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Report
24B1355-E0009
August 11, 2010
ESIA
Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
Bratsk Pulp Mill Rebuild Project
Ilim Group
24B1355-E0009
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Copyright © Pöyry Finland Oy
Copyright © Pöyry Finland Oy
All rights are reserved. This document or any part thereof may not be copied or
reproduced without permission in writing from Pöyry Finland Oy
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Copyright © Pöyry Finland Oy
Preface
This Environmental and Social Impact Assessment report for the Bratsk Pulp Mill
Rebuild Project has been prepared by Pöyry upon request by Ilim Group. The
information presented in the report originates primarily from the Russian Environmental
Impact Assessment (OVOS) work carried out in first half of year 2010. The OVOS
report was dated May 26, 2010. The company, Ilim Group, has provided additional
information, mainly related to baseline information including existing mill operations,
forestry operations, as well as environmental management and monitoring. Pöyry has
critically reviewed obtained information and has based on available data assessed the
impacts and consequences of proposed project.
As outlined above the original Russian EIA (OVOS) has constituted the main source
information for this report and references to the OVOS have been inserted where
specifically relevant only.
This Environmental and Social Impact Assessment report does not contain all pertinent
data. Not all data was existent or made available for Pöyry. Also, due to the time
constraints the visits to Bratsk Mill site were limited to those made during the OVOS
preparation.
A first version of the report was issued on June 18, 2010. Since that, additional
information specifically regarding baseline data was made available and the report has
been updated correspondingly.
Contact
Mårten Krogerus
Tel direct +358 10 33 22 569
P.O.Box 4 (Jaakonkatu 3)
FI-01621 Vantaa
Finland
Domicile Vantaa, Finland
Business ID. FI06259056
Tel. +358 10 3311
Fax +358 10 33 21818
www.poyry.com
Pöyry Finland Oy
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ABBREVIATIONS
ADt air (90%) dry ton
AAC annual allowed cut
AOX absorbable organic halides
BAT best available technique
BOD biological oxygen demand
C chlorine bleaching stage
CO carbon monoxide
COD chemical oxygen demand
CaCO3 calcium carbonate
CaO calcium oxide
Cl/Cl2 chlorine
ClO2 chlorine dioxide
CNCG concentrated non condensable gas
d day
D chlorine dioxide bleaching stage
DEoDD four stage bleaching sequence, D is chlorine dioxide, EO is alkaline extraction
DNCG diluted non condensable gas
DS dry solids
ECF elemental chlorine free
ESP electrostatic precipitator
FCS forest stewardship council
g gram
Gcal gigacalories
h hour
H2O2 hydrogen peroxide
H2SO4 sulphuric acid
HW hardwood
IFC international finance corporation (member of World Bank Group)
IPPC integrated pollution prevention and control (EU)
kg kilogram
kPa kilo Pascal
l litre
m metre
mm millimetre
mg milligram
m3 cubic metre
m3s cubic metre solid
MgSO4 magnesium sulphate
MPa megapascal
MW megawatt
NaClO3 sodium chlorate
NaHSO3 sodium bisulphite
NaOH sodium hydroxide
NBSK northern bleached softwood kraft pulp
NH4-N ammonia nitrogen
NO2-N nitrogen nitrite
NO3-N nitrogen nitrate
NOX nitrogen oxides
Nm3/h normal cubic meter (gases) per hour
O2 oxygen
OJSC open joint stock company
PO4-P phosphates
SCAN Scandinavian pulp, paper & board testing committee, standard
SO2 sulphur dioxide
sub solid under bark
SW softwood
t ton
TCF totally chlorine free
TRS total reduced sulphur
TSS total suspended solids
V-% volume percent
VSA vacuum swing adsorption
WLP white liquor plant
% ISO brightness of pulp, SCAN-P 3:93, ISO 2410
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Preface
Contents
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
2 INTRODUCTION 11
2.1 Background and History of the Project 11
2.2 Project Proponent 11
2.3 Project Rationale 11
2.4 Overview of the Project 12
2.5 Environmental Objectives of the Proposal 13
2.5.1 Environmental Objectives 13
2.5.2 Economic Objectives 13
2.5.3 Social Objective 13
3 STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 14
4 PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND ENGAGEMENT 17
4.1 General 17
4.2 Public Hearings of the Project 17
4.3 Discussion of Public Hearings issues 18
4.4 Community Informing about the Project 20
4.5 Future Actions 21
5 DESCRIPTION OF EXISTING MILL AND FORESTRY OPERATIONS 22
5.1 Existing Mill Production, Equipment and Operations Summary 22
5.1.1 Location Setting 22
5.1.2 Industrial Site 24
5.1.3 Existing Pulp Mill Production 25
5.1.4 Woodhandling 25
5.1.5 Pulp and Board Production 25
5.1.6 Chemicals Recovery 27
5.1.7 Chemical Plant 29
5.1.8 By-Production 29
5.1.9 Pulp Mill Power Production 30
5.1.10 Freshwater Use 30
5.1.11 Wastewater Treatment 33
5.2 Existing Forestry Operations Summary 39
5.3 Existing Traffic and Transport Arrangements 41
5.4 Existing Environmental & Social Management 42
5.4.1 Compliance with Statutory Requirements 42
5.4.2 Labour 42
5.4.3 Environmental, Health and Safety Management System 42
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5.4.4 Community Consultation and Engagement 44
5.4.5 Process for Managing Community Concerns 44
5.4.6 Continuous Improvement 44
5.5 Environmental Monitoring 44
5.5.1 Waste Water Monitoring 44
5.5.2 Monitoring Water Quality in Receiving Water Bodies 45
5.5.3 Air Emissions Monitoring 48
5.5.4 Ambient Air Monitoring 48
5.5.5 Odour Monitoring 52
5.5.6 Noise Monitoring 52
5.5.7 Soil and Groundwater Monitoring 52
5.5.8 Waste Management 52
5.6 Environmental Performance of the Existing Mill 53
6 ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL BASELINE 56
6.1 Overview of the Area around the Mill Site 56
6.2 Overview of the Pulp Mill Site Environment 56
6.2.1 Climate 56
6.2.2 Air Pollution 58
6.2.3 Soil and Groundwater 59
6.2.4 Overview of the Aquatic Environment 60
6.2.5 River Setting and Hydrology 61
6.2.6 Existing Water Quality 65
6.2.7 Existing Sediment Quality 71
6.2.8 Fish Community 71
6.2.9 Aquatic Invertebrates 74
6.2.10 Contaminants in Aquatic Biota 74
6.3 Overview of the Social Setting 74
6.3.1 Community 74
6.3.2 Socio-Economic Conditions 75
7 DESCRIPTION OF THE FUTURE BRATSK MILL 77
7.1 The Future Pulp Mill 77
7.1.1 Woodhandling 78
7.1.2 Pulp Mill 1 & Pulp Mill 2 79
7.1.3 Pulp Drying 83
7.1.4 Chemical Recovery 83
7.1.5 Power Plant 86
7.1.6 Chemical Plant 87
7.1.7 Water Emission Control Techniques 88
7.1.8 Air Emission Control Technologies 89
7.1.9 Water Supply 90
7.1.10 Wastewater Treatment 91
7.1.11 Chemical Storage and Usage 92
7.1.12 Maintenance of Remaining Facilities 93
7.2 Future Wood Supply 93
7.3 BAT Analysis for the Future Pulp Mill 96
7.3.1 General 96
7.3.2 Air Emissions 96
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7.3.3 Wastewater Discharge 97
8 ALTERNATIVES TO THE PROPOSED EXPANSION OF THE BRATSK MILL 99
9 ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS 100
9.1 Methodology used 100
9.2 Forestry Operations 100
9.3 Impact on Flora and Fauna 100
9.4 Air Quality 101
9.4.1 Air Quality Methodology 101
9.4.2 Air Quality Impacts 101
9.5 Noise 103
9.5.1 Noise Methodology 103
9.5.2 Noise Impacts 103
9.6 Water Quality 103
9.6.1 Water Quality Methodology 103
9.6.2 Water Quality Impacts 103
9.7 Solid Waste 108
9.7.1 Landfill Development 109
9.7.2 Impacts of Solid Waste 109
9.8 Social and Economic Aspects 109
9.8.1 Social and Economic Impacts 109
9.8.2 Employment Impacts 109
9.8.3 Economic Impacts 110
9.8.4 Education and Training Programs 110
9.8.5 Traffic Impact 111
9.8.6 Conclusions 111
9.9 Energy Production and Use at the Mill 112
10 ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT 113
10.1 General 113
10.2 Fishery Restoration Program 113
10.3 Sanitary-protection Zone 113
11 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING 115
11.1 Environmental, Health and Safety Management System 115
11.2 Environmental Management Plans 115
11.3 Emergency Response 115
11.4 Environmental Monitoring 115
11.4.1 Water Quality Monitoring 115
11.4.2 Air Monitoring 116
11.4.3 Other Aspects Monitoring 116
References
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Annexes
ANNEX I The Bratsk Ilim Group Mill, site plan with reference points marked
ANNEX II IlimKhimProm Balance for Chemical Plant
ANNEX III Mill Process Overview
ANNEX IV Industrial Sewage and Wastewater Quality Monitoring Control Points at Bratsk Mill
ANNEX V Public Hearings minutes
ANNEX VI Water monitoring map
ANNEX VII Schedule of water monitoring 2010
ANNEX VIII Monthly averages of parameters measured in control points in year 2009.
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1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Ilim Group proposes to build a softwood pulp line on the existing Bratsk Mill site. The
Bratsk pulp mill historically produces about 700 000 market tons of pulp and linerboard.
In year 2009 the production was 732 400 tons. After the Bratsk pulp mill expansion the
total market pulp production rate will be close to 1 000 000 ADt/a. The main
components of project are:
− A new recovery boiler No 14 with 3000 t DS/d capacity.
− Rebuild recovery boiler No 12 to increase capacity to 1750 t DS/d
− New concentrators and pre-evaporators to provide 75% high solids liquor to recovery
boilers
− New woodyard to process 1 200 000 m3 /a softwood needed for the new fibreline.
− New fibreline to produce up to 655 000 ADt/a softwood pulp based on ECF
bleaching
− New pulp dryer for softwood pulp
− Two new chlorine dioxide plants to produce 30 t/d and 15 t/d
− New oxygen plant to produce 100 t/d.
− Upgrade of existing hardwood line with new oxygen delignification and new
bleaching sequence DEDED without use of elemental chlorine
The new recovery boiler No 14 will be started up before all other components to allow
rebuilding recovery boiler No 12 and other new units.
Equipment to be permanently shut down includes:
− Recovery boiler No 11
− Pulp mill 1 including digesters, pulp washing, screening and bleaching as well as
pulp dryers
− Linerboard machine will be retained for future use
Reconstruction of the existing manufacturing facilities and installation of a new
bleached softwood pulp line will involve implementation of technologies and
installation of equipment which result in reduction in consumption of natural and other
resources, adverse environmental impacts as well as emissions and discharges.
The planned reconstruction of the pulp manufacturing facility will facilitate reduction in
consumption of chemicals and hydrocarbon fuel used in bark and recovery boilers.
Installation of state-of-the-art gas treatment equipment for non-condensable gases
(NCG) in the new recovery boiler 14 will reduce TRS emissions.
The annual amount logs supplied to the mill will increase by 1.3 million m3. In general,
there is no additional impact to environment from forest operations expected due to
mainly using of existing supply channels and using proper forest management system
operation. Logs transports from harvesting areas to mill will increase by about 25%.
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The following table presents comparison of air emissions from the Bratsk Pulp Mill
after Rebuild with EU BREF, December 2001 and IFC-Guidelines.
Comparison of air emissions from the Bratsk Pulp Mill Rebuild with EU BREF
and IFC-Guidelines.
Pulp Mill After Rebuild EU BREF IFC-Guidelines
Dust, kg/ADt without lime kilns 0.19
Dust kg/ADt whole pulp mill 1.2 0.2 – 0.5 0.5
SO2 as S, kg/ADt 0.07 0.2 – 0.4 0.4
NOX, as NO2, kg/ADt 1.1 1.0 – 1.5
1.5 for hardwood
2.0 for softwood
TRS as S, kg/ADt 0.14 0.1 – 0.2 0.2
As shown by the table above the emissions of the upgraded mill will meet EU BREF
and IFC-Guidelines targets with the exception of dust for the whole pulp mill.
The final treated wastewater loads from the upgraded mill integrate are compared to the
guideline targets in the table below.
Comparison of final treated effluent loads to EU BREF and IFC-Guidelines.
Item Unit Present
situation- after
treatment to
Vikhoreva
River
Pulp mill
rebuild after
treatment to
Vikhoreva
River
EU BREF IFC-Guidelines
Flow rate m3/ADt
m3/ADt
215 (1
208 (2
107 (1
101 (2
30-50 (bl.)
50 (bl.)
pH 6-8 6-8 6-9
Suspended
solids
kg/ADt 1.3 (1 0.99 (1 0.6-1.5 1.5
BOD5 kg/ADt 1.2 (1 0.75 (1 0.3-1.5 1
COD kg/ADt 37.4 (1 23.3 (1 8-23 20
AOX kg/ADt 1.54 (3 0.20 (3 less than
0.25
0.25
Total nitrogen kg/ADt 0.26 (4 0.17 (4 0.1-0.25 0.2
Total
phosphorus
kg/ADt 0.007 (5 0.01 (5 0.01-0.03 0.03
1) Calculated based on the total wastewater load in the wastewater treatment plant and total market pulp
production. The total effect of wastewater contaminants from Irkutskenergo, Teplovodokanal and
fibreboard and plywood production is low compared with the pulp mill.
2) Based on wastewater flow rate from the pulp mill and related production departments.
3) Based on bleached pulp production.
4) The figure includes only ammonia, nitrate and nitrite nitrogen, not organically bound nitrogen.
5) The figure includes only phosphate phosphorus.
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The adopted technical solutions on the new and rebuild pulp mills will significantly
reduce water consumption and wastewater discharge amounts.
Even though the upgraded softwood pulp line has modern performance characteristics
fully complying with environmental guidelines, the existing operations which will
remain will not meet the modern targets in full resulting in total loads exceeding BAT
range for flow and COD in final treated wastewater.
Bratsk pulp mill discharges the wastewater to the Vikhoreva River. The potential
impact area includes the Vikhoreva River - Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay – Angara River – Ust
Ilimsk Reservoir water system.
In the pulp mill rebuild project, the specific wastewater discharge load will be decreased
significantly from present. However, as the production rate will increase in the future,
the total pollution load will not be reduced to the same extent. Table below shows the
present and future wastewater loads to Vikhoreva River.
Average treated wastewater discharge from the mill to Vikhoreva river.
Item Unit Treated wastewater discharge
Present After the mill
rebuild
Change in treated
effluent discharge
compared to the
present mill
Flow rate m3/d 417 800 270 085 -147 715 (-35 %)
Suspended solids t/d 2.5 2.5 0
BOD5 t/d 2.3 1.9 -0.4 (-17 %)
COD t/d 72.7 59.0 -13.7 (-19 %)
AOX kg/d 1 964 505 -1459 (-74 %)
As the changes in total pollution loads to aquatic environment caused by pulp mill
rebuild are relatively small, generally it is not expected that the overall impacts on
aquatic organisms will change significantly. However, a major positive impact is the
reduction of chlorinated organic substances. Specifically persistent non-biodegradable
organic compounds will be reduced considerably through the change of bleaching
technology (from elemental chlorine to chlorine dioxide). The rate of accumulation of
these compounds in aquatic organisms can be expected to gradually reduce.
In conclusion, after pulp mill rebuild, significant changes in local impact on the flora
and fauna are not expected. Adaptation of modern production technology will
significantly reduce the generation of chlorinated organic matter into effluent which is
considered to have a major positive impact on aquatic environment. Impacts on land,
fauna and flora from construction activity will primarily be confined to the industrial
site.
In general the environmental loading caused by the treated mill effluent in the
Vikhoreva River - Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay – Angara River – Ust Ilimsk Reservoir water
system will decrease. The impacts will be most obvious close to mill effluent discharge
point, and then gradually diminish as the river approaches Angara and likely marginal
or non-measurable in Angara River and Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir.
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The emissions to air will increase after pulp mill rebuild by 8-50% with the exception of
Total Reduced Sulphur that will decrease by almost 50%. The amount of NOx is
estimated to increase by 50% compared to present situation. The increase in air
emission is related to the increase of pulp production rate. Although the new production
units are more efficient with lower specific emissions, total amounts are slightly higher
(average 15%).
As the present gross air emission loads from Bratsk pulp mill represent only 5% of total
air emissions in the Bratsk area, the overall increase in gross air emissions in Bratsk
area is 0.8%. The reduction in total reduced sulphur emissions will likely be a notable
positive impact for residents of Bratsk city with surroundings.
The total solid waste will increase slightly as a result of increased production.
Wastewater treatment sludge will continue to be stored in the existing sludge ponds.
The mill is actively seeking for solutions to minimize waste generation and amounts of
solids disposed of in landfill and storage areas.
The mill Bratsk Mill rebuild project is expected to improve the already positive socio
economic impacts of Bratsk Mill. The creation of a larger market for pulpwood will
create significant new business opportunities and improve Russia’s balance of trade
through greater exports of softwood market pulp.
In conclusion, no significant new environmental risks are considered to be associated
with the proposed project.
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2 INTRODUCTION
2.1 Background and History of the Project
The Bratsk Pulp and Board Mill owned by OJSC Ilim Group (later Ilim Group Bratsk
Mill) is situated in Russian Federation, the Irkutsk Oblast and about 5 km from the City
of Bratsk.
Bratsk Pulp and Board Mill started-up in 1965 in two stages: the first stage in 1965 –
1967; and the second stage, Pulp Mill 2 (PM-2) in 1972 – 1975. Bratsk Mill was
founded as part of Bratsk Wood Industrial Complex based on the large timberland
resources available in Priangarye region. The Complex would ensure full wood
processing cycle from wood sawing to production of kraft pulp and market board.
The Bratsk Pulp and Board Mill produces bleached softwood and hardwood kraft pulp
for paper and board for flat layers of corrugated board. The Ilim Group aim at
increasing pulp production of Bratsk Mill from the current 700 000 t/a to 1 000 000 t/a
as a result of the mill rebuild. The planned rebuild and expansion is described in more
detail in Chapter 2.4.
2.2 Project Proponent
Ilim Group is the leader of the Russian pulp and paper industry in terms of output
volume, financial stability, corporate governance efficiency and technology.
The Company’s business assets located in the Leningrad, Arkhangelsk and Irkutsk
Oblasts are the largest mills in the Russian forest products industry accounting for more
than 65% of the total pulp production in Russia and over 25% of the Russian board
production. The total annual pulp and paper production volume of the Company is more
than 2.3 million tons.
Ilim Group employs over 20 000 people. Ilim Group’s priorities include customer
needs, advantaged technologies, effectiveness, people development, reduction of
environmental impact, industrial safety, social responsibility and shareholder returns.
2.3 Project Rationale
First key of the project is financial - production increase. Ilim Group is amongst the
biggest supplier in the world of long fibre products (NBSK and KLB) to China. China is
Ilim Group’s largest single market. In 2009 Ilim Group sold more than 1 million tons of
products to China. Both market pulp and the Chinese market are strategic for Ilim. The
Ilim Group Strategy for its Siberian operations is to expand pulp production for China.
Ilim has potential to be low 1st quartile in cost delivered to China as does the Bratsk
Mill after implementation of the project. This idea defines second key of the project –
more effective usage of natural resources (wood and water), chemicals and energy
Ilim Group is an environmentally responsible company, with care for the environment
being one of its core priorities. This Ilim Group policy requires implementation of the
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state-of-the-art technologies for main processes and additional environmental measures
for ensure minimization of the impact to air, water, flora and fauna, community and
employee health and safety. This is third key of the project.
2.4 Overview of the Project
Ilim Group proposes to build the world’s largest single NBSK pulp line on the existing
Bratsk Mill site. The project will be transformational for the Bratsk Mill and Ilim Group
in that it will dramatically improve the Bratsk Mill’s production, financial and
environmental performances.
The Bratsk mill historically produces about 700 000 market tons of pulp and linerboard.
The 2009 production was a record 732 000 tons. The recommended Ilim Group business
plan development case for the Bratsk manufacturing facility includes an expanded total
market pulp production rate of 1 000 000 ADt/a. While the mill capacity increases 36%
as a result of the project, the mill will be less complex due to focusing the mill on pulp
production and closing down the operations in Pulp Mill 1. The project will improve the
environmental performance of the Mill resulting in both lower total emissions and
emissions that are in compliance with expected permit levels.
The main components of project are:
− New Recovery Boiler 14 with capacity of 3000 t DS/day
− Rebuild Recovery Boiler 12 as regulation requires restoring to 1750 t DS/day
capacity.
− New Concentrators and Pre-evaporators to provide 75% high solids liquor to RB14
and RB12
− New Woodyard to process 1 200 000 m3/a softwood needed for the New Fibreline.
− New Fibreline to produce up to 655 000 ADt/a softwood pulp.
− New Pulp Dryer for softwood pulp
− Two new Chlorine Dioxide Plants to produce 30 t/d and 15 t/d
− New Oxygen Plant to produce 100 t/d
− Upgrade of existing hardwood line, including new Oxygen Delignification and new
bleaching sequence DE(Wash)DED
Start up of the new RB14 will be before all other components to allow rebuilding RB12
prior to the start up of the remainder of the project. A detailed project development and
implementation schedule has been prepared and is available.
Equipment to be shut down:
− Recovery boiler 11
− Pulp mill 1: Batch Digesters, all pulp washing, screening and bleaching equipment
and pulp dryers
The estimated cost of the mill rebuild project is $666 million. A detailed description of
the future mill is provided in chapter 7.
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2.5 Environmental Objectives of the Proposal
Although the primary objectives are strategic and economical, Ilim Group considers the
environmental and social objectives of the project specifically important.
2.5.1 Environmental Objectives
Ilim company policy states following:
Continued economic growth requires we increase our output. At the same time our
objective is to minimize the impact our mills make on the environment while increasing
our capacities. We understand that only by making continuous improvement will we be
able to preserve the environment for the generations to come.
This statement is one of key principles of the Environmental, Health and Safety Policy
of Ilim Group. The project supports the general environmental objectives by:
− Reduction of air emissions through implementation of new processes and shutting
down of out-of-date equipment
− Minimization specific wood consumption through implementation of hi-yield lowloss pulping technology
− Reduction of impact on aquatic flora and fauna through decreasing of discharge
water volumes and contaminants
2.5.2 Economic Objectives
The project supports the economic objectives by:
− Returning Ilim Group to leading position on Chinese softwood pulp market
− Placing the mill into the 25% of the world best performing mills with regard to
wood, chemical and power consumption parameters
2.5.3 Social Objective
Limit any adverse impacts on employees and community of the region. In order to
achieve this social objective the following would occur:
− Continue to develop training opportunities particularly for the employees and the
local community
− Continue to discuss all possible positive effects of the mill development with the
regional authorities, community and related neighboring business
− Minimize adverse impact of traffic on the local community and road network.
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3 STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
The Bratsk pulp mill, as a Russian enterprise utilizing natural resources, is required to
follow all relevant Russian laws and regulations. These laws and regulations may be:
federal, regional, or local; however, all environmental related activities of the mill are
regulated by Federal laws About protection of environment and all related laws.
A core principle of the legislation states that each company should compensate for the
impacts it causes. The regional subsidiaries of the Federal permitting authorities
approve the permits for 5-9 years depending on the specific permit in question (Draft of
Maximum Permitted Discharges, Draft of Maximum Permitted Emissions etc). Every
year the mill is required to prepare and approve annual limits separately for air, solid
waste, water intake and wastewater discharge.
An emission fee will be calculated and paid by the mill based comparison of annual
emission monitoring results and against current emission limits. The calculation formula
for environmental fees includes different coefficients depending on parameter and its
impact to the environmental, as well as if the emission is below or above approved
norms and limits. The main goal of the Russian environmental legislative system can be
described as to motivate the owner (the mill) to continuously reduce negative impacts
on the environment.
Prior to 2011, Russian regulations provide the possibility if a parameter could not be
achieved by the mill, the regulating authority could grant a temporary limit which is
higher than the standard norm. All environmental fees were subsequently calculated
taking in account the temporary limits.
− For emissions at or below norms the factor will be 1.
− For discharge (or emission of one particular substance or other parameter) above
norms but below the temporary approved limits the factor will be 5.
− For parameter above the temporary limits the factor will be 25.
The rationale was that the mill applied for temporary limit should provide programs and
plans to achieve emissions at or below the norm.
The Russian government has a plan to eliminate temporary limits for all enterprises
starting in 2011. The Bratsk mill currently has no temporary limits for waste water
discharges. In case of exceeding of any amount of a regulated emission, a coefficient 25
will be applied for calculation of the fee. The mill has Draft of Maximum Permitted
Discharges for period 2010-2015 approved by regulating authority. The Draft proposes
that mill’s discharges by the 2015 will provide concentrations of all controlling
pollutants on Angara River control point to be not higher then regulated norms. The
Draft defines a program that is primarily based on the Bratsk mill rebuild project
environmental measures.
Currently the Bratsk mill has three approved temporary limits for air emissions in 2010:
for methylmercaptane, hydrogen sulphide and sodium hydroxide. There will be no
temporary limits for air emissions of Bratsk mill in 2011.
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The Bratsk mill is the owner and operator of waste water facilities as well as water
intake station. Therefore all production facilities and operators on the site who generate
wastewaters and consume fresh water have contracts with Ilim Group. The mill
develops and approves the permits and limits taking in account data for all contracted
companies.
List of current permitting documents is in Table 3-1
TABLE 3-1
List of current permits.
# Title of license, permission License Issued By License No.
License/Permit Issuing
Authority
License
Validity Period
1
Resolution on provision of a
water body for the use
(wastewater discharge)
The Bratsk Mill of
OJSC Ilim Group
of January
16, 2009,
No. 3800.00.00.00
0-Р-РСВХ-
С-2009-
00166/00
Minister of the Forestry for
the Irkutsk Oblast by 1/20/2014
2
License for activity in the
sphere of hydrometeorology
and related areas
The Bratsk Mill of
OJSC Ilim Group
Р/2007/014
2/100/Л
Federal Service for
Hydrometeorology and
Environmental Monitoring
by 9/3/2012
3
License for activity related to
collection, usage, deactivation,
transportation and allocation of
hazardous wastes
OJSC Ilim Group ОТ-00-010392 (00)
Federal Service for
Environmental, Technical
and Nuclear Supervision
by 10/21/2012
4
Permit for discharge of
pollutants into the environment
(water bodies)
The Bratsk Mill of
OJSC Ilim Group 65
Pribaikalsky Office of the
Federal Service for
Environmental, Technical
and Nuclear Supervision
by 4/7/2011
5
Permit for emission of
hazardous (polluting)
substances in the atmospheric
air
The Bratsk Mill of
OJSC Ilim Group. ЭН-517
Pribaikalsky Office of the
Federal Service for
Environmental, Technical
and Nuclear Supervision
by 12/31/2010
6
Document approving draft
standards for waste generation
and storage limits
Bratsk Mill of
OJSC Ilim Group ООС-173
Pribaikalsky Office of the
Federal Service for
Environmental, Technical
and Nuclear Supervision
by 10/29/2012
7 Water Use Contract Bratsk Mill of OJSC Ilim Group
38-
00.00.00.00
0-Х-ДХВО-
Т-2008-
00136/00 of
September
19, 2008.
Enisey Water Catchment
Area Office of Federal
Water Resource Agency
by 9/19/2013
All the projects in Russia including new mills, rebuild or expansion should be reviewed
and approved by state authorities based on law and other regulations. To apply to
expertise and approval for construction works the mill should send set of project
documentation to relevant authority. The project documentation for this project is now
being prepared. The plan is to apply for permits on September 1st 2010. All the vendors
will supply the permits for usage of their equipment inside Russia that will be needed to
start-up.
Russian regulations classify all water bodies in three main categories by requirements
for water quality:
− Water bodies of drinking and household importance. The body can be used as a
source of water for drinking and householding for habitants and for food industry.
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− Water bodies of community importance. The body can be used for swimming, sport
or recreation. Such requirements are set for all parties of water bodies inside boards
of settlements.
− Water bodies of fishing importance. The body is used for living, spawning, migration
of fish and other water organisms.
Requirements for each of water body importance category include norms (permissible
concentrations of pollutants and other parameters) that provide maintaining of human
health, safety water usage and environmental welfare of given water body.
Vikhoreva River is classified as water body with community importance.
Angara River including Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir is classified as water body with
fishing importance.
Maximum permissible concentrations for these water bodies are shown in Tables 6-10
and 6-11.
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4 PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND ENGAGEMENT
4.1 General
The public hearing of planned project are the main part of consultations with 
Community and are required by Russian regulations. The format is prescribed and must
be  carried out before applying for the state expertise of the project. Results from the 
hearings must be presented to expertise authority.
The prescribed Public hearing procedure is following:
− Owner (In case of Ilim the Bratsk Mill) gives an application to Mayor of the City of
Bratsk (Mayor)
− Mayor appoints the decision date of hearings. Date of hearings cannot be before one 
month from the moment of signing and publication of the decision of mayor.
− Ecology department of Mayor’s office (Mayor’s office) organizes public hearings.
− Mill provides to organizers of hearings materials describing planned activity and its
influence to environment. Mayors’ office distributes these materials to state and public
organizations, educational and scientific institutions and state authorities.
− The hearings are done after a certain period of time. The owner presents the materials.
− Results of hearings are made out with the report by Mayor’s office with all questions
and remarks documented.
− Report of public hearing is transferred to the owner.
4.2 Public Hearings of the Project
The hearings for the project were done in Bratsk 10.11.2009. They were organized and 
conducted by administration of Bratsk city. There were 270 participants registered.
Main stakeholders represented in the hearings were:
− Representatives of local authorities
− Community organizations such as Irkutsk Region Community Organization Initiative
− Environmental group EcoCentre
− Local institutes including Sib NII CBK (Siberian Science and Research Institute of 
Pulp and Board)  and Bratsk State University and Baikal State University of 
Economics and Law
− Bratsk citizens.
The project was described by Ilim Group with support of SibGiprobum (developer of 
the Declaration of Intends).
The decision of the hearing was to support presented project giving following main
recommendation for taking in account during project development:
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− To choose the modern cleaning equipment for exhaust and vent gases
− To implement chemical treatment of waste water
− To maintain air monitoring process in the city of Bratsk with providing results to
relevant authorities
− To invite local contractors for tenders of construction and other work related with the 
project
− To continue observing of existing social-economic agreements between Ilim Group 
and Irkutsk region and Bratsk city authorities related to financing of children health 
programs
− To continue financing of fishery restoration program.
Report of the Public Hearing can be found in Annex V.
Each quarter status report for all the issues is presented to Bratsk Duma by the mill
management.
Detailed discussion about each of issues raised at the Public Hearing and how Ilim
Group respond to them is provided in Section 4.2.
4.3 Discussion of Public Hearings issues
Issue A: In the declaration (Declaration of Intent) and further in the project to choose
highly effective gas and dust cleaning equipment that allows not to exceed maximum
permissible concentration on a border of sanitary – protective zone of the Branch.
All contracts for new equipment supply for the Bratsk mill rebuild project include BATlevel requirements to gas cleaning units. Shutdown of Pulp Mill 1 equipment eliminates
33 sources of air emissions. New facilities bring 7 new sources that will be far from the
residential area (more than 500 m).
Calculations during OVOS development show ground level concentrations of two
pollutants will still exceed Maximum permissible concentration on a border of sanitary
– protective zone: Hydrogen sulfide and Methylmercaptan. Amount of
Methylmercaptan emission according to OVOS forecast after the project
implementation will be decreased in 2.9 times due to switching to new cooking and
evaporation equipment. Main source of Hydrogen sulfide (now and after the project) is
sludge pounds. The OVOS calculations were based on 2008 baseline data. In 2010 the
mill is providing air emissions sources survey. With the survey results new calculations
will be done for air emission permits for 2011.
Taking in account some small process changes and environmental measures, sludge
pond #1 recultivation done for last years, preliminary forecast shows that after the
project implementation all ground level concentrations will meet required norms.
Issue B: In the declaration and further in the project it is necessary to provide a stage of
chemical treatment of effluents on existing Wastewater Treatment Facilities.
