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Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
ENTERPRISES
OF
NORTH KOREA
DEFENSE-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
DIRECTORY
Research Analyst Defence (Waterlooville) Limited
July 2005
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
RAD Research Analyst Defence Ltd. (established 1988)
Head Office (Administration)
22 Highfield Avenue
Waterlooville, Hampshire
PO7 7PX, United Kingdom
Telephone +44-(0)-2392-257329
Telephone +44-(0)-2392-268300
ENTERPRISES
OF
NORTH KOREA
DEFENSE-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
DIRECTORY
Research Analyst Defence (Waterlooville) Limited
Last Updated 5 May 2010
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
This directory collects and summarizes information on North Korean defence
enterprises, scientific organizations and those industrial groups that will be of
strategic importance during a time of conflict.
During the 1990s, North Korea had some 134 arms factories; many of them
completely or partially concealed underground. These facilities produced:
(a) Ground service arms
(b) Ammunition
(c) Armoured vehicles
(d) Naval craft
(e) Aircraft (spares and subassemblies)
(f) Missiles
(g) Electronics
(h) Chemical-related materials
In addition, some 115 non-military factories have a dedicated wartime production
requirement.
By the late 1980s as many as eight industrial facilities capable of producing
chemical agents had been identified they were located at:
(a) Anju
(b) Aoji
(c) Ch'ngjin
(d) Hamhung
(e) Manp'o
(f) Sinhung
(g) Siniju
(h) Sunch'n
There were three research institutes these are located at:
(a) Kanggye
(b) Siniju
(c) Hamhung
North Korea is credited with the capability to produce nerve agents, blood agents,
blistering agents, and choking agents. Some estimates place North Korea's
chemical stockpiles at around 250 tons.
Heavy industry exists across the country, but most plants are rundown and inefficient
after years of underinvestment.
Manufacturing output is geared to the demands of the massive armed forces.
Few factories produce consumer goods and those North Koreans who can afford them
rely on imported second hand items from China and Japan.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Each organisation is recognised by its own file page.
Updates to information are on a continual basis as more detailed and new
information comes to hand.
Furthermore included in these updates are those non-North Korean organisations
associated with North Korean factories who produce export weapon systems on
license and whose technical cooperation is vital to the North Korean factory for
the design, development and production of those weapon systems.
The directory only includes information that in recent years has been distributed
at foreign and domestic arms exhibitions or has been published in the open press.
Korean Transliteration, Geographic Units, and Proper Names
The Korean language presents a number of problems for transliteration, and there is no
universally accepted system. The most common schemes now in use are the McCune-Reischauer
system, the South Korean Ministry of Education system, and the North Korean system. The
Center for Nonproliferation Studies uses the McCune-Reischauer system in the North Korea
Country Profile as in its other work. However, exceptions have been made for public figures and
proper names of firms, publications, and organizations. The original Korean names of places,
organizations, and facilities, etc., have been included in parentheses throughout the profile;
however, this text is illegible for browsers without the proper fonts or encoding. Tables for the
South Korean Ministry of Education system can be found below.
The McCune-Reischauer Transliteration System
Consonants

     
    



  









 


      















   
















Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
      
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1. Consonant between two vowels is transcribed with its initial value except that  is G,  is D,
 is B,  is J, and  is P (with no apostrophe).
2. Transliterated as SHWI.
3. Is transliterated as SHI.
4. Is transliterated as SSI.
Double consonants in the initial position
' ( ) * +
   !! &&
Vowels
, - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5
6 76 8 78 9 79 : 7: ; <
= > ? @ A B C D E F G
HJI H

ILK K MLK NPO

O HJILK HQK RILK R%K
Geographic Names and Units in North Korea
Geographic place names include the administrative unit, except for cities, provinces and
mountains. The administrative
unit follows the place name, and a hyphen separates the place name and administrative unit. See
the following table for an
explanation of Korean geographic/administrative units. Note that the place names "No-dong" and
"Taepo-dong" include
hyphens, but the missile names "Nodong" and "Taepodong" do not.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Geographic Units
Korean English Definition Examples SUTPV
W
nodongjagu Special administrative districts for
mining, forestry or other enterprises. The
term literally means “labour district.”
Okp’yngdnodongjagu
T dong Smallest administrative unit of a town,
village or city
No-dong, Taepodong, Kwahakdong X ri Village Musudan-ri,
Kumchang-ri,
Yngjo-ri W ku District within a town, village or city Tongdaemun-ku
Y
p Town Chunggang-p
Z kun County Hwadae-kun
WU[ kuyk District Taesng-kuyk
W chigu District Kmho-chigu
] shi City Pyongyang,
Kanggye ^ do Province South Hamgyng
Province ^ do Island Mayang Island
_ san Mountain Mt. Kmgang
` Pong Peak Kungmang Peak
(
)
Names of the cities of Seoul and Pyongyang are exceptions because of traditional usage:
Seoul (Sul)
Pyongyang (P'yngyang)
Proper Names, Names of People and Public Figures
Korean names begin with the surname and are followed by the given name. The given name does
not have a hyphen between the first and second syllables. "Lee" is used for the common name
"" or " ()," and "Park" is used for the common name " " or "
." Alternative spellings
that have become standard for public figures are used:
Chung Ju Young (Chung Chu Yng)
Kim Dae Jung (Kim Tae Chung)
Kim Il Sung (Kim Il Sng)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kim Jong Il (Kim Chng Il)
Kim Young Sam (Kim Yng Sam)
Park Chung Hee (Park Chng Hi)
Rhee Syngman (Lee Sng Man)
Roh Moo Hyun (No Mu Hyn)
Roh Tae Woo (No T'ae U)
Proper Names for Missiles
Nodong
Taepodong-1
Taepodong-2
Hwasng-5
Hwasng-6
Paektusan-1
Proper Names for Publications
The North Korea Country Profile utilizes the same spellings adopted by major publications, even
though the spellings may be different from those found in some other sources. The following is a
list of common news publications found in the North Korea country profile:
Chosun Ilbo (Chosn Ilbo)
Chugan Chosun (Chugan Chosn)
Donga Ilbo (Tong'a Ilbo)
Hankook Ilbo (Han'guk Ilbo)
Hankyoreh 21 (Han'gyre 21)
Hankyoreh Shinmun (Han'gyre Shinmun)
Joongang Ilbo (Chung'ang Ilbo)
Kook Bang Ilbo (Kukpang Ilbo)
Kukmin Ilbo (Kungmin Ilbo)
Kwahak Donga (Kwahak Tong'a)
Kyunghyang Shinmun (Kynghyang Shinmun)
Minju Joson (Minju Chosn)
Munhwa Ilbo
Rodong Sinmun (Rodong Shinmun)
Segye Ilbo
Seoul Shinmun (Sul Shinmun)
Shindonga (Shindong'a)
Taehan Maeil
Wolgan Chosun (Wlgan Chosn)
South Korean Ministry of Education Romanization System
Below are tables for the South Korean Ministry of Education transliteration system.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
# 9abc9a6a%db
INITIAL
   

FINAL g n d r m b
k g kg ngn kd ngn ngm kb
n n ng nn nd II (nn) nm nb
 l r lg ll ld ll lm lb
 m m mg mn md mn mm mb
 p b pg mn pd mn mm pb
ng ng ngg ngn ngd ngn ngm ngb
Initial       
Final s j ch k t p h
k ks kj kch kk kt kp kh(k)
n ns nj nch nk nt np nh
 l ls lj lch lk lt lp lh
 m ms mj mch mk mt mp mh
 p ps pj pch pk pt pp ph (p)
ng ngs ngj ngch ngk ngt ngp ngh
"Final" refers to the final position character in a Korean syllable.
"Initial" refers to the first position character in a Korean syllable. When the final position
character of one syllable is followed by the first position character of the next, the phonetic value
of either or both characters changes in a limited number of cases as demonstrated here.
Plosives (stops)
       
