to check tire
pressure outdoors before driving the
vehicle.
When a tire becomes warm, the air inside
it expands, causing the tire pressure to
increase. Be careful not to mistakenly
release air from a warm tire to reduce its
pressure.
Maintenance and service 11-33
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-34 Maintenance and service
NOTE
. The air pressure in a tire increases
by approximately 4.3 psi (30 kPa, 0.3
kgf/cm2) when the tire becomes warm.
. The tires are considered cold when
the vehicle has been parked for at least
3 hours or has been driven less than 1
mile (1.6 km).
WARNING
Do not let air out of warm tires to
adjust pressure. Doing so will result
in low tire pressure.
Incorrect tire pressures detract from controllability and ride comfort, and they
cause the tires to wear abnormally.
. Correct tire pressure (tread worn
evenly)
Roadholding is good, and steering is
responsive. Rolling resistance is low, so
fuel consumption is also lower.
. Abnormally low tire pressure (tread
worn at shoulders)
Rolling resistance is high, so fuel consumption is also higher.
Information Provided by:
. Abnormally high tire pressure (tread
worn in center)
Ride comfort is poor. Also, the tire
magnifies the effects of road-surface
bumps and dips, possibly resulting in
vehicle damage.
If the tire placard shows tire pressures for
the vehicle when fully loaded, adjust the
tire pressures to the values that match
current loading conditions.
WARNING
Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause
the tires to deform severely and to
rapidly become hot. A sharp increase in temperature could cause
tread separation, and destruction of
the tires. The resulting loss of
vehicle control could lead to an
accident.
& Wheel balance
Each wheel was correctly balanced when
your vehicle was new, but the wheels will
become unbalanced as the tires become
worn during use. Wheel imbalance causes
the steering wheel to vibrate slightly at
certain vehicle speeds and detracts from
the vehicle’s straight-line stability. It can
also cause steering and suspension system problems and abnormal tire wear. If
you suspect that the wheels are not
correctly balanced, have them checked
and adjusted by your SUBARU dealer.
Also have them adjusted after tire repairs
and after tire rotation.
NOTE
Loss of correct wheel alignment*
causes the tires to wear on one side
and reduces the vehicle’s running
stability. Contact your SUBARU dealer
if you notice abnormal tire wear.
*: The suspension system is designed to hold
each wheel at a certain alignment (relative to
the other wheels and to the road) for optimum
straight-line stability and cornering performance.
& Wear indicators
1) New tread
2) Worn tread
3) Tread wear indicator
Each tire incorporates a tread wear
indicator, which becomes visible when
the depth of the tread grooves decreases
to 0.063 in (1.6 mm). A tire must be
replaced when the tread wear indicator
appears as a solid band across the tread.
WARNING
When a tire’s tread wear indicator
becomes visible, the tire is worn
beyond the acceptable limit and
must be replaced immediately. With
a tire in this condition, driving at
high speeds in wet weather can
Maintenance and service 11-35
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-36 Maintenance and service
cause the vehicle to hydroplane.
The resulting loss of vehicle control
can lead to an accident.
NOTE
For safety, inspect tire tread regularly
and replace the tires before their tread
wear indicators become visible.
& Tire rotation direction mark
Example of tire rotation direction mark
1) Front
If the tire has the rotation direction
specification, the tire rotation direction
mark is placed on its sidewall.
When you install a tire that has the tire
rotation direction mark, install the tire with
the direction mark facing forward.
& Tire rotation
Vehicles equipped with 4 non-unidirectional tires
1) Front
Vehicles equipped with unidirectional tires
1) Front
Tire wear varies from wheel to wheel. To
maximize the life of each tire and ensure
that the tires wear uniformly, it is best to
rotate the tires every 7,500 miles (12,000
km). Move the tires to the positions shown
in the illustration each time they are
rotated.
Replace any damaged or unevenly worn
tires at the time of rotation. After tire
rotation, adjust the tires pressures and
make sure the wheel nuts are correctly
tightened.
After driving approximately 600 miles
(1,000 km), check the wheel nuts again
and retighten any nut that has become
loose.
Information Provided by:
& Tire replacement
The wheels and tires are important and
integral parts of your vehicle’s design;
they cannot be changed arbitrarily. The
tires fitted as standard equipment are
optimally matched to the characteristics
of the vehicle and were selected to give
the best possible combination of running
performance, ride comfort, and service
life. It is essential for every tire to have a
size and construction matching those
shown on the tire placard and to have a
speed symbol and load index matching
those shown on the tire placard.
Using tires of a non-specified size detracts
from controllability, ride comfort, braking
performance, speedometer accuracy and
odometer accuracy. It also creates incorrect body-to-tire clearances and inappropriately changes the vehicle’s ground
clearance.
All four tires must be the same in terms of
manufacturer, brand (tread pattern), construction, and size. You are advised to
replace the tires with new ones that are
identical to those fitted as standard equipment.
For safe vehicle operation, SUBARU
recommends replacing all four tires at
the same time.
WARNING
. All four tires must be the same in
terms of manufacturer, brand
(tread pattern), construction, degree of wear, speed symbol, load
index and size. Mixing tires of
different types, sizes or degrees
of wear can result in damage to
vehicle’s powertrain. Use of different types or sizes of tires can
also dangerously reduce controllability and braking performance and can lead to an accident.
. Use only radial tires. Do not use
radial tires together with belted
bias tires and/or bias-ply tires.
Doing so can dangerously reduce controllability, resulting in
an accident.
& Wheel replacement
When replacing wheels due, for example,
to damage, make sure the replacement
wheels match the specifications of the
wheels that are fitted as standard equipment. Replacement wheels are available
from SUBARU dealers.
WARNING
Use only those wheels that are
specified for your vehicle. Wheels
not meeting specifications could
interfere with brake caliper operation and may cause the tires to rub
against the wheel well housing during turns. The resulting loss of
vehicle control could lead to an
accident.
NOTE
When any of the wheels are removed
and replaced for tire rotation or to
change a flat tire, always check the
tightness of the wheel nuts after driving approximately 600 miles (1,000 km).
If any nut is loose, tighten it to the
specified torque.
Maintenance and service 11-37
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-38 Maintenance and service
& Wheel covers (if equipped)
! Removing the wheel cover
1) Notch
2) Valve hole
Insert a wheel cover remover into the
notch part on the opposite side of the
valve hole and pry the wheel cover to
remove it.
! Installing the wheel cover
Align the valve with the valve hole in the
cover, then fit the cover on the wheel by
tapping your hand evenly around the
circumference of the cover.
Aluminum wheels
Aluminum wheels can be scratched and
damaged easily. Handle them carefully to
maintain their appearance, performance,
and safety.
. When any of the wheels are removed
and replaced for tire rotation or to change
a flat tire, always check the tightness of
the wheel nuts after driving approximately
600 miles (1,000 km). If any nut is loose,
tighten it to the specified torque.
. Never apply oil to the threaded parts,
wheel nuts, or tapered surface of the
wheel.
. Never let the wheel rub against sharp
protrusions or curbs.
. When wheel nuts, balance weights, or
the center cap is replaced, be sure to
replace them with genuine SUBARU parts
designed for aluminum wheels.
Information Provided by:
Windshield washer fluid
If you spray washer fluid on the windshield
but the supply of washer fluid appears to
diminish, check the level of washer fluid in
the tank.
Washer fluid level gauge
Remove the washer tank filler cap, then
check the fluid level indicated by the level
gauge (attached to the inside of the cap).
If the level is near the “Low” mark, add
fluid until it reaches the “Hi” level on the
level gauge or the “FULL” mark on the
tank.
Use windshield washer fluid. If windshield
washer fluid is unavailable use clean
water.
In areas where water freezes in winter,
use an anti-freeze type windshield washer
fluid. SUBARU Windshield Washer Fluid
contains 58.5% methyl alcohol and 41.5%
surfactant, by volume. Its freezing temperature varies according to how much it
is diluted, as indicated in the following
table.
Washer Fluid
Concentration
Freezing
Temperature
30% 10.48F (−128C)
50% −48F (−208C)
100% −498F (−458C)
CAUTION
Never use engine coolant as washer
fluid because it could cause paint
damage.
In order to prevent freezing of washer
fluid, check the freezing temperatures in
the table above when adjusting the fluid
concentration to the outside temperature.
If you fill the reservoir tank with a fluid with
Maintenance and service 11-39
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-40 Maintenance and service
a different concentration from the one
used previously, purge the old fluid from
the piping between the reservoir tank and
washer nozzles by operating the washer
for a certain period of time. Otherwise, if
the concentration of the fluid remaining in
the piping is too low for the outside
temperature, it may freeze and block the
nozzles.
CAUTION
Adjust the washer fluid concentration appropriately for the outside
temperature. If the concentration is
inappropriate, sprayed washer fluid
may freeze on the windshield and
obstruct your view, and the fluid
may freeze in the reservoir tank.