Stage of chemical treatment is included in the mill rebuild project scope (usage of
flocculants with following sedimentation).
The collectors and flows which will be subjected to chemical treatment are determined.
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Issues C and D: To perform the schedule of the environmental measures with the terms
of their implementation before the new capacities are put into operation.
The discussed environmental measures include:
− Local treatment stage on waste water collector from wood yard and 3rd Party plywood plant (dissolved air flotation clarifier)
− Chemical treatment of effluents (see discussion of Issue B)
− Sludge dewatering (pressing of waste water treatment sludge for following
utilization)
− Oxygen delignification on existing Hardwood fiber line
− Incineration of non-condensable gases
All the environmental measures are incorporated in the project scope or normal mill
maintenance capital and will be finished before or at once with the new production
capacities.
Issue E: To provide in the declaration and further in the project financial assets for
landscaping of a sanitary - protective zone.
Landscaping of a sanitary - protective zone is stipulated by the project and is financed
by mill operating expenses. For the period since 2001 and till 2009 Bratsk mill spent
more than RUR 7.4 mln. on sanitary - protective zone landscaping. 2010 mill budget
includes RUR 500 thousand for the sanitary - protective zone landscaping.
According to Russian regulations, after implementation of the project the mill will start
development of the new project of a sanitary - protective zone. The basic calculations of
the borders of sanitary - protective zone carried out on the basis of annual, multiplefactor natural measurements.
Issue F: To carry out an effective control over the condition of the air environment on
the Branch sanitary - protective zone border with granting the information due to the
established order.
The mill industrial-ecological lab samples atmospheric air on the border of the sanitary protective zone according to the established schedule coordinated with the territorial
department of Rospotrebnadzor and performs the results of the measurements to this
authority.
The mill reacts on all the citizens’ calls. The mobile lab move to the unplanned
measurements and in case if the facts of the maximum permissible concentration excess
are confirmed the information is transferred to the mill production management to take
efficient measures. According to the mill data, more than 90% of citizens’ calls are false
calls meaning that the measured concentration did not exceed the maximum permissible
concentration.
Issue G: When choosing the contractors for the Bratsk branch of OJSC Ilim Group
technical development, to engage the companies which are situated and registered on
the territory of Bratsk city (not less than a year till the day of the bid) on the condition
to comply with all necessary demands set in the tender offer under otherwise equal
conditions.
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Bratsk companies that have capability and work experience at the pulp production and
energy objects are assessed and considered by Ilim Group as bidders for all kind of
project related works such as design, soil investigation, concrete and building
constructions study, construction, erection and others. The tender process is defined by
Russian legislation and internal Ilim Group procedures. Ilim Group has taken the
additional measure of requesting of Major’s office to inform Ilim Group of any local
contractors that felt excluded. These contractors would be reviewed for suitability
against appropriate metrics.
Issue H: To include the assets not less than in 2008 inclusive of inflation factor for UstIlimsk sea fish resources restoration into the environmental measures included into the
Declaration of Intent.
The program of compensation for harm caused by the activity of the mill to Ust-Ilimsk
water reservoir resources is developed and approved by Angara-Baikal territorial
department of Russian Federal Fisheries Agency.
According to the program the size of the caused harm is determined and FGU
Gosribcentre has developed the project of Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir stocking of fish.
In 2010 Bratsk mill concluded the contract with LLC NIEP Riborazvedenie to perform
fish-rearing and ameliorative works in Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir for RUR 3 million.
For the sum of the first payment peled caviar is purchased and incubated.
Issue I: To provide financing from the charity funds of health improving measures for
the children suffering from bronchial allergy and atopic eczema.
Such kind of charitable programs are financed through the IlimGarant charity fund. The
funds target’s include: education, medicine and health services, culture and art, ecology,
children and amateur sport, aid to orphans and children left without parents’
guardianship, aid to disabled persons and handicapped children, support of the not
sufficiently provided persons and society common development. The fund’s board of
guardians includes representatives of Ilim Group and Bratsk city authorities. An annual
plan of support is developed each year. The annual plan will be developed for 2011 with
full consideration of input of its Board of Guardians.
4.4 Community Informing about the Project
Community informing process about Bratsk mill rebuild project started in autumn 2009.
CEO of Ilim Group Paul Herbert presented plans to implement the Bratsk project at;
Saint-Petersburg International Forest Forum (October 2009), Adam Smith’s Conference
Pulp and Paper Industry of Russia and CIS (November 2009), and Ilim’s Bi-annual
China Customer Forum in China (October 2009).
Ilim Group’s Information and Public Relations Department published several interviews
and comments of the company management about the investment plans and the project
parameters in Irkutsk regional and specialized industrial press. Public hearing materials
were published in local Bratsk newspapers.
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After approval of the project by Ilim Group’s Board of Directors on 07.04.2010, official
press release was announced.
The meeting between Irkutsk Region Governor Dmitriy Mezentsev and Ilim Group
management took place in Irkutsk city in April 2010. All project parameters and
expected impact on region development were presented. As result of the meeting, a
joint work team for the project monitoring was created including representatives of
Region Administration and Ilim Group management. Participants of the meeting
answered regional journalists’ questions during press conference.
Bratsk informational agency SibInform organized on its web site http://sibinform.com
collection of questions from the city habitants. Answers were published in Bratsk
newspaper Bratskiy Lesokhimik in the form of an interview of Bratsk industrial site
director Vladimir Batischev in Irkutsk regional newspapers during May – June 2010.
Answers are also available on SibInform site.
Metso, a major equipment supplier for the Bratsk project, held a press conference
during the international exhibition PulPaper 2010 in Helsinki in June 2010. A joint press
conference was held with media representatives.
Ilim Group management met Bratsk city Major in Bratsk June 18th, 2010. Detailed
discussion about expected social, environmental and economical project impacts on the
city took place. Results of the meeting were presented on briefing for media. Project
team members were presented to the mill personnel on meeting with Ilim Group
management the same day also. During the meeting employees had possibility to talk
directly to project team members and managers.
The project presentation for International Baikal Economic Forum that will be held in
Irkutsk from 7th to 10th of September is being prepared.
4.5 Future Actions
In order to facilitate continued two way communication with the public stakeholders on
the Bratsk Project Status, Ilim Group will set up a Community Advisory Council for the
Bratsk Mill. The Council will be composed of Bratsk Mill Leaders, Bratsk Community
Leaders, and a facilitator. The Members of the Council will be defined in Q3, 2010.
The Council will meet quarterly beginning in Q4, 2010. The Council will have public
meetings quarterly beginning in Q4, 2010 Meetings will be convened and conducted by
the facilitator. The administrative functions will be arranged by the facilitator.
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5 DESCRIPTION OF EXISTING MILL AND FORESTRY OPERATIONS
5.1 Existing Mill Production, Equipment and Operations Summary
5.1.1 Location Setting
The Bratsk Mill is located on the bank of the Bratsk water reservoir (Angara River),
about 800 km from Lake Baikal. The Angara is the only river flowing out of Lake
Baikal. From Lake Baikal Angara River flows northwest and joins the Yenisei River
which discharges into the Arctic Ocean.
Bratsk is a big industrial city in Irkutsk region of Eastern Siberia. Location of the mill is
shown in Figure 5/1.
FIGURE 5/1
Project location in Russia. /3/
The pulp mill is located adjacent to the city of Bratsk. Distance to city centre is about 5
km.
Project location
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In the Bratsk area there are many metallurgy, wood processing and chemical industry
operations. From an environmental point of view the most significant are the following:
− Bratsk Aluminium Plant RUSAL Bratsk
− Bratsk Ferroalloy Plant
− Bratsk Pulp Mill (IlimGroup)
− Power Plant (TPP 6, IrkutskEnergo)
Pulp mill, chemical plant and effluent treatment plant locations are shown in Figure 5/2.
FIGURE 5/2
Mill site location in Bratsk. M 1:25 000.
City of Bratsk
Pulp Mill Chemical Plant
Effluent Treatment of
Pulp Mill
Aluminium Smelter
RUSAL
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5.1.2 Industrial Site
The existing Bratsk pulp mill is the main industrial complex on the site and consists of
the following main departments:
− Woodhandling
− Pulp Mill 1: liner board and softwood bleached pulp lines
− Pulp Mill 2: hardwood bleached pulp line
− Evaporation
− Recausticizing
− Power Plant
− Wastewater Treatment
In addition to the Bratsk Pulp Mill some other companies have their facilities at the
industrial site.
− Wood Port. Wood Port provides receiving, storage and supply of round wood to the
pulp mill and third party’s Wood Treatment Plant. A part of saw logs is sold to
external customers. Wood Port is owned by Ilim Group.
− Wood Treatment Plant. The plant produces annually about 40 million m2 of fibre
board and 140 000 m3 of plywood.
− Saw Mill. LLC Bratsk Saw Mill is no longer in operation.
− Chemical Plant. (ZAO IlimKhimProm) The plant is owned by Ilim Group and
produces chemicals mainly for Ilim Group’s Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk pulp mills. Main
facilities are chlorine-alkali plant that produces chlorine and caustic, hypochlorite
(which is used on Bratsk mill), chlorine dioxide plant and oxygen plant produces
gaseous oxygen. For details see Chemical Plant balance in Annex II.
− Workshop (LLC Bratsk Repair-Mechanical Plant) is owned by third party and
provides services for indoor repair of machines and equipment. It is one of Ilim
Group contractors for technical services.
− Power Plant (OAO IrkutskEnergo) The power plant, Thermo-Energy Station – 6,
produces steam and electricity for City of Bratsk and other energy consumers on
industrial site including Bratsk pulp mill. The power plant has 10 boilers using coal
as fuel and 5 turbines. Its installed capacity is 1500 Gcal/h of steam generation and
270 MWt of electricity.
In addition, an aluminium plant is located in Bratsk, approximately 10 km from pulp
mill site:
− Aluminium Plant Bratsk Aluminium Smelter (RUSAL) commissioned in 1966 is
one of the largest capacity smelters in the world. Its annual capacity exceeds 1
million tonnes of saleable aluminium.
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5.1.3 Existing Pulp Mill Production
Existing plant production figures are described in Table 5-1. See Annex III for mill
processes overview.
TABLE 5-1
Total pulp and board production 2008 and 2009.
2008 2009
ADt/a ADt/a
Pulp Mill 1
Softwood Pulp 207 000(1 230 000(2
Kraftliner 238 000(1 230 500(2
Unbleached pulp 9 500(1
Pulp Mill 2
Hardwood pulp 247 200(1 272 000(2
Total pulp production 700 500 732 500(2
1) Gibrobum Pöyry OVOS /1/
2) Ilim data /2/
5.1.4 Woodhandling
Woodhandling capacity in 2008 was 3 300 000 solid m3. Wood species utilized are
spruce, pine, larch, birch and aspen.
The amount of chips fed for cooking in 2008 was 3 330 000 solid m3, including;
− 2 956 000 solid m3 of own chips
− 374 000 solid m3 of purchased chips (11 %)
The amount of bark and wood waste supplied for incineration from the open storage
area in 2008:
− Bark 410 000 t
− Wood waste 207 000 t.
5.1.5 Pulp and Board Production
Pulp Mill 1
Pulp Mill 1 includes:
− production of bleached market softwood pulp for paper
− production of high-yield pulp for board
− board production for liner
− production of unbleached market pulp.
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Softwood pulp is cooked in 28 batch digesters with the capacity 144 m3 each. Kappa
after cooking is 33 (30-36). Pulp is washed, screened, bleached and dried at two lines.
Pulp is bleached in accordance with the following pattern: C/D-E/O-H-D1-E-D2, where:
− C/D – bleaching stage with chlorine Cl2 and chlorine dioxide ClO2
− E/O – alkaline extraction and oxidation;
− H – hypochlorite bleaching
− D1 – 1st chlorine dioxide stage
− E – alkaline extraction
− D2 – 2nd chlorine dioxide stage
The target brightness level is 89 % ISO.
TABLE 5-2
Bleaching chemical consumptions for softwood line. Sources: 2008 /1/, 2010 /2/.
Bleaching 2008 kg/t
2010
kg/t
Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH 54 49
Chlorine, Cl2 53 50
Hypochlorite 24 23
Chlorine dioxide, ClO2 9.5 8.6
Sulphur Dioxide, SO2 4 4
Oxygen, O2 6.5 6.5
Current condition of the softwood line is unsatisfactory:
− There are no state-of-the-art facilities at pulp production
− conventional batch cooking in low-capacity digesters
− open screening at rotary screens with low concentrations
− six-stage bleaching which involves pulp washing between bleaching stages with
fresh water only
− extremely worn out and unreliable equipment used to clean bleached pulp
− Production process has two lines with low capacity equipment
− High wear and tear of core process equipment
− Adverse impact on the environment (large amount of contaminated wastewater and
emissions).
High-yield pulp is produced at two lines: one line is used to manufacture pulp for a
cover board layer and the other line is used to produce pulp for a main board layer. Pulp
is cooked in continuous digesters, washed in four-stage washing units and screened at
two stages.
Board is produced at Tampella board machine with the reel of 6 300 mm.
Production of unbleached market pulp with flash drier is part of Board Machine and is
designed to process softwood and hardwood screen waste and excessive high-yield
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pulp. The plant was started up in 1982 and its maximum capacity is 280 t/d of
unbleached pulp. Since 2009 flash drier has not been in use.
Pulp Mill 2
Hardwood pulp is cooked in Kamyr continuous digesters. Cooking kappa is 14-20. In
1984 the digester was reconstructed and its capacity was expanded to 1 490 m3. Pulp is
washed consequently in two two-stage washing units.
Bleaching is a single-flow six-stage process involving stock washing at Rauma-Repola
washers. Pulp is bleached in accordance with the following pattern: C/D-E1-H-D1-E2D2, where:
− C/D – bleaching stage with chlorine Cl2 and chlorine dioxide ClO2
− E1 and E2 is alkaline treatment
− H – hypochlorite bleaching
− D1 – 1st chlorine dioxide stage
− D2 – 2nd chlorine dioxide stage
Brightness level is 87 % ISO. Bleaching chemical consumptions for hardwood line are
shown in Table 5-3.
TABLE 5-3
Bleaching chemical consumptions for hardwood line. Sources: 2008 /1/, 2010 /2/.
Bleaching 2008 kg/t
2010
kg/t
Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH 20 17.5
Chlorine, Cl2 14 14
Hypochlorite 19 19
Chlorine dioxide, ClO2 9 8.5
Sulphur Dioxide, SO2 2 2
In 1996 unbleached and bleached pulp screening sections were upgraded. 2009 Ilim
replaced two vacuum filters with new ones for bleaching. Pulp is dried with RaumaRepola drier with the reel of 6 400 mm and working speed of 110 m/min with cylinder
drying.
5.1.6 Chemicals Recovery
Evaporation 1
Evaporation 1 has five evaporators to evaporate black liquor from Pulp Mill 1.
Black liquor from softwood bleached pulp production is evaporated at three vacuum
evaporators with the design capacity of 160 t/h of evaporated water each.
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Black liquor left from the high-yield pulping is evaporated at two vacuum evaporators
with the design capacity of 99 t/h of evaporated water. Black liquor is evaporated until it
is in the concentration of 53 %.
Non-Condensable Gases from the evaporators are fed for incineration to bark boiler.
Discharges from liquor tanks and ventilation emissions are exhausted to the air. Foul
condensate from the evaporators are fed to the odor control plant, catalytic oxidation
method is used.
The odor control plant for foul condensate is located in Evaporation 1 of Power plant 2
and ensures local treatment of a foul condensate flow at a rate of 600 m3/h. The plant
consists of a catalytic oxidation tank and clean condensate collection tank.
Local treatment of foul condensate allows to reduce discharges to the industrial
effluents treatment facilities as well as use clean condensate instead of filtered water to
wash sludge in the evaporation shop (washing of evaporators) and at the white liquor
plant. Excessive clean condensates are discharged.
Sulfate soap produce by sedimentation of black liquor is fed to the sulfate soap breakdown section in Evaporation 2.
Evaporation 2
There are two evaporators in Evaporation 2 to evaporate black liquors from Pulp Mill 2
(from bleached hardwood pulp production).
The design capacity of the evaporators is 220 t/h of evaporated water. Black liquor is
evaporated until it is in the concentration of 53 %.
In order to increase liquor concentration to 60% - 62% in 1993, two lamellar
concentrators with the capacity of 29 t/h of evaporated water each were started up.
Currently black liquors from Pulp Mill 1 are currently evaporated inn Evaporation 2 and
that ensure full load of the equipment.
Unclean condensate from the evaporators are fed to the odor control plant, catalytic
oxidation method is used. Clean condensates are discharged. Sulfate soap is fed to the
sulfate soap break-down section.
NCG from the evaporators and sulfate soap break down unit is fed for treatment a gas
wash columns. A steam-gas mixture from the washer hoods, strong liquor tanks,
concentrator condensate catchers, and fresh steam separator from the evaporator shell is
discharged to the air.
White Liquor Plant 1 & 2
Recaustisizing of green liquor in White liquor plant 1 takes place at two recaustisizing
plants including five recausticizing lines. Actual output of white liquor in WLP-1 is 2
000 – 2 700 m3/d. Lime is recovered in two rotating kilns with actual capacity of 120 t/d
of burnt lime each.
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Recaustisizing of green liquor in White liquor plant 2 takes place at two recaustisizing
plants including six recaustisizing lines. Production of white liquor in WLP-2 is 5 000
m3/d. Lime is recovered in two rotating kilns with actual capacity of 240 t/d of burnt
lime each.
Flue gases are cleaned with Venturi scrubbers.
Recovery Boilers
There are two recovery boilers RB11 and RB12, manufactured by Tampella, Finland.
The recovery boilers are used for black liquor incineration, chemicals recovery, and
steam generation for process purposes. The boilers are fueled and lit during liquor
burning by fuel oil.
5.1.7 Chemical Plant
Chlorine and Chlorine Dioxide Production
Chemical plant (ZAO IlimKhimProm) produces chlorine, chlorine dioxide, caustic,
sulfur dioxide, sodium chlorate and sulphuric acid in an electrolysis process. Production
process is presented in ANNEX II.
Main production figures are:
− Chlorine production
− design capacity 92 500 t/a
− actual capacity 66 200 t/a
− Chlorine dioxide
− design capacity 7 300 t/a
− actual capacity 5 200 t/a
Oxygen Plant
Oxygen Plant has three air-separation cryogenic units supplying oxygen for pulp
production.
Bleaching Chemicals
Sulfuric acid used for pulp bleaching is produced by two ways based on:
− Sulfur incineration in the rotating sulfur kiln;
− Production of gaseous sulfur dioxide by evaporating third-party sulfur dioxide.
Gaseous sulfur dioxide is supplied to absorption columns.
5.1.8 By-Production
There are following by-production facilities at the pulp mill:
− Tall oil rectification with maximum capacity of 37 200 t/a crude tall oil.
− Turpentine rectification with design capacity of the plant is 9 300 t/a turpentine.
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5.1.9 Pulp Mill Power Production
Power production facilities of the industrial site has own power sources in two power
plants (Power Plant 2 and 3) and boiler house unit which partially ensures steam and
power supply to the pulp mill. Additional thermal energy is purchased from the external
Irkutskenergo power plant.
Power plant 2:
− one boiler for bark and wood waste generation
− one turbine generator with the capacity of 6 MW
− three turbine generators with the capacity of 6 MW
− two turbine generators with the capacity of 6 MW
− some of the turbine generators are reserve generators.
Power Plant 3:
− two recovery boilers RB11 and RB12
− two turbine generators with the capacity of 6 MW
− two turbine generators with the capacity of 12 MW
The pulp mill generates about 93% of the mill’s own heat needs and about 23% of the
mill’s own electricity needs.
In addition, the pulp mill supplies steam and electricity to Chemical plant, Wood
Treatment Plant, Workshop and some other entities located on the site.
Remaining heat (7%) and electricity (77%) need of pulp mill and heat and electricity
transfer to third parties is covered by purchasing energy resources from IrkutskEnergo’s
ThermoPowerStation-6.
Heat is generated by own power sources in the amount of 3 370 000 Gcal/a (2008).
Own power generation amounts to 199 700 MW.
Demand for thermal heat is 4 770 000 Gcal/a (2008).
A new boiler for incineration of bark and wood waste was started up in April 2010.
Power plants and the boiler house are interconnected with steam lines 4.0 MPa, 1.3 MPa
and 0.6 MPa.
5.1.10 Freshwater Use
Water Treatment Facilities
The Bratsk Mill uses fresh water for process, domestic, and fire security purposes. Fresh
water is taken from the Bratsk Reservoir.
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The following types of fresh water are used:
− river water
− mechanically treated water
− cold- chemically treated water
− warm- chemically treated water.
There are two water treatment facilities at the mill:
− water treatment plant 1
− water treatment plant 2.
Water Intake
The water intake consists of two parallel water intake pipelines, with a capacity of 700
000 m3/d and 1 555 000 m3/d. Total water intake design capacity is 2 246 000 m3/d
corresponding to 820 million m3/a.
Water is passed through bar screens before pumps.
There are two parallel pumping stations; first pumping station 1 with the design
capacity of 700 000 m3/d and the second with design capacity 1 555 200 m3 per day.
Water Treatment Plants
Water is treated in two treatment plants; 1 and 2.
Water Treatment Plant 1:
− Mechanically treatment with 10 drums screens with the capacity 1 500 m3/hour each.
− Mechanically treated water tank with the volume of 2 400 m3
− The design capacity of the mechanically treated water line is 10 700 m3/hour.
− Mechanically treated water is treated in 33 contact flocculators and partially at six
high-capacity filters.
− Water is collected to three filtered water tanks with the total volume of 10 900 m3
− The design capacity of the filtered water line is 11 900 m3/hour.
− Warm mechanically treated water from thermal power plant is treated with eight
contact flocculators
− Warm chemically treated water is led to the filtered water tank with the volume of
3 260 m3
− The design capacity of the warm water treatment line is 3 240 m3/h.
− Domestic and drinking water is treated at 12 contact flocculators involving pre- and
post-chlorination.
− Water from the domestic and drinking water tank with the volume of 4 960 m3 is
supplied by the relevant pumps to the process areas of the industrial site and to
Bratsk.
− Fire water is stored in the domestic water tanks. The design capacity of the domestic
and drinking water treatment line is 7 000 m3/h.
− The water treatment plant capacities are 1.3 to 2 times higher than average
consumption.
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Water Treatment Plant 2:
− Mechanical treatment consists of screens installed in the water intake station 2.
Mechanically treated water is led to a 3 000 m3 tank, from where it is pumped to
consumption. The mechanically treated water line design capacity is 9 600 m3/h.
− Cold mechanically filtered water is treated with 48 contact flocculators, followed
with four filtered water tanks with the volume of 20 900 m3. The design capacity of
the filtered water line is 16 400 m3/h.
Water Consumption
Water consumption at the Bratsk industrial site is shown in Table 5-4. From the total
process water consumption 78 % was used in Bratsk pulp mill in year 2008.
TABLE 5-4
Present water consumption and permit values.
Present water consumption, million m3/a
Permit,
million m3/a
Total water intake from the Bratsk
Reservoir: 198 227
For process needs, total: 167 195
− Pulp mill 131
− Other industrial consumers 15.7
− Irkutskenergo power plant 17.3
− Cottage houses 0.1
− Aluminum production plant 3.1
Potable and domestic consumption
total: 31.2 32
− Pulp mill 6.6
− Other industrial consumers 1.3
− Municipality (City of Bratsk) 23.1
− Irkutskenergo power plant 0.2
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Water consumption for last 5 years is shown in the Figure 5/3.
Water consumption and pulp production 2005-2009
165841
168348
157315
154536
150976
754980
780270
776460
752800
784900
145000
150000
155000
160000
165000
170000
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Year
W
at er c on su m pt io n 10
00
m 3
750000
760000
770000
780000
790000
P
ul p pr od uc tio
n A
D
t/a
Water consumption
Pulp production
FIGURE 5/3
Water consumption figures and pulp production 2005-2009. /2/
5.1.11 Wastewater Treatment
Generation
The wastewater generated in the mill production departments and support facilities is
collected via a complex sewer network. Wastewater is carried by seven main sewers to a
central wastewater treatment plant comprising of primary and secondary treatment
steps. The wastewaters are fractionated to different sewers based on quality. Most of the
effluent streams with high solids content go to the primary wastewater treatment, but
most of the low solids streams from the mill pass directly to the secondary treatment.
In addition to process wastewater originating from the pulp mill operations the
wastewater treatment plant receives
− sanitary wastewater and storm water from the mill area
− process and sanitary wastewater from Wood Treatment Plant (wood fibreboard and
plywood production)
− process waste water from Chemical Plant (Ilimkhimprom)
− process and sanitary wastewater from Power Plant (Irkutskenergo)
− sanitary wastewater from Teplovodokanal (local water company)
The volume loading from these other sources is less than 7 % of the total.
The main collector sewers and in-mill sewers upstream are monitored at several points
with on-line instruments for e.g. pH, total alkalinity, suspended solids and even COD. In
addition the mill maintains a sampling and analysis program for the follow-up of
discharges from production and performance of the wastewater treatment plant.
Wastewater Treatment Plant
Some wastewater fractions pass a pre-treatment system to separate solids or floating
substances at production departments before discharge into a main collection sewer.
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The central wastewater treatment plant handles all the effluents from the mill and the
above-mentioned other sources. The plant comprises of primary (mechanical) and
secondary (biological) treatment to clean the effluent in order to meet the regulatory
effluent limits. The original treatment plant was built in 1964 and line 2 of the
biological treatment in 1975.
The wastewater treatment plant has within the last 11 years gone through some
upgrades related to aeration in the biological treatment plant, where old or broken
aerators have been replaced.
Figure 5/4 presents Bratsk Mill wastewater treatment.
FIGURE 5/4
Bratsk Mill wastewater treatment. /2/
The central wastewater treatment plant comprises of the following main process steps:
Primary Treatment, hydraulic design capacity 432 000 m3/d, with
− Screening
− Primary clarifiers
− total surface area m2 12560
− number of units 10
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Biological Treatment, line 1, hydraulic design capacity 420 000 m3/d, with
− Equalization basin
− volume m3 43 000
− Aeration basins
− total volume m3 85000
− number of units 10
− Pre-aeration basin for foul and concentrated effluent fractions from softwood
production
− volume m3 8 500
− number of units 1
− Submersible aeration system in the aeration basins
− type of aerators fine bubble (upgraded)
− Blowers for aeration
− total air flow capacity Nm3/h 168 000
− number of units pcs 8
− Secondary clarifiers
− total surface area m2 8792
− number of units 7
− Return and waste activated sludge collection and pumping
− Effluent pumping to polishing treatment
Biological Treatment, line 2, hydraulic design capacity 480 000 m3/d, with
− Equalization tank
− volume m3 53 000
− Aeration basin
− total aeration volume m3 105 000
− number of units 5
− Submersible aeration system in the aeration basins
− type of aerators fine bubble (upgraded)
− Blowers for aeration
− total air flow capacity Nm3/h 270 000
− number of units pcs 8
− Secondary clarifiers
− total surface area m2 16 328
− number of units 13
− Return and waste activated sludge collection and pumping
− Effluent pumping to polishing treatment
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Polishing Treatment with
− Pond 1, preceded with ejector aeration (installed in 1999)
− volume m3 1 100 000
− Pond 2
− volume m3 650 000
− Pond 3
− volume m3 950 000
− Rectangular settling tanks
− volume m3 950 000
− Rectangular settling tanks
− number of units pcs 7
− Circular settling tanks
− number of units pcs 6
− Sludge pumping station
Sludge Handling with
− Pumping station for sludge feed
− Sludge thickeners
− number of units pcs 2
− Sludge pond 1 (full, covered with a protective layer)
− volume m3 4 200 000
− Sludge pond 2
− volume m3 4 900 000
− Sludge pond 3
− volume m3 5 200 000
Chemicals Addition
− Alkaline effluents are neutralized with sulfuric acid. Standard dosing rate is 7.3 kg
per 1 000 m3 of effluents (3 070 kg/d).
− Ammonium phosphate with a standard dosing rate of 0.55 kg per 1 000 m3 of
effluents is fed as a nutrient (210 kg/d)
− Ammonia water with a standard dosing rate of 6.1 kg per 1 000 m3 of effluents as a
nutrient (2 560 kg/d)
All wastewater with high solids content passes the primary effluent treatment for
removal of suspended solids. After solids removal by the screens and clarifiers
wastewater passes to the biological treatment phase. The solids settled on the clarifier
floor are collected as sludge and pumped to sludge handling.
Wastewater with low solids content from the pulp lines goes directly to biological
treatment.
After wastewater pH adjustment with sulphuric acid and dosing of ammonia water and
ammonium phosphate as nutrients, the main part of biological treatment is carried out in
parallel treatment lines 1 and 2, which both use so-called activated sludge process.
Wastewater is first aerated in aeration basins with submersible aerators in order to
remove organic matter from effluent by biodegradation. The process generates biomass
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which is separated from aerated effluent by settling in secondary clarifiers. The most of
the settled sludge is recycled as return sludge to the beginning of aeration, but a small
part is removed as waste activated sludge and pumped to sludge handling.
Overflow from the secondary clarifiers is led to the polishing treatment, where
biological treatment continues by ejector aeration followed by three settling for further
removal of organic matter from waste water, followed by settling tanks. The resulting
biologically treated effluent is discharged via channels to the Vikhoreva River. The
sludge from the polishing step is partly pumped to sludge handling and partly
recirculated to polishing pond 1.
Sludge handling comprises of two sludge gravity thickeners followed by three sludge
storage ponds. The thickeners receive primary clarifier sludge, waste activated sludge as
well as waste sludge from the polishing step.
Sludge pond 1 is full and has been covered. Sludge ponds 2 and 3 receive the sludge
mixture from the thickeners and the chemical plant for storage. In addition green liquor
sludge is pumped there. The sludge thickens and compacts in the ponds in the course of
time Accumulated wastewater above the sludge bed and possible rainfall to the ponds is
collected and pumped to the wastewater treatment.
The current average performance of the wastewater treatment plant is presented in Table
5-5.
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TABLE 5-5
Average performance of the wastewater treatment plant in present situation.
Item Unit Before
primary
treatment
After
primary
treatment
To biological
treatment
After
biological
treatment
to Vikhoreva
River
Maximum
permitted
discharge
(present)
Temporary
effluent
permit
(present)
Flow rate m3/d
m3/ADt
m3/ADt
308 000 417 800 417 800
215 (*
208 (**
429 600
Suspended
solids
mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
183
59.0
60
18.5
85
35.6
6
2.5
1.3 (*
background
+ 0.75
6.79
BOD5 mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
150
62.7
5.5
2.3
1.2 (*
1.43
COD mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
503
210.3
174
72.7
37.4 (*
30 180
AOX mg/l
kg/d
kg/ADt
4.7
1964
1.54 (***
Nitrates mg/l
mg/l
as N
0.633
0.143
less than
45
Nitrites mg/l
mg/l
as N
0.05
0.015
less than
3.3
Ammonia
nitrogen
mg/l 0.96 less than
1.93
Phenols 0.41 0.014 0.001 0.015
*) Calculated based on the total wastewater load in the wastewater treatment plant and total market pulp
and linerboard production. The total effect of wastewater contaminants from Irkutskenergo,
Teplovodokanal and fibreboard, veneer and sawmill production is low compared with the pulp mill.
**) Based on wastewater flow rate from the pulp mill and related production departments.
***) Based on bleached pulp production.
In biological treatment BOD5 reduction is on average over 96 % and COD reduction
over 65 %. The plant has a temporary effluent permit for suspended solids and COD,
which allows higher discharge than that stated in the general regulatory permit.
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5.2 Existing Forestry Operations Summary
Presently, Bratsk pulp mill use 56 % of own wood and 44 % of wood supplied by third
parties.
Ilim Group has forestry management system according to Russian legislation
documents, Forest code and FSC-requirements.
Main forestry areas under lease:
− Bratskoye forestry
− Padunskoye forestry
− Balaganskoye forestry and
− Kuitunskoye forestry.
Main wood sources of wood flow from own harvesting operations are indicated on the
map in Figure 5/5.
FIGURE 5/5
Main wood sources of wood flow from own harvesting.
Ilim Group obtains FSC chain of custody and controlled wood certificate (see figure
below).