g,k kk k d,t tt t b,p pp p
Affricates
  
j jj ch
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Fricatives
  
s ss h
Vowels
  ! " # $ % & ' (
a eo o u eu i ae e oe wi ya
) * + , - . / 0 1 2
yeo yo yu yae ye wa wae wo we ui
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Foreword
The current edition of the directory Enterprises of North Korean Defence Industry Complex is
one of a few attempts undertaken in the West at the present time to summarize information on
industrial enterprises and scientific organizations engaged in defence research and the production
of arms and military equipment.
At the same time, this is the first of such attempts to collect and summarize information on North
Korean enterprises belonging to the structure of the defence agencies.
Proceeding from the importance of this goal, the collective of the Research Analyst Defence
(Waterlooville) Limited considers timely the publication of a directory on enterprises of North
Korean defence complex.
The present edition does not pretend to exhaustive completeness. It includes only that information which has been disseminated in recent years at arms and military equipment exhibitions or
has been published in the open press. However, we hope that the directory will be a timely guide
for those who are interested in promoting or acquiring defence-industry-complex products.
The directory is intended for those persons to whom contacts with the North Korean defence
industry complex are essential for one reason or another. This includes marketing specialists,
representatives of the defence industry and foreign trade organizations, leaders of OPK
enterprises, military and civilian analysts, journalists, and also everyone else who is interested in
the North Korean defence complex.
Research Analyst Defence (Waterlooville) Limited will be grateful for all constructive criticism,
comments, additions, and suggestions to be considered in subsequent editions of the publication.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
ACRONYMS LIST
List “A”
AAA: Anti-Aircraft Artillery
AAM: Air-to-Air Missile
AAMRI: China Air-to-Air Missile Research Institute
AASPT: Academy of Aerospace Solid propulsion Technology
ABM: Anti-Ballistic Missile
AC: Alternating current
ADS: Automatic dependent surveillance
AEW: Airborne Early Warning
AFV: Armoured Fighting Vehicle
AI: Artificial Intelligence
AIP: Air-Independent Propulsion
ALCM: Air-Launched Cruise Missile
AO: Joint-Stock Company
AOOT: Open-Type Joint-Stock Company
AOZT: Closed-Type Joint-Stock Company
APC: Armoured Personnel Carrier
APU: Auxiliary Power Unit
ASAT: Anti-Satellite
ASCM: Air-to-Surface Cruise Missile (Anti-Ship Cruise Missile)
ASIC: Application Specific Integrated Circuits
ASM: Air-to-Surface Missile
ASM: Anti-Ship Missile
ASW: Anti-Submarine Warfare
AT: Anti-Tank
ATACMS: Army Tactical Missile System
ATC: Air Traffic Control
ATGM: Anti-Tank Guided Missile
ATIC: China Aerospace Time Instrument Corporation
ATM: Air Traffic Management
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AVIC: Aviation Industries of China
AVIC I: China Aviation Industries Corporation I (1)
AVIC II: China Aviation Industries Corporation II (2)
AWACS: Airborne Warning and Control System
List “B”
BMD: Ballistic Missile Defence
BVR: Beyond Visual Range
List “C”
C4I: Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence
C4ISR: Command, Control, Computers, Communications, and Intelligence, Surveillance, and
Reconnaissance
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
CAAC: Civil Aviation Administration of China
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CAE: Chinese Aeronautical Establishment
CAEIT: China Academy of Electronics and Information Technology
CAEP: China Academy of Engineering Physics
CAIC: China Aerospace Industry Corporation
CALT: China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing
CANDU: Canada Deuterium Uranium (reactor)
CAPUMIT: China Association for the Peaceful Use of Military Industry Technology
CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica)
CASC: China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
CASET: China Academy of Space Electronics Technology
CASIC: China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation
CAST: China Academy of Space Technology
CATIC: China National Aero technology Import and Export Corporation
CCD: Charged Coupled Device
CCP: Chinese Communist Party
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CEP: Circular Error of Probability
CGWIC: China Great Wall Industry Corporation
CHAIC: Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation
CHETA: China Haiying Electromechanical Technology Academy
CIAE: China Institute of Atomic Energy
CIC: China’s Shipping Industry Company
CIMS: Computer Integrated Manufacturing System
CITIC: China International Trust and Investment Corporation
CMC: Central Military Commission
CMOS: Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductors
CNGC: China North Industries Group Corporation (aka NORINCO)
CNNC: China National Nuclear Corporation
CNSA: China National Space Administration
CNS/ATM: Communication, Navigation, and Surveillance/Air Traffic Management
COCOM: Co-ordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls
COMINT: Communications Intelligence
COSCO: Shipyard Group (Chinese Shipyards Owned by Chinese Shipping Conglomerates)
COSTIND: State Commission on Science Technology and Industry for National Defence
CPMIEC: China Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation
CPKM: Commercial Perigee Kick Motor
CSIC: China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (Zhongguo Chuanbo Zhonggong Jituan Gongsi)
CSIS: China Shipbuilding Industry Services
CSOIC: China Shipbuilding and Offshore International Company
CSQC: Chinese Society for Quality Control
CSS: China Surface-to-Surface
CSSC: China State Shipbuilding Corporation
CSTC: China Shipbuilding Trading Corporation
CTBT: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CWC: Chemical Weapons Convention
CZ: Changzhen (Long March Launch Vehicle)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
List “D”
DC: Direct Current
DEW: Directed Energy Weapon
DF: Dong Feng (East Wind – Ballistic Missile)
DFH: Dongfanghong (the East is Red)
DH: Dong Hai (East Sea)
DSMAC: Digital Scene Matching and Correlation
DU: Depleted Uranium
DWT: Dead Weight Tonnage
List “E”
ECCM: Electronic Counter-Counter-Measures
ECM: Electronic Counter-Measures
ELINT: Electronic Intelligence
EMI: Electromagnetic Interference
EMP: Electromagnetic Pulse
EPKM: Earth Perigee Kick Motors
ERA: Explosive Reactive Armour
ERFB-BB: Extended Full Bore Base Bleed
ESM: Electronic Support Measures
ESR: Electro-Slag Manufacturing Techniques
EVA: Extra-vehicular Activities (Space)
EW: Electronic Warfare
List “F”
FADECS: Full Authority Digital Engine Control System
FAE: Fuel Air Explosive
FB: Unknown
FBC: Unknown
FBL: Fly-by-Light
FBW: Fly-by Wire
FGUP: Federal State Unitary Enterprise
FLIR: Forward Looking Infrared (Sensors)
FMS: Flexible Manufacturing System
FOBS: Fractional Orbit Bombardment System
FSGIC: Fujian Shipbuilding Industry Group Corporation
FT: Fei Tung
List “G”
GaAs: Gallium Arsenide
GAD: General Armaments Department
GED: General Equipment Armaments Department (PLA)
GEO: Geosynchronous, or Geostationary Earth, Orbit
GGWIC: China Great Wall Industry Corporation
GIS: Geographic Information System
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
GLD: General Logistics Department (PLA)
GLONASS: Global Positioning System (Russian)
GP: State Enterprise
GPCR: Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
GPMG: General Purpose Machine Gun
GPS: Global Positioning System (US)
GSD: General Staff Department (PLA)
GSG: Guangzhou Shipbuilding Group) Guangdong Province)
GTO: Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit
GUP: State Unitary Enterprise
List “H”
HAIG: Hongdu Aviation Industrial Group
HDTV: High Definition Television (Digital)
HE: High Explosive
HEAT: High Explosive Anti-Tank
HGP: Human Genome Project
HJ: Hong Jean (Red Arrow)
HLW: High Level Waste (Radioactive)
HPC: High Performance Computer
HPM: High Powered Microwave
HQ: Hong I (Red Flag or Red Banner)
HUD: Head Up Display
HY: Hay Ying (Sea Eagle)
List “I”
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IC: Integrated Circuit
ICBM: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
IEAS: Institute of Electronics of Academia Sinica
IFF: Identify Friend or Foe
IFV: Infantry Fighting Vehicle
ILS: Instrument Landing System
IMINT: Imagery Intelligence
IN: Inertial
INS: Inertial Navigational System
IR: Infrared
IRBM: Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IRSA: Institute of Remote Sensing Applications
ISO: International Standards Organisation
IT :Information Technology
IW: Information Warfare
List “J”
JH: Unknown
JJ: Unknown
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
JL: Jug Lang (Giant Wave)
JL: Ju Lang (Giant Wave)
List “K”
kt: Kilo Ton
kw: Kilowatt
KB: Design Bureau
KS: Kai Shan
List “L”
LACM: Land Attack Cruise Missile
LAV: Lightly Armoured Vehicle
LEO: Low Earth Orbit
LIEOE: Buoying Institute of Electro-Optical Equipment
L/ILW: Low and Intermediate Level Waste (Radioactive)
LM: Long March (Chang Zen)
LMG: Light Machine Gun
LNG: Liquid Natural Gas
LPG: Liquid Propane Gas
LRBM: Long Range Ballistic Missile
LST: Landing Ship Tank
LWIR: Long Wave Infrared
LY: Laying (Falcon)
List “M”
M: Mach
MAD: Mutual Assured Destruction
MAD: Magnetic Anomaly Device
MANPAD: Man Portable Air Defence
MANPADs: Man Portable Air Defence System
MARIC: Marine Design and Research Institute of China
MARV: Manoeuvring Re-Entry Vehicle
MAS: Ministry of Aerospace Industry
MBI: Machine Building Industry
MBT: Main Battle Tank
MEMS: Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems
MIRV: Multiple Independently Targeted Re-Entry Vehicle
MLS: Microwave Landing Systems
MLRS: Multiple Launch Rocket System
MMB: Ministry of Machine Building
MMW: Millimetre Wave
MoC: Ministry of Communications
MOFTEC: Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
MOST: Ministry of Science and Technology
MRBM: Medium Range Ballistic Missile
MRO: Military Representative Office
MRV: Multiple Re-Entry Vehicles
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
mt: Megaton
MTCR: Missile Technology Control Regime
mw: Megawatt
List “N”
NBCW: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare
NC: Numerically Controlled
NDIO: State Council National Defence Industry Office
NDSTC: National Defence Science and Technology Commission
NII: Scientific-Research Institute
NORINCO: Northern Chinese Industries Corporation
NPO: Science and Production Association
NPT: Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty
NRSCC: National Remote Sensing Centre of China
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group
List “O”
OAO: Open Joint-Stock Company
OKB: Experimental Design Bureau
OPK: Defence-Industrial Complex
OTH: Over the Horizon
List “P”
PC: Personal Computer
PCB: Printed Circuit Board
PENAIDS: Penetration Aids (Ballistic Missile)
PERT/CPM: Project Evaluation and Review Technique/Critical Path Method
PGM: Precision Guided Munitions
PL: Pi Li (Thunderbolt)
PLA(N): People’s Liberation Army (Navy)
PLA: People’s Liberation Army
PLAAF: People’s Liberation Army Air Force
PO: Production Association
PRC: People’s Republic of China
PSYOP: Psychological Operations
PWR: Pressurised Water Reactor
List “Q”
QW: Qian Wei (Vanguard)
List “R”
R&D: Research and Development
RADAG: Radar digital area guidance system
RASU: Russian Agency for Control System
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
RAV: Russian Conventional Arms Agency
RCS: Radar Cross-Section
RF: Radio Frequency
RFI: Radio Frequency Interference
RKT: Space-rocket equipment/technology
RMA: Revolution in Military Affairs
Rmb: Renminbi (unit of currency in China)
RPG: rocket Propelled Grenade
RPV: Remotely Piloted Vehicles
RSGS: Remote Sensing Ground Station
RV: Re-Entry Vehicles
List “S”
S&T: Science and Technology
SAIC: Sichuan Aerospace Industry Corporation
SAIG: Shenyang Aircraft Industry Group
SAM: Surface-to-Air Missile
SAR: Semi-Active Radar
SAR: Synthetic Aperture Radar
SAST: Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology
SAW: Surface Acoustic Wave
SBI: Ship Building Industry
SD: Shanghai (Ship) Design
SDARI: Shanghai Ship Design and Research Institute
SDH: Synchronous Digital Hierachy
SEZ: Special Economic Zone
SIGINT: Singnals Intelligence
SJSG: Shanghai Jiangnan Shipbuilding Group
SLAR: Self-Loading Assault Rifle
SLBM: Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile
SLOWPOKE: Safe Low Power Critical Experiment Miniature Reactor
SLV: Space Launch Vehicle (Satellite)
SOE: State Owned Enterprises
SP: Joint Venture
SP: Self-Propelled
SPAAG: Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun
SPATG: Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun
SPG: Self-Propelled Gun
SRBM: Short Range Ballistic Missile
SSBN: Nuclear-Powered Ballistic Missile Submarine
SSG: Shanghai Shipbuilding Group
SSK: Diesel Electric Powered Submarine
SS-N: Surface-to-Surface Navy
SSN: Nuclear-Powered Attack Submarine
SSTO: Single-Stage-to-Orbit (Space Launcher)
STECO: Central Military Commission Science and Technology Equipment Commission
STOL: Short Take-Off and Landing
SWG: Shanghai Waiqaoqiao Group
SZHSG: Shanghai Zhonghua Hudong Shipbuilding Group
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
List “T”
TEL: Transporters, Erector and Launcher
TERCOM: Terrain Contour Matching (Guidance System)
TERCOM: Terrain Comparison; Matches radar pictures of terrain with a computer database of terrain
images to guide a missile to its target
TFR: Terrain Following Radar
TJ: Tianjin air launched missile series
TL: Unknown
TMD: Theatre Missile Defence
TNP: Consumer Goods
TOW: Optically Aimed Wired Guided Anti-Tank Missile
TQC: Total Quality Control
TsNII: Central Scientific Research Institute
TSTO: Two Stage to Orbit (Space Launcher)
TT&C: Tracking, Telemetry and Control
TV: TeleVision
TY: Tian Yan (Heavenly Swallow)
List “U”
UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UHF: Ultra High Frequency
List “V”
VED: Foreign-Economic Affairs
VES: Foreign Economic Relations
VFAC: Variable Frequency Alternating Curretn
VHF: Very High Frequency
VLS: Vertical Launch System
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integrated (Circuits)
VSAT: Very Small Aperture Satellite Terminals
V/STOL: Vertical/Short Take Off and Landing
List “W”
W: Watt
WIG: Wing In Ground
WMD: Weapon of Mass Destruction
WTO: World Trade Organisation
WVR: Within Visual Range
WWII: World War Two
List “X”
XAIG: Xi’an Aircraft Industrial Group
XISRT: Xi’an Institute of Space Radio Technology
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
List “Y”
YJ: Ying Ji (Eagle Strike)
List “Z”
ZAO: Closed Joint-Stock Company
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Contents:
Foreword ................................................................................................................................... 11
ACRONYMS LIST .................................................................................................................. 12
Section 1 ....................................................................................................................................... 29
118 Factory ............................................................................................................................... 29
125 Factory ............................................................................................................................... 30
Section 2 ....................................................................................................................................... 31
2.8 Vinylon Factory .................................................................................................................. 31
297 Factory ............................................................................................................................... 32
2nd Machine Industry Bureau .................................................................................................... 33
Section 3 ....................................................................................................................................... 34
Section 4 ....................................................................................................................................... 35
Fourth Machine Industry Bureau .............................................................................................. 35
Section 5 ....................................................................................................................................... 36
516 Construction Company ...................................................................................................... 36
Section 6 ....................................................................................................................................... 37
Section 7 ....................................................................................................................................... 38
Section 8 ....................................................................................................................................... 39
8th February Synthetic Fiber Integrated Plant ........................................................................... 39
Eight February Fibre Integrated Plant ................................................................................... 39
Section 9 ....................................................................................................................................... 40
Section Alfa .................................................................................................................................. 41
Academy of Defence Sciences .................................................................................................. 41
Academy of National Defence .................................................................................................. 42
Air Korya .................................................................................................................................. 43
An River Army Barracks .......................................................................................................... 44
An-gol Army Barracks .............................................................................................................. 45
Anju Chemical Plant ................................................................................................................. 46
Namhung Youth Chemical Complex .................................................................................... 46
Anju District Coal Mine............................................................................................................ 47
Anju Jaeji Paper Factory ........................................................................................................... 48
Aoji Chemical Plant .................................................................................................................. 49
April 25th Vinalon Factory ........................................................................................................ 50
August Third people’s Consumer Good Production Movement .............................................. 51
Section Bravo ............................................................................................................................... 52
Banco Delta Asia SARL ........................................................................................................... 52
Baekdu ...................................................................................................................................... 53
Bukchang Aluminium Factory .................................................................................................. 54
Bukjung Machine Factory......................................................................................................... 55
Section Charlie ............................................................................................................................ 56
Chamjin Ammunition/Missile Factory ..................................................................................... 56
Chagang Missile Bases ............................................................................................................. 57
Changgwang Credit Corporation .............................................................................................. 58
Changgwang Sinyong Corporation ........................................................................................... 59
Chaho Naval Shipyard .............................................................................................................. 60
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
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Reg. No. 05006630
Chemical Industry Research Institute ....................................................................................... 61
Chiha-ri Staff Headquarters Area ............................................................................................. 62
Ch’ngjin Chemical Plant ........................................................................................................... 63
Ch’ngnyn Integrated Chemical Works ..................................................................................... 64
Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant.................................................................................................... 65
Chengchengang Thermo-Electric Plant .................................................................................... 66
Chog Zin ................................................................................................................................... 67
Chongjin Chemical Enterprise .................................................................................................. 68
Choson Bongwha Company ..................................................................................................... 69
Chosun Computer Centre .......................................................................................................... 70
Chosun International Development Trust Company ................................................................ 71
Ch’onma-san ............................................................................................................................. 72
Choson Sinbo ............................................................................................................................ 73
Chullima Steel Mill ................................................................................................................... 74
Chollima Steel Kombinat ...................................................................................................... 74
Chunbi District Coal Mine ........................................................................................................ 75
Chungjin Machine Tool Factory ............................................................................................... 76
Chungjin Bus Factory ............................................................................................................... 77
Chungjin Railway Factory ........................................................................................................ 78
Chungjin Shipyard .................................................................................................................... 79
Chungganjin Launch Site .......................................................................................................... 80
Section Delta ................................................................................................................................ 81
Daedong River Construction Company .................................................................................... 81
Daedong River Instant Noodle Factory .................................................................................... 82
Daepung Investment Group ...................................................................................................... 83
Danchon Tailings Project .......................................................................................................... 84
Dia-Star Corporation ................................................................................................................. 85
Doksong Long-Range Missile Base.......................................................................................... 86
Dongkong Foreign Trade Corporation...................................................................................... 87
Dongchang-ni Missile Launch Base ......................................................................................... 88
Dongchang-ri ........................................................................................................................ 88
Section Echo ................................................................................................................................ 90
Electronics Engineering Research Institute .............................................................................. 90
Section Foxtrot ............................................................................................................................ 91
Factory 39 ................................................................................................................................. 91
February 8th Vinalon Factory .................................................................................................... 93
Foreign Trade Bank of Korea ................................................................................................... 94
Section Golf.................................................................................................................................. 95
Gilju Nuclear Test Site.............................................................................................................. 95
Gilju Pulp .................................................................................................................................. 97
Goonpyo .................................................................................................................................... 98
Gusung Machine Tool Factory ................................................................................................. 99
Section Hotel .............................................................................................................................. 100
Hamgyong-bukto Launch Site ................................................................................................ 100
Hamhung Chemical Plant ....................................................................................................... 101
Hamhung Military Academy .................................................................................................. 102
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
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Hamhung Defence Academy .............................................................................................. 102
Military Academy of Hamhung .......................................................................................... 102