Replacement of wiper blades
Grease, wax, insects, or other material on
the windshield or the wiper blade results in
jerky wiper operation and streaking on the
glass. If you cannot remove the streaks
after operating the windshield washer or if
the wiper operation is jerky, clean the
outer surface of the windshield (or rear
window) and the wiper blades using a
sponge or soft cloth with a neutral
detergent or mild-abrasive cleaner. After
cleaning, rinse the windshield and wiper
blades with clean water. The windshield is
clean if beads do not form when you rinse
the windshield with water.
CAUTION
. Do not clean the wiper blades
with gasoline or a solvent, such
as paint thinner or benzine. This
will cause deterioration of the
wiper blades.
. While removing the wiper blades
from the wiper arms, do not
return the wiper arms to the
original positions. Otherwise,
the windshield surface may be
scratched.
. When returning the raised wiper
arms to the original positions,
carefully return the wiper arms
on the windshield by hand. You
should not return the wiper arms
to the windshield only by the
return spring. Otherwise, the wiper arms may be deformed and/
or the windshield surface may be
scratched.
If you cannot eliminate the streaking even
after following this method, replace the
wiper blades using the following procedures.
Information Provided by:
& Windshield wiper blade assembly
1. Raise the wiper arm off the windshield.
1) Open the cover
2) Pull down the wiper blade
2. Remove the wiper blade assembly by
opening the cover and pulling it down in
the direction shown in the illustration.
3. Install the wiper blade assembly to the
wiper arm. Make sure that it locks in place.
4. Hold the wiper arm by hand and slowly
lower it in position.
& Windshield wiper blade rubber
1) Support
1. Grasp the locked end of the blade
rubber assembly and pull it firmly until the
stoppers on the rubber are free of the
support.
1) Metal spines
2. If the new blade rubber is not provided
with two metal spines, remove the metal
spines from the old blade rubber and
install them in the new blade rubber.
3. Align the claws of the support with the
Maintenance and service 11-41
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-42 Maintenance and service
grooves in the rubber and slide the blade
rubber assembly into the support until it
locks.
1) Claw
2) Stopper
4. Be sure to position the claws at the
end of the support between the stoppers
on the rubber as shown. If the rubber is
not retained properly, the wiper blade may
scratch the windshield.
& Rear window wiper blade
assembly
1. Raise the wiper arm off the rear
window.
2. Turn the wiper blade assembly counterclockwise.
3. Pull the wiper blade assembly toward
you to remove it from the wiper arm.
4. Install the wiper blade assembly to the
wiper arm. Make sure that it locks in place.
5. Hold the wiper arm by hand and slowly
lower it in position.
Information Provided by:
& Rear window wiper blade
rubber
1. Pull out the end of the blade rubber
assembly to unlock it from the plastic
support.
2. Pull the blade rubber assembly out of
the plastic support.
1) Metal spines
3. If the new blade rubber is not provided
with two metal spines, remove the metal
spines from the old blade rubber and
install them in the new blade rubber.
4. Align the claws of the plastic support
with the grooves in the blade rubber
assembly, then slide the blade rubber
assembly into place.
Securely retain both ends of the rubber
with the stoppers on the plastic support
Maintenance and service 11-43
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-44 Maintenance and service
ends. If the rubber is not retained properly,
the wiper may scratch the rear window
glass.
Battery
WARNING
. Before beginning work on or near
any battery, be sure to extinguish
all cigarettes, matches, and lighters. Never expose a battery to an
open flame or electric sparks.
Batteries give off a gas which is
highly flammable and explosive.
. For safety, in case an explosion
does occur, wear eye protection
or shield your eyes when working near any battery. Never lean
over a battery.
. Do not let battery fluid contact
eyes, skin, fabrics, or paint because battery fluid is a corrosive
acid. If battery fluid gets on your
skin or in your eyes, immediately
flush the area with water thoroughly. Seek medical help immediately if acid has entered the
eyes.
If battery fluid is accidentally
swallowed, immediately drink a
large amount of milk or water,
and seek medical attention immediately.
. To lessen the risk of sparks,
remove rings, metal watchbands,
and other metal jewelry. Never
allow metal tools to contact the
positive battery terminal and anything connected to it WHILE you
are at the same time in contact
with any other metallic portion of
the vehicle because a short circuit will result.
. Keep everyone including children
away from the battery.
. Charge the battery in a wellventilated area.
. Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive
harm. Batteries also contain
other chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer. Wash hands after handling.
Information Provided by:
1) Cap
2) Upper level
3) Lower level
It is unnecessary to periodically check the
battery fluid level or periodically refill with
distilled water.
However, if the battery fluid level is below
the lower level, remove the cap. Fill to the
upper level with distilled water.
CAUTION
Never use more than 10 amperes
when charging the battery because
it will shorten battery life.
Fuses
CAUTION
Never replace a fuse with one having a higher rating or with material
other than a fuse because serious
damage or a fire could result.
The fuses are designed to melt during an
overload to prevent damage to the wiring
harness and electrical equipment. The
fuses are located in two fuse boxes.
One is located under the instrument panel
behind the fuse box cover on the driver’s
seat side. To remove the cover, pull it out.
The other one is housed in the engine
compartment.
The spare fuses are stored in the main
fuse box cover in the engine compartment.
Maintenance and service 11-45
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-46 Maintenance and service
The fuse puller is stored in the main fuse
box in the engine compartment.
1) Good
2) Blown
If any lights, accessories or other electrical
controls do not operate, inspect the
corresponding fuse. If a fuse has blown,
replace it.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK”
position and turn off all electrical accessories.
2. Remove the cover.
3. Determine which fuse may be blown.
Look at the back side of each fuse box
cover and refer to “Fuses and circuits”
F12-6.
4. Pull out the fuse with the fuse puller.
5. Inspect the fuse. If it has blown,
replace it with a spare fuse of the same
rating.
6. If the same fuse blows again, this
indicates that its system has a problem.
Contact your SUBARU dealer for repairs.
Main fuse
Main fuse box
The main fuses are designed to melt
during an overload to prevent damage to
the wiring harness and electrical equipment. Check the main fuses if any
electrical component fails to operate (except the starter motor) and other fuses are
good. A melted main fuse must be
replaced. Use only replacements with the
same specified rating as the melted main
fuse. If a main fuse blows after it is
replaced, have the electrical system
checked by your nearest SUBARU dealer.
Information Provided by:
Installation of accessories
Always consult your SUBARU dealer
before installing fog lights or any other
electrical equipment in your vehicle. Such
accessories may cause the electronic
system to malfunction if they are incorrectly installed or if they are not suited for
the vehicle.
Replacing bulbs
WARNING
Bulbs may become very hot while
illuminated. Before replacing bulbs,
turn off the bulbs and wait until the
bulbs cool down. Otherwise, there is
a risk of sustaining a burn injury.
CAUTION
Replace any bulb only with a new
bulb of the specified wattage. Using
a bulb of different wattage could
result in a fire. For the specified
wattage of each bulb, refer to “Bulb
chart” F12-10.
& Headlights (models with HID
headlights)
WARNING
High-intensity-discharge (HID) bulbs
are used for the low beams of the
headlights. These HID bulbs use an
extremely high voltage. To avoid the
risk of an electric shock that could
result in serious injury, observe the
following precautions.
. Do not replace any headlight
bulbs (both low beam and high
beam) by yourself.
. Do not remove/restore the headlight assemblies by yourself.
. Do not remove any headlightassembly components by yourself.
For replacement, contact your
SUBARU dealer.
& Headlights (models without
HID headlights)
CAUTION
Halogen headlight bulbs become
very hot while in use. If you touch
the bulb surface with bare hands or
greasy gloves, fingerprints or
grease on the bulb surface will
develop into hot spots, causing the
bulb to break. If there are finger
prints or grease on the bulb surface,
wipe them away with a soft cloth
moistened with alcohol.
Maintenance and service 11-47
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-48 Maintenance and service
NOTE
. If headlight aiming is required, consult your SUBARU dealer for proper
adjustment of the headlight aim.
. It may be difficult to replace the
bulbs. Have the bulbs replaced by your
SUBARU dealer if necessary.
! Low beam light bulbs
Right-hand side
1. Use a screwdriver to undo the clips on
the air intake duct, then remove the air
intake duct (right-hand side).
Left-hand side
2. Use a screwdriver to remove the
secured clip of the washer tank. To make
it easy to access the bulb, move the
washer tank to the horizontal direction
(left-hand side).
3. Remove the bulb cover, by turning it
counterclockwise.
Information Provided by:
4. Disconnect the electrical connector
from the bulb.
5. Remove the bulb from the headlight
assembly by turning it counterclockwise.
6. Replace the bulb with a new one. At
this time, do not touch the bulb surface.
7. To install the bulb to the headlight
assembly, turn it clockwise until it clicks.