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FIGURE 5/6
FSC chain of custody and controlled wood certificate.
Ilim Group right now is in the process of reissuing FSC forest management certificate,
as it was issued initially for former divisions of Ilim Group (Ulil CJSC in Bratsk).
Coverage of the FSC certificate is 1.7 million hectares around Bratsk (total more than 5
million hectares for IlimGroup). All own wood supply is FSC certified wood.
Third party suppliers providing wood for the mill
Currently there are about 50 third party companies, which supply wood for Bratsk mill.
Areas where third parties operate are shown in the Figure 5/7.
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FIGURE 5/7
Areas where third party wood suppliers operate.
Third parties supply about 44% of the mill’s wood needs. Third-party suppliers do not
obtain FSC certificates. Due to the fact that Ilim Group obtains FSC certificate,
requirement level for the third-party supply wood is high. Supplier is required not only
to operate legally and legally harvest wood, but also to fit all ecological and social
standards of Russian legislation Code and Forest Code.
Ilim Group controls their operations through periodical audits.
5.3 Existing Traffic and Transport Arrangements
Railway is used for delivery of all chemicals and materials to the mill and shipping of
all market products made by the mill. The railway station Bratsk of VostochnoSibirskaya railway has been built specifically for Bratsk Mill operations.
The mill has own platforms for cargo reception and shipment and a network of internal
motor and rail roads.
Raw material supply in 2009:
− 29% by railway
− 37% by trucks
− 34% by water (log floating).
Ilim Group has own trucks for wood and other material transportation.
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5.4 Existing Environmental & Social Management
5.4.1 Compliance with Statutory Requirements
As discussed in section 3 above there are general norms for environmental emissions to
air and water that the mill must comply with. The mill has presently temporary
approved limits for some environmental emission parameters for air emissions.
According to regulation, temporary limit requires that actions should be planned and
implemented to reach the required norms.
Bratsk mill has presently the following temporary limits:
− Air emission quality
− NaOH
− H2S
− Methyl mercaptane
All temporary limits are concentration based.
5.4.2 Labour
During 2009 Ilim Group recruited 902 people of various professions for Bratsk facilities
including forestry and Chemical Plant IlimKhimProm. Total headcount by the end of
2009 was 6204 employee. Qualification ratio is 15% of white collars (engineers,
managers, service staff) and 85 % of workers.
Personnel is involved in main technological operations, including harvesting, wood
processing, pulp, linerboard, energy and chemical production, utilities.
5.4.3 Environmental, Health and Safety Management System
The Bratsk Mill implements an integrated Quality (ISO 9001), Environmental (ISO
14001) and Health and Safety Management System (OHSAS 18001).
Initially, the Environmental part of the Mill’s Management System was certified to ISO
14001:2000 in October 2003, Certificate RU 14025E. In July 2006, the Environmental
part of the Management System was upgraded to ISO 14001:2004 standard.
Health and Safety part of the Mill’s Management System was certified to OHSAS
18001: 1999 in December 2004, Certificate No. RU227113. In December 2007, the
Health and Safety part of the Management System was upgraded to OHSAS
18001:2007 standard.
From the very beginning of the Mill’s operations Bureau Veritas Certification has been
the certifying agency providing assistance in development and implementation of the
Management System at the Mill. It is a universally acknowledged certifying company
with substantial expertise in management system certification all over the world. The
Mill’s Management System is presented in Figure 5-8.
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FIGURE 5/8
Bratsk Mill Environmental, health and safety management system. /2/
In order to ensure most efficient implementation of its Management System, the Mill
follows the requirements of other international standards.
− The Mill’s personnel take part in compulsory annual trainings in environment and
safety issues, remote testing in environment issues; regular checks are carried out by
public regulatory authorities and own manufacturing control departments; the Mill
has a well-developed custom-tailored safety system in place
− The employees are properly informed of their roles and functions, environmental
impact of the Mill’s operations; they work in safe and comfortable conditions
− The Mill holds consultations with all relevant parties such as the City and Oblast
Administrations and people living in the areas exposed to the industrial impact
directly and indirectly (Ust-Ilimsk is influenced through the water supply source)
− Independent and experienced auditors regularly conduct internal audits at the Mill
− The Mill implements corrective and preventive actions to ensure that all
requirements are met
− The Mill regularly carries out business processes analysis.
Identification and evaluation
of environmental aspects and
risks and hazards
in accordance with the legislation and other requirements
Planning
with due consideration
of environmental aspects and risks
- of environmental actions;
- of post-certification actions at workplaces;
- of actions arising of the Collective Bargaining Agreements.
- of risk mitigation actions, etc.
Implementation
of programs
- to reduce environmental impact;
- to improve living standards of employees, contractors, lessees,
population
Analysis of completed actions
Continuous improvement
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5.4.4 Community Consultation and Engagement
Ilim Group and Administration of Irkutsk region have the agreement about social and
economic partnership that defines interaction with Administration of the city about all
aspects of Bratsk mill operations. For more detail see also chapter 4.
5.4.5 Process for Managing Community Concerns
The mill has the internal system including documented procedures in the order of
reception, recording, processing and reaction to complaints coming from the
community. In accordance with requirements of ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS
18001 standards, this system is a part of integral management system. Order of
receiving of complaints from third parties and respond to them is defined in internal
procedure STO SM 01 04.
Complaints from external stakeholders related to any safety aspects of the mill
operations are received by free hot-line phones, registered in electronic data base and
submitted to Director of Labor Protection, Industrial and Environmental Safety of the
Bratsk mill or to Head of Labor Protection and Industrial Safety, who organizes work
with the complaint and prepares report through Rabochaya Smena newspaper’s column
Feed Back.
Complaints/concerns from external stakeholders about conditions of environment are
received by Ecology Control Department on phones and registered in call-receiving log
sheet. Head of Ecology Control Department organizes work with written or oral
complaint and prepares the answers.
5.4.6 Continuous Improvement
Ilim Group follows the principle of continuous improvement. The company invests
significant funds towards improving plant and equipment operations to provide positive
environmental effects. These have mainly been related to improving air emission and
water discharge parameters as well as reduction in energy, water, wood and chemicals
consumption.
Last high-scale environmentally related project – installation of modern bark boiler –
was finished in April of 2009. Total capital cost of this project was more than 18 million
dollars. Main targets were to fully utilize all bark and wood residuals form the site
reducing consumption of coal-generated energy from IrkutskEnergo. The project also
included shutdown of old bark boiler 9 that allowed to decrease emissions due to higher
efficiency of bark boiler 15 process and gas treatment equipment.
The project of Bratsk Mill Rebuild is created and proposed also according to continuous
improvement strategy of Ilim Group.
5.5 Environmental Monitoring
5.5.1 Waste Water Monitoring
Monitoring of waste water sewer system is provided by periodical laboratory testing of
waters in defined control points.
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Each department generating waste water, collector or sewer has specified control point
for monitoring.
The quality of the discharged waste water is monitored in accordance with the Russian
Federal Rules for Protection of Surface Water from Wastewater Contamination. The
control points are shown in the ANNEX IV.
5.5.2 Monitoring Water Quality in Receiving Water Bodies
Since 2002 until present time water sampling has been provided to determine physical
characteristics and concentrations of chemical compounds in multiple control points in
receiving water bodies. The control and monitoring actions are carried out by Bratsk
Branch of the Rostehnadzor’s Centre of Laboratory Analysis and Technical Metrology
on East-Siberian Federal District. This Laboratory has accreditation certificate under the
number ROSS RU. 0001.513048 date of issue 29.06.2006, date of expire 29.06.2011.
Monitoring is performed in eight control points in Vikhoreva River, the Ust-Ilimsk
Water Reservoir and Angara River including both background monitoring control points
and points after mixing of effluents. Up to 30 different parameters are monitored.
ANNEX VI shows the detailed location of control points. Figures 5/9 and 5/10 show
water monitoring points in Ust-Ilimsk reservoir, Angara River and Vikhoreva River.
FIGURE 5/9
Water monitoring points in Ust-Ilimsk reservoir, Angara River and Vikhoreva
River.
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The control points:
− Point 1 – 500 m upstream the mill discharge (background point of Vikhoreva River)
− Point 3 – 500 m downstream the mill discharge
− Point 4 – 72 km downstream the mill discharge (at Koblyakovo)
− Point 5 – 108 km downstream the mill discharge, in Ust-Vikhorevsky bay mouth
− Points 6 and 7 – left and right banks of Angara River (Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir)
− Point 8 – Angara River (Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir) upstream Ust-Vikhorevsky bay
(background point of Angara River)
Also, the map shows points of discharge of main water users: Bratsk mill (point 2) and
municipal wastewater treatment plant Teplovodokanal (point 9).
FIGURE 5/10
Water monitoring in Vikhoreva River near Bratsk Mill.
The monitoring program on Vikhoreva and Angara rivers has been carried out since
2002 according to Table below. See also ANNEX VII.
The monitoring program on Vikhoreva and Angara rivers is realizing according
schedule in all mentioned ingredients annual since 2002.
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TABLE 5-6
The monitoring program on Vikhoreva and Angara rivers.
Vikhoreva River Angara River
Parameter
500 m
upstream
waste water
disposal (point
1)
Waste water
disposal
(point2)
500 m
downstream
waste water
discharge (point
3)
Koblyakovski
y Bridge 72
km downstream
waste water
discharge)
(point 4)
Mouth of
UstVikhoreva
bay.
(point 5)
Ust-Ilim
water-storage
basin,500 m
lower of
mouth of UstVikhoreva
bay at the left
and right
banks
Ust-Ilim
water
storage
basin, 500
m higher
from mouth
of UstVikhoreva
bay
pH 1 m 1 d 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Dissolved oxygen 1 m 1 d 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Suspended 1 m 1 d 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Temperature 1 m 1 d 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
BOD5 1 m 5 н 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
COD 1 m 5 н 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Oil products 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Chloride- ion 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Sulfate-ion 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Ion ammonium 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Nitrite ion 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Nitrate ion 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Phosphate ion 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Iron genelar 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Surfactants 4 a 4 m 4 a 2 a 2 a 2 a 1 m
Phenol 1 m 5 н 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Lignin sulfate 1 m 3 н 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Methanol 1 m 4 m 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Formaldehyde 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Tell oil 1 m 12 m 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
a-pinen 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Hydrogen sulfide 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Methyl mercaptal 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Dimethyl sulfide 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Dimethyl disulfide 1 m 4 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Chloroform 1 m 12 m 2 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Smell 1 m 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Transparency 1 m 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
Coloration 1 m 4 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m 1 m
АОХ 4 w
Solid residual 4 m
BOD20 (full) 5 m
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The list of used shortenings: (d – quantity of analysis for a day; w - quantity of analysis
for a week; m – quantity of analysis in a month; a – quantity of analysis for a year).
Collection of samples upstream of Vikhoreva bay (background, point 8) is made
annually from June till September period.
Sampling at Vikhoreva river near Koblyakovskiy bridge (point 4), Vikhoreva River
mouth (point 5) and Angara river (500 m from the left and right banks, points 6 and 7)
is made except April, 1st and 2nd decade of May, October and November.
Quantity of samples can be corrected during the month taking into account weather
conditions, but still constant in a quarter.
The waste water discharge control to Vikhoreva River has been realized since the start
of the mill. Since 1965 the volume of waste water discharge is measured, since 1968 the
discharge control of Biochemical oxygen demand and suspended substances at
Vikhoreva River is provided. Since 1992 the discharge control in Vikhoreva River at
point 2 is executed according the list of ingredients shown in a Table above.
5.5.3 Air Emissions Monitoring
Monitoring of the atmospheric emissions of contaminants from the mill is done at the
individual point sources.
According to Russian environmental regulations the mill perform emission monitoring
from each of stationary sources (stacks, vent pipes and so on). For each source and each
contaminant the frequency of testing is defined.
A schedule of air monitoring from emission sources is prepared by the mill annually and
is approved by authority (RosTekhNadzor).
5.5.4 Ambient Air Monitoring
Monitoring of the atmospheric imissions of contaminants is carried out in the following
control points:
− at the industrial site
− on the border of the sanitary protection zone
− in the nearby populated locality.
To control the air on the territory of the industrial site, samples should be taken in the
following points:
− along the perimeter of the industrial site
− in the places of the temporary wastes accumulation.
Monitoring of the external border of the sanitary protection zone is performed along its
perimeter in accordance with the approved schedule. The rules comply with Russian
regulation.
A survey station is located at a selected point equipped with a pavilion containing
relevant control devices. Imission levels of contaminants in the residential area are
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monitored by mobile air control laboratories along the existing routes (route 1 and route
2), taking into account the mill's operational regimes and weather conditions.
Samples are taken using designated sampling equipment. The requirements to sampling
time and the amount of gas-and-air mixture analyzed are determined by GOST norms.
The program for manufacturing environmental monitoring of atmospheric air also
considers Russian sanitary and epidemiological requirements. Arrangement of air
monitoring survey stations is shown on Figure 5/11.
FIGURE 5/11
Air monitoring survey stations in Bratsk Mill area.
Air quality in Bratsk is monitored by the laboratory of the HEMC (Bratsk
Hydrometeorology and Environment Monitoring Centre). Based on the monitoring
results, the service provides the Bratsk mill with information on prevailing wind
velocity and air conditions at the survey stations.
− Survey station No. 7 (Ul. Engelsa – Central District);
− Survey station No. 8 (Ul. Komsomolskaya – Central District);
− Survey station No. 11 (UL. Maloamurskaya – Hydrostroitel settlement)
The survey stations take samples 3 times per day, excluding Sundays and holidays.
Data used for OVOS calculations corresponds to long-term average values of
background contaminant concentrations in the air over the period of 2003 – 2007. The
data consistent with RD 52.04.186-89 will be valid for 3 years.
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Bratsk mill is performing air monitoring at the boundary of the sanitary protection zone
of the mill. The measurements are carried out by the Industrial Environmental
Laboratory (IEL) of the mill (certificate ROSS RU.0001/5129475, valid till October 18,
2012). The laboratory performs air emissions measurements in the control points shown
in Figure 5/11 above and according to schedule in the Table 5-7. Air sampling methods
meet the requirements of RD 52.04.186-89 and practical guidelines to air contaminant
evaluation specified in IEL certificate.
Monitoring is performed in accordance with the schedule approved by the regional
authority of Rospotrebnadzor for the Irkutsk Oblast, in Bratsk and the Bratsk District.
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TABLE 5-7
Air control schedule for 2010 
Item
No. Sampling point Evaluated ingredient
Sampling
frequency
Survey station
1 Bus terminal Hydrogen sulfide daily STATION-1
Methylmercaptan
Turpentine
Phenol
Formaldehyde Twice a week
Route No. 1
2 House of Veterans Hydrogen sulfide Daily* Mobile
Methylmercaptan laboratory
Turpentine
Phenol
Nitrogen oxide
Carbon oxide
Formaldehyde Twice a week
3
Hydrogen sulfide Daily*
Mobile
Methylmercaptan laboratory
Near the Bratsk Administration
Building
Turpentine
Phenol
Nitrogen oxide
Carbon oxide
Formaldehyde Twice a week
Route No. 2
4 Ul. Pikhtovaya. Hydrogen sulfide Daily* Mobile
(near the screening station) Methylmercaptan laboratory
Turpentine
Phenol
Nitrogen oxide
Carbon oxide
Formaldehyde Twice a week
5 TRK Bratsk Hydrogen sulfide Daily* Mobile
Methylmercaptan laboratory
Turpentine
Phenol
Nitrogen oxide
Carbon oxide
Formaldehyde Twice a week
6 Industrial site Methylmercaptan Twice a week STATION-2
Hydrogen sulfide Twice a week
Near the central gatehouse
Chlorine
Twice a week
Turpentine Once a week
7
Chlorine Three times a
week
Chlorine dioxide
Mobile laboratory
Industrial site of ZAO
Ilimkhimprom
8 Chlorine Twice a week
Chlorine dioxide
Near the gatehouse of AO
Avtoremles
Mobile laboratory
*A control point is selected depending on the direction of the prevailing wind on the
sampling day.
− If 1, 2 routes are controlled simultaneously, at least two control points must be
selected depending on wind direction.
− Monitoring is performed on work days only. When there are fewer than 5 work days
during a week, monitoring frequency can be reduced.
− Chlorine samples are collected:
− when south and south-west winds prevail, at route 1 stations (once a week);
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− in case of emergency chlorine discharge at route 1 and 2 stations monitored on the
sampling day.
− Samples must be additionally collected at route 1 and 2 stations monitored on the
sampling day when MPC is exceeded by more than 1.25 times.
5.5.5 Odour Monitoring
There is no special odour monitoring required by Russian regulations. Concentrations of
odour substances like methyl mercaptane, H2S etc are measured and monitored as part
of air monitoring.
5.5.6 Noise Monitoring
No information available.
5.5.7 Soil and Groundwater Monitoring
Currently, a control and monitoring network of wells has been organized at the Mill site
by the relevant public department.
The results of the chemical analysis of the groundwater (general and specific
hydrogeochemical parameters) are summarized in OVOS /1, Table 3.3.8/.
To control the condition and contamination of ground water within the territory of the
company's environmental impact, a control and monitoring network of wells has been
established. At the moment, the network includes 89 survey wells located at 7 different
industrial sites and 25 piezometers on sludge pond dams 2 and 3. Monitoring of ground
water in wells of control and monitoring network on the territory of the mill is carried
out by LLC Centre of geoinformation technologies. /1/
No information available for soil monitoring.
5.5.8 Waste Management
The mill has valid permits for waste handling. All the non-recoverable solid waste from
processes is disposed off in landfills.
Waste is collected at the industrial site on a selective basis. Waste is subdivided into the
hazard classes according to Russian regulations.
Waste types and quantities are monitored according to Russian regulation.
− Hazard class I, e.g.: mercury bulbs, fluorescent mercury-containing tubes
− Hazard class II, e.g.: undamaged batteries with electrolyte, Acid residues from
chlorine dioxide production
− Hazard class III, e.g.: sludge and rejects from process, Waste oils
− Hazard class IV e.g.: bark, waste wood residues green liquor dregs, ash, scrap metal,
bio-fuel boiler ash
− Hazard class V e.g.: sawdust, wooden packaging, waste paper.
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5.6 Environmental Performance of the Existing Mill
The present emissions to air from stationary sources are shown in Table 5-8.
TABLE 5-8
Air emissions into the atmosphere for the pulp mill.
Item of contaminant Present, t/a
Dust 1) 1155
SO2 as S 50
NOX as NO2 683
Total Reduced Sulphur compounds (TRS) as
S 248
1) Including Sodium sulphate, sodium carbonate and calcium oxide
The current average performance of the wastewater treatment plant is presented in Table
5-9.
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TABLE 5-9
Average performance of the wastewater treatment plant in present situation.
Item Unit Before
primary
treatment
After
primary
treatment
To biological
treatment
After
biological
treatment
to Vikhoreva
River
Maximum
permissible
discharge
(present)
Temporary
effluent
permit ****
(currently
none)
Flow rate m3/d
m3/ADt
m3/ADt
308 000 417 800 417 800
215 (*
208 (**
429 600
Suspended
solids
mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
183
59.0
60
18.5
85
35.6
6
2.5
1.3 (*
background
+ 0.75
6.79
BOD5 mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
150
62.7
5.5
2.3
1.2 (*
1.43
COD mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
503
210.3
174
72.7
37.4 (*
30 180
AOX mg/l
kg/d
kg/ADt
4.7
1964
1.54 (***
Nitrates mg/l
mg/l
as N
0.633
0.143
less than
45
Nitrites mg/l
mg/l
as N
0.05
0.015
less than
3.3
Ammonia
nitrogen
mg/l 0.96 less than
1.93
Phenols 0.41 0.014
*) Calculated based on the total wastewater load in the wastewater treatment plant and total market pulp
and linerboard production. The total effect of wastewater contaminants from Irkutskenergo,
Teplovodokanal and fibreboard, veneer and sawmill production is low compared with the pulp mill.
**) Based on wastewater flow rate from the pulp mill and related production departments.
***) Based on bleached pulp production.
****) Temporary limits were accepted earlier for some parameters, but currently none is accepted.
In biological treatment BOD5 reduction is on average over 96 % and COD reduction
over 65 %. The plant has a temporary effluent permit for suspended solids and COD,
which allows higher discharge than that stated in the general regulatory permit.
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Present solid waste generation and disposal is presented in Table 5-10.
TABLE 5-10
Present solid waste generation and disposal.
Present, t/a
Description of waste Waste generation
at the industrial
site
Use at the
industrial site
Transferred to
third parties Storage
Total, hazard class I 2.3 0.0 3.1 0.0
Total, hazard class II 0.8 22534 0.8 0.0
Total, hazard class III 341.5 372.8 0.0 174.8
Total, hazard class IV 471815 426299 1051 91577
Total, hazard class V 142389 207160 4744 59336
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6 ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL BASELINE
6.1 Overview of the Area around the Mill Site
The industrial site is located in the central part of the Angarsk ridge on the bank of the
Bratsk water reservoir (north-west of the Irkutsk-Oblast). A route of Vilyui federal
highway (Tulun – Bratsk – Ust-Kut) is under construction near Bratsk.
The distance from the pulp mill to the district center Energetik, Padun and Gidrostroitel
is 7 km, to Bratsk city center is 5 km and to Irkutsk, regional center is 970 km.
6.2 Overview of the Pulp Mill Site Environment
6.2.1 Climate
Climate conditions in the Irkutsk-Oblast are special in comparison to other country
regions in the same latitude but in the European part of Russia or in the Far East.
Remoteness from a sea and location in the center of Asia makes the climate extremely
continental, implying severe, long-lasting winters with little snow and warm summers
with abundant precipitations.
The annual mean temperature in Bratsk over the recent 30 years has been 0.9°С below
zero. The annual mean temperature is 1.3°С above zero max and 3.4°С below zero min.
Average long-term temperature in January is 20.1°С below zero and temperatures in
December and February are almost the same. In some years any of the above months
can be the coldest month, most often this is January (39% recurrence), and rarer
February (33%) or December (28%).
The cold season (with the daily mean temperatures below zero) lasts six months on the
average, from October to April. The warmest month is July. The average long-term
temperature in July is 17.6°С above zero.
Due to climatic peculiarities (overall atmospheric circulation, amount of clouds, wind)
in the area adjoining Bratsk, air temperature fluctuates quite sharply during the day.
Temperature variance in Bratsk over the day reaches 20 – 30°С in the summer season
and 40°С in the winter season. Monthly mean temperature variance reaches 35 – 40°С
and absolute temperature variance – 74 - 80°С.
The highest temperature value (absolute maximum) was 34.5°С above zero (1993) and
the lowest (absolute minimum) – 44.1°С below zero (1968). The average long-term
absolute maximum is 30.5°С above zero and the average long-term minimum is 38.1°С
below zero. Table 6-1 presents Climatological Characteristics of the Bratsk site.
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TABLE 6-1
Climatological Characteristics of the Bratsk site
Indicator Unit of measurement Value
Climate characteristics
Type of climate Extremely continental
Temperature conditions:
Mean air temperature by month: °С
− January °С -20.7
− February °С -19.4
− March °С -10.2
− April °С -1.2
− May °С 6.2
− June °С 14.0
− July °С 17.8
− August °С 14.8
− September °С 8.1
− October °С -0.5
− November °С -9.8
− December °С -18.4
− Mean annual °С -1.6
Temperature pattern:
Mean air temperature of the coldest month °С -19.4
Mean maximum air temperature of the hottest
month °С 23.7
Duration of the period with air temperature
above zero 188
Precipitations:
Average amount of quantity per year mm 406
- in November - March mm 95
- in April - October mm 311
Wind conditions
Recurrence of wind directions in % %
N % 6
NE % 7
E % 4
SE % 6
S % 14
SW % 17
W % 35
NW % 11
Zero wind % 10
The largest wind velocity which is exceeded in
the area by 5% (*U) m/s 5.0
Fog
Duration per year
d h 27
112
Number of days with a sustainable snow
cover d 176
Height of the snow cover cm 24 - 32
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Soil freezes to 2.7 m - 2.84 m due to a long cold season and thin snow cover. Stable
freezing of soil is recorded from October through March. It starts to thaw after the snow
cover is off and soil is fully thawed by the end of April. Since most snow melts off in
late March when soil is still frozen, conditions for spring floods develop.
More detailed climatology description can be found in the OVOS pages /1/.
6.2.2 Air Pollution
Many sources contribute to general air pollution in the Bratsk city and its vicinity. The
current level of air pollution (background pollution) is generated in the area in question
from industrial and vehicle emissions. The level of air pollution is very high. There are
metallurgy, wood processing and chemical industry sectors in Bratsk. Main air pollution
sources in Bratsk are the following:
− Bratsk Aluminum Plant RUSAL Bratsk
− Bratsk Ferroalloy Plant
− Bratsk Pulp Mill (IlimGroup)
− Power Plant (TPP 6, Irkutskenergo)
− International airport
− Transit railway (Baikal-Amur Mainline)
According to the data provided in the state report On environment status and protection
in the Irkutsk Oblast in 2008, the amount of gross emissions to air by major recorded
pollutants is outlined in the table below.
TABLE 6-2
Air pollution from major industrial pollution sources in Bratsk.
Company Gross emissions to air, ton/year
Share of emissions,
%
Bratsk Aluminum Plant (RUSAL) 92 500 80.2
TTP-6, Mill of Irkutskenergo 11 670 10.1
OOO Bratsk Ferroalloy Plant 5 730 5.0
Ilim Bratsk Pulp Mill 5 420 4.7
Total 115 320 100
Over many years Bratsk has been included in the Priority list of Russian cities with a
high air pollution level.
When considering the processes causing high air pollution in Bratsk, it should be noted
that major industrial locations responsible for air pollution are situated in the southern
part of the city. The share of the enterprises in this district in generation of emissions
exceeds 80%.
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Substances which contribute to high air pollution are the following:
− benzapyrene
− formaldehyde
− nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxide
− particulates
− carbon monoxide
− carbon disulfide
− hydrogen fluoride.
The most polluted part of the city is the city center.
TABLE 6-3
Atmosphere air pollution in Bratsk city in 2009 from posts № 7, 8, 11 (Source: Bratsk Center
of Hydro Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring)
Dust SO2 CO NO2 NO H2S
Solid
Fluoride HF
Formaldehyde
Methyl
mercaptane Survey point Type
mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3
Monthly
average 0.2 1 0.092 0.0091 0.0233 Post No7
Engelsa st. Maximum 1 5 0.44 0.019 0.12
Monthly
average 0.23 0.0040 1 0.1209 0.01 0.0045 0.000142
Post No8
Komsomolsk
aya st. Maximum 1 0.059 5 0.55 0.06 0.059 0.000516
Monthly
average 0.175 0.0029 1 0.1167 0.05 0.0048
Post No11
Hydrostroitel
s. Maximum 1 0.023 5 0.48 0.15 0.04
The survey points are indicated in the map in Figure 5/11.
According to state report On environment status and protection in the Irkutsk Oblast in
2008, average annual concentrations recorded in 2008 exceeded permissible standard
levels as follows:
− formaldehyde – 9 times
− carbon disulfide – 7.8 times
− benzapyrene – 4 times
− nitrogen dioxide – 2.8 times
− hydrogen fluoride – 1.2 times
− dust and nitrogen oxide – 1.1 times.
6.2.3 Soil and Groundwater
According to environmental regulations, the companies which operations affect
groundwater quality, directly or indirectly, shall exercise industrial control over
groundwater condition (Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No.
307 of March 14, 1997, Regulations on Water State Monitoring).
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A survey and monitoring well network (SMW) is in place at the industrial site of Bratsk
pulp mill to monitor the groundwater condition. Currently, the network consists of 89
monitoring wells located in seven process areas, including
− sludge pounds area
− industrial site
− chlorine plant
− wastewater treatment facilities
− industrial effluents polishing facilities
− effluents discharge manifold
− brine plant
Groundwater monitoring under the process areas, ash and sludge collectors, and
landfills has been performed for 8 years under an agreement between the Bratsk pulp
mill and Center of Geoinformation Technologies (CGT) in Bratsk.
The groundwater in the pulp mill site has been affected by the industrial operations.
There are areas of thermal pollution of groundwater near manufacturing facilities, area
of the chlorine production facility, part of the wastewater treatment facilities area, and
the area of the ponds of the polishing treatment facilities.
Changes in chemical composition indicate intrusion of pollutants into groundwater and
soil. Chemical composition of the groundwater is uneven and depends on the location of
the sources of contamination and quality of groundwater coming from the Bratsk
aquifer. The industrial groundwater contains high concentrations of chlorides, sodium,
phenols, petroleum products, iron, manganese, organic compounds (COD, BOD5). Also,
some water samples taken in the area of sludge ponds showed methyl mercaptane and
hydrogen sulphide. In the area of brine production facility significant amounts of
ethanol and xylene were found.
Center of Geoinformation Technologies has tested the ground water in the Vikhorevsky,
Galachinsky, and Porozhsky water intake area to evaluate potential specific
contamination caused by the Bratsk mill (hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan,
dimethylsulphide, dimethyldisulphide, methanol, ethanol, xylene, and tall products).
The samples did not show that the mill operations contributed to groundwater
contamination at the water intake stations.
Based on the results of groundwater quality and distribution monitoring in governmentcontrolled monitoring wells, an increased content of such components as sodium
chlorides, oil products, iron and organics was recorded, however the area of distribution
has remained the same.
6.2.4 Overview of the Aquatic Environment
The source of raw water for process, drinking and household water of the Bratsk Pulp
Mill is the Bratsk Reservoir (the Dondir Bay) which is a part of the large Angara river
flowing out from Lake Baikal.
Wastewater is discharged from the Bratsk Pulp Mill into the small Vikhoreva River
which discharges into Angara River.
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6.2.5 River Setting and Hydrology
Bratsk Water Reservoir (Raw Water Intake)
The Bratsk Reservoir was formed by the dam of the Bratsk Hydropower Plant on the
Angara River. Filling started in 1961, design elevation was reached in 1967. The bed of
the Reservoir is formed by valleys of the Oka, Iya and Angara Rivers over which the
damming spread to 370 km, 180 km and 570 km accordingly.
The Bratsk Reservoir is located in the south-western part of the Irkutsk Oblast and
belongs to the Angara River basin. The river and its tributaries in the flooding area head
narrow valleys with steep slopes. The Bratsk Reservoir is located only in the nearchannel part of these tributaries, is complex in configuration and highly stretched. The
coastline is strongly dissected.
General characteristics of the Bratsk reservoir at the water intake point.
− Reservoir volume with normal water level – 169× 10³ thousand m3
− Area of the water surface with normal water level – 5 470 km2
− Length – 1 020 km
− Average width is slightly over 5 km, maximum width is 25 km
− Length of the coastal line is 6 000 km
− Coastline meandering factor is very high and in certain areas reaches 8.0
− Average depth of the water body in the area of water intake is 31 m
− Maximum depth of the water body in the area of water intake is 35 m
− Minimum depth of the water body in the area of water intake is 25 m
− Long-term annual average water flow at the Bratsk Hydropower Plant is 2 870 m3/s
− Current velocity during maximum runoff is 6 cm/s
− Current velocity during minimum runoff is 4 cm/s
Hydrological characteristics of the Bratsk reservoir at the water intake site
− Normal water level of the reservoir is 402 m
− Long-term annual average water levels: maximum – 402 m, minimum – 392 m
− Water level variance range is 9.98 m
− Minimum navigation level of water at the dam site is 394.73 m (with average for the
Reservoir of 394.65 m and normal water level of 401.73 m).
TABLE 6-4
Annual and seasonal averages of water temperature at the water intake site
(Bratsk Water reservoir)
Winter
(DecemberMarch)
Spring
(April-May)
Summer
(June-August)
Autumn
September,
November)
Year average
0 0.9 13.4 6.7 5.3
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The Vikhoreva River
The Vikhoreva River is a left tributary of the Angara (Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir) which
flows into it 1 033 km off the river mouth.
The river starts in the branches of the Angara Ridge and flows along the large hills of
the Middle Siberian Highland. The area where the Vikhoreva River flows belongs to the
Angara-Yenisei water basin situated in eastern Siberia.
The Vikhoreva River has 51 small tributaries with a length less than 10 km and 17
major tributaries (5 from the right and 12 from the left) with the total length of 192 km.