Hamhung Research Institute ................................................................................................... 103
Heechun Machine Tool Factory .............................................................................................. 104
HELM ..................................................................................................................................... 105
Heungnam Fertilizer Factory .................................................................................................. 106
Hich’n Machine Tool General Works ..................................................................................... 107
Hyoksin Trading Corporation ................................................................................................. 108
Howryung Paper Factory ........................................................................................................ 109
Hwadae-Gun Test Site ............................................................................................................ 110
Hwadae-gun Missile Test Facility ...................................................................................... 110
Hwadae Missile Base .............................................................................................................. 111
Hwanghae Steel Factory ......................................................................................................... 112
Section India .............................................................................................................................. 113
Iwon Airfield ........................................................................................................................... 113
Section Juliet.............................................................................................................................. 114
Jeungsan Short-Range Missile Test Site ................................................................................. 114
Section Kilo ................................................................................................................................ 115
Kaesong Industrial Complex................................................................................................... 115
Kangdong District Coal Mine ................................................................................................. 116
Kanggye Military Academy .................................................................................................... 117
National Defence College ................................................................................................... 117
Kanggye Defence College .................................................................................................. 117
Kanggye Defence Academy ............................................................................................... 117
Kanggye Military Academy ................................................................................................ 117
Kanggye Research Institute .................................................................................................... 118
Kangwon-do KPA Base .......................................................................................................... 119
Kilchu Highway Air Strip ....................................................................................................... 120
Kimch’aek Integrated Iran and Steel Works ........................................................................... 121
Kim Il-sung University ........................................................................................................... 122
Kim Jong Tae Locomotives Factory ....................................................................................... 123
Korea Foreign Commodity Inspection Committee ................................................................. 124
Korea International Exhibition Corporation ........................................................................... 125
Korea Pugang Trading Corporation ........................................................................................ 126
Korean Mining and Industrial Development Corporation ...................................................... 127
Korea Mining Development Trading Corp ......................................................................... 127
Korean People’s Army Number 7 Factory ............................................................................. 128
Koryo Global Credit Bank ...................................................................................................... 129
Kumchang-ri ........................................................................................................................... 130
Kumchon-ri ............................................................................................................................. 131
Kusong Military Daily Necessities Factory ............................................................................ 132
Kuum Ni Airfield .................................................................................................................... 133
Kuktong Airfield ..................................................................................................................... 134
Section Lima .............................................................................................................................. 135
Leybold AG ............................................................................................................................ 135
Lyongaksan Machineries and Equipment Export Corporation ............................................... 136
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
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Lyongaksan General Trading Corporation ............................................................................. 137
Section Mike .............................................................................................................................. 138
Mankyungdae Machine Tool Factory ..................................................................................... 138
Manp’o Chemical Plant .......................................................................................................... 139
Mant’apsan Mountain ............................................................................................................. 140
Mangyongdae Revolutionary Institute .................................................................................... 141
Mayang-do Shipyard ............................................................................................................... 142
Mayang-do Naval Base ....................................................................................................... 142
Meisho Yoko Trading House .................................................................................................. 143
Mining Development Trading Corporation ............................................................................ 144
KOMID ............................................................................................................................... 144
Missile Training Guidance Bureau ......................................................................................... 145
Mt. Chun Ma ........................................................................................................................... 146
Mt. Kanggamchan Launch Site............................................................................................... 147
Mt. Mantap .............................................................................................................................. 148
Musudan-ri. ............................................................................................................................. 149
Academy of Defence Sciences ............................................................................................ 149
Myongch’on Missile Base ...................................................................................................... 152
Section November ..................................................................................................................... 153
Nakwon Machine Factory ....................................................................................................... 153
Namhung Youth Chemical Complex ...................................................................................... 154
Anju Chemical Plant ........................................................................................................... 154
Nanjin Shipyard ...................................................................................................................... 155
Nampo Shipyard ..................................................................................................................... 156
National Economic Cooperative Federation ........................................................................... 157
Neungra ................................................................................................................................... 158
Nyongwon Hydropower Station ............................................................................................. 159
Section Oscar ............................................................................................................................. 160
Onjong-ri ................................................................................................................................. 160
Orang Airfield ......................................................................................................................... 161
Section Papa .............................................................................................................................. 162
Paegam District Coal Mine ..................................................................................................... 162
Panghyon Aircraft Plant .......................................................................................................... 163
Peace Motors Corporation ...................................................................................................... 164
Peoples Economic College ..................................................................................................... 165
Statistical Economics Department of the Peoples Economic College. ............................... 165
Pomhyanggi Cosmetics ........................................................................................................... 166
Pongdon-ni Missile Launch Site ............................................................................................. 167
Tongch’ang-dong Launch Facility ...................................................................................... 167
Dongchong-ni ..................................................................................................................... 167
Kwi-gol ............................................................................................................................... 167
Ponghwa Clinic ....................................................................................................................... 169
Pukchang Thermo-Electric Plant ............................................................................................ 170
Pyongyang Computer Assembly Factory ............................................................................... 171
Pyongyang Construction Machine Factory ............................................................................. 172
Pyongyang Integrated Circuit Factory .................................................................................... 173
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Integrated Textile Mill ......................................................................................... 174
Pyongyang Programme Centre ............................................................................................... 175
Pyongyang Thermo-Electric Plant .......................................................................................... 176
Pyongyang East Thermo-Electric Plant .................................................................................. 177
Pyongyang............................................................................................................................... 178
Pyongyang Railless Tram Car Factory ................................................................................... 179
Pyongyang Wheat Flour Factory ............................................................................................ 180
P'unggye-yok Nuclear Test Facility ........................................................................................ 181
Section Quebec .......................................................................................................................... 183
Section Romeo ........................................................................................................................... 184
Rakwn Machinery Works ....................................................................................................... 184
Rakwon Machinery Works ................................................................................................. 184
Rakwon Machine Complex ..................................................................................................... 185
Rungra 888 Trading House ..................................................................................................... 186
Ryonha Technological Innovations ........................................................................................ 187
Ryonha Machinery J/V Corporation ................................................................................... 187
Ryongbong General Corp ....................................................................................................... 188
Korea Ryongbong General Corp ........................................................................................ 188
Section Sierra ............................................................................................................................ 189
Sariwon Textile Mill ............................................................................................................... 189
S’ngri General Motor Works .................................................................................................. 190
Sabujin, ................................................................................................................................... 191
Samjiyon Airfield.................................................................................................................... 192
Samsu Power Station .............................................................................................................. 193
Sangham-ri Missile Base ........................................................................................................ 194
Sanum-dong Missile Research Centre .................................................................................... 195
Satgatmol ................................................................................................................................ 196
Science Research Institute ...................................................................................................... 197
Second Natural Science Academy .......................................................................................... 198
Engineering Research Institute ........................................................................................... 198
Sing-ye Missile Base............................................................................................................... 200
Sinhung Chemical Plant .......................................................................................................... 201
Siniju Chemical Plant ............................................................................................................. 202
Siniju Research Institute ......................................................................................................... 203
Siniju Textile Mill ................................................................................................................... 204
Sino-ri Missile Base ................................................................................................................ 205
Sinosteel Corporation (Zhonggang) ........................................................................................ 206
Sinpo Shipyard ........................................................................................................................ 207
Sogyang Trading Corporation Korea ...................................................................................... 208
British American Tobacco Korea ....................................................................................... 208
Taesong-BAT ...................................................................................................................... 208
Sondok Airfield ....................................................................................................................... 209
Soonchun Vinylon Factory ..................................................................................................... 210
Sowi-ri Nuclear Plant .............................................................................................................. 211
Sunch’n Chemical Plant .......................................................................................................... 212
Also known as ..................................................................................................................... 212
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
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www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sunch’on Vinalon Complex ................................................................................................ 212
Sunch’n Synthetic Fibre Complex ...................................................................................... 212
Sunchon Thermo-Electric Plant .............................................................................................. 213
Sungni General Automotive Factory ...................................................................................... 214
Sunjin Steel Manufacturing Plant ........................................................................................... 215
Section Tango ............................................................................................................................ 216
T’-gol District Coal Mine ....................................................................................................... 216
Taean Heavy Machinery Works ............................................................................................. 217
Taepo-tong Launch Site .......................................................................................................... 218
Tanchon Airstrip ..................................................................................................................... 219
Tanchon South Highway Airstrip ....................................................................................... 219
Tanchon Commercial Bank .................................................................................................... 220
Tongnimobong Precision Machine Plant ................................................................................ 222
The Committee for the Promotion of International Trade of the DPR Korea ........................ 223
The Committee for the Promotion of External Economic Cooperation ................................. 224
Toksan Airfield ....................................................................................................................... 225
Tonghua Iran and Steel Group (Tonggang) ............................................................................ 226
Tranchon Commercial Bank ................................................................................................... 227
Section Uniform ........................................................................................................................ 228
Uiju Airfield ............................................................................................................................ 228
Unggi (Oung gi) Therm-Electric Plant ................................................................................... 229
Unggi Oil Refinery ................................................................................................................. 230
UNHA ..................................................................................................................................... 231
Unphasan Pharmaceutical Institute Category ......................................................................... 232
Uranit GmbH .......................................................................................................................... 233
Section Victor ............................................................................................................................ 234
Section Whiskey ........................................................................................................................ 235
Wonsan Airfield ...................................................................................................................... 235
Wonsan Railway Cars Factory ................................................................................................ 236
Wonsan Shipyard .................................................................................................................... 237
Section Xray .............................................................................................................................. 238
Section Yankee .......................................................................................................................... 239
Yanbian Tianchi ...................................................................................................................... 239
Yongbyon Nuclear Facilities .................................................................................................. 240
Yongampo Shipyard ............................................................................................................... 242
Yongpo Airfield ...................................................................................................................... 243
Youngjo-dong Missile Base .................................................................................................... 244
Yongjo-ri, Hagap .................................................................................................................... 245
Yongrim Missile Base............................................................................................................. 246
Yongsng Machinery Works .................................................................................................... 247
Yukdaeso-ri Shipyard ............................................................................................................. 248
Section Zulu ............................................................................................................................... 249
Zokwang Trading .................................................................................................................... 249
Annex “A”.................................................................................................................................. 250
Naval Bases ............................................................................................................................. 250
West Coast Fleet (Yellow Sea) ........................................................................................... 250
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
East Coast Fleet................................................................................................................... 251
Annex “B” .................................................................................................................................. 253
Air Force Bases ....................................................................................................................... 253
Annex “C”.................................................................................................................................. 255
Weapon Systems ..................................................................................................................... 255
Air-to-Air (AAM) ............................................................................................................... 255
Air-to-Surface (ASM) ......................................................................................................... 256
Surface-to-Surface (SS) ...................................................................................................... 257
Surface-to-Air (GUNS) ....................................................................................................... 258
Surface-to-Air (Missiles) .................................................................................................... 258
Main Battle Tank (MBT) .................................................................................................... 259
Armoured Vehicles (AV) .................................................................................................... 260
Artillery Pieces.................................................................................................................... 261
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
[ACRONYMS LIST
AO: Joint-Stock Company
AOOT: Open-Type Joint-Stock Company
AOZT: Closed-Type Joint-Stock Company
FGUP: Federal State Unitary Enterprise
GP: State Enterprise
GUP: State Unitary Enterprise
KB: Design Bureau
NII: Scientific-Research Institute
NPO: Science and Production Association
OAO: Open Joint-Stock Company
OKB: Experimental Design Bureau
OPK: Defense-Industrial Complex
PO: Production Association
RASU: Russian Agency for Control System
RAV: Russian Conventional Arms Agency
RKT: space-rocket equipment/technology
SP: Joint Venture
TNP: Consumer Goods
TsNII: Central Scientific Research Institute
VED: Foreign-Economic Affairs
VES: Foreign Economic Relations
ZAO: Closed Joint-Stock Company]
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 1
118 Factory
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 2 May 2007]
The 118 Factory in Pyongyang, Pyongyang-si, which was previously involved in an effort to
produce reverse-engineered versions of the Luna-2 and Luna-M, would appear to be a likely
candidate for work on the KN-02.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
125 Factory
P’yongyang
(25 km North of P’yongyang)
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
During 1981 – 82 the DPRK began to assemble the industrial infrastructure required to support
an indigenous ballistic missiles programme.
This programme involved construction or conversion of:
(a) The 125 Factory (P’yongyang)
(b) A military Research and Development Facility at Sanum-don
(c) The Musudan-ri Launch Facility
(d) A variety of other related facilities