8. Reconnect the electrical connector.
9. Install the bulb cover.
10. Install the air intake duct with clips
(right-hand side).
11. Set the washer tank to the original
place and secure it by clip (left-hand side).
! High beam light bulbs
Right-hand side
1. Use a screwdriver to undo the clips on
the air intake duct, then remove the air
intake duct (right-hand side).
2. Disconnect the electrical connector
from the bulb.
3. Remove the bulb from the headlight
assembly by turning it counterclockwise.
4. Replace the bulb with new one. At this
time, use care not to touch the bulb
Maintenance and service 11-49
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-50 Maintenance and service
surface.
5. To install the bulb to the headlight
assembly, turn it clockwise until it clicks.
6. Reconnect the electrical connector.
7. Install the air intake duct with clips
(right-hand side).
& Position light
1. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise
and pull out the socket.
2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a
new bulb.
3. Install the bulb socket by turning it
clockwise.
& Front turn signal light
It may be difficult to replace the bulbs.
Have the bulbs replaced by your SUBARU
dealer if necessary.
& Rear combination lights
1. Using a Phillips screwdriver, remove
the upper and lower screws that secure
the rear combination light assembly.
2. Slide the rear combination light assembly rearward and remove it from the
vehicle.
1) Brake/tail light
2) Rear turn signal light
3) Back-up light
Information Provided by:
3. Remove the bulb socket from the rear
combination light assembly by turning it
counterclockwise.
4. Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket and
replace it with a new one.
5. Set the bulb socket into the rear
combination light assembly and turn it
clockwise until it locks.
6. Put the rear combination light assembly into place while aligning the clip with
the guide on the vehicle.
7. Tighten the upper and lower screws.
& License plate light
1. Remove the mounting screws using a
Phillips screwdriver.
2. Remove the cover and lens.
3. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a
new bulb.
4. Reinstall the lens and cover.
5. Tighten the mounting screws.
& Dome light, map light, cargo
area light and door step light
CAUTION
When the door is opened, the map
light illuminates and becomes very
hot. When replacing the map light
bulb, close the door and be careful
not to burn yourself.
Dome light (type A)
Maintenance and service 11-51
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
11-52 Maintenance and service
Dome light (type B)
Map light
Cargo area light
Door step light
1. Remove the lens by prying the edge of
the lens with a flat-head screwdriver.
2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a
new bulb.
3. Reinstall the lens.
& Other bulbs
Other bulbs may be difficult to replace.
Have the bulbs replaced by your
SUBARU dealer if necessary.
Information Provided by:
Specifications..................................................... 12-2
Dimensions........................................................ 12-2
Engine ............................................................... 12-3
Electrical system................................................ 12-3
Capacities.......................................................... 12-4
Tires .................................................................. 12-5
Wheel alignment ................................................ 12-5
Fuses and circuits ............................................. 12-6
Fuse panel located in the passenger
compartment ................................................... 12-6
Fuse panel located in the engine
compartment ................................................... 12-8
Bulb chart......................................................... 12-10
Vehicle identification ....................................... 12-13
Specifications
12
Information Provided by:
12-2 Specifications
Specifications
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
& Dimensions
in (mm)
Item Non-turbo models Turbo models
Overall length 179.5 (4,560)
Overall width 70.1 (1,780)
Overall height without roof rail 65.9 (1,675)
with roof rail 66.9 (1,700)
Wheel base 103.0 (2,615)
Tread Front 60.2 (1,530)
Rear 60.2 (1,530)
Ground clearance*1 8.7 (220) 8.9 (225)
*1: Measured with vehicle empty
Information Provided by:
& Engine
Engine model EJ253
(2.5-liter, SOHC, non-turbo)
EJ255
(2.5-liter, DOHC, turbo)
Engine type Horizontally opposed, liquid cooled 4 cylinder, 4-stroke gasoline engine
Displacement cc (cu-in) 2,457 (150)
Bore 6 Stroke in (mm) 3.9 6 3.1 (99.5 6 79.0)
Compression ratio 10.0 : 1 8.4 : 1
Firing order 1 – 3 – 2 – 4
& Electrical system
Battery type and capacity (5HR) MT 12V-48AH (55D23L)
AT 12V-52AH (65D23L)
Alternator Non-turbo models 12V-90A
Turbo models 12V-110A
Spark plugs
Non-turbo engine FR5AP-11 (NGK)
Turbo engine SILFR6A (NGK)
AT: Automatic transmission
MT: Manual transmission
Specifications 12-3
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
12-4 Specifications
& Capacities
Fuel tank 16.9 US gal (64 liters, 14.1 Imp gal)
Engine oil 4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt)
Transmission oil (MT models) 3.7 US qt (3.5 liters, 3.1 Imp qt)
Transmission fluid (AT models) 9.8 US qt (9.3 liters, 8.2 Imp qt)
Front differential gear oil (AT models) 1.3 US qt (1.2 liters, 1.1 Imp qt)
Rear differential gear oil 0.8 US qt (0.8 liters, 0.7 Imp qt)
Power steering fluid 0.7 US qt (0.7 liter, 0.6 Imp qt)
Engine coolant Non-turbo models MT models 7.2 US qt (6.8 liters, 6.0 Imp qt)
AT models 7.1 US qt (6.7 liters, 5.9 Imp qt)
Turbo models 8.5 US qt (8.0 liters, 7.0 Imp qt)
AT: Automatic transmission
MT: Manual transmission
Each quantity indicated above is only a guideline. The necessary quantity for replacement may differ slightly depending on the temperature and other
factors.
Information Provided by:
& Tires
Tire size P215/65R16 96H P225/55R17 95H
Wheel size 16 6 61/2 J 16 6 6
1/2 JJ 17 6 7 JJ
Pressure Front 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2) 32 psi (220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2)
Rear 29 psi (200 kPa, 2.0 kgf/cm2) 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2)
Rear when towing trailer 35 psi (240 kPa, 2.4 kgf/cm2) 36 psi (250 kPa, 2.5 kgf/cm2)
Temporary
spare tire
Size T155/70 D17
Pressure 60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kgf/cm2)
NOTE
For the Latin American models, there is a conventional tire installed under the floor of the cargo area.
& Wheel alignment
Toe Front 0 in (0 mm)
Rear 0 in (0 mm)
Camber Front 0800’
Rear 0800’
Specifications 12-5
Information Provided by:
12-6 Specifications
Fuses and circuits
& Fuse panel located in the passenger compartment
Fuse
panel
Fuse
rating Circuit
1 20A . Trailer
2 Empty
3 15A . Door locking
4 10A . Front wiper deicer relay
5 10A . Combination meter
6 7.5A . Remote control rear
view mirrors
. Seat heater relay
7 15A . Combination meter
. Integrated unit
8 20A . Stop light
9 15A . Front wiper deicer
10 7.5A . Power supply (battery)
11 7.5A . Turn signal unit
. Clock
12 15A . Automatic transmission
unit
. Engine control unit
. Integrated unit
13 20A . Accessory power outlet
(center console)
14 15A . Position light
. Tail light
. Rear combination light
15 Empty (FWD connector for
AWD AT models)
Information Provided by:
Fuse
panel
Fuse
rating Circuit
16 10A . Illumination
17 15A . Seat heaters
18 10A . Back-up light
19 Empty
20 10A . Accessory power outlet
(instrument panel)
21 7.5A . Starter relay
22 15A . Air conditioner
. Rear window defogger
relay coil
23 15A . Rear wiper
. Rear window washer
24 15A . Audio unit
. Clock
25 15A . SRS airbag system
26 7.5A . Power window relay
. Radiator main fan relay
. Tail and illumination relay
27 15A . Blower fan
28 15A . Blower fan
29 15A . Fog light
30 30A . Front wiper
31 7.5A . Auto air conditioner unit
. Integrated unit
Fuse
panel
Fuse
rating Circuit
32 Empty
33 7.5A . ABS/Vehicle Dynamics
Control unit
Specifications 12-7
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
12-8 Specifications
& Fuse panel located in the engine compartment
A) Main fuse
Fuse
panel
Fuse
rating Circuit
1 30A . ABS unit
. Vehicle Dynamics Control unit
2 25A . Main fan
3 10A . Secondary air combination valve (turbo models)
4 25A . Sub fan
5 Empty
6 10A . Audio
7 30A . Headlight (low beam)
8 15A . Headlight (high beam)
9 20A . Back-up
10 15A . Horn
11 25A . Rear window defogger
. Mirror heater
12 15A . Fuel pump
13 10A . Automatic transmission
control unit
14 7.5A . Engine control unit
15 15A . Turn and hazard warning flasher
16 15A . Tail and illumination relay
17 7.5A . Alternator
Information Provided by:
Fuse
panel
Fuse
rating Circuit
18 15A . Headlight (right hand)
19 15A . Headlight (left hand)
Specifications 12-9
Information Provided by:
12-10 Specifications
Bulb chart
A: The high mount stop light is the LED (Light Emitting Diode) type. Consult your SUBARU dealer for replacement.