Left tributaries are the largest, with one of them Ub’, 90 km long, located upstream the
wastewater discharge from the Bratsk Mill and the second, Burdoi (40 km) flows into
Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay.
By its hydrological conditions the Vikhoreva basin belongs to the Nizhne-Angara
region and is of East-Siberian river type implying high water floods in spring. The river
flows across the mountains upstream and midstream and across the plains downstream.
The river channel at the discharge site is straight without branches, slight deformed; it
does not get overgrown. The bottom is of pebble and sand.
The distance from the wastewater discharge point to the Vikhoreva River mouth is 108
km.
General characteristics of the Vikhoreva River
− Water catchment area is 2 420 km2
− The Vikhoreva River is 236 km long (including 30 km of Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay
formed by the Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir)
− Average current velocities vary from 0.1 to 2.8 m/s
− Maximum depth at the survey station closest to the water intake site is 4.5 m
− Average depth at the survey station closest to the water intake site is 0.58 m
− Minimum river depth at the water discharge point is 0.29 m
− Average river width is 14m. The river gets wider downstream from 10 to 25 m with
the largest width, from 80 to 200 m, in the flooding area
− Water flow in the summer low water period (probability of 95%) is 1.01 m3/s
− Water flow in the winter low water period (probability of 95%) is 0.25 m3/s
− Long-term average flow rate is 9.45 m3/s
− Hydrological characteristic of the water body at the water intake site
− Minimum water level in the summer and autumn low water period with the
probability of 95% at the control station closes to the water intake site is 348 m
− Minimum water level in the winter low water period with the probability of 95% at
the control station closest to the water intake site is 348 m.
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Hydrological parameters of the Vikhoreva River are based on information obtained
from the following official organisations:
− Bratsk FHME (Federal Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring Service
− TAHEM of Irkutsk
− Center on hydrometeorology and monitoring of environment of the city of Bratsk –
branch of Official body Irkutsk center on environment monitoring with regional
functions.
TABLE 6-5
Hydrological characteristic of the Vikhoreva River at the wastewater discharge
site (upstream)./1/
Parameter Unit Observation date – July 27, 2009
Observation date –
August 28, 2009
Water flow rate m3/s 8.96 13.0
Average current velocity m/s 0.46 0.61
Maximum current velocity m/s 0.62 0.74
Average depth
m 1.15 1.22
Maximum depth m 2.0 2.30
TABLE 6-6
River and effluent flow at discharge point (Vikhoreva river). Dilution ratio of
effluent.
Parameter
Vikhoreva
River flow
upstream
(m3/s)
Average mill
effluent
discharge flow
(m3/s)
Theoretical
effluent dilution
(times) in
combined flow
Share of
effluent in
combined flow
(%)
Mean annual flow 9.45 4.84 2.95 34 %
Summer low flow 1.01 (1 4.84 1.21 83 %
Extreme low flow 0.25 (2 4.84 1.05 95 %
1) Summer low water period (probability of 95%)
2) Winter low water period (probability of 95%)
As indicated in Table 6-6 above the flow rate of Vikhoreva River varies significantly
depending on season. The mean annual flow is about 9.45 m3/s while the extreme winter
low flow rate is as low as 0.25 m3/s. Consequently the dilution rate of effluent and river
water will vary with season. Normally about 34% of river water flow downstream mill
discharge originates from the mill effluent. In extreme situations up to 95% of river
flow downstream mill discharge constitutes of mill effluent.
Vikhoreva River flow (mean 9.45 m3/s) is assumed to increase by up to 10 m3/s as it
approaches the Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay (due to various incoming flows). The estimate is
based on changes in measured mineral concentrations. No measured flow data to
confirm this assumption is however available.
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The Angara River
The Angara River flows across the territory of the Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk
Territory of Russia. The Angara River flows north out of Lake Baikal. At the turn of the
Angara River downstream of the Bratsk Reservoir there is the Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir.
The Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir includes Ust-Vikhorevsky and Burdoisky Bays which
together form Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay. Then the river turns west to the Krasnoyarsk
Territory where it flows into the Yenisei River near Lesosibirsk. The Angara River is
the right tributary of the Yenisei River. It flows past the cities of Irkutsk, Angarsk,
Bratsk, Ust-Ilimsk, and Kodinsk.
General characteristics of the water body
− Area of the Angara River basin is 1 040 000 km2, including 468 000 km2 within the
basin of Lake Baikal.
− Length of the river is 1 779 km.
− Distance from the Angara River mouth to Bratsk is 1 136 km.
− Distance from the Angara River mouth to the water survey station is 1 135 km.
Hydrological and morphometrical description of Angara River (at Ust-Ilimsk water
reservoir). (Source: Bratsk Hydrological and Monitoring Center of Environment)
TABLE 6-7
Hydrological characteristic of the Angara River at Ust-Ilimsk Water reservoir
Characteristics Units Inspection Date
1999-2009
Average perennial flow quantity m³/s 2870
Low flow period flow quantity m³/s 2000
High flow period flow quantity m³/s 6890
Speed of current in period of minimal flow cm/s 9
Speed of current in period of maximum flow cm/s 14.0
Average depth m 29
Maximal depth m 30
Minimal depth m 28
Distance from mouth of Angara River km 1033
Water surface square in basin at NPL (normal pond
level) km² 1922
Comment: NPL mark of Ust-Ilim water pond is 296,00m from Baltic Sea level.
TABLE 6-8
Average seasonal and annual water temperature, ºC (observation period 20052009)
Winter
(December March)
Spring
(April-May)
Summer
(June-August)
Autumn
(September –
November)
Annual
0.0 1.3 16.8 5.6 5.8
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6.2.6 Existing Water Quality
Raw water intake (Bratsk reservoir)
The water quality in Dondir Bay of the Bratsk water reservoir 0.2 km upstream the
water intake site according to data from 2007 are described in the table below.
TABLE 6-9
Water quality at raw water intake (Dondir Bay, Bratsk Resevoir) in 2007. /1/
Parameter
Unit Surface Bottom
Suspended solids mg/l 1.9 3.5
BOD5 mg/l 0.93 0.78
COD 1) mg/l 5.0 10.0
Ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) mg N/l 0.07 0.08
Nitrogen nitrite (NO2-N) mg N/l 0.008 0.006
Nitrogen nitrate (NO3-N) mg N/l 0.15 0.18
Phosphates (PO4-P) mg P/l 0.045 0.035
pH - 8.02 7.77
1) Dichromate method
The Vikhoreva River
The Vikhoreva River receives the treated effluent from the Ilim pulp mill integrate and
flows further into Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay of the Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir (Angara
River).
About 10 km downstream mill effluent discharge point Vikhoreva River receives
effluent from one other major discharger which is the municipal sewage treatment plant
Teplovodokanal. The plant discharges treated effluents from the settlements of Bikey
and Padun (parts of Bratsk). The volume of waste water is 27-30 millions m3 per year
which represent about 18-19 % of volume of the Ilim Group Bratsk mill discharge.
The Municipal sewage treatment plant Teplovodokanal discharges utility and domestic
waste water from Bratsk population. The Priority indicators for control of this type of
waste waters are: suspended substances, biochemical oxygen demand, nitrates, nitrites,
ammonium saline, phosphates and fats.
There is no data available to assess the influence of waste water from municipal sewage
treatment plant Teplovodokanal on the water quality of Vikhoreva River.
In addition to flow from the municipal sewage plant, Vikhoreva River receives effluents
from other sources including a few small communities and sawmills and a butchery.
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The water quality of Vikhoreva River before the mill effluent discharge point or
background (1 km downstream from Chekanovsky , Monitoring Point No 1), 500 m
downstream the waste discharge point Monitoring Point No 3) and 72 km downstream
after the discharge point at Koblyakovo (Monitoring point No 4) are presented in Table
6-10. Monitoring point 5 is located at discharge to Angara River (Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir).
Seasonal changes (monthy averages) in pollutant concentrations in the abovementioned
points are presented in ANNEX VIII for year 2009. The seasonal variation is obvious
for points of Vikhoreva River, even prior to mill discharge point.
The changes of concentrations of some compounds such as chlorides and lignins along
Vikhoreva river indicate that the additional flow from other sources including
Teplovodokanal may be about equal to Bratsk mill flow.
Also, water quality monitoring data indicates that there is significant dilution in UstVikhorevsky Bay before the water is discharged to Angara River. The dilution appears
to be about 25 times. This may be due to occasional inflow of water from Angara River
to Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay.
Angara River and Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir
Table 6-10 indicates also the background concentrations of water pollutants in UstVikhorevsky Bay, left and right bank of Angara River after discharge point as well as
background for Angara River.
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TABLE 6-10
Measured annual average concentrations of pollutants in Vikhoreva River in year
2008
Maximum
Permissible
Concentration
(MPC)
“Community
importance”
Point No 1
500 m
upstream the
waste
discharge
Point No 2
Waste water
discharge
Point No 3
500 m
downstream
the waste
discharge
point
Point No 4
Koblyakovo
Bridge
Point No 5
The mouth of
Vikhoreva
River
рН, units 6.5-8.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.9
TSS , mg/l Background +0.75 4.0 6.0 7.5 7.1 < 3.0
BOD5, mg02/l 3 1.8 5.5 3.02 2.1 1.3
Phenol, mg/l 0.001 0.003 0.014 0.0058 0.002 0.002
Oil products, mg/l 0.3 0.026 0.19 0.077 0.016 0.006
Chlorides, mg/l 350 7.4 302 129.9 98.1 12.2
Sulphates, mg/l 500 58.9 161 79.7 82.7 12.8
Phosphate (as Р), mg/l 3.5 0.2 0.22 0.28 0.54 0.09
Tall products mg/l 0.1 0 0.39 0.1 < 0.1 < 0.1
Lignin, mg/l 5 4.96 45.8 20.8 14.5 3.9
Ammonium, mg/l 1.93 0.25 0.99 0.4 0.42 0.15
Nitrate, mg/l 45 1.54 0.63 1.33 4.25 0.76
Nitrite, mg/l 3.3 0.006 0.049 0.06 0.07 0.02
Methanol, mg/l 3 0.048 0.37 0.16 0.24 0.15
Iron, mg/l 0.3 0.413 0.18 0.35 0.44 0.13
Formaldehyde, mg/l 0.05 0 0.065 0 < 0.025 < 0.025
COD, mg02/l 30 31.96 173 98.1 49.1 21.1
Chromaticity 0С 94 - 284 261 90.7
Surfactants, mg/l 0.5 0 - 0 <0.01 <0.01
Transparence, cm 10 28 - 22 25 29
Hydrogen sulfide mg/l 0.003 0 0 0 <0.0004 <0.0004
Methylmercaptane, mg/l 0 0 0 0 <0.0004 <0.0004
Dimethyl sulfide, mg/l 0.01 0 0.00021 0 <0.0004 <0.0004
Dimethyl disulfide, mg/l 0.04 0 0.00013 0 <0.0005 <0.0005
Dissolved oxygen, mg/l Not less 4 9.3 - 8.3 9 11.4
Turpentine, mg/l 0.2 0 0 0 <0.01 <0.01
Chloroform, mg/l 0.1 0 0.11 0.026 <0.001 <0.001
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Seasonal changes (monthly averages) in pollutant concentrations in the abovementioned
points are presented in ANNEX VIII for year 2009. The Figures 6/1-6/3 illustrates the
monthly averages of TSS, BOD and COD in Points 1 and 3 for year 2009.
River Vikhoreva
TSS
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
Ja nu ary
Fe bru
ary
Ma rch Ap
ril
Ma y Ju ne av era Ju
ly Au gu st Se pte
mb er Oc tob
er De ce mb er Month 2009
Co nc en tra
tio
n, m g/ l Upstream discharge Downstream discharge
FIGURE 6/1
TSS in Vikhoreva river up- and downstream mill effluent discharge point.
River Vikhoreva
BOD
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
Ja nu ary
Fe bru
ary
Ma rch Ap
ril
Ma y Ju ne av era Ju
ly Au gu st Se pte
mb er Oc tob
er De ce mb er Month 2009
Co nc en tra
tio
n, m g/ l Upstream discharge Downstream discharge
FIGURE 6/2
BOD in Vikhoreva river up- and downstream mill effluent discharge point.
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River Vikhoreva
COD
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
Ja nu ary
Fe bru
ary
Ma rch Ap
ril
Ma y Ju ne av era Ju
ly Au gu st Se pte
mb er Oc tob
er De ce mb er Month 2009
Co nc en tra
tio
n, m g/ l Upstream discharge Downstream discharge
FIGURE 6/3
COD in Vikhoreva river up- and downstream mill effluent discharge point.
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TABLE 6-11
Measured annual average concentrations of pollutants in Angara River in year
2009.
Maximum
Permissible
Concentration
(MPC)
“ Commercial
fishing
importance ”
Point No 5
The mouth
of Vikhoreva
River
Point No 6
Left bank of
Angara
River
Point No 7
Right bank
of Angara
River
Point No 8
Backgroun
d of Angara
River
рН, units 6.5-8.5 7.9 7.81 8.0 8.05
TSS , mg/l Background +0.25 < 3.0 < 3.0 1.1
BOD5, mg02/l 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.1
Phenol, mg/l 0.001 0.002 0.0013 0.0012 0
Oil products, mg/l 0.05 0.006 0.008 0.007 0
Chlorides, mg/l 300 12.2 8 8.4 7.21
Sulphates, mg/l 100 12.8 9.2 9.8 8.9
Phosphate (as Р),
mg/l 0.2 0.09 0.06 0.04 0.04
Tall products mg/l 0.1 < 0.1 < 0.1 0.1 0
Lignin, mg/l 2 3.9 1.43 1.69 1.77
Ammonium, mg/l 0.5 0.15 0.11 0.09 0.08
Nitrate, mg/l 40 0.76 0.41 0.55 0.3
Nitrite, mg/l 0.08 0.02 0.013 0.016 0.01
Methanol, mg/l 0.1 0.15 0.11 0.11 0.11
Iron, mg/l 0.1 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.1
Formaldehyde, mg/l 0.01 < 0.025 < 0.025 < 0.025
COD, mg02/l 21.1 12.2 13.51 13.3
Chromaticity 0С 90.7 37.2 40.9 31.8
Surfactants, mg/l < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
Transparence, cm 29 30 29.8 30
Hydrogen sulfide mg/l < 0.0004 < 0.0004 < 0.0004
Methylmercaptane,
mg/l < 0.0004 < 0.0004 < 0.0004
Dimethyl sulfide, mg/l 0.00001 < 0.0004 < 0.0004 < 0.0004
Dimethyl disulfide,
mg/l 0.00001 < 0.0005 < 0.0005 < 0.0005
Dissolved oxygen,
mg/l 11.4 11.4 11.8
Turpentine, mg/l 0.2 <0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
Chloroform, mg/l 0.005 <0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
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There are no statistics on chlorinated phenols, resin acids, dioxins, because they are not
measured on a regular basis and are not included in the regulatory water standards. Also
AOX is not a regulated water or effluent parameter.
The average flow rate in the Angara River at the Ust-Ilimsk hydropower station is about
2900 m3/s. The final dilution of the polluted Vikhoreva River water into the Angara
River water is very efficient. However, upstream in the Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay and in the
initial mixing zone to the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir the concentrations are elevated.
Water quality (average monthly and annual data) for 2009 on control point (Ust-Ilimsk
water reservoir, left and right banks of Angara River) do not exceed the values of
Maximum permissible concentration (MPC) for water body of the commercial fishing
importance. According total results of 2008 the exceeding of average monthly and
annual facts on control transit under MPC for water body of the commercial fishing
importance observed at suspended substances 1.27 mg/l (MPC – 1.25 mg/l). According
total results of 2007 observed the exceeding of annual facts at BOD, average monthly
facts at phenol and lignin.
The total assimilating potential of the water system Vikhoreva River - Ust-Vikhorevsky
Bay- Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir from the background control point in Vikhoreva River
and till the end point of Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir appear to be sufficient to achieve
acceptable concentrations to comply with MPC for commercial fishing.
6.2.7 Existing Sediment Quality
The long-term contamination caused by the pulp mill in Vikhoreva River has caused a
part of the river bottom to become covered with slimy precipitate with a significant
amount of poorly soluble organic substance (pulp residues, lignin). The upper layer of
the soil soaks in contaminated water and soil particles absorb soluble substances, thus
the subsoil has become contaminated.
The exploration of bottom sediment caused by the Bratsk pulp mill has been provided
by scientific research company Ecoprom. The investigations have revealed that the
bottom sediments are unstable and may cause secondary pollution. Mapping of bottom
sediment distribution shows that the biggest accumulation of bottom sediment layer is
located at the beginning of Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay, where river flow significantly slows
down. Approximately, at the distance of 2 km from the beginning of the bay
sedimentation of suspended matters is taking place.
However, based on water quality monitoring data there is no indication that excessive
release of pollutants from sediments would occur during any time of the year.
6.2.8 Fish Community
Industrial contamination has affected on the fish fauna in the Vikhoreva River where the
mill discharges its treated effluents. Because of the proportionally low flow rate of the
river the attained dilution effect of effluent discharges is weak before the river flows to
the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir.
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Also downstream the operations of a wide range of industries discharging to the Angara
River and its other tributaries have polluted the large body of receiving water for long.
This has led to changes in the fish community. In addition, since the construction of
damns for hydropower plants in the Angara River, the stock of many fish species has
declined. Especially the amount of commercially important species, a.o. salmon and
whitefish has dropped and the species preferring river conditions can now be found
mainly in the tributaries.
The species found in the Bratsk reservoir include: Starlet, Siberian lamprey, sturgeon,
trout, lenok, tugun, river gwyniad, Siberian grayling, pike, roach, dace, ide, ordinary
and lake minnow, tench, gudgeon, silver carp, char, mudfish, eelpout, perch, ruff,
Baikal sculpin, Siberian bullhead, Baikal sturgeon and omuls, Russian peled, bream,
common carp and Amur catfish.
The fish fauna of Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir and its basin is presented by 24 fish types,
belonging to 9 populations, and one type of cyclostomes (Siberian lamprey). The fish
species include the following: starlet, Siberian sturgeon, trout, pollan, goldilocks,
grayling, pike, dace, crucian, burbot, perch, ruff, arctic cisco, peled, bream. There is
slow and weak water warming at Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir, combining of zooplankton
at the surface horizons makes favourable conditions for fattening at this zone of
cryophile fish such as cisco type fish.
The Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir consists of two mostly square equal parts: Angarskaya
and Ilimskaya. Fishing is primarily done at the Angarskaya part, at the areas near
Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk cities. At Ilimskaya part fishing is not realized because of the
absence of big settlements or cities. In 1998-2006 fishing at the reservoir remained at a
very low level varying from 15 to 67 tons, average about 38.7 tons. During last years
the catching increased: 2007 - 218.2 tons, 2008 - 155.8 tons. The impacts to the fish
community in Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir, at the part from 5 km upstream and to 20 km
downstream Ust-Vikhorevsky bay mouth, is less significant than for Ust-Vikhorevsky
bay, mostly impacted by the mill’s effluent. According to the experts the harm can be
estimated as 7200 kg of commercial fish per year.
In Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk reservoirs conditions are favorable e.g. for roach and perch.
The following table gives an indication of the changes in the fish species 1990 and
2006.
Table 6-12 presents fish species in the Angara reservoirs in 1990 and 2006.
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TABLE 6-12
Fish species in the Angara reservoirs in 1990 and 2006, as biomass percentage.
Bratsk Reservoir Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir
Fish species
1990 2006 1990 2006
Perch 43.7 49.2 40.0 65.4
Roach 38.1 26.9 47.0 27.4
Bream 10.0 13.9 - +
Crucian 2.0 8.9 - +
Carp + 0.4 - Burbot 2.0 + 5.0 0.2
Pike 1.0 + 3.0 6.5
Cisco 2.0 0.15 + +
Syrok 0.5 + + +
Amur catfish 0.3 0.5 - +
Dace 0.2 + 3.8 0.5
Ruff 0.2 + + +
Gobies + + + +
Grayling 0.1 + 0.1 +
Whitefish + + + +
Trout + + + +
Lenok + + + +
Sturgeon + + + +
Starlet + + + Fishing of sturgeon, starlet, and gwyniad in the reservoirs is forbidden and for many
other species allowed annually only for a limited time.
In order to replenish the fishstock in Angara River and its reservoirs and tributaries
many fish hatchery or farm projects have been operated in the Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk
reservoirs. However, currently in the Bratsk area there is only one major fish farm.
Among the grown and released fish species are cisco, syrok, bream, but also salmon,
whitefish, sturgeon grayling and pike. The fish farm of Ltd NIEP Riborazvedenie is
shown on the map in ANNEX VI as red square between Padun and Hydrostroitel.
The Bratsk Mill has participated in a fish stock replenishment program since 2006 as
agreed with Federal, Irkutsk regional and Bratsk local authorities.
Due to environmental effects to the ecosystem, the fish capacity of the Angara
reservoirs is limited. According to a report from 2001 the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir fish
capacity is presented in Table 6-13.
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TABLE 6-13
Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir capacity.
Site Area, km2 Potential fish capacity, kg/a Market fish, kg/a
Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay 20 32 000 9 600
Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir, over the
area of 5 km upstream and 20
km downstream of Ust-UstVikhorevsky Bay
30 48 000 14 400
There is a more detailed description available on the fish stock and its replenishment in
the OVOS /1, Appendix C5/.
6.2.9 Aquatic Invertebrates
Food for the fish in the Angara reservoirs is diverse and consists of the following
phytoplankton, zooplankton and zoobenthos species:
− The phytoplankton in Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir is typical for mesotrophic reservoirs and
is generally close to that of the Bratsk reservoir. Its seasonal fluctuations and vertical
distribution depends on general limnic regularities of the water bodies in the
moderate zone
− Zooplankton. 43 taxons have been found in the Ust-Ilimsk reservoir, including 29
rotifers, 8 cladocerans and 6 copepods. The zooplankton in the area is impacted by
the Vikhoreva River at the mouth of Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay where Bdelloidea is often
encountered which are indicators of polysaprobic and amesosaprobic substances in
water and sediment in contrast to other reservoir areas.
− Zoobenthos in Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay is extremely poor and is represented by Tubifex
Tubifex only which indicate polysaprobic material typical of eutrophic, contaminated
water.
6.2.10 Contaminants in Aquatic Biota
No data available.
6.3 Overview of the Social Setting
6.3.1 Community
Population of Irkutsk region is 2.5 million people. Population of Bratsk is more than
250 000 people. The Mill is situated 5 km from the town, employees use public
transportation.
Bratsk has airport (links to European, North & East parts of Russia), railway station,
port and federal motorways (crossroad of Eastern Siberia).
Density of population in Irkutsk region is 3.2 people per km2. Most of area is forest Siberian Taiga.
Bratsk is one of the main economic centers and the largest industrial city of Irkutsk
region. Total production turnover in 2009 was 43.3 billion rubles ($1.3 billion).
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Main economic activities in Bratsk:
− Metallurgic production
− Pulp & linerboard production
− Wood processing
− Chemical production
− Food production
− Electrical energy production
Main natural resources of Irkutsk region:
− Wood
− Water
− Coal, Oil and Gas
− Raw material for carbon steel industry
6.3.2 Socio-Economic Conditions
Average age of population in Bratsk is 36 years. Amount of children (below 16 years
old) is about 17%. Working ability age 64%, older than working ability age 49%.
Current unemployment rate 1.38%, according to Bratsk placement service there are
1257 free vacancies.
Bratsk has 21 hospitals, policlinics and medical centers for adults & children. City
government provides per 10,000 people 30 qualified doctors, 108 middle medical
specialists.
Educational establishments of Bratsk include 4 universities, 47 various schools, 11
colleges and secondary technical schools, 56 preliminary schools & kindergartens etc.
Number of students older than 16 years is more than 16 000. Bratsk has large amount of
shopping and service enterprises, entertainment, sport, culture and recreation facilities.
Current percentage of employees in retirement and pre-retirement age is 46.3% (taking
into account official benefits for Northern areas). Such situation is not positive for
regional employers of different types of ownership. State Pension Policy follows the
goal of constant growth of pensions. This category of Ilim Group employees is liable to
The Corporate Pension System. This system allows accumulating a certain reserve for
additional pension. Amount of money that the person could get in future as additional
pension depends on duration and size of employee’s participation in Corporate Pension
System, but the employee should deposit in Pension Fund not less than 3% of average
monthly salary of employee per month. The employer pays 2% of annual salary of the
employee for every year of employee’s participation. Thus the Company provides
additional social support for the employees after retirement. But this policy has its
negative side. In case of leaving the company just after retirement age former
employees can and continue living active social life in the city environment.
Bratsk has all possibilities for it. Theatres, sport complexes, leisure and cultural centers,
libraries, banks, insurance companies, Siberian Pulp and Paper R&D institute, Bratsk
University, branches of Irkutsk University, Baikal University of economics and
Finance, Krasnoyarsk college of industrial metallurgy, Pulp and Paper college,
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municipal institutions of culture and sports, resorts, health protection institutions, etc.
work in the city and provide sufficient social services to the citizens.
In order to decrease the impact of high percentage of employees in retirement age the
government of the region and big employers realize development programs for young
people (both working and studying) with good potential. The best and highly qualified
employees are considered by the employers for promotion to the new production areas.
Besides that there are different programs of cooperation between business, Regional
Government and educational enterprises of Bratsk and the Region of different types
focusing on preparation young specialists for new production. All these Development
programs of you people and high potential employees allow supply employees with
highly qualified people of active working age.
To support people who want relocation to other regions of Irkutsk Region or Russia
there is State Regional program of relocation of Russian citizens. This programs
foresees reimbursement relocation expenses for the family of the relocating person and
allowance for start up in the new place of living from the Federal budget
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7 DESCRIPTION OF THE FUTURE BRATSK MILL
7.1 The Future Pulp Mill
The future pulp consists of two fibre lines, new softwood line and existing hardwood
line with new oxygen delignification and new bleaching sequence. Both fibrelines
located in the Pulp Mill 2 area. Figure 7/1 shows all processes which are existing, new,
rebuilt and shutdown in both pulp mills. There will also be new woodhandling area, new
recovery boiler and recovery boiler rebuild, new concentrators to evaporation plant and
2 new chlorine dioxide plants in chemical plant. In Table 7-1 pulp mill production is
described.
FIGURE 7/1
Existing, new, rebuilt and shutdown processes. /2/
TABLE 7-1
Total Pulp production 2008, 2009 and in after Pulp Mill Rebuild.
2008 2009 Pulp Mill Rebuild
ADt/a ADt/a ADt/a
Pulp Mill 1
Softwood Pulp 207 000(1 230 000(2
Kraftliner 238 000(1 230 500(2
Unbleached pulp 9 500(1
}Shutdown
Pulp Mill 2
Softwood pulp 655 000
Hardwood pulp 247 200(1 272 000(2 270 000
Total pulp production 700 500 732 500(2 925 000
/1/ Gibrobum Pöyry OVOS, /2/ Data from Ilim
An overview of the mill processes is shown in Annex III.
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Mill general lay-out is presented in Figure 7/2.
FIGURE 7/2
Mill site lay-out. /2/
7.1.1 Woodhandling
Woodhandling capacity will be increased by utilizing the existing equipment and
investing. Annual demand in pulp chips rises from 3.3 million solid m3 to 4.4 million
solid m3. The scope of project in woodhandling area includes:
− No modifications in the wood yard and open chips storages 1, 3 & 4
− Rebuild:
− Outdoor chips storage 2
− Indoor chips storage 2
− Existing pneumatic chips-feeding systems
− Existing softwood chips feeding line to the Pulp Mill 2 bin.
− Following new investments will be made:
− Woodyard with annual capacity of 1 200 000 solid m3
− Pneumatic chips-feeding system from the new woodyard to outdoor chip storage 2
and indoor chip storage 2
− Pneumatic system for feeding bark waste from the new woodyard to the outdoor
bark waste storage.
− Following equipment will be shutdown:
− Existing indoor chip storage 1 with western and eastern receiving devices
− Existing cross-cutting and debarking area.
Wastewater from the woodyard, fibreboard and plywood production area is directed to a
local wastewater pre-treatment facility.
Option
new pulp
dryer
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7.1.2 Pulp Mill 1 & Pulp Mill 2
Pulp Mill 1
The scope of the project includes:
− Shutdown of linerboard production and decommissioning of the high-yield pulp
cooking and washing
− Shutdown of the air-flash drier
− Shutdown of cooking/washing, bleaching, drying of the bleached softwood pulp
production at the cord pulp production line
− Shutdown of the existing Pulp Mill 1 due to obsolete technology and significant wear
of main equipment, systems, buildings and structures.
Pulp Mill 2
The scope of the project includes:
− Installation of new equipment for production of market bleached softwood pulp
− Modernization of hardwood pulp line with single-stage oxygen delignification and
new bleaching stage
The figure below shows an example of the new softwood fibreline to Ilim Bratsk
Rebuild, from the impregnation vessel to the bleached MC storage tower. The SW
fibreline is dimensioned for a capacity of 1942 ADt/d bleached softwood. The fibreline
is divided into four sections after cooking; the first is the Deknotting and Screening
Area, the second is the Brown Stock Washing, the third is the Oxygen Delignification
Area where the pulp is further delignified with oxygen. The fourth is the Bleaching
Area, which is the final step in the fibreline, where the pulp is bleached to the desired
final brightness.
FIGURE 7/3
Pulp line from cooking to MC-tower. Source: Metso.
Figure 7/4 presents hardwood fibreline from cooking to pulp storages.
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Bratsk No.2 Pulpmill HW line 1 existingKamyr hydraulic digester
HW 15-17 kappa
35% birch, 65% aspen
vacuum filter
4m d x 14 m
pulp storage
x00 M3
pulp storage
x00 M3pulp storage
x00 M3
vacuum filter
4m d x 14 m
knotters
vacuum filter
4m d x 14 m
New oxygen
delig.
FIGURE 7/4
Hardwood fibreline from cooking to pulp storages. New oxygen delignification is
marked with red colour. /2/
Cooking
Softwood cooking design capacity will be 2050 ADt/d. Kappa number in digester blow
line is 33 and alkali charge is 21 % EA as NaOH. The impregnation of the chips is
performed in a separate vessel and cooking is performed in continuous cooking digester.
The weak gases from the impregnation vessel and the blow tank are collected and sent
with other DNCG gases to treatment in the mill-wide DNCG system. The Figure 7/5
presents compact cooking system.
FIGURE 7/5
Compact cooking system in softwood fibreline. Source: Metso.
Knotting and Screening
Pulp from the digester blow tank is pumped through three parallel screens. Pulp
screening at pressure screens removes of all types of impurities. Knots and shives are
separated during rough screening and are then returned to re-cooking.
Brown Stock Washing
All presses after the screen room are displacement presses, where pulp is washed by
displacing the liquor surrounding the pulp with cleaner liquor from a subsequent
washing stage. After the displacement the pulp is pressed to a consistency of about 30%
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in the press nip and finally diluted in the dilution screw to about 8-9% by means of
liquor from the subsequent stage, i.e. the press combines the two washing principles,
displacement and dilution/thickening.
Oxygen Delignification
Oxygen delignification is carried out in two stages at medium consistency with two
upflow reactors. Following the oxygen delignification stage the pulp is further washed
in two post oxygen presses. See chemical consumptions in the Table 7-2.
TABLE 7-2
Chemical consumption in oxygen delignification in softwood fibreline.
Chemical consumptions in O2 delignification Softwood
NaOH (Oxidized white liquor) kg/ADt 36
Oxygen, O2 kg/ADt 24
Magnesium sulphate, MgSO4 kg/ADt 2.5
There will also be new single-line oxygen delignification in hardwood line.
Bleaching
There will be new softwood bleaching line with bleaching sequence D-EO-D-D. In
addition, the hardwood bleaching line will be converted to ECF bleaching, to
DE(Wash)DED sequence. Figure 7/6 presents an example of D-EO-D-D bleaching line.
FIGURE 7/6
Illustrative figure of D-EO-D-D bleaching in softwood fibreline. Source: Metso.
The purpose of the bleaching plant is to remove the remaining lignin in the pulp and to
increase and stabilize the brightness of the pulp. Washing the pulp ahead of the bleach
plant in the post oxygen presses reduces the consumption of bleaching chemicals,
allows medium consistency pulp, 12%, to be delivered to the bleach plant, and also
functions as a pH barrier between subsequent bleaching stages.