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 2
2.8 Vinylon Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
The petrochemical industry was initiated in the late 1970s and now possesses an annual oil
refinery capacity of only 3.5 million tons.
Only 4 kinds of petrochemical products like acrylics are manufactured at the moment:
(a) 2.8 Vinylon Factory produces 60,000 tons
(b) Soonchun Vinylon Factory produces 50,000 tons
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
297 Factory
Pyongwon
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
North Korea has at least eight industrial facilities that can produce chemical agents, however, the
production rate and types of munitions are uncertain.
Presumably one or more of the agents:
(a) Sarin
(b) Tabun
(c) Phosgene
(d) Adamsite
(e) Prussic acid
(f) Mustard gas family
The bases of the North Korean chemical weapons are produced at the Namhung Youth Chemical
Complex and/or Factory Number 297 in Pyongwon, probably a blood agent.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
2nd Machine Industry Bureau
Also known as:
Second Machine Industry Bureau
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
All TEL developments, along with other launch vehicle-related work, were apparently
undertaken with the support of the Sungni General Automotive Factory and Second Machine
Industry Bureau.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 3
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 4
Fourth Machine Industry Bureau
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
The reverse-engineered version of the R-17E was assigned the name Hwasong-5. The primary
organisations involved in this project – as well as all missile development within the DPRK
were:
(a) Guided Missile Division of the Academy of Defence Sciences
(b) Fourth Machine Industry Bureau
Both of these organisations were subordinate to the Second Economic Committee.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 5
516 Construction Company
Gaeseong
North Korea
Last updated 13 November 2008]
Namkwang Engineering & Construction, a South Korean company which has recently been
stepping up efforts for inter-Korean economic projects, plans to form a joint venture with a North
Korean firm for construction works in the North and other countries.
Namkwang E&C CEO Lee Dong-chul told reporters Tuesday that his company, along with 516
Construction Company in the North, will seek to win construction orders in foreign countries
including Angola as well as North Korean cities such as Gaeseong and Pyongyang.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 6
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 7
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 8
8th February Synthetic Fiber Integrated Plant
Also known as:
Eight February Fibre Integrated Plant
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
The Eight Plant is a large-scale complex that produces chemical fibres and has an annual
capacity of 50,000 tons.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section 9
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Alfa
Academy of Defence Sciences
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
Associated with:
(a) Musudan-ni launch facility
(b) Missile Training Guidance Bureau
11 Aug. 06
The reverse-engineered version of the R-17E was assigned the name Hwasong-5. The primary
organisations involved in this project – as well as all missile development within the DPRK
were:
(c) Guided Missile Division of the Academy of Defence Sciences
(d) Fourth Machine Industry Bureau
Both of these organisations were subordinate to the Second Economic Committee.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Academy of National Defence
North Korea
[Last updated 27 March 2007]
Unconfirmed statements from defectors tell of research under the auspices of the DPRKs
Academy of National Defence on just about every lethal causative biological weapons agent
known to man:
(a) Anthrax
(b) Botulism
(c) Plague
(d) Yellow fever
(e) Typhoid
(f) Cholera
(g) Korean haemorrhagic fever
(h) Virus
(i) Tuberculosis
(j) Typhus Smallpox
Stockpiles of anthrax, cholera and plague are reported to exist.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Air Korya
Sunan District Pyongyang
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
[Last updated 6 March 2006]
Telephone: 00850-2-32-143
www.korea-dpr.com/airkoryo.htm
North Korea’s Pyongyang-based national airline offers scheduled services to Beijing, Shenyang
and Vladivostok, and charter flights to destinations such as Moscow and Tokyo.
The company, established in 1954, is fully government-owned and operates a fleet of about 20
Soviet-built jet and turboprop aircraft.
The fleet includes:
(a) An-24B
(b) An-24RV
(c) Il-18D
(d) Il-18V
(e) Il-62M
(f) Il-76MD
(g) Tu-134B
(h) Tu-154B
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
An River Army Barracks
North Korea
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
North Korea has tested a cruise missile (AG-1) from the Army barracks. This test was picked up
by US intelligence satellites and Cobra Ball aircraft.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
An-gol Army Barracks
South of Ch’ongjin
East Coast
North Korea
[Last updated 7 June 2007]
On 23 May 07, a test was conducted of the AG-1 at the Army Barracks.
The test was conducted from a self-propelled transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) and is believed
to have been an indication that the missile was operational.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Anju Chemical Plant
Also known as:
Namhung Youth Chemical Complex
Anju
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
North Korea has at least eight industrial facilities that can produce chemical agents, however, the
production rate and types of munitions are uncertain.
Presumably one or more of the agents:
(g) Sarin
(h) Tabun
(i) Phosgene
(j) Adamsite
(k) Prussic acid
(l) Mustard gas family
The bases of the North Korean chemical weapons are produced at the Namhung Youth Chemical
Complex and/or Factory Number 297 in Pyongwon, probably a blood agent.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Anju District Coal Mine
Anju
North Korea
[Last updated 19 June 2006]
The Anju District coal-mining complex is the leading coal producer. A large-scale open-pit mine
was being developed in the Anju District in 1990
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Anju Jaeji Paper Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The paper manufacturing industry comprises over 10 factories like:
(a) Anju Jaeji Paper Factory
(b) Gilju Pulp
(c) Howryung Paper Factory
The factories were established in the 1950s and 60s. But due to shortage of timber, reed and
corn, straw is used to make low grade paper.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Aoji Chemical Plant
Aoji
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
April 25th Vinalon Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Vinalon continues to be produced (2006) at the:
(a) April 25 Vinalon Factory
(b) February 8th Vinalon Factory
(c) Snch’on Vinalon Complex
All of these organisations are suspected of producing mustard, as well as blood agents (e.g.,
cyanogen chloride), choking agents (phosgene), and riot-control agents (CN).
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
August Third people’s Consumer Good Production Movement
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Since the early 1960s, local industry has been the major supplier of consumer goods and
foodstuffs.
With the introduction of the ATPCGPM in effect since 1984, the government’s policy of
developing small- and medium-scale local industrial plants simultaneously with large-scale,
centrally controlled light industrial plants continues into the 1990s.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Bravo
Banco Delta Asia SARL
Macau
China
[Last updated 29 August 2006]
Last year (2005), the US Treasury department took action against a bank, Banco Delta Asia
SARL, in Macau, a special administrative district of China, for what it said were lax moneylaundering controls, alleging the bank helped North Korea distribute counterfeit currency and
engage in other illicit activities.
The department also has moved against other companies, claiming they were helping North
Korea spread weapons of mass destruction.
29 May 2009
The watershed in US attempts to shut down the financing of North Koreas WMD proliferation
took place in September 2005.
The US Treasury announced a propsed rule against Macau-based Banco Delta Asia (BDA).
Issued under Section 311 of the US Patriot Act, the proposal cited BDA as of primary money
laundering concern for its facilitation of North Koreas illicit activities over a period of more than
20 years.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Baekdu
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Recently, North Korean construction companies, such as:
a. Daedong River
b. Neungra
c. Baekdu
d. Goonpyo
These Companies have established their offices in many parts of Russia.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Bukchang Aluminium Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
North Korea set up smelters in the east and west to produce lead (production capacity: 90,000
tons), zinc (300,000 tons) and copper (90,000 tons).
Bukchang began operations in March 1985 under the technical support of the Soviet Union, has
an annual production capacity of 20,000 tons.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Bukjung Machine Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The following organisations produce construction machines like excavators, bulldozers (300 hp)
and cranes (100 tons):
(a) Nakwon Machine Factory
(b) Bukjung Machine Factory
(c) Pyongyang Construction Machine Factory
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Charlie
Chamjin Ammunition/Missile Factory
Chamjin-ri
Namp’o-si
Southwest of P’yongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 5 July 2006]
Associated with the Taepodong-2
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chagang Missile Bases
Chagang Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
A defector from 1994 stated that the Missile bases in Chagang Province are targeted at the PRC.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Changgwang Credit Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
One of a series of North Korean Industries that has US sanctions placed against it.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Changgwang Sinyong Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
One of a series of North Korean Industries that has US sanctions placed against it.
The sanctions on the North Korean entity, Changgwang Sinyong Corporation, were imposed
pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act and the Export Administration Act on the basis of
knowing involvement in the transfer of Category I (under the Missile Technology Control
Regime) missiles or components.
Changgwang Sinyong Corp was also involved in the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) nuclear
debacle from Pakistan.
13 November 2008
North Korea’s main export item remains ballistic-missile technology.
There are especially two North Korean companies that have attracted the attention of Western
diplomats:
a. Changgwang Sinyong Corporation
b. Lyongaksan General Trading Company
In the 1990s, the U.S. government for exporting ballistic-missile technology to Pakistan
sanctioned Changgwang.
In July this year, Washington once again sanctioned Changgwang, this time for providing Iran
with the same technology.
According to Western diplomats, Lyongaksan, which like Changgwang is controlled by the
North Korean military, sends people under commercial cover to countries such as Syria and
Libya, where they in reality sell weapons systems.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chaho Naval Shipyard
Chaho
North Korea
[Last updated 19 November 2008]
040.12.30.15N
128.38.42.21E
A moderate sized Naval Shipyard that is home for the surface fleet and submarines.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chemical Industry Research Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
Very little is known of this Institute.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chiha-ri Staff Headquarters Area
Chiha-ri Area
(Approximately 85 km southeast of P’yongyang and 50 km north of the DMZ)
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
The Hwasong missile regiments are under the direct control of the General Staff Department.
The regiment is believed to be headquartered in the Chiha-ri area; individual missile battalions
are deployed nearby in separate bases.
The regiment’s technical support battalion is also reported to be at Chiha-ri.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ch’ngjin Chemical Plant
Ch’ngjin
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
18 Dec. 06
The government has called for accelerating the expansion projects at both the Siniju and
Ch’ngjin chemical fibre complexes, Vinylon textile (100,000 tons) made from Anthracite coal +
limestone, and viscous textile made from timber and reed occupy an 88% share of total
production capacity.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ch’ngnyn Integrated Chemical Works
Anju District
North P’yongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Ch’ngnyn is a French-built petrochemical complex designed to produce:
(a) Ethylene
(b) Polyethylene
(c) Acrylonitrite
(d) Urea.
The nearby refinery at Unggi supplies the necessary crude petroleum.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Extract from report: The quality of machinery generally is considered below international
standards, some of the largest machinery plants are:
(a) Yongsng Machinery Works
(b) Rakwn Machinery Works
(c) Taean Heavy Machinery Works
(d) Hich’n Machine Tool General Works
(e) Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chengchengang Thermo-Electric Plant
Chengchengang
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chog Zin
Chog Zin
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chongjin Chemical Enterprise
Chongjin
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
According to defector reports, this Chemical Enterprise has been shut down on several occasions
because of lack of fuel (coal) to keep it open.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Choson Bongwha Company
Choson
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
Choson Bongwha Company specializes in commission-based textile production.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chosun Computer Centre
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Though North Korea has tried to develop its own computer manufacturing technology since the
1960s, only the most rudimentary computers are produced due to shortage of technical
manpower and to the primitive semiconductor-related electronic industry.
Since the 1980s, research institutes like Science Research Institute have imported key
components like CPUs and Ics and succeeded in assembling 8-bit grade computers.
Currently the Pyongyang Computer Assembly Factory possesses an annual production capacity
of more than 30,000 units of computers.
The Pyongyang Programme Centre and Chosun Computer Centre develop or utilise more than
30 kinds of software such as:
(a) Korean Front End Processor for Windows 95
(b) Chosun word processing programme Tangun
(c) Korean Word processor Changdock
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chosun International Development Trust Company
Chosun
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
North Korea’s Chosun International Development Trust Company, founded less than four years
ago, is quickly emerging as the centre for all of North Korea’s overseas business transactions.
This was made public in an article published in the September 18 edition of the Chosun Sinbo,
the newspaper of the Jochongryeon, an organization representing the North Korean diaspora in
Japan.
The main imports of the trust are:
a. Soybean oil and other foodstuffs
b. Fertilizer
c. Farm-use products such as vinyl sheeting, which are high on the list of consumer
demands within North Korea
The trust has set up an exchange market in the Botong River area of Pyongyang, and is
responsible for providing production materials to the North’s businesses and farming towns.
The trust seeks capital, particularly Chinese capital in Beijing and Jilin, and invests this foreign
capital in the building and operating of a leaf tobacco processing plant, a hygienic products
production plant, food processing facilities, automobile repair facilities, and other joint venture
and cooperative venture projects.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ch’onma-san
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
A potential site for Uranium enrichment, other sites include:
(a) Taechon
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Ch’onma-san
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Choson Sinbo
Japan
[Last updated 29 August 2006]
A newspaper considered the Communist regimes mouth piece said on Saturday that North Korea
would not rule out a nuclear test if what it labelled a hostile U.S. policy continues, amid growing
concerns that it was preparing such a move.
"We can't say for sure that North Korea will not conduct a nuclear test as part of strengthening its
self defence," said Choson Sinbo, a newspaper published in Japan by a pro-North Korean
association linked to the Pyongyang regime, said.
"The full responsibility for this lies with the U.S., which regards any forces that don't agree with
or submit to its logic or actions as evil," the paper said, accusing Washington of trying to topple
the North's communist regime.
"It is self-evident that we have to take strong countermeasures to protect our country from that
threat," the paper added.
Pyongyang says it has nuclear weapons, but hasn't conducted any known test to prove its claims.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chullima Steel Mill
Also known as:
Chollima Steel Kombinat
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Head Manager: Kim Hyng Nam (Dec 06 - )
Main steel producers like Kimch’aek, Hwanghae steel factory, Chullima steel mill, and Sunjin
steel manufacturing plant were all constructed during the colonial era.
They were reconstructed and expanded with technical support from former Soviet Russia and
China.
The Kimch’aek Integrated Iran and Steel Works has surpassed the Hwanghae Iron Works to
become the largest steel and iron centre.
13 Nov. 08
Kim Hyung Nam, head manager of Chollima Steel Kombinat.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chunbi District Coal Mine
North Korea
[Last updated 19 June 2006]
Coal deposits amounting to 10 million tons also exist in Chunbi, T'- gol, and Kangdong in
Kangdong District
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chungjin Machine Tool Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The machine tool sector has been developed intensely according to the policy of parallel
development of the economy and national defence. The following factories:
(a) Heechun
(b) Gusung
(c) Chungjin
(d) Mankyungdae
Machine tool factories possess an annual production capacity of 3.5 mil. Units.
Since the 1960s ordinary machine tool imitation production has been carried out under the
support of former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Therefore, most ordinary machine tools are
produced domestically.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chungjin Bus Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Automobile design and production is virtually all imitation.
The following organisations are known:
(a) Seungri Automobile Factory
(b) Pyongyang Railless Tram Car Factory
(c) Chungjin Bus Factory
The organisations possess a total annual production capacity of over 30,000 units of freight cars,
passenger cars, busses, etc.
Unable to develop new products, however, they are restricted to imitation of old Soviet and EastEuropean automobiles.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chungjin Railway Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Various types of railroad cars are produced at:
(a) Kim Jong Tae Locomotives Factory
(b) Wonsan Railway Cars Factory
(c) Chungjin Railway Factory
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chungjin Shipyard
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
There are over 10 shipyards in North Korea all are based in:
(a) Nampo
(b) Wonsan
(c) Chungjin
Because they lack proper docking facilities, they presently can build only less than 20,000 DWTlevel vessels.
Because designing methods is inadequate, ships are built on the basic model of 14,000 and
20,000 DWT grade cargo vessels and 3,750 DWT fishing vessels.
Few ships are exported.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Chungganjin Launch Site
Huchang Country
Jagang Province
North Korea
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
A site at Chungganjin in Huchang Country, Jagang Province, completed in 1995-can target US
troops on Okinawa.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Delta
Daedong River Construction Company
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Recently, North Korean construction companies, such as:
e. Daedong River
f. Neungra
g. Baekdu
h. Goonpyo
These Companies have established their offices in many parts of Russia.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Daedong River Instant Noodle Factory
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Pyongyang Wheat Flour Factory is located in Samheong-dong of Mankyungdae District, in
Pyongyang, and mainly produces wheat flour, cookie, noodle, and yeast.
North Korea built its first noodle factory, Daedong River Instant Noodle Factory, with foreign
capital in August 2000 along the Daedong River in Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Daepung Investment Group
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
Vice President: Bae Kyeong Hwan (Nov 08 -)
North Korea’s Daepung Investment Group will set up a $10 billion fund with China
Development Bank to help Chinese firms operating in North Korea, Yonhap News reported,
citing the company’s vice president.
The fund will be used to help Chinese companies build roads, railways and ports in North Korea;
Daepung Vice President Bae Kyeong Hwan was quoted as saying. Bae didn’t say how much
each country will contribute the fund.
Daepung also plans to set up a bank to attract investment from overseas, the report said.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Danchon Tailings Project
South Hamgyong Province
600 km Northeast of Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 22 September 2008]
A North Korean gold mine that boasts:
(a) Guesthouse, lodging and welfare facilities for local staff
(b) A 66KV p[ower substation at 2,500 KVA
(c) Pumping station and draining station (350m3)
(d) Results of assaying and metallurgical testing on the tailings
(e) Results of drilling (basics for calculating ore quantity)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Dia-Star Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 22 September 2008]
E-mail: korea@korea-dpr.com
www.korea-dpr.com/business
Production of engine generators, gasoline engines, engine pumps
Associated with the production of:
(a) KP-50H
(b) KP-50HE
(c) KP-80L
(d) KH-18
(e) KH-18D/G
(f) KH-21
(g) KH-21D/G
(h) Cubic Tester Z1-453
(i) Noise Tester ZKM2
(j) Vibration Tester 7102A
(k) CO-HC Analyser ZFE-1
(l) Dynamometer 450P21
Also associated with the research and development into small power sources
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Doksong Long-Range Missile Base
South Hamgyong Province
Doksong County
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
North Korea’s Military Construction Bureau is building a long-range surface-to-surface missile
base in Doksong County in South Hamgyong Province according to a defector from the country.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Dongkong Foreign Trade Corporation
Dandong
China
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Dongkong Foreign Trade Corporation in the Chinese city of Dandong, just across the border
from North Korea, acquired in September the exclusive right to sell North Korean medicines in
the international market–including a brand called Cheongchun No. 1, which is a home-made
North Korean version of Viagra.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Dongchang-ni Missile Launch Base
Also known as:
Dongchang-ri
Dongchang-ni
North Korea
[Last updated 2 June 2009]
A new North Korean missile launch site under construction is designed to fire rockets even more
advanced than those already capable of reaching the western U.S., South Korea said Tuesday 4
Nov 08.
South Korean Defense Minister Lee Sang-hee told parliament that construction on the new site
on North Korea's west coast began eight years ago and is about 80 percent complete.
The site in the village of Dongchang-ni appears to be designed to launch "a bigger-sized missile
or satellite projectile" than rockets deployed from the North's east coast facility.
2 June 2009
The North has moved a long-range missile to a new base in Dongchang-ri along its northwestern
coast and a launch could take place in one or two weeks, South Korea's Yonhap news agency
quoted an unnamed intelligence official as saying.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
The North has another site on the east coast at Musudan-ri, from where it fired a Taepodong-2
rocket over Japan in April. It said the launch was to put a satellite in orbit but other nations saw it
as a disguised missile test.
Along with new facilities, Dongchang-ri has a geographical advantage. It's close to Pyongyang
as well as (the nuclear facilities at) Yongbyon.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Echo
Electronics Engineering Research Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The electronics industry in North Korea is rudimentary at best compared with other nations.
Development efforts began in the 1980s.
Now Pyongyang Integrated Circuit Factory and Electronics Engineering Research Institute
produce basic semiconductor elements and small-scale IC chips.
Electric home appliances like TVs and radios incorporate imported components, but goods
requiring advanced technology cannot be produced.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Foxtrot
Factory 39
Oryong-nodongjagu
Kujang
North Pyongan province
100 km Northeast of Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 5 May 2010]
This facility produces RPG grenades known as No. 7 launch tubes or 7-ho palsagwan, these are
derivatives of the RPG-7.
The launch tubes are manufactured at the Tongnimobong Precision Machine Plant in Obong-ri.
Cost of these rounds is $US 1,000
The complex employs about 7,000 workers and is managed by the Second Economic Committee.
The Factory 39 complex has 18 underground workshops that are accessed through four tunnel
entrances.
The workshops are equipped with imported machine tools and other equipment from countries
such as the former Soviet Union, China and the Czech Republic.
The complex produces:
a. Missiles
b. Missile components
c. 220 mm artillery shells
d. 120 mm artillery shells
e. Gravity bombs for aircraft
The compound includes numerous support facilities and administrative buildings, including
facilities for security, research and development, testing and quality control.