Information Provided by:
Wattage Bulb No.
1) High beam headlight 12V-60W 9005 (HB3)
2) Position light 12V-5W 168 (W5W)
3) Low beam headlight
Models with HID light 12V-35W D2R
Models with halogen light 12V-55W H11
4) Front side marker light 12V-5W 168 (W5W)
5) Map light 12V-8W –
6) Dome light 12V-8W –
7) Front fog light 12V-51W 9006 (HB4)
8) Front turn signal light 12V-21W (WY21W)
9) Door step light 12V-5W –
10) Cargo area light 12V-13W –
11) Brake/tail light 12V-21/5W 7443 (W21/5W)
12) Rear turn signal light 12V-21W (WY21W)
13) Back-up light 12V-21W 7440
14) Licence plate light 12V-5W 168 (W5W)
WARNING
. Bulbs may become very hot while
illuminated. Before replacing
bulbs, turn off the bulbs and wait
until the bulbs cool down. Otherwise, there is a risk of sustaining
a burn injury.
. For models with HID low beam
headlights, observe the following
precautions. Not doing so carries
the risk of an electric shock that
could result in serious injury
because the HID bulbs use an
extremely high voltage.
– Do not replace any headlight
bulbs (both low beam and
high beam) by yourself.
– Do not remove/restore the
headlight assemblies by yourself.
– Do not remove any headlightassembly components by
yourself.
For replacement, contact your
SUBARU dealer.
Specifications 12-11
– CONTINUED –
Information Provided by:
12-12 Specifications
CAUTION
Replace any bulb only with a new
bulb of the specified wattage. Using
a bulb of different wattage could
result in a fire.
Information Provided by:
Vehicle identification 1) Vehicle identification number
2) Emission control label
3) Tire inflation pressure label
4) Certification label
5) Vehicle identification number plate
6) Model number label
7) Fuel label
8) Air conditioner label
Specifications 12-13
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
For U.S.A. ........................................................... 13-2
Tire information.................................................. 13-2
Tire labeling ....................................................... 13-2
Recommended tire inflation pressure.................. 13-5
Glossary of tire terminology ............................... 13-7
Tire care – maintenance and safety p
ractices.......................................................... 13-11
Vehicle load limit – how to determine................ 13-11
Determining compatibility of tire and vehicle
load capacities .............................................. 13-14
Adverse safety consequences of overloading
on handling and stopping and on tires ........... 13-14
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit......... 13-15
Uniform tire quality grading standards .......... 13-15
Treadwear ....................................................... 13-16
Traction AA, A, B, C......................................... 13-16
Temperature A, B, C......................................... 13-16
Reporting safety defects (U.S.A.) ................... 13-17
Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
13
Information Provided by:
13-2 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
For U.S.A.
The following information has been
compiled according to Code of
Federal Regulations “Title 49, Part
575”.
Tire information
& Tire labeling
Many markings (e.g. Tire size, Tire
Identification Number or TIN) are
placed on the sidewall of a tire by
tire manufacturers. These markings
can provide you with useful information on the tire.
! Tire size
Your vehicle comes equipped with
P-Metric tire size. It is important to
understand the sizing system in
selecting the proper tire for your
vehicles. Here is a brief review of
the tire sizing system with a breakdown of its individual elements.
! P Metric
With the P-Metric system, Section
Width is measured in millimeters.
To convert millimeters into inches,
divide by 25.4. The Aspect Ratio
(Section Height divided by Section
Width) helps provide more dimensional information about the tire
size.
Example:
(1) P = Certain tire type used on
light duty vehicles such as passenger cars
(2) Section Width in millimeters
(3) Aspect Ratio (= section height
7 section width).
(4) R = Radial Construction
(5) Rim diameter in inches
! Load and Speed Rating Descriptions
The load and speed rating descriptions will appear following the size
designation.
They provide two important facts
about the tire. First, the number
designation is its load index. Second, the letter designation indicates
the tire’s speed rating.
Information Provided by:
Example:
(6) Load Index: A numerical code
which specifies the maximum load
a tire can carry at the speed
indicated by its speed symbol, at
maximum inflation pressure.
For example, “90” means 1,323 lbs
(600 kg), “89”means 1,278 lbs (580
kg).
WARNING
Load indices apply only to the
tire, not to the vehicle. Putting
a load rated tire on any vehicle
does not mean the vehicle can
be loaded up to the tire’s rated
load.
(7) Speed Rating: An alphabetical
system describing a tire’s capability
to travel at established and predetermined speeds.
For example, “V” means 149 mph
(240 km/h)
WARNING
. Speed ratings apply only to
the tire, not to the vehicle.
Putting a speed rated tire on
any vehicle does not mean
the vehicle can be operated
at the tire’s rated speed.
. The speed rating is void if
the tires are worn out, damaged, repaired, retreaded,
or otherwise altered from
their original condition. If
t ires are repaired, retreaded, or otherwise altered, they may not be suitable for original equipment
tire designed loads and
speeds.
! Tire Identification Number (TIN)
Tire Identification Number (TIN) is
marked on the intended outboard
sidewall. The TIN is composed of
four groups. Here is a brief review
of the TIN with a breakdown of its
individual elements.
(1) Manufacturer’s Identification
Mark
(2) Tire Size
(3) Tire Type Code
(4) Date of Manufacture
The first two figures identify the
week, starting with “01” to represent
the first full week of the calendar
year; the second two figures represent the year. For example, 0101
means the 1st week of 2001.
! Other markings
The following makings are also
placed on the sidewall.
! Maximum permissible inflation
pressure
The maximum cold inflation pressure to which this tire may be
inflated. For example, “300 kPa
(44 PSI) MAX. PRESS”
Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13-3
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13-4 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
! Maximum load rating
The load rating at the maximum
permissible weight load for this tire.
For example, “MAX. LOAD 580 kg
(1279 LBS) @ 300 kPa (44 PSI)
MAX. PRESS.”
WARNING
Maximum load rating applies
only to the tire, not to the
vehicle. Putting a load rated
tire on any vehicle does not
mean the vehicle can be
loaded up to the tire’s rated
load.
! Construction type
Applicable construction of this tire.
For example, “TUBELESS STEEL
BELTED RADIAL”
! Construction
The generic name of each cord
material used in the plies (both
sidewall and tread area) of this tire.
For example, “PLIES: TREAD 2
STEEL + 2 POLYESTER SIDE-
WALL 2 POLYESTER”
! Uniform Tire Quality Grading
(UTQG)
For details, refer to “Uniform tire
quality grading standards” F13-15.
Information Provided by:
& Recommended tire inflation pressure
! Recommended cold tire inflation pressure
Recommended cold tire inflation pressure for your vehicle’s tires is as follows.
Tire size P215/65R16 96H P225/55R17 95H
Wheel size 16 6 61/2 J 16 6 6
1/2 JJ 17 6 7 JJ
Pressure Front
30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2) 32 psi(220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2)
Rear 29 psi (200 kPa, 2.0 kgf/cm2) 30 psi(210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2)
Rear when towing trailer 35 psi (240 kPa, 2.4 kgf/cm2) 36 psi(250 kPa, 2.5 kgf/cm2)
Temporary
spare tire
Size T155/70 D17
Pressure 60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kgf/cm2)
Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13-5
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Information Provided by:
13-6 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
! Vehicle placard
The vehicle placard is affixed to the
driver’s side B-pillar.
Example:
U.S.-spec. models
Canada-spec. models
The vehicle placard shows original
tire size, recommended cold tire
inflation pressure on each tire at
maximum loaded vehicle weight,
seating capacity and loading information.
! Adverse safety consequences
of under-inflation
Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause
the tires to flex severely and to
rapidly become hot. A sharp increase in temperature could cause
tread separation, and failure of the
tire(s). Possible resulting loss of
vehicle control could lead to an
accident.
! Measuring and adjusting air
pressure to achieve proper inflation
Check and, if necessary, adjust the
pressure of each tire (including the
spare) at least once a month and
before any long journey. Check the
tire pressures when the tires are
cold. Use a pressure gauge to
adjust the tire pressures to the
specific values. Driving even a
short distance warms up the tires
and increases the tire pressures.
Also, the tire pressures are affected
by the outside temperature. It is
best to check tire pressure outdoors before driving the vehicle.
When a tire becomes warm, the air
inside it expands, causing the tire
pressure to increase. Be careful not
to mistakenly release air from a
warm tire to reduce its pressure.
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& Glossary of tire terminology
. Accessory weight
The combined weight (in excess of
those standard items which may be
replaced) of automatic transmission, power steering, power brakes,
power windows, power seats, radio,
and heater, to the extent that these
items are available as factory-installed equipment (whether installed or not).