The oxygen delignified softwood pulp is bleached with a D-EO-D-D sequence. The
bleaching chemicals used include chlorine dioxide (ClO2), alkali (NaOH) and oxygen
(O2). To adjust pH ahead of each bleaching stage, sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and/or alkali
(NaOH) is used. After first D stage pulp is washed with two vacuum filters and after
other bleaching stages, pulp is washed with wash presses
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Main characteristics of softwood bleaching are:
− Bleach plant sequence is D-EO-D-D
− The annual capacity for bleached pulp production 655 000 ADt/d
− Final brightness 90 %ISO
− Oxygen delignified kappa 13
Main characteristics of hardwood bleaching are:
− Bleach plant sequence is DE(Wash)DED
− The annual capacity for bleached pulp production 270 000 ADt/a
− Final brightness 90 %ISO
− Oxygen delignified kappa 13
Table 7-3 shows bleaching chemical consumptions for softwood and hardwood
bleaching.
TABLE 7-3
Bleaching chemical consumptions in new softwood and hardwood bleaching when
bleaching sequence is D-EO-D-D. Source: Metso and /2/.
Bleaching chemical consumptions Softwood Hardwood
Chlorine Dioxide, ClO2 (active Cl) kg/ADt 49 46
Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH kg/ADt 16 17
Sulphuric Acid, H2SO4 kg/ADt 8 8
Oxygen, O2 kg/ADt 5 5
Sulphur Dioxide, SO2 kg/ADt 2-3 2-3
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7.1.3 Pulp Drying
New softwood pulp drier, with design capacity of 2100 ADt/d, is installed to existing
building. Bleached stock screening ahead of drying machine consists of slotted
pressurized screens in three stages. The drying machine consists of Fourdrinier type
former part, press section with shoe press, airborne dryer, heat recovery and cutter
layboy. There are two baling lines each of the lines including automatic machines for
weighing, bale pressing, wrapping and folding, tying and stamping and unitizing.
Discharge of the baling lines in warehouse is done with overhead crane or forklifts.
Figure 7/7 presents diagram of the new pulp drying machine.
Hardwood pulp is dried with existing Rauma-Repola drier, design capacity of
900 ADt/d.
FIGURE 7/7
Pulp drying machine; bleached pulp screening, wet end, dryer, cutter and baling.
Source: Metso.
7.1.4 Chemical Recovery
Evaporation
The existing evaporation plant is divided to two plants, Evaporation Plant 1 (softwood)
and Evaporation Plant 2 (hardwood).
The design capacity under the project, 953 t/h evaporated water, is achieved by
integrating an additional five-effect pre-evaporation, with a design capacity of 175 t/h
evaporated water, to Evaporation Plant 2, refurbishment of existing concentrators
(design 82 t/h) and installing a new concentrator, with design capacity of 27,2 t/h.
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Liquor from hardwood fibreline is introduced to the new pre-evaporation train which
produces 30 % liquor to be partly used as sweetening liquor in feed liquor tanks and
partly to increase dry solids content in 15% weak liquor tanks. From feed liquor tanks
liquor is pumped to existing two evaporation trains where liquor is concentrated up to
52-53 % dry solids content and stored to 52% HW liquor tanks.
Weak black liquor from the new softwood fibreline is concentrated up to 52-53 % dry
solids content in the Evaporation plant 1 which consist of five evaporation trains in
parallel and then stored to 52% SW liquor tanks.
Liquors coming from the HW and SW liquor storage tanks (at dry solids 52%) are
mixed together and introduced to re-tubed existing concentrators. After being
evaporated from dry solids content 53 % to 68 % strong black liquor is pumped to
liquor strong storage tank. Liquor from the strong storage tank is pumped to new
concentrators. After being evaporated from dry solids 68 % to 75 %, the liquor is
flashed and pumped to heavy liquor storage tank. From the storage tank, the liquor is
pumped to recovery boilers 12 and 14.
Two fractions of secondary condensate will be taken out from new pre-evaporation train
- clean (A) and foul condensate (C). The foul condensate from existing mill and new
pre-evaporation train is sent to the stripping column to be treated; released gases are
taken to the Concentrated Non Condensable Gas (CNCG) system and the cleaned
condensate reused in the pulp mill processes.
Soap separation from black liquor takes place mainly in the feed liquor tanks but also in
the intermediate liquor tanks. Separated soap is pumped to existing crude tall oil plant.
Figure 7-8 shows simplified flowsheet of Evaporation plant 2 and concentrators. Silver
colour indicates new/refurbished equipment and brown colour existing equipment.
FIGURE 7/8
Simplified flowsheet of Evaporation 2 and concentrators. Source: Metso.
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Recovery Boiler
In order to meet the increased black liquor firing demand one new Recovery boiler 14
with the capacity of 3000 tDS/d will be installed inside existing building and Recovery
boiler 12 is modified to capacity of 1750 tDS/d. The steam parameters for the new
boiler will be 4.0 MPa (operating pressure) and 450 °C. Design pressure will be 9.0
MPa to enable future invest and installation of new turbine. The existing recovery boiler
11 will be taken out of service.
The feed water from the existing tank is supplied to the recovery boiler with three feed
water pumps; two of the pumps are running and the third one is stand by. Feed water is
preheated, vaporized and superheated in the boiler. Superheated steam is introduced to
the existing turbines.
Sootblowers are utilized to remove ash deposits from the superheater, boiler bank and
the economizer. Steam for the sootblowing is taken from the outlet header of primary
superheater 2.
The mixture of concentrated black liquor is pumped from the evaporation plant to the
recovery boiler and burned in the furnace. The combustion air for black liquor firing is
introduced into the furnace at three distinct elevations with the primary, secondary and
tertiary air systems. Diluted non condensable gases (DNCG) from are mixed with
tertiary air and burned in the boiler.
Flue gas from the boiler is treated in the electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and fly ash is
removed from gas. The precipitator has two chambers with three electrical fields each.
The dissolving tank and mixing tank vent gases are ducted to a vent gas scrubber and
further to the electrostatic precipitator.
The smelt from the furnace ends in the dissolving tank in which it is cooled and
dissolved in weak wash, which then forms green liquor. The green liquor is thereafter
pumped to the white liquor plant. Figure 7/9 presents new recovery boiler side view.
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FIGURE 7/9
New recovery boiler 14. (Source: Metso)
White liquor plant
No modifications foreseen to the existing White Liquor Plants (WLP 1 and WLP 2), just
connecting lines to the new departments.
7.1.5 Power Plant
In addition to the existing bark and wood waste boilers the power plant includes the new
recovery boiler 14 and the rebuild recovery boiler 12 using black liquor as fuel. Process
steam for the mill is taken from the extractions of the existing turbines.
The new recovery boiler 14 uses condensate (and possibly make-up water) from the
existing water treatment plant. Recovery boiler 14 is connected to existing 4.0 MPa
steam header which goes to the existing turbines. Also 1.3 MPa and 0.45 MPa steam
ducts, pipes with cooling, sealing, hot and cold water, compressed air ducts, pipes with
condensate, fuel oil, chemicals and drainage from boiler delivery limits are connected to
the existing networks.
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7.1.6 Chemical Plant
Integrated Chlorine Dioxide Plant
To meet up required chlorine dioxide (ClO2) capacity new integrated chlorine dioxide
process (R6) is installed alongside with existing process (Mathieson). New process
consists of three integrated production areas: the production of chlorine dioxide, as well
as the two intermediate products (sodium chlorate and hydrochloric acid). There will be
two new chlorine dioxide plants 30 t/d and 15 t/d.
The Integrated Chlorine Dioxide System was developed whereby the chlorine dioxide
plant is integrated with a sodium chlorate electrolysis plant. The integrated chlorine
dioxide system is based on a hydrochloric acid reduction of sodium chlorate. The
integrated system requires chlorine (Cl2), supplied from existing chlorine plant, as the
only raw material feedstock, with no production of undesirable effluents. Chlorine
dioxide is produced without the use or production of sulphur containing compounds. In
addition, the integration of the sodium chlorate production with the chlorine dioxide
production eliminates totally the need to purchase, transport and handle sodium chlorate
and the other raw chemicals. Figure 7/10 presents R6 process.
FIGURE 7/10
Simplified flowsheet of R6 Chlorine dioxide system. Source: Aker Solutions.
Oxygen Plant
New oxygen plant is installed based on Vacuum Swing Adsorption (VSA), with design
capacity of 100 tO2/d. The VSA system produces 93% oxygen gas from compressed air
by adsorption of the air’s nitrogen into molecular sieve. The oxygen is delivered to the
pulp mill as gas by compressors (2 compressors with 55% of the total oxygen capacity
each). Figure 7/11 presents VSA process.
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FIGURE 7/11
Simplified flowsheet of VSA process. Source: Air Liquide.
There will be no change in the chlor-alkali production. The chlor-alkali plant balance
will change, creating a small excess of chlorine for external sales.
7.1.7 Water Emission Control Techniques
The upgraded mill will use many environmental BAT technologies, which will decrease
wastewater loading, i.e.:
− New debarking line.
− A new softwood fibreline with
− cooking and bleaching with low fresh water consumption
− high energy efficiency and efficient recovery and circulation of chemicals, fibres,
rejects and water.
− oxygen delignification before the bleach plant. This will lower the kappa number
before bleaching and decrease the organic loading to wastewater treatment.
− bleaching with chlorine dioxide, which will decrease the organic and AOX
loading as well as certain VOC releases from wastewater.
− Upgrade of the existing hardwood fibreline with
− oxygen delignification before the bleach plant in order to lower the kappa number
before bleaching. This will decrease the organic loading to wastewater treatment.
− bleaching with chlorine dioxide, which will decrease the organic and AOX
loading as well as certain VOC releases from wastewater.
− Chlorine dioxide production with an R6 type plant, which will generate only a small
amount of chemical load to wastewater.
− In-mill pre-treatment of debarking plant and fibreboard and plywood mill wastewater
before feed to the central wastewater treatment plant.
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7.1.8 Air Emission Control Technologies
Dust control
The air emissions of the new woodhandling comprise dust emissions which controlled
with dust collection system in the debarking drum and air tight equipment. The new
recovery boiler 14 flue gases will be cleaned in a 2-chamber (3 fields per chamber)
electrostatic precipitator (ESP) to reduce dust emissions. The recovery boiler dissolving
tank and mixing tank vent gases are ducted to a vent gas scrubber and further to the
electrostatic precipitator.
Non-condensable gas control
Dilute non-condensable gases (DNCG), which contain e.g. reduced sulphur compounds,
will be collected from the new softwood pulp line and the new pre-evaporation plant.
Gases will be led to incineration in the new recovery boiler 14 and the sulphur will be
recovered. As a back-up there is a torch burner.
E
VA
P
TA
N
K
F
AR
M
EV
AP
O
R
AT
IO
N
P
LA
T
ESP
Collection tank
Stripper
RB #14
RB CNCG burner
Pumping tank unit
Droplet separator
Pumping tank unit
Droplet separator
Foul condensate tank
Steam ejector
C
N
C
G
b yp as s to b oi le r h
ou se ro of SO
G
b yp as s to b oi le r h
ou se ro of Vacuum pump unit
Back-up torch burner
Pressurized black liquor tank
CNCG
SOG
Foul condensate
FIGURE 7-12
Simplified CNCG diagram. Source: Metso.
TRS control
TRS emissions of the new recovery boiler 14 are reduced by efficient combustion
control, high dry solids and keeping CO low.
NOx-control
NOx emissions from the new recovery boiler 14 are reduced by ensuring proper mixing
and division of air in the boiler.
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SO2 control
Low SO2 emissions are achieved through high dry solids black liquor combustion.
Other
In the new bleach plant the ClO2 containing vents from the D-stages are collected and
scrubbed with alkaline sodium sulphite water to remove the residual chlorine dioxide
from the vent gases.
The integrated chlorine dioxide plant sources of gaseous emissions comprise gas vent
stack from the sodium chlorate plant, vent stack of the hydrochloric acid scrubber, and
vent stack of the chlorine dioxide absorption tower.
Existing equipment
Air emissions from the existing hardwood pulp line, evaporation plant 1, evaporation
tank area, recovery boiler 12, bark boilers, white liquor plants remain as today.
7.1.9 Water Supply
The Bratsk mill water consumption will reduce after rebuild. No changes are needed to
the existing water intake, treatment or supply.
TABLE 7-4
Water consumption figures after pulp mill rebuild.
Water
consumption in
present situation,
million m3/a
Estimated Water
consumption after
pulp mill rebuild,
million m3/a
Permit,
million m3/a
Total water intake from the
Bratsk Reservoir: 198 152 227
For process needs, total: 167 122 195
− Pulp mill 131 85.4
− Other industrial
consumers 15.7 15.8
− Irkutskenergo power
plant 17.3 17.3
− Cottage houses 0.1 0.1
− Aluminum production
plant 3.1 3.1
Potable and domestic
consumption total: 31.2 30.3 32
− Pulp mill 6.6 5.7
− Other industrial
consumers 1.3 1.3
− Municipality 23.1 23.1
− Irkutskenergo power
plant 0.2 0.2
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7.1.10 Wastewater Treatment
Generation
The mill upgrade will not affect the main concepts of wastewater collection from the
mill. However, the renovation of the mill results at least the following changes in
production departments:
− The internal sewering of the new softwood fibreline and its connections to the main
collection sewers will be different from the existing line.
− New woodyard facilities will be connected to the collection network.
− Stormwater from the new woodyard and chip handling area will be connected to the
existing stormwater collection system.
− In-mill local wastewater treatment for the woodyard and fibreboard and plywood
mill effluents, to separate suspended solids and some organic matter before discharge
to the main collection sewer and feed to the central wastewater treatment plant.
− The system will comprise of a drum separator followed by chemical treatment in a
flotation system.
− The estimated removal efficiency of this local treatment is 95 % for suspended
solids, 32 % for BOD5 and 51 % for COD from these effluents.
Wastewater Treatment Plant
Despite of increasing pulp mill capacity the estimated wastewater loading from the
upgraded pulp to the central wastewater treatment plant will drop for most of the key
pollutants:
− The hydraulic load will decrease and allow better equalization of wastewater quality
in the treatment system due to the increasing detention time in the basins. This
improves performance of solids separation in the clarifiers in result of lower surface
load.
− The implementation of BAT with an oxygen delignification stage for pulp and the
overall modernization of the softwood pulp line will decrease the organic wastewater
loading and improve in-mill spill control. Thus the existing biological wastewater
treatment will have better capacity to remove contaminants and more reserve to
handle possible load peaks from the mill.
− The specific and total load of AOX will decrease significantly in result of ECF
bleaching. Thus IFC-Guidelines and EU BREF targets will be met.
In conclusion the capacity of the existing treatment plant is deemed sufficient to treat
the wastewater from the upgraded mill. Because of the age of the most parts of the
existing plant it is necessary to maintain it properly. In long-term major repairs or
replacement of process equipment is necessary to meet the regulatory environmental
performance.
The estimated average performance of the wastewater treatment plant after the pulp mill
upgrade is presented in Table 7-5.
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TABLE 7-5
Average performances of the wastewater treatment after the pulp mill rebuild.
Item Unit To biological
treatment
After biological
treatment to
Vikhoreva river
Change in treated
effluent discharge
compared to the
present mill
Flow rate m3/d
m3/ADt
m3/ADt
270 435
270 085
107 (1
101 (2
-147 715 (-35 %)
-108 (-50 %)
-107 (-51 %)
Suspended solids mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
81.4
22.0
9.3
2.5
0.99 (1
0
-0.31 (-24 %)
BOD5 mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
189
51.0
7.0
1.9
0.75 (1
-0.4 (-17 %)
-0.45 (-38 %)
COD mg/l
t/d
kg/ADt
632
170.9
218
59.0
23.3 (1
-13.7 (-19 %)
-14.1 (-38 %)
AOX mg/l
kg/d
kg/ADt
5.5
1500
1.9
505
0.20 (3
-1459 (-74 %)
-1.34 (-87 %)
Nitrates mg/l
mg/l as N
0.11
0.5
0.12
Nitrites mg/l
mg/l as N
0.012
0.05
0.015
Ammonia nitrogen mg/l as N 1.67 1.5
Phosphate, as P mg/l 0.2 0.3
Phenols mg/l 0.88 0.02
1) Calculated based on the total wastewater load in the wastewater treatment plant and total market pulp
production. The total effect of wastewater contaminants from Irkutskenergo, Teplovodokanal and
fibreboard, veneer and sawmill production is low compared with the pulp mill.
2) Based on wastewater flow rate from the pulp mill and related production departments.
3) Based on bleached pulp production.
Because of the considerably lower specific wastewater amount after the upgrade the
concentration of many key parameters will increase despite of the lower total load.
7.1.11 Chemical Storage and Usage
Caustic soda, sodium chlorate, hydrochloric acid and chlorine dioxide will be generated
and used on site. Chemicals, which will be purchased, imported to site and stored before
use in the respective areas. The storing and handling of purchased chemicals will
comply with the Russian Dangerous Goods act.
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All the chemicals defined in the Russian Dangerous Goods act will be stored at site with
all chemical tanks being bounded to prevent damages to environment due overflows and
tank rupture. The handling of chemicals will comply with the Russian Dangerous Goods
act.
A detailed hazard analysis, risk assessment and information concerning how the risks
associated with chemicals will be managed according to the dangerous substances,
workplace, health and safety, electricity and gas safety legislation will be undertaken
during the detailed engineering phase of the project.
All storage and process facilities at the mill will be constructed, maintained, and
operated in accordance with all relevant Russian chemical safety standards. Dangerous
substances, workplace, health and safety, electricity and gas safety legislation will be
undertaken during the detailed engineering phase of the project.
7.1.12 Maintenance of Remaining Facilities
During the next 6 years Ilim Group plans to spend up to $6 million annually for capital
repair and renewal of Bratsk mill facilities that will not be upgraded or shutdown during
the project. It provides that all remaining equipment will function properly.
7.2 Future Wood Supply
After implementation of the project own and third party wood supplies to the Bratsk
Mill of Ilim Group will grow by more than 1.2 million m3. Wood delivery volumes will
be increased through organization of contractor harvesting operations in Ust-Uda and
Chunsky cutting sites (See Figures 7/13 and 7/14).
FIGURE 7/13
Potentially productive areas for contractor harvesting.
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Arrangement of the land areas where new forestry operations (related to the project) will
be conducted is presented in Figure 7/2. New arias’ Annual Allowed Cut includes more
than 60% of softwood species.
FIGURE 7/14
Chunky and Ust-Udda areas Annual Allowed Cut (AAC).
Ust-Uda is already under Ilim Group’s lease. Chunsky forest area is planned to be
leased in the nearest future.
Additional wood supply by third parties will be mainly from Ust-Kutsky,
Nizhneilimsky, and Chunsky Districts (Figure 7/15).
FIGURE 7/15
Potentially productive areas to increase supply of third party wood.
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There will be no additional space required for operations except described above rent.
Potentially more than 40 small-scale companies can be used as suppliers. Forestry
management policies and forest management system is applied in Ust-Uda area and will
be applied in Chunsky as soon as the lease will be secured. Existing FSC certificate
covers new wood supply operations as well as existing. Cut-to-length and full-tree
methods are used for harvesting wood. Wood transportation system will be the same as
now.
Existing Ilim Group’s procedures and practices will be applied for all new suppliers to
avoid illegal and improper forest operators.
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7.3 BAT Analysis for the Future Pulp Mill
7.3.1 General
In a BAT analysis of the Bratsk Pulp Mill Rebuild it is important to understand the
overall conditions and prerequisites. The project includes several changes and new
investments that will impact on the overall environmental situation of the mill. A full
BAT analysis limited only to the new project is difficult to perform due to the
interrelation between existing and new departments. A clearer approach is a BAT
analysis of the overall pulp mill including new and existing operations.
In the BAT analysis presented below the focus is put on the specific emission figures
and their comparison to guidelines. This report refers to IFC, which is International
Finance Corporation, member of World Bank Group and their Environmental
Guidelines (2007) which is later referred to as IFC-Guidelines and EU IPPC Reference
document (2001) on Best Available Techniques which is later referred to as EU BREF.
The discussion of specific technologies and methods, and their compliance with BAT, is
not fully included in this analysis. A full analysis of the technologies and measures
would have required more specific data on the existing operations.
The selected technologies for the new project are primarily based on the state-of-the-art
technology and methods. This implies that the selected solutions fulfil BAT
requirements related to the particular technology.
The comparison of the air emissions to guidelines are shown in Table 7-6 below.
The comparison of the wastewater discharges to guidelines is shown in table 7-7 below.
7.3.2 Air Emissions
The future air emissions have been estimated based on the calculations presented in the
OVOS /1/. Table 7-6 presents specific air emissions emitted from future pulp mill
integrate, including both the new and the revamped pulping lines.
The dust emissions from lime kiln present 90 % of all emitted dust. Total dust emissions
including lime kilns would be 1.2 kg/ADt. Lime kilns are not reconstructed in this
phase.
Total NOx emissions including lime kilns would be 1.1 kg/ADt.
Table 7-6 presents comparison of the Bratsk Pulp Mill after Rebuild with EU BREF,
December 2001 and IFC-Guidelines.
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TABLE 7-6
Comparison of the Bratsk Pulp Mill Rebuild with EU BREF and IFC-Guidelines.
Pulp Mill After Rebuild EU BREF IFC-Guidelines
Dust, kg/ADt without lime kilns 0.19
Dust kg/ADt whole pulp mill 1.2 0.2 – 0.5 0.5
SO2 as S, kg/ADt 0.07 0.2 – 0.4 0.4
NOX, as NO2, kg/ADt 1.1 1.0 – 1.5
1.5 for hardwood
2.0 for softwood
TRS as S, kg/ADt 0.14 0.1 – 0.2 0.2
As shown by the table above the emissions of the upgraded mill will meet EU BREF
and IFC-Guidelines targets with the exception of dust for the whole pulp mill.
7.3.3 Wastewater Discharge
The comparisons of final treated wastewater discharge from the upgrade mill integrate
to the guideline targets are presented in the table below.
TABLE 7-7
Comparison of final treated effluent discharge to EU BREF and IFC-Guidelines.
Item Unit Present
situation- after
treatment to
Vikhoreva
River
Pulp mill
rebuild after
treatment to
Vikhoreva
River
EU BREF IFC-Guidelines
Flow rate m3/ADt
m3/ADt
215 (1
208 (2
107 (1
101 (2
30-50 (bl.)
50 (bl.)
pH 6-8 6-8 6-9
Suspended
solids
kg/ADt 1.3 (1 0.99 (1 0.6-1.5 1.5
BOD5 kg/ADt 1.2 (1 0.75 (1 0.3-1.5 1
COD kg/ADt 37.4 (1 23.3 (1 8-23 20
AOX kg/ADt 1.54 (3 0.20 (3 less than
0.25
0.25
Total nitrogen kg/ADt 0.26 (4 0.17 (4 0.1-0.25 0.2
Total
phosphorus
kg/ADt 0.007 (5 0.01 (5 0.01-0.03 0.03
1) Calculated based on the total wastewater load in the wastewater treatment plant and total market pulp
production. The total effect of wastewater contaminants from Irkutskenergo, Teplovodokanal and
fibreboard and plywood production is low compared with the pulp mill.
2) Based on wastewater flow rate from the pulp mill and related production departments.
3) Based on bleached pulp production.
4) The figure includes only ammonia, nitrate and nitrite nitrogen, not organically bound nitrogen.
5) The figure includes only phosphate phosphorus.
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The specific figures for the existing mill have been calculated for total unbleached and
bleached pulp production, but the upgraded mill will produce only bleached pulp. As
shown by the table the treated effluent of the upgraded mill will meet EU BREF and
IFC-Guidelines targets for suspended solids, BOD5 and AOX and also almost for COD.
However, the whole flow will be above the guidelines.
Nitrogen and phosphorus discharge can’t be directly compared with the international
targets, because the estimated treated effluent values are not evaluated for total nitrogen
and phosphorus. However, with controlled dosing of phosphorus and nitrogen nutrient
chemicals, the EU BREF and IFC-Guidelines targets are expected to be met.
It shall be noted that the upgraded softwood pulp line has modern performance
characteristics so its wastewater characteristics are planned to comply with
environmental guideline principles. However, specific effluent flow rate and organic
load from the existing hardwood pulp line, debarking and some other departments will
not meet the modern targets in full, which affects on the total load from production and
the resulting combined wastewater to the treatment and treated effluent from the mill.
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8 ALTERNATIVES TO THE PROPOSED EXPANSION OF THE BRATSK MILL
The proposed project is a result of investigations of economically reasonable long term
Bratsk mill operation.
As described in Chapter 5 Bratsk mill facilities are 30-40 years old. Some mill
equipment like most of Pulp Mill 1 facilities are out-of-date and do not meet neither
international (BAT), nor Russian requirements for pulp industry. Significant
investments to maintain production operations are needed and have no return.
Recovery Boilers 11 and 12 operational permits are valid till 2011-2012 and to keep the
boilers workable high-scale renewal is needed. Also keeping of existing facilities in
operation cannot allow decreasing environmental impact. Increasing financial
compensation of harm to environment will lead the mill to be economically not
sufficient and finally to be closed.
An important aspect in considering alternatives is that Bratsk mill has very significant
role in the local employment and social and economic welfare of the region. A
shutdown of the mill will create significant negative social effects and effects on the
whole community.
Also, according to Ilim, construction of a greenfield mill in other location cannot be
considered as an economically reasonable option taking into account financial issue and
related Russian regulations.
The project of Bratsk mill expansion utilises of existing well developed infrastructure
including energy, transport, forestry and other. Therefore investments are acceptably
efficient.
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9 ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS
9.1 Methodology used
A logical and systematic approach has been carried out to identify potential impacts.
The aim has been to take into account of all of the important environmental/project
impacts and interactions, making sure that indirect and cumulative effects, which may
be potentially significant, are not inadvertently omitted.
The impact identification process has pinpointed the key issues and has classified them
into impact categories for further evaluation. Likely significant impacts are the assessed
in terms of possible mitigation measures.
The principal methods used for impact identification are checklists and professional
judgement.
9.2 Forestry Operations
The annual amount logs supplied to the mill will increase by 1.3 million m3. The new
logging areas are indicated in chapter 7.3. In general, there is no additional impact to
environment from forest operations expected due to mainly using of existing supply
channels and using proper forest management system operation.
Logs transports from harvesting areas to mill will increase by about 25%. The
infrastructure and transportation systems are in place for such change. No significant
impact of secondary effects by transportation is expected.
Currently forests are significantly impacted by industrial air pollution. The rebuild
project will slightly increase air emissions which affect forest ecosystems and soil
nutrition.
It is expected that the mill expansion will create about 400 additional indirect jobs in the
haulage and harvesting.
9.3 Impact on Flora and Fauna
The anticipated environmental impact from the pulp mill rebuild concludes that no
significant negative changes in the flora, top soil, fauna, habitat, numbers and sizes of
animal population are expected.
Vikhoreva River, Angara River and Ust-Ilimsk reservoir are presently affected by water
pollution entering water systems. The impact on aquatic organisms such as plankton,
bottom communities and fish resources are considerable in the most polluted part of the
water systems such as the Vikhoreva River. But significant impacts are likely to be
present in Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay and locally in Angara River close to the mouth of
Vikhoreva River.
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As the changes in pollution loads caused by pulp mill rebuild are relatively small, it is
not expected that the overall impacts on aquatic organisms will change significantly.
The potential impact changes will be positive.
A major positive impact is, however, the reduction of chlorinated organic substances.
Specifically persistent non-biodegradable organic compounds will be reduced
considerably through the change of bleaching technology (from elemental chlorine to
chlorine dioxide). The rate of accumulation of these compounds in aquatic organisms
can be expected to gradually reduce.
In conclusion, after pulp mill rebuild, significant changes in local impact on the flora
and fauna are not expected. Adaptation of modern production technology will reduce
the generation of chlorinated organic matter into effluent which is considered to have a
significant positive impact on aquatic environment.
9.4 Air Quality
9.4.1 Air Quality Methodology
Quantities and concentrations of main air pollution parameters emitted from every
single stationary source have been calculated both for existing situation and for future
after pulp mill rebuild. The data has been the basis for further air emission dispersion
modeling. The calculations and modeling has been carried out by Poyry-Giprobum as
part of OVOS work /1/. Calculations of contaminants dispersion in ground layer of
ambient air have been executed with the certificated unified program for calculation of
atmosphere contamination (Ecologist version 3.0).
The analysis of the calculation results for dispersing of the contaminants affected by the
project and the emission sources to the ground-level contamination modeling are
described in OVOS. Maps of dispersing for different contaminants for current mill
operation and forecast for after the rebuild operation are also available in OVOS.
Creation of more convenient conditions for transfer and dispersal of impurities in the
atmosphere from new contamination sources will lead to marked reduction of groundlevel concentrations.
9.4.2 Air Quality Impacts
According to calculations, the emission load of main air pollution parameters will
increase after pulp mill rebuild by 8-50% with the exception of Total Reduced Sulphur
that will decrease by almost 50%. The amount of NOx is estimated to increase by 50%
compared to present situation. The increase in air emission is related to the increase of
pulp production rate. Although the new production units are more efficient with lower
specific emissions, total amounts are slightly higher (15%).
In a larger context, the present gross air emission loads from Bratsk pulp mill represent
about 5% of total air emissions in the Bratsk area. The overall increase in gross air
emissions in Bratsk area is 0.8%.
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TABLE 9-1
Emission of main air pollutants from Bratsk pulp mill. Present and after pulp mill
rebuild.
Air Pollutant Present, t/a After pulp mill rebuild, t/a
Dust (1 1155 1245
SO2 as S 50 68
NOX as NO2 683 1019
Total Reduced Sulphur
compounds (TRS) as S 248 128
1) Including sodium sulphate, sodium carbonate and calcium oxide
According to the assessment of compliance with local requirements, the rebuild of the
mill will result in the following consequences regarding air quality:
− The environmental impact of the evaluated parameters will not exceed the
boundaries of the sanitary zones for
− Na2S
− carbon (soot)
− particulate matter
− sulphur dioxide
− chlorine
− methanol
− Increase in pulp production volumes will not increase atmospheric air contamination
level for
− sodium carbonate
− nitrogen oxide
− benzopyrene
− particulates
− Reduction in concentrations of pollutants in air in the proximate residential areas are
expected for the following:
− methanol
− dimethyldisulfide
− dimethylsulfide
− methylmercaptan
− turpentine
− wood dust.
The conducted analysis of the resulting calculations for contaminants dispersal has
shown that in all reference points for all analyzed ingredients, except for hydrogen
sulfide and methyl mercarptan, the forecasted single maximum concentrations do not
exceed maximum permissible level.
The anticipated increase in total air emission loads for NOX and dust are attributed to
the increased production rate. On general perspective and in comparison with total area
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emissions the changes compared to present are marginal and no negative impacts are
expected.
9.5 Noise
9.5.1 Noise Methodology
Noise level was calculated using the specific formula in accordance with regulations.
The detailed sound pressure calculations can be found in OVOS /1/.
9.5.2 Noise Impacts
In order to evaluate the sources of noise in the pulp mill, the expected level of sound
pressure (noise levels) on the border of the sanitary protection zone and the nearest
residential area was calculated using Garant–Noise–Spectrum calculation module that
ensures proper calculation of sound pressure levels (noise levels) from noise sources in
a territory (a group of territories).
According the evaluation the sound pressure at border will slightly decrease after
reconstruction of the new mill. More information can be found from OVOS /1,
Appendix E1 & E2/.
9.6 Water Quality
9.6.1 Water Quality Methodology
In the assessment of impacts in the receiving water body quality simple dilution
calculations have been carried out. The anticipated future wastewater characteristics
have been used in dilution calculations.
9.6.2 Water Quality Impacts
General
The anticipated water quality impacts of pulp mill rebuild varies significantly depending
on the location in the Vikhoreva River - Ust-Vikhorevski Bay – Angara River – Ust
Ilimsk Reservoir water system. Most accurately impacts can be assessed close to the
mill discharge point in Vikhoreva River. As the river further flows some 200 km
through areas of population and industrial activities as well as through less inhabited
areas before entering the Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay there are likely considerable other
discharges of pollutants but also inflow of clean water from adjoining streams and
creeks. Therefore, assessment of the impacts of pollutants originating from mill effluent
far downstream in the river and in subsequent water systems is challenging.