The Factory 39 manager is a member of the Supreme Peoples' Assembly, the national unicameral
legislature, and holds the equivalent rank of colonel, which is the rank he would assume upon
national mobilisation or war.
While the manager is a technician dealing with the administrative issues related to operating the
production line, a KWP secretary is in charge of political affairs and issues related to the daily
lives of the workers.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
While a division of labour exists in the operation of the complex, ultimately the party secretary
has more authority. 
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
February 8th Vinalon Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Vinalon continues to be produced (2006) at the:
(a) April 25 Vinalon Factory
(b) February 8th Vinalon Factory
(c) Snch’on Vinalon Complex
All of these organisations are suspected of producing mustard, as well as blood agents (e.g.,
cyanogen chloride), choking agents (phosgene), and riot-control agents (CN).
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Foreign Trade Bank of Korea
North Korea
[Last updated 20 December 2006]
President of Bank: O Kwang Chol
Beijing, US and North Korean financial experts met Tuesday 19 December 06 over
Washington's campaign to isolate the communist country from the international banking system,
the key stumbling block in negotiations over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
Representing the U.S. at the financial talks was Daniel Glaser, the Treasury Department's deputy
assistant secretary for terrorist financing and financial crimes. O Kwang Chol, president of the
North’s Foreign Trade Bank of Korea, led the North Korean delegation. The talks were held at
the U.S. Embassy, an embassy official said on condition of anonymity because of policy.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Golf
Gilju Nuclear Test Site
Hamgyong Province
North East
North Korea
[Last updated 9 September 2006]
North Korea says it has carried out its first test of a nuclear weapon, the state news agency
(KCNA) has reported.
It said the underground test, carried out in defiance of international warnings, was a success and
had not resulted in any leak of radiation.
The White House said South Korean and US intelligence had detected a seismic event at a
suspected test site.
The White House said, if confirmed, the test would be a "provocative act", while China
denounced it as "brazen".
In its strongest statement ever against its ally, China expressed its "resolute opposition" to the
claimed test and said it "defied the universal opposition of international society".
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said the test was "unpardonable".
South Korea said it would "sternly respond".
President Roh Moo-hyun has called an emergency meeting of South Korea's National Security
Council and put the armed forces on a heightened state of alert.
Seoul also suspended a scheduled aid shipment to North Korea, the state news agency reported.
US White House spokesman Tony Snow said: "We expect the UN Security Council to take
immediate actions to respond to this unprovoked act."
'Historic event'
The US Geological Survey said it had detected a 4.2 magnitude quake in North Korea, while a
South Korean official said a 3.5 magnitude seismic tremor had been detected in north Hamgyong
province, in the northeast.
South Korea's Yonhap news agency is reporting that the test took place in Gilju in Hamgyong
province at 1036 (0136 GMT).
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
A top Russian military officer said it was "100%" certain that an underground nuclear explosion
had taken place.
When it announced the test, KCNA described it as an "historic event that brought happiness to
our military and people".
"The nuclear test will contribute to maintaining peace and stability in the Korean peninsula and
surrounding region," KCNA said.
The region has been on high alert since North Korea announced last week that it would conduct a
nuclear test.
Shinzo Abe is in Seoul for a meeting with Mr Roh, a day after talks in Beijing.
Mr Abe said Japan wanted to co-ordinate its response with the South Koreans, and was also in
contact with the US and China.
In Tokyo, ministers were called to an urgent meeting, and the government set up a special task
force.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Gilju Pulp
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The paper manufacturing industry comprises over 10 factories like:
a. Anju Jaeji Paper Factory
b. Gilju Pulp
c. Howryung Paper Factory
The factories were established in the 1950s and 60s. But due to shortage of timber, reed and
corn, straw is used to make low grade paper.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Goonpyo
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Recently, North Korean construction companies, such as:
a. Daedong River
b. Neungra
c. Baekdu
d. Goonpyo
These Companies have established their offices in many parts of Russia.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Gusung Machine Tool Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The machine tool sector has been developed intensely according to the policy of parallel
development of the economy and national defence. The following factories:
a. Heechun
b. Gusung
c. Chungjin
d. Mankyungdae
Machine tool factories possess an annual production capacity of 3.5 mil. Units.
Since the 1960s ordinary machine tool imitation production has been carried out under the
support of former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Therefore, most ordinary machine tools are
produced domestically.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Hotel
Hamgyong-bukto Launch Site
Northeast Province Hamgyong-bukto
North Korea
[Last updated 7 June 2007]
A short-range missile test occurred at 0900h on 25 May 07.
It is not known what type of missile was launched.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hamhung Chemical Plant
Hamhung
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hamhung Military Academy
Also known as:
Hamhung Defence Academy
Military Academy of Hamhung
North Korea
[Last updated 13 December 2006]
During 1965, Premier Kim Il-song, laid the basis of the DPRKs missile infrastructure by
establishing the Hamhung Military Academy to support development of modern weapons,
including missiles.
The Hamhung Academy was made directly subordinate to the MoD (now Ministry of People’s
Armed Forces).
In establishing the new organisation Kim stated:
(a) If war breaks out, the US and Japan will also be involved. In order to prevent their
involvement, we have to be able to produce rockets, which fly as far as Japan. Therefore
it is the mandate of the Military Academy to nurture those personnel, which are able to
develop mid- and long-range missiles.
(b) The First Department will study Missile Engines.
(c) Other departments study;
a. Missile
b. Physics
c. Chemical and Biological warfare
In 1968 the academy was moved to Kanggye where its became known as the Kanggye Military
Academy.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hamhung Research Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A Research Institute (RI) reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Heechun Machine Tool Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The machine tool sector has been developed intensely according to the policy of parallel
development of the economy and national defence. The following factories:
(e) Heechun
(f) Gusung
(g) Chungjin
(h) Mankyungdae
Machine tool factories possess an annual production capacity of 3.5 mil. Units.
Since the 1960s ordinary machine tool imitation production has been carried out under the
support of former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Therefore, most ordinary machine tools are
produced domestically.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
HELM
P’yongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
News Service: Kyodo News International, Inc.The Associated Press
The freeze dryer a Korean trader exported to North Korea four years ago (2002) might be used at
a Pyongyang clinic for top leader Kim Jong Il, Japanese police sources said Friday.
The trader -- Kim Young Gun, 58, former president of the Tokyo-based Meisho Yoko trading
house -- has told Japanese investigators that he had heard that the dryer would be used at the
Ponghwa clinic, the sources said.
The Ponghwa clinic is known to be reserved for only a limited number of VIPs -- high-ranking
members of the country's governing Workers Party of Korea.
The sources also said the freeze dryer might be used at the Ponghwa clinic, a facility suspected to
be the site of North Korea's researches on biological weapons.
Kim Young Gun, a Korean resident of Japan, was arrested Thursday for illegally exporting to
North Korea the freeze dryer that could be converted and used for producing biological weapons.
Freeze dryers, which quickly dry solid substances in a vacuum, are mainly used to produce
instant coffee granules or instant noodles. Exports of the machines are strictly controlled under
the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law as freeze dryers can be used to keep and
cultivate bacteria over long periods of time and can be converted to produce weapons of mass
destruction.
Meisho Yoko, based in Tokyo's Suginami Ward, exported the freeze dryer in September 2002 in
response to an order placed by a North Korean trading house on behalf of another trader called
HELM Pyongyang.
HELM Pyongyang has accepted staff from the Korea Rungra 888 trading house which is under
Kim Jong Il's direct control.
On Thursday, a team of investigators from Yamaguchi and Shimane prefectural police
departments arrested Kim on suspicion of violating the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade
Control Law for exporting the dryer via a Taiwan trading house without gaining permission from
the minister of economy, trade and industry.
Meisho Yoko is suspected of placing an order for the dryer with the Taiwan trading house, which
then bought it through a Tokyo-based scientific instrument maker's sales agent based in Taiwan
and passed it on to Meisho Yoko.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Heungnam Fertilizer Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Fertilizer in North Korea is produced by synthesizing ammonia by methods now considered
outdated at 14 factories like Heungnam.
Since most factories were built before the 60s, operation rates have been low due to aging
machinery, and a shortage of energy and raw materials like injunggwang and anthracite coal.
Fertilizer factories in North Korea mainly produce nitrogen and Phosphorous fertilizer.
They cannot produce potassium fertilizer and compound fertilizer, which has to be imported
from Russia and China.
Human waste and animal manure is used widely.
Alternative fertilizers like humus soil collected from coal mine ash and soot collected from
factories (burned ash fertilizer) are also widely employed.
Since 1995, microbe fertilizer production technology has been introduced.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hich’n Machine Tool General Works
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Extract from report: The quality of machinery generally is considered below international
standards, some of the largest machinery plants are:
(a) Yongsng Machinery Works
(b) Rakwn Machinery Works
(c) Taean Heavy Machinery Works
(d) Hich’n Machine Tool General Works
(e) Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hyoksin Trading Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 5 August 2009]
Hyoksin Trading is owned or controlled by another North Korean firm, Korea Ryonbong
General Corp., which the United States say is involved in the development of weapons of mass
destruction. Korea Ryonbong supports Pyongyang’s sales of military-related items.
The Obama administration on 30 July 09 imposed financial sanctions on a North Korean firm
accused of involvement in the country's missile programs.
The Treasury Department's action covers Korea Hyoksin Trading Corp. It means any bank
accounts or other financial assets found in the United States that belong to the company must be
frozen. Americans also are prohibited from doing business with the firm.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Howryung Paper Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The paper manufacturing industry comprises over 10 factories like:
(a) Anju Jaeji Paper Factory
(b) Gilju Pulp
(c) Howryung Paper Factory
The factories were established in the 1950s and 60s. But due to shortage of timber, reed and
corn, straw is used to make low grade paper.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hwadae-Gun Test Site
Also known as:
Hwadae-gun Missile Test Facility
North Hamgyong Province
North Korea
(North east of NK)
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
Used by self-propelled No Dong 1 missiles for launch testing
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hwadae Missile Base
North Hamgyong Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
A defector in 1994 reported that the missile site at Myongch’on and Hwadae in North Hamgyong
Province have Okinawa and Guam within their engagement range.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Hwanghae Steel Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Main steel producers like Kimch’aek, Hwanghae steel factory, Chullima steel mill, and Sunjin
steel manufacturing plant were all constructed during the colonial era.
They were reconstructed and expanded with technical support from former Soviet Russia and
China.
The Kimch’aek Integrated Iran and Steel Works has surpassed the Hwanghae Iron Works to
become the largest steel and iron centre.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section India
Iwon Airfield
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
040.21.40.69N
128.43.10.30E
This is a 2,500 m airstrip with taxiway that runs from East to West.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Juliet
Jeungsan Short-Range Missile Test Site
Jeungsan County
40 km West of Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 13 June 2008]
A South Korean government source, said that three short-range missiles were fired on Friday 30th
May into the Yellow Sea off Jeungsan County, some 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of
Pyongyang.
This is the second test carried out by North Korea in the last two months, part of a training
exercise involving Russian-designed Styx ship-to-ship missiles with a range of 46 kilometres, the
report said.
"The missile launch, like the test-firing conducted on March 28, is part of normal military
training aimed at testing the performance of the missiles and improving operational readiness,"
the unnamed source was quoted as saying.
13 June 2008
North Korea test-fired three x Styx-type anti-ship missiles off its west coast on May 30.
They were launched into the Yellow Sea from Jeungsan, 40 kilometers west of Pyongyang.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Kilo
Kaesong Industrial Complex
Kaesong
North Korea
[Last updated 17 October 2007]
The Kaesong Industrial Complex employs 10,000 North Koreans.
This complex has seen investment from South Korea encouraging a more liberal economic
reform but still retaining political control.
17 Oct. 07
South Korea sees Kaaesong, which employs more than 13,000 North Koreans in 26 South
Korean factories, as a flagship project to reform the North’s moribund economy and ease the
massive costs of any eventual reunification.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kangdong District Coal Mine
Kangdong District
North Korea
[Last updated 19 June 2006]
Coal deposits amounting to 10 million tons also exist in Chunbi, T'- gol, and Kangdong in
Kangdong District
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kanggye Military Academy
Also known as:
National Defence College
Kanggye Defence College
Kanggye Defence Academy
Kanggye Military Academy
Kanggye
North Korea
[Last updated 13 December 2006]
During 1965, Premier Kim Il-song, laid the basis of the DPRKs missile infrastructure by
establishing the Hamhung Military Academy to support development of modern weapons,
including missiles.
The Hamhung Academy was made directly subordinate to the MoD (now Ministry of People’s
Armed Forces).
In establishing the new organisation Kim stated:
(d) If war breaks out, the US and Japan will also be involved. In order to prevent their
involvement, we have to be able to produce rockets, which fly as far as Japan. Therefore
it is the mandate of the Military Academy to nurture those personnel, which are able to
develop mid- and long-range missiles.
(e) The First Department will study Missile Engines.
(f) Other departments study;
a. Missile
b. Physics
c. Chemical and Biological warfare
In 1968 the academy was moved to Kanggye where its became known as the Kanggye Military
Academy.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kanggye Research Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A Research Institute (RI) reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kangwon-do KPA Base
Kangwon-do Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
A Hwasong 5 was launched from an indigenously produced TEL at a forward KPA base in
Kangwon-do Province (which encompasses the I and V Corps deployed along the DMZ).
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kilchu Highway Air Strip
Kilchu
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
The airstrip is roughly 1,700 m in length, and appears to be based on an old roadway.
There are no taxiways and no supporting infrastructure.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kimch’aek Integrated Iran and Steel Works
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Main steel producers like Kimch’aek, Hwanghae steel factory, Chullima steel mill, and Sunjin
steel manufacturing plant were all constructed during the colonial era.
They were reconstructed and expanded with technical support from former Soviet Russia and
China.
The Kimch’aek Integrated Iran and Steel Works has surpassed the Hwanghae Iron Works to
become the largest steel and iron centre.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kim Il-sung University
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Yi Pong-won graduated from this university before serving as Chief Secretary of the Kaesong
Party Committee.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kim Jong Tae Locomotives Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Various types of railroad cars are produced at:
(d) Kim Jong Tae Locomotives Factory
(e) Wonsan Railway Cars Factory
(f) Chungjin Railway Factory
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Korea Foreign Commodity Inspection Committee
Central District
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Telephone: 381-6252
Telegraph Code: KFCIC PYONGYANG
Telex: 5972 TECH KP
This committee inspects and appraises exporting and importing cargos as an official inspection
institution for those.
The committee belongs to Foreign Economic Committee of the Cabinet.
The committee operates branch committees in major ports such as:
(a) Nampo
(b) Haeju
(c) Hungnam
(d) Wonsan
(e) Chongjin
(f) Rajin
(g) Songlim
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Korea International Exhibition Corporation
Jungsong-dong
Central District
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Telephone: 850-2-381-6054
Fax: 850-2-381-4440
Telegraph Code: ZENRAM PYONGYANG
Telex: 5952 ZR KP
Business related to hosting of North Korean Exhibition and exhibiting in a foreign country
Business related to participating in international sample exhibition hosted in a foreign country
and exhibiting
Receiving and accepting of the hosting of a foreign exhibition in North Korea and its related
business
Overseas PR and advertisement
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Korea Pugang Trading Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
One of a series of North Korean Industries that has US sanctions placed against it.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Korean Mining and Industrial Development Corporation
Also known as:
Korea Mining Development Trading Corp
North Korea
[Last updated 29 May 2009]
A North Korean company that has sanctions placed against it in August 2006.
26 Jan. 07
One of 24 Companies sanctioned by the US
25 April 09
A Security Council committee on Friday placed three North Korean companies on a U.N.
blacklist for aiding Pyongyang's missile and nuclear programs, eliciting a sharp rebuke from a
North Korean envoy.
The three companies put on the list are:
a. Korea Mining Development Trading Corp.
b. Korea Ryongbong General Corp.
c. Tranchon Commercial Bank
The decision said the three companies were linked to the military and active in procuring
equipment and financing for North Korea's ballistic missile and other weapons programs.
29 May 2009
On April 24, the UN sanctions committee banned transactions with, and called on member-states
to freeze the assets of, three North Korean businesses. Korea Mining Development Trading
Corp., Korea Ryonbong General Corp., and Tanchon Commercial Bank were targeted.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Korean People’s Army Number 7 Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 5 July 2006]
Associated with the Taepodong-2
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Koryo Global Credit Bank
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
This bank opened in Pyongyang in June 2006.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kumchang-ri
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Satellite images have shown a SECRET nuclear site called Kumchang-ri, near North Korea’s
border with China.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kumchon-ri
Kangwon Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Additional facilities are under construction near the DMZ at Satgatmol in Hwanghae province
and Kumchon-ri in Kangwon province.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kusong Military Daily Necessities Factory
Kusong
North Pyongan province
115 km North, Northwest of Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 5 May 2010]
Production of missiles marked K-100 man-portable SAMs, these are the same missiles found on
an Il-76 in Thailand and referred to as Igla.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kuum Ni Airfield
North Korea
[Last updated 11 February 2009]
038.51.57.62N
127.54.27.46E
This airfield boasts a 2,500 m airstrip with long taxiway to the East of the main runway
The airstrip runs from the South West to the North East
To the East of the taxiway is a heavily defended air-defence area with missiles and guns
No aircraft observed at time of last visit
No civilian habitation nearby only military
11 Feb. 09
No signs of any aircraft or helicopters at the site.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Kuktong Airfield
Namsong Dong (nearest town)
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
This airfield has a 1,200 m long grass runway going from East to West.
When last observed at least 40 aircraft of varying types were parked alongside support buildings.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Lima
Leybold AG
West Germany (now Germany)
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
In 1987, North Korea reportedly received a small annealing furnace from the West German
Company Leybold AG.
Although they have many other uses, annealing furnaces can be used in production of centrifuge
rotors for uranium enrichment. A five-year-long German intelligence investigation conducted
from 1985 to 1990 concluded that Iraq, and possibly Iran and North Korea obtained uranium
melting information from Pakistan in the late 1980s.
U.S. intelligence sources also believed that technicians employed by Leybold AG were involved
in transferring equipment and information to North Korea. One or two such technicians were in
North Korea in 1989 and another Leybold employee reportedly was seen there in 1990.
Subsidiaries of Leybold AG were also involved in exporting centrifuge-related welding
equipment to Iraq in the late 1980s.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Lyongaksan Machineries and Equipment Export Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
One of a series of North Korean Industries that has US sanctions placed against it.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Lyongaksan General Trading Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
One of a series of North Korean Industries that has US sanctions placed against it.
13 November 2008
North Korea’s main export item remains ballistic-missile technology.
There are especially two North Korean companies that have attracted the attention of Western
diplomats:
a. Changgwang Sinyong Corporation
b. Lyongaksan General Trading Company
In the 1990s, the U.S. government for exporting ballistic-missile technology to Pakistan
sanctioned Changgwang.
In July this year, Washington once again sanctioned Changgwang, this time for providing Iran
with the same technology.
According to Western diplomats, Lyongaksan, which like Changgwang is controlled by the
North Korean military, sends people under commercial cover to countries such as Syria and
Libya, where they in reality sell weapons systems.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Mike