. Bead
The part of the tire that is made of
steel wires, wrapped or reinforced
by ply cords and that is shaped to fit
the rim.
. Bead separation
A breakdown of the bond between
components in the bead.
. Bias ply tire
A pneumatic tire in which the ply
cords that extend to the beads are
laid at alternate angles substantially
less than 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
. Carcass
The tire structure, except tread and
sidewall rubber which, when inflated, bears the load.
. Chunking
The breaking away of pieces of the
tread or sidewall.
. Cold tire pressure
The pressure in a tire that has been
driven less than 1 mile or has been
standing for three hours or more.
. Cord
The strands forming the plies in the
tire.
. Cord separation
The parting of cords from adjacent
rubber compounds.
. Cracking
Any parting within the tread, sidewall, or inner liner of the tire
extending to cord material.
. Curb weight
The weight of a motor vehicle with
standard equipment including the
maximum capacity of fuel, oil and
coolant, and if so equipped, air
conditioning and additional weight
optional engine.
. Extra load tire
A tire designed to operate at higher
loads and higher inflation pressure
than the corresponding standard
tire.
. Groove
The space between two adjacent
tread ribs.
. Innerliner
The layer(s) forming the inside surface of a tubeless tire that contains
the inflating medium within the tire.
. Innerliner separation
The parting of the innerliner from
cord material in the carcass.
. Intended outboard sidewall
(1) The sidewall that contains a
whitewall, bears white lettering
or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that
is higher or deeper than the
same molding on the other sidewall of the tire, or
(2) The outward facing sidewall
of an asymmetrical tire that has
a particular side that must always face outward when mountConsumer information and Reporting safety defects 13-7
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13-8 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
ing on a vehicle.
. Light truck (LT) tire
A tire designated by its manufacturer as primarily intended for use
on lightweight trucks or multipurpose passenger vehicles.
. Load rating
The maximum load that a tire is
rated to carry for a given inflation
pressure.
. Maximum inflation pressure
The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated.
. Maximum load rating
The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation
pressure for that tire.
. Maximum loaded vehicle weight
The sum of:
(a) Curb weight
(b) Accessory weight
(c) Vehicle capacity weight
(d) Production options weight
. Maximum permissible inflation
pressure
The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated.
. Measuring rim
The rim on which a tire is fitted for
physical dimension requirements.
. Normal occupant weight
150 lbs (68 kg) times the number of
occupants specified in the second
column of Table 1 that is appended
to the end of this section.
. Occupant distribution
Distribution of occupants in a vehicle as specified in the third column
of Table 1 that is appended to the
end of this section.
. Open splice
Any parting at any junction of tread,
sidewall, or innerliner that extends
to cord material.
. Outer diameter
The overall diameter of an inflated
new tire.
. Overall width
The linear distance between the
exteriors of the sidewalls of an
inflated tire, including elevations
due to labeling, decorations, or
protective bands or ribs.
. Passenger car tire
A tire intended for use on passenger cars, multipurpose passenger
vehicles, and trucks, that have a
gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR)
of 10,000 lbs (4,535 kg) or less.
. Ply
A layer of rubber-coated parallel
cords.
. Ply separation
A parting of rubber compound
between adjacent plies.
. Pneumatic tire
A mechanical device made of rubber, chemicals, fabric and steel or
other mater ia ls, that , when
mounted on an automotive wheel,
provides the traction and contains
the gas or fluid that sustains the
load.
. Production options weight
The combined weight of those
installed regular production options
weighing over 5.1 lbs (2.3 kg) in
excess of those standard items
which they replace, not previously
considered in curb weight or accesInformation Provided by:
sory weight, including heavy duty
brakes, ride levelers, roof rack,
heavy duty battery, and special
trim.
. Radial ply tire
A pneumatic tire in which the ply
cords that extend to the beads are
laid at substantially 90 degrees to
the centerline of the tread.
. Recommended inflation pressure
The cold inflation pressure recommended by a vehicle manufacturer.
. Reinforced tire
A tire designed to operate at higher
loads and at higher inflation pressures than the corresponding standard tire.
. Rim
A metal support for a tire or a tire
and tube assembly upon which the
tire beads are seated.
. Rim diameter
Nominal diameter of the bead seat.
. Rim size designation
Rim diameter and width.
. Rim type designation
The industry of manufacturer’s designation for a rim by style or code.
. Rim width
Nominal distance between rim
flanges.
. Section width
The linear distance between the
exteriors of the sidewalls of an
inflated tire, excluding elevations
due to labeling, decoration, or
protective bands.
. Sidewall
That portion of a tire between the
tread and bead.
. Sidewall separation
The parting of the rubber compound from the cord material in
the sidewall.
. Test rim
The rim on which a tire is fitted for
testing, and it may be any rim listed
as appropriate for use with that tire.
. Tread
That portion of a tire that comes
into contact with the road.
. Tread rib
A tread section running circumferentially around a tire.
. Tread separation
Pulling away of the tread from the
tire carcass.
. Treadwear indicators (TWI)
The projections within the principal
grooves designed to give a visual
indication of the degrees of wear of
the tread.
. Vehicle capacity weight
The rated cargo and luggage load
plus 150 lbs (68 kg) times the
vehicle’s designated seating capacity.
. Vehicle maximum load on the
tire
Load on an individual tire that is
determined by distributing to each
axle its share of the maximum
loaded vehicle weight and dividing
by two.
. Vehicle normal load on the tire
Load on an individual tire that is
determined by distributing to each
axle its share of the curb weight,
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13-10 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
accessory weight, and normal occupant weight (distributed in accordance with Table 1 that is appended to the end of this section)
and dividing by 2.
. Wheel-holding fixture
The fixture used to hold the wheel
and tire assembly securely during
testing.
Table 1 — Occupant loading and distribution for vehicle normal load for
various designated seating capacities
Designated seating
capacity, number of
occupants
Vehicle normal load,
number of occupants
Occupant distribution in a
normally loaded vehicle
2 through 4 2 2 in front.
5 through 10 3 2 in front, 1 in secondseat.
11 through 15 5
2 in front, 1 in second
seat, 1 in third seat, 1 in
fourth seat.
16 through 22 7
2 in front, 2 in second
seat, 2 in third seat, 1 in
fourth seat.
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& Tire care – maintenance and
safety practices
. Check on a daily basis that the
tires are free from serious damage,
nails, and stones. At the same time,
check the tires for abnormal wear.
. Inspect the tire tread regularly
and replace the tires before their
tread wear indicators become visible. When a tire’s tread wear
indicator becomes visible, the tire
is worn beyond the acceptable limit
and must be replaced immediately.
With a tire in this condition, driving
at even low speeds in wet weather
can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. Possible resulting loss of
vehicle control can lead to an
accident.
. To maximize the life of each tire
and ensure that the tires wear
uniformly, it is best to rotate the
tires every 7,500 miles (12,000 km).
For information about the tire rotation order, refer to “Tire rotation”
F11-36.
Replace any damaged or unevenly worn tires at the time of
rotation. After tire rotation, adjust
the tire pressures and make sure
the wheel nuts are correctly tightened. For information about the
tightening torque and tightening
sequence for the wheel nuts, refer
to “Flat tires” F9-6.
& Vehicle load limit – how to
determine
The load capacity of your vehicle is
determined by weight, not by available cargo space. The load limit of
your vehicle is shown on the
vehicle placard attached to the
driver’s side B-pillar. Locate the
statement “The combined weight
of occupants and cargo should
never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs”
on your vehicle’s placard.
The vehicle placard also shows
seating capacity of your vehicle.
The total load capacity includes the
total weight of driver and all passengers and their belongings, any
cargo, any optional equipment such
as a trailer hitch, roof rack or bike
carrier, etc., and the tongue load of
a trailer. Therefore cargo capacity
can be calculated by the following
method.
Cargo capacity = Load limit − (total
weight of occupants + total weight
of optional equipment + tongue
load of a trailer (if applicable))
For information about vehicle loading, refer to “Loading your vehicle”
F8-11.
For information about towing capacity and weight limits, refer to
“Trailer towing” F8-17.
! Calculating total and load capacities varying seating configurations
Calculate the available load capacity as shown in the following
examples:
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13-12 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
Example 1A
Vehicle capacity weight of the
vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which
is indicated on the vehicle placard
with the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo
should never exceed 900 lbs or
408 kg”.
For example, if the vehicle has one
occupant weighing 154 lbs (70 kg)
plus cargo weighing 662 lbs (300
kg).
1. Calculate the total weight.
2. Calculate the available load capacity by subtracting the total
weight from the vehicle capacity
weight of 900 lbs (408 kg).
3. The result of step 2 shows that a
further 84 lbs (38 kg) of cargo can
be carried.
Example 1B
For example, if a person weighing
176 lbs (80 kg) now enters the
same vehicle (bringing the number
of occupants to two), the calculations are as follows.