Also, the seasonal variations make impact assessment difficult. From the monitoring
results of control points in Vikhoreva River it can be seen that the present impact of
COD from mill on water quality is considerable in wintertime but much less obvious in
late spring. Both background concentrations and river flow in Vikhoreva River varies
significantly with season.
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Furthermore, the assimilative effect of Vikhoreva River is likely relative high of
components such as BOD, COD and other specific organic compounds. This can be
concluded from monitoring data in the control points.
Considering the above, the rationale of a reliable assessment of the impact in UstVikhorevsky Bay and Angara River is questionable.
In general the environmental loading caused by the treated mill effluent in the
Vikhoreva River - Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay – Angara River – Ust Ilimsk Reservoir water
system will decrease. The impacts will be most obvious close to mill effluent discharge
point, and then gradually diminish as the river approaches Angara and likely marginal in
Angara River.
Impacts of changes in bleaching technology in pulp bleaching
The present use of molecular elemental chlorine as a bleaching agent in pulp bleaching
results in the formation and release of a wide range of chlorinated organic compounds
into the effluent. The chlorinated organic matter is measured as the sum parameter of
AOX (Absorbable Organic Halides). The use of elemental chlorine in bleaching
generates relatively high amount of chlorinated organics and with a high degree of
substitution. Also, highly persistent dioxins and furans (2,3,7,8-TCDD and 2,3,7,8TCDF) have been identified as potentially being produced during chemical pulp
bleaching using elemental chlorine. These compounds are considered being a
considerable risk to the receiving environment and the food chain.
The substitution of chlorine with chlorine dioxide in pulp bleaching (ECF bleaching)
has shown to result in reduction in the quantities of organochlorines produced, and the
degree of chlorine substitution in the organochlorines formed. This, in turn, leads to
reduced persistence, reduced potential for bioaccumulation and food chain transfer,
reduced toxicity and reductions in adverse ecological effects. Virtually no dioxins have
been detected in ECF bleaching effluents.
The environmental consequences of ECF bleaching are described in several publications
in the literature. In conclusion, the features of ECF bleaching are:
− Treated wastewater from well-managed pulp and paper mills employing ECF
bleaching is virtually free of dioxin and persistent bioaccumulative toxic compounds.
− The other chlorine-containing organic compounds resulting from ECF bleaching
have a composition similar to that of natural compounds, degrade naturally, do not
persist in the environment and present a negligible environmental risk to aquatic
ecosystems.
− The toxicity of the whole mill effluent from modern mills is generally very low and
shows no correlation to the levels of AOX from ECF bleaching.
− There is no evidence available to indicate that further reductions of effluent AOX
from the level of 0.5 kg/ADt would result in any demonstrable environmental
benefit.
− In global terms, if mills currently using molecular chlorine were to switch to ECF
bleaching, a greater reduction in AOX would be achieved than if mills currently
using ECF bleaching sequences switched to TCF sequences.
− The remaining environmental effects of modern mills (e.g. sub-lethal toxicity to
aquatic organisms) cannot be predicted from the bleaching sequence alone. Future
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evaluations of these environmental effects should focus also on other unit operations
within the mill (e.g. wood handling, cooking, washing, screening, spill and foul
condensate handling).
− The ECF bleaching process is considered BAT in [IPPC BREF]
− Organic halogen (OX) content of pulp is a suitable parameter for assessing the
aquatic eco-friendliness of ECF pulp production.
Even though no monitoring data is available on AOX or specific organochlorines in the
present situation it may be concluded that the pulp mill rebuild will reduce the
emissions of these compounds and their effects and thus improve significantly overall
environmental impact.
Vikhoreva River
Even though environmental loads to Vikhoreva River are reduced but as a result of
lower mill water consumption the concentration of key pollutants in the Vikhoreva
River will change only slightly with the exception of a significant reduction in AOX.
Table 9-2 indicates the changes in pollutant concentration in mill effluent and
theoretical near field dilution effect in Vikhoreva River. As shown in the table, the
average concentrations of pollutants in Vikhoreva River are not expected to change
from present levels significantly. The exception is AOX or chlorinated organics that
will be reduced in mill effluent and river. However, since no data on background
concentrations for these compounds are available, the magnitude of impact cannot be
quantified.
The reason why the pollutants concentrations will not change to a larger extent due to
the pulp mill rebuild is the reduction in water use in pulp mill. More efficient water
usage will increase the concentrations in wastewater.
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TABLE 9-2
Estimated changes in concentrations of pollutants in treated mill effluent and
Vikhoreva River.
Parameter Treated mill effluent River
upstream
from mill
discharge
Theoretical downstream
near field diluted
concentration in the river
Present Pulp Mill
after
Rebuild
River
upstream
from the mill
discharge
Present Pulp Mill
after
Rebuild
Flow rate, m3/s 4.84 3.13 9.45 (avg.) 14.29 12.58
CODcr mg/l 174 218 21 73 70
BOD5 mg/l 5.5 7.0 1.4 2.8 2.8
TSS mg/l 6 9.3 4.1 4.7 5.4
AOX mg/l 4.7 1.9 na 1.6 (1 0.5 (1
Total N mg/l na na na
NH4-N mg/l 0.96 1.5 0.65 0.75 0.86
NO2 mg/l 0.047 0.05 0.021 0.03 0.03
NO3 mg/l 0.644 0.5 na
Total P mg/l na na na
PO4 mg/l (as P) 0.217 0.3 0.27 0.25 0.28
Phenols mg/l 0.014 0.014 0.001 0.0054 0.0042
1) Based on the assumption that river water AOX upstream from the discharge is null.
Angara river
Table 9-3 indicates the theoretical changes in pollutant concentration after the mill
upgrade in the mill effluent discharge, after the Vikhoreva river in the river bay
discharge to the Angara river and after dilution to Angara River. As discussed above
this assessment is highly unreliable due to the large water system between mill
discharge point and discharge point into Angara river.
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TABLE 9-3
Estimated changes in concentrations of pollutants in treated mill effluent and
Angara River.
Parameter Treated mill effluent Discharge from the
Ust-Vikhorevsky
bay to the Angara
river
Downstream near field
concentration of Angara
River (left bank side)
Present Pulp Mill
after
Rebuild
Present Present After pulp
mill
rebuild
Flow rate, m3/s 4.84 3.13 na 2870 2870
CODcr mg/l 174 218 21.1 12.20 12.15
BOD5 mg/l 5.5 7.0 1.3 1.0 1.0
TSS mg/l 6 9.3 < 3.0 < 3.0 < 3.0
AOX mg/l 4.7 1.9 na na na
Total N mg/l na na na na na
NH4-N mg/l 0.96 1.5 na na na
NO2 mg/l 0.047 0.05 0.02 0.013 0.013
NO3 mg/l 0.644 0.5 0.76 0.41 0.41
Total P mg/l na na na na na
PO4 mg/l (as P) 0.217 0.3 0.09 0.06 0.06
Phenols mg/l 0.014 0.014 0.002 0.0005 0.0005
1) Based on the assumption that river water AOX upstream from the discharge is null.
The estimated changes in pollutant concentrations compared to present situation for
Ust-Vikhorevsky Bay and further Ust-Ilimsk reservoir and Angara River must be
considered relatively marginal. However, as the total load of pollutants in pulp mill
effluent will be reduced, the environmental impact in these recipients will be positive,
specifically due to the reduction in chlorinated organic compounds.
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9.7 Solid Waste
In 2008, the total amount of waste at the Bratsk Mill was 614 548 t/a, subdivided into
the following hazard classes:
− Hazard class 1 2.3 t/a
− Hazard class 2 0.8 t/a
− Hazard class 3 341 t/a
− Hazard class 4 471 814 t/a
− Hazard class 5 142 389 t/a
In addition, 656 400 t/a of solid waste was used at the industrial site and 5 800 t/a was
transferred for disposal and recycling to third parties and 151 100 t/a disposed at the
facilities owned by the company. 184 800 ton of waste was received from third parties
in year 2008.
Waste is collected and placed at the industrial site based on the type and origin. There
are specially equipped temporary storages for certain waste.
Expected annual amount after pulp mill rebuild is estimated to be 800 000 t/a. Table 94 presents hazard class and amounts of waste in present situation and after pulp mill
rebuild situation.
TABLE 9-4
Waste generation after rebuild. /1/
After Pulp Mill Rebuild, t/a
Description of waste
Waste
generation at
the industrial
site
Use at the
industrial site
Transferred to third
parties
Storage in the
sludge ponds
Total, hazard class I 2.3 0.0 2.3 0
Total, hazard class II 12 120 12 100 0.8 0
Total, hazard class III 345 170 0 170
Total, hazard class IV 450 000 384 000 1 670 64 200
Total, hazard class V 275 500 7 750 2 940 142 400
Wastes are listed in detail and their quantities are indicated according to Russian
classification for 2008 /1, p.249, Table 5.4.1/.
Proposed rebuild will result in higher waste generation as compared to the standard
rates set for the industrial site /1, Appendix D2/.
Wastes after implementation of the rebuild project are listed with indication of their
quantity in Table 5.4.1. Information on waste-generating facilities and their physicochemical characteristics is provided based on approved hazard waste passport /1,
Appendix D3/.
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9.7.1 Landfill Development
The specifications of the sludge ponds used to store (dispose) industrial waste are
provided in OVOS /1, Table 5.4.2 and Appendix D4/.
9.7.2 Impacts of Solid Waste
Table 9-5 shows the wastes generated in the present situation and after pulp mill
rebuild.
TABLE 9-5
Comparison of waste generation in the present situation and after pulp mill
rebuild.
Description of waste Present amount of waste, t/a
After Pulp Mill Rebuild, t/a
Total, hazard class I 2.3 2.3
Total, hazard class II 0.8 12 120
Total, hazard class III 345 345
Total, hazard class IV 471 900 450 000
Total, hazard class V 142389 275 500
9.8 Social and Economic Aspects
9.8.1 Social and Economic Impacts
The following overview of the socio-economic impacts makes reference to the impacts
of the existing operations of the Bratsk Mill and associated operations of Ilim Group as
well as the expected socio-economic impacts of the Bratsk Mill and associated
operations as a result of the mill expansion.
9.8.2 Employment Impacts
On-site Employment
Ilim Group is a significant employer in Bratsk. In 2009 Ilim Group employed
approximately 6200 full time persons at Bratsk and the associated operations of Ilim
Group. In 2014 our expectations are to employ approximately 6000 full time persons at
Bratsk and the associated operations. The Ilim Group expectations are to handle the
modest reduction of full time persons at Bratsk and the associated operations with
natural attrition which will amount to more than 300 positions over the relevant time
period.
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Project Associated Employment
At its peak, the construction of the new softwood pulp line at Bratsk is expected to
directly employ 1700 persons generating significant expenditures and economic benefits
in the region, albeit on a temporary basis. The majority of the workforce will be sourced
from the local region with additional workforce sourced from other areas of Russia and
some overseas countries.
It is expected that the mill expansion will require an additional 400 indirect jobs in the
haulage and harvesting industries.
9.8.3 Economic Impacts
The economic impacts associated with large capital investment projects can be divided
into those associated with construction and those associated with ongoing operation of
the mill. While the construction impacts are generally of a one-off nature they can be
significant particularly in a regional context due to consumption induced expenditure.
The key direct economic impacts flowing from the expansion of the existing mill are
discussed below. 
Local Economy
At 2008 mill production levels the turnover of the Bratsk Mill was approximately 13
billion rubles (or $510 million). The 2008 total tax payments were approximately 1.4
billion rubles. The 2008 Charitable contributions were approximately 46 million rubles.
It is expected that the mill expansion will continue to contribute and increase the value
of the Bratsk Mill and associated operations to the local economy. At 2014 production
levels, the turnover of the Bratsk Mill is expected to be approximately 27 billion rubles
(or $725 million). The 2014 total tax payments are expected to increase 43% to
approximately 2 billion rubles. Charitable contributions are also expect to increase and
amount to 315 million rubles over the time period through 2014.
The increased scale of the Bratsk Mill will require an additional 1.3 million m3 of
pulpwood per year providing substantial opportunities for harvesting operations,
transportation, and the equipment suppliers to these companies. In addition, the
increased demand for wood will result in enhanced saw log supply giving greater
opportunities to local sawmills.
The expansion of the existing mill will make a positive contribution to Russia’s balance
of trade through expanding exports of softwood market pulp. All of the additional
production capacity will be exported.
9.8.4 Education and Training Programs
During the expansion of the existing Bratsk Mill, Ilim Group recognizes the need for a
coordinated training and skill development capability to ensure an appropriate level of
competency in the range of skills required. As well as providing for successful mill and
forest operations per se, the training programs are seen as an important aspect of the
socio-economic contribution of the mill to the regional community. The same attention
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to training and skill development as was applied for the existing mill development will
be applied to the mill expansion.
There are two main aspects to the training and skill development task: training during
the construction period and training for ongoing operations.
Construction Phase
The mill’s existing training strategy will be modified to account for the training needs of
the proposed expansion. Prior to the construction phase beginning, mill personnel will
determine the specific training needs for the construction workforce. Key areas for
training in the construction phase will include: Occupational Health & Safety, confined
spaces, working at heights, mobile plant, rigging and docking, and welder testing, works
with high voltage.
Mill Operations
Ilim Group currently operates an extensive training program. This comprises specific
mill-based training programs: each of main equipment contracts includes obligations of
vendors for operator training services. Also the company will continue providing
outside training. This training will be modified to include required maintenance and
operational training on new equipment and processes.
9.8.5 Traffic Impact
The mill has own railway platform for receiving materials and other goods and for
shipment of products. Railway will be used for transportation of all mechanical
equipment and almost all of construction material except concrete during the project
implementation.
It is expected that project implementation will not significantly affect the transport
infrastructure of the city and region as well as traffic.
9.8.6 Conclusions
The existing mill operations have had a substantially positive socio economic impact on
the local region in terms of employment, tax payments, charitable contributions, and
general income for the region. The mill expansion will significantly improve the
already positive socio economic impacts of Bratsk Mill. The creation of a larger market
for pulpwood will create significant new business opportunities and improve Russia’s
balance of trade through greater exports of softwood market pulp. Ilim Group also
intends to continue investing in local training schemes for the construction phase of the
mill expansion.
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9.9 Energy Production and Use at the Mill
Table 9-6 presents comparison of energy consumption to IFC-Guidelines.
TABLE 9-6
Comparison of heat and energy consumption to Guideline. /2/
IFC-Guidelines Present Pulp Mill after Rebuild
Heat Energy GJ/ADt 10-14 20.4 15.5
Electricity kWh/ADt 600- 1 200 1 245 931
The Recovery boiler is being purchased for 90 bar operation to enable the installation of
a new turbine in the future.
The current project will enable the mill to be self sufficient on liquor and bark generated
steam. Steam purchases from the on-site utility will be discontinued.
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10 ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT
10.1 General
The Bratsk pulp mill is located in an industrial area with a concentration of many large
industrial production plants. In general, the area is considered polluted with regard to
air, water and soil (groundwater). However, the Bratsk pulp mill is only one contributor
to the overall environmental pollution load.
The overall environmental impacts of the Bratsk pulp mill rebuild project are considered
positive or neutral. The installation of new production units based on the state-of-the-art
technology will bring clear environmental benefits in improved energy and raw material
usage efficiencies, solids recovery and water usage. The change of bleaching technology
from elemental chlorine to chlorine dioxide will reduce the generation of chlorinated
organic compounds substantially. Also, the emission of odorous compounds (TRS) will
be reduced clearly and the impact will be felt in the surrounding community.
Despite the overall pulp production increase, the total emission loads to water will be
reduced, to air slightly increased and for other environmental impacts generally
unaffected.
10.2 Fishery Restoration Program
The program of compensation for impacts caused by the activity of the mill to UstIlimsk water reservoir resources is developed and approved by Angara-Baikal territorial
department of Russian Federal Fisheries Agency. The program defines the magnitude of
the impact.
A project of restocking fish in Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir has been developed. The
project is also approved by Angara-Baikal territorial department of Russian Federal
Fisheries Agency.
In 2010 Bratsk mill concluded the contract with the company Riborazvedenie to
perform fish-rearing and ameliorative works in Ust-Ilimsk water reservoir for RUR 3
million. For the sum of the first payment peled caviar is purchased and incubated
(1,200,000 pcs).
The Bratsk mill has been financing this kind of fishery program for more than 10 years.
During this time period the Bratsk Mill has financed about RUR 30 million of fish
stocks.
10.3 Sanitary-protection Zone
With purpose of minimizing impacts to the community and to atmosphere, to prevent
soil degradation, and to beautify the Bratsk Mill site, the mill provides landscaping and
cleaning works on Sanitary Protective Zone in accordance with the measures included
in Project of Sanitary Zone Landscaping developed in 2001. Principles works
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undertaken in the last several years include: snow removal, trash incineration, deadwood cutting, and landscaping. The combined expenses for the period 2004-2009 were
RUR 7.14 million. The plan for 2010 is RUR 0.5 million for these purposes.
According to Russian regulations, after implementation of the project the mill will start
development of the new project of a sanitary - protective zone. The basic calculations of
the borders of sanitary - protective zone carried out on the basis of annual, multiplefactor natural measurements.
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11 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING
11.1 Environmental, Health and Safety Management System
Ilim Group will continue to maintain and improve existing mill’s Environmental, Health
and Safety management system taking in account changes related to the project. Ilim
Group will operate the rebuilt mill in accordance with appropriate operating procedures.
The current EHS management system is described in chapter 5.4.3. Bratsk Mill will
continue to work according to the system after the modernization and all project related
issues will utilize the existing system.
Training and induction of all personnel will be conducted outlining the safety and
hazard issues associated with operation of the rebuilt mill. All documentation such as
emergency plans, safety records and changes to operation practices will be maintained
and all changes will be communicated to staff and contractors.
11.2 Environmental Management Plans
Actually, implementation of the proposed project is main part of environmental action
plans, based on which authorities approved current limits and permits for Bratsk mill.
The project in combination with Ilim Group’s forestry development plans for Irkutsk
and Krasnoyarsk regions is included to the Russian government list of hi-priority
projects of the Russian forest industry development.
11.3 Emergency Response
Emergency response plans and actions are part of integrated Environmental, Health and
Safety management system and meet requirements of international standards and
Russian regulations.
The mill has set of emergency response plans for each of facilities where response
actions are described. Continuous training and examination of personnel is performed as
required.
Preparation of emergency plans for new facilities will be made based on relevant
Russian regulations, project documentation and instructions from vendors.
11.4 Environmental Monitoring
11.4.1 Water Quality Monitoring
The mill will continue to perform water quality monitoring in accordance with Russian
environmental legislation requirements both on site sewers and receiving waters.
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11.4.2 Air Monitoring
The mill will continue to perform air emission monitoring in accordance with Russian
environmental legislation requirements both on sources of emission and on control
points around the site
All new sources of emissions will be monitored.
11.4.3 Other Aspects Monitoring
The mill will proceed with all requirements of Russian federal, region and local
regulations to monitor necessary aspects.
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References
1. OVOS English version:
ZAO Giprobum-Poyry OJSC Ilim Group, the Bratsk Mill of OJSC Ilim Group rebuild,
Environmental Impact Assessment.
(EIA). 26.05.2010.
2. Data and information supplied by Ilim Group representatives.
3. Wikipedia, map of Bratsk. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Yeniseirivermap.png
ANNEX I
The Bratsk of Ilim Group Mill, site plan with reference points marked
G
IP
R
O
B
U
M
-P
Ö
Y
R
Y
C
JS
C
Sanitary protection zone
1, 2 lift
Station of
Land use boundaries
Specified sanitary protection zone boundaries
M
ill site area
1, 2
Brine extraction facility
Advanced w
aste
treatm
ent
riv. Vikhoreva
9
1000
13
R
eference point according to the actual
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
M
axim
um Perm
issible D
ischarges' D
ocum
ent
14
R
eference point under the Project
14
15
16
17
18
20
19
Y
X
ANNEX II
IlimKhimProm Balance for Chemical plant
BRINE PRODUCTION
raw brine generation
capacity:
design 120 m3/h
actual 80 m3/h
main equipment:
- drillholes
design actual
6 5
standard rates:
design actu
al measuri
ng unit
nonsolvent 0,92 0,92 k/m3
river water 2,23 1,7 m3/m3
power 4,6 5,1 kWh/m3
CLEANED BRINE PRODUCTION
brine cleaning
capacity:
design 200 m3/h
actual 115 m3/h
main equipment: design actual units
«КС» devices 2 2 items
raw brine tanks 2 1 items
cleaned brine tanks 4 4 items
mechanical filters 5 4 items
standard rates:
raw brine 0,525/1,01 0,595/1 m3/m3
sodium carbonate 2,16 3 k/m3
Salt acid 1,77 4,178 k/m
polyacrylamide 0,0022 0,006 k/m3
alkali el. 0,846 1,3 k/m3
power 3,38 3,3 kWh/m3
heat 0,14 0,1 Gcal/m3
river water 0,3 - m3/m3
pressed air 20,7 17 Nm3/m3
ELECTROLYSIS
Electrolytic chlorine and electrolytic alkali generation
capacity:
design actual units
of alkali 130000 89700 t/y
of chlorine gas 120000 78000 t/y
Current load
design actual
50/50 50/50
electrolyzer #:
design actual
240 174
Standard rates:
design actual units
Brine 10,04 10,586 m3/t
Sulfuric acid
98%/100% 20,2 20,2 k/t
Oleum 8,65 865 k/t
Thiosulfate - 0,78 k/t
Power 2580 3068 kWh/t
Heat 0,045 0,05 Gcal/t
River water 8 19,44 m3/t
Pressed air 5 9,4 Nm3/t
Nitrogen 1,7 1,6 Nm3/t
Chlorine storage area, chlorine and sulfur dioxide
evaporation station.
capacity : design actual units
-evaporated chlorine 4,98 2,5 t/h
-evaporated sulfur dioxide 1.42 0.7 t/h
standard rates: design actual units
- silica gel 0,016 k/t
- coal 0,0054 k/t
- power 18 kWh/t
- river water 6,83 m3/t
- heat 0,1 Gcal/t
There are standard rates for liquid chlorine
production only presented in the project.
SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE GENERATOR
capacity:
design actual
19600 t/y 10100 t/y
Reactor #:
design actual
4 4
Standard rates:
design actual units
Chlorine gas 0,71 1 t/t
Caustic soda 100% 1,27 1,27 t/t
Power 51 48 kWh/t
River water 72 20 m3/t
Heat 0,27 0,22 Gcal
SODIUM CHLORATE PRODUCTION -
PRODUCT
capacity:
Design 12500 t/y
Actual 11560
standard rates:
design actual units
power 293 265 kWh/t
water 165 76 m3/t
heat 1,9 2,64 Gcal/t
sodium chlorate 1 1 k/t
CHLORINE DIOXIDE PRODUCTION
capacity:
Design 7300 t/y
Actual 5175 t/y
Line #:
Design 3
Actual 3
Standard rates:
design actual units
Chlorate 100% 1670 1900 k/t
Sulfur dioxide 600 660 k/t
Sulfuric acid аcc. 1,258 1,35 t/t
Electrolytic alkali - 0,1 k/t
River water 286 260 m3/t
Heat 0,11 0,19 Gcal/t
Pressed air 60 50 m3/t
Power 409 323 kWh/t
SODIUM CHLORATE PRODUCTION-
electrolysis
capacity:
Design 25000 t/y
Actual 20100 t/y
electrolyzer #:
Design 128
Actual 88
standard rates:
design actual units
cleaned brine 2,35 2,6 m3/t
caustic soda 30,5 17,8 k/t
salt acid 31% 37 38,1 k/t
carbamide 100% 0,47 0,2 k/t
bichromate 100% 3,35 2 k/t
power 8354 6750 kWh/t
water 32,6 23,5 m3/t
heat 0,364 0,33 Gcal/t
pressed air 284 1000 Nm3/t
nitrogen 900 1250 Nm3/t
El. liquor evaporation. Caustic soda generation
capacity:
Design 130000 t/y
Actual 84000 t/y
Evaporator station #:
design – 3,
actual – 2
standard rates: design actual units
electro-liquor 1,025 1,04 t/t
salt acid 20% 6 6 k/t
power 121 121 kWh/m3
heat 3,15 3,82 Hl/m3
river water
summer/winter
35/30 35/30 m3/t
pressed air 101 250 Nm3/t
Chlorine liquation.
Liquid chlorine generation.
capacity:
design actual units
Liquid chlorine 92500 66240 t/y
Cooling machines #: design actual
2 2
Cooling machine supports the production rate if there is chlorine
gas available
standard rates: design actual units
Freon – 12 0,25 0,35 k/t
Silica gel 0,02 0,014 k/t
Activated carbon 0,005 0,003 k/t
Power 149,5 104 kWh/t
Heat 0,14 0,14 Gcal/m3
River water 41,1 41,1 m3/t
SULFIRIC ACID GENERATION
capacity:
design actual units
Salt acid 31% 21871 4950 t/y
Salt acid 20% 6100 2300 t/y
Line #:
design actual
3 2
Standard rates:
Salt acid 31% Salt acid 20%
design actual units design actual units
Chlorine gas 0.304 0.304 t/t 0.196 0.196 t/t
Inhibitor - - 25 9 k/t
Power 24.6 25 kWh/t 13 12 kWh/t
Pressed air 8.38 8.4 m3/t 5.38 5.4 m3/t
Nitrogen 122.5 122.5 Nm3/t 79 79 Nm3/t
Hydrogen 11.5 11.5 k/t 7.4 7.4 k/t
Ilimhimprom balance scheme
NITROGEN, OXYGEN, PRESSED AIR
PRODUCTION
capacity:
design actual units
Nitrogen 29820 22500 tnm3/y
Oxygen 3919 1715 tnm3y
Tech. air. 155520 50800 tnm3/y
Air separation units:
design actual
Air separators 3 3
Compressors 3 3
Standard rates:
design actual units
Nitrogen
Power 400 400 kW/tnm3
River water 35 44 m3/tnm3
Oxygen
Power 2867 2563 kW/tnm3
River water 187 160 m3/tnm3
Air
Power 100 85 kW/tnm3
River water 8 7,4 m3/tnm3
ANNEX III
Mill Process Overview
Cl2, NaOH
ClO 2 to HW line
Cl2, NaOH, NaClO
Market turpentine
Green liquor
Cl 2
White liquor
Foul
condensate
SW
Market tall oil
-6
Market
oil pitch
Market fatty acids
Crude tall oil
Evaporator No. 1, 2
Cl 2
W
ea k liq
uo r White liquor
pulp
HW
pulp
pulp
knots
B
la ck li qu or c= 75
%
pulppulp
pulp
pulp
pulppulp
Th ir dpa rt y SW
c hi ps Wood
and
bark
waste
Wood
and
bark
waste
HW
Lime stone
CaCO3
CaO
B
la ck li qu or White liquor
PL-2 SW Pulp Line
SW chips
655 000 market SW pulp
270 000 market HW pulp
Finished
products
warehouse
Rough
screening
Cooking
Bleached pulp
screening and
drying
Bleaching
C/D-E/O-D1-D2
Fine
screening
Oxygenalkali
treatment
PPP-2
-3Foul condensate deodorizing
Evaporator No. 1,
2, 3, 4, 5
Cooking Rough
screening
Fine screening Bleaching
C/D-A1-H-D1-A2-D2
Bleached pulp
screening and
drying
HW chips
PL-2 HW Pulp Line
Pre-evaporator
Crude tall oil plants
Wood chemicals
productions
Compressor
station
Concentrators
Superconcentrators RB 12
RB 14
Lime recovery Green liquor
causticizing
Ilimkhimprom
SW chips HW chips
Outdoor chip
storage No. 1
Outdoor chip
storage No. 2
Outdoor chip
storage No. 3
Outdoor chip
storage No. 4
Woodyard Woodyard
SW SW
SW chipsHW chipsSW chips
- current
- new
- after rebuild
pulp
Bark boilers
RP-1; RP-2
Crude soapIndoor chip storage
Stripping
column
Clean condensate
NaOH
Market HCl
Market
NaCl 3
NaC lO
2
For pulp
production
Oxygen plant
Cl 2
NaC lO3
NaCl
Market
Na H
NaOH
HC l
C lO2
production
C lO2 production
C l2
Cl 2
ClO 2 to SW line
H2
Crude soap
Figure 4.2
ANNEX IV
Industrial Sewage and Wastewater Quality Monitoring Control Points at
Bratsk Mill
PPP-3
L1
E
CCW
L2
PW1
PW2
SSW
BTP 1, 2
IWPS
Biological Treatment Plant, stages 1 and 2
Industrial wastewater pumping stations
Liquor containing wastewater, stage 2
Polluted wastewater, stage 1
Polluted wastewater, stage 2
Sludge sedimentation water
Where:
Liquor containing wastewater, stage 1
Fiber-containing wastewater
Conventionally clean wastewater
Wood Chemicals Production
Line
sediment
from
sludge from the
se di m en t 8
28
5
4
3
2
1
sludge
from
Turbine
shop
sulfate
sludge to WTF
L1
E
PW2
L2
L2
PW 1
BT
P-
1
BM
Flakt
Bleaching shop
CWT-1
CWS Recaustisizing
plant1, 2
R&M
h TPP-6
Bleaching
Solutions
РС and tall
oil
Highly
Water
Hydrolysis Yeast
Plant 1
(does not
Hydrolysis Yeast
Plant 2
(does not
Warehouse
s Circulat
CWS
Evaporation
Water
Treatm
CWT-2Veneer
Production
Wood
IWPS 5
Woodyard-2
LPS
Wood
Fiberboar
d BWS
Aeration pond No. 1
L1
E
Sludge ponds 2 and 3
Saw and
Wood
Resin
shop
PW1
PW 1
PW1
PW1
PPP-3
BT
P-
2
Pond 2
Treated wastewater
discharge points
The Vikhoreva
E
Drying shop
R&M
h EE
tra
ps oi l CC
L1
14
\
37 3938 35
1
CCW
19
\
Pond 3
L2
Diagram of the industrial sewage and wastewater quality control points at the industrial site of the Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group
Softwood Pulp and Board Production
Line
Hardwood Pulp PL
E
mechanical
treatment
di i l
BAT
SS
W
SSW
E
E
washing
station 3
station
6
PW 2
PW1
IWPS
8
11
26
24
25
27
910
12
1518
17
29
33
20
21
23
40
7
Softwood Pulp and Board
Production Line
22
Industrial Wastewater
Treatment Facilities (IWTF)
41 42
16
13
Chemicals
E
Boiler shop -1
Evaporation shop
OOO IB DOC
PPP-2
Bleaching
shop
IWPS 4
Drying
shop
Boiler shop -2
Turbine
shop
34
36
3132 30
ANNEX V
Public Hearings minutes
1
Attested
Deputy Major for industry
and consumer market
Mr.Moskovskikh S.G.
Minutes of
the public hearings on the
Declaration of Intent for technological development and assessment of
environmental impact of the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group
Bratsk November 10, 2009
The purpose of the hearings:
To have discussions with parties involved, experts at environmental, healthcare,
science and community leaders about suggestions and comments to the Declaration
of intent for technological development and assessment of environmental impact of
the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group
Facilitators:
Municipality of Bratsk.
The public hearings were arranged according to the Bratsk City Major Ordinance
#1770 of October 07, 2009 published in the Bratskiyie Vesti newspaper on October 09,
2009. The procedure was specified in the Regulations and approved on November 03,
2009.
Place and date:
8, Pobedi bulvar, municipal secondary general school #46, school hall; November 10,
2009, 05.00 p.m.
04.30 – 05.00 p.m. Registration of the hearing’s participants.
270 participants registered.
05.00 – 05.10 p.m. Opening remarks of the Bratsk Deputy Major
Mr.Moskovskikh S.G.
Today we are conducting public hearings on the Declaration of Intent for
technological development and assessment of environmental impact of the Bratsk
Branch of Ilim Group. It is one of the major enterprises in Bratsk being at the same
time one of the main contaminators of surface water sources, and air. The mill is over
40 years old. And, of course, the equipment as well as manufacturing processes have
become out-of-date. To have forward and competitive positions on the global market
the mill must be fundamentally re-built. As a result the mill will operate and people
will have jobs.
Of course for us, the citizens, it is important to know how the mill will be re2
built, what will be done according to the project design. The environmental quality
and social and economic situation in the city will depend on it.