Mankyungdae Machine Tool Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The machine tool sector has been developed intensely according to the policy of parallel
development of the economy and national defence. The following factories:
(a) Heechun
(b) Gusung
(c) Chungjin
(d) Mankyungdae
Machine tool factories possess an annual production capacity of 3.5 mil. Units.
Since the 1960s ordinary machine tool imitation production has been carried out under the
support of former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Therefore, most ordinary machine tools are
produced domestically.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Manp’o Chemical Plant
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mant’apsan Mountain
Northwest of Kilchu
North Korea
[Last updated 12 October 2006]
South Korean National Intelligence has reported tunnelling and construction activities within this
area. A horizontal tunnel approximately 700 m in length is under construction and could possibly
be related to a nuclear test programme.
Other suggestions are that it could also be an underground missile base.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mangyongdae Revolutionary Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Little is known about the Institute except that most political and military leaders appear to have
studied there, either before going to further education at Russian Institutes or after returning to
North Korea after studying in Russia.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mayang-do Shipyard
Also known as:
Mayang-do Naval Base
Yuktae-dong
North Korea
[Last updated 19 November 2008]
040.01.38.96N
128.09.56.39E
Producers of the Romeo (Type 033) class submarine
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Meisho Yoko Trading House
Suginami Ward
Tokyo
Japan
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
News Service: Kyodo News International, Inc.The Associated Press
The freeze dryer a Korean trader exported to North Korea four years ago (2002) might be used at
a Pyongyang clinic for top leader Kim Jong Il, Japanese police sources said Friday.
The trader -- Kim Young Gun, 58, former president of the Tokyo-based Meisho Yoko trading
house -- has told Japanese investigators that he had heard that the dryer would be used at the
Ponghwa clinic, the sources said.
The Ponghwa clinic is known to be reserved for only a limited number of VIPs -- high-ranking
members of the country's governing Workers Party of Korea.
The sources also said the freeze dryer might be used at the Ponghwa clinic, a facility suspected to
be the site of North Korea's researches on biological weapons.
Kim Young Gun, a Korean resident of Japan, was arrested Thursday for illegally exporting to
North Korea the freeze dryer that could be converted and used for producing biological weapons.
Freeze dryers, which quickly dry solid substances in a vacuum, are mainly used to produce
instant coffee granules or instant noodles. Exports of the machines are strictly controlled under
the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law as freeze dryers can be used to keep and
cultivate bacteria over long periods of time and can be converted to produce weapons of mass
destruction.
Meisho Yoko, based in Tokyo's Suginami Ward, exported the freeze dryer in September 2002 in
response to an order placed by a North Korean trading house on behalf of another trader called
HELM Pyongyang.
HELM Pyongyang has accepted staff from the Korea Rungra 888 trading house which is under
Kim Jong Il's direct control.
On Thursday, a team of investigators from Yamaguchi and Shimane prefectural police
departments arrested Kim on suspicion of violating the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade
Control Law for exporting the dryer via a Taiwan trading house without gaining permission from
the minister of economy, trade and industry.
Meisho Yoko is suspected of placing an order for the dryer with the Taiwan trading house, which
then bought it through a Tokyo-based scientific instrument maker's sales agent based in Taiwan
and passed it on to Meisho Yoko.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mining Development Trading Corporation
Also known as:
KOMID
North Korea
[Last updated 4 August 2009]
KOMID is one of three North Korean companies targeted under U.N. sanctions in April in
response to the North's rocket launch earlier that month. North Korea insisted it sent a satellite
into orbit, while the U.S. and its allies said it was actually a long-range missile test.
KOMID is an arms dealer and main exporter of goods and equipment related to ballistic missiles
and conventional weapons, according to the U.S. Treasury Department.
A Chinese investment company Zhongkuang International Investment, has abruptly suspended a
joint project with a North Korean firm KOMID after signing a contract in 2006 to develop a
bronze mine in the North and commissioned NHI Shenyang Mining Machinery, another Chinese
company to build facilities for the mine.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Missile Training Guidance Bureau
North Korea
[Last updated 5 July 2006]
The military organisation tasked with control over all ballistic missile units and operations.
Associated with:
(a) Musudan-ni launch facility
(b) Academy of Defence Sciences
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mt. Chun Ma
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
One defector, who was debriefed by Chinese officials in 1999 (he later returned to North Korea,
where, it is assumed, he was killed), claimed that North Korea was operating secret uranium
Processing site under Mt. Chun-Ma. Commercial satellite photographs of Hagap show a tunnel
entrances but little else.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mt. Kanggamchan Launch Site
South Pyogan Province
North Korea
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
A launch site for No Dong and Taepo Dong missiles
The navy has also completed a surface-to-ship missile base at the same location.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Mt. Mantap
North Hamkyong Province
North Korea
[Last updated 12 October 2006]
South Korea’s National Intelligence Service reports a new tunnel beneath Mount Mantap in
North Hamkyong province, several miles from Pung’gye.
All potential North Korean test sites apparently have railheads, so Kim Jon II who prefers to
travel by train, can visit them.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Musudan-ri.
Subordinate to:
Academy of Defence Sciences
Missile Test Range
Musudan-ri
Hwadae County (Hwadae-gun)
(30 km south east of Kilchu)
North Hamgyong Province (Hamgyong-bukto)
(North Hamkyong Province)
North Korea
40°51N 129°40E
40°51.342N 129°39.948E, Test Facility
40°51.138N 129°40.788E, Launch Complex
40°51.348N 129°39.552E, Missile Assembly/Checkout Building
40°51.78N 129°39.624E, Missile Control Building
[Last updated 26 February 2009]
On Sunday 18 June 2006, that North Korea had completed fuelling its Taepodong 2 missile seen as a critical step in the preparations for a test launch.
South Korean daily Chosun Ilbo recently reported that booster rockets had been loaded onto a
launch pad, and 10 fuel tanks moved to the site in the northeast of the country in preparation for
a launch.
North Korea last tested a long-range missile in 1998, when it fired a Taepodong-1 missile, with a
range of 2,000km, over northern Japan. The missile landed in the Pacific Ocean.
The Taepodong-2 is believed to have a range of up to 6,000km (3,700 miles), suggesting it has
the potential to hit Alaska.
4th July 2006
North Korea launched a Taepodong-2 missile that failed after approximately 40 seconds of
flight. At the same time the Musudan-ri test site also launched between 4 – 6 shorter-range
missiles one of which fell 600 km off the coast of Japan.
The 117th Engineer Regiment of the Ministry of Public Security (now the Ministry of People’s
Security) began construction of the facility during the early 1980s under the cover designation of
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
the Hwadae Agriculture Experimental Station (also known as Hwadae Agriculture Experimental
Yard).
The area chosen for the facility was and is isolated from the transportation network, having no
all-weather paved roads or rail connections. The closest air and port facilities are located near
Kilchu and Kimch’aek respectively.
Musudan-ni consists of:
(a) Command Post (Centre)
(b) Fuel storage facility
(c) Assembly maintenance building
(d) Launch control centre
(e) Launching pad with flame deflection panel
(f) Launch maintenance tower
(g) Engine test stand
(h) Range tracking and telemetry facilities
Strong similarities to the Chinese launch facility areas suggest that Musudan-ni is based on
Chinese designs.
During 1981 – 82 the DPRK began to assemble the industrial infrastructure required to support
an indigenous ballistic missiles programme.
This programme involved construction or conversion of:
(e) The 125 Factory (P’yongyang)
(f) A military Research and Development Facility at Sanum-don
(g) The Musudan-ri Launch Facility
(h) A variety of other related facilities
Associated with the following missiles:
(a) Taepo Dong 5
(b) Hwasong 5 (R-17E)
25 August 2006:
Musudan-ri is a rocket launching site in North Korea at 40°51N 129°40E.
It lies in southern North Hamgyong province, near the northern tip of the East Korea Bay.
The area was formerly known as Taep'o-dong, from which the Taepodong rockets take their
name.
Since 1984 military rockets of the types Hwasong, Nodong and Taepodong-1 were launched
from Musudan-ri. In 1998, North Korean media reported the successful launch of the
Kwangmyngsng satellite by a Taepodong rocket from Musudan-ri. North Korea claimed their
first satellite was successfully placed into orbit, but no independent sources have confirmed this.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
The facilities at Musudan-ri are modest, consisting of a launch pad at 40°51.342N 129°39.948E,
an engine test stand at 40°51.138N 129°40.788E, a missile assembly/checkout building at
40°51.348N 129°39.552E, and a missile control building at 40°51.78N 129°39.624E
(coordinates obtained from Google Earth in June, 2006).
2 October 2008
North Korea has been upgrading a missile launch site on its east coast in preparation for a test
launch of a new long-range missile.
Citing intelligence sources, activities at Musudan-ri on the coast of North Hamkyong province
are focused on upgrading the site with new equipment or building new facilities.
Intelligence authorities believe this indicates the North is preparing to test-fire a new long-range
ballistic missile, an advanced model of the Taepodong-2 that can theoretically hit the U.S. west
coast.
11 Feb. 09
"Vehicles carrying equipment needed for missile launch were moving toward the (east coast)
Musudan-ri base," Yonhap news agency quoted a South Korean government source as saying.
The source said that if the North continued at its current pace, it could launch a Taepodong-2 in a
month.
26 Feb. 09
North Korea has built an underground fuelling station at its long-range missile test site, making it
harder for US spy satellites to predict the date of a launch.
The underground facility at Musudan-ri on its northeast coast was completed sometime between
late 2008 and early this year.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Myongch’on Missile Base
North Hamgyong Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2 006]
A defector in 1994 reported that the missile site at Myongch’on and Hwadae in North Hamgyong
Province have Okinawa and Guam within their engagement range.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section November
Nakwon Machine Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The following organisations produce construction machines like excavators, bulldozers (300 hp)
and cranes (100 tons):
(d) Nakwon Machine Factory
(e) Bukjung Machine Factory
(f) Pyongyang Construction Machine Factory
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Namhung Youth Chemical Complex
Also known as
Anju Chemical Plant
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
North Korea has at least eight industrial facilities that can produce chemical agents, however, the
production rate and types of munitions are uncertain.
Presumably one or more of the agents:
(m) Sarin
(n) Tabun
(o) Phosgene
(p) Adamsite
(q) Prussic acid
(r) Mustard gas family
The bases of the North Korean chemical weapons are produced at the Namhung Youth Chemical
Complex and/or Factory Number 297 in Pyongwon, probably a blood agent.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Nanjin Shipyard
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
Builders of the following class of warships:
(a) Soho class (FFG)
(b) Najin class (FFG)
(c) Taechong II class (LPC – large patrol craft)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Nampo Shipyard
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Builders of the following class of warships:
(a) Najin class (FFG)
(b) Soju class (FAC)
18 December 06
There are over 10 shipyards in North Korea all are based in:
(d) Nampo
(e) Wonsan
(f) Chungjin
Because they lack proper docking facilities, they presently can build only less than 20,000 DWTlevel vessels.
Because designing methods is inadequate, ships are built on the basic model of 14,000 and
20,000 DWT grade cargo vessels and 3,750 DWT fishing vessels.
Few ships are exported.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
National Economic Cooperative Federation
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Chairman: Jung Woon-up
Vice chairman-Lee Chang-ho
Chief Secretary-Lee Ei-duk
This organisation was previously known as:
Organization of Foreign Economic Committee, Council of State Affairs of North Korea, but
changed its name in May 1998.
The Federation is composed of:
(a) Kwangmyongsung General Corp
(b) Samcholli General Corp
(c) Gaesun Trading Corp
(d) Mt. Kumgang International General Tourism Corp
(e) Koryo Commercial Bank
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Neungra
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Recently, North Korean construction companies, such as:
a. Daedong River
b. Neungra
c. Baekdu
d. Goonpyo
These Companies have established their offices in many parts of Russia.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Nyongwon Hydropower Station
Nyongwon
North Korea
[Last updated 29 May 2009]
The North Korean leader addresses military officials at the newly constructed Nyongwon
Hydropower Station on 19 April 2009.
On April 20, it was reported that Kim Jong Il, on a visit to the new Nyongwon Hydropower
Station, called for the building of additional hydroelectric plants, citing their relative economy.
The North Korean media stated that hydroelectric plants were “not only edifices of eternal value
but also more beneficial than thermal power stations and atomic power plants.”
Successes are being made in researches into and the work of prospecting more energy resources
rich in the country.
A nation-wide effort has been bent to making best use of hydraulic power.
In recent years, dams of the Samsu Power Station and Nyongwon Power Station have been built
and large hydro-power stations are under construction in various parts of the country, the
prospect of which is also good.
Brisk is the construction of minor power stations are built in Jongphyong and Yonsa Counties
and other areas with streams.
Priority is being given to geological prospecting and tunneling for securing more coal fields, so
as to decisively ease the strain on power.
Solar hothouses built in institutions, industrial establishments and rural areas are paying off.
Bio-methane has found its way to rural dwelling houses in the Migok Co-op Farm in Sariwon
City, North Hwanghae Province and other areas.
Wind-driven generators of various capacities are being manufactured and introduced to houses in
rural and mountainous areas and efforts are being exerted to make an effective use of low-calorie
coal and fly-ash.
Meanwhile, scientific research has been pushed ahead to widely use natural energies including
solar, biological and tidal powers.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Oscar
Onjong-ri
South Pyongan Province
North Korea
[Last updated 27 March 2007]
Reported to be an underground Biological Weapons (BW) research and development Onjong-ri
is in the South Pyongan Province.
North Korea is reportedly developing a clandestine biological weapon research and development
programme that is suspected of having been under way since at least the 1970s.
Unconfirmed statements from defectors tell of research under the auspices of the DPRKs
Academy of National Defence on just about every lethal causative biological weapons agent
known to man:
(k) Anthrax
(l) Botulism
(m) Plague
(n) Yellow fever
(o) Typhoid
(p) Cholera
(q) Korean haemorrhagic fever
(r) Virus
(s) Tuberculosis
(t) Typhus Smallpox
Stockpiles of anthrax, cholera and plague are reported to exist.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Orang Airfield
Hoemun
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
This airfield has a 2,500 m concrete runway with a taxiway off to one side.
The airfield is orientated North East/South West
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Papa
Paegam District Coal Mine
Yanggang Province
North Korea
[Last updated 19 June 2006]
High-quality anthracite deposits are located in the Paegam District of Yanggang Province, and
have estimated reserves of at least 1 million tons
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Panghyon Aircraft Plant
Panghyon
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
It was reported by a defector that two MiG-29 Fulcrum aircraft were first assembled here in
1993. It has since been assessed by ROK intelligence that up to 14 copies of the MiG-29 are now
assembled each year and that North Korea has the technical capability to develop its own version
of this aircraft.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Peace Motors Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 22 September 2008]
E-mail: korea@korea-dpr.com
www.korea-dpr.com/business
Associated with the following cars:
(a) Samchonri mpv
(b)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Peoples Economic College
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
Statistical Economics Department of the Peoples Economic College.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pomhyanggi Cosmetics
Also known as:
Vernal Fragrance
North Korea
[Last updated 22 September 2008]
www.korea.dpr.com
Associated with the following products:
(a) Kaesong Koryo Insam Moisture Cream
(b) Kaesong Koryo Insarn Hair Tonic
(c) Kaesong Koryo Insam Beauty Lotion for astriction
(d) Kaesong Koryo Insam Beauty Lotion for humidification
(e) Kaesong Koryo Insam Night Cream
(f) Kaesong Koryo Insam Day Cream
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pongdon-ni Missile Launch Site
Also known as:
Tongch’ang-dong Launch Facility
Dongchong-ni
Kwi-gol
Pongdon
North Korea
[Last updated 18 September 2008]
The new launch facility is built on the site of a small village called Pongdong-ni, which was
displaced during construction.
It includes a movable launch pad and 10-story tall tower capable of supporting North Korea's
largest ballistic missiles and rockets. It also includes a rocket motor test pad and is similar in size
and design to a rocket test facility outside of Tehran, Iran. There are also support buildings.
Launch Area: The launch area consists of a 40 m-tall umbilical tower adjacent to a rail-served
moveable launch pad measuring 10 m x 13 m. The rails extend about 140 m from what may be
the site of a future vertical assembly building. Available imagery suggests that the facility
achieved an emergency launch capability in 2006.
Engine Test Stand: A static engine test stand is located approximately 1 km south of the launch
pad on the edge of a canyon facing south. A concrete support pad measures 35 m x 50 m, while
the concrete engine test pad measures 15 m x 25 m.
Four concrete piers support the engine test stand. There is an apparent steel support tower
measuring 10 m x 10 m.
A semi-buried fuel and oxidiser building measuring 10 m x 15 m support the site. This is
connected to the test pad by a buried conduit running 190 m. An aboveground conduit runs 95 m
away from the semi-buried fuel building and its purpose is unknown
18 Sep. 08
North Korea tested the engine on a long-range missile at its new missile launch test site several
months ago, a U.S. official said Tuesday 16th Sept.
It is the first acknowledged use of North Korea's new larger West coast missile launch facility,
first reported last week by The Associated Press.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
The official is involved in a U.S. effort to counter the spread of weapons of mass destruction.
The official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive intelligence.
The Taepodong-2 missile engine tested is not believed to represent a new, longer-range
capability. The missile is estimated to have a range of about 2,500 miles, potentially threatening
the western edge of Alaska. The range could be extended with engine improvements and light
payloads.
The engine was tested on an engine test stand, a critical facility for measuring vibration from the
engines and adjusting guidance systems to account for it. That can help make missiles more
accurate.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ponghwa Clinic
P’yongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
News Service: Kyodo News International, Inc.The Associated Press
The freeze dryer a Korean trader exported to North Korea four years ago (2002) might be used at
a Pyongyang clinic for top leader Kim Jong Il, Japanese police sources said Friday.
The trader -- Kim Young Gun, 58, former president of the Tokyo-based Meisho Yoko trading
house -- has told Japanese investigators that he had heard that the dryer would be used at the
Ponghwa clinic, the sources said.
The Ponghwa clinic is known to be reserved for only a limited number of VIPs -- high-ranking
members of the country's governing Workers Party of Korea.
The sources also said the freeze dryer might be used at the Ponghwa clinic, a facility suspected to
be the site of North Korea's researches on biological weapons.
Kim Young Gun, a Korean resident of Japan, was arrested Thursday for illegally exporting to
North Korea the freeze dryer that could be converted and used for producing biological weapons.
Freeze dryers, which quickly dry solid substances in a vacuum, are mainly used to produce
instant coffee granules or instant noodles. Exports of the machines are strictly controlled under
the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law as freeze dryers can be used to keep and
cultivate bacteria over long periods of time and can be converted to produce weapons of mass
destruction.
Meisho Yoko, based in Tokyo's Suginami Ward, exported the freeze dryer in September 2002 in
response to an order placed by a North Korean trading house on behalf of another trader called
HELM Pyongyang.
HELM Pyongyang has accepted staff from the Korea Rungra 888 trading house which is under
Kim Jong Il's direct control.
On Thursday, a team of investigators from Yamaguchi and Shimane prefectural police
departments arrested Kim on suspicion of violating the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade
Control Law for exporting the dryer via a Taiwan trading house without gaining permission from
the minister of economy, trade and industry.
Meisho Yoko is suspected of placing an order for the dryer with the Taiwan trading house, which
then bought it through a Tokyo-based scientific instrument maker's sales agent based in Taiwan
and passed it on to Meisho Yoko.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pukchang Thermo-Electric Plant
Pukchang
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
A 1996 defector (Kang Myong-to) who is the son-in-law of Kang Song-san, said that Pukchang
Thermo-Electric Plant only has two of its six turbines in operation. The others are out of action
presumably through either lack of fuel to drive them or maintenance.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Computer Assembly Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Though North Korea has tried to develop its own computer manufacturing technology since the
1960s, only the most rudimentary computers are produced due to shortage of technical
manpower and to the primitive semiconductor-related electronic industry.
Since the 1980s, research institutes like Science Research Institute have imported key
components like CPUs and Ics and succeeded in assembling 8-bit grade computers.
Currently the Pyongyang Computer Assembly Factory possesses an annual production capacity
of more than 30,000 units of computers.
The Pyongyang Programme Centre and Chosun Computer Centre develop or utilise more than
30 kinds of software such as:
(d) Korean Front End Processor for Windows 95
(e) Chosun word processing programme Tangun
(f) Korean Word processor Changdock
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Construction Machine Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The following organisations produce construction machines like excavators, bulldozers (300 hp)
and cranes (100 tons):
(a) Nakwon Machine Factory
(b) Bukjung Machine Factory
(c) Pyongyang Construction Machine Factory
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Integrated Circuit Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The electronics industry in North Korea is rudimentary at best compared with other nations.