1. Calculate the total weight.
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2. Calculate the available load capacity.
3. The total weight now exceeds
the capacity weight by 92 lbs (42
kg), so the cargo weight must be
reduced by 92 lbs (42 kg) or more.
Example 2A
Vehicle capacity weight of the
vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which
is indicated on the vehicle placard
with the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo
should never exceed 408 kg or
900 lbs”.
For example, the vehicle has one
occupant weighing 165 lbs (75 kg)
plus cargo weighing 375 lbs (170
kg). In addition, the vehicle is fitted
with a trailer hitch weighing 22 lbs
(10 kg), to which is attached a
trailer weighing 1,764 lbs (800 kg).
10% of the trailer weight is applied
to the trailer tongue (i.e. Tongue
load = 176 lbs (80 kg)).
1. Calculate the total weight.
2. Calculate the available load capacity.
3. The result of step 2 shows that a
further 162 lbs (73 kg) of cargo can
be carried.
Example 2B
For example, if a person weighing
143 lbs (65 kg) and a child weighing
40 lbs (18 kg) now enter the same
vehicle (bringing the number of
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13-14 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
occupants to three), and a child
restraint system weighing 11 lbs (5
kg) is installed in the vehicle for the
child to use, the calculations are as
follows.
1. Calculate the total weight.
2. Calculate the available load capacity.
3. The total weight now exceeds
the capacity weight by 32 lbs (15
kg), so the cargo weight must be
reduced by 32 lbs (15 kg) or more.
& Determining compatibility of
tire and vehicle load capacities
The sum of four tires’ maximum
load ratings must exceed the maximum loaded vehicle weight
(“GVWR”). In addition, sum of the
maximum load ratings of two front
tires and of two rear tires must
exceed each axle’s maximum
loaded capacity (“GAWR”). Original
equipment tires are designed to
fulfill those conditions.
The maximum loaded vehicle
weight is referred to Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). And each
axle’s maximum loaded capacity is
referred to Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). The GVWR and each
axle’s GAWR are shown on the
vehicle certification label affixed to
the driver’s door.
The GVWR and front and rear
GAWRs are determined by not only
the maximum load rating of tires but
also loaded capacities of the vehicle’s suspension, axles and other
parts of the body.
Therefore, this means that the
vehicle cannot necessarily be
loaded up to the tire’s maximum
load rating on the tire sidewall.
& Adverse safety consequences of overloading on
handling and stopping and
on tires
Overloading could affect vehicle
handling, stopping distance, and
vehicle and tire performance in the
following ways. This could lead to
an accident and possibly result in
severe personal injury.
. Vehicle stability will deteriorate.
. Heavy and/or high-mounted
loads could increase the risk of
rollover.
. Stopping distance will increase.
. Brakes could overheat and fail.
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. Suspension, bearings, axles and
other body parts could break or
experience accelerated wear that
will shorten vehicle life.
. Tires could fail.
. Tread separation could occur.
. Tire could separate from its rim.
& Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and
cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds” on your vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight
of the driver and passengers that
will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of
the driver and passengers from
XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the
available amount of cargo and
luggage load capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1,400 lbs (635 kg) and there will be
five- 150 lbs (68 kg) passengers in
your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1,400 − 750 (5 6
150) = 650 lbs)
5. Determine the combined weight
of luggage and cargo being loaded
on the vehicle. That weight may not
safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a
trailer, load from your trailer will be
transferred to your vehicle. Consult
this manual to determine how this
reduces the available cargo and
luggage load capacity of your vehicle.
Uniform tire quality grading
standards
This information indicates the relative performance of passenger car
tires in the area of treadwear,
traction, and temperature resistance. This is to aid the consumer
in making an informed choice in the
purchase of tires.
Quality grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The quality grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on passenger cars. However, they do not
apply to deep tread, winter type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 12 inches
or less, or to some limited production tires.
All passenger car tires must conConsumer information and Reporting safety defects 13-15
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13-16 Consumer information and Reporting safety defects
form to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades.
& Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150
would wear one and one-half (11/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100.
The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions
of their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits,
service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
& Traction AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to
lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked
C may have poor traction performance.
WARNING
The traction grade assigned to
this tire is based on straightahead braking traction tests,
and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
& Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the
highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high
temperature can cause the material
of the tire to degenerate and reduce
tire life, and excessive temperature
can lead to sudden tire failure. The
grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger
car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards No. 109. Grades B and A
represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel
than the minimum required by law.
WARNING
The temperature grade for this
tire is established for a tire
that is properly inflated and
not overloaded. Excessive
speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can
cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
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Reporting safety defects
(U.S.A.)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which could cause a
crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA) in
addition to notifying Subaru of
America, Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between
you, your dealer, or Subaru of
America, Inc. To contact NHTSA,
you may call the Vehicle Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov; or write
to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400
Seventh Street, SW., Washington,
DC 20590. You can also obtain
other information about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.safercar.gov.
Consumer information and Reporting safety defects 13-17
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Index
14
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14-2 Index
A
ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) ..................................... 7-24
Warning light ................................................. 3-16, 7-25
Accessories....................................................... 5-4, 11-47
Accessory power outlet................................................. 6-9
Active head restraint..................................................... 1-5
Air cleaner element ................................................... 11-15
Air conditioner ..................................................... 4-7, 4-10
Air filtration system..................................................... 4-13
Air flow selection.......................................................... 4-2
Alarm system ............................................................ 2-14
All-Wheel Drive warning light ....................................... 3-18
Aluminum wheel cleaning............................................ 10-3
Aluminum wheels...................................................... 11-38
Antenna system........................................................... 5-2
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ..................................... 7-24
Arming the system ..................................................... 2-15
Armrest....................................................................... 1-7
Ashtray ..................................................................... 6-11
AT OIL TEMP warning light ......................................... 3-14
Audio control button ................................................... 5-26
Audio set .................................................................... 5-5
Auto-dimming mirror/compass...................................... 3-33
Automatic climate control system ................................... 4-8
Automatic headlight beam leveler................................. 3-27
Warning light ......................................................... 3-18
Automatic transmission ............................................... 7-16
Capacities ............................................................. 12-4
Fluid.................................................................... 11-20
MANUAL mode ..................................................... 7-19
Selector lever ........................................................ 7-17
Shift lock release.................................................... 7-22
SPORT mode ........................................................ 7-21
Temperature warning light (AT OIL TEMP) ................. 3-14
Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor (A/ELR) ........... 1-12
AUX unit operation ..................................................... 5-25
B
Battery .................................................................... 11-44
Drainage prevention function..................................... 2-5
Jump starting ......................................................... 9-10
Replacement (remote keyless entry system) .............. 2-10
Booster seat .............................................................. 1-29
Bottle holder ............................................................... 6-9
Brake
Assist.................................................................... 7-24
Booster ....................................................... 7-23, 11-27
Fluid ................................................................... 11-25
Pad and lining...................................................... 11-30
Parking ....................................................... 7-33, 11-30
Pedal .................................................................. 11-28
System.................................................................. 7-23
Brake pedal
Free play............................................................. 11-28
Reserve distance.................................................. 11-28
Brake system............................................................. 7-23
Warning light.......................................................... 3-17
Braking ..................................................................... 7-23
Tips ...................................................................... 7-23
Breaking-in of new brake pads and linings................... 11-30
Bulb
Chart .................................................................. 12-10
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Replacing............................................................. 11-47
C
Capacities ................................................................. 12-4
Cargo area
Cover ................................................................... 6-13
Light....................................................................... 6-3
Tie-down hooks ..................................................... 6-15
Catalytic converter ....................................................... 8-3
Center
Console .................................................................. 6-5
Ventilators ............................................................... 4-3
Center and side ventilators............................................ 4-3
Changing
Flat tire ................................................................... 9-6
Oil and oil filter ...................................................... 11-9
Charge warning light .................................................. 3-14
CHECK ENGINE warning light/Malfunction indicator
lamp...................................................................... 3-12
Checking
Brake pedal free play ............................................ 11-28
Brake pedal reserve distance ................................. 11-28
Clutch function...................................................... 11-28
Clutch pedal free play............................................ 11-29
Engine oil level ...................................................... 11-8
Fluid level ............................... 11-20, 11-24, 11-25, 11-26
Gear oil level ........................................................ 11-22
Manual transmission oil level .................................. 11-19
Child restraint systems ............................................... 1-23
Installation with A/ELR seatbelt................................ 1-26
Lower and tether anchorages .................................. 1-30
Top tether anchorages ............................................ 1-33
Child safety ................................................................... 5
Locks.................................................................... 2-19
Chime
Key........................................................................ 3-5
Seatbelt......................................................... 1-12, 3-10
Cleaning
Aluminum wheels ................................................... 10-3
Interior .................................................................. 10-5
Ventilation grille ...................................................... 4-12
Climate control system
Automatic ............................................................... 4-8
Manual................................................................... 4-3
Clock ........................................................................ 3-22
Clutch
Fluid ................................................................... 11-26
Pedal .................................................................. 11-28
Coat hook.................................................................. 6-13