The Bratsk City Municipality supports the re-build of the mill that provides for
solid investments to the manufacturing industry; it is the only way to improve
environmental, as the announced in the Declaration engineering decisions are aimed
first of all to cut the local ecosystem load. The Municipality has developed the
municipal program Environmental protection and security to the citizens up to 2012.
It provides for significant improvements in ecological situation in the city. To our
opinion the environmental actions from the Declaration perfectly fit in the municipal
environmental program.
Today during the hearings we would like to know the opinions about the sufficiency
of actions to improve the living standards, also to hear the constructive
recommendations about the mill’s re-build.
To hold hearings we should shape the working body. I invite Ms Sinegibskaya Alla
Dmitriyevna, the Head of initiative ecological group Eco Centre of the Bratsk State
University, and Dean of science faculty at the Bratsk State University, to be chairman
of the hearings.
Chairman Ms Sinegibskaya: we continue to shape the working body. I invite
Ms Golubkova Galina Vladimirovna, Chief of environmental safety and control
department at the Municipality to be the secretary of the meeting.
I invite three people to be the members of the secretariat: Ms Kushnarenko
Natalya Vyacheslavovna, Director for the Irkutsk public regional ecological
organization Initiative, Ms Danchenko Nadezhda Igorevna, representative of the
Initiative organization, Ms Yerofeyeva Marina Rostislavovna, chief of Eco Centre of
the Bratsk State University.
Everybody present can leave his/her recommendations and notes in a written
form with the secretariat.
Let me introduce the officials – participants at our hearings:
1. Bratsk Municipalality:
- Mr.Moskovskikh Sergey Grigorievich, Deputy Major for manufacturing
industry and consumer market
- Yushkov Nickolay Nickolayevich, Industrial policy committee chairman
2. Representatives from Ilim Group Bratsk Branch:
- Batischev Vladimir Nickolayevich – Director for Production and investments,
Business Unit East - Bratsk Branch Director;
- Potapova Lidiya Ivanovna – Director for Economics and Finance;
- Buneyeva Raisa Fiodorovna – Chief process engineer;
- Shebedeva Tatyana Gennadievna – Director for business services;
- Voyevodskaya Elena Vladimirovna – HR Director;
- Sikov Nickolay Trofimovich – Director for labour, industrial, environmental
safety;
3
- Vardashkin Sergey Yurievich – Director of charity fund Ilim Garant
- Knyazkin Andrey Sergeyevich- Director for legal support
3. Representatives from the company – designer of the Declaration:
- Goncharov Alexander Ivanovich – chief engineer, OAO SibGiproBum;
- Kuzina Olga Gennadievna – chief environmental engineer, OAO SibGiproBum;
- Kemyayeva Nina Mikhailovna – chief process engineer, OAO SibGiproBum
4. Representatives from voluntary societies:
- Sinegibskaya Alla Dmitriyevna, the Head of initiative ecological group Eco
Centre of the Bratsk State University
- Yerofeyeva Marina Rostislavovna, chief of Eco Centre of the Bratsk State
University.
- Kushnarenko Natalya Vyacheslavovna, Director for the Irkutsk public regional
ecological organization Initiative,
- Danchenko Nadezhda Igorevna, representative of the Initiative organization
Facilitator of the Public hearings is Municipalality of Bratsk City. The public hearings
were arranged according to the City Ordinance #1770 of October 07, 2009 published
in the Bratskiyie Vesti newspaper on October 09, 2009. The procedure was specified in
the Regulations approved on November 03, 2009.
To inform the participants of the hearings about the allocation and availability
of the Declaration of Intent for technological development and assessment of
environmental impact of the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group, the floor is given to
Ignatenko Oxana Vladimirovna, the reader in environmental, the Bratsk State
University.
According to the Ordinance #1770 of October 07, 2009 the Declaration of
Intent for technological development and assessment of environmental impact of the
Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group was allocated:
1. The industrial policy committee, Municipality, Bratsk, 37, Lenina Str.;
2. The Central District Administration committee, Bratsk, 26, Podbelskogo Str.
3. The Padunskiy District Administration committee, Bratsk, 49a,
Gidrostroiteley Str.
4. The Pravoberezhniy District Administration committee, Bratsk, 25,
Tsentralnaya Str.
5. The Bratsk State University, Bratsk, 40, Makarenko Str.
6. The municipal educational centre for children Ecology&biology centre,
Bratsk, 136, Pionerskaya Str.
The content of allocated draft of the Declaration:
1. OJSC Ilim Group. Declaration of Intent for technological development and
4
assessment of environmental impact from the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group. Vol.1.
Sewage disposal. (The letter of comment). – Irkutsk, 2009. 38 pages.
2. OJSC Ilim Group. Declaration of Intent for technological development and
assessment of environmental impact from the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group. Vol.2. The
mill’s environmental impact. (The letter of comment). – Irkutsk, 2009. 66 pages.
3. OJSC Ilim Group. Declaration of Intent for technological development and
assessment of environmental impact from the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group. Vol.3.
Industrial safety. (The letter of comment). – Irkutsk, 2009. 26 pages.
4. OJSC Ilim Group. Declaration of Intent for technological development and
assessment of environmental impact from the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group. Vol.4.
General Letter of comment. – Irkutsk, 2009. 124 pages.
The information about public hearings to be held on the Declaration of Intent for
technological development and assessment of environmental impact of the Bratsk
Branch of Ilim Group was published in:
- the Bratskiye Vesti newspaper #42 on Oct. 16, 2009
- the Znamya municipal newspaper #38 on Oct. 16, 2009
- the Svobodniye Novosti newspaper #37 on Oct. 16, 2009
- the Bratskiy Universitet newspaper #35 on Oct. 16, 2009
The Information on public hearings, and the draft of the Declaration of Intent for
technological development and assessment of environmental impact of the Bratsk
Branch of Ilim Group were posted on the Municipality official website
http ://www.bratsk-city.ru, also in the newscast in the Fact program (the Bratsk
television and radio broadcasting company) on Oct. 14, 2009
Chairman Ms Sinegibskaya A.D.:
The draft of the Declaration of Intent for technological development of the Ilim
Group Bratsk Branch has already been discussed at:
- the session of Deputy environmental board of the City Duma on Nov. 06, 2009;
- two panel discussions with experts and representatives from the state regulatory
authorities; the minutes of the discussions were delivered to the ordering company.
There are already 10 citizens of Bratsk on the list to speak about the Declaration
of Intent for technological development and assessment of environmental impact
from the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group.
Those who want to speak may enter the list of speakers with the secretariat. I
ask all speakers to forward their recommendations and notes on the Declaration in a
written form.
People present at the hearings may also leave their concerns and
recommendations in a written form with the secretariat.
All statements arrived will be included into the records of today’s hearings.
If there is someone who wants to get acknowledged with the Declaration he
5
may address to the secretariat.
I ask the secretariat to record all remarks and criticism pronounced during the
hearings.
Reglament of the hearings
Let me inform you about the rules of today’s public hearings approved on Nov.
03, 2009 by the Major of Bratsk.
The representatives from related to the re-build of Bratsk mill parties ask for 5060 minutes to present major expected directions of the mill’s engineering
development.
Questions to the speakers – up to 1 min.
People will speak about the Declaration according to the filed applications.
Each speaker is allocated up to 5 min., repeated speeches should be up to 3 min.
Total time for debates about the Declaration – about 60 min (1 hour).
I ask people who will ask questions and debate to introduce themselves to have their
names recorded.
After the debates we will capsule the discussion.
So, the total time for the hearings will make about 2.5 hours. I suggest that we
have a 15-minutes break after 1.5 hour of the hearings.
I remind you that all notes and recommendations on the Declaration delivered in
writing will be included into the records of the hearings.
The floor is given to Mr Batischev Vladimir Nikolayevich, Director for
manufacturing and investments Business Unit East - Bratsk branch director, to report
on technological development and assessment of environmental impact from the
Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group (40 minutes).
Batischev Vladimir Nikolayevich - Director for manufacturing and investments
Business Unit East - Bratsk Branch director
Good evening, dear citizens of Bratsk, colleagues! Today I want to inform you
about the Declaration of Intent for technological development and assessment of
environmental impact of the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group.
The mill has experienced three important stages of development: the first was in
1960s. The country was hungry for pulp and paper products, and the city of Bratsk
was built. At that time the best experts, some from abroad, were working in Bratsk
introducing best practices. The second stage was in 1970s, when the mill was started
up. The Bratsk mill became the centre of the entire network of wood-processing
enterprises, as well as of Ust-Ilimsk. The time was passing by, and the machines were
getting out-of-date. During the perestroika’s period nothing was done to improve
manufacturing practices at the mill. Having all those problems we entered into the
period of market economy. By all means, the mill could not compete with other mills
being in such a poor condition. I want to emphasize here that thanks to intelligence,
public spirit, skills of the mill’s engineers and workers, the mill – BLPK, its previous
6
name, now we say the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group - manages to survive in poor
conditions. And I suppose it is clear to everybody that having only public spirit and
passion we will not be able to work in the future. The mill ultimately needs to be rebuilt. The board of directors, shareholders - everybody realizes that. The Business
plan had been developed, and we asked SibGiproBum to make a draft of the
Declaration of Intent for technological development and assessment of environmental
impact of the Bratsk Branch of Ilim Group. And now the result of their and I can say
our work will be shown to you.
You can see the goals of our technological development that are as follows: to
be more competitive; to have more output; to reduce environmental load, which is
very important to the citizens; to carry out the social and economic obligations
guaranteed; to maintain social stability in the city of Bratsk, in Irkutsk region, and
speaking in general, in the country – all based on the competitive operation of the mill.
These are the actions how we will achieve our goals:
- to close up dirty low-efficient technological lines. It is a secret to nobody that
the first plant was built in 1965, and since then everything has worn up and should be
modified;
- to build clean, high-efficient lines to manufacture low-cost, high quality
products;
- to cut the consumption of chemicals and fresh water;
- to introduce power-saving practices;
- to provide high-paying, skilled jobs with better working conditions for
employees.
The re-build will take several steps. The first is the shutdown of dirty
technological line for bleached softwood pulp. Instead, we will build a new
sophisticated mill for bleached softwood pulp with the output of 665 thousand
tons/year. Next step is power. Recovery boiler #11 will be shutdown. A new recover
boiler with unit capacity of about 3 thousand tons/day of absolute dry solids will be
built, and we will definitely incinirate odour gas from evaporators that makes the
citizens feel so uncomfortable.
Next is the shutdown of outworn boiler #9, the construction and start-up of a
new bark boiler #15 with modified clean-up system, with precipitators. We have
ordered the equipment with Russian and foreign companies. In particular, the lower
part of the boiler and its control system were ordered in Finland and we have already
received them. The installation is in process, we plan to finish works in March-April
2010, and the old boiler will be shutdown.
Also we plan to re-build evaporators. We will build up a new concentrator with
a capacity of 4750 tons of black liquor absolute dry substance per day. Also we will
build up a unit to remove chlorides with a capacity of 4750 tons, to allow that sort of
burning.
This will allow us to cut the consumption of chemicals to recover liquors, to
exclude the release of alkali with sewage water. Next step is to re-build existing boiler
#12. The purpose of the re-build is to achieve and increase the output of steam up to
294 tons per day, to increase the efficiency of liquor-burning up to 1750 tons per day,
7
to increase the sulphate recovery exponent quantity up to 96%, and to increase the
boiler’s campaign life up to 3-4 months.
Next step is to re-build the hardwood line, our pulp mill #2. We plan to install
here oxygen delignification unit. As a result, we will reduce specific consumption per
1 ton of pulp in caustic soda by 16.7%, in elementary chlorine by 28.7%, in sodium
hypochlorite by 73.5%. As you understand, all these will surely result in the fall in
environmental load from the mill.
At chips production department we plan to install a new line to produce chips
with a capacity of 2.5 mln m3/year, to dispose of pneumatic pipeline, that produce too
much dust and small particles in chips, many absolute dry solids dissolving in liquors.
We plan to replace the pneumatic pipelines with the belt conveyors, which will allow
us to save wood and to reduce the environmental load (in dust).
In chemicals production we plan to dispose of six small kilns with low unit
capacity, and to build one lime kiln with the capacity of 900 tons/day with heat
reutilization and extra cleaning of effluent gas. The discharge into air will be reduced
in calcic dust by 62% and in hydrogen sulphide by 30%.
Also we plan to re-build the preparation of bleaching chemicals department, to
take out of service the production of chlorine by the Matheson method (Metso), and to
start the production with a new, more sophisticated method, to build a new oxygen
plant with a capacity of 100 tons/day of oxygen gas that will secure the oxygen-alkali
bleaching with oxygen.
At effluents treatment plant we plan to build a local treatment facility at the
contaminated header. This will allow reducing suspended solids by 95%, tall oil by
83.7%, and as we understand, biological oxygen demand. Also we will build effluents
thickening sludge facility. This will let us come up to maximum allowable
concentration in hydrogen sulphide at the border of the sanitary zone.
Also the restoration of biological treatment facilities with attached microbial
flora will let us increase the treatment efficiency in organics up to 97%, in phenols up
to 98.5%. The installation of effluent chemical treatment facility will let us reduce
effluents and impact on the Vikhoreva River for suspended substances by 30%, for tall
oil by 28.5%. We plan to install DCS to control effluent treatment process.
Our cost-cutting projects are: to build a new water demineralization line #2, to
dispose of old water demineralization line #1; to produce 23% more electric power
due to restoration of existing and start-up of new turbines, we plan to install two more
turbines near recovery boilers, so we will manage to produce more power and heat.
We plan to install primary heat utilization equipment for recycling and condensed
moisture.
The volume of investments to the named activities will cost Ilim Group 736.2
mln.USD. For example, the scope of work to be performed can be identical to that
during the construction of similar mill that was started up in 1965-75. The only
difference is short time. We must do everything according to the tight schedule.
Recovery boiler #15 will be started up in Q1/2009. Now we are doing pre-engineering
for all mentioned projects, then we will perform engineering, construction, check-out
of equipment, and commissioning. Only for recovery boiler #12 we have developed a
8
different schedule. We will re-build the boiler a bit later; it is not a crucial factor. We
plan to have all these works done by the 1st half-year 2012. That is what I wanted to
tell you about our approaches, policies, plans and deadlines. By 2014 we will increase
the output of pulp and paper products by 252 thousand tons/year, of forestry chemicals
by 8.2 thousand tons/year.
Now I want to speak about the environmental effect of these actions in Bratsk.
The major problem here is evil-smelling gas. We plan to cut significantly the release
of gas, as we will shut dirty softwood pulp line, we will recover evil-smelling gas, so
the environmental load from the mill will be reduced, and the norms of maximum
allowable concentration of all ingredients will be achieved at the sanitary zone border.
You can see the figures on the slides: methyl mercaptan will be cut 2 times - from 15
tons/year to 7 tons/year; hydrogen sulphide from 60 to 43 tons/year; sodium hydrate
from 36.6 to 21 tons/year. As for the discharge into the river, I can say that we will
manage to achieve the normative standards for the river of cultural interest in
formaldehyde, tall oil products, and chloroform. We will significantly reduce: lignin
6.2 times, phenols 11.6 times, suspended substances 1.7 times. Now I would like to
say some words about the normative standards in the Russian Federation that we must
adhere to, and the normative standards that our business rivals have in western
countries. We ask SibGiproBum to calculate and here are the results. You can see on
the slide the EU enforcement for biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen
demand, and suspended substances. Also you can see mills in Finland, Sweden, and
the bottom line is our mill after the re-build. We plan to become better than our rivals.
To carry out the environmental program is an honorable responsibility, and very heavy
at the same time.
The above-mentioned works will allow cutting the water consumption by
20.4%, the gross discharge of contaminating agents by 37.4%; density of
contaminating agents will not increase. You can see the figures on the slide.
By 2014 we plan to get off the 2nd and 3rd class hazardous waste, and to reduce 3rd
and 4th class burial waste, with increased output. Recoverable waste – cuttings, bark
will be burnt and utilized, so we plan to increase the output of power. The figures are
on the slide.
Speaking about wood, I can say we do not plan to enlarge our forest raw
material base. We have got the allowable cut of 3.4 mln m3, it will not be changed.
We plan to increase our expenditure on forest restoration, fact 2009 – RUR 35.3 mln,
by 2014 – RUR 67.2 mln. Also, the forest restoration area will be enlarged; we will
use young plants and seeds from the Ust-Ilimsk forest nursery. We will use low-grade
wood from wood-processing companies of Bratsk and Bratsk region.
We expect to provide environmental effects from the re-build – to reduce
substantially the emission of hazardous and evil-smelling ingredients into air, to
reduce gross discharge into the Vikhoreva River, to reduce the hazardous effluents
concentration; to provide for recultivation of lands used as sludge collectors, to return
them to business.
Now I want to speak how we meet social and economic obligations, provide for
social stability in Bratsk in the Irkutsk region. By now we have got three contracts –
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with the Irkutsk region Administration, with the Bratsk city Administration, with the
Bratsk region Administration. We believe these agreements are carried out. Ilim
Group allocates charity money via charity fund Ilim Garant. Fact 2008 – RUR 54.4
mln, 2009 – RUR 69.4 mln, in 2010 we plan no changes, according to the decisions of
the board of guardians. Major guidelines for charity activity in Bratsk in 2009: RUR
8.8 mln– support to veterans of work and retirees, RUR 3 mln – to develop children’s
sport, RUR 3.1 mln – basic repair of municipal hospital #5; RUR 3 mln – to build the
cultural and educational centre, RUR 6 mln – basic repair of the rest home. For 2010
we have agreed upon: RUR 9.1 mln – to support veterans of work and retirees; RUR 5
mln – to maintain the children’s sport; RUR 4.8 mln – to repair municipal buildings,
RUR 2.3 mln – to support schools and pre-school institutions, RUR 600 thousand – to
build children’s playgrounds.
The forecast of tax payments to all budgets is shown on the slide. I must say we
are a law-complying company. We do not administrate budgets, we carefully follow
the laws. As for taxes in 2014 you can look at the slide – there will be a unified social
tax, a forest rent tax, a land-value tax, a transport tax, a land use tax, a property tax,
environmental charges, an individual person’s tax, a profits tax. In 2009 we transferred
RUR 814 mln to all budgets, and executed the promised social program. We plan to
have a profit tax by 2014; we have not got net profit by now, we just have managed to
survive and have output, so we do not pay the profit tax now. We plan to have profits
in 2014; they will become the basis for our social cooperation.
The effect of technological development on the mill’s manning is shown on the
slide. Today we have 429 free vacancies on the mill’s industrial site; we need
mechanics, new timber-trucks operators, service technicians, crane operators. We have
to provide the re-build works comparable to the construction of the Bratsk wood
industrial enterprise (BLPK), with labor force. Average pay will grow. Today it is
RUR 18.3 thousand, forecast for 2014 – RUR 29.1 thousand, growth is 46.3%. Social
payments will grow from RUR 7.5 thousand to RUR 11.4 thousand
During the re-build period we will need workers to perform building and assembly
works: Builders, assemblers, instrumentation and controls adjustors, adjusting and
commissioning workers.
Here is the brief summary to the submittals. After the re-build we will
manufacture more competitive market products. This will allow our mill operate for
15-20 years with stability, to reduce environmental load, also we believe that owing to
the re-build of our mill many other companies in different manufacturing sectors will
have to develop their companies. As a result we will develop open opportunities, best
practices, and will maintain social stability.
We are sure that our plans are not fantastic, our goals are achievable, and we
have got everything to succeed: the infrastructure of the big mill, the trade mark
known in all developed countries. We sell our products to Japan, South Korea,
Germany, Italy, Holland, etc.
We have got qualified engineers, traditions and the school in the pulp and paper
industry, we are law-complying, honest, our plans are clear to everybody. We
positively state that the declared goals having been approved by shareholders and the
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Board of Directors will be achieved. Moreover, we do not need extra area, extra water
resources, and no extra forest lands. I encourage you to support the suggested program
of actions, and together we will manage to make great steps forward, not only our
mill, but other enterprises in our city. Thank you very much for your attention.
Chairman Sinegibskaya A.D.
Now let’s start our discussions about the Declaration of Intent for technological
development and assessment of environmental impact of the Bratsk Branch of Ilim
Group.
I remind you about the schedule: 5 minutes to speak, repeated speech 3 minutes,
total time for discussions is one hour. Please keep within the schedule. The speakers
will be invited according to the provisional applications.
1. Vorobiyova L.A. – Head Doctor, the health resort Yubileiniy, Chairman of the
Deputy legal and social welfare board of the City Council (Duma)
Good afternoon. I would like to say that the re-build of the mill is a topical and
well-timed issue especially when we speak about the startup date. The Deputy
environmental board of the City Council (Duma) has already discussed the
Declaration, the deputies had many questions. The issues had been discussed for
several days and we managed to reach a compromise. But still the draft of the
Declaration must be revised. The fact that it will take some time to approve the draft
of the Declaration, and that the re-build will be finished in 2014 – it means that the
citizens of Bratsk will suffer the impact of hazardous agents during all these years,
from the mill of Ilim Group, too. I am a pediatrician; I am concerned about the toxic
effect upon children. I want to say that the re-build processes at our major enterprises
are always controlled by the deputies. For example, the deputy hearings on the rebuild of major enterprises, on how they participate in the environmental activities,
were held on the initiative of the 4th calling deputies on 17 July, 2009. The deputies
firmly raised the issue of investing into the health promotion, especially into six health
promotion programs for children, but not only into the re-build. I will remind you of
these programs: - bronchial asthma, - atopic dermatitis, - health promotion for children
at pre-school institutions, - reproductive health resumption. For example we asked the
Ilim Group’s management to invest into the programs for bronchial asthma and atopic
dermatitis that are caused to great extent by toxic discharges (evil-smelling gas,
methyl mercaptan) from the mill. But until now we have not got a penny from the
management of Ilim Group to buy drugs as specified in the programs. The issue is
controlled by the 5th calling deputies’ committee. I believe the deputies and the mill’s
management will agree on those two programs, but we still suffer from the toxic effect
of hazardous agents. The RF Government has developed the Health to Healthy
doctrine that provides for recreation activity for working population, for children, for
junior/senior high school students. I invite the management of Ilim Group to increase
funding for curative measures such as the resort therapy in a health resort chosen
under active consideration.
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Generally, of course, the issue is very interesting. I invite you to give support to
the re-build.
2. Epiphantzeva Е.I. – Director of Bratsk Branch of Baikal State University of
Economics and Law, Doctor of Economic Science
Good evening dear participants of the hearings. The report is very interesting
and the goals of the branch technical development set by the design engineers inspire
respect. Along with solving the basic task of any business – to get benefits by
extended reproduction organization, a very important environment problem of
atmospheric, soil and water emissions reduction is being solved. And I would like to
say the following. In fact for over the years the mill has been operating on the “dirty”
technology. I am telling this as a specialist as I attended the postgraduate studies of
Leningrad Pulp and Paper University and I know the technological process not by
hearsay. As the mill has been operating on the “dirty” technology fro many year there
appeared the necessity to rebuild it. And it is very important that a new technology is
currently being implemented which would allow to reduce water and air emissions at
the stage of pulp production. But still I have some doubts. I observed the declaration
regarding the quantity of the feed stock and I doubted as some components are
increased by 2.5 times. And as soon as there are the laws of thermodynamics and
nothing appears from nothing or disappears nowhere, where would the substances
transformed and decomposed during the technological process go? I mean, will the
effluent treatment system be enough to utilize and clean the discharged components?
The second doubt is regarding the precipitators according to the flow diagram. I don’t
think they will be enough to burn the solid wastes, sediments from effluent water
treatment.
You might need to install some capturing equipment – adsorbers or absorbers,
as there are going to be non-burnt products which need to be captured and brought to
the maximum permissible concentration.
The third moment doubts me as a Bratsk citizen and a specialist which deals
with social-economic problems. All over the world the pollutant pays and as far as I
understand, the taxes are the taboo, the federal law which we cannot change. But the
problem is in money which goes mostly to the oblast budget. But why? As long as we
suffer from pollution we need to find way to return the money to Bratsk so we could
use it. The Constitution of Russian Federation has an article which guarantees us high
quality of life. But the life quality is our salary, health-improving measures,
sanatorium-and-spa treatment, and investments into medical services. As I’ve already
said, our cancer center is full of patients and this is horrible. This must be the common
case, of course, this appeal is not only to you. I am telling this because we are having
the social hearings and I want to make our society return our money to Bratsk. The
money we will spend on health-improving measures. As I’ve already said, Angarsk
city has three field houses where their children can go in for sports. Bratsk has two
large mills – Aluminum Smelter and Pulp Production, but there is no any stadium. That
is why this must be the objective of both the mill and the city, and its authorities. On
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one hand we need to implement new technologies, but on the other hand we need to
provide high life quality for the citizens of Bratsk. It is very important.
Implementation of the technical projects which are aimed at reduction of the
man impact on the people health will contribute to both environment problems
salvation and stable development of the city and region economics. I support the
project and consider it to be very urgent.
3. Elokhin А.А. – Chairman of Bratsk Veteran Council, Deputy of Bratsk Sate
Duma.
I would like to thank the mill authority and Vladimir Batishchev personally for
the attention paid to the both mill and city older generation.
And now – to the topic. I am acquainted with the mill operation process and I
have read the declaration. The plans are terrific, state and very large-scale. I would
like to express some wishes. First one. The rebuild is aimed at increase of the
production output which would entail increase of deforestation. In the declaration I
haven’t found the data regarding the reforestation. Second one. I would never forget
my first acquaintance with Mr. Orlov, the first Minister of Forest and Pulp-and-Paper
Industry. He said that the Vikhoreva River would be turned into a gutter, so it
happened. But the river would be reclaimed in 10 – 15 years. Far more years have
passed but the maximum permissible concentration of the river waters is not achieved
and there is no fish in it. I think you should provide the assets for fish farming. Third
one. I know that very good specialists, trained people and wonderful engineers are
working at the mill. But it is obvious that special attention should be paid to the design
and organization process because the mill technology is very dangerous.
I would like to support Elena Ivanovna concerning the money which flow to the
oblast budget and are not left for the city. This is a kind of paradox. We need to find
the ways, consider the society opinion and return the money to Bratsk. I express the
opinion of the older generation which is more experienced and think that the project
should be supported.
4. Sergeev А.D. – General Director of JSC “SIBNIICK”, Candidate of Chemical
Sciences.
Good evening! I would like to say about the two matters of principle. First of
all. We are facing the situation that Bratsk Pulp and Paper Mill is degrading since
1965 and the situation is critical. For the last 15 years the mill staff has been doing its
best to maintain the highest quality of the production. And if we do not rebuild the
mill, the situation will be much worse. As for the comments, I think the declaration
creators paid very little attention to the emission of greenhouse gases. Currently the
whole world is very much concerned about the greenhouse effect. We have been
taking inventory of emissions since 1990 according to the Kyoto Protocol. Since that
time the pulp production increased and greenhouse gases reduced from two to one
million tons. There are no analogues all over the world. According to the preliminary
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calculations greenhouse gases can be reduced up to 600 thousand tons.
The project is not perfect, there are points to be worked on. But the investments
of USD 750 mln we are having now the mill hasn’t received since 1874. For Bratsk
this is the life-and-death situation. I propose to support the project.
5. Ignatenko О.V. – Associate Professor of Chair in Ecology and Life Activity
Security of Bratsk State University
What is the society interested in when discussing a project of any economical
activity?
First, influence of the proposed technical and technological solutions on the
environment components; second, possible negative environment consequences and
medical-biological, social and economic consequences connected with them. And
third, one of the most important, measures aimed at reduction and prevention of the
negative consequences, i.e. nature-conservative measures.
Unfortunately, the declaration is not detailed enough to get answers to our
questions. in connection with this, the first proposal to OJSC “Ilim Group” authorities
is the following: to provide the society with final variant of the mill rebuild project
whth the chapter “Nature-conservative measures” which will be included into the
design documentation and sent for the state expertise.
It should be noted that the mill contribution into the summarized air emissions
from the city stationary resources are in average 8%. According to the Declaration of
Intents, besides the estimated reduction of evil-smelling sulfurous substances in the
course of rebuild it is planned to increase emissions of sodium sulphate by 2.4 times,
ash by more than 4 times, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide.
According to the meteorological services of Bratsk there are 17 – 27 days with
the lowest weather conditions for the contaminants dispersion in the atmosphere
which influences the quality of the free air. In the center of Bratsk the one-time
concentration of nitrogen dioxide was 3.5 of maximum permissible concentration and
of hydrogen sulfide – 5 of maximum permissible concentration (2008).
That is why to estimate the increased emissions influence on the urbanindustrial environment and condition of the citizens it is necessary to calculate
contaminants maximum concentration of ground air both on the border of sanitaryhygienic zone and residential area which would reflect the air contamination level
during the lowest weather conditions. When building the concentration isolines it is
necessary to calculate both separate substances and groups of substances which can
summarize, such as sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide; nitrogen and sulfur dioxides;
sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide; phenols and suspended solids.
According to the Declaration of Intent it is planned to build a new bark boiler to
burn wood wastes and sediments of effluent treatment and also other equipment. But
the Declaration doesn’t show the gas cleaning equipment and their level of efficiency.
It is necessary to mount modern dust-collecting plants of 97-99% operating efficiency
and second purification stage for toxic gas emissions capture on the all installed
technological equipment. According to the data such systems of gas purification which
allow purifying of emissions from suspended solids, sulfur and nitrogen oxides and
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sulfurous components are widely used at the modern pulp and paper mills.
And now regarding the measures aimed at reduction of water emissions to the
Vikhoreva River. It should be noted that the mill has implemented a rather strict
policy aimed at increase of efficiency of effluent waste waters treatment which resulted
in reduction of volume of both effluent waste water and separate contaminants
discharge. However, the Vikhoreva River is referred to fish industry of high grade and
after examination of the Declaration of Intents it can be noted that the planned
measures do not provide for achievement of the discharge rated values in accordance
with the maximum permissible concentration of fish industry. Even according to the
community indexes of maximum permissible concentration the norms for lignin
concentration and oxygen chemical demand are not declared. It is good that after the
mill rebuild the contaminants of the Vikhoreva River are going to be reduced to the
level of community reservoir though there are some questions regarding efficiency of
biological purification using the microflora as there are no sufficient results of the
technology implementation in the pulp and paper industry. The microflora can cause
both field problems and degradation of the biological purification.
The issue of effluent water chemical treatment is not sufficiently observed as the
Declaration of Intents doesn’t declare whether clarifiers there will be additional
equipment, such as agitating tank, flocculating tank and other installed on the base of
the primary which are necessary for such type of treatment. In case if such equipment
is to be installed the expenditure for the treatment plants rebuild is not enough.
In spite of the comments made I consider the mill rebuild to be very urgent. I
would ask you to take into account my comments and wishes on the stage of
designing.
6. Runova Е.М. – Doctor of Agriculture Science, Chair in Wood Engineering of
Bratsk State University
Good day, dear citizens of Bratsk! It is no doubt very good that the wood
processing complex is starting its rebuilding. I think that rebuilding is a very urgent
measure as the production is out-dated and the mill can’t develop without
reconstruction. I’ve got to issues to be discussed. First, neither report nor Declaration
declared whether the mill departments are going to be shutdown and would no longer
exist and are the departments and equipment going to be demolished and how much
would it cost? They seem to get gradually ruined. But I hope this will be included into
the project. The second issue. I am very concerned about the forest condition around
the city. It was said that the estimated cut will be the same 3.4 mln. m3. In the
Declaration it is noted that in 2008 the mill produced 3.9 mln. m3 of own chips which
required 3.4 mln. m3 of wood from the estimated cut. But in 2014 it is planned to
produce more than 4 mln. m3 of chips which would require not less that 5 – 5.5 mln.
m3 of the estimated cut accordingly. We are not able to cut more wood from the final
harvesting that there is on the estimated cuts. That is why everything is to be
calculated and the volumes of the estimated cuts will increase.