Development efforts began in the 1980s.
Now Pyongyang Integrated Circuit Factory and Electronics Engineering Research Institute
produce basic semiconductor elements and small-scale IC chips.
Electric home appliances like TVs and radios incorporate imported components, but goods
requiring advanced technology cannot be produced.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Integrated Textile Mill
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The textile industry, the most important light industrial sector, utilises primarily locally produced
synthetics and petrochemical based fibres, as well as cotton and silk.
Pyongyang, the site of the Pyongyang Integrated Textile Mill is the country’s textile capital, but
Siniju and Sariwon have been gaining in importance.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Programme Centre
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Though North Korea has tried to develop its own computer manufacturing technology since the
1960s, only the most rudimentary computers are produced due to shortage of technical
manpower and to the primitive semiconductor-related electronic industry.
Since the 1980s, research institutes like Science Research Institute have imported key
components like CPUs and Ics and succeeded in assembling 8-bit grade computers.
Currently the Pyongyang Computer Assembly Factory possesses an annual production capacity
of more than 30,000 units of computers.
The Pyongyang Programme Centre and Chosun Computer Centre develop or utilise more than
30 kinds of software such as:
(g) Korean Front End Processor for Windows 95
(h) Chosun word processing programme Tangun
(i) Korean Word processor Changdock
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Thermo-Electric Plant
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang East Thermo-Electric Plant
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
A potential site for Uranium enrichment, other sites include:
(d) Taechon
(e) Pyongyang
(f) Ch’onma-san
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Railless Tram Car Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Automobile design and production is virtually all imitation.
The following organisations are known:
(d) Seungri Automobile Factory
(e) Pyongyang Railless Tram Car Factory
(f) Chungjin Bus Factory
The organisations possess a total annual production capacity of over 30,000 units of freight cars,
passenger cars, busses, etc.
Unable to develop new products, however, they are restricted to imitation of old Soviet and EastEuropean automobiles.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Pyongyang Wheat Flour Factory
Samheong-dong
Mankyungdae District
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
Pyongyang Wheat Flour Factory is located in Samheong-dong of Mankyungdae District, in
Pyongyang, and mainly produces wheat flour, cookie, noodle, and yeast.
North Korea built its first noodle factory, Daedong River Instant Noodle Factory, with foreign
capital in August 2000 along the Daedong River in Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
P'unggye-yok Nuclear Test Facility
P’unggye-yok
Near the City of Kilju
North East
North Korea
[Last updated 25 August 2006]
Report: Japan confirms activity around suspected North Korea nuclear testing site
25-Aug-2006 02:14 GMT
News Service: The Associated Press
TOKYO_Japan has boosted surveillance of North Korea after seeing vehicles entering and
leaving a suspected nuclear test site, but does not know whether any test explosion of a bomb is
imminent, a news report said.
The vehicles have been seen in recent days at what is thought to be a nuclear testing site in the
communist country's northeast, Kyodo News agency reported Thursday, citing an unidentified
government official.
It was unclear whether any nuclear tests by the North were imminent, but Japan is closely
monitoring the situation, the official was quoted as saying.
Japan's Foreign Ministry said that Tokyo had boosted surveillance of the area.
Defense officials refused to confirm the Kyodo report.
American media reported last week that U.S. officials were monitoring potentially suspicious
activity at a suspected underground nuclear site.
On Thursday, South Korea's chief nuclear negotiator Chun Yung-woo warned that time was
running out for countries seeking to persuade the North to disarm, but said chances of resuming
international disarmament talks were slim.
"It is very dangerous to keep the current situation as it is indefinitely," he told reporters after
meeting with his Japanese counterpart Kenichiro Sasae to discuss the possibility of a North
Korean nuclear test.
Meanwhile, North Korea's army chief said Thursday his country will "do our utmost to bolster
our self-defensive war deterrent, unhindered by anything," and criticized Washington for what he
called a "dastardly and malicious hostile policy" toward the North.
The North regularly uses the term "war deterrent" to refer to its nuclear weapons program.
"We will keenly watch the moves of the United States and its followers, including Japan, to stifle
(North Korea) with sharp vigilance," Kim Yong Chun, chief of the general staff of the North's
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Korean People's Army, said at a national meeting in comments carried by the official Korean
Central News Agency.
North Korea has claimed it has nuclear weapons, but hasn't performed any known test to confirm
it. Many experts believe the North has enough radioactive material to build at least a half a dozen
nuclear weapons.
Talks on the North's nuclear program have been deadlocked since November, when negotiators
failed to make headway in implementing a September agreement in which the North agreed to
drop its nuclear program in exchange for aid and security guarantees.
North Korea has since refused to attend the six-nation talks until Washington stops blacklisting a
bank where the communist regime held accounts, a restriction imposed over alleged
counterfeiting and money laundering.
29 August 2006 Indian Press Report
The activity included the unloading of large reels of cable outside P'unggye-yok, an underground
facility in northeast North Korea.
North Korea, though, believed to have enough nuclear material to build as many as a dozen
nuclear bombs, has never tested one. A successful test would remove any doubt that North Korea
is a nuclear power.
Earlier this year, symbolically on the 4th of July, the Day of American Independence, North
Korea conducted seven ballistic missile tests, which provoked immediate international
condemnation.
12 October 2006
South Korean Intelligence Officer suggests that Pung’gye is just one of Seven Primary Sites
being monitored for nuclear activity, this site might be only a high-explosive research site
associated with nuclear weapons he suggested.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Quebec
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Romeo
Rakwn Machinery Works
Also reported as:
Rakwon Machinery Works
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Extract from report: The quality of machinery generally is considered below international
standards, some of the largest machinery plants are:
a. Yongsng Machinery Works
b. Rakwn Machinery Works
c. Taean Heavy Machinery Works
d. Hich’n Machine Tool General Works
e. Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Rakwon Machine Complex
Sinuiju (on the border with China)
North Korea
[Last updated 1 December 2008]
President Kim praised workers at the Rakwon Machine Complex for meeting its quota for this
year "as of the end of October",
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Rungra 888 Trading House
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
News Service: Kyodo News International, Inc.The Associated Press
The freeze dryer a Korean trader exported to North Korea four years ago (2002) might be used at
a Pyongyang clinic for top leader Kim Jong Il, Japanese police sources said Friday.
The trader -- Kim Young Gun, 58, former president of the Tokyo-based Meisho Yoko trading
house -- has told Japanese investigators that he had heard that the dryer would be used at the
Ponghwa clinic, the sources said.
The Ponghwa clinic is known to be reserved for only a limited number of VIPs -- high-ranking
members of the country's governing Workers Party of Korea.
The sources also said the freeze dryer might be used at the Ponghwa clinic, a facility suspected to
be the site of North Korea's researches on biological weapons.
Kim Young Gun, a Korean resident of Japan, was arrested Thursday for illegally exporting to
North Korea the freeze dryer that could be converted and used for producing biological weapons.
Freeze dryers, which quickly dry solid substances in a vacuum, are mainly used to produce
instant coffee granules or instant noodles. Exports of the machines are strictly controlled under
the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law as freeze dryers can be used to keep and
cultivate bacteria over long periods of time and can be converted to produce weapons of mass
destruction.
Meisho Yoko, based in Tokyo's Suginami Ward, exported the freeze dryer in September 2002 in
response to an order placed by a North Korean trading house on behalf of another trader called
HELM Pyongyang.
HELM Pyongyang has accepted staff from the Korea Rungra 888 trading house, which is under
Kim Jong Il's direct control.
On Thursday, a team of investigators from Yamaguchi and Shimane prefectural police
departments arrested Kim on suspicion of violating the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade
Control Law for exporting the dryer via a Taiwan trading house without gaining permission from
the minister of economy, trade and industry.
Meisho Yoko is suspected of placing an order for the dryer with the Taiwan trading house, which
then bought it through a Tokyo-based scientific instrument maker's sales agent based in Taiwan
and passed it on to Meisho Yoko.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ryonha Technological Innovations
Also known as:
Ryonha Machinery J/V Corporation
North Korea
[Last updated 22 September 2008]
www.korea-dpr.com
Associated with:
(a) CNC Turning Centre Model RTC 136
(b) CNC Turning Centre Model RTC 210
(c) CNC Turning Centre Model RTC 350
(d) CNC Turning Centre Model RTC 450
(e) CNC Turning Centre Model RLTC 426
(f) Vertical Machining Centre Model RV 30
(g) Vertical Machining Centre Model RV 40
(h) Vertical Machining Centre Model RV 50
(i) Electrical Discharge Machine Model RE 60
(j) Wire-Cut Electrical Discharge Machine RWC 600
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Ryongbong General Corp
Also known as:
Korea Ryongbong General Corp
North Korea
[Last updated 26 April 2009]
A Security Council committee on Friday placed three North Korean companies on a U.N.
blacklist for aiding Pyongyang's missile and nuclear programs, eliciting a sharp rebuke from a
North Korean envoy.
The three companies put on the list are:
a. Korea Mining Development Trading Corp.
b. Korea Ryongbong General Corp.
c. Tranchon Commercial Bank
The decision said the three companies were linked to the military and active in procuring
equipment and financing for North Korea's ballistic missile and other weapons programs.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Sierra
Sariwon Textile Mill
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The textile industry, the most important light industrial sector, utilises primarily locally produced
synthetics and petrochemical based fibres, as well as cotton and silk.
Pyongyang, the site of the Pyongyang Integrated Textile Mill is the country’s textile capital, but
Siniju and Sariwon have been gaining in importance.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
S’ngri General Motor Works
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
An expansion project completed in 1989 at the General Motor Works quadrupled the production
capacity of the heavy-duty trucks and plant manufactures.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sabujin,
City of Kim Chaek
North Hamkyong Province
North Korea's northeast coast on the Sea of Japan
[Last updated 9 March 2006]
North Korean missile test range
Reported to have fired two “short-range” SAMs on 8 March 2006, the range reached by the
missiles was 60 miles.
Assuming the miles are statute, this would be equivalent to 1.609 km = 1 mile = 96.54 km
The North Korean inventory includes S-75, S-125 and S-200; therefore the only missile capable
of flying this far theoretically is the S-200. However, if these were ballistic shots, then the S-75
could also fly this far but would then fall from the sky.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Samjiyon Airfield
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
041.54.21.13N
128.24.42.06E
A 3,500 m long airstrip running from South West to North East
This airfield has a long taxi way
Parking facilities to the East of the taxi way as also is what appears to be a large military area
This area is within 11.5 km from the Chinese border
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Samsu Power Station
Samsu
North Korea
[Last updated 29 May 2009]
On April 20, it was reported that Kim Jong Il, on a visit to the new Nyongwon Hydropower
Station, called for the building of additional hydroelectric plants, citing their relative economy.
The North Korean media stated that hydroelectric plants were “not only edifices of eternal value
but also more beneficial than thermal power stations and atomic power plants.”
Successes are being made in researches into and the work of prospecting more energy resources
rich in the country.
A nation-wide effort has been bent to making best use of hydraulic power.
In recent years, dams of the Samsu Power Station and Nyongwon Power Station have been built
and large hydro-power stations are under construction in various parts of the country, the
prospect of which is also good.
Brisk is the construction of minor power stations are built in Jongphyong and Yonsa Counties
and other areas with streams.
Priority is being given to geological prospecting and tunneling for securing more coal fields, so
as to decisively ease the strain on power.
Solar hothouses built in institutions, industrial establishments and rural areas are paying off.
Bio-methane has found its way to rural dwelling houses in the Migok Co-op Farm in Sariwon
City, North Hwanghae Province and other areas.
Wind-driven generators of various capacities are being manufactured and introduced to houses in
rural and mountainous areas and efforts are being exerted to make an effective use of low-calorie
coal and fly-ash.
Meanwhile, scientific research has been pushed ahead to widely use natural energies including
solar, biological and tidal powers.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sangham-ri Missile Base
South Hamgyong Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Other recent RoK press reports have identified facilities for No Dong and Taepo Dong missiles
in:
(a) Yongrim county, Jagang province
(b) Sangham-ri in South Hamgyong province
(c) Yongojo-Dong in Yanggang province
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sanum-dong Missile Research Centre
Sanum-don
(25 km North of P’yongyang)
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Associated with the following missiles:
(a) Taepo-Dong 1
(b) Taepo-Dong 2
(c) Missile simulators
During 1981 – 82 the DPRK began to assemble the industrial infrastructure required to support
an indigenous ballistic missiles programme.
In February 1994, US intelligence satellites detected a new missile simulator (Hardware mockup) at Sanum Dong R & D facility. The mock-up has since been designated Taepo-dong – 2 and
is a two stage missile with the first stage resembling the Chinese CSS-2.
This programme involved construction or conversion of:
(i) The 125 Factory (P’yongyang)
(j) A military Research and Development Facility at Sanum-don
(k) The Musudan-ri Launch Facility
(l) A variety of other related facilities
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Satgatmol
Hwanghae Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Additional facilities are under construction near the DMZ at Satgatmol in Hwanghae province
and Kumchon-ri in Kangwon province.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Science Research Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Though North Korea has tried to develop its own computer manufacturing technology since the
1960s, only the most rudimentary computers are produced due to shortage of technical
manpower and to the primitive semiconductor-related electronic industry.
Since the 1980s, research institutes like Science Research Institute have imported key
components like CPUs and Ics and succeeded in assembling 8-bit grade computers.
Currently the Pyongyang Computer Assembly Factory possesses an annual production capacity
of more than 30,000 units of computers.
The Pyongyang Programme Centre and Chosun Computer Centre develop or utilise more than
30 kinds of software such as:
(j) Korean Front End Processor for Windows 95
(k) Chosun word processing programme Tangun
(l) Korean Word processor Changdock
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Second Natural Science Academy
Also known as:
Engineering Research Institute
[Last updated 5 May 2010]
Development of missiles with particular emphasis of Surface-to-Air man-portable SAMs
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Seungri Automobile Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Automobile design and production is virtually all imitation.
The following organisations are known:
(g) Seungri Automobile Factory
(h) Pyongyang Railless Tram Car Factory
(i) Chungjin Bus Factory
The organisations possess a total annual production capacity of over 30,000 units of freight cars,
passenger cars, busses, etc.
Unable to develop new products, however, they are restricted to imitation of old Soviet and EastEuropean automobiles.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sing-ye Missile Base
South P’yonggan Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
The RoK MND reports that a battalion with nine launchers and 40 No Dong missiles are based at
Sino-ri in North P’yonggan province and Scuds at Sing-ye South P’yonggan province, with
additional facilities under construction near the DMZ at Satgatmol in Hwanghae province and
Kumchon-ri in Kangwon province.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sinhung Chemical Plant
Sinhung
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006-08-11
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Siniju Chemical Plant
Siniju
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
18 Dec. 06
The government has called for accelerating the expansion projects at both the Siniju and
Ch’ngjin chemical fibre complexes, Vinylon textile (100,000 tons) made from Anthracite coal +
limestone, and viscous textile made from timber and reed occupy an 88% share of total
production capacity.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Siniju Research Institute
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
A Research Institute (RI) reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Siniju Textile Mill
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
The textile industry, the most important light industrial sector, utilises primarily locally produced
synthetics and petrochemical based fibres, as well as cotton and silk.
Pyongyang, the site of the Pyongyang Integrated Textile Mill is the country’s textile capital, but
Siniju and Sariwon have been gaining in importance.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sino-ri Missile Base
North P’yonggan Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
The RoK MND reports that a battalion with nine launchers and 40 No Dong missiles are based at
Sino-ri in North P’yonggan province and Scuds at Sing-ye South P’yonggan province, with
additional facilities under construction near the DMZ at Satgatmol in Hwanghae province and
Kumchon-ri in Kangwon province.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sinosteel Corporation (Zhonggang)
Jilin
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
Tonghua Iron & Steel Group (Tonggang), Yanbian Tianchi Company, and Sinosteel Corporation
(Zhonggang)—contracted rights to exploit the Musan iron mines for 50 years.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sinpo Shipyard
North Korea
[Last updated 11 August 2006]
Producers of the following classes of submarine:
(a) Romeo (Type 033) class]
(b) Sang-O class
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sogyang Trading Corporation Korea
Also known as:
British American Tobacco Korea
Taesong-BAT
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
BAT launched its business in North Korea in September 2001 after forming a joint venture
company with a state-owned enterprise called the Korea Sogyong Trading Corporation, whose
main interest had previously been exporting carpets.
BAT made an initial investment of $7.1m in the enterprise, and owns 60% of the company they
formed, which is known as Taesong-BAT.
It has since increased its investment, but declines to say by how much.
This company employs 200 people at its factory in Pyongyang, the capital, producing up to two
billion cigarettes a year.
It initially produced an inexpensive brand called Kumgansan, named after a mountain in the east
of the country, and is now producing brands that are known as Craven A and Viceroy.
Despite its previous involvement in smuggling, BAT denies that any of its cigarettes produced in
North Korea are intended for the Chinese market, and insists that they are all for consumption in
North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sondok Airfield
Tongho-ri
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
039.44.52.31N
127.28.42.13E
A 2,500 m long concrete airstrip with taxi way
This airstrip runs North/South
This airstrip is pot marked with ringed air-defence (probably guns)
Both heavy bomber jet type aircraft (11 at last count) and propeller (44 at last count) type aircraft
are parked all around the airfield
This airfield is supported with a large infrastructure for operation and maintenance
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Soonchun Vinylon Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
The petrochemical industry was initiated in the late 1970s and now possesses an annual oil
refinery capacity of only 3.5 million tons.
Only 4 kinds of petrochemical products like acrylics are manufactured at the moment:
(a) 2.8 Vinylon Factory produces 60,000 tons
(b) Soonchun Vinylon Factory produces 50,000 tons
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sowi-ri Nuclear Plant
Sowi-ri
Yongbyon
North Pyongan Province
North Korea
[Last updated 18 February 2009]
A secret underground plant to make nuclear bombs from highly enriched uranium (HEU).
This facility can produce HEU for nuclear bombs.
It has been reported that the plant is located at Sowi-ri in Yongbyon, North Pyongan Province,
where the North's plutonium-based nuclear complex is situated.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sunch’n Chemical Plant
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
A plant reported to be part of the Chemical Warfare Industry of North Korea.
Also known as
Sunch’on Vinalon Complex
Sunch’n Synthetic Fibre Complex
North Korea
Vinalon continues to be produced (2006) at the:
(d) April 25 Vinalon Factory
(e) February 8th Vinalon Factory
(f) Snch’on Vinalon Complex
All of these organisations are suspected of producing mustard, as well as blood agents (e.g.,
cyanogen chloride), choking agents (phosgene), and riot-control agents (CN).
15 Dec. 06
A synthetic fibre complex in Sunch’n the country’s largest began operation in 1989 after
completing its first stage of construction.
When all stages are completed, production capacity is expected to reach:
(a) 100,000 tons of synthetic fibre
(b) 1 million tons of calcium carbide
(c) 750,000 tons of methanol
(d) 900,000 tons of nitrogen fertilizers
(e) 250,000 tons of caustic soda
(f) 250,000 tons of vinyl chloride
(g) 400,000 tons of soda ash per year
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sunchon Thermo-Electric Plant
Sunchon
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sungni General Automotive Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
Associated with the development and modernisation of TELs such as the MAZ 543.
Other vehicles such as IVECO manufactured by Fiat in Italy and Nissan from the Nissan Diesel
Industry have also been associated with this organisation.
Military vehicles
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sunjin Steel Manufacturing Plant
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Main steel producers like Kimch’aek, Hwanghae steel factory, Chullima steel mill, and Sunjin
steel manufacturing plant were all constructed during the colonial era.
They were reconstructed and expanded with technical support from former Soviet Russia and
China.
The Kimch’aek Integrated Iran and Steel Works has surpassed the Hwanghae Iron Works to
become the largest steel and iron centre.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Tango
T’-gol District Coal Mine
North Korea
[Last updated 19 June 2006]
Coal deposits amounting to 10 million tons also exist in Chunbi, T'- gol, and Kangdong in
Kangdong District
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Taean Heavy Machinery Works