Coin tray .................................................................... 6-7
Coolant ................................................................... 11-13
Coolant temperature high warning light.......................... 3-13
Coolant temperature low indicator light .......................... 3-13
Cooling system ........................................................ 11-12
Corrosion protection.................................................... 10-4
Cruise control ............................................................ 7-36
Indicator light ................................................. 3-21, 7-39
Set indicator light............................................ 3-21, 7-39
Cup holder ................................................................. 6-8
Front passenger’s.................................................... 6-8
Rear passenger’s .................................................... 6-8
Index 14-3
Information Provided by:
14-4 Index
D
Daytime running light system....................................... 3-27
Defogger................................................................... 3-35
Deicer ...................................................................... 3-35
Differential gear oil
Front ................................................................... 11-21
Rear.................................................................... 11-22
Dimensions ............................................................... 12-2
Disarming the alarm system ........................................ 2-17
Disc brake pad wear warning indicators ........................ 7-24
Dome light .................................................................. 6-2
Door
Locks ..................................................................... 2-4
Open warning light ................................................. 3-18
Drive belts................................................................ 11-18
Driving
All-Wheel Drive warning light ................................... 3-18
Car phone/cell phone .................................................. 7
Drinking ..................................................................... 6
Drugs ........................................................................ 6
Foreign countries ..................................................... 8-4
Pets .......................................................................... 7
Snowy and icy roads ................................................ 8-9
Tips......................................................... 7-16, 8-2, 8-5
Tired or sleepy............................................................ 7
E
Electrical system........................................................ 12-3
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD)
system........................................................... 3-17, 7-26
Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)............................. 1-12
Engine
Compartment overview............................................ 11-6
Coolant ............................................................... 11-13
Exhaust gas (carbon monoxide) ............................. 5, 8-2
Hood .................................................................... 11-5
Oil ........................................................................ 11-8
Overheating ........................................................... 9-12
Starting .................................................................. 7-8
Stopping................................................................ 7-10
Exterior care .............................................................. 10-2
F
Flat tires ..................................................................... 9-6
Floor mat................................................................... 6-12
Fluid level
Automatic transmission ......................................... 11-20
Brake.................................................................. 11-25
Clutch ................................................................. 11-26
Power steering ..................................................... 11-24
Fog light
Indicator light ......................................................... 3-21
Switch................................................................... 3-28
Folding mirror switch................................................... 3-35
Front
Differential gear oil................................................ 11-21
Fog light indicator light ............................................ 3-21
Seatbelt pretensioners ............................................ 1-20
Seats ..................................................................... 1-2
Turn signal light.................................................... 11-50
Front fog light............................................................. 3-28
Information Provided by:
Front seats
Forward and backward adjustment ............................. 1-3
Power seat.............................................................. 1-4
Reclining................................................................. 1-3
Seat height adjustment (driver’s seat) ......................... 1-4
Fuel ........................................................................... 7-3
Consumption indicator ............................................ 3-22
Economy hints......................................................... 8-2
Filler lid and cap ...................................................... 7-4
Gauge .................................................................... 3-8
Requirements .......................................................... 7-3
Fuses ...................................................................... 11-45
Fuses and circuits ...................................................... 12-6
G
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) .............................. 8-13
Glove box ................................................................... 6-5
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) .......................... 8-13
H
Hazard warning flasher ........................................... 3-5, 9-2
Head restraint adjustment
Front seat ............................................................... 1-5
Rear seat................................................................ 1-8
Headlight
Beam lever ........................................................... 3-27
Flasher ................................................................. 3-26
Indicator light......................................................... 3-21
Headlights........................................................ 3-26, 11-47
Heater operation (manual climate control system) ............ 4-5
High beam indicator light ............................................ 3-21
High/low beam change (dimmer) .................................. 3-26
Hill start assist (MT vehicles) ............................. 7-35, 11-29
Hill start assist warning light................................. 3-18, 7-36
Horn ......................................................................... 3-38
Hose and connections............................................... 11-12
I
Ignition switch ............................................................. 3-3
Light ...................................................................... 3-5
Illuminated entry .......................................................... 2-9
Illumination brightness control ...................................... 3-28
Immobilizer ................................................................. 2-2
Indicator light .......................................................... 2-3
Indicator light (security indicator light)........................ 3-20
Indicator light
Coolant temperature low.......................................... 3-13
Cruise control ................................................ 3-21, 7-39
Cruise control set ........................................... 3-21, 7-39
Front fog light......................................................... 3-21
Headlight............................................................... 3-21
High beam............................................................. 3-21
Immobilizer ............................................................. 2-3
Security................................................................. 3-20
Selector lever/Gear position ..................................... 3-21
SPORT mode ........................................................ 3-20
Traction control system OFF .................................... 3-19
Turn signal ............................................................ 3-21
Vehicle Dynamics Control OFF......................... 3-20, 7-29
Vehicle Dynamics Control operation.................. 3-19, 7-29
Information display...................................................... 3-22
Inside mirror .............................................................. 3-32
Index 14-5
Information Provided by:
14-6 Index
Interior lights ............................................................... 6-2
J
Jack and jack handle.................................................... 9-5
Jack-up point............................................................... 9-6
Jump starting............................................................. 9-10
K
Key
Number .................................................................. 2-2
Reminder chime....................................................... 3-5
Replacement ........................................................... 2-4
Keyless entry system ................................................... 2-7
Keys .......................................................................... 2-2
L
Leather seat materials ................................................ 10-5
License plate light ..................................................... 11-51
Light
Cargo area.............................................................. 6-3
Control switch........................................................ 3-25
Dome ..................................................................... 6-2
Front fog............................................................... 3-28
Ignition switch.......................................................... 3-5
License plate........................................................ 11-51
Map ....................................................................... 6-3
Rear combination.................................................. 11-50
Loading your vehicle .................................................. 8-11
Low fuel warning light ........................................... 3-8, 3-18
Low tire pressure warning light .................................... 3-15
Lower and tether anchorage ........................................ 1-30
M
Main fuse ................................................................ 11-46
Maintenance
Precautions ........................................................... 11-3
Schedule ............................................................... 11-3
Seatbelt................................................................. 1-20
Tools...................................................................... 9-4
Malfunction indicator lamp (check engine warning light)... 3-12
Manual
Climate control system ............................................. 4-3
Seat....................................................................... 1-3
Transmission ......................................................... 7-15
Transmission oil ................................................... 11-19
Map light .................................................................... 6-3
Maximum load limits ................................................... 8-18
Meters and gauges...................................................... 3-5
Mirror defogger .......................................................... 3-35
Mirrors ...................................................................... 3-32
Moonroof................................................................... 2-23
N
New vehicle break-in driving ......................................... 8-2
O
Odometer/Trip meter .................................................... 3-6
Oil filter ..................................................................... 11-9
Oil level
Engine .................................................................. 11-8
Front differential gear ............................................ 11-21
Information Provided by:
Manual transmission.............................................. 11-19
Rear differential .................................................... 11-22
Oil pressure warning light............................................ 3-14
On-pavement and off-road driving .................................. 8-6
Outside
Mirror defogger ...................................................... 3-35
Mirrors.......................................................... 3-34, 3-35
Temperature indicator ............................................. 3-23
Overhead console........................................................ 6-7
Overheating engine .................................................... 9-12
P
Parking
Brake ................................................................... 7-33
Brake stroke......................................................... 11-30
Tips...................................................................... 7-33
Parking your vehicle ................................................... 7-33
Periodic inspections ..................................................... 8-4
Petrol fuel ................................................................... 7-3
Power
Door locking switch .................................................. 2-6
Outside mirrors ...................................................... 3-35
Seat ....................................................................... 1-4
Steering................................................................ 7-23
Steering fluid ........................................................ 11-24
Windows............................................................... 2-20
Precautions against vehicle modification ............... 1-23, 1-60
Preparing to drive ........................................................ 7-8
R
Rear
Combination lights ................................................ 11-50
Gate ............................................................. 2-22, 9-17
Seats ..................................................................... 1-7
Rear differential
Gear oil ............................................................... 11-22
Rear seat
Center table............................................................ 6-7
Folding down ......................................................... 1-10
Reclining ................................................................ 1-9
Rear turn signal........................................................ 11-50
Rear window