And I would like to give you the numbers which reflect the condition of forests
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in our Irkutsk oblast and Bratsk region. As for Irkutsk oblast, in 1961 – 1993 the
mature and overmature forests decreased in 16.9%, where coniferous forests reduced
in 23.7%. This is the result of the forests exploitation. As for Bratsk region, according
to the forest regulation statistics in 1972 – 2003 the pine stock decreased in 40%, larch
stock decreased in 15%, while the stocks of birch and aspen increased. It means that
more than 70% of forest is left for natural reforestation during the harvesting and our
cutting areas are reforested by deciduous species. We provide for increase of the
softwood that why all the items are solvable. However they are to be developed,
calculated and new forest nurseries are to be observed as capacities of Ust-Ilimsk and
Ust-Ilimsk region forest nursery won’t meet wood demand for such volumes of
harvesting. The capacities of Irkutsk oblast forest nurseries are too small. We need
not more than 10-15% of total area for planting. That is why I ask you to pay special
attention to this and I think that the project designers will take the comments into
account.
7. Semeonov S.А. – Chair in Industrial Thermal Power Engineering of Bratsk
State University
Good evening! I would like to give two comments which are not sufficiently
developed in the Declaration. I’d like to note that our city is being implementing the
gasification program. The Declaration of OJSC “Ilim Group” doesn’t declare this
item. It means that the old technology of the boilers firing by black oil is to be used,
though we can use the gas from our local natural gas deposit. And the second, I
doubted the way the bark boilers are going to operate together with sludge sediments.
As there are problems during the waste wood combustion it is necessary sometimes to
add a high quality fuel. In such case the natural gas from our local deposit could help.
But in case the sludge sediments are to be added than the combustion processes are
going to be misbalanced and the products of partial combustion are going to appear.
This item was not developed, I’d like to know if there is an experience of such wastes
combustion. It is necessary to calculate the amount of contaminants produced after
waste wood and sludge sediments combustion. In whole I liked the project and I think
it is to be supported.
8. Loginova N.P. – Bratsk citizen
Good evening. I think the citizens and the mill employees have been waiting for
the project long ago. Today Alexander Dmitrievich said that for Bratsk this is the lifeand-death matter. Our mill is inefficient, we operate with losses and to save the mill
we need to support the project. The project has some weak points but “SisGiproBum”
institution together with the specialists of OJSC “Ilim Group” will take into account
the comments and the project will be approved. The project provides money division
into three agreements – with Irkutsk oblast, Bratsk region and Brats city. Through
these agreements we can solve the issues regarding contribution of the money to
health improving and other measures. I propose to support the project.
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9. Kushnarenko N.V. – Director of Regional Environment Organization
“Initiative”
In the name of the company it should be noted that we are glad that the Bratsk
branch of OJSC “Ilim Group” has finally decided to rebuild the mill.
From the point of view of environment specialists it should be noted that it is
necessary to replace the equipment but the Declaration provides achievement of
maximum permissible discharge only for some substances. For such substances as
sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, ash and inorganic dust the emission indexes increase in
several times. We consider that this is not permissible for our city. We wish the gas
purification equipment which would capture such types of contaminants would be
updated.
We think that it is necessary to carry out the assessment of environment impact as
the Declaration doesn’t include all necessary data to conclude how the mill rebuild will
influence the city. It is also necessary to install an automatic system of control over the
emissions and discharges.
10. Korotuk О.М. – Bratsk citizen
Good evening, dear sirs. I am glad to be here as a representative of the city
youth. I should say that the project is to be supported. I work with the city youth and I
am facing the situation when young people want to earn much money and leave the
city. We need to implement all possible measures to make them see that the city is
going to develop and they will live in normal environment conditions. For the youth it
is very difficult to fulfill themselves and their reproductive functions. I think they will
succeed if our fundamental mills take care of their future. I hope our plans won’t be
just in paper. We vote for rebuild.
11. Kalinikov V.P. – Vice-chancellor for High Professional Education of Bratsk
State University, Director of Pulp and Paper College
Good evening. The program is good in itself. Change of the proprietor allowed
us to consider the rebuild program. However we consider that the issue of the staff
preparation was not observed properly. We have a wish to direct the financing and our
attention to development of our labs and our science. It is very good that we use
knowledge of Irkutsk lab specialists but we have the highest potential. In 2014 – 2018
everything will be high-tech and we will need highly qualified staff.
12. Poboyko А.V. – Chairman of the Bratsk Duma Constant Deputative
Committee for Ecology
Good evening, dear Bratsk citizen! The information on the Declaration was
presented at the meeting of the constant deputative committee for ecology. Let me
sound the decision of our committee. It was CONCLUDED:
1. To agree with the Intents of the technical development of the Bratsk branch
of OJSC “Ilim Group” on the condition of compliance with the following
recommendations of the Bratsk constant deputative committee for ecology:
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a) in the declaration and further to choose high-efficient dust and gas cleaning
equipment which would allow not to exceed the maximum permissible concentration
of contaminants on the border of sanitary protection zone of the Bratsk Branch of
OJSC “Ilim Group;
b) in the declaration and further to provide the stage of chemical treatment
of effluents on the existing waste water treatment facilities;
c) to present the schedule of the environmental measures and terms of their
implementation;
d) to implement the environmental measures before starting-up of the new
equipment due to the presented schedule;
e) in the declaration and further project to provide the assets for the sanitary
protection zone landscaping;
f) to carry out efficient control over the air environmental condition on the
border of the sanitary protective zone of the branch and present the information in
accordance with the established procedure;
g) when choosing the contractors for the Bratsk branch of OJSC “Ilim Group”
technical development to engage the companies which are situated and registered on
the territory of Bratsk city (not less than a year till the day of the bid) on the condition
to comply with all necessary demands set in the tender offer under otherwise equal
conditions;
h) to include the assets not less than in 2008 inclusive of inflation factor for
Ust-Ilimsk sea fish resources recovery into the nature conservation measures included
into the Declaration of Intents;
i) to provide financing from the charity funds of health improving measures
for the children suffering from bronchial allergy and atopic eczema;
j) to update Municipal Goal-oriented Program “Environment conservation and
ecological safety of Bratsk population” taking into account the measures of Bratsk
branch of OJSC “Ilim Group” technical development.
The meeting Chairman Sinegibskaya A.D.
All the people on the list delivered the speech. Currently there is a question
from the citizen Dotkov. What types of measures are planned to clean the storm waters
and their discharge into the Vikhoreva River? How will hemp lightwood be processed
and what is the percentage of wood processing at the Bratsk mill in comparison with
the European countries?
Chief technologist of JSC “Sibgiprobum” – Kemiaeva Nina Mikhaylovna.
The storm waters presently flow to the general treatment plants and are cleaned
together with the industrial waters. The cleaning perfomance will be the same as for
the industrial water treatment. The effluent waters will comply with the concentrations
presented in the Declaration.
As for hemp lightwood during the complex building there was such a plant. But
18
in 90s it was shut-down because of its unprofitability. The hemp lightwood processing
is not included into the rebuild program. The next question was regarding the
efficiency of wood processing. The planned pulp production technologies, new chip
production line will allow to reduce wood demand for softwood pulp production in
15%, for hardwood pulp production – in 10-12%. It means that we will reach the
indexes of wood demand for pulp production equal to ones in Finland and other highly
developed countries. Currently our wood losses are much higher than in Finland and
other countries.
Vladimir Ivanovich – Bratsk citizen
I am concerned about the environment. There are very big fund for the rebuild
but we have no monitoring of the environment. I propose to purchase the monitoring
equipment before the beginning of the rebuild as it is very important. This will help us
to see what results we will get in 2014.
Kuzina О.G. – Chief Environmental Specialist of JSC “Sibgiprobum”
Presently the control point which is 500 m downstream the discharge in
Vikhoreva River and both left and right banks of the Angara River are being
monitored. The certified lab of “CLATM (Center of Laboratory Analysis and
Technical Metrology)” is carrying out the monitoring.
Sikov N.Т. – Director for Labor Protection, Industrial and Environmental Safety
of the Bratsk branch of OJSC “Ilim Group”
Dear Bratsk citizens! Presently the emission monitoring is being held day and
night. All the pollutant sources are controlled manually and automatically due to the
established schedule. Also there is a mobile laboratory of the ambient air monitoring.
We consider that this is quite enough as this is a normal effective control system.
Batishchev Vladimir Nikolaevich
Vladimir Ivanovich, I’ve got some questions to you. Why does the existing
monitoring system not satisfy you? When did you last use the monitoring data for
atmosphere and industrial wastewater discharge?
Vladimir Ivanovich – Bratsk citizen
Monitoring reviews are not available anywhere. I know that if there was an
automatic environment monitoring system we would have been able to conduct a
research and define the quality of the atmosphere, in particular, during the days of bad
air. Then we are sure we are not deceived and we’ll be able to take children to the
country side. Presently we don’t see the data. Earlier I came across the air pollutant
concentrations and how much they exceed in the newspapers. Presently we don’t have
such information.
There was a written proposal sent to the office from Pankratov Stanislaw
Fedorovich, Senior Staff Scientist of the Baikal branch of “State Scientific and
Production Center of Fishing Industry”. The letter was to the following effect:
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I am all for the long overdue rebuilding of the Bratsk branch of OJSC “Ilim
Group”. Along with this while developing the design documentation it is necessary to
take into account the requirements of RF Government Ordinance No. 569 as of July
28, 2008 “Concerning approval of the Rules of agreement of commercial and other
facilities location and also implementation of the new technological processes
influencing the condition of the water biological resources and their habitats”, item 4
regarding presentation of:
- the data on the assessment of the planning activity impact on the condition of
water biological resources and their habitats with account of commercial fish value;
- the data on the planned measures aimed at prevention and reduction of the
negative impact on the water biological resources and their habitats and on
compensations for harm in accordance with the requirements of RF Legislation for
Environment protection.
The meeting Chairman Sinegibskaya A.D.
We have heard the comments and proposals of Bratsk citizens regarding the
Declaration of Intents of the Bratsk branch of OJSC “Ilim Group” technical
development. The closing speech is given to Batishchev V.N.
Batishchev Vladimir Nikolaevich – Director for Production and Investments of
the “East Business Unit” of OJSC “Ilim Group”, Director of the Bratsk branch
Dear colleagues and Bratsk citizens! Thank you for listening to our materials,
than you that you’ve supported the rebuild project and gave constructive criticism. We
will answer the give questions. I propose to hold a seminar as only Bratsk University
subjected the project to criticism. It should be also noted that we heard a lot of
constructive proposals. We by all means will take into account all your proposals
during the detail design of the project. Currently we are on the Declaration stage but
then we’ll move to the detail design. All the materials will be sent to the state
expertise according to all requirements. We also guarantee to keep all our agreements
with the social partners. Thank you for supporting our project.
The meeting Chairman Sinegibskaya A.D.
I remind that all the said and sent to the office written proposals will be included
into the protocol of the public hearings. The protocol is a component of the materials sent
for the state expertise.
It follows from the majority of the speeches that the discussed project of the
Declaration of Intents regarding the Bratsk branch of OJSC “Ilim Group” technical
development and environment impact assessment is sufficiently developed and gives
an insight into the reduction of environment negative impact due to the rebuild of the
Bratsk Branch of OJSC “Ilim Group”. However there are proposals and comments
wich will be included into the protocol and which are to be taken into account by the
hearings customer during the preparation of the mill technical development project.
Are there any other proposals? No.
20
We will consider the hearings to be successful. We are supporting the proposed
project of the Declaration of Intents regarding the Bratsk Branch of OJSC “Ilim Group”
technical development and environment impact assessment with account of the
proposals implementation.
Are there any points of criticism concerning the hearings? No.
Then the public discussion of the project of the Declaration of Intents regarding the
Bratsk branch of OJSC “Ilim Group” technical development and environment impact
assessment stands adjourned.
Chairman of the public hearings,
Leader of the Initiative Ecology Group
“Ecocenter BrGU”, Dean of
Natural Sciences Faculty А. D. Sinegibskaya
Secretary of the public hearings,
Supervisor of the department of
Environmental security and control
of Bratsk administration G.V. Golubkova
ANNEX VI
Water monitoring map
ANNEX VII
Schedule of water monitoring 2010
Schedule for water monitoring 2010
Item
No.
Surveyed
facility
Sampling
Point
Sampl
e type
Surveyed ingredient Method regulatory reference Sampling
frequency
Laboratory certification details
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1. Treated wastewater
pH value PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.121-97, 1997
edition,
Certificate of 2004
1d Dissolved oxygen PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.101-97, 2004 edition,
Certificate of 2008,
1d Suspended solids PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.110-97, 2004 edition,
Certificate of 2008,
1d BOD (Mn) PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.154-99,
2004 edition
1d Temperature RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005, 2005 edition
1d BOD5 PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.123 – 97, 1997
edition
5w Total BOD PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.123 – 97, 1997
edition
Certificate of 2004
5m Chloride ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.111 – 97, 1997 edition
Certificate of 2004
4m Sulphate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.159 – 2000, 2005
edition
4m 3.1. Industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities of the
Branch
Outlet of the
industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities
(discharge to
the Vikhoreva
River)
Point
sampl
e Ammonium ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.1 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
4m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Nitrite ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.3 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
4m Nitrate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.4 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
4m Phosphate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.112 – 97, 1997
edition, Certificate of 2004
4m Phenol Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.02.11.040/2008, 2008 edition
5w Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate,
FGUP UNIIM, No. 224.01.
03.033/2009, 2009 edition
3w Methanol PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.102 – 97, 2004
edition, Certificate of 2008
4m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIITsBP
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
12m
1.1. Industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities of the
Branch
Outlet of the
industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities
(discharge to
the Vikhoreva
River)
Point
sampl
e Total iron PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.50 – 96, 1996 edition,
Certificate of 2004
4m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
COD PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.100 – 97, 2004
edition, Certificate of 2008
5w Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.128 - 98, 2002
edition
4m Formaldehyde Procedure of OAO SibNIICBP, Certificate
issued by FGUP UNIIM No.
224.02.11.146/
2008; PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.97-97, 2004 edition
4m Chloroform 12m
Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.161/2009, 2004 edition
4m Hydrogen sulfide
Methylmercaptan
Dimethyl sulfide
Dimethyl disulfide
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009,
2004 edition
4m Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.158 -2000, 2009
edition
4m Dry residue PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.114-97, 1997 edition,
Certificate of 2004
4m 1.1. Industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities of the
Branch
Outlet of the
industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities
(discharge to
the Vikhoreva
River)
Point
sampl
e Odor RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
4m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
4m Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.497 –
2005,
2005 edition
4m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
1.1 Industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities of the
Branch
Outlet of the
industrial
wastewater
treatment
facilities
(discharge to
the Vikhoreva
River)
Point
sampl
e Absorbed halogenorganic compounds
(АОХ)
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.218-06, 2006
edition, Certificate of 2009
4w Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.510763 of
Sept. 09, 2009,
valid till Sept.
09,2014
2. Natural water
pH value PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.121-97, 1997
edition, Certificate of 2004
4m Dissolved oxygen PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.101-97, 2004 edition,
Certificate of 2008,
4m Suspended solids PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.110-97, 2004 edition,
Certificate of 2008,
4m BOD5 PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.123 – 97, 1997
edition
4m Chloride ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.111 – 97, 1997
edition, Certificate of 2004
2m Sulphate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.159 – 2000, 2005
edition
2m 2.1.
The Vikhoreva
River
500 m
downstream
the wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Ammonium ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.1 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
2m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Nitrite ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.3 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
2m Nitrate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.4 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
2m Phosphate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.112 – 97, 1997
edition, Certificate of 2004
2m Phenol Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.02.11.040/2008, 2008 edition
4m Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM No. 224.01.03.033
/2009, 2009 edition
4m Methanol
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.102 – 97, 2004
edition,
Certificate of 2008
4m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIICBP
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
2m 2.1.
The Vikhoreva
River
500 m
downstream
the wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Total iron PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.50 – 96, 1996 edition,
Certificate of 2004
2m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
COD PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.100 – 97, 2004
edition, Certificate of 2008
2m Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.128 - 98, 2002
edition
2m Formaldehyde Procedure of OAO SibNIICBP, Certificate
issued by FGUP UNIIM No.
224.02.11.146/
2008; PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.97-97, 2004 edition
2m Chloroform 2m
Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGU UNIIM,
No. 224.01.11.
161/2009, 2004 edition
2m 2m Hydrogen sulfide
2m Methylmercaptan
Dimethyl sulfide
2m Dimethyl disulfide
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009,
2004 edition
2m Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.158 -2000, 2009
edition
4y Odor RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005, 2005 edition
1m Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m 2.1.
The Vikhoreva
River
500 m
downstream
the wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.497 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU.
0001.512945 of
November 21,
2007
valid till October
18, 2012
7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
pH value PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.121-97, 1997
edition,
Certificate of 2004
1m Dissolved oxygen PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.101-97, 2004 edition,
Certificate of 2008,
1m Suspended solids PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.110-97, 2004 edition,
Certificate of 2008,
1m BOD5 PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:3:4.123 – 97, 1997
edition
1m Chloride ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.111 – 97, 1997 edition
Certificate of 2004
1m Sulphate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.159 – 2000, 2005
edition
1m Ammonium ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.1 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
1m Nitrite ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.3 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
1m 2.2.
The Vikhoreva
River
500 m
upstream the
wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
512945 of
November 21,
2007, valid till
October 18,
2012
8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Nitrate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.4 – 95, 1995 edition,
Certificate of 2004
1m Phosphate ion PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.112 – 97, 1997
edition, Certificate of 2004
1m Phenol Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.02.11.040
/2008, 2008 edition
1m Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.03.033/2009,
2009 edition
1m Methanol PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.102 – 97, 2004
edition,
Certificate of 2008
1m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIICBP
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
1m Total iron PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.50 – 96, 1996 edition,
Certificate of 2004
1m 2.2.
The Vikhoreva
River
500 m
upstream the
wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e COD
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 114.1:2.100 – 97, 2004
edition,
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
512945 of
November 21,
2007, valid till
October 18,
2012
9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Certificate of 2008
Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.128 - 98, 2002
edition
1m Formaldehyde Procedure of OAO SibNIICBP, Certificate
issued by FGUP UNIIM No.
224.02.11.146/
2008; PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.97-97, 2004 edition
1m Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.158 -2000, 2009
edition
4y Chloroform 1m
Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.161/2009, 2009 edition
1m Odor PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.114-97, 1997 edition,
Certificate of 2004
1m Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Hydrogen sulfide 1m
Dimethyl sulfide 1m
Methylmercaptan 1m
2.2. The Vikhoreva
River
500 m
upstream the
wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Dimethyl disulfide
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009, 2004 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
512945 of
November 21,
2007, valid till
October 18,
2012
10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Methanol RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.423 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.03.033/2009, 2009 edition
1m Phenols RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.480 –
2006, 2002 edition
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.182-02, 2002 edition
1m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIICBP
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
1m Chloride ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.402 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Sulphate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.405 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.128-98,
2002 edition
1m Ammonium ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.383 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrite ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.381 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.380 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m 2.3.
The Vikhoreva
River
Intermediate
survey station
(Koblyakov
Bridge 72 km
downstream
the wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Total iron
RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.358 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Formaldehyde RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.492 –
2006, 2006 edition
1m pH value RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.495 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Suspended solids RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.468 –
2005, 2005 edition; PNDF (Federal
Environmental Regulations) 14.1:2:4.25409, 2009 edition
1m Hydrogen sulfide 1m
Dimethyl sulfide 1m
Dimethyl disulfide 1m
Methylmercaptan
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009,
2004 edition
1m Dissolved oxygen RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.419 –
2005, 2005 edition
1m Phosphate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.382 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Odor RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.497 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.15-95,
1995 edition
2y 2.3.
The Vikhoreva
River
Intermediate
survey station
(Koblyakov
Bridge 72 km
downstream
the wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
COD
RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.421 –
2007,
2007 edition
1m Chloroform 1m
2.3.
The Vikhoreva
River
Intermediate
survey station
(Koblyakov
Bridge 72 km
downstream
the wastewater
discharge point
of the Branch
Point
sampl
e Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, the Bratsk Branch of OJSC
Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.161/2009, 2004 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
Methanol RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.423 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.03.033/2009, 2009 edition
1m Phenols RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.480 –
2006,
2006 edition
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.182-02
2002 edition
1m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIITsBP
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
1m Chloride ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.402 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m 2.4.
Mouth of UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Mouth of UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Point
sampl
e Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Sulphate ion
RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.405 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.128-98,
2002 edition
1m Ammonium ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.383 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrite ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.381 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.380 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Total iron RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.358 –
2006, 2006 edition
1m Formaldehyde RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.492 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m pH value RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.495 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Suspended solids RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.468 –
2005,
2005 edition
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.254-09, 2009 edition
1m Hydrogen sulfide 1m
Dimethyl sulfide 1m
Dimethyl disulfide 1m
Methylmercaptan
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009, 2004 edition 1m
2.4.
Mouth of UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Mouth of UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Point
sampl
e Dissolved oxygen RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.419 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
14
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Phosphate ion
RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.382 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Odor RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.497 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.15-95,
1995 edition
2y COD RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.421 –
2007, 2007 edition
1m Chloroform 1m
2.4. Mouth of UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Mouth of UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Point
sampl
e Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, the Bratsk Branch of OJSC
Ilim Group, Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM No. 224.01.11.161
/2009, 2004 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
Methanol RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.423 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.03.033/2009, 2009 edition
1m 2.5.
Ust-Ilimsk
Reservoir
500 m
downstream
the mouth of
UstVikhorevsky
Bay on the left
and right bank
Point
sampl
e Phenols
RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.480 –
2006,
2006 edition
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.182-02
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
2002 edition
Chloride ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.402 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m 1m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIITsBP
Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
1m Sulphate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.405 –
2005, 2005 edition
Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.128-98, 2002 edition
1m Ammonium ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.383 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrite ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.381 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.380 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Total iron RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.358 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Formaldehyde RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.492 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m pH value RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.495 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m 2.5.
Ust-Ilimsk
Reservoir
500 m
downstream
the mouth of
UstVikhorevsky
Bay on the left
and right bank
Point
sampl
e Suspended solids
RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.468 –
2005,
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.254-09, 2009 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Hydrogen sulfide 1m
Dimethyl sulfide 1m
Dimethyl disulfide 1m
Methylmercaptan
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, Bratsk Branch of OJSC Ilim
Group, Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009,
2004 edition 1m
Dissolved oxygen RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.419 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Phosphate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.382 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Odor RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.497 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.15-95,
1995 edition
2y COD RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.421 –
2007,
2007 edition
1m Chloroform 1m
Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, the Bratsk Branch of OJSC
Ilim Group, Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.161/2009,
2004 edition
1m 2.5.
Ust-Ilimsk
Reservoir
500 m
downstream
the mouth of
UstVikhorevsky
Bay on the left
and right bank
Point
sampl
e Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
17
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Methanol RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.423 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Thiolignin Procedure of Measurement of the UstIlimsk Branch of OJSC Ilim Group,
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.03.033/2009, 2009 edition
1m Phenols RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.480 –
2006,
2006 edition
PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2:4.182-02
2002 edition
1m tall oil Procedure of Measurement of OAO
SibNIITsBP
Certificate issued by FGUP UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.293/2005, 2005 edition
1m Chloride ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.402 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Sulphate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.405 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Oil products PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.128-98, 2002 edition
1m Ammonium ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.383 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Nitrite ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.381 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m 2.6.
Ust-Ilimsk
Reservoir
Background
500 m
upstream the
mouth of
UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Point
sampl
e ная
Nitrate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.380 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Total iron RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.358 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Formaldehyde RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.492 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m pH value RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.495 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Suspended solids RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.468 –
2005,
2005 edition; PNDF (Federal
Environmental Regulations) 14.1:2:4.25409, 2009 edition
1m Hydrogen sulfide 1m
Dimethyl sulfide 1m
Dimethyl disulfide 1m
Methylmercaptan
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, the Bratsk Branch of OJSC
Ilim Group, Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.162/2009, 2004 edition
1m Dissolved oxygen RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.419 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Phosphate ion RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.382 –
2006,
2006 edition
1m Odor RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Transparency RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.496 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m 2.6.
Ust-Ilimsk
Reservoir
Background
500 m
upstream the
mouth of
UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Point
sampl
e Colority RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.497 –
2005,
2005 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
19
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Anionic surfactant PNDF (Federal Environmental
Regulations) 14.1:2.15-95,
1995 edition
1m COD RD (Regulatory Document) 52.24.421 –
2007,
2007 edition
1m Chloroform 1m
2.6. Ust-Ilimsk
Reservoir
Background
500 m
upstream the
mouth of
UstVikhorevsky
Bay
Point
sampl
e Turpentine, (α-pinene)
Procedure of Measurement of OAO OAO
SibNIITsBP, the Bratsk Branch of OJSC
Ilim Group, Certificate issued by FGUP
UNIIM
No. 224.01.11.161/2009,
2004 edition
1m Certificate No.
ROSS RU. 0001.
513048 of June 29,
2006, valid till
June 29,
2011
NOTES:
Tests conducted at the discharge point to the Vikhoreva River:
- one test fewer in January and May (no specific pollutant test);
- no BOD5, phenol, lignin, and COD tests are not conducted on public holidays.
Sampling upstream the mouth of Vikhorevsky Bay (background) is done in the period from June through September.
Sampling in the the Vikhoreva River - intermediate survey station, mouth of the Vikhoreva River and the Angara River (500 m off
the right and left bank) is done in all months, except for April and the first and second decades of May, October, and November.
Number of monthly samples is adjusted based on weather conditions, however the number of samples per quarter remains the same.
20
List of abbreviations: m- number of tests per month
y- number of tests per year
d- number of tests per day
w- number of tests per week
I.V. Glushich,
Senior Environmental Expert, Head of the Environmental Control and Nature Management Department
G.M. Esaulova,
Head of the Industrial and Environmental Laboratory
ANNEX VIII
Annual, maximum and minimum monthly averages of parameters measured in
control points of Vikhoreva, Ust-Vikhorevskiy Bay and Angara in year 2009
Annual, maximum and minimum monthly averages of parameters measured in control points of Vikhoreva and UstVikhorevskiy Bay in year 2009.
Poi nt 1. 500m upstream discharge Point 3. 500 m downstream discharge Point 4. Koblyakovo Point 5. Ust-Vikhorevsk iy bay
рН 7.6 7.9 7.1 7.6 7.8 7.4 7.7 7.9 7.6 7.9 9.1 7.3
TSS 4.0 6.5 0.9 7.5 9.0 4.3 7.1 15.9 3.0 <3,0 7.00 3.00
BOD5 1.8 3.9 1.0 3.02 3.04 2.00 2.1 3.60 1.00 1.3 3.0 0.6
Phenol 0.003 0.007 0.001 0.0058 0.0067 0.0036 0.0022 0.0032 0.0011 0.002 0.002 0.001
Oil products 0.026 0.039 0.014 0.077 0.124 0.031 0.016 0.028 0.006 0.006 0.008 0.004
Chloride-ion 7.4 18.1 2.8 129.9 164.9 42.7 98.1 158.2 31.3 12.2 35.4 5.5
Sulphate-ion 58.9 138.4 7.6 79.7 87.5 30.3 82.7 138.6 34.7 12.8 40.0 3.1
Phosphate -ion (as
Р) 0.20 0.88 0.04 0.28 0.29 0.13 0.54 0.94 0.10 0.09 0.40 0.04
Tall products н.о 0.101 <0,1 0.126 0.126 <0,1 0.0 0.0
Lignin 4.96 13.39 1.09 20.82 22.89 14.84 14.5 19.60 11.40 3.9 13.3 0.5
Ion ammonium 0.25 0.40 0.07 0.40 0.53 0.09 0.42 1.03 0.15 0.15 0.38 0.04
Nitrate-ion 1.54 3.26 0.54 1.33 1.62 0.46 4.25 5.46 1.71 0.76 1.64 0.12
Nitrite-ion 0.006 0.021 0.001 0.06 0.16 0.02 0.07 0.13 0.04 0.02 0.05 0.01
Methanol 0.048 0.140 0.000 0.16 0.19 0.12 0.24 0.33 0.13 0.15 0.29 0.10
Iron 0.413 0.674 0.128 0.35 0.48 0.23 0.44 0.77 0.12 0.13 0.32 0.05
Formaldehyde н.о 0 0 н.о 0.0 0.0 <0,025 <0,025 0.0 <0,025 <0,025 0
COD 31.96 70.00 8.50 98.1 120.0 48.8 49.1 72.00 38.2 21.1 51.00 6.7
Chromaticity 94 253 14 284 276 60 261.74 312.70 211 90.7 270.80 14.1
Odour 0.00 0.0 0.00 0
at t=20оС 1 1 0 1 2 0 2 2.00 1 0 1.00 0
at t=60оС 3 3 1 3 4 1 2 3.00 1 1 2.00 0
Surfactants 0 0 0.0 0.0 <0,01 0.00 0.0 <0,01 0.00 0.00
Transparence 28.0 30.0 15.0 22 30 6 25 28.00 22 29 30.00 22
H2S н.о 0 0 н.о 0.00 0.00 <0,0004 <0,0004 0.00 <0,0004 <0,0004 0
methylmercaptane н.о 0 0 н.о 0.00 0.00 <0,0004 <0,0004 0.00 <0,0004 <0,0004 0
Dimethyl sulfide н.о 0 0 н.о 0.00 0.00 <0,0004 <0,0004 0.00 <0,0004 <0,0004 0
Dimethyl disulfide н.о 0 0 н.о 0.00 0.00 <0,0005 <0,0005 0.00 <0,0005 <0,0005 0
Dissolved oxygen 9.3 10.4 7.4 8.3 8.9 7.4 9.0 11.20 7.5 11.4 18.10 8.0
Turpentine н.о 0 0 н.о 0.000 0.000 <0,01 <0,01 0.000 <0,01 <0,01 0.00
Chloroform н.о 0 0 0.026 0.073 0.009 <0,001 <0,001 0.000 <0,001 <0,001 0.00
MinMax Min Average MaxAverage Max Min AverageAverage Max Minparameters
Annual, maximum and minimum monthly averages of parameters measured in control points of Angara River in year 2009.
Poi nt 6. Angara left bank Point 7. Angara ri ght bank Point 9. Background Angara
рН 7.81 8.40 7.50 8.01 8.90 7.60 8.05 8.90 7.50
TSS <3,0 <3,0 0 <3,0 <3,0 0
BOD5 1.0 1.70 0.6 1.1 2.1 0.6 1.1 1.4 0.5
Phenol 0.0013 0.00 0.0006 0.0012 0.0 0.0007 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oil products 0.008 0.01 0.008 0.007 0.0 0.006 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chloride-ion 8.0 13.00 5.5 8.4 22.3 5.5 7.21 14.80 5.50
Sulphate-ion 9.2 18.00 2.0 9.8 28.9 2.0 8.9 17.2 0.9
Phosphate -ion (as
Р) 0.06 0.28 0.04 0.04 0.1 0.03 0.04 0.07 0.03
Tall products <0,1 <0,1 0.0 <0,1 <0,1 0.0
Lignin
1.43 1.90 0.80 1.69 3.4 0.50 1.77 3.30 0.70
Ion ammonium 0.11 0.32 0.06 0.09 0.3 0.04 0.08 0.14 0.02
Nitrate-ion 0.41 0.85 0.34 0.55 1.1 0.30 0.300 0.560 0.050
Nitrite-ion 0.013 0.02 0.010 0.016 0.0 0.010 0.01 0.01 0.01
Methanol 0.11 0.17 0.11 0.11 0.2 0.10 0.11 0.13 0.10
Iron 0.09 0.15 0.05 0.09 0.3 0.05 0.10 0.17 0.04
Formaldehyde <0,025 <0,025 0 <0,025 <0,025 0
COD 12.20 16.70 12.70 13.51 23.5 11.80 13.3 18.2 11.76
Chromaticity 37.2 63.60 15.6 40.9 75.1 12.8 31.8 58.1 12.3
Surfactants <0,01 0.00 0.00 <0,01 0.0 0.00
Transparence 30 30.00 30 29.77778 30.0 30 30 30 30
H2S <0,0004 <0,0004 0 <0,0004 <0,0004 0
methylmercaptane <0,0004 <0,0004 0 <0,0004 <0,0004 0
Dimethyl sulfide <0,0004 <0,0004 0 <0,0004 <0,0004 0
Dimethyl disulfide <0,0005 <0,0005 0.0000 <0,0005 <0,0005 0.0000
Dissolved oxygen 11.4 13.40 8.0 11.8 16.7 8.2
Turpentine <0,01 <0,01 0 <0,01 <0,01 0
Chloroform <0,001 <0,001 0 <0,001 <0,001 0
parameters Average Max Average Max Min Average Max MinMin

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