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Extract from report: The quality of machinery generally is considered below international
standards, some of the largest machinery plants are:
(a) Yongsng Machinery Works
(b) Rakwn Machinery Works
(c) Taean Heavy Machinery Works
(d) Hich’n Machine Tool General Works
(e) Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant
The Taean Works was built during the Second Seven Year Plant (1978 – 1984) with Soviet
assistance, and is the country’s largest machinery plant.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Taepo-tong Launch Site
Hwadae-Kun
North Hamkyong Province
North Korea
(on the east coast)
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
Reported by a North Korean defector as a launch site for the SRBM missiles in the NK
inventory.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Tanchon Airstrip
Also known as:
Tanchon South Highway Airstrip
Tanchon
North Korea
[Last updated 19 November 2008]
040.23.39.76N
128.51.58.22E
A 1,100 m highway airstrip that roughly runs from North West to South East
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Tanchon Commercial Bank
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 25 August 2006]
Aug. 24--HANOI -- North Korea's Tanchon Commercial Bank, which has been identified by the
United States as the primary financial facilitator of that country's ballistic missile program, had
until recently held dollar and euro accounts at Vietnam's Military Commercial Bank, a Military
Commercial Bank official said recently.
The official said millions of both dollars and euros, respectively, had been deposited in the
accounts.
But the funds were hastily transferred to other banks, including a German bank, in July after the
State Bank of Vietnam, the country's central bank, acceded to a U.S. request and began checking
on any North Korean accounts involved in suspicious banking transactions.
Tanchon Commercial Bank is among North Korean entities that the United States has since June
last year designated as proliferators of missiles and weapons of mass destruction, or their
supporters, imposing sanctions aimed at denying them access to the U.S. financial and
commercial systems.
The United States is urging other members of the United Nations to identify, track and freeze
financial transactions and assets of such North Korean entities as the first step in implementing a
binding U.N. Security Council resolution adopted last month.
The unanimous Security Council resolution, which condemned North Korea's ballistic missile
launches in early July, requires all U.N. member nations to prevent the transfer of financial
resources that could help North Korea's missile and WMD programs.
The U.S. Treasury Department identifies Tanchon Commercial Bank as the main financial agent
for North Korea's sales of conventional arms, ballistic missiles, and goods related to the
assembly and manufacture of such weapons, which have provided Pyongyang with a significant
portion of its export earnings and financially aided its own weapons development and armsrelated purchases.
The Pyongyang-based bank held accounts at Macao's Banco Delta Asia SARL, which the United
States in September 2005 subjected to sanctions as a "primary money laundering concern" that
had facilitated a range of North Korean illicit activities.
While it was not clear when the funds were deposited in the North Korean accounts at the
Vietnam's Military Commercial Bank, the bank official said they were transferred from a
German bank and from the Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam, or Vietcombank.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
According to sources, financial intelligence authorities of the United States, South Korea and
Japan recently compiled a report on North Korea's overseas bank accounts that singled out 23
accounts in 10 countries, including Russia, deemed suspicious.
Among the total, around 10 were in Vietnamese banks.
U.S. Treasury Undersecretary Stuart Levey, responsible for terrorism and financial intelligence
issues, visited Vietnam in mid-July and called for Hanoi's cooperation in investigating and
freezing the suspicious North Korean bank accounts.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Tongnimobong Precision Machine Plant
Obong-ri
Tongnim-kun
North Pyongan Province
125 km Northwest of Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 5 May 2010]
Manufactures the launch tubes for the No. 7 launch tubes or 7-ho palsagwan that is a derivative
of the RPG-7.
Works in association with Factory 39 in Oryong-nodongjagu.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
The Committee for the Promotion of International Trade of the DPR Korea
Central District
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Telephone: 850-2-18111
Telephone: 850-2-8054
Fax: 850-2-381-4440
Head of Committee: Kim Yong Mun
The Committee for the Promotion of International Trade of the DPR Korea , established in 1952,
is a comprehensive organization for promoting foreign trade and economic relations between the
DPRK and foreign countries.
Recently, the CPIT's activities have been focused on the introduction of transactions and of
investment from western countries.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
The Committee for the Promotion of External Economic Cooperation
Central District
Pyongyang
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
Telephone: 850-2-381-6163
Fax: 850-2-381-4498
Fax: 850-2-381-4630
Head of Committee: Kim Jong-woon
Beijing Office:
Won Chang-jung
Mun Song-won
Past subsidiary organization of Committee for External Economy, especially Peking
Representative Office is mainly in charge of investment consultation business of Rajin-Sunbong
Region in the field of South and North Korea Economic Cooperation.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Toksan Airfield
Toksan
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
039.59.46.94N
127.36.51.52E
A 2,500 m concrete airstrip running from South West to North East
This airfield includes a 2,000 m taxi way
In the South West corner of the taxi way are parked six military aircraft close by are two airdefence sites
At least seven MiG type aircraft are parked between the taxi way and the runway near to a
hangar, this is all near the top North East part of the airstrip.
A further 23 military aircraft are parked at the end of the South West runway.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Tonghua Iran and Steel Group (Tonggang)
Jilin
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
Tonghua Iron & Steel Group (Tonggang), Yanbian Tianchi Company, and Sinosteel Corporation
(Zhonggang)—contracted rights to exploit the Musan iron mines for 50 years.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Tranchon Commercial Bank
North Korea
[Last updated 25 April 2009]
A Security Council committee on Friday placed three North Korean companies on a U.N.
blacklist for aiding Pyongyang's missile and nuclear programs, eliciting a sharp rebuke from a
North Korean envoy.
The three companies put on the list are:
a. Korea Mining Development Trading Corp.
b. Korea Ryongbong General Corp.
c. Tranchon Commercial Bank
The decision said the three companies were linked to the military and active in procuring
equipment and financing for North Korea's ballistic missile and other weapons programs.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Uniform
Uiju Airfield
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
040.08.52.59N
124.29.44.15E
A 2,500 m airstrip that is running from South West to North East
The main airstrip is surrounded by two taxi ways to the East and West, the westerly taxiway also
leads to a heavily defended area containing 10 large missile systems either S-200 or S-75.
At least 18 aircraft are parked at either end of the runway and taxi ways
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Unggi (Oung gi) Therm-Electric Plant
Unggi
North Korea
[Last updated 15 August 2006]
One of the largest Thermo-Electric Plants in North Korea, the others are:
(a) Pukchang
(b) Pyongyang
(c) Unggi (Oung gi)
(d) Chog Zin
(e) Sunchon
(f) Chengchengang
(g) East Pyongyang
The Unggi plant is capable of producing 200MW apparently requires so much fuel that it is
piped in from Russia. This fuel is refined at the Unggi Refinery.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Unggi Oil Refinery
Unggi
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
This refinery has a pipeline direct to Russia; oil received from Russian is refined and sent direct
to the Unggi Thermo-Electric Plant.
15 Dec. 06
The petrochemical industry was initiated in the late 1970s and now possesses an annual oil
refinery capacity of only 3.5 million tons.
Only 4 kinds of petrochemical products like acrylics are manufactured at the moment:
(c) 2.8 Vinylon Factory produces 60,000 tons
(d) Soonchun Vinylon Factory produces 50,000 tons
The nearby Unggi Refinery supplies the necessary crude petroleum.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
UNHA
North Korea
[Last updated 22 September 2008]
Shirt and garment industry of North Korea
All men’s suits are produced/manufactured in:
(a) Moranbong
(b) Tongdaewon
(c) Taedonggang
(d) Songyo
(e) Phongwon
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Unphasan Pharmaceutical Institute Category
North Korea
[Last updated 11 May 2009]
Director: Sonu Su Yong (May 2007 -)
The Unphasan Pharmaceutical Institute of the DPRK has developed and perfected natural
medicines efficacious for the diseases such as:
a. Arteriosclerosis
b. Hyperlipemia
c. Diabetes
d. Obesity
e. Hhyperuricemia
f. Hepatitis
g. Ppancreatitis which should be treated for a long time
Now the medicines are being applied to clinical treatment.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Uranit GmbH
Germany
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
One source reports that uranium enrichment information may have been diverted from the
German partner in URENCO, Uranit GmbH, to Pakistan via Switzerland and then re-exported to
North Korea.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Victor
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Whiskey
Wonsan Airfield
Wonsan Penisular
Wonsan
North Korea
[Last updated 11 February 2009]
This airfield runs from South East to North West and has a 2,400 m long runway.
39.10.00.05N
127.29.02.83E
In Feb 2009, there were 41 x jet aircraft parked in the South West corner of the airfield adjacent
to the singular runway.
Close to the aircraft are heavy berms that appear to be unoccupied.
6 x possible MiG-21 aircraft were parked to the west of the runway alongside what appears to be
either a road or taxiway running from South West to North East.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Wonsan Railway Cars Factory
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
Various types of railroad cars are produced at:
(a) Kim Jong Tae Locomotives Factory
(b) Wonsan Railway Cars Factory
(c) Chungjin Railway Factory
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Wonsan Shipyard
North Korea
[Last updated 18 December 2006]
There are over 10 shipyards in North Korea all are based in:
(a) Nampo
(b) Wonsan
(c) Chungjin
Because they lack proper docking facilities, they presently can build only less than 20,000 DWTlevel vessels.
Because designing methods is inadequate, ships are built on the basic model of 14,000 and
20,000 DWT grade cargo vessels and 3,750 DWT fishing vessels.
Few ships are exported.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Xray
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Yankee
Yanbian Tianchi
Jilin
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
Tonghua Iron & Steel Group (Tonggang), Yanbian Tianchi Company, and Sinosteel Corporation
(Zhonggang)—contracted rights to exploit the Musan iron mines for 50 years.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yongbyon Nuclear Facilities
North Korea
[Last updated 20 September 2008]
North Korea is reportedly constructing a MRBM site 25 km north of Yongbyon, at present
nothing more is known about this site.
Yongbyon site map
27 Mar. 07
Start up problems at the Yongbyon reprocessing facility may also affect the quality of the
plutonium.
The reactor must run almost continuously for a t least a year before it produces enough
plutonium for five or six nuclear weapons.
The 1950s vintage plant has to be operated on a hands-on basis, making it prone to highly
dangerous leaks and spillages.
These problems can lead to repeated and extended shutdown periods and the loss of plutonium
into the waste stream.
They could also result in a catastrophic nuclear accident.
13 June 2008
UN inspectors have discovered that equipment made in Japan, the archenemy of North Korea,
has been used for uranium enrichment in the communist state.
Police raided two private companies earlier this month (June 08) after receiving the information
from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), public broadcaster NHK and other
Japanese media reported.
Tokyo Vacuum, based in Kanagawa prefecture near the capital, and Tokyo-based trade agency
Nakano Corp. are suspected of exporting vacuum pumps without permission to Taiwan, violating
Japan’s trade control law, the reports said.
Inspectors believe that the vacuum pumps, which can be used to separate uranium, were then
sent to North Korea, which tested an atom bomb in 2006.
Nakano Corp. president Hiroshi Nakano told reporters that the company had received an order
from Taiwan for the product and “simply responded.”
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
“I had no idea the Taiwanese maker had that kind of relationship” with North Korea, he said. “If
I had known about it, I would not have exported it.”
Tokyo Vacuum was not immediately available for comment.
IAEA inspectors discovered the vacuum pumps when probing North Korea’s Yongbyon nuclear
complex and other nuclear-related facilities last July 2007.
20 Sep. 08
North Korea is restarting its Yongbyon nuclear reactor in response to what the communist Asian
country says is a failure by the United States to hold up its end of the disarmament deal signed
by six countries in 2007.
A north Korean diplomat told reporters at a press conference Friday that technicians are already
performing “thorough preparations” to restart the reactor complex at the Yongbyon nuclear site.
Hyun Hak Bong spoke to an international group of reporters in the “truce village” of
Panmunjom, shared by North and South Korea in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
Bong told reporters that since the United States and other countries were not following through
in supplying energy aid to North Korea as promised in the historic deal, his country has already
lifted the disablement order placed on the reactor last year and has commenced work on
restarting it.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yongampo Shipyard
North Korea
[Last update 11 August 2006]
Associated with the building of the following craft:
(a) Soju class (FAC)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yongpo Airfield
Yongpo-ri
North Korea
[Last updated 14 November 2008]
039.47.30.52N
127.32.10.76E
A 1,000 m long runway running from North West to South East
A single strip airfield with many varied berms to the South of the only runway
A total of 31 aircraft (propeller type) seen in the berms with 5 others parked near the runway
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Youngjo-dong Missile Base
Yanggang Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
On 6 July 1999, South Korea discloses that North Korea is building a new missile base with 10
launch towers for the Taep’o-dong or No-dong missiles at Youngjo-dong in Yanggang province,
20 km from the North Korean – Chinese border.
It is assessed by western analysts that the facility is strategically located to mke it difficult to
attack with precision munitions or cruise missiles.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yongjo-ri, Hagap
North Korea
[Last updated 14 August 2006]
A potential site for Uranium enrichment, other sites include:
(g) Taechon
(h) Pyongyang
(i) Ch’onma-san
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yongrim Missile Base
Yongrim County
Jagang Province
North Korea
[Last updated 14 December 2006]
Other recent RoK press reports have identified facilities for No Dong and Taepo Dong missiles
in:
(a) Yongrim county, Jagang province
(b) Sangham-ri in South Hamgyong province
(c) Yongojo-Dong in Yanggang province
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yongsng Machinery Works
North Korea
[Last updated 15 December 2006]
Extract from report: The quality of machinery generally is considered below international
standards, some of the largest machinery plants are:
(f) Yongsng Machinery Works
(g) Rakwn Machinery Works
(h) Taean Heavy Machinery Works
(i) Hich’n Machine Tool General Works
(j) Ch’ngjin Machine Tool Plant
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Yukdaeso-ri Shipyard
North Korea
[Last updated 10 August 2006]
The Yugo class midget submarines are built at the Yukdaeso-ri shipyard and have been since
early 1960s.
Some of these Yugo submarines have been lost in operations against South Korea and are now
(2006) being phased out in favour of the Song-O class.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Section Zulu
Zokwang Trading
Macau
China
[Last updated 13 November 2008]
International Trader: Pak Ku Po (Nov 08 -)
Zokwang Trading, a state-owned North Korean company in Macau, which in the past has been
accused of being involved in:
a. The distribution of counterfeit money
b. Arms smuggling
c. Terrorist training
North Korea had been accused of state-sponsored terrorism long before Afghanistan decided to
give shelter to Osama bin Laden and the seeds of the present conflict in Central Asia were sown.
Zokwang is involved mainly in the export of North Korean ginseng to Asian countries, and
sweaters and other knitwear to France and Canada.
Over the past few years, North Korea has embarked on a vigorous commercial drive across the
globe, and, for the first time, it is making serious attempts to attract foreign investment.
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Annex “A”
Naval Bases
West Coast Fleet (Yellow Sea)
HOME PORT TYPE OF VESSELS INFORMATION
Cho-do There is also an Air Force
airfield at this location
Haeju There is also an Air Force
airfield at this location
Kaompo
Kwangyang-ni
Namp’o Fleet Command HQ
Pip’a-got (Submarine base) Romeo 4 x Diesel boats based here
Pupo-ri
Sagon-ri Also known as Sagot
Sohae-ri
Sunwi-do
Tasa-ri
Yomju-gun
Yongwi-do
4 x OSA 1 Fast Attack Craft are based on the West Coast, port unknown
4 x Soju Fast Attack Craft are based on the West Coast, port unknown
6 x Hainan Large Patrol Craft based on the West Coast, port unknown
SO 1 Large Patrol Craft, a few may be based on the West Coast, port unknown
12 x Shanghai 2 Fast Attack Craft (Gun) based on the West Coast, port unknown
Taechong 1 and Taechong 2 Large Patrol Craft, mainly based on the East Coast but a few may
be on the West Coast, port unknown
Chong-Ju Large Patrol Craft a few may be based on the West Coast, port unknown
24 x Chaho Fast Attack Craft (Gun), based on the West Coast, port unknown
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
East Coast Fleet
HOME PORT TYPE OF VESSELS INFORMATION
Changion Taechong 1 Large Patrol Craft
Taechong 2 Large Patrol Craft
Sariwon 580 Tonne Fleet Minelayer
Chongjin Fast Attack Craft Gun
Chaho Fast Attack Craft Gun
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft
Soju Fast Attack Craft Missile
SO 1 Large Patrol Craft
Munch’on Chaho Fast Attack Craft Gun
Sinhung Patrol Craft Hydrofoil
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft
Hanchon Landing Craft Utility
Nampo Landing Craft Personnel
Chongju Large Patrol Craft
Chongjin Fast Attack Craft Gun
Mugyepo Najin Frigate Light or Corvette
Soju Fast Attack Craft Missile
SO 1 Large Patrol Craft
Taechong 2 Large Patrol Craft
Chongju Large Patrol Craft
Sinhung Patrol Craft Hydrofoil
Hanchon Landing Craft Utility
Nampo Landing Craft Person
Mayang Do Romeo class submarine Diesel boat
Yukto 1 Coastal Minesweeper
Yukto 2 Coastal Minesweeper
Kowan Submarine Rescue Ship
Ch’aho-nodongiagu Romeo class submarine Diesel boat
Hanchon Landing Craft Utility
Najin Sohung Patrol Gunboat
Chaho Fast Attack Craft Gun
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft Torpedo
Hantae Landing Craft Utility
Puam Dong Nampo Landing Craft Person
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft Torpedo
Songion-Pando Sang-O class submarine Small diesel boat used for
personnel infiltration
Yugo Submarine Midget All in reserve
Kong Bang Landing Craft Personnel
Toejo Dong Soho Frigate One of class only
Mayang Patrol Craft Probably scrapped or in
reserve
Chongjin Fast Attack Craft Gun
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft Torpedo
Sinhung Fast Attack Craft
4 x Komar Fast Attack Craft are based on the East Coast, port unknown
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Annex “B”
Air Force Bases
The following is a list of those North Korean Air Force bases that are known from open source
materiel. Research Analyst Defence (Waterlooville) Limited freely admits the list is probably not
complete and accepts no responsibility for those missing.
NAME TYPE OF BASE INFORMATION
Avang Ni Highway Strip Airstrip
Changjin up Airfield
Changyon Highway Strip Airstrip
Chasan Highway Strip Airstrip
Chik Tong Airfield
Cho-do Airfield
Changjin Airport
Haeju Airfield
Hoeyang Southeast Airfield
Hwangju Air Base MiG-19 fighter regiment
Hwangsuwon Air Base MiG-21 fighter regiment
Hyesan Airfield
Hyon-ni Airfield
Ichon Airfield
Ihyon Airfield
Ihyon Airport
Ichon Northeast Airfield
Iwon Air Base MiG-21 fighter regiment
Kaechon Airfield
Kang Da Ri Airfield
Kangdong Airfield
Kilchu Hwy Airfield
Kojo Airfield
Koksan Air Base MiG-21 fighter regiment
Koksan South Highway Strip Airstrip
Kuktong Airfield
Kuum-ni Airfield
Kwail Air Base MiG-21 fighter regiment
Kwaksan Air Base Il-28 bomber regiment
Kyongsong-Chuul Airfield
Maengsan Airfield
Manpo Airfield
Mirim Airfield
Nuchon Ni Highway Strip Airstrip
Okpyong ni Airfield
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Onchon Airport
Ongjin Airfield
Orang Air Base MiG-19 fighter regiment
Paegam Airfield
Panghyon Airfield
Panghyon South Highway
Strip
Airstrip
Pukch'ang Air Base Su-25, 24 MiG-29 fighter
regiments
Pyong Ni South Highway
Strip
Airstrip
Pyongsul Li Airfield
Pyongyang Airfield
Samjiyon Airfield
Sangwon Highway Strip Airstrip
Seanchan Highway Strip Airstrip
Singye Highway Strip Airstrip
Sinhung Highway Strip Airstrip
Sinuiju Airfield
Sohung South Airfield
Sonchon Airfield
Sondok Air Base Il-28 bomber regiment
Sunan Airfield
Sunan-up North Highway
Strip
Airstrip
Sunchon Air Base MiG-23 fighter regiment
Sungam ni Airfield
Taebukpo Ri Airfield
Taechon Airfield
Taechon Northwest Airfield
T'aet'an-pihaengjang Airfield
Toha Ri North Airfield
Toksan Air Base Il-28 bomber regiment
Uiju Airfield
Unchon Up Airport
Uthachi Airfield
Wong Yo Ri Highway Airstrip
Wonsan Air Base MiG-19 fighter regiment
Yong Hung Airfield
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Annex “C”
Weapon Systems
Air-to-Air (AAM)
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
AAM NATO AA-2 Atoll
AAM NATO AA-7 Apex
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Air-to-Surface (ASM)
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Surface-to-Surface (SS)
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
M-1985 240 mm MRLS
M-1991 240 mm MRLS
M-1985 122 mm MRLS
BM-11 122 mm MRLS
Type-63 107 mm MRLS
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Surface-to-Air (GUNS)
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
M-1983
M-1990
M-1992
37 mm Self-propelled anti-aircraft
gun (SPAAG)
57 mm Towed anti-aircraft gun
(AAA)
57 mm Self-propelled anti-aircraft
gun (SPAAG)
Surface-to-Air (Missiles)
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
S-75 Medium-range SAM NATO SA-2 Guideline
HQ-2 Medium-range SAM NATO CSA-1
Pechora Medium-range SAM NATO SA-3 Goa
S-200 Long-range SAM NATO SA-5 Gammon
Strela-2 Man-portable SAM NATO SA-7a Grail
Strela-2M Man-portable SAM NATO SA-7b Grail
Strela-3 Man-portable SAM NATO SA-14 Gremlin
Igla-1 Man-portable SAM NATO SA-16 Gimlet
NK-2 Man-portable SAM N. Korean copy of Strela-2
Man-portable SAM N. Korean copy of Igla-1
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Main Battle Tank (MBT)
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
Type-63 MBT
Type-82 MBT Also known as PT-85
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Armoured Vehicles (AV)
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
M-1973 Armoured Vehicle Also known as VTT-323
M-1992 Armoured Vehicle
Type 85 Armoured Vehicle With Anti-Tank Guided
Missile
Research Analyst (Waterlooville) Limited Commercial-in-Confidence
James C O’Halloran
jim.ohalloran@ntlworld.com
www.defence-analyst.co.uk
Reg. No. 05006630
Artillery Pieces
NAME TYPE OF WEAPON INFORMATION
M-1974 152 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1975 130 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1977 122 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1978 170 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1981 122 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1985 152 mm
M-1989 170 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1991 122 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1992 120 mm Self-propelled Gun
M-1992 130 mm Self-propelled Gun

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