Defogger ............................................................... 3-35
Wiper and washer switch......................................... 3-32
Wiper blades........................................................ 11-42
Recommended
Automatic transmission fluid................................... 11-21
Brake fluid ........................................................... 11-26
Clutch fluid .......................................................... 11-27
Engine oil ................................................... 11-11, 11-12
Front differential gear oil ........................................ 11-22
Manual transmission oil ......................................... 11-20
Power steering fluid .............................................. 11-25
Rear differential gear oil ........................................ 11-23
Spark plugs ......................................................... 11-18
Refueling.................................................................... 7-4
Remote engine start system ........................................ 7-11
Remote keyless entry system ....................................... 2-7
Replacement
Brake pad and lining............................................. 11-29
Index 14-7
Information Provided by:
14-8 Index
Wiper blades ........................................................ 11-40
Replacing
Air cleaner element ............................................... 11-16
Battery (remote keyless entry system) ...................... 2-10
Lost transmitters (remote keyless entry system)......... 2-11
Replacing bulbs ........................................................ 11-47
Cargo area light .................................................... 11-51
Dome light ........................................................... 11-51
Door step light ...................................................... 11-51
Front turn signal light............................................. 11-50
Headlight ............................................................. 11-47
License plate light ................................................. 11-51
Map light.............................................................. 11-51
Position light......................................................... 11-50
Rear combination light ........................................... 11-50
Rocking the vehicle .................................................... 8-11
Roof molding and crossbar ......................................... 8-14
Roof rails .................................................................. 8-13
S
Safety
Precautions when driving ............................................. 4
Symbol ...................................................................... 2
Warnings ................................................................... 2
Seat
Fabric................................................................... 10-5
Heater .................................................................... 1-6
Seat height adjustment ................................................. 1-4
Seatbelt ......................................................................... 4
Maintenance.......................................................... 1-20
Pretensioners ........................................................ 1-20
Safety tips ............................................................. 1-11
Warning light and chime .................................. 1-12, 3-10
Seatbelts ................................................................... 1-11
Security ID plate.......................................................... 2-3
Security indicator light ................................................. 3-20
Selector lever............................................................. 7-17
Position indicator .................................................... 3-21
Shift lock release........................................................ 7-22
Shock sensors ........................................................... 2-19
Shopping bag hook..................................................... 6-12
Snow tires ....................................................... 8-10, 11-31
Snowy and icy roads ................................................... 8-9
Sounding a panic alarm .............................................. 2-10
Spark plugs ............................................................. 11-18
Specifications............................................................. 12-2
Speedometer .............................................................. 3-6
SPORT mode ............................................................ 7-21
SPORT mode indicator light......................................... 3-20
SRS
Curtain airbag ........................................................ 1-49
Frontal airbag......................................................... 1-38
Side airbag ............................................................ 1-49
SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System airbag)... 4, 1-34
SRS airbag system
Monitors ................................................................ 1-59
Servicing ............................................................... 1-59
Warning light.......................................................... 3-11
Starting the engine ...................................................... 7-8
State emission testing (U.S. only) .................................. 7-7
Steering wheel
Power ................................................................... 7-23
Information Provided by:
Tilt ....................................................................... 3-37
Tilt/telescopic......................................................... 3-38
Stopping the engine ................................................... 7-10
Storage compartment ................................................... 6-5
Sun shade ................................................................ 2-25
Sun visors................................................................... 6-4
Supplemental Restraint System airbag (SRS) ................ 1-34
Synthetic leather upholstery ........................................ 10-5
T
Tachometer ................................................................. 3-8
Temperature warning light
AT OIL TEMP ........................................................ 3-14
Temporary spare tire .................................................... 9-2
Tether (child restraint system) .............................. 1-30, 1-33
Tie-down hooks ......................................................... 9-13
Tilt steering wheel ...................................................... 3-37
Tire
Chains.................................................................. 8-11
Inspection ............................................................ 11-33
Pressures and wear .............................................. 11-33
Replacement ........................................................ 11-37
Rotation............................................................... 11-36
Types .................................................................. 11-31
Tire pressure monitoring system
(TPMS).......................................... 3-15, 7-32, 9-9, 11-31
Tires......................................................................... 12-5
Tires and wheels....................................................... 11-31
Tools .......................................................................... 9-4
Top tether anchorages ........................................ 1-30, 1-33
Towing...................................................................... 9-12
All wheels on the ground ......................................... 9-16
Flat-bed truck......................................................... 9-15
Tie-down hooks...................................................... 9-13
Weight .................................................................. 8-18
Traction Control system
OFF indicator light .................................................. 3-19
Trailer
Connecting ............................................................ 8-16
Hitch..................................................................... 8-15
Hitches.................................................................. 8-21
Towing .................................................................. 8-17
Towing tips ............................................................ 8-23
Trip meter................................................................... 3-6
Turn signal
Indicator lights........................................................ 3-21
Lever .................................................................... 3-27
U
Under-floor storage compartment.................................. 6-16
V
Valet mode ................................................................ 2-17
Vanity mirror ............................................................... 6-5
Vehicle
Capacity weight...................................................... 8-12
Identification ........................................................ 12-13
Symbols .................................................................... 3
Vehicle Dynamics Control
OFF indicator light .................................................. 7-29
OFF switch ............................................................ 7-31
Operation indicator light................................... 3-19, 7-29
Index 14-9
Information Provided by:
14-10 Index
System ................................................................. 7-27
Warning light ................................................. 3-19, 7-29
Ventilator .................................................................... 4-2
W
Warning and indicator lights .......................................... 3-9
Warning light
ABS ............................................................. 3-16, 7-25
All-Wheel Drive...................................................... 3-18
AT OIL TEMP ........................................................ 3-14
Automatic headlight beam leveler............................. 3-18
Brake system ........................................................ 3-17
Charge ................................................................. 3-14
CHECK ENGINE ................................................... 3-12
Coolant temperature high........................................ 3-13
Door open............................................................. 3-18
Hill start assist ............................................... 3-18, 7-36
Low fuel.......................................................... 3-8, 3-18
Low tire pressure ................................................... 3-15
Oil pressure .......................................................... 3-14
Seatbelt ........................................................ 1-12, 3-10
SRS airbag system ................................................ 3-11
Vehicle Dynamics Control ....................... 3-19, 7-29, 7-30
Warranties ..................................................................... 1
Warranties and maintenance ....................................... 8-17
Washing ................................................................... 10-2
Waxing and polishing ................................................. 10-3
Wear indicators......................................................... 11-35
Wheel
Alignment.............................................................. 12-5
Aluminum............................................................. 11-38
Balance............................................................... 11-35
Covers ................................................................ 11-38
Replacement........................................................ 11-37
Windows ................................................................... 2-20
Windshield
Washer fluid......................................................... 11-39
Wiper and washer switches ..................................... 3-30
Wiper blades........................................................ 11-41
Wiper deicer .......................................................... 3-35
Winter
Driving ................................................................... 8-8
Tires ........................................................... 8-10, 11-31
Wiper and washer ...................................................... 3-29
Wiper deicer .............................................................. 3-35
Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
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Information Provided by:
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10
9
876
5
4
3
11
12
13
000134
Information Provided by:
GAS STATION REFERENCE
& Fuel:
! Non-turbo models
Use only unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI or
higher.
! Turbo models
Use premium unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 91
AKI or higher. If premium unleaded gasoline with an octane
rating of 91 AKI is not available, regular unleaded gasoline with
octane rating of 87 AKI or higher may be temporarily used. For
optimum engine performance and driveability, it is required that
you use premium grade unleaded gasoline with an octane
rating of 91 AKI or higher.
& Fuel octane rating:
This octane rating is the average of the Research Octane and
Motor Octane numbers and is commonly referred to as the Anti
Knock Index (AKI). Refer to “Fuel octane rating” F7-3.
& Fuel capacity:
16.9 US gal (64 liters, 14.1 Imp gal)
& Engine oil:
Use only the following oils.
. ILSAC GF-4, which can be identified with the ILSAC
certification mark (Starburst mark)
. or API classification SM with the words “ENERGY CONSERVING”
For the complete viscosity requirements, refer to the following
sections.
. “Recommended grade and viscosity” F11-11
. “Recommended grade and viscosity under severe driving
conditions” F11-12
& Engine oil capacity:
4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt)
& Cold tire pressure:
Tire size P215/65R16 96H P225/55R17 95H
Wheel size 16 6 61/2 J 16 6 6
1/2 JJ 17 6 7 JJ
Pressure Front 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2) 32 psi (220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2)
Rear 29 psi (200 kPa, 2.0 kgf/cm2) 30 psi (210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2)
Rear when towing trailer 35 psi (240 kPa, 2.4 kgf/cm2) 36 psi (250 kPa, 2.5 kgf/cm2)
Temporary
spare tire
Size T155/70 D17
Pressure 60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kgf/cm
2)
NOTE
For the Latin American models, there is a conventional tire installed under the floor of the cargo area.Information Provided by:
2010 FORESTER Owner’s Manual
M
SA
5M
10
03
A
A8150BE-A
Issued February 2009
Printed in USA 03/09
2010A
2
0
1
0
FO
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E
S
TE
R
O
w n er’s M
an u al FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD.
TOKYO, JAPAN
Information Provided by:

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